Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto [Economic region], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto
Ontario
[Economic region]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Toronto [Economic region], Ontario  Map : Toronto [Economic region], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 6,234,202 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 5,878,412 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.1 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 2,352,468 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 2,249,703 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 898.1 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 6,941.47 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 6,234,200 3,026,110 3,208,090 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 1,039,970 533,790 506,180 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 326,565 167,265 159,305 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 357,060 183,320 173,730 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 356,345 183,200 173,145 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 4,289,265 2,089,550 2,199,715 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 386,265 198,700 187,560 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 432,340 220,945 211,390 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 441,820 218,575 223,250 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 438,180 210,530 227,645 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 425,755 199,810 225,950 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 435,115 205,570 229,540 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 462,125 220,695 241,425 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 486,620 237,875 248,740 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 430,205 209,590 220,620 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 350,840 167,255 183,580 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 904,970 402,775 502,195 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 296,470 139,530 156,940 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 208,245 96,910 111,330 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 159,900 71,560 88,340 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 119,215 51,655 67,560 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 121,145 43,115 78,025 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 76,155 29,565 46,595 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 35,235 11,115 24,120 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 8,440 2,195 6,240 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 1,315 245 1,070 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.6 15.8 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 68.8 69.1 68.6 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.5 13.3 15.7 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.7 38.7 40.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 39.4 38.2 40.5 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 2,249,705 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 921,815 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 636,695 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 690,475 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 163,675 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 206,630 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 93,835 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 222,615 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,720 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 715 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 2,249,705 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 545,140 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 634,980 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 394,035 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 397,735 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 277,820 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 6,165,600 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 5,194,230 2,492,325 2,701,905 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 2,902,635 1,451,000 1,451,635 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 2,587,840 1,291,310 1,296,525 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 314,800 159,685 155,105 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 2,291,595 1,041,320 1,250,275 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 1,607,225 835,095 772,130 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 138,685 54,780 83,905 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 287,075 103,290 183,785 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 258,610 48,160 210,450 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,713,865 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 723,000 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 418,000 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 411,310 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 161,550 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,713,865 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 1,404,700 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 1,247,420 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 157,285 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 309,160 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 255,305 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 53,860 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,404,700 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 539,895 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 864,810 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 327,910 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 384,680 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 152,220 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 309,160 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 183,105 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 90,095 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 35,965 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 964,335 434,985 529,355 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 2,249,705 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,512,445 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 462,620 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 1,049,825 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 96,820 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 640,440 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 545,135 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 95,305 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 6,187,365 3,007,255 3,180,105 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 5,433,360 2,690,825 2,742,540 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 5,080 2,140 2,940 1,110 530 580
English and French 488,665 211,120 277,550 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 260,255 103,185 157,075 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 6,187,365 3,007,260 3,180,105 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 5,799,765 2,845,905 2,953,860 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 78,295 36,160 42,140 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 52,755 23,825 28,930 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 256,550 101,370 155,175 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 104,675 48,070 56,605 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 6,187,365 3,007,255 3,180,105 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 5,945,455 2,890,340 3,055,110 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 3,397,250 1,682,940 1,714,310 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 3,326,120 1,649,935 1,676,185 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 71,130 33,005 38,125 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 2,548,200 1,207,395 1,340,805 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 605 265 340 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 415 180 230 315 135 180
Blackfoot 5 10 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 120 45 75 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 5 10 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 15 20 15 10 5
Woods Cree 5 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 55 25 35 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 15 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 25 10 15 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 255 115 140 70 25 40
Algonquin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 230 110 125 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 30 10 15 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 10 15 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 5 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 5 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 10 5 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 40 15 25 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 35 15 25 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 20 5 15 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 20 5 10 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 5 0 5 10 0 5
Salish languages 5 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 5 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 90 45 40 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,547,600 1,207,135 1,340,465 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 141,580 70,725 70,855 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 215 130 90 95 55 35
Kabyle 100 55 45 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 115 75 45 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 14,455 6,220 8,240 1,355 675 680
Bilen 80 45 30 5 0 0
Oromo 1,015 490 525 165 95 75
Somali 13,300 5,645 7,650 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 30 10 5 5
Semitic languages 126,545 64,195 62,355 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 7,515 3,410 4,110 1,140 560 585
Arabic 86,605 44,585 42,020 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 9,950 4,870 5,085 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,810 905 905 440 240 195
Harari 940 440 495 25 10 15
Hebrew 10,380 5,555 4,825 1,770 960 805
Maltese 3,695 1,805 1,885 80 40 40
Tigrigna 4,750 2,175 2,570 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 905 450 450 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 355 185 175 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 51,135 23,335 27,800 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,015 1,365 1,655 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 48,045 21,945 26,100 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 70 25 40 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 162,855 64,570 98,285 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 470 205 265 310 140 170
Cebuano 5,135 2,040 3,095 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 55 30 25 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 2,335 895 1,445 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 9,435 3,700 5,745 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 30 15 20 15 0 10
Malay 4,470 2,015 2,460 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,315 590 725 635 290 345
Pangasinan 460 185 270 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 137,800 54,380 83,420 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 320 105 210 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,015 405 610 830 360 470
Creole languages 5,670 2,645 3,025 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 225 105 115 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 3,450 1,630 1,820 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,990 910 1,085 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 135,105 66,500 68,605 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 2,050 1,030 1,020 225 115 110
Malayalam 12,750 6,540 6,205 1,750 905 845
Tamil 110,915 53,865 57,045 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 9,120 4,930 4,190 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 280 135 140 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 1,391,750 673,845 717,905 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 13,295 6,630 6,665 1,090 560 530
Armenian 12,660 6,110 6,550 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 266,925 122,315 144,610 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 5,530 2,220 3,310 645 280 370
Latvian 2,310 925 1,380 320 145 175
Lithuanian 3,215 1,290 1,925 325 130 200
Slavic languages 261,395 120,095 141,300 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 360 170 190 60 30 30
Bosnian 2,760 1,335 1,425 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 7,010 3,380 3,630 1,725 805 915
Croatian 16,770 8,060 8,705 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 4,890 2,265 2,625 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 12,680 6,025 6,655 250 120 135
Polish 72,345 32,690 39,655 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 83,105 37,685 45,425 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 21,770 10,615 11,155 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 2,460 1,160 1,305 1,145 545 600
Slovak 5,355 2,475 2,880 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 3,880 1,710 2,170 545 250 290
Ukrainian 27,470 12,240 15,225 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 540 280 260 180 90 90
Celtic languages 495 235 265 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 185 85 100 125 65 60
Welsh 170 75 100 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 140 75 60 65 40 25
Germanic languages 49,180 22,260 26,920 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 1,060 510 555 1,435 730 705
Danish 1,610 735 875 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 10,010 4,695 5,315 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 190 80 110 80 30 50
German 30,915 13,815 17,100 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 90 45 50 155 70 80
Norwegian 415 180 225 835 410 430
Swedish 1,175 505 670 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 305 115 185 200 105 95
Yiddish 3,355 1,555 1,800 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 25 20 15
Greek 42,260 20,540 21,720 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 595,725 299,925 295,805 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 481,075 242,275 238,800 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 38,805 19,520 19,285 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 64,820 32,465 32,355 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 48,620 24,410 24,215 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 275 140 135 40 25 15
Konkani 2,175 1,030 1,145 225 110 110
Marathi 4,510 2,290 2,220 535 280 255
Nepali 4,695 2,360 2,335 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 590 320 270 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 171,465 87,125 84,340 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 5,875 2,750 3,125 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 8,035 3,885 4,150 1,455 730 725
Urdu 131,205 65,985 65,220 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 112,705 56,625 56,085 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 2,800 1,575 1,225 1,650 875 780
Pashto 7,855 4,050 3,810 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 102,050 50,995 51,050 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,950 1,030 920 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 411,210 195,830 215,375 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 170 95 85 125 65 55
Italian 153,095 73,500 79,595 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 103,775 49,730 54,045 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 25,535 11,875 13,655 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 128,405 60,530 67,875 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 225 105 125 60 40 25
Japanese 9,730 3,400 6,330 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 1,105 595 510 65 40 25
Georgian 1,110 595 510 65 40 25
Korean 55,300 25,400 29,905 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 350 160 190 340 145 200
Mongolian 350 160 190 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 24,615 11,545 13,070 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 8,540 3,930 4,610 405 220 180
Bamanankan 55 30 30 10 10 5
Edo 1,030 415 615 80 45 30
Ewe 380 185 195 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 230 120 110 20 10 5
Ga 455 205 250 35 15 15
Ganda 520 245 275 65 35 30
Igbo 1,575 805 775 160 90 65
Lingala 395 190 210 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 370 175 195 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 400 180 220 105 45 55
Shona 720 345 380 150 70 85
Swahili 3,290 1,535 1,750 585 285 295
Wolof 165 85 80 30 10 20
Yoruba 3,445 1,750 1,695 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,040 1,355 1,685 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 375 205 160 265 135 135
Dinka 40 25 20 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 330 185 145 190 85 100
Sign languages 1,300 700 605 620 330 295
American Sign Language 505 265 245 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 795 440 360 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 519,890 241,410 278,480 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 513,390 238,240 275,145 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 248,980 115,625 133,355 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 6,530 2,930 3,600 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 228,755 106,410 122,345 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 770 365 400 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 11,625 5,360 6,265 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,330 2,400 2,935 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,210 5,055 6,160 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 190 90 95 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,505 3,170 3,330 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 1,005 455 555 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 265 125 140 770 370 400
Tibetan 4,885 2,415 2,470 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 345 175 170 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 3,960 1,610 2,355 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 2,195 1,060 1,130 800 405 400
Thai 1,740 540 1,205 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 5 15 20 10 10
Turkic languages 16,775 8,725 8,050 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 1,615 865 755 495 275 225
Turkish 13,755 7,175 6,580 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 395 195 195 165 80 85
Uzbek 595 300 295 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 415 190 225 165 70 95
Uralic languages 25,115 11,260 13,850 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 2,765 1,160 1,610 455 195 260
Finnish 2,575 1,040 1,535 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 19,770 9,065 10,710 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 970 500 470 365 200 170
Multiple responses 241,910 116,915 124,995 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 15,865 7,345 8,520 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 213,300 103,825 109,470 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 6,205 2,795 3,410 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 6,550 2,955 3,595 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 6,187,365 3,007,260 3,180,105 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 5,618,495 2,733,315 2,885,175 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 4,151,660 2,039,295 2,112,370 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 4,119,700 2,024,485 2,095,215 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 31,965 14,810 17,155 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 1,466,830 694,025 772,810 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 160 85 80 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 75 40 40 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 15 10 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 5 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 25 25 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 35 20 15 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 5 5 5 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 5 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 5 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 0 0 0
Haida 0 5 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 10 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 5 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 5 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 50 25 25 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,466,670 693,945 772,730 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 74,640 35,765 38,875 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 65 30 30 40 20 20
Kabyle 35 20 15 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 8,410 3,545 4,865 695 315 380
Bilen 40 15 25 0 0 0
Oromo 555 255 295 80 40 35
Somali 7,785 3,255 4,530 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 5 5 5
Semitic languages 65,980 32,100 33,880 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 3,830 1,690 2,145 535 250 290
Arabic 45,655 22,470 23,185 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 6,645 3,190 3,460 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,075 525 550 305 160 145
Harari 525 240 285 10 5 5
Hebrew 4,385 2,260 2,125 785 400 385
Maltese 915 420 495 5 5 0
Tigrigna 2,480 1,090 1,395 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 470 220 245 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 33,420 15,240 18,185 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,615 700 915 620 290 330
Vietnamese 31,775 14,525 17,250 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 30 15 20 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 73,035 31,170 41,860 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 85 35 50 70 30 35
Cebuano 1,895 820 1,080 1,085 485 600
Fijian 10 5 5 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 780 335 450 355 150 205
Ilocano 3,440 1,475 1,965 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 15 10 10 5 5 0
Malay 1,465 705 755 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 405 180 225 135 65 75
Pangasinan 75 35 40 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 64,495 27,405 37,090 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 75 30 50 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 285 130 150 260 130 130
Creole languages 2,900 1,340 1,565 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 130 60 65 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 1,970 910 1,060 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 800 365 430 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 89,300 43,085 46,215 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 830 420 415 95 45 50
Malayalam 6,530 3,335 3,190 885 450 435
Tamil 76,905 36,645 40,260 1,935 965 965
Telugu 4,935 2,640 2,295 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 730,175 350,535 379,640 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 6,395 3,200 3,190 530 255 270
Armenian 7,505 3,550 3,965 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 136,810 63,965 72,845 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 1,645 685 960 160 75 90
Latvian 595 240 355 65 30 35
Lithuanian 1,045 445 605 90 45 50
Slavic languages 135,170 63,280 71,885 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 120 60 65 10 5 5
Bosnian 1,330 645 690 540 270 270
Bulgarian 3,895 1,900 1,995 925 425 495
Croatian 6,015 2,880 3,135 1,795 840 955
Czech 1,435 695 740 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 5,140 2,435 2,710 120 60 60
Polish 34,330 16,005 18,325 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 53,515 24,855 28,660 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 12,385 6,000 6,390 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 960 450 510 435 205 235
Slovak 2,300 1,120 1,185 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 920 395 515 60 25 35
Ukrainian 12,680 5,785 6,895 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 145 60 85 25 10 15
Celtic languages 65 35 30 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 30 15 10 15 5 5
Welsh 15 10 10 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 5 0 0
Germanic languages 5,550 2,520 3,030 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 295 140 155 520 250 265
Danish 135 65 75 180 90 90
Dutch 730 330 400 685 325 365
Frisian 10 5 5 5 5 0
German 3,710 1,665 2,040 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 25 10 15 50 25 30
Norwegian 45 20 25 75 35 35
Swedish 220 100 125 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 15 20 15 5
Yiddish 355 180 180 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 0
Greek 17,225 8,040 9,180 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 370,650 183,405 187,250 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 295,325 146,735 148,585 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 24,870 12,265 12,600 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 38,595 18,905 19,690 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 24,215 12,030 12,185 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 50 25 25 5 0 0
Konkani 445 210 235 40 15 15
Marathi 2,040 1,050 990 245 125 120
Nepali 3,095 1,565 1,530 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 275 140 140 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 116,115 58,385 57,725 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 2,510 1,150 1,365 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,620 1,770 1,850 595 290 305
Urdu 79,500 39,245 40,255 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 74,555 36,270 38,280 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 1,480 805 675 1,025 515 505
Pashto 4,930 2,480 2,455 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 68,140 32,995 35,145 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 775 400 380 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 185,970 85,810 100,155 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 80 40 45 60 30 35
Italian 52,280 22,440 29,840 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 49,840 23,870 25,970 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 12,410 5,760 6,650 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 71,290 33,675 37,615 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 10 5 10
Japanese 4,590 1,965 2,625 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 745 405 340 15 10 10
Georgian 745 405 335 15 10 10
Korean 38,610 18,045 20,565 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 205 105 105 160 80 85
Mongolian 205 105 100 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 9,050 4,035 5,010 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 4,065 1,760 2,305 125 70 55
Bamanankan 15 5 10 5 5 5
Edo 290 115 175 15 5 5
Ewe 95 40 55 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 35 45 0 0 0
Ga 145 65 85 5 0 0
Ganda 155 65 85 5 5 5
Igbo 420 210 215 35 20 15
Lingala 105 45 60 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 135 65 75 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 55 70 45 15 30
Shona 240 115 125 40 15 20
Swahili 1,245 550 695 155 60 90
Wolof 75 45 30 0 0 0
Yoruba 1,095 525 565 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 755 340 415 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 45 45 105 50 55
Dinka 10 10 5 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 60 20 40
Sign languages 2,050 1,170 875 830 460 370
American Sign Language 770 395 370 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,280 770 510 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 387,190 181,130 206,065 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 382,595 178,860 203,730 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 183,450 84,365 99,085 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 2,735 1,245 1,490 670 280 390
Mandarin 180,885 86,115 94,770 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 245 105 135 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,075 2,320 2,755 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,150 1,480 1,670 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,975 3,195 3,775 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,600 2,270 2,330 1,630 820 810
Burmese 570 265 305 685 350 335
Karenic languages 210 105 105 685 335 350
Tibetan 3,715 1,845 1,865 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 100 55 50 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 1,670 785 885 1,015 435 580
Lao 1,015 490 520 335 160 175
Thai 650 285 360 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 5 5 5
Turkic languages 9,515 4,770 4,755 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 645 325 320 185 95 90
Turkish 8,175 4,080 4,095 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 230 125 110 100 50 50
Uzbek 315 165 145 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 155 70 75 40 15 25
Uralic languages 9,160 4,195 4,965 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 650 240 415 75 30 45
Finnish 480 210 270 435 190 240
Hungarian 8,025 3,745 4,285 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 320 165 155 110 50 60
Multiple responses 568,870 273,940 294,930 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 13,745 6,285 7,455 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 541,750 261,790 279,965 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 2,440 1,080 1,365 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 10,935 4,790 6,145 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 6,187,365 3,007,260 3,180,105 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 4,771,940 2,328,490 2,443,445 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 601,065 294,730 306,335 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 56,935 24,605 32,330 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 730,875 347,040 383,835 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 525 230 295 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 730,350 346,810 383,540 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 4,090 1,880 2,210 965 435 530
English and non-official language 13,645 6,675 6,970 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 8,565 3,725 4,840 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 255 115 140 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,127,565 2,465,145 2,662,420 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,867,890 2,341,390 2,526,495 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,001 37,081 28,205 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,868,795 2,341,595 2,527,200 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,479 33,581 26,332 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,296,980 2,116,635 2,180,340 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,895 38,686 28,032 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,492,795 1,537,600 1,955,195 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,321 1,060 3,854 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,634,695 1,844,230 1,790,465 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,913 39,713 30,749 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 5,127,565 2,465,135 2,662,435 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,867,905 2,341,125 2,526,780 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,416 60,259 41,296 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,868,800 2,341,350 2,527,445 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,559 47,030 34,565 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,296,625 2,116,255 2,180,375 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,882 62,603 41,477 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,492,260 1,537,245 1,955,015 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,443 5,589 7,115 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,634,695 1,844,350 1,790,350 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,594 60,847 42,063 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 5,127,565 2,465,135 2,662,435 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,732,445 956,920 775,520 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,715 61,339 52,017 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 74,525 83,831 63,041 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.8 93.8 86.7 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.3 79.5 72.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.2 6.2 13.3 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 5,127,570 2,465,145 2,662,420 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 259,680 123,755 135,925 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 4,867,890 2,341,390 2,526,500 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.9 95.0 94.9 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 850,760 383,365 467,395 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 860,845 362,785 498,065 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 616,775 265,280 351,495 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 488,220 220,375 267,845 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 431,695 200,935 230,760 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 344,940 168,770 176,175 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 273,180 142,460 130,720 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 215,270 117,935 97,330 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 172,035 96,395 75,645 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 146,455 78,960 67,490 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 467,725 304,140 163,580 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 289,295 179,660 109,635 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 178,430 124,485 53,945 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 5,127,565 2,465,145 2,662,420 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 258,770 123,550 135,220 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 4,868,795 2,341,595 2,527,200 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.0 94.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 865,940 388,325 477,615 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 894,920 378,810 516,110 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 705,330 306,720 398,610 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 583,650 268,290 315,355 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 500,340 240,710 259,635 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 369,040 191,325 177,715 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 271,845 150,780 121,060 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 210,910 116,515 94,400 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 466,820 300,120 166,700 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 140,730 81,340 59,390 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 84,200 53,210 30,995 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 241,885 165,575 76,315 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 5,127,570 2,465,145 2,662,420 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 1,492,870 620,915 871,955 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 3,634,695 1,844,230 1,790,470 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 70.9 74.8 67.2 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 462,940 219,525 243,425 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 299,400 134,955 164,445 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 491,370 230,165 261,200 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 387,370 177,760 209,610 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 352,280 164,255 188,025 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 325,475 154,225 171,250 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 269,240 136,390 132,855 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 217,295 116,415 100,880 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 175,750 99,220 76,530 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 653,575 411,325 242,255 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 145,105 83,190 61,915 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 129,705 69,990 59,715 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 378,765 258,145 120,620 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 2,249,705 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,676 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,856 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 545,135 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,604 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,320 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,704,565 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,776 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,773 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 2,249,705 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 109,090 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,778 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 545,245 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,558 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,604 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,704,460 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,214 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,589 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 2,249,700 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 48,180 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 33,265 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 53,350 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 78,785 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 76,775 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 78,400 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 80,655 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 82,555 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 82,940 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 81,385 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 158,445 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 149,175 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 138,685 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 129,205 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 119,740 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 858,155 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 242,750 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 178,170 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 213,020 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 224,220 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,249,700 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 51,015 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 33,655 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 54,235 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 81,805 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 84,245 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 86,510 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 91,825 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 97,495 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 100,145 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 98,460 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 189,855 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 174,620 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 161,990 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 145,090 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 125,425 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 673,335 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 243,325 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 159,030 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 270,985 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,643,655 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,466 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,425 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 450,490 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,144 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,859 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 864,260 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,898 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,263 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 272,855 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,244 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,793 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,642,870 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 126,678 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,694 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 450,560 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 119,383 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,957 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 864,735 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 148,707 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,866 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 271,225 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,407 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,688 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 781,470 369,605 411,865 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,763 33,916 31,879 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,985 30,740 29,410 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 779,995 368,475 411,515 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,828 50,519 45,418 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,980 40,370 37,735 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 6,165,600 2,997,950 3,167,650 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,938,540 1,397,320 1,541,230 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 676,120 326,535 349,585 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 606,155 279,150 327,015 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 563,160 265,280 297,885 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 544,890 260,960 283,930 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 548,220 265,400 282,820 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 3,227,055 1,600,635 1,626,425 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 559,915 272,570 287,340 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 580,740 284,615 296,120 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 617,835 305,590 312,245 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 680,510 338,890 341,620 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 788,065 398,970 389,095 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 6,165,205 2,997,755 3,167,450 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 1,261,825 647,850 613,975 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 394,455 202,140 192,310 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 4,043,815 1,960,900 2,082,915 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 859,570 389,005 470,560 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 945,120 445,130 499,985 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 244,610 126,045 118,565 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 79,010 40,625 38,385 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 584,600 273,440 311,160 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 115,905 45,645 70,260 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.3 14.8 15.8 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 19.4 19.5 19.3 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 20.0 20.1 20.0 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 14.5 13.9 14.9 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 13.5 11.7 14.9 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 769,025 368,690 400,335 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 183,495 94,555 88,945 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 59,780 30,725 29,060 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 512,610 246,395 266,210 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 72,915 27,740 45,175 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.5 12.3 12.6 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 14.5 14.6 14.5 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 15.2 15.2 15.1 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.7 12.6 12.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 8.5 7.1 9.6 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 6,165,600 2,997,985 3,167,615 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 5,906,410 2,895,015 3,011,395 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 5,901,645 2,893,055 3,008,590 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 490,680 211,075 279,605 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 3,153,820 1,503,675 1,650,150 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 1,195 490 710 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 995 410 585 485 200 290
Blackfoot 10 10 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 225 100 130 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 55 30 25 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 15 30 20 10 20
Woods Cree 20 15 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 100 45 60 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 45 20 25 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 45 20 25 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 725 285 435 140 40 100
Algonquin 15 0 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 690 280 415 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 10 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 15 10 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 15 0 10 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 30 10 20 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 20 10 15 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 85 40 50 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 70 30 40 10 10 0
Oneida 10 0 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 20 10 10 30 15 15
Salish languages 10 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 10 0 10 30 15 20
Dakota 10 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 10 0 10 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,152,680 1,503,210 1,649,475 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 213,065 107,025 106,040 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 245 135 110 125 80 45
Kabyle 75 40 40 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 175 95 80 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 20,520 8,955 11,565 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 85 50 35 15 0 15
Oromo 1,395 600 800 190 110 80
Somali 19,030 8,280 10,750 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 85 30 50 10 0 10
Semitic languages 193,560 98,565 94,995 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 11,485 5,350 6,135 1,755 905 855
Arabic 127,595 65,960 61,625 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 12,225 5,975 6,255 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,180 1,085 1,090 545 270 275
Harari 1,270 640 635 55 35 20
Hebrew 38,340 19,560 18,780 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 4,865 2,365 2,500 165 90 80
Tigrigna 5,975 2,790 3,180 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,130 555 575 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 740 340 405 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 66,875 30,690 36,185 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,165 1,835 2,330 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 62,985 29,005 33,985 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 10 35 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 208,410 83,040 125,370 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 585 260 330 495 205 285
Cebuano 7,515 3,035 4,485 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 50 20 30 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 2,550 1,010 1,530 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 12,800 5,040 7,765 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 90 45 45 10 0 0
Malay 7,440 3,410 4,030 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,650 740 910 775 350 430
Pangasinan 450 200 255 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 195,790 77,565 118,225 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 315 100 220 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,305 545 765 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 17,315 7,775 9,535 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 690 305 385 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 9,350 4,200 5,150 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 7,430 3,325 4,100 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 178,705 88,885 89,815 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 4,525 2,280 2,245 445 210 235
Malayalam 17,550 8,910 8,640 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 147,970 72,895 75,075 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 13,780 7,530 6,255 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 435 230 210 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 1,793,870 873,140 920,730 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 15,415 7,700 7,710 1,135 580 555
Armenian 15,310 7,310 7,995 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 307,305 143,315 163,990 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 6,420 2,625 3,790 635 310 325
Latvian 2,670 1,135 1,535 310 175 140
Lithuanian 3,750 1,495 2,260 325 135 185
Slavic languages 302,600 141,410 161,190 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 955 505 450 205 95 110
Bosnian 4,420 2,145 2,275 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 8,080 3,960 4,120 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 24,285 11,845 12,440 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 6,510 3,095 3,415 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 17,550 8,435 9,115 345 180 160
Polish 86,300 39,470 46,830 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 111,515 51,750 59,760 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 28,010 13,900 14,115 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 2,910 1,415 1,500 1,240 595 645
Slovak 6,205 2,860 3,350 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 4,610 2,065 2,540 725 330 400
Ukrainian 39,275 17,675 21,605 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 680 390 290 250 120 125
Celtic languages 2,040 1,045 995 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 720 365 350 350 225 120
Welsh 260 115 140 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 1,065 570 500 685 370 320
Germanic languages 84,965 40,310 44,655 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 4,450 2,170 2,285 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 2,200 985 1,210 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 13,180 6,145 7,030 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 265 115 150 120 55 65
German 57,165 27,260 29,905 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 150 55 85 215 110 100
Norwegian 1,005 490 515 1,405 730 680
Swedish 2,620 1,200 1,420 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 290 115 170 220 125 100
Yiddish 6,530 3,210 3,320 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 75 40 30
Greek 61,935 30,450 31,485 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 773,455 390,400 383,055 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 646,525 326,940 319,590 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 49,050 24,905 24,145 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 88,455 44,230 44,225 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 209,850 106,625 103,225 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 495 255 240 45 25 20
Konkani 5,055 2,305 2,755 375 185 190
Marathi 8,725 4,505 4,220 1,275 650 625
Nepali 6,415 3,170 3,245 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 930 440 485 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 244,900 125,760 119,140 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 9,805 4,605 5,200 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15,530 7,770 7,765 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 197,805 100,140 97,675 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 132,425 66,075 66,345 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 3,875 2,205 1,675 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 11,515 6,115 5,400 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 121,440 60,310 61,130 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 3,600 1,950 1,650 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 572,510 271,405 301,105 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 320 165 150 245 125 120
Italian 222,755 106,620 116,135 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 133,265 64,015 69,245 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 30,360 14,060 16,295 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 209,375 97,670 111,705 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 670 335 340 220 130 85
Japanese 17,650 7,610 10,040 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 1,465 740 725 90 50 40
Georgian 1,465 740 720 90 50 45
Korean 62,730 29,345 33,380 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 440 185 255 320 155 170
Mongolian 440 190 255 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 48,715 23,215 25,500 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 13,850 6,425 7,425 495 280 215
Bamanankan 220 120 100 20 10 10
Edo 1,915 835 1,080 115 65 55
Ewe 525 270 255 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 480 240 240 45 10 35
Ga 1,025 495 530 95 60 35
Ganda 860 415 450 105 60 45
Igbo 2,995 1,480 1,510 240 140 95
Lingala 2,205 975 1,235 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 590 275 320 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 750 325 425 210 95 115
Shona 1,220 540 680 265 125 140
Swahili 10,525 5,210 5,315 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 425 185 235 30 15 15
Yoruba 8,105 4,055 4,055 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,620 3,065 3,545 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 510 295 215 300 150 150
Dinka 85 60 20 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 425 230 195 250 120 135
Sign languages 6,575 2,755 3,820 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 3,895 1,435 2,460 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 15 0 10 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,775 1,365 1,405 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 584,845 274,435 310,410 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 577,725 270,930 306,800 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 308,185 143,230 164,955 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 7,205 3,155 4,045 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 315,835 146,905 168,925 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 710 290 425 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 14,050 6,310 7,740 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,965 3,245 3,720 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,660 5,290 6,365 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 7,505 3,715 3,785 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 1,340 610 730 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 245 110 135 905 455 450
Tibetan 5,490 2,740 2,750 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 505 295 215 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 5,090 2,210 2,885 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 2,825 1,335 1,485 1,125 505 620
Thai 2,555 995 1,555 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 10 10 0
Turkic languages 24,805 12,900 11,900 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 2,665 1,355 1,310 835 455 385
Turkish 20,855 10,895 9,960 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 490 230 260 105 50 55
Uzbek 815 440 375 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 560 270 295 225 125 105
Uralic languages 28,445 12,950 15,495 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 3,045 1,335 1,710 495 205 295
Finnish 2,850 1,230 1,620 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 22,615 10,395 12,215 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 2,355 1,220 1,130 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 6,165,600 2,997,985 3,167,615 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 5,427,650 2,647,135 2,780,520 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,168,090 599,370 568,720 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 4,259,560 2,047,765 2,211,795 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 737,950 350,855 387,095 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 6,165,600 2,997,985 3,167,610 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,270,330 1,634,580 1,635,755 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,756,645 1,294,280 1,462,365 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 634,265 295,550 338,710 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 377,295 180,415 196,875 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 647,110 302,230 344,880 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 737,850 345,745 392,105 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 384,620 181,205 203,415 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 353,235 164,540 188,695 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 360,130 170,340 189,790 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 138,625 69,130 69,500 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,756,650 1,294,285 1,462,365 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 231,670 115,375 116,290 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 461,170 232,220 228,950 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 600,970 266,960 334,005 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 1,172,935 550,180 622,750 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 289,905 129,540 160,365 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,756,645 1,294,280 1,462,365 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 423,325 187,835 235,490 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 10,790 5,005 5,785 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 17,430 7,990 9,440 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 11,190 5,575 5,610 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 71,305 31,565 39,740 920 415 500
Haiti 2,715 1,280 1,435 265 110 160
Jamaica 103,900 43,615 60,285 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 11,580 5,130 6,450 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 8,210 3,640 4,570 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 45,025 19,965 25,060 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 48,625 22,570 26,050 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 92,565 41,515 51,050 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 637,680 301,330 336,350 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,835 4,890 4,945 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 12,390 5,940 6,445 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 7,080 3,340 3,745 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 24,145 11,355 12,790 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 28,470 13,915 14,555 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 12,310 5,625 6,685 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 8,670 4,195 4,480 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 104,795 51,175 53,625 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 8,945 4,365 4,580 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 59,130 26,505 32,625 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 70,280 33,840 36,445 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 26,060 11,880 14,180 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 34,575 14,940 19,635 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 13,395 6,500 6,895 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 32,310 14,790 17,520 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 109,500 52,190 57,315 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 75,770 35,885 39,890 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 155,780 75,140 80,640 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 1,250 650 600 430 270 150
Egypt 25,190 13,075 12,115 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 10,950 5,000 5,945 1,665 835 825
Kenya 11,475 5,250 6,230 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 3,545 1,745 1,795 730 385 340
Nigeria 16,770 8,310 8,460 1,205 630 575
Somalia 10,880 4,370 6,510 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 13,525 6,610 6,915 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 62,195 30,125 32,065 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 1,532,405 726,320 806,075 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 26,255 13,140 13,115 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 32,785 16,525 16,265 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 268,750 122,405 146,345 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 100,505 47,180 53,325 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 309,810 154,460 155,350 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 74,815 37,315 37,505 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 29,080 14,555 14,525 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 5,935 1,910 4,030 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 46,045 21,475 24,570 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 13,865 7,450 6,415 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 121,215 61,240 59,970 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 194,840 79,755 115,085 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 103,020 50,290 52,730 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10,820 5,450 5,370 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 15,090 6,565 8,525 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 59,405 26,825 32,580 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 120,165 59,790 60,375 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 7,460 3,655 3,810 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 360,130 170,340 189,790 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 41,650 19,910 21,745 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 2,590 1,220 1,375 960 445 520
Colombia 2,680 1,265 1,415 465 220 240
Cuba 1,225 550 680 70 35 30
Haiti 905 440 465 15 0 10
Jamaica 7,520 3,960 3,555 160 115 45
Mexico 3,065 1,455 1,615 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,300 4,180 4,115 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,900 885 1,015 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 13,470 5,955 7,510 1,855 875 975
Europe 32,055 15,700 16,355 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 1,400 680 720 790 415 370
Germany 925 495 430 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,515 955 565 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66