Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa [Economic region], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa
Ontario
[Economic region]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Ottawa [Economic region], Ontario  Map : Ottawa [Economic region], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,306,249 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,244,909 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.9 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 564,144 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 528,303 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 89.9 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 14,523.17 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,306,250 636,060 670,185 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 212,825 108,335 104,490 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 66,855 33,960 32,895 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 73,325 37,365 35,960 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 72,650 37,010 35,635 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 870,635 426,940 443,690 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 77,855 39,645 38,210 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 88,135 44,735 43,400 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 82,255 40,915 41,340 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 80,635 39,395 41,240 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 78,700 37,620 41,080 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 84,245 40,225 44,025 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 90,310 43,900 46,415 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 104,995 51,625 53,370 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 98,890 48,080 50,805 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 84,610 40,800 43,805 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 222,790 100,785 122,005 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 74,925 36,000 38,925 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 53,270 25,350 27,925 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 38,050 17,540 20,510 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 27,315 11,930 15,390 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 29,230 9,970 19,260 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 17,590 6,670 10,925 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 8,925 2,720 6,205 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 2,390 545 1,845 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 325 35 290 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.0 15.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 66.7 67.1 66.2 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 17.1 15.8 18.2 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.9 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.3 40.3 42.1 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 42.0 40.9 42.9 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 528,300 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 272,360 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 70,860 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 182,795 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 28,680 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 84,710 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 11,760 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 56,555 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,085 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,295 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 528,305 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 146,030 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 186,755 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 80,655 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 74,420 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 40,440 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,280,925 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,093,420 527,725 565,695 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 632,850 316,200 316,645 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 523,310 261,195 262,115 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 109,535 55,010 54,530 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 460,575 211,525 249,050 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 305,850 161,735 144,115 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 30,515 12,830 17,690 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 64,970 24,770 40,200 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 59,245 12,195 47,045 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 367,185 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 188,495 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 76,545 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 71,525 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,615 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 367,190 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 309,715 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 254,970 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 54,740 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 57,470 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 45,205 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 12,265 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 309,715 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 154,190 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 155,525 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 59,985 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 66,800 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 28,740 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 57,470 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 34,305 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 16,560 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 6,600 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 223,895 104,115 119,775 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 528,305 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 351,225 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 147,595 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 203,625 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,860 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 169,220 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 146,030 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 23,185 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,290,265 629,570 660,695 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 780,650 394,930 385,725 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 24,230 10,370 13,860 1,110 530 580
English and French 471,105 218,615 252,490 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 14,285 5,660 8,625 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,290,260 629,565 660,695 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 1,029,820 508,530 521,290 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 223,430 104,590 118,845 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 23,115 10,975 12,145 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 13,900 5,470 8,425 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 234,985 110,075 124,910 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 18.2 17.5 18.9 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,290,265 629,570 660,695 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 1,251,055 610,960 640,100 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 1,036,580 509,710 526,870 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 825,155 410,215 414,935 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 211,425 99,490 111,935 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 214,475 101,250 113,230 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 1,185 475 705 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 315 135 180 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 170 75 95 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 10 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 25 15 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 5 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 15 20 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 80 35 45 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 10 0 0 0
Malecite 5 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 20 5 15 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 120 45 75 70 25 40
Algonquin 25 10 20 0 0 0
Ojibway 85 35 55 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 10 0 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 375 130 240 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 340 120 220 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 470 200 270 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 460 200 260 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 5 5 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 213,300 100,770 112,525 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,975 22,550 22,425 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 380 200 180 95 55 35
Kabyle 250 130 120 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,875 3,785 1,355 675 680
Bilen 45 30 25 5 0 0
Oromo 220 125 95 165 95 75
Somali 6,305 2,685 3,620 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 10 5 5
Semitic languages 37,880 19,445 18,435 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 1,465 690 775 1,140 560 585
Arabic 34,870 17,995 16,875 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 30 40 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 440 240 195
Harari 60 30 30 25 10 15
Hebrew 370 195 170 1,770 960 805
Maltese 45 20 25 80 40 40
Tigrigna 910 440 470 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,230 3,315 3,915 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,110 490 620 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 6,110 2,820 3,285 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 8,180 2,925 5,255 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 30 10 25 310 140 170
Cebuano 395 125 270 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 115 35 75 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 585 230 355 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 60 30 30 15 0 10
Malay 420 170 250 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 635 290 345
Pangasinan 35 15 20 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,345 2,240 4,105 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 45 85 830 360 470
Creole languages 4,285 1,795 2,490 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 300 135 170 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 3,800 1,575 2,220 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 4,305 2,225 2,080 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 225 120 110 225 115 110
Malayalam 690 360 325 1,750 905 845
Tamil 2,880 1,470 1,410 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 495 270 225 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 97,310 46,485 50,825 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 665 330 335 1,090 560 530
Armenian 505 260 245 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 21,810 9,780 12,035 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 535 225 310 645 280 370
Latvian 295 130 165 320 145 175
Lithuanian 240 95 145 325 130 200
Slavic languages 21,280 9,555 11,720 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 40 20 20 60 30 30
Bosnian 615 280 335 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 875 410 465 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,075 495 575 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 1,070 490 585 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 65 30 40 250 120 135
Polish 6,075 2,735 3,345 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 6,390 2,780 3,605 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 1,800 860 935 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 525 255 270 1,145 545 600
Slovak 630 285 345 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 240 95 140 545 250 290
Ukrainian 1,835 795 1,035 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 15 180 90 90
Celtic languages 145 65 80 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 55 30 25 125 65 60
Welsh 65 25 40 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 65 40 25
Germanic languages 13,500 6,330 7,165 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 190 90 100 1,435 730 705
Danish 400 190 210 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 4,145 2,010 2,130 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 120 65 55 80 30 50
German 7,820 3,575 4,245 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 25 15 15 155 70 80
Norwegian 160 60 95 835 410 430
Swedish 310 155 155 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 120 55 65 200 105 95
Yiddish 190 105 80 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 25 20 15
Greek 2,540 1,350 1,195 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 28,465 14,365 14,100 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 19,615 9,910 9,705 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 3,380 1,685 1,695 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,615 845 770 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 2,940 1,505 1,440 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 25 10 10 40 25 15
Konkani 110 55 50 225 110 110
Marathi 300 150 145 535 280 255
Nepali 935 445 490 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 40 25 15 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,105 2,105 2,000 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 285 130 150 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 840 405 435 1,455 730 725
Urdu 5,040 2,550 2,495 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 8,745 4,395 4,355 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 660 345 315 1,650 875 780
Pashto 1,090 550 540 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 6,990 3,500 3,495 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 60 45 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 29,675 14,005 15,670 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 30 15 15 125 65 55
Italian 9,725 4,860 4,865 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 4,490 2,105 2,390 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 2,690 1,230 1,460 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 12,710 5,780 6,925 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 60 40 25
Japanese 1,055 320 735 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 35 10 20 65 40 25
Georgian 35 10 25 65 40 25
Korean 2,170 915 1,250 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 30 15 15 340 145 200
Mongolian 30 15 15 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 5,490 2,420 3,070 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 365 180 185 405 220 180
Bamanankan 80 30 45 10 10 5
Edo 35 15 20 80 45 30
Ewe 75 25 50 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 45 55 20 10 5
Ga 60 35 30 35 15 15
Ganda 125 60 65 65 35 30
Igbo 195 95 90 160 90 65
Lingala 340 125 210 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 850 365 485 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 655 235 420 105 45 55
Shona 115 45 70 150 70 85
Swahili 1,125 500 625 585 285 295
Wolof 80 40 45 30 10 20
Yoruba 245 130 115 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,055 495 555 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 170 265 135 135
Dinka 90 45 45 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 125 190 85 100
Sign languages 280 135 145 620 330 295
American Sign Language 95 35 55 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 15 10 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 165 90 80 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 32,610 15,125 17,485 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 31,795 14,730 17,065 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 10,370 4,875 5,490 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 165 65 95 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 18,895 8,700 10,195 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 50 25 25 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 740 320 420 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 450 205 245 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,110 525 585 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 225 120 110 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 325 155 165 770 370 400
Tibetan 95 50 45 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 735 255 485 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 360 165 200 800 405 400
Thai 375 90 285 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 1,705 870 835 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 125 70 55 495 275 225
Turkish 1,440 735 700 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 10 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 65 30 40 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 165 70 95
Uralic languages 2,440 1,185 1,260 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 185 95 90 455 195 260
Finnish 365 155 210 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,885 935 950 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 150 85 65 365 200 170
Multiple responses 39,205 18,610 20,595 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 16,445 7,785 8,660 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 16,205 7,825 8,385 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 4,000 1,825 2,175 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 2,550 1,175 1,375 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,290,260 629,570 660,695 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 1,226,575 599,570 627,000 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 1,122,855 550,665 572,190 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 972,475 480,455 492,020 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 150,380 70,210 80,170 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 103,715 48,910 54,810 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 355 150 200 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 75 35 40 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 25 35 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 5 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 5 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 15 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 5 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 135 55 80 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 115 50 75 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 135 60 75 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 135 55 75 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 103,365 48,755 54,610 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,940 11,985 12,950 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 225 110 110 40 20 20
Kabyle 185 90 95 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 3,855 1,580 2,275 695 315 380
Bilen 30 15 15 0 0 0
Oromo 130 70 60 80 40 35
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 30 5 5 5
Semitic languages 20,850 10,295 10,555 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 850 400 450 535 250 290
Arabic 19,365 9,585 9,780 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 305 160 145
Harari 20 10 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 135 75 55 785 400 385
Maltese 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 425 200 225 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,260 1,950 2,310 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 465 200 260 620 290 330
Vietnamese 3,790 1,750 2,045 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 3,425 1,430 1,995 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 125 50 70 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 45 15 25 355 150 205
Ilocano 230 110 120 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 20 10 5 5 5 0
Malay 125 50 70 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 10 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,820 1,160 1,660 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 15 5 10 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 260 130 130
Creole languages 1,865 765 1,105 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,645 665 980 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 2,185 1,090 1,095 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 80 40 35 95 45 50
Malayalam 290 150 140 885 450 435
Tamil 1,610 790 825 1,935 965 965
Telugu 195 105 90 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 39,895 18,945 20,950 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 305 145 160 530 255 270
Armenian 220 105 120 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 9,285 4,370 4,915 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 115 50 65 160 75 90
Latvian 65 25 40 65 30 35
Lithuanian 50 25 25 90 45 50
Slavic languages 9,165 4,320 4,845 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 20 10 10 10 5 5
Bosnian 315 155 155 540 270 270
Bulgarian 420 200 220 925 425 495
Croatian 335 155 185 1,795 840 955
Czech 260 130 135 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 15 5 5 120 60 60
Polish 2,110 975 1,135 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 3,710 1,735 1,980 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 1,040 520 525 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 100 435 205 235
Slovak 200 95 110 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 60 25 35
Ukrainian 520 240 280 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 10 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 1,600 770 835 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 55 25 30 520 250 265
Danish 30 10 15 180 90 90
Dutch 285 140 150 685 325 365
Frisian 5 5 0 5 5 0
German 1,135 535 600 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 15 5 10 75 35 35
Swedish 55 35 15 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 15 5 10 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 770 360 405 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 15,600 7,615 7,985 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 10,380 5,135 5,250 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 2,020 975 1,045 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 700 360 340 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 1,310 660 655 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 35 15 20 40 15 15
Marathi 115 50 65 245 125 120
Nepali 735 360 375 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,295 1,160 1,130 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 70 30 45 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 200 595 290 305
Urdu 2,690 1,325 1,370 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 5,195 2,465 2,725 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 375 195 180 1,025 515 505
Pashto 695 330 360 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 4,125 1,940 2,185 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 12,110 5,575 6,535 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 20 5 10 60 30 35
Italian 2,590 1,160 1,435 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 1,895 885 1,005 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,245 580 660 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 6,355 2,935 3,415 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 405 140 265 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 0 5 15 10 10
Georgian 5 5 0 15 10 10
Korean 1,205 555 650 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 160 80 85
Mongolian 15 10 5 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 1,485 665 825 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 125 70 55
Bamanankan 15 5 10 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 20 10 10 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Ga 15 5 5 5 0 0
Ganda 30 10 15 5 5 5
Igbo 55 25 25 35 20 15
Lingala 70 25 45 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 130 135 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 45 15 30
Shona 25 10 5 40 15 20
Swahili 385 175 205 155 60 90
Wolof 35 15 20 0 0 0
Yoruba 50 25 25 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 65 80 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 45 105 50 55
Dinka 30 15 10 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 60 20 40
Sign languages 415 210 200 830 460 370
American Sign Language 125 60 70 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 15 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 265 140 125 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,420 10,140 11,280 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 20,840 9,865 10,975 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 5,955 2,750 3,210 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 55 15 35 670 280 390
Mandarin 13,645 6,530 7,120 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 10 5 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 290 120 170 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 135 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 635 330 305 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 1,630 820 810
Burmese 150 70 80 685 350 335
Karenic languages 250 120 125 685 335 350
Tibetan 70 35 30 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 110 45 60 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 275 105 170 1,015 435 580
Lao 175 75 100 335 160 175
Thai 100 30 65 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 880 430 450 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 55 25 25 185 95 90
Turkish 775 375 400 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 35 20 20 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 570 265 305 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 25 10 15 75 30 45
Finnish 40 15 20 435 190 240
Hungarian 510 240 270 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 110 50 60
Multiple responses 63,685 29,995 33,695 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 16,465 7,575 8,895 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 38,890 18,730 20,165 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 3,430 1,460 1,970 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 4,890 2,230 2,660 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,290,260 629,570 660,695 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 1,022,345 504,475 517,870 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 104,095 49,350 54,745 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 81,615 37,515 44,100 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 72,705 33,895 38,810 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 795 325 470 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 71,910 33,570 38,340 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 2,725 1,285 1,445 965 435 530
English and non-official language 2,590 1,215 1,375 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 4,090 1,780 2,305 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,068,405 517,455 550,945 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,024,135 496,175 527,955 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,244 45,394 34,252 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,024,515 496,225 528,290 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,031 39,940 30,991 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 925,315 455,660 469,655 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,735 45,342 32,838 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 719,730 321,760 397,970 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,758 3,006 5,640 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 755,435 383,520 371,910 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,202 43,077 33,906 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,068,405 517,440 550,965 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,024,165 496,050 528,120 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,139 58,668 44,067 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,024,570 496,070 528,495 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,043 47,391 37,023 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 925,445 455,415 470,030 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,843 59,061 42,880 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 719,720 321,675 398,045 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,395 6,853 7,833 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 755,430 382,920 372,515 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,503 56,094 42,728 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,068,405 517,440 550,965 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 384,140 209,230 174,910 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 61,057 65,412 56,694 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 70,327 76,585 62,842 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.8 92.4 86.6 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.3 73.5 68.4 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.2 7.6 13.4 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,068,405 517,455 550,945 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 44,270 21,280 22,995 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 1,024,135 496,180 527,955 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.9 95.9 95.8 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 134,680 60,355 74,330 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 160,620 65,870 94,755 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 121,075 51,245 69,825 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 103,340 45,915 57,425 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 96,360 44,460 51,900 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 83,580 40,625 42,955 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 71,180 36,680 34,500 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 55,860 30,370 25,490 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 46,960 25,965 20,995 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 40,795 22,020 18,775 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 109,680 72,670 37,005 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 78,485 50,025 28,460 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 31,190 22,650 8,545 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,068,405 517,460 550,950 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 43,890 21,235 22,655 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 1,024,515 496,225 528,290 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 95.9 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 140,715 61,590 79,125 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 167,310 69,085 98,225 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 140,305 60,365 79,940 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 126,395 57,435 68,960 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 114,985 54,740 60,245 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 94,245 48,400 45,845 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 71,435 39,420 32,015 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 57,830 31,845 25,985 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 111,300 73,345 37,950 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 39,825 23,780 16,050 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 22,995 15,105 7,885 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 48,475 34,465 14,010 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,068,405 517,455 550,950 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 312,970 133,935 179,035 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 755,430 383,520 371,910 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 70.7 74.1 67.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 98,645 48,695 49,950 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 57,170 25,615 31,560 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 92,395 41,745 50,655 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 73,645 34,000 39,645 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 67,775 32,060 35,715 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 64,035 30,445 33,590 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 58,025 28,210 29,820 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 49,640 25,515 24,130 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 39,445 21,460 17,985 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 154,650 95,785 58,860 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 37,405 20,250 17,150 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 33,595 18,115 15,485 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 83,650 57,420 26,230 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 528,305 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,301 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,423 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 146,030 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,318 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,295 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 382,270 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,098 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,240 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 528,305 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 99,137 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,536 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 146,050 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,335 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,038 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 382,250 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 117,020 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,246 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 528,305 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,725 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,650 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,535 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 17,925 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 17,370 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 17,225 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 18,305 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 18,665 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,980 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,710 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,200 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 36,680 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 34,135 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 32,565 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 30,320 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 202,320 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 60,890 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 43,895 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 53,260 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 44,275 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 528,300 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 8,230 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,775 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,735 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,655 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 19,420 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 19,415 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,545 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 22,745 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 23,405 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 23,335 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 46,250 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 43,115 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 40,780 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 36,705 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,330 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 152,875 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 59,070 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 38,795 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 55,005 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 364,840 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,314 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,047 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 144,295 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,074 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,193 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 156,455 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,890 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,934 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 53,925 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,994 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,035 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 364,860 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 118,406 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,149 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 144,365 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 109,150 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,098 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 156,355 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 145,594 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,531 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 53,865 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,415 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,337 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 197,805 93,510 104,295 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,958 35,546 36,290 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,419 31,894 32,836 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 197,190 92,925 104,265 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,520 47,036 46,061 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,697 38,751 38,649 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,280,925 625,630 655,295 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 533,790 254,825 278,960 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 118,940 58,140 60,800 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 107,085 49,195 57,890 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 98,505 46,820 51,680 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 100,120 48,015 52,110 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 109,140 52,650 56,490 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 747,130 370,805 376,330 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 119,780 58,225 61,560 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 132,115 64,815 67,305 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 149,505 74,150 75,355 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 174,810 87,145 87,665 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 170,925 86,470 84,450 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,279,500 624,970 654,530 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 256,865 130,880 125,985 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 80,745 41,140 39,605 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 817,780 398,835 418,945 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 204,855 95,255 109,600 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 165,325 77,805 87,515 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 42,300 21,870 20,430 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 14,410 7,530 6,885 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 101,295 47,460 53,830 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 21,735 8,480 13,255 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.9 12.4 13.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 16.5 16.7 16.2 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 18.3 17.4 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.4 11.9 12.8 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.6 8.9 12.1 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 116,760 57,030 59,735 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 26,470 13,630 12,835 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 9,130 4,770 4,360 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 81,100 39,865 41,235 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 9,195 3,530 5,665 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.1 9.1 9.1 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.3 10.4 10.2 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 11.3 11.6 11.0 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 10.0 9.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 4.5 3.7 5.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,280,925 625,630 655,295 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 1,266,705 620,015 646,685 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 1,243,200 610,095 633,100 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 492,145 226,905 265,230 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 297,100 139,165 157,940 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 2,055 825 1,230 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 575 235 340 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 220 85 135 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 20 10 10 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 30 10 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 20 35 20 10 20
Woods Cree 20 10 15 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 90 35 55 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 50 30 20 20 10 0
Malecite 10 10 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 40 25 20 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 305 115 185 140 40 100
Algonquin 70 35 35 15 10 10
Ojibway 215 80 135 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 15 10 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 0 20 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 0 15 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 10 0 10 10 0 0
Dene 15 0 10 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 10 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 635 240 395 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 10 10 0
Inuktitut 580 225 355 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 825 345 475 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 810 345 470 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 10 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 10 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 295,135 138,385 156,750 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 62,485 31,325 31,165 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 540 285 255 125 80 45
Kabyle 420 220 195 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 90 55 35 15 0 15
Oromo 380 170 205 190 110 80
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,875 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 55 85 10 0 10
Semitic languages 53,645 27,350 26,295 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 1,995 940 1,055 1,755 905 855
Arabic 48,950 25,110 23,840 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 35 50 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 40 25 15 55 35 20
Hebrew 1,960 1,030 930 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 80 30 50 165 90 80
Tigrigna 1,185 495 700 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 85 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 70 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,860 4,175 4,685 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,540 695 840 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 7,365 3,505 3,865 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 10,720 3,925 6,795 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 40 10 25 495 205 285
Cebuano 590 210 380 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 10 0 10 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 170 55 115 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 745 305 440 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 105 55 50 10 0 0
Malay 645 285 365 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 45 775 350 430
Pangasinan 65 30 35 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,605 3,440 6,165 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 40 10 30 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 9,615 4,050 5,565 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 475 180 295 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 8,535 3,595 4,940 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 650 285 365 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 5,580 2,835 2,745 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 480 235 240 445 210 235
Malayalam 850 390 460 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 3,825 1,965 1,860 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 795 420 370 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 145,855 68,520 77,330 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 795 385 405 1,135 580 555
Armenian 695 365 330 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 26,310 12,060 14,250 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 625 270 355 635 310 325
Latvian 325 130 200 310 175 140
Lithuanian 305 145 155 325 135 185
Slavic languages 25,785 11,820 13,960 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 125 60 65 205 95 110
Bosnian 1,025 475 555 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 1,065 490 575 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,940 965 975 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 1,515 660 850 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 105 40 65 345 180 160
Polish 7,165 3,285 3,880 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 9,590 4,410 5,185 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 2,165 1,055 1,110 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 570 295 275 1,240 595 645
Slovak 980 420 570 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 295 130 160 725 330 400
Ukrainian 2,510 1,065 1,445 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 250 120 125
Celtic languages 465 210 255 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 185 85 100 350 225 120
Welsh 110 35 65 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 180 90 90 685 370 320
Germanic languages 22,825 10,810 12,020 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 485 245 235 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 530 240 285 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 4,855 2,240 2,610 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 165 75 90 120 55 65
German 15,940 7,615 8,330 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 55 25 30 215 110 100
Norwegian 395 155 240 1,405 730 680
Swedish 710 340 365 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 125 70 60 220 125 100
Yiddish 410 210 200 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 75 40 30
Greek 3,650 1,875 1,770 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 37,370 18,925 18,445 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 27,590 14,010 13,585 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 4,490 2,310 2,185 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 2,480 1,325 1,155 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 10,660 5,500 5,160 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 10 10 0 45 25 20
Konkani 145 80 65 375 185 190
Marathi 580 320 265 1,275 650 625
Nepali 1,280 645 635 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 75 40 30 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,690 3,465 3,225 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 520 230 290 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,105 500 600 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 8,140 4,075 4,065 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 10,330 5,220 5,110 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 755 400 355 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 1,465 795 675 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 8,890 4,455 4,435 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 85 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 59,585 26,685 32,905 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 80 40 45 245 125 120
Italian 16,735 7,985 8,745 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 6,525 3,200 3,325 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 2,985 1,405 1,580 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 36,760 15,725 21,030 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 140 75 65 220 130 85
Japanese 2,705 1,290 1,410 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 45 20 25 90 50 40
Georgian 45 15 30 90 50 45
Korean 2,705 1,160 1,545 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 40 25 20 320 155 170
Mongolian 40 20 20 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 10,840 4,810 6,035 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 495 280 215
Bamanankan 160 75 85 20 10 10
Edo 95 40 60 115 65 55
Ewe 205 85 125 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 65 95 45 10 35
Ga 170 90 85 95 60 35
Ganda 220 75 145 105 60 45
Igbo 320 170 145 240 140 95
Lingala 1,775 740 1,030 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,600 655 945 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 975 360 615 210 95 115
Shona 175 60 115 265 125 140
Swahili 3,120 1,370 1,750 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 210 115 95 30 15 15
Yoruba 770 405 365 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,380 1,095 1,285 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 320 140 185 300 150 150
Dinka 190 85 105 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 250 120 135
Sign languages 2,270 850 1,420 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 1,115 370 745 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 190 55 140 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,025 445 580 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 37,235 17,600 19,630 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 36,350 17,180 19,170 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 12,955 6,160 6,790 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 270 125 140 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 24,965 11,505 13,450 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 40 15 25 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,065 475 585 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 420 205 220 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,155 625 530 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 920 440 480 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 305 145 160 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 370 180 185 905 455 450
Tibetan 50 30 25 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 360 155 210 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,090 435 655 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 480 210 270 1,125 505 620
Thai 690 255 435 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 2,565 1,270 1,290 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 835 455 385
Turkish 2,205 1,105 1,100 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 40 25 10 105 50 55
Uzbek 75 20 60 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 150 70 85 225 125 105
Uralic languages 3,010 1,480 1,530 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 260 125 135 495 205 295
Finnish 550 250 305 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 2,210 1,110 1,100 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 405 245 155 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,280,920 625,630 655,290 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,213,385 593,580 619,810 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 247,125 125,995 121,135 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 966,260 467,590 498,675 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 67,535 32,050 35,485 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,280,925 625,630 655,295 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,026,140 505,660 520,480 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 238,975 111,800 127,175 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 66,695 31,970 34,730 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 32,395 15,440 16,950 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 52,150 23,635 28,510 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 56,430 25,885 30,545 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 26,690 12,195 14,490 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 29,740 13,690 16,050 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 31,305 14,865 16,440 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,805 8,170 7,635 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 238,975 111,805 127,175 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 27,285 13,505 13,780 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 43,365 22,030 21,335 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 50,890 22,690 28,205 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 97,845 44,900 52,945 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 19,585 8,680 10,915 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 238,980 111,800 127,175 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 36,870 15,975 20,900 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 1,015 455 560 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 1,295 500 800 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,780 820 960 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 1,520 710 810 920 415 500
Haiti 6,490 2,700 3,795 265 110 160
Jamaica 3,200 1,395 1,810 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 1,405 575 830 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 845 380 465 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 1,390 560 830 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 10,970 4,780 6,190 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 6,955 3,105 3,850 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 68,875 33,035 35,845 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,625 790 835 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 870 425 445 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 2,620 1,185 1,440 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 5,450 2,465 2,990 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,175 625 555 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 1,015 530 485 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 990 440 550 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 5,850 3,065 2,785 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 3,750 1,850 1,905 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 4,520 2,035 2,485 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 2,130 1,080 1,045 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 2,530 1,205 1,330 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 2,985 1,285 1,695 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 935 445 490 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,835 865 970 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 21,695 10,710 10,985 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 8,895 4,040 4,855 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 31,240 14,385 16,850 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 1,075 515 565 430 270 150
Egypt 3,535 1,850 1,680 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 2,235 1,025 1,210 1,665 835 825
Kenya 1,105 565 535 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 1,275 585 690 730 385 340
Nigeria 1,305 590 710 1,205 630 575
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 975 525 450 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 15,845 7,240 8,605 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 100,970 47,855 53,120 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 2,435 1,235 1,200 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 2,780 1,440 1,340 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,905 7,735 10,165 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,095 1,565 1,530 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 11,020 5,530 5,495 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,485 2,245 2,240 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 3,585 1,915 1,665 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 770 205 565 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,795 795 1,005 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 11,230 5,875 5,360 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 4,360 2,155 2,200 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 9,380 3,470 5,915 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 2,640 1,265 1,380 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,215 1,645 1,575 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 870 370 495 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 5,725 2,615 3,115 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 15,670 7,800 7,870 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,015 555 460 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 31,305 14,870 16,440 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 4,390 2,010 2,375 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 145 80 60 960 445 520
Colombia 190 80 110 465 220 240
Cuba 135 80 60 70 35 30
Haiti 1,325 560 760 15 0 10
Jamaica 115 70 50 160 115 45
Mexico 275 110 160 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,365 695 675 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 125 35 90 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 710 300 410 1,855 875 975
Europe 2,795 1,375 1,420 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 325 175 145 790 415 370
Germany 185 90 95 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 15 20 200 110 90
Romania