Census Profile, 2016 Census
Toronto [Economic region], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Toronto
Ontario
[Economic region]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Toronto [Economic region], Ontario  Map : Toronto [Economic region], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 6,234,202 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 5,878,412 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.1 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 2,352,468 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 2,249,703 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 898.1 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 6,941.47 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 6,234,200 3,026,110 3,208,090 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 1,039,970 533,790 506,180 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 326,565 167,265 159,305 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 357,060 183,320 173,730 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 356,345 183,200 173,145 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 4,289,265 2,089,550 2,199,715 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 386,265 198,700 187,560 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 432,340 220,945 211,390 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 441,820 218,575 223,250 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 438,180 210,530 227,645 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 425,755 199,810 225,950 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 435,115 205,570 229,540 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 462,125 220,695 241,425 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 486,620 237,875 248,740 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 430,205 209,590 220,620 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 350,840 167,255 183,580 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 904,970 402,775 502,195 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 296,470 139,530 156,940 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 208,245 96,910 111,330 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 159,900 71,560 88,340 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 119,215 51,655 67,560 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 121,145 43,115 78,025 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 76,155 29,565 46,595 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 35,235 11,115 24,120 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 8,440 2,195 6,240 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 1,315 245 1,070 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.7 17.6 15.8 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.8 69.1 68.6 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.5 13.3 15.7 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.9 1.4 2.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 39.7 38.7 40.6 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 39.4 38.2 40.5 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 2,249,705 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 921,815 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 636,695 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 690,475 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 163,675 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 206,630 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 93,835 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 222,615 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 3,720 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 715 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 2,249,705 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 545,140 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 634,980 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 394,035 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 397,735 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 277,820 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 6,165,600 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 5,194,230 2,492,325 2,701,905 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 2,902,635 1,451,000 1,451,635 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 2,587,840 1,291,310 1,296,525 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 314,800 159,685 155,105 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 2,291,595 1,041,320 1,250,275 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 1,607,225 835,095 772,130 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 138,685 54,780 83,905 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 287,075 103,290 183,785 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 258,610 48,160 210,450 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 1,713,865 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 723,000 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 418,000 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 411,310 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 161,550 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 1,713,865 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 1,404,700 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 1,247,420 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 157,285 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 309,160 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 255,305 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 53,860 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 1,404,700 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 539,895 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 864,810 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 327,910 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 384,680 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 152,220 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 309,160 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 183,105 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 90,095 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 35,965 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 964,335 434,985 529,355 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 2,249,705 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 1,512,445 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 462,620 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 1,049,825 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 96,820 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 640,440 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 545,135 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 95,305 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 6,187,365 3,007,255 3,180,105 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 5,433,360 2,690,825 2,742,540 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 5,080 2,140 2,940 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 488,665 211,120 277,550 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 260,255 103,185 157,075 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 6,187,365 3,007,260 3,180,105 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 5,799,765 2,845,905 2,953,860 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 78,295 36,160 42,140 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 52,755 23,825 28,930 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 256,550 101,370 155,175 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 104,675 48,070 56,605 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 6,187,365 3,007,255 3,180,105 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 5,945,455 2,890,340 3,055,110 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 3,397,250 1,682,940 1,714,310 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 3,326,120 1,649,935 1,676,185 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 71,130 33,005 38,125 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 2,548,200 1,207,395 1,340,805 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 605 265 340 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 415 180 230 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 5 10 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 120 45 75 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 10 5 10 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 5 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 5 0 5 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 30 15 20 355 135 225
Woods Cree 5 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 55 25 35 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 25 10 15 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 25 10 15 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 255 115 140 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 5 0 5 65 30 35
Ojibway 230 110 125 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 10 5 5 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 10 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 30 10 15 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 20 10 15 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 5 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 5 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 10 5 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 5 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 40 15 25 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 35 15 25 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 20 5 15 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 20 5 10 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 5 25 15 15
Salish languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 90 45 40 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 2,547,600 1,207,135 1,340,465 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 141,580 70,725 70,855 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 215 130 90 725 405 320
Kabyle 100 55 45 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 115 75 45 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 14,455 6,220 8,240 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 80 45 30 250 140 110
Oromo 1,015 490 525 1,445 720 730
Somali 13,300 5,645 7,650 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 65 40 30 225 115 110
Semitic languages 126,545 64,195 62,355 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 7,515 3,410 4,110 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 86,605 44,585 42,020 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 9,950 4,870 5,085 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,810 905 905 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 940 440 495 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 10,380 5,555 4,825 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 3,695 1,805 1,885 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 4,750 2,175 2,570 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 905 450 450 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 355 185 175 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 51,135 23,335 27,800 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 3,015 1,365 1,655 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 48,045 21,945 26,100 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 70 25 40 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 162,855 64,570 98,285 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 470 205 265 595 260 330
Cebuano 5,135 2,040 3,095 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 55 30 25 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 2,335 895 1,445 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 9,435 3,700 5,745 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 30 15 20 100 45 55
Malay 4,470 2,015 2,460 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,315 590 725 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 460 185 270 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 137,800 54,380 83,420 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 320 105 210 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,015 405 610 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 5,670 2,645 3,025 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 225 105 115 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 3,450 1,630 1,820 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 1,990 910 1,085 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 135,105 66,500 68,605 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 2,050 1,030 1,020 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 12,750 6,540 6,205 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 110,915 53,865 57,045 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 9,120 4,930 4,190 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 280 135 140 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 1,391,750 673,845 717,905 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 13,295 6,630 6,665 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 12,660 6,110 6,550 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 266,925 122,315 144,610 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 5,530 2,220 3,310 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 2,310 925 1,380 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 3,215 1,290 1,925 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 261,395 120,095 141,300 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 360 170 190 515 230 280
Bosnian 2,760 1,335 1,425 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 7,010 3,380 3,630 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 16,770 8,060 8,705 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 4,890 2,265 2,625 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 12,680 6,025 6,655 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 72,345 32,690 39,655 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 83,105 37,685 45,425 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 21,770 10,615 11,155 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 2,460 1,160 1,305 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 5,355 2,475 2,880 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 3,880 1,710 2,170 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 27,470 12,240 15,225 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 540 280 260 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 495 235 265 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 185 85 100 450 210 240
Welsh 170 75 100 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 140 75 60 225 120 110
Germanic languages 49,180 22,260 26,920 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 1,060 510 555 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 1,610 735 875 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 10,010 4,695 5,315 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 190 80 110 1,240 630 620
German 30,915 13,815 17,100 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 90 45 50 210 100 110
Norwegian 415 180 225 940 405 540
Swedish 1,175 505 670 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 305 115 185 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 3,355 1,555 1,800 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 170 80 85
Greek 42,260 20,540 21,720 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 595,725 299,925 295,805 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 481,075 242,275 238,800 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 38,805 19,520 19,285 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 64,820 32,465 32,355 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 48,620 24,410 24,215 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 275 140 135 345 170 175
Konkani 2,175 1,030 1,145 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 4,510 2,290 2,220 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 4,695 2,360 2,335 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 590 320 270 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 171,465 87,125 84,340 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 5,875 2,750 3,125 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 8,035 3,885 4,150 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 131,205 65,985 65,220 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 112,705 56,625 56,085 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 2,800 1,575 1,225 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 7,855 4,050 3,810 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 102,050 50,995 51,050 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 1,950 1,030 920 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 411,210 195,830 215,375 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 170 95 85 285 150 135
Italian 153,095 73,500 79,595 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 103,775 49,730 54,045 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 25,535 11,875 13,655 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 128,405 60,530 67,875 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 225 105 125 420 200 215
Japanese 9,730 3,400 6,330 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 1,105 595 510 1,200 635 565
Georgian 1,110 595 510 1,200 635 565
Korean 55,300 25,400 29,905 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 350 160 190 405 180 220
Mongolian 350 160 190 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 24,615 11,545 13,070 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 8,540 3,930 4,610 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 55 30 30 140 60 80
Edo 1,030 415 615 1,140 475 670
Ewe 380 185 195 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 230 120 110 365 180 185
Ga 455 205 250 600 275 325
Ganda 520 245 275 760 360 400
Igbo 1,575 805 775 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 395 190 210 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 370 175 195 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 400 180 220 1,330 545 785
Shona 720 345 380 1,455 660 790
Swahili 3,290 1,535 1,750 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 165 85 80 290 145 150
Yoruba 3,445 1,750 1,695 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 3,040 1,355 1,685 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 375 205 160 1,610 810 800
Dinka 40 25 20 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 330 185 145 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 1,300 700 605 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 505 265 245 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 795 440 360 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 519,890 241,410 278,480 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 513,390 238,240 275,145 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 248,980 115,625 133,355 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 6,530 2,930 3,600 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 228,755 106,410 122,345 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 770 365 400 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 11,625 5,360 6,265 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 5,330 2,400 2,935 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,210 5,055 6,160 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 190 90 95 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 6,505 3,170 3,330 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 1,005 455 555 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 265 125 140 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 4,885 2,415 2,470 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 345 175 170 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 3,960 1,610 2,355 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 2,195 1,060 1,130 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 1,740 540 1,205 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 20 5 15 25 10 15
Turkic languages 16,775 8,725 8,050 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 1,615 865 755 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 13,755 7,175 6,580 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 395 195 195 515 255 260
Uzbek 595 300 295 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 415 190 225 640 295 345
Uralic languages 25,115 11,260 13,850 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 2,765 1,160 1,610 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 2,575 1,040 1,535 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 19,770 9,065 10,710 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 970 500 470 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 241,910 116,915 124,995 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 15,865 7,345 8,520 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 213,300 103,825 109,470 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 6,205 2,795 3,410 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 6,550 2,955 3,595 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 6,187,365 3,007,260 3,180,105 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 5,618,495 2,733,315 2,885,175 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 4,151,660 2,039,295 2,112,370 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 4,119,700 2,024,485 2,095,215 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 31,965 14,810 17,155 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 1,466,830 694,025 772,810 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 160 85 80 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 75 40 40 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 15 10 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 5 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 5 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 5 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 25 25 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 35 20 15 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 5 5 5 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 5 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 15 5 5 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 10 5 5 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 5 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 5 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 5 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 0 5 0
Haida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 10 10 5 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 5 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 5 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 5 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 50 25 25 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,466,670 693,945 772,730 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 74,640 35,765 38,875 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 65 30 30 345 175 170
Kabyle 35 20 15 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 8,410 3,545 4,865 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 40 15 25 170 80 85
Oromo 555 255 295 805 380 425
Somali 7,785 3,255 4,530 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 110 50 65
Semitic languages 65,980 32,100 33,880 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 3,830 1,690 2,145 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 45,655 22,470 23,185 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 6,645 3,190 3,460 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,075 525 550 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 525 240 285 555 250 305
Hebrew 4,385 2,260 2,125 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 915 420 495 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 2,480 1,090 1,395 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 470 220 245 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 180 85 95 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 33,420 15,240 18,185 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,615 700 915 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 31,775 14,525 17,250 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 30 15 20 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 73,035 31,170 41,860 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 85 35 50 90 35 55
Cebuano 1,895 820 1,080 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 10 5 5 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 780 335 450 910 385 530
Ilocano 3,440 1,475 1,965 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 15 10 10 35 15 20
Malay 1,465 705 755 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 405 180 225 445 200 250
Pangasinan 75 35 40 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 64,495 27,405 37,090 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 75 30 50 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 285 130 150 380 175 200
Creole languages 2,900 1,340 1,565 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 130 60 65 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 1,970 910 1,060 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 800 365 430 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 89,300 43,085 46,215 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 830 420 415 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 6,530 3,335 3,190 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 76,905 36,645 40,260 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 4,935 2,640 2,295 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 730,175 350,535 379,640 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 6,395 3,200 3,190 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 7,505 3,550 3,965 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 136,810 63,965 72,845 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 1,645 685 960 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 595 240 355 860 350 515
Lithuanian 1,045 445 605 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 135,170 63,280 71,885 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 120 60 65 175 80 90
Bosnian 1,330 645 690 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 3,895 1,900 1,995 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 6,015 2,880 3,135 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 1,435 695 740 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 5,140 2,435 2,710 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 34,330 16,005 18,325 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 53,515 24,855 28,660 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 12,385 6,000 6,390 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 960 450 510 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 2,300 1,120 1,185 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 920 395 515 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 12,680 5,785 6,895 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 145 60 85 355 160 190
Celtic languages 65 35 30 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 30 15 10 60 30 25
Welsh 15 10 10 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 35 20 15
Germanic languages 5,550 2,520 3,030 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 295 140 155 755 365 390
Danish 135 65 75 280 135 150
Dutch 730 330 400 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 10 5 5 90 45 45
German 3,710 1,665 2,040 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 25 10 15 45 20 30
Norwegian 45 20 25 70 30 40
Swedish 220 100 125 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 15 15 145 60 85
Yiddish 355 180 180 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 655 315 340
Greek 17,225 8,040 9,180 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 370,650 183,405 187,250 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 295,325 146,735 148,585 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 24,870 12,265 12,600 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 38,595 18,905 19,690 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 24,215 12,030 12,185 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 50 25 25 65 30 35
Konkani 445 210 235 540 260 280
Marathi 2,040 1,050 990 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 3,095 1,565 1,530 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 275 140 140 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 116,115 58,385 57,725 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 2,510 1,150 1,365 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 3,620 1,770 1,850 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 79,500 39,245 40,255 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 74,555 36,270 38,280 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 1,480 805 675 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 4,930 2,480 2,455 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 68,140 32,995 35,145 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 775 400 380 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 185,970 85,810 100,155 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 80 40 45 135 60 75
Italian 52,280 22,440 29,840 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 49,840 23,870 25,970 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 12,410 5,760 6,650 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 71,290 33,675 37,615 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 65 30 35 110 50 60
Japanese 4,590 1,965 2,625 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 745 405 340 770 420 355
Georgian 745 405 335 775 420 355
Korean 38,610 18,045 20,565 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 205 105 105 225 115 110
Mongolian 205 105 100 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 9,050 4,035 5,010 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 4,065 1,760 2,305 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 15 5 10 25 15 15
Edo 290 115 175 305 120 180
Ewe 95 40 55 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 35 45 110 55 55
Ga 145 65 85 175 80 100
Ganda 155 65 85 195 85 110
Igbo 420 210 215 540 265 275
Lingala 105 45 60 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 135 65 75 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 55 70 420 160 260
Shona 240 115 125 455 210 245
Swahili 1,245 550 695 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 75 45 30 130 65 65
Yoruba 1,095 525 565 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 755 340 415 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 90 45 45 550 260 290
Dinka 10 10 5 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 425 195 225
Sign languages 2,050 1,170 875 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 770 395 370 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 1,280 770 510 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 387,190 181,130 206,065 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 382,595 178,860 203,730 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 183,450 84,365 99,085 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 2,735 1,245 1,490 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 180,885 86,115 94,770 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 245 105 135 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5,075 2,320 2,755 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 3,150 1,480 1,670 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 6,975 3,195 3,775 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 85 40 45 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 4,600 2,270 2,330 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 570 265 305 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 210 105 105 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 3,715 1,845 1,865 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 100 55 50 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 1,670 785 885 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 1,015 490 520 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 650 285 360 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 9,515 4,770 4,755 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 645 325 320 770 385 380
Turkish 8,175 4,080 4,095 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 230 125 110 290 150 140
Uzbek 315 165 145 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 155 70 75 250 130 120
Uralic languages 9,160 4,195 4,965 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 650 240 415 790 290 500
Finnish 480 210 270 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 8,025 3,745 4,285 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 320 165 155 465 245 225
Multiple responses 568,870 273,940 294,930 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 13,745 6,285 7,455 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 541,750 261,790 279,965 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 2,440 1,080 1,365 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 10,935 4,790 6,145 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 6,187,365 3,007,260 3,180,105 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 4,771,940 2,328,490 2,443,445 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 601,065 294,730 306,335 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 56,935 24,605 32,330 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 730,875 347,040 383,835 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 525 230 295 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 730,350 346,810 383,540 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 4,090 1,880 2,210 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 13,645 6,675 6,970 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 8,565 3,725 4,840 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 255 115 140 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,127,565 2,465,145 2,662,420 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,867,890 2,341,390 2,526,495 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,001 37,081 28,205 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,868,795 2,341,595 2,527,200 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,479 33,581 26,332 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 4,296,980 2,116,635 2,180,340 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,895 38,686 28,032 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,492,795 1,537,600 1,955,195 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,321 1,060 3,854 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 3,634,695 1,844,230 1,790,465 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,913 39,713 30,749 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 5,127,565 2,465,135 2,662,435 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,867,905 2,341,125 2,526,780 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,416 60,259 41,296 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,868,800 2,341,350 2,527,445 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,559 47,030 34,565 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 4,296,625 2,116,255 2,180,375 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,882 62,603 41,477 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,492,260 1,537,245 1,955,015 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,443 5,589 7,115 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 3,634,695 1,844,350 1,790,350 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,594 60,847 42,063 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 5,127,565 2,465,135 2,662,435 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 1,732,445 956,920 775,520 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 56,715 61,339 52,017 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 74,525 83,831 63,041 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.8 93.8 86.7 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.3 79.5 72.1 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.2 6.2 13.3 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 5,127,570 2,465,145 2,662,420 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 259,680 123,755 135,925 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 4,867,890 2,341,390 2,526,500 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.9 95.0 94.9 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 850,760 383,365 467,395 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 860,845 362,785 498,065 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 616,775 265,280 351,495 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 488,220 220,375 267,845 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 431,695 200,935 230,760 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 344,940 168,770 176,175 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 273,180 142,460 130,720 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 215,270 117,935 97,330 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 172,035 96,395 75,645 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 146,455 78,960 67,490 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 467,725 304,140 163,580 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 289,295 179,660 109,635 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 178,430 124,485 53,945 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 5,127,565 2,465,145 2,662,420 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 258,770 123,550 135,220 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 4,868,795 2,341,595 2,527,200 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.0 95.0 94.9 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 865,940 388,325 477,615 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 894,920 378,810 516,110 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 705,330 306,720 398,610 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 583,650 268,290 315,355 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 500,340 240,710 259,635 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 369,040 191,325 177,715 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 271,845 150,780 121,060 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 210,910 116,515 94,400 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 466,820 300,120 166,700 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 140,730 81,340 59,390 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 84,200 53,210 30,995 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 241,885 165,575 76,315 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 5,127,570 2,465,145 2,662,420 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 1,492,870 620,915 871,955 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 3,634,695 1,844,230 1,790,470 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 70.9 74.8 67.2 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 462,940 219,525 243,425 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 299,400 134,955 164,445 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 491,370 230,165 261,200 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 387,370 177,760 209,610 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 352,280 164,255 188,025 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 325,475 154,225 171,250 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 269,240 136,390 132,855 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 217,295 116,415 100,880 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 175,750 99,220 76,530 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 653,575 411,325 242,255 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 145,105 83,190 61,915 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 129,705 69,990 59,715 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 378,765 258,145 120,620 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 2,249,705 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,676 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,856 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 545,135 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,604 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,320 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 1,704,565 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,776 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,773 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 2,249,705 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 109,090 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 87,778 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 545,245 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,558 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,604 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 1,704,460 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 126,214 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,589 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 2,249,700 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 48,180 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 33,265 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 53,350 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 78,785 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 76,775 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 78,400 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 80,655 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 82,555 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 82,940 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 81,385 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 158,445 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 149,175 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 138,685 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 129,205 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 119,740 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 858,155 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 242,750 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 178,170 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 213,020 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 224,220 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 2,249,700 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 51,015 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 33,655 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 54,235 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 81,805 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 84,245 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 86,510 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 91,825 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 97,495 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 100,145 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 98,460 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 189,855 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 174,620 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 161,990 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 145,090 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 125,425 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 673,335 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 243,325 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 159,030 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 270,985 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 1,643,655 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,466 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,425 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.3 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 450,490 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,144 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,859 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 864,260 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,898 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 99,263 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 272,855 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,244 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,793 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 1,642,870 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 126,678 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,694 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 450,560 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 119,383 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,957 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 864,735 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 148,707 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,866 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 271,225 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,407 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,688 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 781,470 369,605 411,865 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,763 33,916 31,879 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,985 30,740 29,410 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 779,995 368,475 411,515 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 47,828 50,519 45,418 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,980 40,370 37,735 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 6,165,600 2,997,950 3,167,650 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 2,938,540 1,397,320 1,541,230 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 676,120 326,535 349,585 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 606,155 279,150 327,015 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 563,160 265,280 297,885 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 544,890 260,960 283,930 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 548,220 265,400 282,820 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 3,227,055 1,600,635 1,626,425 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 559,915 272,570 287,340 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 580,740 284,615 296,120 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 617,835 305,590 312,245 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 680,510 338,890 341,620 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 788,065 398,970 389,095 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 6,165,205 2,997,755 3,167,450 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 1,261,825 647,850 613,975 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 394,455 202,140 192,310 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 4,043,815 1,960,900 2,082,915 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 859,570 389,005 470,560 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 945,120 445,130 499,985 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 244,610 126,045 118,565 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 79,010 40,625 38,385 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 584,600 273,440 311,160 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 115,905 45,645 70,260 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.3 14.8 15.8 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 19.4 19.5 19.3 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 20.0 20.1 20.0 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 14.5 13.9 14.9 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 13.5 11.7 14.9 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 769,025 368,690 400,335 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 183,495 94,555 88,945 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 59,780 30,725 29,060 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 512,610 246,395 266,210 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 72,915 27,740 45,175 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 12.5 12.3 12.6 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 14.5 14.6 14.5 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 15.2 15.2 15.1 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 12.7 12.6 12.8 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 8.5 7.1 9.6 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 6,165,600 2,997,985 3,167,615 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 5,906,410 2,895,015 3,011,395 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 5,901,645 2,893,055 3,008,590 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 490,680 211,075 279,605 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 3,153,820 1,503,675 1,650,150 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 1,195 490 710 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 995 410 585 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 10 10 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 225 100 130 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 10 0 10 65 25 45
Plains Cree 55 30 25 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 45 15 30 605 255 350
Woods Cree 20 15 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 100 45 60 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 45 20 25 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 45 20 25 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 725 285 435 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 15 0 10 205 95 105
Ojibway 690 280 415 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 10 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 15 10 10 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 20 10 10 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 15 0 15 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 15 0 10 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 30 10 20 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 20 10 15 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 85 40 50 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 70 30 40 1,625 710 915
Oneida 10 0 10 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 20 10 10 180 65 110
Salish languages 10 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 10 0 10 40 10 30
Dakota 10 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 10 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 10 0 10 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 10 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 30 15 15 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,152,680 1,503,210 1,649,475 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 213,065 107,025 106,040 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 245 135 110 925 505 415
Kabyle 75 40 40 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 175 95 80 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 20,520 8,955 11,565 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 85 50 35 355 200 160
Oromo 1,395 600 800 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 19,030 8,280 10,750 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 85 30 50 370 170 205
Semitic languages 193,560 98,565 94,995 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 11,485 5,350 6,135 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 127,595 65,960 61,625 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 12,225 5,975 6,255 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,180 1,085 1,090 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 1,270 640 635 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 38,340 19,560 18,780 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 4,865 2,365 2,500 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 5,975 2,790 3,180 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 1,130 555 575 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 740 340 405 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 66,875 30,690 36,185 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 4,165 1,835 2,330 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 62,985 29,005 33,985 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 10 35 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 208,410 83,040 125,370 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 585 260 330 755 340 425
Cebuano 7,515 3,035 4,485 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 50 20 30 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 2,550 1,010 1,530 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 12,800 5,040 7,765 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 90 45 45 215 115 100
Malay 7,440 3,410 4,030 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 1,650 740 910 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 450 200 255 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 195,790 77,565 118,225 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 315 100 220 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 1,305 545 765 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 17,315 7,775 9,535 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 690 305 385 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 9,350 4,200 5,150 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 7,430 3,325 4,100 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 178,705 88,885 89,815 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 4,525 2,280 2,245 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 17,550 8,910 8,640 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 147,970 72,895 75,075 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 13,780 7,530 6,255 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 435 230 210 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 25 10 15 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 1,793,870 873,140 920,730 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 15,415 7,700 7,710 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 15,310 7,310 7,995 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 307,305 143,315 163,990 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 6,420 2,625 3,790 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 2,670 1,135 1,535 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 3,750 1,495 2,260 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 302,600 141,410 161,190 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 955 505 450 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 4,420 2,145 2,275 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 8,080 3,960 4,120 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 24,285 11,845 12,440 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 6,510 3,095 3,415 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 17,550 8,435 9,115 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 86,300 39,470 46,830 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 111,515 51,750 59,760 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 28,010 13,900 14,115 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 2,910 1,415 1,500 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 6,205 2,860 3,350 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 4,610 2,065 2,540 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 39,275 17,675 21,605 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 680 390 290 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 2,040 1,045 995 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 720 365 350 1,480 720 765
Welsh 260 115 140 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 1,065 570 500 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 84,965 40,310 44,655 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 4,450 2,170 2,285 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 2,200 985 1,210 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 13,180 6,145 7,030 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 265 115 150 1,655 820 835
German 57,165 27,260 29,905 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 150 55 85 285 130 155
Norwegian 1,005 490 515 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 2,620 1,200 1,420 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 290 115 170 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 6,530 3,210 3,320 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 95 40 50 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 61,935 30,450 31,485 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 773,455 390,400 383,055 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 646,525 326,940 319,590 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 49,050 24,905 24,145 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 88,455 44,230 44,225 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 209,850 106,625 103,225 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 495 255 240 600 300 300
Konkani 5,055 2,305 2,755 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 8,725 4,505 4,220 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 6,415 3,170 3,245 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 930 440 485 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 244,900 125,760 119,140 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 9,805 4,605 5,200 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15,530 7,770 7,765 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 197,805 100,140 97,675 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 132,425 66,075 66,345 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 3,875 2,205 1,675 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 11,515 6,115 5,400 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 121,440 60,310 61,130 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 3,600 1,950 1,650 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 572,510 271,405 301,105 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 320 165 150 515 275 240
Italian 222,755 106,620 116,135 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 133,265 64,015 69,245 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 30,360 14,060 16,295 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 209,375 97,670 111,705 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 670 335 340 1,355 745 605
Japanese 17,650 7,610 10,040 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 1,465 740 725 1,555 775 780
Georgian 1,465 740 720 1,555 770 785
Korean 62,730 29,345 33,380 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 440 185 255 515 225 285
Mongolian 440 190 255 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 48,715 23,215 25,500 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 13,850 6,425 7,425 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 220 120 100 385 195 185
Edo 1,915 835 1,080 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 525 270 255 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 480 240 240 700 320 375
Ga 1,025 495 530 1,340 645 695
Ganda 860 415 450 1,225 550 675
Igbo 2,995 1,480 1,510 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 2,205 975 1,235 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 590 275 320 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 750 325 425 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 1,220 540 680 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 10,525 5,210 5,315 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 425 185 235 730 355 375
Yoruba 8,105 4,055 4,055 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 6,620 3,065 3,545 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 510 295 215 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 85 60 20 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 425 230 195 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 6,575 2,755 3,820 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 3,895 1,435 2,460 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 15 0 10 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 2,775 1,365 1,405 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 584,845 274,435 310,410 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 577,725 270,930 306,800 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 308,185 143,230 164,955 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 7,205 3,155 4,045 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 315,835 146,905 168,925 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 710 290 425 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 14,050 6,310 7,740 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 6,965 3,245 3,720 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 11,660 5,290 6,365 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 135 75 60 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 7,505 3,715 3,785 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 1,340 610 730 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 245 110 135 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 5,490 2,740 2,750 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 505 295 215 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 5,090 2,210 2,885 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 2,825 1,335 1,485 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 2,555 995 1,555 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 30 10 20
Turkic languages 24,805 12,900 11,900 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 2,665 1,355 1,310 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 20,855 10,895 9,960 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 490 230 260 700 350 345
Uzbek 815 440 375 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 560 270 295 915 450 465
Uralic languages 28,445 12,950 15,495 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 3,045 1,335 1,710 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 2,850 1,230 1,620 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 22,615 10,395 12,215 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 2,355 1,220 1,130 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 6,165,600 2,997,985 3,167,615 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 5,427,650 2,647,135 2,780,520 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 1,168,090 599,370 568,720 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 4,259,560 2,047,765 2,211,795 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 737,950 350,855 387,095 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 6,165,600 2,997,985 3,167,610 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 3,270,330 1,634,580 1,635,755 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 2,756,645 1,294,280 1,462,365 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 634,265 295,550 338,710 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 377,295 180,415 196,875 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 647,110 302,230 344,880 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 737,850 345,745 392,105 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 384,620 181,205 203,415 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 353,235 164,540 188,695 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 360,130 170,340 189,790 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 138,625 69,130 69,500 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 2,756,650 1,294,285 1,462,365 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 231,670 115,375 116,290 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 461,170 232,220 228,950 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 600,970 266,960 334,005 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 1,172,935 550,180 622,750 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 289,905 129,540 160,365 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,756,645 1,294,280 1,462,365 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 423,325 187,835 235,490 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 10,790 5,005 5,785 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 17,430 7,990 9,440 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 11,190 5,575 5,610 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 71,305 31,565 39,740 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 2,715 1,280 1,435 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 103,900 43,615 60,285 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 11,580 5,130 6,450 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 8,210 3,640 4,570 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 45,025 19,965 25,060 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 48,625 22,570 26,050 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 92,565 41,515 51,050 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 637,680 301,330 336,350 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,835 4,890 4,945 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 12,390 5,940 6,445 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 7,080 3,340 3,745 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 24,145 11,355 12,790 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 28,470 13,915 14,555 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 12,310 5,625 6,685 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 8,670 4,195 4,480 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 104,795 51,175 53,625 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 8,945 4,365 4,580 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 59,130 26,505 32,625 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 70,280 33,840 36,445 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 26,060 11,880 14,180 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 34,575 14,940 19,635 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 13,395 6,500 6,895 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 32,310 14,790 17,520 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 109,500 52,190 57,315 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 75,770 35,885 39,890 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 155,780 75,140 80,640 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 1,250 650 600 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 25,190 13,075 12,115 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 10,950 5,000 5,945 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 11,475 5,250 6,230 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 3,545 1,745 1,795 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 16,770 8,310 8,460 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 10,880 4,370 6,510 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 13,525 6,610 6,915 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 62,195 30,125 32,065 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 1,532,405 726,320 806,075 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 26,255 13,140 13,115 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 32,785 16,525 16,265 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 268,750 122,405 146,345 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 100,505 47,180 53,325 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 309,810 154,460 155,350 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 74,815 37,315 37,505 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 29,080 14,555 14,525 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 5,935 1,910 4,030 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 46,045 21,475 24,570 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 13,865 7,450 6,415 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 121,215 61,240 59,970 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 194,840 79,755 115,085 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 103,020 50,290 52,730 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10,820 5,450 5,370 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 15,090 6,565 8,525 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 59,405 26,825 32,580 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 120,165 59,790 60,375 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 7,460 3,655 3,810 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 360,130 170,340 189,790 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 41,650 19,910 21,745 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 2,590 1,220 1,375 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 2,680 1,265 1,415 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 1,225 550 680 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 905 440 465 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 7,520 3,960 3,555 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 3,065 1,455 1,615 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,300 4,180 4,115 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 1,900 885 1,015 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 13,470 5,955 7,510 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 32,055 15,700 16,355 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 1,400 680 720 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 925 495 430 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,515 955 565 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66