Census Profile, 2016 Census
Saguenay--Lac-Saint-Jean [Economic region], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saguenay--Lac-Saint-Jean
Quebec
[Economic region]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Saguenay--Lac-Saint-Jean [Economic region], Quebec  Map : Saguenay--Lac-Saint-Jean [Economic region], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 276,368 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 274,880 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.5 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 135,684 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 122,794 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2.8 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 98,712.71 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 276,370 137,965 138,405 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 42,590 21,685 20,905 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 14,025 7,230 6,795 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 15,015 7,605 7,415 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 13,550 6,855 6,695 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 176,200 89,700 86,500 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 13,645 7,015 6,635 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 14,845 7,655 7,190 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 14,485 7,435 7,045 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 16,115 8,365 7,755 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 17,215 8,900 8,320 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 14,580 7,435 7,140 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 14,660 7,395 7,265 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 21,765 10,870 10,895 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 25,715 12,780 12,930 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 23,170 11,855 11,315 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 57,575 26,575 31,000 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 19,250 9,660 9,590 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 14,475 7,015 7,465 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 9,935 4,525 5,415 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 7,270 3,075 4,200 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 6,640 2,310 4,335 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 4,460 1,655 2,810 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 1,795 580 1,215 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 335 65 275 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 45 15 35 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.4 15.7 15.1 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 63.8 65.0 62.5 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 20.8 19.3 22.4 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.1 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 44.0 43.1 44.8 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 46.6 45.3 48.0 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 122,795 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 69,205 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,235 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 51,110 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 8,060 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 2,240 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 14,415 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 25,720 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 685 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,240 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 122,790 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 39,415 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 48,310 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 15,735 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 13,165 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 6,165 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 268,870 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 233,780 116,275 117,500 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 142,400 71,100 71,300 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 82,505 41,250 41,250 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 59,895 29,850 30,045 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 91,375 45,175 46,205 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 58,230 33,315 24,915 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 2,940 1,455 1,490 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 15,175 6,845 8,335 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 15,035 3,570 11,465 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 80,750 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 47,630 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 14,965 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 12,720 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,425 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 80,750 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 70,000 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 40,075 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 29,925 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 10,750 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 7,755 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 2,995 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 70,000 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 40,945 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 29,055 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 11,825 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 11,945 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 5,285 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 10,750 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 6,685 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 3,140 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 920 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 49,245 25,530 23,715 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 122,795 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 79,705 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 40,430 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 39,275 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 520 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 42,570 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 39,420 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,150 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 272,900 136,595 136,305 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 320 160 155 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 220,780 105,690 115,090 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 51,700 30,680 21,020 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 100 60 40 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 272,900 136,595 136,300 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 1,800 955 845 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 270,680 135,420 135,260 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 340 175 165 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 80 50 30 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,970 1,040 930 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.7 0.8 0.7 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 272,900 136,595 136,300 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 271,925 136,090 135,830 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 269,990 135,105 134,890 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 1,710 920 790 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 268,285 134,185 134,095 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 1,925 985 945 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 440 210 230 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 425 210 220 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 420 210 220 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 205 105 100 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 210 95 115 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 5 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 5 0 0 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 5 0 5 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 10 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 0 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,490 770 715 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 260 165 95 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 30 20 10 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 15 10 5 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 0 0 0 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 230 145 85 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 5 0 0 745 340 405
Arabic 220 145 80 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 0 5 0 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 5 25 10 15
Tigrigna 0 0 0 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 20 25 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 40 15 25 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 40 15 30 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 0 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 10 0 10 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 410 125 275
Ilocano 0 0 5 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 15 5 10 1,250 590 660
Malay 0 0 0 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 205 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 5 10 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 320 140 180
Creole languages 60 30 30 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 25 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 5 5 0 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 0 0 0 240 130 110
Malayalam 5 5 5 440 235 205
Tamil 0 0 5 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 0 0 0 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 730 350 385 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 0 0 0 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 5 0 5 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 95 40 55 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 0 0 0 850 335 515
Latvian 0 0 0 290 120 175
Lithuanian 0 0 0 555 215 340
Slavic languages 95 35 60 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 0 0 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 5 0 5 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 0 0 0 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 5 5 5 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 0 0 0 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 0 0 0 205 105 95
Polish 25 5 15 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 25 10 15 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 15 10 5 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 1,805 865 940
Slovak 5 0 0 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 755 350 405
Ukrainian 5 0 5 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 175 90 85
Celtic languages 0 0 0 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 55 30
Germanic languages 75 35 40 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 0 0 0 125 60 65
Danish 5 0 0 395 190 200
Dutch 15 10 10 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 55 25 25 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 0 0 5 200 100 100
Swedish 0 0 0 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 540 240 300
Yiddish 0 0 0 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 175 100 75
Greek 10 5 5 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 30 15 15 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 15 10 5 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 5 10 0 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 0 0 0 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 0 0 0 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 0 0 0 110 60 55
Marathi 0 0 0 255 145 110
Nepali 0 0 0 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 0 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 0 0 0 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 645 310 330
Urdu 0 0 0 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 20 5 10 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 0 0 0 985 550 430
Pashto 0 0 0 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 15 5 10 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 515 250 270 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 0 0 0 320 170 150
Italian 65 40 20 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 55 20 35 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 25 15 10 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 370 170 205 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 125 75 50
Japanese 5 5 0 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 170 80 85
Georgian 0 0 0 170 80 90
Korean 5 0 0 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 190 75 115
Mongolian 0 0 0 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 140 80 60 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 10 5 5 1,200 655 545
Edo 0 0 0 75 45 30
Ewe 10 5 5 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 0 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 0 0 0 120 70 50
Lingala 5 5 5 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 0 0 0 85 45 40
Swahili 5 10 5 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 25 10 15 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 0 0 0 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 170 165
Sign languages 35 20 15 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 0 0 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 0 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 105 55 50 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 105 60 50 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 10 5 5 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 0 0 0 470 215 260
Mandarin 80 45 35 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 5 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Burmese 0 0 0 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 10 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 10 0 0 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 10 5 5 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 5 5 5 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 290 160 130
Turkish 10 0 5 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 0 0 0 205 100 105
Uzbek 0 0 0 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 80 105
Uralic languages 25 20 10 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 0 0 0 195 75 120
Finnish 5 5 0 360 125 240
Hungarian 20 15 5 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 685 385 300
Multiple responses 980 505 470 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 655 340 315 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 20 10 10 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 285 145 140 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 20 10 5 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 272,895 136,595 136,305 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 271,775 136,015 135,765 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 271,065 135,655 135,410 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 1,175 625 550 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 269,895 135,030 134,865 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 710 365 350 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 180 90 85 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 170 85 80 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 170 85 85 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 95 50 40 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 80 35 45 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 5 5 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 5 0 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 530 270 260 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 75 35 40 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 10 5 5 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 10 5 5 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 65 35 35 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 0 0 0 340 150 185
Arabic 65 30 35 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 15 10 10 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 15 5 10 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 10 5 5 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 130 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 740 305 435
Malagasy 5 5 0 360 185 170
Malay 0 0 0 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 0 0 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Creole languages 10 5 5 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 0 0 0 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 0 0 0 150 85 65
Malayalam 0 0 0 200 100 100
Tamil 0 0 0 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 0 0 0 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 295 145 155 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 0 0 0 1,615 795 820
Armenian 0 5 0 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 30 15 10 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 0 0 0 190 80 105
Latvian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 0 0 0 115 40 70
Slavic languages 30 15 15 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 5 0 0 965 475 495
Bulgarian 0 0 0 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 0 0 0 1,015 475 545
Czech 0 0 0 460 220 240
Macedonian 0 0 0 130 65 65
Polish 0 0 0 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 10 10 0 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 5 5 5 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 960 470 490
Slovak 0 0 0 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 225 95 135
Ukrainian 0 0 0 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 15 5 10 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 10 0 5 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 5 5 5 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 10 5 5
Greek 5 0 0 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 15 5 10 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 10 5 0 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 0 5 0 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 0 0 0 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 0 0 0 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 80 40 40
Nepali 0 0 0 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 0 5 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 0 0 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 365 185 180
Urdu 0 0 0 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 10 5 0 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 0 0 0 510 280 235
Pashto 0 0 0 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 10 5 0 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 230 110 120 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 0 0 0 110 50 60
Italian 0 0 0 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 15 5 5 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 5 0 5 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 205 95 110 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 0 0 0 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 0 0 0 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 5 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 445 215 235
Bamanankan 0 0 0 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 0 0 0 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 0 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 0 0 0 1,100 535 565
Wolof 0 0 0 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 65 65
Sign languages 45 30 15 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 0 0 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 25 10 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 60 35 20 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 55 35 20 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 5 0 0 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 0 0 0 155 75 80
Mandarin 50 30 20 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 0 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 215 115 100
Burmese 0 0 0 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 0 5 0 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 5 5 0 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 0 0 0 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 0 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 100 50 55
Turkish 0 0 5 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 0 0 0 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Uralic languages 5 0 0 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 0 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 5 0 0 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 90 60
Multiple responses 1,120 580 540 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 565 320 245 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 15 5 5 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 475 215 265 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 75 40 30 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 272,900 136,595 136,305 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 264,980 132,185 132,795 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 5,850 3,400 2,455 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 845 425 420 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 1,045 500 545 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 255 115 140 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 790 385 405 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 35 15 15 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 130 70 60 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 15 10 10 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 226,365 113,510 112,860 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 219,645 110,905 108,735 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,306 40,495 24,585 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 219,780 110,905 108,870 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,903 35,156 22,914 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 191,610 100,830 90,780 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,514 36,119 21,390 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 173,680 83,325 90,350 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,693 8,651 8,778 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 153,695 84,370 69,325 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,752 35,089 23,286 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 226,370 113,510 112,860 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 219,565 110,865 108,700 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,565 47,415 31,558 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 219,700 110,865 108,835 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,062 38,834 27,182 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 191,840 101,065 90,780 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,766 44,377 28,292 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 173,205 82,855 90,350 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,432 9,312 9,542 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 153,695 84,465 69,230 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,731 42,288 29,951 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 226,370 113,510 112,860 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 63,535 36,045 27,490 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 46,220 53,149 38,542 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 53,602 60,760 44,216 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 81.2 85.3 75.0 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 64.9 67.6 60.7 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 18.8 14.7 25.0 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 226,365 113,505 112,860 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 6,725 2,600 4,120 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 219,645 110,910 108,740 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 97.0 97.7 96.3 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 26,020 9,260 16,760 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 42,720 15,450 27,275 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 34,100 14,400 19,695 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 30,280 15,545 14,740 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 26,985 15,630 11,355 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 19,115 12,225 6,885 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 12,245 8,205 4,050 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 8,890 5,495 3,395 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 5,270 3,540 1,730 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 4,025 3,110 910 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 10,000 8,045 1,950 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 7,595 6,230 1,360 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 2,410 1,820 590 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 226,370 113,510 112,860 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 6,590 2,600 3,990 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 219,780 110,905 108,870 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 97.1 97.7 96.5 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 27,580 9,435 18,145 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 44,550 16,300 28,255 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 41,980 18,810 23,170 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 38,620 21,410 17,205 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 27,855 17,610 10,245 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 16,030 10,445 5,585 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 9,425 6,110 3,310 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 5,820 4,550 1,275 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 7,910 6,230 1,685 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 3,085 2,520 570 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 1,565 1,245 315 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 3,260 2,470 795 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 226,365 113,510 112,860 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 72,675 29,140 43,535 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 153,700 84,370 69,325 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 67.9 74.3 61.4 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 22,920 13,180 9,735 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 12,395 5,175 7,220 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 23,430 9,735 13,695 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 20,455 9,210 11,245 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 18,710 9,740 8,965 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 15,120 8,980 6,140 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 10,960 7,110 3,850 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 8,005 5,360 2,640 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 6,955 4,205 2,745 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 14,745 11,675 3,080 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 3,940 2,835 1,100 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 3,200 2,555 645 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 7,610 6,280 1,330 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 122,790 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 58,078 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 50,900 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 39,420 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,564 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,192 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 83,380 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,071 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 64,704 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 122,795 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,744 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,154 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 39,380 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,900 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,519 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 83,415 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,194 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,673 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 122,795 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 905 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,800 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,545 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 6,995 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 6,415 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 5,360 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 7,185 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,490 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,335 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,115 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 11,430 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 10,245 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 8,580 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,420 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 6,250 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 26,710 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 11,390 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,770 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,670 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,880 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 122,795 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 965 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,840 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,570 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,325 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 7,285 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 6,610 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,640 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 7,955 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 7,475 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 7,470 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 13,400 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 11,245 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 9,245 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 7,315 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,705 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,745 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 8,770 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,790 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,190 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 81,155 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,519 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 65,013 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 39,835 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,021 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 56,473 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 29,175 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 104,370 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,107 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 10,495 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,513 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,414 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 81,230 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,673 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,983 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 39,800 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,306 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,640 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 29,155 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,485 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,906 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 10,495 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,107 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,108 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 45,475 23,775 21,705 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,042 32,377 22,967 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,115 28,667 22,269 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 45,165 23,525 21,640 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,656 38,444 30,538 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,565 31,995 26,924 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 268,875 135,145 133,730 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 159,730 78,385 81,340 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 20,935 10,060 10,875 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 31,205 13,945 17,265 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 34,285 16,865 17,420 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 37,370 18,955 18,415 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 35,935 18,565 17,375 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 109,145 56,755 52,380 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 32,415 16,740 15,670 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 27,955 14,505 13,445 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 22,355 11,585 10,780 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 16,415 8,680 7,735 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 10,005 5,250 4,750 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 266,930 134,175 132,760 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 49,855 25,480 24,380 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 16,815 8,655 8,165 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 165,665 84,085 81,585 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 51,410 24,605 26,800 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 36,145 16,280 19,865 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 5,545 2,875 2,665 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 1,765 930 835 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 19,880 9,375 10,500 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 10,725 4,025 6,700 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.5 12.1 15.0 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 11.1 11.3 10.9 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 10.5 10.7 10.2 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 12.0 11.1 12.9 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 20.9 16.4 25.0 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 14,210 7,165 7,045 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 1,920 1,040 880 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 625 335 290 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 11,430 5,800 5,625 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 860 325 535 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.3 5.3 5.3 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 3.9 4.1 3.6 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 3.7 3.9 3.6 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.9 6.9 6.9 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.3 2.0 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 268,870 135,145 133,730 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 268,785 135,100 133,685 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 51,585 30,525 21,055 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 268,485 134,935 133,545 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 6,620 2,955 3,670 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 600 305 300 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 580 290 290 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 580 290 290 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 200 110 90 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 370 175 200 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 0 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 10 10 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 0 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 10 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,015 2,650 3,370 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 385 230 155 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 25 15 10 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 15 10 0 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 0 0 0 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 380 230 150 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 0 0 0 1,145 540 600
Arabic 375 230 145 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 0 0 0 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 60 35 25 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 20 10 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 30 20 15 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 90 35 50 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 10 0 10 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 540 195 350
Ilocano 10 0 10 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 15 10 0 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 10 0 10 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 55 20 35 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 10 540 270 275
Creole languages 110 60 50 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 105 60 50 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 10 0 0 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 0 0 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 0 0 0 510 285 220
Tamil 10 0 0 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 0 0 0 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 4,765 2,010 2,755 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 0 0 0 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 15 15 0 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 190 100 90 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,080 500 585
Latvian 0 0 0 335 150 185
Lithuanian 0 0 0 755 350 410
Slavic languages 190 100 90 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 365 150 215
Bosnian 10 0 0 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 0 0 0 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 20 10 10 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 10 10 0 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 0 0 0 285 140 145
Polish 70 25 40 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 60 40 15 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 15 0 10 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 0 0 0 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 970 490 480
Ukrainian 20 10 10 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 75 75
Celtic languages 0 0 0 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 175 95
Germanic languages 420 210 215 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 0 0 0 415 260 150
Danish 0 0 0 835 410 420
Dutch 35 10 25 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 360 185 175 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 0 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 20 10 10 510 255 255
Swedish 10 0 10 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 760 265 495
Yiddish 0 0 0 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 270 125 140
Greek 20 10 10 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 100 50 55 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 50 25 30 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 10 10 0 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 0 0 0 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 10 10 0 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 0 150 70 75
Marathi 0 0 0 475 240 230
Nepali 0 0 0 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 15 20 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 0 0 0 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 1,335 625 710
Urdu 0 0 0 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 50 20 30 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,255 665 590
Pashto 0 0 0 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 50 20 25 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 4,180 1,705 2,475 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 0 0 0 890 525 365
Italian 260 130 135 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 135 60 75 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 25 10 15 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 3,875 1,550 2,325 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 490 345 145
Japanese 40 15 25 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 220 110 110
Georgian 0 0 0 215 105 110
Korean 15 10 10 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 0 0 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 225 135 95 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 0 0 0 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 0 0 0 190 95 95
Ewe 30 15 20 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 0 0 0 315 155 160
Ganda 0 0 0 90 40 55
Igbo 0 0 0 275 190 90
Lingala 45 30 15 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 15 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 0 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 20 15 0 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 50 25 25 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 80 45 30 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 0 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 695 345 350
Sign languages 175 65 105 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 0 0 0 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 105 30 70 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 80 40 35 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 145 65 80 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 145 60 80 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 20 0 15 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 0 0 0 545 240 310
Mandarin 125 50 70 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 0 0 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 430 235 195
Burmese 0 0 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 45 0 45 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 10 0 10 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 40 0 35 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 45 30 10 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 510 275 235
Turkish 40 30 10 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 0 0 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 115 120
Uralic languages 35 20 20 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 0 0 0 150 55 95
Finnish 10 0 10 500 195 305
Hungarian 25 15 10 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 268,870 135,145 133,725 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 267,160 134,240 132,925 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 50,025 25,790 24,230 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 217,140 108,450 108,695 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,710 905 805 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 268,870 135,140 133,730 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 265,140 133,290 131,850 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,965 1,400 1,560 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 460 285 175 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 270 120 155 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 545 250 295 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 1,065 435 630 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 435 170 265 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 630 265 365 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 625 310 315 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 770 455 310 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,965 1,400 1,565 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 780 275 505 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 365 180 180 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 375 180 195 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 1,365 710 660 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 80 55 25 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,965 1,400 1,565 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 540 235 300 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 20 10 10 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 90 40 50 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 0 0 0 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 10 0 10 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 145 65 80 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 0 0 0 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 85 25 55 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 30 15 20 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 10 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 70 50 25 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 80 30 55 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 1,150 630 515 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 25 10 15 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 10 0 0 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 575 305 275 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 65 40 25 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 0 0 0 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 15 10 10 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 0 0 820 485 330
Italy 75 55 20 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 0 0 0 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 30 15 25 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 25 0 20 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 45 25 25 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 20 10 15 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 0 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 25 20 0 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 25 20 10 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 195 120 75 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 565 325 235 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 120 75 45 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 20 15 10 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 0 0 0 995 495 495
Kenya 0 0 0 785 355 430
Morocco 95 60 35 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 0 0 0 1,340 740 600
Somalia 0 0 0 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 325 180 150 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 695 200 500 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 0 0 0 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 0 0 0 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 335 35 300 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 0 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 50 25 30 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 40 20 20 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 0 0 0 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 0 0 0 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 30 25 10 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 10 0 0 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 0 0 0 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 55 15 35 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 0 0 0 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 20 0 10 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 10 0 0 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 55 30 30 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 90 35 55 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 10 0 10 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 625 310 310 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 100 40 65 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 0 0 0 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 15 0 10 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 10 0 10 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 10 10 0 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 0 0 0 190 140 55
Mexico 50 20 30 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 0 10 0 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 10 0 10 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 190 110 80 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 170 95 75 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 0 0 0 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 10 0 0 2,945 1,260 1,685
Russian Federation