Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kingston--Pembroke [Economic region], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kingston--Pembroke
Ontario
[Economic region]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Kingston--Pembroke [Economic region], Ontario  Map : Kingston--Pembroke [Economic region], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 456,937 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 453,080 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.9 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 224,734 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 191,872 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 21.5 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 21,230.42 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 456,940 224,590 232,345 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 68,910 35,375 33,535 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 22,335 11,455 10,880 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 23,660 12,115 11,545 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 22,920 11,810 11,110 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 291,350 144,725 146,620 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 24,605 12,580 12,030 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 27,050 13,875 13,175 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 27,080 13,920 13,165 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 26,625 13,545 13,080 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 25,125 12,490 12,640 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 25,050 12,345 12,705 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 28,005 13,845 14,160 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 36,495 17,965 18,530 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 37,030 17,750 19,275 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 34,275 16,410 17,860 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 96,675 44,485 52,185 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 31,735 15,405 16,325 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 23,260 11,315 11,950 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 16,845 7,980 8,870 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 12,310 5,375 6,930 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 12,525 4,415 8,110 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 7,750 3,060 4,690 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 3,670 1,100 2,565 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 980 230 755 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 115 20 100 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.1 15.8 14.4 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 63.8 64.4 63.1 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 21.2 19.8 22.5 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.7 2.0 3.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 43.7 42.6 44.7 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 45.7 44.3 47.0 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 191,870 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 134,910 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 11,315 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 44,370 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 8,630 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 8,955 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,025 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 22,175 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 585 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,280 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 191,875 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 53,640 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 75,480 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 27,920 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 22,945 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,890 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 444,990 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 388,025 189,210 198,810 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 231,910 116,360 115,545 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 188,325 94,670 93,655 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 43,585 21,695 21,890 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 156,120 72,850 83,265 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 91,670 50,420 41,250 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 12,685 5,800 6,885 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 24,980 10,615 14,360 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 26,785 6,015 20,765 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 133,745 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 77,300 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 26,345 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 21,335 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,770 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 133,745 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 113,485 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 91,705 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 21,780 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 20,255 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 15,600 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 4,655 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 113,490 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 64,460 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 49,025 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 20,810 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 19,890 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 8,320 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 20,260 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 12,835 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 5,530 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 1,890 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 79,065 36,980 42,085 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 191,870 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 128,145 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 62,045 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 66,095 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,775 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 60,950 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 53,640 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,315 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 448,880 220,350 228,540 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 403,215 199,415 203,805 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 760 335 425 1,110 530 580
English and French 43,635 20,040 23,600 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 1,270 565 710 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 448,880 220,350 228,540 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 433,130 212,655 220,475 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 13,615 6,685 6,925 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 945 485 460 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 1,195 525 675 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 14,085 6,930 7,160 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.1 3.1 3.1 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 448,885 220,345 228,535 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 444,790 218,395 226,395 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 418,310 205,845 212,470 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 404,380 199,015 205,370 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 13,930 6,835 7,095 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 26,480 12,550 13,925 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 115 55 60 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 65 30 35 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 20 15 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 5 10 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 20 15 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 10 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 10 5 10 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 35 15 20 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 15 20 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 5 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 26,365 12,495 13,865 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,220 640 580 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 10 5 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 20 10 10 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 15 10 10 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,190 625 565 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 15 5 10 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,070 560 505 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 45 20 25 1,770 960 805
Maltese 40 30 15 80 40 40
Tigrigna 10 5 10 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 425 200 225 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 35 35 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 355 165 190 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 925 285 640 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 45 10 30 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 20 5 15 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 70 20 45 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 40 15 25 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 715 220 495 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 830 360 470
Creole languages 60 35 25 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 50 30 25 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 435 225 205 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 20 10 10 225 115 110
Malayalam 155 75 75 1,750 905 845
Tamil 210 115 95 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 50 25 25 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 18,285 8,775 9,510 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 30 15 15 1,090 560 530
Armenian 50 25 25 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 3,510 1,635 1,880 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 130 65 65 645 280 370
Latvian 70 35 35 320 145 175
Lithuanian 60 30 30 325 130 200
Slavic languages 3,380 1,570 1,810 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 5 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 25 15 10 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 50 25 30 1,725 805 915
Croatian 115 60 55 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 260 115 145 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 50 30 25 250 120 135
Polish 1,705 790 915 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 490 220 265 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 115 55 60 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 1,145 545 600
Slovak 80 40 45 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 65 30 35 545 250 290
Ukrainian 335 160 180 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 35 180 90 90
Celtic languages 45 15 30 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 15 125 65 60
Welsh 20 5 15 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 6,420 2,930 3,490 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 55 30 20 1,435 730 705
Danish 205 90 110 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 2,300 1,110 1,190 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 75 40 40 80 30 50
German 3,625 1,600 2,025 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 5 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 35 10 25 835 410 430
Swedish 75 35 45 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 20 200 105 95
Yiddish 15 5 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 25 20 15
Greek 655 345 315 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 2,615 1,375 1,240 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 2,050 1,090 960 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 240 130 115 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 415 220 200 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 290 165 125 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 5 40 25 15
Konkani 10 0 5 225 110 110
Marathi 30 15 15 535 280 255
Nepali 60 25 35 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 410 210 195 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 40 20 15 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 20 25 1,455 730 725
Urdu 500 275 225 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 550 280 270 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 15 10 5 1,650 875 780
Pashto 30 15 15 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 505 255 245 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 4,955 2,435 2,520 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 10 10 0 125 65 55
Italian 1,105 580 525 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 2,090 1,020 1,070 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 180 80 100 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,560 740 820 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 175 50 125 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 65 40 25
Georgian 5 5 0 65 40 25
Korean 740 335 410 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 195 105 85 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 10 5 0 80 45 30
Ewe 10 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 15 10 5 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 10 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 105 45 55
Shona 15 10 5 150 70 85
Swahili 30 15 15 585 285 295
Wolof 0 5 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 25 20 10 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 5 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 185 105 85 620 330 295
American Sign Language 120 70 55 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 40 35 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,780 1,295 1,485 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 2,680 1,245 1,435 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 790 370 420 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 20 15 5 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 1,615 740 870 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 30 30 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 175 80 95 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 95 45 50 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 5 5 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 20 10 10 770 370 400
Tibetan 65 35 35 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 75 30 45 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 15 5 10 800 405 400
Thai 55 25 35 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 125 75 50 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 10 5 0 495 275 225
Turkish 105 65 40 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 5 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 5 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 715 340 375 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 80 35 45 455 195 260
Finnish 210 85 125 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 425 210 210 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 4,095 1,950 2,140 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,730 825 900 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,105 1,010 1,095 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 165 75 90 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 95 40 55 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 448,885 220,350 228,535 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 443,030 217,585 225,445 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 434,010 213,295 220,710 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 428,145 210,345 217,800 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 5,860 2,950 2,915 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 9,025 4,285 4,735 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 45 15 30 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 10 5 10 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 30 10 15 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 30 15 15 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 5 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,975 4,270 4,705 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 575 275 300 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 5 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 575 275 295 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 5 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 550 265 285 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 10 785 400 385
Maltese 5 0 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 230 105 125 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 10 620 290 330
Vietnamese 215 95 115 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 285 120 165 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 15 10 10 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 10 5 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 20 5 10 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 10 5 10 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 235 100 135 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 15 5 10 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 195 100 90 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 10 0 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 75 35 35 885 450 435
Tamil 85 45 40 1,935 965 965
Telugu 20 15 10 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 5,120 2,440 2,685 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 5 5 5 530 255 270
Armenian 20 10 10 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 840 400 440 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 15 10 10 160 75 90
Latvian 10 5 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 5 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 820 390 430 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 10 10 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 25 15 15 925 425 495
Croatian 5 5 5 1,795 840 955
Czech 45 15 25 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 10 5 0 120 60 60
Polish 385 175 210 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 210 110 100 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 30 15 15 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 5 435 205 235
Slovak 15 10 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 10 60 25 35
Ukrainian 55 25 30 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 950 425 520 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 20 10 10 520 250 265
Danish 20 10 10 180 90 90
Dutch 150 65 85 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 750 340 410 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 5 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 5 0 5 75 35 35
Swedish 5 5 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 275 125 145 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 1,300 640 660 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 985 480 505 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 135 70 65 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 215 100 115 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 120 60 55 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 5 5 5 245 125 120
Nepali 35 20 15 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 220 105 115 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 15 5 5 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 595 290 305
Urdu 225 105 120 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 315 160 155 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 10 5 5 1,025 515 505
Pashto 10 5 5 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 290 145 140 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,740 825 905 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 5 0 60 30 35
Italian 230 100 130 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 775 355 415 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 55 25 30 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 670 335 330 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 65 25 40 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 15 10 10
Georgian 5 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 465 220 245 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 40 20 20 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 5 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 0 5 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 10 5 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 215 120 95 830 460 370
American Sign Language 105 60 50 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 110 60 45 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,595 750 845 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 1,550 730 820 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 395 185 210 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 1,050 505 545 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 5 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 30 45 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 20 25 1,630 820 810
Burmese 5 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 5 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 40 20 25 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 30 15 10 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 25 10 15 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 45 20 20 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 35 20 15 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 100 55 45 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 5 0 75 30 45
Finnish 35 15 15 435 190 240
Hungarian 65 30 30 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 5,855 2,765 3,085 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,175 605 575 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 4,455 2,065 2,385 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 65 25 40 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 160 75 85 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 448,885 220,345 228,540 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 423,810 208,715 215,095 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 6,950 3,390 3,560 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 8,270 3,670 4,595 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 9,370 4,365 5,005 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 295 130 165 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 9,075 4,235 4,840 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 105 45 55 965 435 530
English and non-official language 105 50 55 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 275 110 165 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 376,230 183,015 193,210 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 362,960 176,810 186,150 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,252 40,281 27,903 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 363,125 176,815 186,305 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,311 36,111 25,789 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 320,880 159,150 161,730 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,156 38,731 24,739 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 270,045 122,645 147,405 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,944 7,987 7,914 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 254,435 131,265 123,175 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,778 36,540 26,087 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 376,225 183,015 193,210 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 363,015 176,780 186,235 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,916 49,826 36,357 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 363,160 176,790 186,375 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,434 41,710 31,430 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 321,425 159,325 162,100 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,108 48,705 33,640 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 269,575 122,125 147,445 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,777 8,583 8,938 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 254,435 130,995 123,440 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,563 45,153 33,632 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 376,230 183,015 193,210 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 120,850 67,840 53,015 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,064 56,341 45,780 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,715 62,529 51,554 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.7 88.0 80.5 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 64.8 67.4 61.5 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.3 12.0 19.5 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 376,230 183,015 193,210 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 13,270 6,205 7,060 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 362,960 176,810 186,150 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.6 96.3 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,165 19,295 26,870 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 66,575 26,260 40,315 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 53,950 22,390 31,555 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 43,575 19,880 23,695 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 37,990 18,900 19,090 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 29,775 16,260 13,515 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 24,545 15,130 9,415 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 17,295 10,980 6,315 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 12,545 7,830 4,715 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 9,490 5,520 3,970 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 21,060 14,360 6,695 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 15,360 10,290 5,070 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 5,700 4,070 1,630 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 376,225 183,020 193,210 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 13,105 6,200 6,910 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 363,125 176,815 186,305 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.6 96.4 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 48,335 19,705 28,625 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 69,445 27,470 41,980 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 62,055 26,370 35,680 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 51,545 24,425 27,120 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 42,395 22,380 20,015 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 32,315 19,740 12,580 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 21,215 13,510 7,705 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 14,065 8,440 5,630 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 21,750 14,780 6,970 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 8,170 5,125 3,045 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 4,425 3,100 1,325 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 9,150 6,560 2,590 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 376,225 183,015 193,210 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 121,790 51,750 70,040 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 254,440 131,265 123,170 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 67.6 71.7 63.7 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 41,620 21,080 20,540 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 21,325 9,225 12,100 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 33,420 14,360 19,065 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 28,660 12,885 15,775 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 26,160 12,085 14,080 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 23,880 11,910 11,965 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 19,355 10,695 8,660 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 16,790 10,825 5,965 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 12,090 7,925 4,170 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 31,135 20,275 10,855 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 9,430 5,795 3,635 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 7,495 4,300 3,200 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 14,215 10,185 4,025 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 191,870 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,388 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,962 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 53,635 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,350 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,519 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 138,230 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,610 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,029 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 191,870 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,195 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,960 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 53,605 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,333 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,943 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 138,270 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,874 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,372 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 191,875 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,030 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,315 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,990 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,595 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,020 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,200 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,990 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,715 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,540 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,425 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,070 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,520 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,075 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,535 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,715 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 53,130 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 20,155 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,910 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 12,535 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 7,530 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 191,870 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,185 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,370 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,070 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,930 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,005 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,040 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,290 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,140 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,295 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,920 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,620 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 17,750 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,370 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,120 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,495 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 37,270 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 17,800 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,570 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 9,895 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 132,510 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,823 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,125 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 60,700 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,699 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,878 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 49,645 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,287 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,443 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 18,830 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,880 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,687 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 132,670 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,329 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,598 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 60,895 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,463 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,466 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 49,675 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,988 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,881 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,785 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,501 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,331 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 71,070 33,590 37,485 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,742 31,621 28,554 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,540 28,928 26,657 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 70,580 33,350 37,230 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,662 41,662 37,872 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,090 35,380 32,935 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 444,990 218,320 226,670 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 231,750 110,655 121,095 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 42,735 20,630 22,110 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 47,800 21,565 26,235 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 46,415 21,990 24,425 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 47,835 23,310 24,530 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 46,960 23,160 23,800 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 213,240 107,665 105,575 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 47,595 23,710 23,890 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 46,985 23,870 23,115 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 45,910 23,245 22,665 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 42,055 21,225 20,830 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 30,700 15,615 15,085 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 442,030 216,860 225,170 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 82,385 42,285 40,105 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 26,705 13,725 12,985 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 270,225 132,535 137,690 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 89,425 42,040 47,380 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 63,195 29,145 34,045 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 14,485 7,410 7,075 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 5,175 2,645 2,525 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 38,265 17,765 20,500 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 10,435 3,965 6,475 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.3 13.4 15.1 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 17.6 17.5 17.6 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.4 19.3 19.4 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.7 9.4 13.7 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 28,075 13,800 14,275 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 5,380 2,735 2,650 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,975 985 985 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 21,325 10,475 10,860 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,365 595 770 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.4 6.4 6.3 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 6.5 6.5 6.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 7.4 7.2 7.6 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.9 7.9 7.9 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.5 1.4 1.6 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 444,985 218,315 226,670 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 443,800 217,805 225,995 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 443,060 217,435 225,625 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 43,905 20,270 23,640 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 36,650 17,120 19,530 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 560 235 325 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 120 45 75 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 10 30 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 15 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 10 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 10 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 30 35 140 40 100
Algonquin 35 20 15 15 10 10
Ojibway 30 10 20 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 10 0 10 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 40 25 15 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 30 20 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 395 160 235 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 390 160 230 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 10 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,105 16,900 19,210 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,710 910 800 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 30 25 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 20 20 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,690 900 790 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 25 10 15 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,455 770 690 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 150 90 60 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 35 15 25 165 90 80
Tigrigna 20 15 10 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 590 265 320 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 40 70 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 485 225 255 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 1,180 340 835 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 0 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 55 15 40 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 105 35 70 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 125 60 70 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 980 260 725 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 20 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 105 65 40 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 60 30 30 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 625 340 285 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 20 10 10 445 210 235
Malayalam 205 110 95 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 330 185 150 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 90 50 40 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 25,580 12,105 13,475 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 65 25 35 1,135 580 555
Armenian 55 25 30 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 4,195 1,960 2,240 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 125 55 65 635 310 325
Latvian 80 30 45 310 175 140
Lithuanian 45 20 25 325 135 185
Slavic languages 4,085 1,905 2,175 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 10 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 30 15 15 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 25 10 15 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 140 90 50 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 370 150 225 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 40 20 20 345 180 160
Polish 2,050 970 1,080 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 805 370 435 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 170 75 95 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 70 30 40 1,240 595 645
Slovak 115 55 60 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 30 45 725 330 400
Ukrainian 430 190 240 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 110 75 40 250 120 125
Celtic languages 105 50 60 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 35 15 20 350 225 120
Welsh 40 20 15 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 685 370 320
Germanic languages 8,605 3,930 4,675 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 120 65 55 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 285 115 170 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 2,430 1,060 1,365 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 75 40 35 120 55 65
German 5,815 2,705 3,110 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 50 25 30 1,405 730 680
Swedish 160 70 90 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 0 15 220 125 100
Yiddish 25 20 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 915 465 455 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 3,445 1,790 1,655 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 2,810 1,460 1,350 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 295 175 125 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 625 305 320 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,290 675 615 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 10 10 45 25 20
Konkani 10 0 10 375 185 190
Marathi 30 10 20 1,275 650 625
Nepali 40 20 25 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 620 325 295 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 100 60 40 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 60 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 810 435 375 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 665 340 325 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 30 20 10 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 60 25 35 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 585 305 285 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 9,125 4,300 4,820 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 20 10 10 245 125 120
Italian 1,965 955 1,010 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 2,770 1,410 1,360 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 265 125 135 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 4,495 1,985 2,510 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 45 20 220 130 85
Japanese 330 150 180 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 10 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 840 390 455 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 10 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 410 205 215 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 85 30 50 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 15 10 10 95 60 35
Ganda 10 10 0 105 60 45
Igbo 20 15 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 10 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 10 0 10 265 125 140
Swahili 140 85 55 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 80 30 45 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 80 30 45 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 15 10 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,220 480 740 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 805 305 500 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 420 185 240 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,300 1,565 1,730 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 3,180 1,500 1,680 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 1,040 490 550 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 20 10 10 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 2,110 995 1,115 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 50 60 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 110 40 65 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 225 100 125 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 115 65 50 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 20 10 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 20 10 10 905 455 450
Tibetan 85 45 40 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 90 50 45 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 10 0 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 85 45 40 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 215 120 100 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 15 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 200 110 90 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 840 420 415 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 85 35 50 495 205 295
Finnish 315 155 165 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 450 235 210 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 444,990 218,315 226,670 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 435,140 213,870 221,270 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 82,220 42,335 39,885 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 352,920 171,535 181,385 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 9,845 4,445 5,400 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 444,990 218,315 226,670 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 404,950 199,450 205,500 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 37,670 17,645 20,025 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 20,720 9,795 10,925 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 4,205 1,950 2,255 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 4,225 2,030 2,195 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 5,665 2,575 3,090 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 2,755 1,265 1,490 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 2,915 1,310 1,600 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,855 1,295 1,560 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,370 1,225 1,145 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 37,670 17,645 20,025 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 5,285 2,635 2,645 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 8,080 4,000 4,080 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 8,800 3,750 5,050 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 13,455 6,310 7,145 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 2,055 950 1,105 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 37,670 17,650 20,025 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 5,980 2,645 3,330 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 190 80 110 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 125 40 80 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 250 125 120 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 230 120 110 920 415 500
Haiti 55 30 30 265 110 160
Jamaica 430 250 180 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 225 85 140 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 75 20 55 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 275 105 170 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,255 1,375 1,880 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 865 420 450 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 21,685 10,275 11,410 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 25 35 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 90 65 30 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 355 175 185 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 2,570 1,060 1,505 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 425 235 195 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 220 125 95 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 310 145 170 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 805 430 375 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 2,275 1,120 1,150 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 855 420 435 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 1,610 835 775 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 270 135 130 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 220 55 160 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 135 65 75 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 220 100 120 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 9,380 4,435 4,945 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,880 850 1,035 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,580 830 750 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 45 15 30 430 270 150
Egypt 330 180 145 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 30 20 10 1,665 835 825
Kenya 75 40 35 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 70 30 40 730 385 340
Nigeria 90 55 40 1,205 630 575
Somalia 0 10 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 285 145 135 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 640 340 305 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 8,090 3,710 4,380 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 75 30 40 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 135 85 50 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,600 705 900 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 220 105 115 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 1,485 740 740 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 365 200 165 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 95 55 40 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 115 25 90 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 590 275 315 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 110 75 35 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 520 275 245 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 1,040 310 735 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 260 135 125 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 50 25 20 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 100 45 60 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 345 140 200 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 985 490 495 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 340 180 160 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,855 1,290 1,565 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 580 280 305 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 75 40 30 960 445 520
Colombia 40 15 30 465 220 240
Cuba 15 10 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 20 10 10 160 115 45
Mexico 75 25 45 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 260 120 135 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 85 45 40 1,855 875 975
Europe 440 215 225 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 15 10 0 790 415 370
Germany 45 25 15 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 10 0