Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kingston--Pembroke [Economic region], Ontario and Toronto, City [Census subdivision], Ontario

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kingston--Pembroke
Ontario
[Economic region]
Toronto, C
Ontario
[Census subdivision]
Data quality , Kingston--Pembroke [Economic region], Ontario  Map : Kingston--Pembroke [Economic region], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Toronto, City [Census subdivision], Ontario  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 456,937 ... ... 2,731,571 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 453,080 ... ... 2,615,060 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.9 ... ... 4.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 224,734 ... ... 1,179,057 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 191,872 ... ... 1,112,929 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 21.5 ... ... 4,334.4 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 21,230.42 ... ... 630.20 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 456,940 224,590 232,345 2,731,575 1,313,590 1,417,985
0 to 14 years 68,910 35,375 33,535 398,135 204,190 193,945
0 to 4 years 22,335 11,455 10,880 136,000 69,895 66,105
5 to 9 years 23,660 12,115 11,545 135,025 69,345 65,680
10 to 14 years 22,920 11,810 11,110 127,105 64,940 62,165
15 to 64 years 291,350 144,725 146,620 1,906,495 925,070 981,420
15 to 19 years 24,605 12,580 12,030 145,525 74,240 71,280
20 to 24 years 27,050 13,875 13,175 194,750 97,415 97,330
25 to 29 years 27,080 13,920 13,165 232,945 113,905 119,035
30 to 34 years 26,625 13,545 13,080 224,580 108,895 115,680
35 to 39 years 25,125 12,490 12,640 196,310 94,065 102,240
40 to 44 years 25,050 12,345 12,705 182,390 86,535 95,860
45 to 49 years 28,005 13,845 14,160 190,925 90,860 100,065
50 to 54 years 36,495 17,965 18,530 202,405 98,735 103,670
55 to 59 years 37,030 17,750 19,275 182,805 88,145 94,655
60 to 64 years 34,275 16,410 17,860 153,865 72,265 81,600
65 years and over 96,675 44,485 52,185 426,945 184,325 242,615
65 to 69 years 31,735 15,405 16,325 130,540 60,360 70,185
70 to 74 years 23,260 11,315 11,950 93,600 42,315 51,285
75 to 79 years 16,845 7,980 8,870 76,160 32,730 43,430
80 to 84 years 12,310 5,375 6,930 60,630 25,670 34,965
85 years and over 12,525 4,415 8,110 66,005 23,245 42,750
85 to 89 years 7,750 3,060 4,690 40,800 15,665 25,135
90 to 94 years 3,670 1,100 2,565 19,680 6,180 13,500
95 to 99 years 980 230 755 4,750 1,275 3,470
100 years and over 115 20 100 770 120 650
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.1 15.8 14.4 14.6 15.5 13.7
15 to 64 years 63.8 64.4 63.1 69.8 70.4 69.2
65 years and over 21.2 19.8 22.5 15.6 14.0 17.1
85 years and over 2.7 2.0 3.5 2.4 1.8 3.0
Average age of the population 43.7 42.6 44.7 40.6 39.4 41.7
Median age of the population 45.7 44.3 47.0 39.3 38.0 40.5
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 191,870 ... ... 1,112,930 ... ...
Single-detached house 134,910 ... ... 269,675 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 11,315 ... ... 493,280 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 44,370 ... ... 349,885 ... ...
Semi-detached house 8,630 ... ... 71,230 ... ...
Row house 8,955 ... ... 61,630 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 4,025 ... ... 48,540 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 22,175 ... ... 165,625 ... ...
Other single-attached house 585 ... ... 2,860 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,280 ... ... 95 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 191,875 ... ... 1,112,930 ... ...
1 person 53,640 ... ... 359,955 ... ...
2 persons 75,480 ... ... 333,425 ... ...
3 persons 27,920 ... ... 175,720 ... ...
4 persons 22,945 ... ... 146,580 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,890 ... ... 97,245 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 444,990 ... ... 2,691,665 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 388,025 189,210 198,810 2,333,435 1,109,400 1,224,035
Married or living common law 231,910 116,360 115,545 1,181,360 592,560 588,805
Married 188,325 94,670 93,655 1,011,190 505,025 506,165
Living common law 43,585 21,695 21,890 170,175 87,535 82,640
Not married and not living common law 156,120 72,850 83,265 1,152,075 516,840 635,240
Never married 91,670 50,420 41,250 806,265 410,975 395,295
Separated 12,685 5,800 6,885 68,715 27,570 41,145
Divorced 24,980 10,615 14,360 152,000 55,490 96,515
Widowed 26,785 6,015 20,765 125,095 22,810 102,285
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 133,745 ... ... 718,750 ... ...
2 persons 77,300 ... ... 344,110 ... ...
3 persons 26,345 ... ... 174,600 ... ...
4 persons 21,335 ... ... 143,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 8,770 ... ... 56,795 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 133,745 ... ... 718,755 ... ...
Total couple families 113,485 ... ... 566,155 ... ...
Married couples 91,705 ... ... 481,125 ... ...
Common-law couples 21,780 ... ... 85,030 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 20,255 ... ... 152,595 ... ...
Female parent 15,600 ... ... 128,550 ... ...
Male parent 4,655 ... ... 24,050 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 113,490 ... ... 566,155 ... ...
Couples without children 64,460 ... ... 250,085 ... ...
Couples with children 49,025 ... ... 316,075 ... ...
1 child 20,810 ... ... 133,440 ... ...
2 children 19,890 ... ... 130,765 ... ...
3 or more children 8,320 ... ... 51,865 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 20,260 ... ... 152,600 ... ...
1 child 12,835 ... ... 94,025 ... ...
2 children 5,530 ... ... 41,160 ... ...
3 or more children 1,890 ... ... 17,415 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 79,065 36,980 42,085 602,855 277,825 325,035
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 191,870 ... ... 1,112,930 ... ...
One-census-family households 128,145 ... ... 653,360 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 62,045 ... ... 226,080 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 66,095 ... ... 427,280 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,775 ... ... 31,600 ... ...
Non-census-family households 60,950 ... ... 427,970 ... ...
One-person households 53,640 ... ... 359,960 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,315 ... ... 68,015 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 448,880 220,350 228,540 2,704,415 1,301,905 1,402,510
English only 403,215 199,415 203,805 2,323,235 1,139,585 1,183,655
French only 760 335 425 2,725 1,140 1,585
English and French 43,635 20,040 23,600 245,695 107,985 137,705
Neither English nor French 1,270 565 710 132,765 53,195 79,570
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 448,880 220,350 228,540 2,704,415 1,301,905 1,402,515
English 433,130 212,655 220,475 2,508,815 1,219,600 1,289,220
French 13,615 6,685 6,925 39,795 18,805 20,995
English and French 945 485 460 24,865 11,205 13,660
Neither English nor French 1,195 525 675 130,940 52,295 78,640
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 14,085 6,930 7,160 52,230 24,405 27,820
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.1 3.1 3.1 1.9 1.9 2.0
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 448,885 220,345 228,535 2,704,420 1,301,905 1,402,515
Single responses 444,790 218,395 226,395 2,598,230 1,251,220 1,347,010
Official languages 418,310 205,845 212,470 1,411,345 697,965 713,380
English 404,380 199,015 205,370 1,375,900 681,120 694,780
French 13,930 6,835 7,095 35,440 16,845 18,595
Non-official languages 26,480 12,550 13,925 1,186,885 553,255 633,635
Aboriginal languages 115 55 60 425 185 235
Algonquian languages 65 30 35 315 140 175
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 20 15 90 35 55
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Moose Cree 5 5 5 10 5 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 5 10 20 5 15
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 20 15 5 45 15 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 20 10 10
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 20 10 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 195 95 105
Algonquin 0 5 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 15 5 10 175 85 90
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 5 5 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 10 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 10 20 0 20
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 5 15 0 20
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 35 15 20 10 0 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 15 20 5 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 5 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 26,365 12,495 13,865 1,186,465 553,070 633,395
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,220 640 580 65,540 32,330 33,205
Berber languages 10 5 5 135 80 55
Kabyle 0 0 0 60 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 75 45 30
Cushitic languages 20 10 10 12,355 5,300 7,050
Bilen 0 0 0 75 45 30
Oromo 0 0 0 860 420 435
Somali 15 10 10 11,375 4,810 6,565
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 30 20
Semitic languages 1,190 625 565 52,845 26,840 26,010
Amharic 15 5 10 6,425 2,880 3,550
Arabic 1,070 560 505 29,825 15,745 14,075
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 4,840 2,360 2,480
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 700 360 335
Harari 0 0 0 755 350 405
Hebrew 45 20 25 4,350 2,345 2,005
Maltese 40 30 15 1,430 715 710
Tigrigna 10 5 10 4,150 1,890 2,260
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 380 190 190
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 200 115 90
Austro-Asiatic languages 425 200 225 26,165 11,860 14,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 35 35 1,365 595 770
Vietnamese 355 165 190 24,775 11,255 13,520
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Austronesian languages 925 285 640 99,750 39,030 60,725
Bikol 0 0 5 320 135 185
Cebuano 45 10 30 3,390 1,335 2,055
Fijian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Hiligaynon 20 5 15 1,695 665 1,040
Ilocano 70 20 45 7,135 2,765 4,375
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 10
Malay 40 15 25 1,930 880 1,050
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10 720 310 410
Pangasinan 5 0 5 320 125 200
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 715 220 495 83,230 32,445 50,785
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 210 60 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 755 290 465
Creole languages 60 35 25 3,015 1,350 1,660
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 165 75 85
Creole, n.o.s. 50 30 25 1,825 815 1,010
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 1,020 460 560
Dravidian languages 435 225 205 67,055 33,175 33,880
Kannada 20 10 10 730 380 350
Malayalam 155 75 75 4,560 2,460 2,100
Tamil 210 115 95 57,535 27,935 29,600
Telugu 50 25 25 4,125 2,355 1,775
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 45 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 20 5 10
Indo-European languages 18,285 8,775 9,510 589,410 282,355 307,055
Albanian 30 15 15 8,495 4,225 4,270
Armenian 50 25 25 7,845 3,740 4,105
Balto-Slavic languages 3,510 1,635 1,880 120,445 53,650 66,790
Baltic languages 130 65 65 3,490 1,365 2,125
Latvian 70 35 35 1,610 645 965
Lithuanian 60 30 30 1,880 725 1,160
Slavic languages 3,380 1,570 1,810 116,955 52,290 64,665
Belarusan 5 5 5 195 95 100
Bosnian 25 15 10 1,105 525 580
Bulgarian 50 25 30 4,345 2,075 2,270
Croatian 115 60 55 5,570 2,535 3,035
Czech 260 115 145 2,860 1,345 1,515
Macedonian 50 30 25 6,190 2,920 3,270
Polish 1,705 790 915 25,060 10,845 14,215
Russian 490 220 265 36,145 15,805 20,345
Serbian 115 55 60 13,380 6,450 6,930
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 1,470 670 800
Slovak 80 40 45 3,095 1,455 1,645
Slovene (Slovenian) 65 30 35 1,785 750 1,035
Ukrainian 335 160 180 15,465 6,685 8,785
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 35 280 140 140
Celtic languages 45 15 30 275 125 145
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 15 80 35 40
Welsh 20 5 15 85 30 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 45
Germanic languages 6,420 2,930 3,490 22,310 10,095 12,215
Afrikaans 55 30 20 405 210 190
Danish 205 90 110 665 285 380
Dutch 2,300 1,110 1,190 3,180 1,535 1,645
Frisian 75 40 40 40 25 15
German 3,625 1,600 2,025 14,515 6,440 8,075
Icelandic 5 5 0 65 35 30
Norwegian 35 10 25 230 105 130
Swedish 75 35 45 700 305 395
Vlaams (Flemish) 30 10 20 130 50 80
Yiddish 15 5 5 2,350 1,095 1,255
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 35 15 20
Greek 655 345 315 27,840 13,415 14,425
Indo-Iranian languages 2,615 1,375 1,240 194,760 99,110 95,650
Indo-Aryan languages 2,050 1,090 960 138,625 70,700 67,930
Bengali 240 130 115 28,460 14,365 14,090
Gujarati 415 220 200 26,400 13,520 12,880
Hindi 290 165 125 15,230 7,960 7,270
Kashmiri 0 0 5 80 45 40
Konkani 10 0 5 745 355 390
Marathi 30 15 15 1,760 925 835
Nepali 60 25 35 2,540 1,290 1,245
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 300 165 135
Punjabi (Panjabi) 410 210 195 19,965 10,380 9,590
Sindhi 40 20 15 2,440 1,080 1,355
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 20 25 3,280 1,605 1,675
Urdu 500 275 225 37,420 19,005 18,420
Iranian languages 550 280 270 55,190 27,895 27,295
Kurdish 15 10 5 1,650 930 720
Pashto 30 15 15 4,355 2,285 2,070
Persian (Farsi) 505 255 245 49,185 24,680 24,510
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 945 520 425
Italic (Romance) languages 4,955 2,435 2,520 207,445 97,980 109,465
Catalan 10 10 0 125 70 55
Italian 1,105 580 525 62,640 29,050 33,590
Portuguese 2,090 1,020 1,070 59,355 28,540 30,820
Romanian 180 80 100 12,335 5,630 6,705
Spanish 1,560 740 820 72,850 34,635 38,215
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 135 60 75
Japanese 175 50 125 7,015 2,405 4,610
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 870 465 400
Georgian 5 5 0 870 465 400
Korean 740 335 410 33,665 15,155 18,505
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 290 130 165
Mongolian 0 0 0 295 130 160
Niger-Congo languages 195 105 85 13,780 6,455 7,325
Akan (Twi) 25 10 15 4,340 1,970 2,375
Bamanankan 0 0 0 45 25 20
Edo 10 5 0 670 260 410
Ewe 10 5 0 175 90 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 165 85 75
Ga 5 0 5 200 90 115
Ganda 5 0 0 375 180 200
Igbo 15 10 5 740 385 355
Lingala 0 0 0 285 135 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 10 270 130 135
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 285 135 150
Shona 15 10 5 395 185 205
Swahili 30 15 15 2,230 1,050 1,185
Wolof 0 5 0 115 65 50
Yoruba 25 20 10 1,580 820 760
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 20 1,905 845 1,055
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5 235 125 105
Dinka 0 0 5 40 20 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 200 105 90
Sign languages 185 105 85 565 320 245
American Sign Language 120 70 55 210 120 90
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 40 35 350 200 150
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,780 1,295 1,485 250,960 114,630 136,330
Chinese languages 2,680 1,245 1,435 245,285 111,855 133,430
Cantonese 790 370 420 114,670 52,085 62,585
Hakka 20 15 5 2,855 1,225 1,635
Mandarin 1,615 740 870 111,405 51,120 60,280
Min Dong 5 0 5 450 220 225
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 30 30 6,120 2,820 3,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 15 2,665 1,200 1,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 175 80 95 7,015 3,135 3,880
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 95 45 50 5,670 2,775 2,895
Burmese 5 5 5 610 270 335
Karenic languages 20 10 10 255 125 135
Tibetan 65 35 35 4,590 2,275 2,320
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 215 110 105
Tai-Kadai languages 75 30 45 1,720 690 1,030
Lao 15 5 10 710 365 340
Thai 55 25 35 1,005 320 685
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 0 5
Turkic languages 125 75 50 10,680 5,610 5,065
Azerbaijani 10 5 0 915 490 420
Turkish 105 65 40 8,835 4,670 4,165
Uyghur 0 5 0 240 120 125
Uzbek 0 5 0 440 225 210
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 250 110 140
Uralic languages 715 340 375 15,145 6,655 8,485
Estonian 80 35 45 1,940 770 1,170
Finnish 210 85 125 1,315 500 825
Hungarian 425 210 210 11,885 5,385 6,500
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 585 310 280
Multiple responses 4,095 1,950 2,140 106,190 50,685 55,500
English and French 1,730 825 900 7,550 3,520 4,030
English and non-official language 2,105 1,010 1,095 92,620 44,395 48,230
French and non-official language 165 75 90 3,300 1,515 1,785
English, French and non-official language 95 40 55 2,715 1,255 1,460
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 448,885 220,350 228,535 2,704,415 1,301,900 1,402,510
Single responses 443,030 217,585 225,445 2,458,470 1,185,800 1,272,670
Official languages 434,010 213,295 220,710 1,756,685 858,655 898,030
English 428,145 210,345 217,800 1,739,625 850,750 888,875
French 5,860 2,950 2,915 17,065 7,910 9,155
Non-official languages 9,025 4,285 4,735 701,785 327,145 374,640
Aboriginal languages 45 15 30 110 55 55
Algonquian languages 10 5 10 55 30 25
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 15 10 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5 10 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 35 20 15
Algonquin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 5 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 30 10 15 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 30 15 15 5 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 5 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 40 20 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 8,975 4,270 4,705 701,675 327,090 374,590
Afro-Asiatic languages 575 275 300 36,560 17,185 19,375
Berber languages 0 5 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 10 15
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 7,495 3,140 4,350
Bilen 0 0 0 40 20 25
Oromo 0 0 0 495 230 265
Somali 0 0 0 6,930 2,880 4,050
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 15
Semitic languages 575 275 295 28,920 13,970 14,955
Amharic 5 0 0 3,425 1,500 1,925
Arabic 550 265 285 16,485 8,210 8,280
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 3,620 1,755 1,860
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 480 240 240
Harari 0 0 0 450 200 250
Hebrew 10 5 10 1,610 805 810
Maltese 5 0 5 430 200 230
Tigrigna 5 0 0 2,250 985 1,270
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 170 85 90
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 55 50
Austro-Asiatic languages 230 105 125 17,760 8,020 9,740
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 10 725 305 425
Vietnamese 215 95 115 17,020 7,710 9,305
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 0 5
Austronesian languages 285 120 165 48,375 20,215 28,165
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 40
Cebuano 15 10 10 1,320 560 760
Fijian 0 0 0 5 5 0
Hiligaynon 10 5 0 615 265 355
Ilocano 20 5 10 2,695 1,150 1,545
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malay 10 5 10 575 270 300
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 215 90 120
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 235 100 135 42,520 17,680 24,835
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 60 20 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 105 130
Creole languages 15 5 10 1,530 665 865
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 110 50 60
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 1,015 430 580
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 405 175 225
Dravidian languages 195 100 90 47,065 22,840 24,225
Kannada 10 0 5 290 155 135
Malayalam 75 35 35 2,460 1,315 1,140
Tamil 85 45 40 42,015 20,085 21,930
Telugu 20 15 10 2,270 1,270 1,000
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 5,120 2,440 2,685 317,075 150,570 166,505
Albanian 5 5 5 4,110 2,070 2,045
Armenian 20 10 10 5,170 2,430 2,740
Balto-Slavic languages 840 400 440 61,615 28,155 33,460
Baltic languages 15 10 10 1,080 430 655
Latvian 10 5 5 465 180 285
Lithuanian 5 5 5 615 250 370
Slavic languages 820 390 430 60,530 27,725 32,805
Belarusan 0 0 5 70 35 40
Bosnian 10 10 5 500 240 260
Bulgarian 25 15 15 2,450 1,185 1,260
Croatian 5 5 5 2,040 945 1,095
Czech 45 15 25 850 410 440
Macedonian 10 5 0 2,730 1,285 1,440
Polish 385 175 210 10,610 4,730 5,875
Russian 210 110 100 23,075 10,420 12,655
Serbian 30 15 15 8,020 3,865 4,155
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 5 585 280 305
Slovak 15 10 5 1,615 795 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 10 490 200 295
Ukrainian 55 25 30 7,425 3,300 4,125
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 70 25 40
Celtic languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 10 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 15 5
Germanic languages 950 425 520 2,895 1,325 1,575
Afrikaans 20 10 10 90 45 45
Danish 20 10 10 80 35 45
Dutch 150 65 85 285 140 150
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 750 340 410 1,955 875 1,080
Icelandic 5 0 0 15 5 10
Norwegian 5 0 5 35 15 15
Swedish 5 5 0 130 50 75
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 145 145
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Greek 275 125 145 13,000 6,065 6,935
Indo-Iranian languages 1,300 640 660 122,130 60,785 61,340
Indo-Aryan languages 985 480 505 84,470 42,405 42,060
Bengali 135 70 65 18,935 9,390 9,545
Gujarati 215 100 115 16,525 8,290 8,235
Hindi 120 60 55 7,850 4,060 3,785
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 160 80 80
Marathi 5 5 5 775 405 370
Nepali 35 20 15 1,705 870 830
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 140 70 75
Punjabi (Panjabi) 220 105 115 12,075 6,210 5,870
Sindhi 15 5 5 1,130 495 635
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 1,545 765 785
Urdu 225 105 120 23,625 11,775 11,850
Iranian languages 315 160 155 37,275 18,170 19,105
Kurdish 10 5 5 905 490 415
Pashto 10 5 5 2,995 1,525 1,465
Persian (Farsi) 290 145 140 33,375 16,150 17,225
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 385 210 175
Italic (Romance) languages 1,740 825 905 108,115 49,715 58,400
Catalan 5 5 0 65 30 35
Italian 230 100 130 27,130 11,365 15,770
Portuguese 775 355 415 33,425 16,090 17,340
Romanian 55 25 30 5,910 2,705 3,210
Spanish 670 335 330 41,530 19,510 22,025
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 45 25 25
Japanese 65 25 40 3,295 1,380 1,915
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 635 345 295
Georgian 5 0 0 635 345 295
Korean 465 220 245 23,625 10,830 12,795
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 175 85 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 175 85 90
Niger-Congo languages 40 20 20 5,675 2,540 3,135
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 2,320 1,000 1,325
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 220 85 125
Ewe 0 5 0 40 10 30
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Ga 5 0 5 80 30 50
Ganda 0 0 0 110 50 65
Igbo 0 0 0 250 130 120
Lingala 0 0 0 75 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 110 55 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shona 0 0 0 125 55 70
Swahili 10 5 0 995 440 555
Wolof 0 0 0 60 35 25
Yoruba 5 0 5 560 295 265
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 570 250 315
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 60 35 25
Dinka 0 0 0 10 10 5
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 30 20
Sign languages 215 120 95 885 520 365
American Sign Language 105 60 50 315 170 140
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 110 60 45 570 345 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,595 750 845 185,430 85,370 100,055
Chinese languages 1,550 730 820 181,255 83,310 97,945
Cantonese 395 185 210 83,405 37,430 45,980
Hakka 0 0 0 1,250 550 695
Mandarin 1,050 505 545 87,760 41,290 46,470
Min Dong 0 0 0 155 70 85
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 5 2,805 1,285 1,515
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 1,470 680 795
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 30 45 4,350 1,975 2,375
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 55 25 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 45 20 25 4,175 2,060 2,110
Burmese 5 0 0 365 160 205
Karenic languages 5 0 0 205 105 105
Tibetan 40 20 25 3,525 1,750 1,775
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 35
Tai-Kadai languages 30 15 10 710 330 385
Lao 0 0 0 315 155 160
Thai 25 10 15 390 175 220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 45 20 20 6,340 3,205 3,135
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 365 185 180
Turkish 35 20 15 5,495 2,770 2,725
Uyghur 0 0 0 130 70 65
Uzbek 0 0 0 260 135 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 95 45 45
Uralic languages 100 55 45 6,255 2,835 3,420
Estonian 0 5 0 530 185 345
Finnish 35 15 15 260 105 155
Hungarian 65 30 30 5,460 2,540 2,920
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 215 115 100
Multiple responses 5,855 2,765 3,085 245,950 116,105 129,845
English and French 1,175 605 575 6,510 3,010 3,495
English and non-official language 4,455 2,065 2,385 233,300 110,350 122,950
French and non-official language 65 25 40 1,355 595 755
English, French and non-official language 160 75 85 4,780 2,145 2,640
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 448,885 220,345 228,540 2,704,420 1,301,905 1,402,515
None 423,810 208,715 215,095 2,057,585 995,080 1,062,505
English 6,950 3,390 3,560 271,530 130,775 140,750
French 8,270 3,670 4,595 27,445 12,360 15,080
Non-official language 9,370 4,365 5,005 335,090 157,715 177,375
Aboriginal 295 130 165 385 165 220
Non-Aboriginal 9,075 4,235 4,840 334,705 157,550 177,155
English and French 105 45 55 1,835 875 965
English and non-official language 105 50 55 6,420 3,075 3,340
French and non-official language 275 110 165 4,365 1,950 2,425
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 140 65 80
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 376,230 183,015 193,210 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,125
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 362,960 176,810 186,150 2,187,030 1,041,915 1,145,115
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,252 40,281 27,903 30,089 33,456 27,576
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 363,125 176,815 186,305 2,187,340 1,042,005 1,145,335
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,311 36,111 25,789 27,958 30,661 25,918
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 320,880 159,150 161,730 1,888,445 918,925 969,520
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,156 38,731 24,739 31,733 36,010 28,105
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 270,045 122,645 147,405 1,598,435 709,590 888,850
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,944 7,987 7,914 2,249 1,115 3,956
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 254,435 131,265 123,175 1,578,750 791,520 787,230
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,778 36,540 26,087 33,602 37,149 30,393
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 376,225 183,015 193,210 2,294,785 1,092,655 1,202,135
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 363,015 176,780 186,235 2,187,225 1,041,920 1,145,300
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,916 49,826 36,357 52,268 62,667 42,807
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 363,160 176,790 186,375 2,187,505 1,042,020 1,145,485
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,434 41,710 31,430 41,462 48,059 35,461
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 321,425 159,325 162,100 1,889,205 918,700 970,505
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,108 48,705 33,640 54,901 66,647 43,781
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 269,575 122,125 147,445 1,598,725 710,015 888,710
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,777 8,583 8,938 6,631 5,725 7,355
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 254,435 130,995 123,440 1,578,755 791,435 787,310
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,563 45,153 33,632 54,032 64,206 43,805
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 376,230 183,015 193,210 2,294,790 1,092,650 1,202,135
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 120,850 67,840 53,015 726,575 392,990 333,590
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,064 56,341 45,780 55,246 58,626 52,090
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,715 62,529 51,554 78,643 89,498 65,856
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.7 88.0 80.5 90.6 93.6 86.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 64.8 67.4 61.5 74.4 77.7 70.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.3 12.0 19.5 9.4 6.4 13.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 376,230 183,015 193,210 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,125
Without total income 13,270 6,205 7,060 107,760 50,750 57,005
With total income 362,960 176,810 186,150 2,187,030 1,041,915 1,145,115
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.6 96.3 95.3 95.4 95.3
Under $10,000 (including loss) 46,165 19,295 26,870 389,430 182,885 206,545
$10,000 to $19,999 66,575 26,260 40,315 410,355 175,800 234,555
$20,000 to $29,999 53,950 22,390 31,555 291,150 125,720 165,430
$30,000 to $39,999 43,575 19,880 23,695 221,475 100,395 121,085
$40,000 to $49,999 37,990 18,900 19,090 187,235 87,700 99,535
$50,000 to $59,999 29,775 16,260 13,515 145,500 70,185 75,315
$60,000 to $69,999 24,545 15,130 9,415 114,465 57,710 56,750
$70,000 to $79,999 17,295 10,980 6,315 89,650 46,940 42,705
$80,000 to $89,999 12,545 7,830 4,715 69,990 37,355 32,630
$90,000 to $99,999 9,490 5,520 3,970 58,210 30,005 28,210
$100,000 and over 21,060 14,360 6,695 209,575 127,215 82,360
$100,000 to $149,999 15,360 10,290 5,070 119,810 68,240 51,570
$150,000 and over 5,700 4,070 1,630 89,770 58,975 30,795
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 376,225 183,020 193,210 2,294,790 1,092,665 1,202,120
Without after-tax income 13,105 6,200 6,910 107,450 50,660 56,795
With after-tax income 363,125 176,815 186,305 2,187,335 1,042,005 1,145,330
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.6 96.4 95.3 95.4 95.3
Under $10,000 (including loss) 48,335 19,705 28,625 395,780 185,315 210,465
$10,000 to $19,999 69,445 27,470 41,980 425,580 183,045 242,535
$20,000 to $29,999 62,055 26,370 35,680 330,405 144,300 186,110
$30,000 to $39,999 51,545 24,425 27,120 261,430 120,825 140,610
$40,000 to $49,999 42,395 22,380 20,015 213,815 101,645 112,175
$50,000 to $59,999 32,315 19,740 12,580 154,925 77,550 77,375
$60,000 to $69,999 21,215 13,510 7,705 112,490 59,255 53,235
$70,000 to $79,999 14,065 8,440 5,630 84,300 44,490 39,810
$80,000 and over 21,750 14,780 6,970 208,615 125,585 83,025
$80,000 to $89,999 8,170 5,125 3,045 57,270 30,705 26,570
$90,000 to $99,999 4,425 3,100 1,325 34,660 20,035 14,630
$100,000 and over 9,150 6,560 2,590 116,680 74,845 41,830
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 376,225 183,015 193,210 2,294,785 1,092,665 1,202,120
Without employment income 121,790 51,750 70,040 716,035 301,145 414,895
With employment income 254,440 131,265 123,170 1,578,750 791,520 787,235
Percentage with employment income 67.6 71.7 63.7 68.8 72.4 65.5
Under $5,000 (including loss) 41,620 21,080 20,540 201,230 94,895 106,335
$5,000 to $9,999 21,325 9,225 12,100 132,320 61,255 71,065
$10,000 to $19,999 33,420 14,360 19,065 219,860 103,510 116,355
$20,000 to $29,999 28,660 12,885 15,775 176,835 81,220 95,615
$30,000 to $39,999 26,160 12,085 14,080 157,110 75,225 81,890
$40,000 to $49,999 23,880 11,910 11,965 141,850 68,405 73,445
$50,000 to $59,999 19,355 10,695 8,660 113,285 57,240 56,045
$60,000 to $69,999 16,790 10,825 5,965 90,310 47,130 43,180
$70,000 to $79,999 12,090 7,925 4,170 72,185 39,215 32,975
$80,000 and over 31,135 20,275 10,855 273,755 163,430 110,330
$80,000 to $89,999 9,430 5,795 3,635 57,580 31,675 25,910
$90,000 to $99,999 7,495 4,300 3,200 50,845 26,260 24,580
$100,000 and over 14,215 10,185 4,025 165,330 105,490 59,840
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 191,870 ... ... 1,112,930 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,388 ... ... 65,829 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,962 ... ... 58,264 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 53,635 ... ... 359,960 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,350 ... ... 38,018 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,519 ... ... 34,172 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 138,230 ... ... 752,970 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,610 ... ... 82,908 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,029 ... ... 73,695 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 191,870 ... ... 1,112,930 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,195 ... ... 102,721 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,960 ... ... 81,495 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 53,605 ... ... 359,985 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,333 ... ... 55,409 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,943 ... ... 44,276 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 138,270 ... ... 752,940 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 95,874 ... ... 125,340 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,372 ... ... 99,289 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 191,875 ... ... 1,112,930 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,030 ... ... 33,190 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,315 ... ... 23,455 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 5,990 ... ... 36,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,595 ... ... 54,025 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 9,020 ... ... 47,315 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 8,200 ... ... 47,500 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 8,990 ... ... 46,945 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 8,715 ... ... 47,115 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 8,540 ... ... 46,290 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 8,425 ... ... 44,650 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 16,070 ... ... 84,180 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 15,520 ... ... 76,120 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 14,075 ... ... 68,190 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 12,535 ... ... 60,400 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,715 ... ... 53,485 ... ...
$100,000 and over 53,130 ... ... 343,520 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 20,155 ... ... 100,810 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,910 ... ... 68,300 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 12,535 ... ... 77,810 ... ...
$200,000 and over 7,530 ... ... 96,600 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 191,870 ... ... 1,112,930 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,185 ... ... 34,790 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,370 ... ... 23,615 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,070 ... ... 37,085 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 7,930 ... ... 55,930 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 10,005 ... ... 51,915 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,040 ... ... 52,205 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 10,290 ... ... 53,515 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,140 ... ... 55,545 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,295 ... ... 55,765 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 9,920 ... ... 53,385 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 19,620 ... ... 98,910 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 17,750 ... ... 86,755 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,370 ... ... 75,120 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 13,120 ... ... 63,360 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 10,495 ... ... 51,570 ... ...
$100,000 and over 37,270 ... ... 263,465 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 17,800 ... ... 94,025 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 9,570 ... ... 58,255 ... ...
$150,000 and over 9,895 ... ... 111,180 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 132,510 ... ... 705,600 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,823 ... ... 82,859 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,125 ... ... 73,530 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 60,700 ... ... 221,155 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,699 ... ... 83,232 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,878 ... ... 72,412 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 49,645 ... ... 316,455 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,287 ... ... 102,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 91,443 ... ... 89,920 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 18,830 ... ... 138,800 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,880 ... ... 51,040 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,687 ... ... 47,839 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 132,670 ... ... 705,445 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 96,329 ... ... 127,312 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,598 ... ... 100,343 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 60,895 ... ... 221,085 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,463 ... ... 127,461 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,466 ... ... 98,833 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 49,675 ... ... 317,230 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,988 ... ... 155,188 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,881 ... ... 120,979 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 18,785 ... ... 137,685 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,501 ... ... 70,494 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,331 ... ... 59,981 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 71,070 33,590 37,485 518,290 246,070 272,215
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,742 31,621 28,554 31,059 31,130 31,006
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,540 28,928 26,657 28,647 28,567 28,713
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 70,580 33,350 37,230 517,005 245,110 271,895
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,662 41,662 37,872 47,407 49,458 45,557
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,090 35,380 32,935 38,513 39,445 37,673
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 444,990 218,320 226,670 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430
In the bottom half of the distribution 231,750 110,655 121,095 1,455,315 686,810 768,500
In the bottom decile 42,735 20,630 22,110 404,560 195,060 209,500
In the second decile 47,800 21,565 26,235 320,165 146,180 173,980
In the third decile 46,415 21,990 24,425 268,495 125,455 143,040
In the fourth decile 47,835 23,310 24,530 238,680 113,000 125,680
In the fifth decile 46,960 23,160 23,800 223,415 107,115 116,300
In the top half of the distribution 213,240 107,665 105,575 1,236,350 609,425 626,925
In the sixth decile 47,595 23,710 23,890 216,450 103,995 112,460
In the seventh decile 46,985 23,870 23,115 213,325 103,540 109,790
In the eighth decile 45,910 23,245 22,665 219,865 107,815 112,050
In the ninth decile 42,055 21,225 20,830 241,850 119,420 122,425
In the top decile 30,700 15,615 15,085 344,855 174,650 170,200
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 442,030 216,860 225,170 2,691,665 1,296,235 1,395,430
0 to 17 years 82,385 42,285 40,105 478,360 245,340 233,020
0 to 5 years 26,705 13,725 12,985 162,510 83,480 79,030
18 to 64 years 270,225 132,535 137,690 1,811,265 874,400 936,860
65 years and over 89,425 42,040 47,380 402,045 176,495 225,550
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 63,195 29,145 34,045 543,385 254,890 288,495
0 to 17 years 14,485 7,410 7,075 125,675 64,485 61,195
0 to 5 years 5,175 2,645 2,525 42,685 21,880 20,805
18 to 64 years 38,265 17,765 20,500 347,775 163,045 184,730
65 years and over 10,435 3,965 6,475 69,935 27,360 42,575
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.3 13.4 15.1 20.2 19.7 20.7
0 to 17 years (%) 17.6 17.5 17.6 26.3 26.3 26.3
0 to 5 years (%) 19.4 19.3 19.4 26.3 26.2 26.3
18 to 64 years (%) 14.2 13.4 14.9 19.2 18.6 19.7
65 years and over (%) 11.7 9.4 13.7 17.4 15.5 18.9
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 28,075 13,800 14,275 469,325 224,145 245,180
0 to 17 years 5,380 2,735 2,650 98,910 50,725 48,185
0 to 5 years 1,975 985 985 33,950 17,345 16,605
18 to 64 years 21,325 10,475 10,860 322,620 155,490 167,130
65 years and over 1,365 595 770 47,800 17,935 29,865
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.4 6.4 6.3 17.4 17.3 17.6
0 to 17 years (%) 6.5 6.5 6.6 20.7 20.7 20.7
0 to 5 years (%) 7.4 7.2 7.6 20.9 20.8 21.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.9 7.9 7.9 17.8 17.8 17.8
65 years and over (%) 1.5 1.4 1.6 11.9 10.2 13.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 444,985 218,315 226,670 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395
Official languages 443,800 217,805 225,995 2,559,780 1,243,220 1,316,560
English 443,060 217,435 225,625 2,557,220 1,242,190 1,315,035
French 43,905 20,270 23,640 246,610 107,660 138,950
Non-official languages 36,650 17,120 19,530 1,464,760 689,505 775,255
Aboriginal languages 560 235 325 795 325 470
Algonquian languages 120 45 75 660 285 375
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 35 10 30 135 65 70
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 15 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 30 20 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 10 10 25 10 15
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 70 30 35
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 10 10 15 0 10
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 65 30 35 510 215 295
Algonquin 35 20 15 15 10 10
Ojibway 30 10 20 480 205 275
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 15 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 15 0 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 10 0 10 10 10 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 40 25 15 20 10 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 30 20 0 15 10 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 10 0
Iroquoian languages 395 160 235 50 10 40
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 390 160 230 40 10 35
Oneida 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 10 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,105 16,900 19,210 1,464,025 689,205 774,820
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,710 910 800 100,730 49,935 50,795
Berber languages 0 0 0 135 75 55
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 15 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 65 45
Cushitic languages 30 25 0 17,250 7,505 9,750
Bilen 0 0 0 65 45 25
Oromo 0 0 0 1,175 495 685
Somali 20 20 0 16,020 6,955 9,065
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Semitic languages 1,690 900 790 84,510 42,935 41,580
Amharic 25 10 15 9,560 4,445 5,120
Arabic 1,455 770 690 47,885 25,005 22,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 5,930 2,865 3,065
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 680 335 350
Harari 0 0 0 945 480 465
Hebrew 150 90 60 18,860 9,555 9,315
Maltese 35 15 25 1,860 910 950
Tigrigna 20 15 10 5,150 2,425 2,725
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 465 255 205
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 370 180 185
Austro-Asiatic languages 590 265 320 33,965 15,600 18,360
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 40 70 2,020 850 1,170
Vietnamese 485 225 255 32,165 14,870 17,295
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Austronesian languages 1,180 340 835 128,075 50,505 77,570
Bikol 10 0 10 385 175 210
Cebuano 55 15 40 4,685 1,865 2,830
Fijian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 1,810 730 1,070
Ilocano 105 35 70 9,550 3,780 5,770
Malagasy 0 0 0 55 20 35
Malay 125 60 70 3,435 1,585 1,850
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 920 420 505
Pangasinan 0 0 0 325 130 190
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 980 260 725 121,155 47,540 73,620
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 220 60 160
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 20 895 360 535
Creole languages 105 65 40 8,845 3,795 5,050
Haitian Creole 0 0 10 455 195 265
Creole, n.o.s. 60 30 30 4,830 2,015 2,825
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 3,675 1,625 2,050
Dravidian languages 625 340 285 87,340 43,525 43,815
Kannada 20 10 10 1,610 835 775
Malayalam 205 110 95 6,705 3,550 3,155
Tamil 330 185 150 74,750 36,615 38,135
Telugu 90 50 40 6,130 3,560 2,575
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 160 75 80
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 0 10
Indo-European languages 25,580 12,105 13,475 764,770 369,530 395,235
Albanian 65 25 35 9,905 4,880 5,025
Armenian 55 25 30 9,630 4,560 5,070
Balto-Slavic languages 4,195 1,960 2,240 138,380 62,970 75,405
Baltic languages 125 55 65 3,910 1,540 2,370
Latvian 80 30 45 1,765 740 1,025
Lithuanian 45 20 25 2,145 800 1,345
Slavic languages 4,085 1,905 2,175 135,365 61,790 73,575
Belarusan 0 10 0 470 240 225
Bosnian 30 15 15 1,960 930 1,035
Bulgarian 25 10 15 4,860 2,340 2,525
Croatian 140 90 50 8,555 4,140 4,415
Czech 370 150 225 3,745 1,795 1,950
Macedonian 40 20 20 8,245 3,855 4,390
Polish 2,050 970 1,080 30,970 13,515 17,450
Russian 805 370 435 51,045 23,150 27,890
Serbian 170 75 95 17,025 8,365 8,660
Serbo-Croatian 70 30 40 1,800 850 950
Slovak 115 55 60 3,460 1,605 1,855
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 30 45 2,010 890 1,120
Ukrainian 430 190 240 21,020 9,145 11,870
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 110 75 40 335 205 130
Celtic languages 105 50 60 1,355 715 640
Scottish Gaelic 35 15 20 395 220 180
Welsh 40 20 15 140 65 80
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 820 440 380
Germanic languages 8,605 3,930 4,675 43,080 20,695 22,385
Afrikaans 120 65 55 1,670 850 820
Danish 285 115 170 1,090 485 605
Dutch 2,430 1,060 1,365 4,755 2,330 2,420
Frisian 75 40 35 75 35 40
German 5,815 2,705 3,110 29,980 14,340 15,640
Icelandic 10 10 0 100 45 55
Norwegian 50 25 30 480 240 240
Swedish 160 70 90 1,630 765 865
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 0 15 160 65 90
Yiddish 25 20 0 4,685 2,305 2,380
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 25 35
Greek 915 465 455 40,170 19,690 20,480
Indo-Iranian languages 3,445 1,790 1,655 254,825 130,405 124,415
Indo-Aryan languages 2,810 1,460 1,350 193,285 99,090 94,190
Bengali 295 175 125 35,635 18,260 17,375
Gujarati 625 305 320 36,180 18,650 17,530
Hindi 1,290 675 615 65,360 34,355 31,005
Kashmiri 0 10 10 85 40 40
Konkani 10 0 10 1,500 695 810
Marathi 30 10 20 3,230 1,630 1,600
Nepali 40 20 25 3,925 1,945 1,975
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 450 220 230
Punjabi (Panjabi) 620 325 295 33,785 17,720 16,060
Sindhi 100 60 40 4,185 1,950 2,235
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 60 6,860 3,390 3,470
Urdu 810 435 375 57,675 29,285 28,390
Iranian languages 665 340 325 63,765 32,345 31,420
Kurdish 30 20 10 2,080 1,210 870
Pashto 60 25 35 6,570 3,595 2,975
Persian (Farsi) 585 305 285 57,760 29,105 28,650
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0 1,515 850 665
Italic (Romance) languages 9,125 4,300 4,820 290,570 136,505 154,065
Catalan 20 10 10 240 125 115
Italian 1,965 955 1,010 91,590 42,755 48,835
Portuguese 2,770 1,410 1,360 75,785 36,510 39,270
Romanian 265 125 135 14,620 6,580 8,045
Spanish 4,495 1,985 2,510 122,195 57,080 65,115
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 60 45 20 440 225 220
Japanese 330 150 180 12,070 5,105 6,960
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 1,125 575 550
Georgian 10 0 0 1,130 570 550
Korean 840 390 455 37,610 17,455 20,155
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 345 150 195
Mongolian 10 0 0 350 155 195
Niger-Congo languages 410 205 215 26,430 12,495 13,935
Akan (Twi) 85 30 50 7,000 3,215 3,785
Bamanankan 0 0 0 110 75 35
Edo 0 0 0 1,210 500 705
Ewe 10 0 0 265 155 110
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 295 150 145
Ga 15 10 10 475 195 280
Ganda 10 10 0 585 280 305
Igbo 20 15 0 1,480 765 710
Lingala 0 0 0 1,265 540 725
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 10 400 210 185
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 460 215 250
Shona 10 0 10 760 350 410
Swahili 140 85 55 6,210 3,000 3,210
Wolof 10 0 0 285 135 150
Yoruba 80 30 45 3,600 1,870 1,730
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 80 30 45 3,975 1,745 2,230
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 15 10 310 170 140
Dinka 0 0 0 60 35 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 250 130 120
Sign languages 1,220 480 740 3,090 1,375 1,715
American Sign Language 805 305 500 1,950 765 1,185
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sign languages, n.i.e. 420 185 240 1,195 645 545
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,300 1,565 1,730 279,900 129,990 149,910
Chinese languages 3,180 1,500 1,680 273,760 126,965 146,795
Cantonese 1,040 490 550 141,260 64,620 76,645
Hakka 20 10 10 3,035 1,265 1,775
Mandarin 2,110 995 1,115 150,735 69,900 80,840
Min Dong 0 0 0 460 205 255
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 50 60 7,235 3,195 4,045
Wu (Shanghainese) 110 40 65 3,225 1,490 1,735
Chinese, n.o.s. 225 100 125 7,055 3,155 3,900
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 50 30
Tibeto-Burman languages 115 65 50 6,400 3,170 3,230
Burmese 20 10 0 885 400 485
Karenic languages 20 10 10 250 110 130
Tibetan 85 45 40 5,045 2,515 2,525
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 170 125
Tai-Kadai languages 90 50 45 2,205 875 1,330
Lao 10 0 0 850 380 465
Thai 85 45 40 1,455 540 915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 215 120 100 15,395 8,125 7,275
Azerbaijani 15 0 0 1,465 760 710
Turkish 200 110 90 13,000 6,905 6,090
Uyghur 0 0 0 320 150 170
Uzbek 0 0 0 630 345 285
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 160 220
Uralic languages 840 420 415 17,065 7,680 9,385
Estonian 85 35 50 1,985 855 1,130
Finnish 315 155 165 1,430 585 850
Hungarian 450 235 210 13,700 6,260 7,445
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 1,315 675 635
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 444,990 218,315 226,670 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,395
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 435,140 213,870 221,270 2,296,370 1,108,000 1,188,365
Canadian citizens aged under 18 82,220 42,335 39,885 431,655 221,480 210,180
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 352,920 171,535 181,385 1,864,710 886,525 978,190
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 9,845 4,445 5,400 395,295 188,270 207,025
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 444,990 218,315 226,670 2,691,665 1,296,270 1,395,390
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 404,950 199,450 205,500 1,332,090 665,435 666,655
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 37,670 17,645 20,025 1,266,005 583,975 682,030
Before 1981 20,720 9,795 10,925 294,065 133,310 160,755
1981 to 1990 4,205 1,950 2,255 171,565 81,205 90,365
1991 to 2000 4,225 2,030 2,195 281,870 127,730 154,145
2001 to 2010 5,665 2,575 3,090 330,550 152,950 177,600
2001 to 2005 2,755 1,265 1,490 162,770 75,700 87,070
2006 to 2010 2,915 1,310 1,600 167,780 77,250 90,530
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,855 1,295 1,560 187,950 88,780 99,170
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,370 1,225 1,145 93,575 46,865 46,715
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 37,670 17,645 20,025 1,266,000 583,975 682,030
Under 5 years 5,285 2,635 2,645 96,800 47,595 49,205
5 to 14 years 8,080 4,000 4,080 205,920 102,700 103,215
15 to 24 years 8,800 3,750 5,050 270,470 120,040 150,425
25 to 44 years 13,455 6,310 7,145 558,625 254,865 303,760
45 years and over 2,055 950 1,105 134,190 58,775 75,420
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 37,670 17,650 20,025 1,266,000 583,975 682,030
Americas 5,980 2,645 3,330 212,010 92,485 119,525
Brazil 190 80 110 7,025 3,360 3,660
Colombia 125 40 80 8,710 3,995 4,720
El Salvador 250 125 120 6,960 3,500 3,460
Guyana 230 120 110 34,490 14,700 19,790
Haiti 55 30 30 1,855 835 1,020
Jamaica 430 250 180 45,075 18,280 26,795
Mexico 225 85 140 7,225 3,340 3,890
Peru 75 20 55 3,865 1,725 2,145
Trinidad and Tobago 275 105 170 19,640 8,305 11,330
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 3,255 1,375 1,880 24,530 11,480 13,050
Other places of birth in Americas 865 420 450 52,630 22,965 29,665
Europe 21,685 10,275 11,410 298,270 139,045 159,220
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 25 35 5,125 2,445 2,685
Croatia 90 65 30 4,680 2,195 2,475
France 355 175 185 4,585 2,175 2,410
Germany 2,570 1,060 1,505 11,090 5,220 5,870
Greece 425 235 195 19,235 9,185 10,050
Hungary 220 125 95 7,860 3,580 4,280
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 310 145 170 4,625 2,400 2,225
Italy 805 430 375 45,515 21,350 24,165
Netherlands 2,275 1,120 1,150 2,690 1,355 1,335
Poland 855 420 435 21,360 9,265 12,100
Portugal 1,610 835 775 38,575 18,485 20,090
Romania 270 135 130 12,875 5,690 7,185
Russian Federation 220 55 160 16,225 6,755 9,470
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 135 65 75 8,525 4,095 4,430
Ukraine 220 100 120 15,775 7,075 8,705
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 9,380 4,435 4,945 40,295 19,425 20,870
Other places of birth in Europe 1,880 850 1,035 39,225 18,350 20,880
Africa 1,580 830 750 77,445 36,520 40,925
Algeria 45 15 30 770 435 335
Egypt 330 180 145 6,620 3,490 3,130
Ethiopia 30 20 10 9,080 4,095 4,985
Kenya 75 40 35 4,880 2,195 2,685
Morocco 70 30 40 1,850 885 965
Nigeria 90 55 40 7,605 3,780 3,830
Somalia 0 10 0 9,025 3,605 5,410
South Africa, Republic of 285 145 135 5,560 2,710 2,845
Other places of birth in Africa 640 340 305 32,055 15,320 16,740
Asia 8,090 3,710 4,380 674,495 314,010 360,485
Afghanistan 75 30 40 12,740 6,455 6,285
Bangladesh 135 85 50 25,100 12,730 12,365
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,600 705 900 131,475 59,275 72,205
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 220 105 115 38,820 17,855 20,965
India 1,485 740 740 79,225 40,115 39,110
IranCensus data footnote 61 365 200 165 36,445 18,300 18,145
Iraq 95 55 40 11,135 5,490 5,645
Japan 115 25 90 3,985 1,260 2,725
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 590 275 315 26,835 12,330 14,500
Lebanon 110 75 35 6,010 3,350 2,660
Pakistan 520 275 245 34,750 17,535 17,215
Philippines 1,040 310 735 118,780 47,820 70,955
Sri Lanka 260 135 125 52,900 25,740 27,160
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 50 25 20 5,575 2,790 2,785
Taiwan 100 45 60 7,695 3,320 4,375
Viet Nam 345 140 200 30,575 13,725 16,850
Other places of birth in Asia 985 490 495 52,450 25,925 26,530
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 340 180 160 3,785 1,910 1,870
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,855 1,290 1,565 187,950 88,780 99,170
Americas 580 280 305 23,850 11,210 12,635
Brazil 75 40 30 1,915 930 980
Colombia 40 15 30 1,430 670 760
Cuba 15 10 0 770 345 430
Haiti 0 0 0 680 315 360
Jamaica 20 10 10 3,530 1,840 1,685
Mexico 75 25 45 2,065 995 1,070
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 260 120 135 4,015 2,085 1,925
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 1,055 480 575
Other places of birth in Americas 85 45 40 8,390 3,540 4,845
Europe 440 215 225 20,260 10,240 10,025
France 15 10 0 1,140 560 585
Germany 45 25 15 625 345 285
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 10 1,220 780 440
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 400 180 220
Romania 10 0 0 860