Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ottawa [Economic region], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ottawa
Ontario
[Economic region]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Ottawa [Economic region], Ontario  Map : Ottawa [Economic region], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,306,249 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,244,909 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.9 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 564,144 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 528,303 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 89.9 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 14,523.17 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,306,250 636,060 670,185 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 212,825 108,335 104,490 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 66,855 33,960 32,895 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 73,325 37,365 35,960 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 72,650 37,010 35,635 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 870,635 426,940 443,690 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 77,855 39,645 38,210 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 88,135 44,735 43,400 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 82,255 40,915 41,340 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 80,635 39,395 41,240 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 78,700 37,620 41,080 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 84,245 40,225 44,025 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 90,310 43,900 46,415 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 104,995 51,625 53,370 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 98,890 48,080 50,805 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 84,610 40,800 43,805 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 222,790 100,785 122,005 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 74,925 36,000 38,925 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 53,270 25,350 27,925 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 38,050 17,540 20,510 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 27,315 11,930 15,390 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 29,230 9,970 19,260 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 17,590 6,670 10,925 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 8,925 2,720 6,205 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 2,390 545 1,845 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 325 35 290 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.3 17.0 15.6 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 66.7 67.1 66.2 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 17.1 15.8 18.2 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.2 1.6 2.9 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 41.3 40.3 42.1 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 42.0 40.9 42.9 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 528,300 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 272,360 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 70,860 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 182,795 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 28,680 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 84,710 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 11,760 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 56,555 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,085 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,295 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 528,305 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 146,030 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 186,755 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 80,655 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 74,420 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 40,440 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,280,925 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,093,420 527,725 565,695 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 632,850 316,200 316,645 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 523,310 261,195 262,115 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 109,535 55,010 54,530 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 460,575 211,525 249,050 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 305,850 161,735 144,115 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 30,515 12,830 17,690 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 64,970 24,770 40,200 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 59,245 12,195 47,045 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 367,185 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 188,495 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 76,545 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 71,525 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 30,615 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 367,190 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 309,715 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 254,970 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 54,740 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 57,470 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 45,205 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 12,265 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 309,715 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 154,190 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 155,525 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 59,985 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 66,800 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 28,740 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 57,470 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 34,305 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 16,560 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 6,600 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 223,895 104,115 119,775 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 528,305 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 351,225 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 147,595 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 203,625 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 7,860 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 169,220 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 146,030 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 23,185 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,290,265 629,570 660,695 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 780,650 394,930 385,725 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 24,230 10,370 13,860 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 471,105 218,615 252,490 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 14,285 5,660 8,625 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,290,260 629,565 660,695 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 1,029,820 508,530 521,290 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 223,430 104,590 118,845 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 23,115 10,975 12,145 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 13,900 5,470 8,425 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 234,985 110,075 124,910 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 18.2 17.5 18.9 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,290,265 629,570 660,695 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 1,251,055 610,960 640,100 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 1,036,580 509,710 526,870 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 825,155 410,215 414,935 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 211,425 99,490 111,935 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 214,475 101,250 113,230 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 1,185 475 705 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 315 135 180 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 170 75 95 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 5 5 5
Moose Cree 5 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 10 5 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 25 15 10 55 25 30
Plains Cree 10 5 5 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 5 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 15 20 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 80 35 45 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 10 90 40 50
Malecite 5 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 20 5 15 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 120 45 75 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 25 10 20 65 30 35
Ojibway 85 35 55 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 5 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 10 0 5 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 375 130 240 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 340 120 220 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 470 200 270 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 460 200 260 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 213,300 100,770 112,525 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 44,975 22,550 22,425 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 380 200 180 725 405 320
Kabyle 250 130 120 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 6,660 2,875 3,785 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 45 30 25 250 140 110
Oromo 220 125 95 1,445 720 730
Somali 6,305 2,685 3,620 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 50 225 115 110
Semitic languages 37,880 19,445 18,435 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 1,465 690 775 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 34,870 17,995 16,875 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 30 40 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 60 30 30 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 370 195 170 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 45 20 25 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 910 440 470 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,230 3,315 3,915 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,110 490 620 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 6,110 2,820 3,285 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 8,180 2,925 5,255 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 30 10 25 595 260 330
Cebuano 395 125 270 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 5 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 115 35 75 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 585 230 355 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 60 30 30 100 45 55
Malay 420 170 250 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 35 15 20 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,345 2,240 4,105 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 45 15 30 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 130 45 85 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 4,285 1,795 2,490 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 300 135 170 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 3,800 1,575 2,220 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 185 85 95 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 4,305 2,225 2,080 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 225 120 110 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 690 360 325 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 2,880 1,470 1,410 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 495 270 225 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 97,310 46,485 50,825 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 665 330 335 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 505 260 245 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 21,810 9,780 12,035 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 535 225 310 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 295 130 165 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 240 95 145 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 21,280 9,555 11,720 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 40 20 20 515 230 280
Bosnian 615 280 335 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 875 410 465 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 1,075 495 575 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 1,070 490 585 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 65 30 40 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 6,075 2,735 3,345 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 6,390 2,780 3,605 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 1,800 860 935 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 525 255 270 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 630 285 345 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 240 95 140 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 1,835 795 1,035 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 15 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 145 65 80 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 55 30 25 450 210 240
Welsh 65 25 40 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 225 120 110
Germanic languages 13,500 6,330 7,165 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 190 90 100 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 400 190 210 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 4,145 2,010 2,130 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 120 65 55 1,240 630 620
German 7,820 3,575 4,245 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 25 15 15 210 100 110
Norwegian 160 60 95 940 405 540
Swedish 310 155 155 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 120 55 65 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 190 105 80 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 170 80 85
Greek 2,540 1,350 1,195 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 28,465 14,365 14,100 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 19,615 9,910 9,705 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 3,380 1,685 1,695 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 1,615 845 770 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 2,940 1,505 1,440 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 25 10 10 345 170 175
Konkani 110 55 50 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 300 150 145 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 935 445 490 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 40 25 15 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,105 2,105 2,000 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 285 130 150 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 840 405 435 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 5,040 2,550 2,495 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 8,745 4,395 4,355 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 660 345 315 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 1,090 550 540 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 6,990 3,500 3,495 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 60 45 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 29,675 14,005 15,670 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 30 15 15 285 150 135
Italian 9,725 4,860 4,865 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 4,490 2,105 2,390 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 2,690 1,230 1,460 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 12,710 5,780 6,925 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 420 200 215
Japanese 1,055 320 735 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 35 10 20 1,200 635 565
Georgian 35 10 25 1,200 635 565
Korean 2,170 915 1,250 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 30 15 15 405 180 220
Mongolian 30 15 15 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 5,490 2,420 3,070 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 365 180 185 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 80 30 45 140 60 80
Edo 35 15 20 1,140 475 670
Ewe 75 25 50 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 45 55 365 180 185
Ga 60 35 30 600 275 325
Ganda 125 60 65 760 360 400
Igbo 195 95 90 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 340 125 210 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 850 365 485 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 655 235 420 1,330 545 785
Shona 115 45 70 1,455 660 790
Swahili 1,125 500 625 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 80 40 45 290 145 150
Yoruba 245 130 115 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,055 495 555 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 305 140 170 1,610 810 800
Dinka 90 45 45 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 220 95 125 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 280 135 145 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 95 35 55 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 15 10 5 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 165 90 80 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 32,610 15,125 17,485 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 31,795 14,730 17,065 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 10,370 4,875 5,490 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 165 65 95 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 18,895 8,700 10,195 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 50 25 25 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 740 320 420 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 450 205 245 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,110 525 585 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 815 395 420 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 225 120 110 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 325 155 165 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 95 50 45 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 170 75 95 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 735 255 485 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 360 165 200 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 375 90 285 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 1,705 870 835 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 125 70 55 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 1,440 735 700 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 10 5 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 65 30 40 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 640 295 345
Uralic languages 2,440 1,185 1,260 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 185 95 90 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 365 155 210 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 1,885 935 950 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 150 85 65 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 39,205 18,610 20,595 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 16,445 7,785 8,660 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 16,205 7,825 8,385 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 4,000 1,825 2,175 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 2,550 1,175 1,375 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,290,260 629,570 660,695 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 1,226,575 599,570 627,000 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 1,122,855 550,665 572,190 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 972,475 480,455 492,020 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 150,380 70,210 80,170 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 103,715 48,910 54,810 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 355 150 200 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 75 35 40 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 55 25 35 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 5 5 5
Moose Cree 5 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 5 5 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 10 5 10 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 30 15 15 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 20 15 5 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 5 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 135 55 80 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 115 50 75 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 135 60 75 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 135 55 75 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 103,365 48,755 54,610 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,940 11,985 12,950 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 225 110 110 345 175 170
Kabyle 185 90 95 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 3,855 1,580 2,275 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 30 15 15 170 80 85
Oromo 130 70 60 805 380 425
Somali 3,645 1,475 2,165 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 30 110 50 65
Semitic languages 20,850 10,295 10,555 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 850 400 450 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 19,365 9,585 9,780 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 40 15 20 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 20 10 10 555 250 305
Hebrew 135 75 55 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 0 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 425 200 225 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,260 1,950 2,310 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 465 200 260 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 3,790 1,750 2,045 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 3,425 1,430 1,995 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 125 50 70 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 45 15 25 910 385 530
Ilocano 230 110 120 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 20 10 5 35 15 20
Malay 125 50 70 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 10 5 5 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,820 1,160 1,660 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 15 5 10 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 380 175 200
Creole languages 1,865 765 1,105 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 155 70 90 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 1,645 665 980 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 35 40 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 2,185 1,090 1,095 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 80 40 35 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 290 150 140 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 1,610 790 825 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 195 105 90 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 39,895 18,945 20,950 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 305 145 160 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 220 105 120 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 9,285 4,370 4,915 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 115 50 65 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 65 25 40 860 350 515
Lithuanian 50 25 25 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 9,165 4,320 4,845 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 20 10 10 175 80 90
Bosnian 315 155 155 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 420 200 220 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 335 155 185 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 260 130 135 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 15 5 5 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 2,110 975 1,135 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 3,710 1,735 1,980 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 1,040 520 525 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 200 105 100 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 200 95 110 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 520 240 280 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 10 10 5 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 1,600 770 835 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 55 25 30 755 365 390
Danish 30 10 15 280 135 150
Dutch 285 140 150 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 5 5 0 90 45 45
German 1,135 535 600 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 15 5 10 70 30 40
Swedish 55 35 15 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 145 60 85
Yiddish 15 5 10 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 770 360 405 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 15,600 7,615 7,985 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 10,380 5,135 5,250 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 2,020 975 1,045 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 700 360 340 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 1,310 660 655 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 5 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 35 15 20 540 260 280
Marathi 115 50 65 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 735 360 375 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,295 1,160 1,130 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 70 30 45 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 390 190 200 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 2,690 1,325 1,370 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 5,195 2,465 2,725 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 375 195 180 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 695 330 360 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 4,125 1,940 2,185 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 12,110 5,575 6,535 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 20 5 10 135 60 75
Italian 2,590 1,160 1,435 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 1,895 885 1,005 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 1,245 580 660 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 6,355 2,935 3,415 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 60
Japanese 405 140 265 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 10 0 5 770 420 355
Georgian 5 5 0 775 420 355
Korean 1,205 555 650 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 15 10 5 225 115 110
Mongolian 15 10 5 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 1,485 665 825 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 125 60 65 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 15 5 10 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 20 10 10 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 10 110 55 55
Ga 15 5 5 175 80 100
Ganda 30 10 15 195 85 110
Igbo 55 25 25 540 265 275
Lingala 70 25 45 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 265 130 135 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 230 80 150 420 160 260
Shona 25 10 5 455 210 245
Swahili 385 175 205 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 35 15 20 130 65 65
Yoruba 50 25 25 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 150 65 80 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 80 35 45 550 260 290
Dinka 30 15 10 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 55 20 35 425 195 225
Sign languages 415 210 200 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 125 60 70 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 15 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 265 140 125 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 21,420 10,140 11,280 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 20,840 9,865 10,975 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 5,955 2,750 3,210 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 55 15 35 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 13,645 6,530 7,120 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 10 5 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 290 120 170 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 135 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 635 330 305 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 580 275 305 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 150 70 80 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 250 120 125 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 70 35 30 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 110 45 60 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 275 105 170 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 175 75 100 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 100 30 65 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 880 430 450 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 55 25 25 770 385 380
Turkish 775 375 400 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 5 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 35 20 20 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 570 265 305 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 25 10 15 790 290 500
Finnish 40 15 20 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 510 240 270 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 465 245 225
Multiple responses 63,685 29,995 33,695 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 16,465 7,575 8,895 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 38,890 18,730 20,165 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 3,430 1,460 1,970 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 4,890 2,230 2,660 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,290,260 629,570 660,695 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 1,022,345 504,475 517,870 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 104,095 49,350 54,745 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 81,615 37,515 44,100 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 72,705 33,895 38,810 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 795 325 470 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 71,910 33,570 38,340 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 2,725 1,285 1,445 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 2,590 1,215 1,375 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 4,090 1,780 2,305 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 90 50 45 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,068,405 517,455 550,945 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,024,135 496,175 527,955 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,244 45,394 34,252 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,024,515 496,225 528,290 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,031 39,940 30,991 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 925,315 455,660 469,655 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,735 45,342 32,838 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 719,730 321,760 397,970 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,758 3,006 5,640 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 755,435 383,520 371,910 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,202 43,077 33,906 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,068,405 517,440 550,965 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,024,165 496,050 528,120 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,139 58,668 44,067 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,024,570 496,070 528,495 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,043 47,391 37,023 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 925,445 455,415 470,030 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,843 59,061 42,880 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 719,720 321,675 398,045 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,395 6,853 7,833 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 755,430 382,920 372,515 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,503 56,094 42,728 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,068,405 517,440 550,965 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 384,140 209,230 174,910 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 61,057 65,412 56,694 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 70,327 76,585 62,842 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.8 92.4 86.6 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.3 73.5 68.4 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.2 7.6 13.4 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,068,405 517,455 550,945 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 44,270 21,280 22,995 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 1,024,135 496,180 527,955 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.9 95.9 95.8 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 134,680 60,355 74,330 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 160,620 65,870 94,755 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 121,075 51,245 69,825 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 103,340 45,915 57,425 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 96,360 44,460 51,900 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 83,580 40,625 42,955 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 71,180 36,680 34,500 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 55,860 30,370 25,490 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 46,960 25,965 20,995 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 40,795 22,020 18,775 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 109,680 72,670 37,005 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 78,485 50,025 28,460 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 31,190 22,650 8,545 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,068,405 517,460 550,950 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 43,890 21,235 22,655 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 1,024,515 496,225 528,290 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 95.9 95.9 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 140,715 61,590 79,125 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 167,310 69,085 98,225 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 140,305 60,365 79,940 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 126,395 57,435 68,960 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 114,985 54,740 60,245 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 94,245 48,400 45,845 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 71,435 39,420 32,015 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 57,830 31,845 25,985 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 111,300 73,345 37,950 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 39,825 23,780 16,050 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 22,995 15,105 7,885 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 48,475 34,465 14,010 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,068,405 517,455 550,950 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 312,970 133,935 179,035 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 755,430 383,520 371,910 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 70.7 74.1 67.5 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 98,645 48,695 49,950 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 57,170 25,615 31,560 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 92,395 41,745 50,655 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 73,645 34,000 39,645 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 67,775 32,060 35,715 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 64,035 30,445 33,590 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 58,025 28,210 29,820 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 49,640 25,515 24,130 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 39,445 21,460 17,985 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 154,650 95,785 58,860 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 37,405 20,250 17,150 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 33,595 18,115 15,485 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 83,650 57,420 26,230 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 528,305 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,301 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,423 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 146,030 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,318 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,295 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 382,270 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,098 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,240 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 528,305 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 99,137 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,536 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 146,050 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,335 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,038 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 382,250 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 117,020 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,246 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 528,305 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,725 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,650 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,535 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 17,925 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 17,370 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 17,225 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 18,305 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 18,665 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,980 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,710 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,200 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 36,680 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 34,135 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 32,565 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 30,320 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 202,320 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 60,890 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 43,895 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 53,260 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 44,275 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 528,300 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 8,230 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,775 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 13,735 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 18,655 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 19,420 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 19,415 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,545 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 22,745 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 23,405 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 23,335 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 46,250 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 43,115 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 40,780 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 36,705 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,330 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 152,875 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 59,070 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 38,795 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 55,005 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 364,840 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,314 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,047 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 144,295 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,074 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,193 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 156,455 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,890 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,934 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 53,925 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,994 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,035 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 364,860 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 118,406 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,149 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 144,365 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 109,150 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,098 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 156,355 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 145,594 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,531 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 53,865 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,415 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,337 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 197,805 93,510 104,295 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,958 35,546 36,290 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,419 31,894 32,836 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 197,190 92,925 104,265 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,520 47,036 46,061 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,697 38,751 38,649 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,280,925 625,630 655,295 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 533,790 254,825 278,960 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 118,940 58,140 60,800 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 107,085 49,195 57,890 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 98,505 46,820 51,680 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 100,120 48,015 52,110 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 109,140 52,650 56,490 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 747,130 370,805 376,330 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 119,780 58,225 61,560 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 132,115 64,815 67,305 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 149,505 74,150 75,355 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 174,810 87,145 87,665 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 170,925 86,470 84,450 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,279,500 624,970 654,530 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 256,865 130,880 125,985 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 80,745 41,140 39,605 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 817,780 398,835 418,945 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 204,855 95,255 109,600 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 165,325 77,805 87,515 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 42,300 21,870 20,430 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 14,410 7,530 6,885 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 101,295 47,460 53,830 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 21,735 8,480 13,255 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.9 12.4 13.4 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 16.5 16.7 16.2 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 17.8 18.3 17.4 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 12.4 11.9 12.8 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 10.6 8.9 12.1 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 116,760 57,030 59,735 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 26,470 13,630 12,835 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 9,130 4,770 4,360 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 81,100 39,865 41,235 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 9,195 3,530 5,665 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 10.3 10.4 10.2 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 11.3 11.6 11.0 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.9 10.0 9.8 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 4.5 3.7 5.2 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,280,925 625,630 655,295 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 1,266,705 620,015 646,685 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 1,243,200 610,095 633,100 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 492,145 226,905 265,230 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 297,100 139,165 157,940 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 2,055 825 1,230 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 575 235 340 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 220 85 135 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 20 10 10 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 30 10 10 65 25 45
Plains Cree 10 0 10 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 55 20 35 605 255 350
Woods Cree 20 10 15 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 90 35 55 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 50 30 20 180 95 85
Malecite 10 10 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 40 25 20 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 305 115 185 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 70 35 35 205 95 105
Ojibway 215 80 135 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 15 10 10 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 20 0 20 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 0 15 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 10 0 10 10 0 10
Dene 15 0 10 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 10 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 635 240 395 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 10 0 10 10 0 10
Inuktitut 580 225 355 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 50 15 35 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 825 345 475 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 810 345 470 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 10 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 10 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 10 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 295,135 138,385 156,750 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 62,485 31,325 31,165 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 540 285 255 925 505 415
Kabyle 420 220 195 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 9,300 4,165 5,140 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 90 55 35 355 200 160
Oromo 380 170 205 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 8,770 3,900 4,875 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 135 55 85 370 170 205
Semitic languages 53,645 27,350 26,295 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 1,995 940 1,055 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 48,950 25,110 23,840 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 35 50 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 40 25 15 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 1,960 1,030 930 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 80 30 50 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 1,185 495 700 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 240 150 85 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 135 65 70 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,860 4,175 4,685 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,540 695 840 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 7,365 3,505 3,865 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 10,720 3,925 6,795 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 40 10 25 755 340 425
Cebuano 590 210 380 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 10 0 10 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 170 55 115 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 745 305 440 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 105 55 50 215 115 100
Malay 645 285 365 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 65 20 45 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 65 30 35 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 9,605 3,440 6,165 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 40 10 30 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 110 50 60 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 9,615 4,050 5,565 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 475 180 295 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 8,535 3,595 4,940 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 650 285 365 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 5,580 2,835 2,745 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 480 235 240 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 850 390 460 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 3,825 1,965 1,860 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 795 420 370 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 145,855 68,520 77,330 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 795 385 405 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 695 365 330 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 26,310 12,060 14,250 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 625 270 355 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 325 130 200 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 305 145 155 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 25,785 11,820 13,960 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 125 60 65 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 1,025 475 555 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 1,065 490 575 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 1,940 965 975 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 1,515 660 850 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 105 40 65 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 7,165 3,285 3,880 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 9,590 4,410 5,185 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 2,165 1,055 1,110 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 570 295 275 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 980 420 570 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 295 130 160 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 2,510 1,065 1,445 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 465 210 255 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 185 85 100 1,480 720 765
Welsh 110 35 65 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 180 90 90 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 22,825 10,810 12,020 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 485 245 235 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 530 240 285 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 4,855 2,240 2,610 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 165 75 90 1,655 820 835
German 15,940 7,615 8,330 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 55 25 30 285 130 155
Norwegian 395 155 240 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 710 340 365 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 125 70 60 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 410 210 200 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 3,650 1,875 1,770 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 37,370 18,925 18,445 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 27,590 14,010 13,585 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 4,490 2,310 2,185 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 2,480 1,325 1,155 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 10,660 5,500 5,160 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 10 10 0 600 300 300
Konkani 145 80 65 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 580 320 265 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 1,280 645 635 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 75 40 30 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,690 3,465 3,225 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 520 230 290 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 1,105 500 600 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 8,140 4,075 4,065 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 10,330 5,220 5,110 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 755 400 355 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 1,465 795 675 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 8,890 4,455 4,435 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 200 120 85 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 59,585 26,685 32,905 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 80 40 45 515 275 240
Italian 16,735 7,985 8,745 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 6,525 3,200 3,325 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 2,985 1,405 1,580 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 36,760 15,725 21,030 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 140 75 65 1,355 745 605
Japanese 2,705 1,290 1,410 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 45 20 25 1,555 775 780
Georgian 45 15 30 1,555 770 785
Korean 2,705 1,160 1,545 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 40 25 20 515 225 285
Mongolian 40 20 20 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 10,840 4,810 6,035 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 630 330 300 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 160 75 85 385 195 185
Edo 95 40 60 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 205 85 125 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 165 65 95 700 320 375
Ga 170 90 85 1,340 645 695
Ganda 220 75 145 1,225 550 675
Igbo 320 170 145 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 1,775 740 1,030 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 1,600 655 945 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 975 360 615 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 175 60 115 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 3,120 1,370 1,750 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 210 115 95 730 355 375
Yoruba 770 405 365 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 2,380 1,095 1,285 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 320 140 185 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 190 85 105 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 2,270 850 1,420 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 1,115 370 745 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 190 55 140 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,025 445 580 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 37,235 17,600 19,630 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 36,350 17,180 19,170 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 12,955 6,160 6,790 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 270 125 140 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 24,965 11,505 13,450 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 40 15 25 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 1,065 475 585 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 420 205 220 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,155 625 530 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 920 440 480 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 305 145 160 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 370 180 185 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 50 30 25 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 360 155 210 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 1,090 435 655 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 480 210 270 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 690 255 435 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 2,565 1,270 1,290 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 140 80 60 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 2,205 1,105 1,100 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 40 25 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 75 20 60 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 150 70 85 915 450 465
Uralic languages 3,010 1,480 1,530 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 260 125 135 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 550 250 305 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 2,210 1,110 1,100 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 405 245 155 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,280,920 625,630 655,290 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,213,385 593,580 619,810 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 247,125 125,995 121,135 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 966,260 467,590 498,675 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 67,535 32,050 35,485 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,280,925 625,630 655,295 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,026,140 505,660 520,480 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 238,975 111,800 127,175 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 66,695 31,970 34,730 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 32,395 15,440 16,950 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 52,150 23,635 28,510 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 56,430 25,885 30,545 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 26,690 12,195 14,490 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 29,740 13,690 16,050 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 31,305 14,865 16,440 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 15,805 8,170 7,635 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 238,975 111,805 127,175 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 27,285 13,505 13,780 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 43,365 22,030 21,335 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 50,890 22,690 28,205 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 97,845 44,900 52,945 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 19,585 8,680 10,915 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 238,980 111,800 127,175 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 36,870 15,975 20,900 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 1,015 455 560 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 1,295 500 800 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 1,780 820 960 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 1,520 710 810 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 6,490 2,700 3,795 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 3,200 1,395 1,810 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 1,405 575 830 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 845 380 465 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,390 560 830 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 10,970 4,780 6,190 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 6,955 3,105 3,850 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 68,875 33,035 35,845 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,625 790 835 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 870 425 445 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 2,620 1,185 1,440 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 5,450 2,465 2,990 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 1,175 625 555 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 1,015 530 485 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 990 440 550 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 5,850 3,065 2,785 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 3,750 1,850 1,905 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 4,520 2,035 2,485 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 2,130 1,080 1,045 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 2,530 1,205 1,330 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 2,985 1,285 1,695 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 935 445 490 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 1,835 865 970 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 21,695 10,710 10,985 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 8,895 4,040 4,855 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 31,240 14,385 16,850 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 1,075 515 565 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 3,535 1,850 1,680 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 2,235 1,025 1,210 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 1,105 565 535 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 1,275 585 690 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 1,305 590 710 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 3,895 1,495 2,405 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 975 525 450 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 15,845 7,240 8,605 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 100,970 47,855 53,120 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 2,435 1,235 1,200 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 2,780 1,440 1,340 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 17,905 7,735 10,165 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 3,095 1,565 1,530 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 11,020 5,530 5,495 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 4,485 2,245 2,240 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 3,585 1,915 1,665 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 770 205 565 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,795 795 1,005 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 11,230 5,875 5,360 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 4,360 2,155 2,200 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 9,380 3,470 5,915 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 2,640 1,265 1,380 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,215 1,645 1,575 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 870 370 495 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 5,725 2,615 3,115 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 15,670 7,800 7,870 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,015 555 460 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 31,305 14,870 16,440 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 4,390 2,010 2,375 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 145 80 60 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 190 80 110 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 135 80 60 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 1,325 560 760 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 115 70 50 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 275 110 160 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,365 695 675 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 125 35 90 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 710 300 410 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 2,795 1,375 1,420 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 325 175 145 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 185 90 95 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 45 25 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 15 20 880 400 480
Romania </