Census Profile, 2016 Census
Lanaudière [Economic region], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Lanaudière
Quebec
[Economic region]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Lanaudière [Economic region], Quebec  Map : Lanaudière [Economic region], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 494,796 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 471,748 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.9 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 222,662 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 202,142 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 39.8 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 12,423.38 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 494,795 245,315 249,480 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 86,345 44,270 42,070 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 27,850 14,315 13,535 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 31,330 16,070 15,265 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 27,160 13,890 13,270 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 323,945 161,555 162,390 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 27,705 14,205 13,500 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 28,470 14,670 13,805 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 26,310 13,155 13,150 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 28,760 14,150 14,610 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 33,040 16,175 16,860 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 31,195 15,565 15,635 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 32,330 16,060 16,270 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 40,055 19,970 20,085 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 41,010 20,285 20,725 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 35,070 17,320 17,750 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 84,515 39,495 45,020 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 29,930 14,660 15,270 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 22,875 11,265 11,615 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 14,340 6,810 7,530 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 9,335 4,050 5,285 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 8,030 2,710 5,320 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 5,350 2,035 3,315 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 2,110 585 1,530 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 505 85 415 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 60 10 55 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.5 18.0 16.9 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 65.5 65.9 65.1 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 17.1 16.1 18.0 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.1 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 41.3 40.6 42.0 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 42.6 41.9 43.4 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 202,140 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 135,110 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,800 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 63,815 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,965 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 2,875 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 9,635 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 40,445 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 900 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,415 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 202,140 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 54,565 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 73,935 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 31,735 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 27,695 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 14,205 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 486,285 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 408,455 201,050 207,410 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 244,580 122,155 122,420 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 135,095 67,510 67,585 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 109,485 54,645 54,835 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 163,875 78,890 84,985 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 109,855 59,965 49,890 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 5,400 2,490 2,910 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 27,170 11,365 15,805 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 21,460 5,075 16,380 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 144,355 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 75,705 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 30,800 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 26,830 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,025 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 144,360 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 120,590 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 65,865 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 54,725 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 23,770 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 17,320 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 6,450 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 120,595 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 61,480 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 59,110 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 23,625 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 25,025 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 10,460 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 23,770 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 14,220 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 7,175 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 2,370 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 76,300 38,500 37,800 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 202,140 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 139,625 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 59,640 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 79,985 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,335 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 60,185 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 54,565 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 5,615 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 490,285 243,665 246,625 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 1,890 985 900 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 311,305 146,200 165,100 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 175,965 96,010 79,955 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 1,130 465 665 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 490,290 243,665 246,625 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 11,835 6,070 5,765 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 473,070 234,865 238,200 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 4,305 2,290 2,015 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 1,075 440 640 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 13,990 7,220 6,770 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.9 3.0 2.7 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 490,290 243,665 246,620 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 484,345 240,650 243,695 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 461,005 229,055 231,955 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 8,940 4,525 4,415 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 452,070 224,530 227,540 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 23,335 11,600 11,735 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 2,260 1,120 1,140 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 2,255 1,115 1,135 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,245 1,120 1,130 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 2,235 1,115 1,120 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 10 0 10 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 21,080 10,485 10,600 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,475 1,865 1,605 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 705 370 340 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 375 195 175 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 335 170 160 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 0 0 0 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 2,760 1,490 1,265 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 5 0 5 745 340 405
Arabic 2,745 1,485 1,260 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 5 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 0 0 0 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 415 190 225 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 225 100 120 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 185 85 100 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 115 40 80 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 0 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 10 0 5 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 410 125 275
Ilocano 0 0 0 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 25 10 10 1,250 590 660
Malay 5 0 0 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 205 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75 20 50 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 320 140 180
Creole languages 3,815 1,665 2,150 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 125 55 70 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 3,660 1,590 2,070 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 20 10 10 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 0 0 0 240 130 110
Malayalam 0 0 0 440 235 205
Tamil 15 10 5 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 0 0 0 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 11,490 5,845 5,645 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 60 35 25 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 50 30 15 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 955 445 510 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 10 5 5 850 335 515
Latvian 0 0 0 290 120 175
Lithuanian 10 5 5 555 215 340
Slavic languages 940 445 500 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 0 0 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 20 10 10 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 75 35 35 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 30 20 15 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 35 20 15 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 5 5 0 205 105 95
Polish 325 155 165 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 285 115 175 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 25 15 10 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 25 15 10 1,805 865 940
Slovak 15 10 5 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 755 350 405
Ukrainian 75 30 40 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 175 90 85
Celtic languages 5 5 5 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 55 30
Germanic languages 315 160 165 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 0 0 0 125 60 65
Danish 0 5 0 395 190 200
Dutch 45 20 25 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 230 115 115 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 5 5 5 200 100 100
Swedish 10 5 0 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 10 10 540 240 300
Yiddish 0 0 0 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 175 100 75
Greek 270 170 100 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 315 160 150 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 165 85 80 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 10 5 5 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 5 5 5 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 15 5 5 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 0 0 0 110 60 55
Marathi 0 0 0 255 145 110
Nepali 90 40 50 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 10 10 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 0 0 5 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 5 0 645 310 330
Urdu 15 10 5 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 140 75 70 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 30 15 15 985 550 430
Pashto 0 0 0 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 110 55 55 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 9,525 4,840 4,680 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 0 5 0 320 170 150
Italian 2,705 1,555 1,150 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 1,070 520 550 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 695 350 345 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 5,050 2,410 2,640 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 125 75 50
Japanese 35 15 25 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 170 80 85
Georgian 0 0 5 170 80 90
Korean 25 10 15 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 190 75 115
Mongolian 0 0 0 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 690 330 355 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 25 15 10 1,200 655 545
Edo 0 0 0 75 45 30
Ewe 15 5 10 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 50 25 25 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 0 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 0 0 0 120 70 50
Lingala 100 55 50 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 95 45 50 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 85 35 45 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 0 0 0 85 45 40
Swahili 80 35 45 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 65 30 35 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 5 5 5 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 15 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 335 170 165
Sign languages 90 55 35 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 0 0 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 55 30 20 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 20 15 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 435 205 225 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 430 205 225 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 65 35 30 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 0 0 0 470 215 260
Mandarin 295 140 155 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 10 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 20 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Burmese 0 0 0 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 150 70 80 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 135 65 70 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 15 5 10 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 215 120 95 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 290 160 130
Turkish 215 115 95 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 0 0 0 205 100 105
Uzbek 0 0 0 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 80 105
Uralic languages 90 50 40 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 5 0 5 195 75 120
Finnish 5 0 0 360 125 240
Hungarian 80 50 35 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 685 385 300
Multiple responses 5,945 3,010 2,935 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 2,835 1,415 1,420 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 300 170 135 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 2,430 1,225 1,205 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 385 205 180 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 490,285 243,665 246,620 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 480,710 238,915 241,800 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 470,950 234,180 236,770 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 8,790 4,440 4,345 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 462,165 229,740 232,425 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 9,760 4,730 5,030 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 2,080 1,025 1,055 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 2,080 1,030 1,055 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,075 1,025 1,050 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 2,075 1,030 1,045 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,680 3,700 3,975 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,065 530 535 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 250 125 135 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 135 60 75 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 810 410 400 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 0 0 0 340 150 185
Arabic 810 410 400 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 190 95 100 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 55 55 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 85 40 40 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 30 25 10 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 130 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 740 305 435
Malagasy 15 5 5 360 185 170
Malay 0 0 0 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 15 0 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 75 35 35
Creole languages 1,015 395 630 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 50 20 30 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 950 360 590 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 5 5 0 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 0 0 0 150 85 65
Malayalam 0 0 0 200 100 100
Tamil 10 5 5 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 0 0 0 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 4,545 2,255 2,290 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 40 25 20 1,615 795 820
Armenian 10 5 10 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 410 200 210 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 0 0 0 190 80 105
Latvian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 0 0 0 115 40 70
Slavic languages 410 200 210 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 5 0 0 965 475 495
Bulgarian 45 25 25 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 5 0 0 1,015 475 545
Czech 10 5 10 460 220 240
Macedonian 5 5 0 130 65 65
Polish 115 55 65 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 160 75 80 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 15 5 10 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 960 470 490
Slovak 10 5 5 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 225 95 135
Ukrainian 20 5 15 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 35 20 15 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 0 5 0 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 30 15 10 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 0 0 5 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 85 45 40 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 195 95 100 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 125 60 65 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 10 5 5 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 0 0 0 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 5 0 5 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 80 40 40
Nepali 85 40 45 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 15 10 5 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 0 0 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 0 365 185 180
Urdu 15 5 5 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 65 35 30 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 15 10 5 510 280 235
Pashto 0 0 0 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 50 25 25 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 3,770 1,865 1,900 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 0 0 0 110 50 60
Italian 385 200 180 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 260 120 140 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 465 230 235 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 2,660 1,310 1,345 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 10 5 5 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 10 5 5 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 145 65 80 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 445 215 235
Bamanankan 0 0 0 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 10 5 5 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 15 25 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 25 10 10 1,100 535 565
Wolof 10 5 5 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 5 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 130 65 65
Sign languages 110 60 50 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 0 0 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 50 30 25 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 35 25 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 300 150 145 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 300 155 145 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 30 15 20 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 0 0 0 155 75 80
Mandarin 230 120 115 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 10 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 215 115 100
Burmese 0 0 0 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 75 35 45 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 70 35 40 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 5 0 5 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 150 70 80 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 100 50 55
Turkish 150 75 80 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 0 0 0 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Uralic languages 15 15 10 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 5 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 20 10 5 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 90 60
Multiple responses 9,575 4,750 4,825 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 3,110 1,605 1,505 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 360 175 180 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 5,130 2,465 2,670 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 985 515 470 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 490,290 243,665 246,625 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 449,920 223,135 226,780 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 20,440 10,735 9,705 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 7,945 3,910 4,035 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 10,130 4,945 5,185 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 125 70 55 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 10,000 4,875 5,125 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 370 185 190 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 1,100 545 555 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 370 200 175 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 15 10 5 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 400,015 198,115 201,900 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 385,300 191,565 193,735 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,033 39,969 28,385 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 385,415 191,570 193,845 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,263 34,683 25,940 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 341,400 174,845 166,555 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,665 37,099 24,812 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 295,540 137,055 158,490 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,848 7,038 8,458 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 280,405 146,745 133,655 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,278 37,947 27,315 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 400,015 198,085 201,930 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 385,280 191,520 193,765 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,842 47,081 34,676 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 385,390 191,530 193,860 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,923 38,257 29,642 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 341,670 175,085 166,585 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,280 44,892 31,329 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 294,990 137,105 157,880 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,006 8,438 9,499 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 280,400 146,850 133,550 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,776 44,128 32,891 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 400,015 198,085 201,930 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 122,835 66,800 56,035 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,540 52,682 40,873 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 52,886 58,873 45,748 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.1 87.3 77.6 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.0 71.8 65.2 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.9 12.7 22.4 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 400,015 198,120 201,895 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 14,715 6,555 8,160 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 385,300 191,560 193,740 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.7 96.0 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 44,115 18,475 25,645 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 68,845 26,155 42,690 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 58,615 25,600 33,025 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 52,885 25,640 27,245 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 47,155 24,205 22,945 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 34,580 19,475 15,100 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 24,560 15,125 9,435 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 18,985 11,740 7,245 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 11,985 7,770 4,210 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 7,285 5,145 2,140 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 16,290 12,230 4,060 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 12,005 8,905 3,095 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 4,290 3,325 965 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 400,015 198,115 201,900 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 14,595 6,545 8,055 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 385,415 191,575 193,845 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 96.4 96.7 96.0 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,255 18,950 27,305 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 72,615 27,980 44,635 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 72,020 32,355 39,665 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 68,200 34,940 33,255 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 50,850 28,450 22,395 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 32,955 20,170 12,790 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 19,965 12,470 7,495 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 9,545 6,570 2,970 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 13,015 9,690 3,325 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 4,890 3,520 1,370 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 2,580 1,950 625 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 5,545 4,215 1,325 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 400,015 198,115 201,895 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 119,610 51,370 68,245 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 280,400 146,745 133,655 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 70.1 74.1 66.2 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 34,630 18,070 16,555 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 20,775 8,900 11,875 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 41,315 17,485 23,830 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 35,440 15,840 19,605 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 35,145 16,530 18,615 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 30,220 15,490 14,725 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 23,280 13,835 9,445 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 17,765 11,375 6,390 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 15,325 9,575 5,750 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 26,500 19,640 6,860 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 8,895 6,215 2,685 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 5,645 4,175 1,470 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 11,960 9,255 2,710 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 202,140 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,435 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,599 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 54,570 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,739 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,302 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 147,575 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 80,600 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 68,967 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 202,145 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,845 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,676 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 54,525 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,490 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,012 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 147,620 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,012 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,372 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 202,140 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,590 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,240 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,010 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,340 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,055 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 7,590 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,180 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,065 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,025 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,600 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 18,070 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 16,615 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,210 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,410 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,485 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 53,640 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 22,150 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,700 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 11,910 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,875 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 202,145 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,790 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,295 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,075 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 8,830 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,150 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,280 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 12,620 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,245 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,200 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,850 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 21,995 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,550 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 16,320 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,855 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 11,280 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 32,805 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 18,125 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 8,045 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 6,635 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 143,660 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,645 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,931 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 58,210 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,514 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 58,942 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 59,495 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,696 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,864 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 22,565 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,652 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,363 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 143,695 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,153 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,395 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 58,110 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,559 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,784 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 59,580 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,928 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,068 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 22,575 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,425 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,396 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 66,865 34,405 32,460 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,424 34,118 26,946 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,526 30,052 25,196 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 66,515 33,850 32,665 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,492 40,774 34,090 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,514 33,516 29,439 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 486,290 242,335 243,950 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 271,855 132,290 139,565 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 34,970 17,165 17,805 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 50,355 22,870 27,480 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 60,660 29,610 31,055 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 63,460 31,385 32,075 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 62,415 31,265 31,155 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 214,430 110,040 104,390 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 60,780 31,045 29,735 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 55,445 28,290 27,155 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 46,440 23,905 22,540 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 33,045 17,070 15,975 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 18,720 9,740 8,980 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 484,225 241,295 242,935 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 101,895 52,140 49,755 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 33,630 17,245 16,390 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 305,125 151,965 153,160 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 77,210 37,190 40,020 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 56,705 26,280 30,425 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 12,225 6,315 5,905 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 3,740 1,935 1,800 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 31,705 15,105 16,605 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 12,780 4,860 7,915 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.7 10.9 12.5 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 12.0 12.1 11.9 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 11.1 11.2 11.0 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 10.4 9.9 10.8 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 16.6 13.1 19.8 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 27,645 13,560 14,085 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 5,375 2,825 2,550 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 1,580 830 750 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 19,190 9,765 9,430 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 3,085 980 2,105 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.7 5.6 5.8 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 5.3 5.4 5.1 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 4.7 4.8 4.6 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.3 6.4 6.2 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 4.0 2.6 5.3 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 486,285 242,335 243,950 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 485,190 241,910 243,285 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 176,885 96,305 80,575 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 483,450 241,035 242,420 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 43,525 20,975 22,550 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 2,395 1,170 1,225 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 2,385 1,160 1,225 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,375 1,155 1,220 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 2,355 1,155 1,200 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 25 0 15 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 0 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 10 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 0 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 41,130 19,810 21,325 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,160 2,725 2,435 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 940 490 455 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 300 160 135 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 645 325 320 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 0 0 0 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 4,635 2,445 2,190 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 0 0 0 1,145 540 600
Arabic 4,595 2,415 2,180 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 40 30 15 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 0 0 0 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 550 260 295 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 250 130 115 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 310 125 190 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 120 35 90 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 20 0 20 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 540 195 350
Ilocano 0 0 0 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 15 0 15 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 20 10 10 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 10 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 80 15 60 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 540 270 275
Creole languages 8,240 3,755 4,485 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 340 150 180 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 7,840 3,560 4,285 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 25 10 15 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 0 0 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 0 0 0 510 285 220
Tamil 25 10 10 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 0 0 0 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 24,750 11,995 12,755 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 95 50 40 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 45 35 10 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 1,310 635 675 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 10 0 10 1,080 500 585
Latvian 0 0 0 335 150 185
Lithuanian 0 0 0 755 350 410
Slavic languages 1,305 635 670 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 365 150 215
Bosnian 10 0 0 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 90 45 40 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 35 20 10 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 30 0 20 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 10 0 0 285 140 145
Polish 405 220 180 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 595 280 320 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 50 35 15 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 45 15 30 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 20 10 20 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 10 10 970 490 480
Ukrainian 110 45 65 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 150 75 75
Celtic languages 10 0 10 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 265 175 95
Germanic languages 915 500 420 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 0 0 0 415 260 150
Danish 0 10 0 835 410 420
Dutch 110 55 55 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 760 405 350 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 0 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 10 10 10 510 255 255
Swedish 25 20 0 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 20 10 760 265 495
Yiddish 0 0 0 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 270 125 140
Greek 385 220 170 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 420 210 210 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 210 105 105 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 0 0 10 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 15 0 10 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 35 15 25 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 0 150 70 75
Marathi 0 0 0 475 240 230
Nepali 85 30 55 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 15 10 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 10 10 10 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 0 1,335 625 710
Urdu 50 40 15 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 210 105 105 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 45 20 20 1,255 665 590
Pashto 0 0 0 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 165 85 80 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 22,055 10,585 11,465 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 10 0 0 890 525 365
Italian 5,285 2,950 2,340 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 1,755 900 850 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 825 410 415 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 15,140 6,795 8,340 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 490 345 145
Japanese 90 45 45 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 220 110 110
Georgian 0 0 0 215 105 110
Korean 35 10 25 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 0 0 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 1,195 585 610 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 20 15 0 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 15 15 0 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 0 0 0 190 95 95
Ewe 25 10 15 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 10 20 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 0 10 0 315 155 160
Ganda 0 0 0 90 40 55
Igbo 0 0 0 275 190 90
Lingala 455 210 245 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 135 60 75 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 55 20 35 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 235 115 120 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 115 45 65 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 20 10 0 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 315 180 135 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 345 350
Sign languages 570 270 300 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 10 0 0 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 330 150 170 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 240 115 125 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 510 250 260 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 510 245 265 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 135 60 70 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 0 0 0 545 240 310
Mandarin 415 200 210 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 15 10 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 10 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 430 235 195
Burmese 0 0 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 335 165 170 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 315 155 155 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 50 15 30 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 265 140 125 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 510 275 235
Turkish 265 140 125 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 0 0 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 115 120
Uralic languages 125 70 60 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 0 0 10 150 55 95
Finnish 10 0 0 500 195 305
Hungarian 115 60 55 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 486,285 242,335 243,955 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 480,655 239,535 241,120 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 102,085 52,155 49,925 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 378,565 187,380 191,195 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,630 2,800 2,835 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 486,285 242,335 243,955 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 459,585 229,100 230,490 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 25,955 12,800 13,160 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 5,630 3,070 2,555 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 3,440 1,715 1,725 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 5,155 2,420 2,730 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 9,070 4,285 4,780 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 4,655 2,200 2,455 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 4,415 2,095 2,320 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,665 1,310 1,365 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 745 435 305 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 25,955 12,805 13,155 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 3,555 1,640 1,920 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 4,925 2,395 2,530 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 5,210 2,530 2,670 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 10,860 5,650 5,210 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 1,405 585 825 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 25,955 12,805 13,155 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 10,635 4,840 5,795 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 80 35 40 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 760 325 435 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 350 165 190 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 0 0 10 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 5,800 2,560 3,240 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 30 15 10 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 395 140 255 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 550 255 295 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 25 0 15 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 725 350 375 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 1,925 990 940 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 7,270 4,050 3,215 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 15 20 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 20 10 10 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 2,760 1,535 1,225 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 215 100 115 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 95 70 20 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 35 20 10 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 820 485 330
Italy 1,110 750 365 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 35 20 20 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 240 140 105 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 630 350 280 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 570 265 305 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 140 55 85 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 30 20 0 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 85 30 60 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 110 65 45 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 1,150 595 555 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 5,495 2,820 2,675 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 1,705 910 795 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 140 80 65 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 10 0 10 995 495 495
Kenya 0 0 0 785 355 430
Morocco 1,570 815 755 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 15 10 0 1,340 740 600
Somalia 0 0 0 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 0 10 0 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 2,060 1,005 1,055 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 2,535 1,070 1,460 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 35 15 25 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 0 0 0 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 670 130 545 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 10 10 0 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 40 15 20 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 75 55 15 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 10 10 0 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 15 10 10 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 60 45 20 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 290 170 125 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 40 25 15 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 90 25 70 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 20 10 15 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 95 60 30 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 20 10 15 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 250 125 135 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 810 390 425 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 30 20 10 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,670 1,305 1,365 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 1,370 670 700 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 0 0 0 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 205 80 125 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 120 55 60 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 695 335 355 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 20 15 10 190 140 55
Mexico 55 20 40 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 50 40 10 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 210 120 90 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 335 200 140 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 245 150 100 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 10 10 0 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 0 0 10 2,945 1,260 1,685