Census Profile, 2016 Census
Kitchener--Waterloo--Barrie [Economic region], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Kitchener--Waterloo--Barrie
Ontario
[Economic region]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Kitchener--Waterloo--Barrie [Economic region], Ontario  Map : Kitchener--Waterloo--Barrie [Economic region], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,299,265 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,218,400 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 6.6 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 534,583 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 494,567 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 125.2 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 10,375.57 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,299,265 640,085 659,185 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 225,050 115,210 109,840 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 71,035 36,525 34,510 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 76,900 39,425 37,475 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 77,110 39,255 37,860 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 865,965 430,140 435,825 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 81,095 41,620 39,475 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 88,245 45,855 42,385 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 82,530 41,730 40,805 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 82,405 40,705 41,700 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 80,525 39,480 41,045 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 84,575 41,430 43,150 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 90,120 44,235 45,880 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 102,935 50,740 52,195 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 94,195 46,110 48,090 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 79,345 38,240 41,100 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 208,250 94,735 113,520 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 68,795 32,895 35,905 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 50,195 23,765 26,430 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 36,010 16,695 19,310 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 26,370 11,725 14,645 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 26,885 9,655 17,230 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 17,155 6,670 10,490 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 7,775 2,560 5,215 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 1,730 400 1,330 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 220 30 190 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.3 18.0 16.7 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 66.7 67.2 66.1 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 16.0 14.8 17.2 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.6 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.3 39.4 41.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.6 39.4 41.7 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 494,565 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 318,975 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 34,180 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 140,075 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 24,315 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 44,380 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 17,485 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 52,855 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,040 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,340 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 494,565 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 115,905 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 171,145 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 81,380 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 79,605 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 46,530 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,278,730 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,074,220 524,875 549,340 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 637,225 318,390 318,835 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 533,420 266,615 266,805 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 103,800 51,770 52,030 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 436,995 206,485 230,510 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 284,305 155,440 128,860 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 33,330 14,370 18,960 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 61,400 24,290 37,105 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 57,965 12,385 45,585 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 371,540 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 181,855 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 80,175 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 76,655 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 32,850 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 371,540 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 313,020 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 261,150 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 51,870 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 58,520 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 45,845 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 12,675 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 313,020 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 147,340 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 165,680 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 62,465 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 71,825 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 31,395 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 58,520 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 34,520 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 17,710 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 6,285 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 190,775 92,285 98,495 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 494,565 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 348,090 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 137,660 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 210,430 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 11,520 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 134,955 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 115,910 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 19,050 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,285,900 634,740 651,155 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 1,184,055 591,250 592,805 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 675 305 375 1,110 530 580
English and French 86,965 37,310 49,650 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 14,200 5,870 8,325 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,285,900 634,745 651,155 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 1,248,885 618,155 630,730 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 18,865 8,855 10,010 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 4,230 2,000 2,235 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 13,915 5,735 8,180 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 20,985 9,855 11,130 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,285,900 634,740 651,155 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 1,266,160 625,225 640,935 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 1,052,665 521,140 531,530 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 1,032,930 511,860 521,070 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 19,740 9,285 10,455 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 213,495 104,085 109,415 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 330 155 180 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 290 135 150 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 10 10 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 255 120 135 70 25 40
Algonquin 5 5 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 250 120 135 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 5 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 5 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 5 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 15 5 10 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 15 5 10 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 5 10 5 0 0
Cayuga 5 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 0 10 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 5 0 5 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 213,165 103,935 109,230 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 13,145 6,785 6,355 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 30 15 15 95 55 35
Kabyle 30 15 15 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 1,305 630 670 1,355 675 680
Bilen 115 65 50 5 0 0
Oromo 90 45 45 165 95 75
Somali 1,060 500 555 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 10 5 5
Semitic languages 11,790 6,125 5,670 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 1,035 510 525 1,140 560 585
Arabic 8,185 4,305 3,885 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 645 320 330 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 95 50 45 440 240 195
Harari 15 5 10 25 10 15
Hebrew 295 170 125 1,770 960 805
Maltese 360 180 185 80 40 40
Tigrigna 1,060 545 510 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 100 50 50 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 6,995 3,320 3,675 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 640 295 340 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 6,355 3,020 3,330 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 6,110 2,260 3,850 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 15 10 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 275 90 185 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 5 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 95 30 65 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 305 105 195 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 5 15 0 10
Malay 295 120 175 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 20 635 290 345
Pangasinan 15 0 10 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,985 1,855 3,130 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 15 5 10 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 65 25 40 830 360 470
Creole languages 235 125 115 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 105 50 55 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 130 75 55 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 3,260 1,705 1,555 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 135 75 65 225 115 110
Malayalam 925 485 440 1,750 905 845
Tamil 1,795 920 875 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 390 220 170 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 485 235 255 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 149,345 73,425 75,920 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 1,190 625 565 1,090 560 530
Armenian 835 410 425 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 31,980 15,215 16,765 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 690 335 360 645 280 370
Latvian 310 150 155 320 145 175
Lithuanian 385 185 200 325 130 200
Slavic languages 31,290 14,880 16,410 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 35 10 25 60 30 30
Bosnian 675 340 340 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 250 125 130 1,725 805 915
Croatian 2,945 1,490 1,460 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 1,345 620 725 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 630 305 325 250 120 135
Polish 10,690 4,995 5,695 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 4,365 2,020 2,345 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 5,895 2,955 2,940 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 625 305 325 1,145 545 600
Slovak 965 450 520 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 555 260 295 545 250 290
Ukrainian 2,040 880 1,155 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 265 125 140 180 90 90
Celtic languages 105 50 55 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 40 20 15 125 65 60
Welsh 50 20 30 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 35,435 17,065 18,375 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 260 135 120 1,435 730 705
Danish 595 275 320 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 7,015 3,455 3,560 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 155 75 75 80 30 50
German 26,875 12,880 13,995 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 20 10 10 155 70 80
Norwegian 85 45 45 835 410 430
Swedish 230 90 135 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 145 60 90 200 105 95
Yiddish 40 20 15 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 25 20 15
Greek 2,485 1,250 1,230 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 29,895 15,385 14,510 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 22,255 11,470 10,780 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 1,365 735 625 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 3,980 2,055 1,930 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 2,380 1,280 1,100 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 5 5 40 25 15
Konkani 70 40 30 225 110 110
Marathi 225 115 110 535 280 255
Nepali 560 280 275 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 45 20 25 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 7,920 4,020 3,895 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 310 150 160 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 465 230 240 1,455 730 725
Urdu 4,930 2,540 2,390 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 7,385 3,785 3,605 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 740 400 340 1,650 875 780
Pashto 1,225 645 585 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 5,420 2,740 2,680 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 255 130 125 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 47,430 23,435 23,990 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 20 10 10 125 65 55
Italian 10,935 5,815 5,115 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 15,750 7,715 8,040 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 6,545 3,160 3,385 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 14,160 6,720 7,435 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 60 40 25
Japanese 770 290 485 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 20 10 10 65 40 25
Georgian 20 10 10 65 40 25
Korean 3,160 1,500 1,655 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 340 145 200
Mongolian 10 5 5 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,150 560 585 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 170 90 80 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 20 5 5 80 45 30
Ewe 25 20 10 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 10 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 15 5 15 65 35 30
Igbo 60 40 20 160 90 65
Lingala 10 5 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 15 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 25 25 105 45 55
Shona 155 65 85 150 70 85
Swahili 210 100 120 585 285 295
Wolof 10 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 180 105 80 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 205 85 120 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 325 160 165 265 135 135
Dinka 10 10 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 315 155 160 190 85 100
Sign languages 290 135 150 620 330 295
American Sign Language 150 65 90 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 135 75 60 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 19,620 9,505 10,115 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 19,210 9,290 9,915 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 4,300 2,055 2,250 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 125 60 65 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 13,240 6,410 6,825 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 10 5 10 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 465 225 235 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 155 70 85 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 900 455 445 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 415 215 200 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 150 75 75 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 130 70 65 770 370 400
Tibetan 20 10 5 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 1,635 725 905 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 1,355 640 720 800 405 400
Thai 275 90 185 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 1,540 770 770 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 85 45 35 495 275 225
Turkish 1,035 525 510 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 20 5 15 165 80 85
Uzbek 355 170 190 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 30 165 70 95
Uralic languages 5,000 2,370 2,630 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 330 140 190 455 195 260
Finnish 745 330 420 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 3,925 1,900 2,025 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 70 45 30 365 200 170
Multiple responses 19,740 9,520 10,215 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 3,415 1,530 1,890 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 15,450 7,580 7,870 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 420 205 215 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 450 210 240 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,285,900 634,740 651,155 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 1,244,580 614,615 629,965 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 1,143,845 565,640 578,205 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 1,137,765 562,840 574,925 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 6,085 2,800 3,285 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 100,735 48,970 51,760 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 75 35 40 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 65 35 30 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 30 30 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 60 25 30 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 5 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 5 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 5 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 100,655 48,940 51,715 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,980 3,945 4,040 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 15 10 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 15 10 10 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 835 385 450 695 315 380
Bilen 95 50 50 0 0 0
Oromo 50 20 30 80 40 35
Somali 670 305 365 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 7,125 3,550 3,575 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 670 325 350 535 250 290
Arabic 5,045 2,530 2,515 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 385 180 205 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 50 25 25 305 160 145
Harari 5 5 5 10 5 5
Hebrew 135 70 70 785 400 385
Maltese 50 25 20 5 5 0
Tigrigna 735 375 360 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,580 2,175 2,400 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 325 145 180 620 290 330
Vietnamese 4,255 2,030 2,225 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 2,180 970 1,215 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 65 25 40 1,085 485 600
Fijian 5 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 45 15 30 355 150 205
Ilocano 100 45 60 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 80 35 40 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 10 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,865 830 1,030 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 100 45 50 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 50 25 30 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 25 15 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 1,890 960 930 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 65 35 30 95 45 50
Malayalam 525 280 245 885 450 435
Tamil 1,100 545 555 1,935 965 965
Telugu 185 100 90 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 190 85 105 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 64,020 31,135 32,890 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 650 330 315 530 255 270
Armenian 500 245 255 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 14,020 6,795 7,225 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 130 50 70 160 75 90
Latvian 40 15 20 65 30 35
Lithuanian 85 35 55 90 45 50
Slavic languages 13,895 6,740 7,155 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 10 5 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 345 185 165 540 270 270
Bulgarian 90 50 45 925 425 495
Croatian 1,065 520 545 1,795 840 955
Czech 350 165 180 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 240 110 130 120 60 60
Polish 4,170 2,025 2,145 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 2,665 1,290 1,375 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 3,635 1,790 1,840 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 275 130 150 435 205 235
Slovak 280 125 155 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 90 40 50 60 25 35
Ukrainian 570 255 310 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 120 60 60 25 10 15
Celtic languages 5 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 11,170 5,455 5,705 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 80 45 45 520 250 265
Danish 25 10 15 180 90 90
Dutch 910 450 460 685 325 365
Frisian 10 5 5 5 5 0
German 10,000 4,880 5,115 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 10 5 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 35 20 15 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 5 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 85 45 45 5 5 0
Greek 780 360 420 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 18,170 9,045 9,130 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 13,315 6,670 6,645 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 780 395 385 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 2,505 1,245 1,265 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 1,135 575 560 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 20 15 5 40 15 15
Marathi 90 45 50 245 125 120
Nepali 390 190 200 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 25 10 10 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,185 2,605 2,580 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 165 75 90 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 225 115 115 595 290 305
Urdu 2,795 1,410 1,390 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 4,725 2,315 2,410 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 410 205 205 1,025 515 505
Pashto 705 345 360 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 3,615 1,765 1,845 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 125 60 65 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 18,730 8,900 9,830 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 15 5 10 60 30 35
Italian 2,375 1,095 1,275 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 6,025 2,835 3,180 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 3,160 1,530 1,625 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 7,165 3,425 3,740 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 10
Japanese 400 190 210 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 15 10 10
Georgian 10 5 5 15 10 10
Korean 2,220 1,045 1,175 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 5 5 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 295 130 165 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 45 20 25 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 15 5 5 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 35 15 20 40 15 20
Swahili 90 40 50 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 40 20 20 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 25 25 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 135 70 65 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 70 65 60 20 40
Sign languages 375 215 160 830 460 370
American Sign Language 150 75 75 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 230 140 90 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 13,270 6,525 6,745 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 12,925 6,345 6,575 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 2,480 1,185 1,295 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 45 25 25 670 280 390
Mandarin 9,615 4,745 4,865 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 5 0 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 145 70 75 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 90 45 45 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 540 280 260 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 345 180 165 1,630 820 810
Burmese 145 75 65 685 350 335
Karenic languages 125 60 65 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 5 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 790 375 410 1,015 435 580
Lao 680 320 355 335 160 175
Thai 110 55 55 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 780 380 405 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 185 95 90
Turkish 520 260 260 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 215 95 115 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 40 15 25
Uralic languages 1,405 675 730 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 25 5 20 75 30 45
Finnish 125 50 70 435 190 240
Hungarian 1,255 620 640 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 110 50 60
Multiple responses 41,320 20,125 21,195 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,940 880 1,060 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 38,560 18,880 19,680 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 130 60 75 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 690 310 375 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,285,900 634,740 651,160 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 1,157,640 573,510 584,130 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 46,095 22,790 23,305 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 14,865 6,320 8,545 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 65,205 31,145 34,060 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 485 215 270 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 64,720 30,930 33,790 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 295 125 170 965 435 530
English and non-official language 965 495 465 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 820 345 470 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 25 15 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,054,095 516,375 537,715 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,013,960 497,635 516,325 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,573 43,515 29,395 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,014,190 497,660 516,530 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,178 38,508 27,069 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 923,875 462,625 461,250 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,060 42,938 26,603 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 712,100 315,780 396,320 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,497 2,191 5,605 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 775,960 402,045 373,910 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,387 43,396 28,745 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,054,095 516,380 537,715 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,014,270 497,690 516,580 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,543 55,402 38,008 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,014,525 497,710 516,815 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,735 45,087 32,618 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 923,690 462,845 460,845 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,411 54,930 35,851 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 711,960 315,685 396,280 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,390 6,807 7,854 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 775,955 402,150 373,810 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,128 53,323 36,313 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,054,095 516,375 537,715 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 395,495 226,575 168,920 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 54,004 60,193 46,985 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,736 71,049 53,927 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.9 92.2 84.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.2 77.9 69.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.1 7.8 15.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,054,095 516,375 537,715 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 40,135 18,745 21,395 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 1,013,955 497,630 516,320 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.2 96.4 96.0 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 137,460 58,005 79,455 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 164,750 64,190 100,565 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 139,090 56,770 82,315 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 116,210 51,465 64,740 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 105,980 50,925 55,050 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 85,370 45,845 39,525 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 65,560 38,410 27,150 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 48,920 30,430 18,485 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 37,925 24,040 13,880 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 32,615 19,465 13,155 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 80,075 58,080 21,995 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 55,820 39,550 16,275 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 24,255 18,530 5,720 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,054,095 516,380 537,715 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 39,905 18,715 21,185 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 1,014,185 497,660 516,530 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.4 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 141,655 59,080 82,570 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 172,970 67,635 105,335 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 161,255 66,955 94,300 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 141,475 65,325 76,150 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 121,890 63,380 58,505 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 87,310 50,980 36,330 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 61,320 38,640 22,680 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 46,010 28,360 17,650 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 80,305 57,295 23,005 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 28,225 18,740 9,485 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 16,055 11,430 4,630 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 36,030 27,130 8,900 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,054,095 516,380 537,720 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 278,135 114,330 163,805 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 775,960 402,045 373,910 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 73.6 77.9 69.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 102,085 48,355 53,730 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 62,120 26,505 35,615 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 99,860 42,900 56,960 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 81,185 35,105 46,080 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 79,785 35,400 44,390 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 76,075 37,615 38,465 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 64,140 35,925 28,225 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 49,350 30,115 19,235 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 38,390 24,555 13,840 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 122,955 85,580 37,370 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 31,090 20,180 10,910 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 28,460 16,985 11,475 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 63,405 48,420 14,990 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 494,565 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,245 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 68,404 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 115,910 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,834 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,822 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 378,660 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,489 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,172 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 494,565 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 95,452 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 79,460 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 116,005 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 47,437 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,689 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 378,565 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 110,165 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,647 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 494,570 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,060 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,835 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 10,585 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 14,045 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 17,980 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 15,945 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 18,210 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 19,290 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 19,290 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 19,255 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 37,595 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 35,945 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 34,010 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 31,675 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 29,740 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 180,105 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 59,860 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 41,625 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 45,230 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 33,390 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 494,565 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,575 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,965 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 10,810 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 14,745 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 20,125 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 17,950 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 21,305 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 22,945 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 23,240 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 23,410 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 45,255 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 42,460 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 40,075 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 36,180 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,135 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 133,395 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 57,170 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,705 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 42,525 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 364,605 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,571 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,118 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 134,360 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,048 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,643 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 167,045 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,918 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,548 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 53,470 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,739 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,225 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 364,575 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 110,523 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 91,760 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 134,200 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 99,384 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,188 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 167,410 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 134,079 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,467 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 53,210 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,523 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,436 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 164,245 81,380 82,865 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,090 36,358 30,511 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,138 32,563 28,208 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 163,950 80,585 83,365 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,168 45,190 39,247 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,650 37,484 33,877 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,278,730 631,340 647,385 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 581,580 278,145 303,435 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 103,655 50,135 53,515 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 106,315 47,830 58,485 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 116,685 55,160 61,530 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 123,495 59,900 63,590 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 131,435 65,125 66,310 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 697,150 353,195 343,950 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 138,050 68,770 69,280 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 142,315 71,970 70,350 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 147,225 74,645 72,580 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 147,555 75,155 72,395 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 122,000 62,655 59,350 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,277,205 630,570 646,635 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 271,350 138,855 132,500 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 85,655 44,065 41,590 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 811,740 401,535 410,210 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 194,115 90,185 103,925 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 145,320 67,090 78,225 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 39,170 20,075 19,100 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 13,660 7,065 6,595 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 86,960 39,995 46,965 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 19,190 7,025 12,165 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.4 10.6 12.1 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 14.4 14.5 14.4 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 15.9 16.0 15.9 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.7 10.0 11.4 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 9.9 7.8 11.7 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 78,385 38,700 39,685 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 18,060 9,290 8,775 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 6,165 3,215 2,955 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 56,690 27,860 28,830 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 3,635 1,545 2,085 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.1 6.1 6.1 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 6.7 6.7 6.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 7.2 7.3 7.1 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.0 6.9 7.0 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.7 2.0 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,278,730 631,340 647,390 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 1,264,640 625,550 639,090 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 1,263,935 625,260 638,665 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 87,010 36,870 50,145 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 260,825 126,910 133,920 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 1,075 465 610 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 975 430 545 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 25 10 20 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 0 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 15 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 30 10 25 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 35 10 25 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 925 415 505 140 40 100
Algonquin 20 0 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 895 405 485 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 40 15 25 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 30 0 25 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 20 10 10 0 10 10
Cayuga 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 10 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 40 10 35 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 10 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 259,760 126,450 133,315 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 16,870 8,735 8,135 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 20 15 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 10 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 1,635 840 795 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 175 90 85 15 0 15
Oromo 85 50 45 190 110 80
Somali 1,275 645 630 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 115 70 50 10 0 10
Semitic languages 15,465 8,010 7,455 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 1,485 750 735 1,755 905 855
Arabic 11,055 5,760 5,295 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 690 335 355 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 115 65 50 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 1,070 590 480 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 535 290 240 165 90 80
Tigrigna 1,380 655 720 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 115 60 55 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 25 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 8,475 4,000 4,470 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 860 360 500 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 7,670 3,665 4,005 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 7,895 2,910 4,980 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 340 85 255 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 150 55 95 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 305 75 230 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 635 280 355 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 50 20 30 775 350 430
Pangasinan 10 10 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,040 2,575 4,470 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 15 0 15 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 70 25 45 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 805 410 395 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 30 20 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 350 170 170 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 450 235 210 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 4,230 2,235 2,000 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 320 170 145 445 210 235
Malayalam 1,110 565 550 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 2,530 1,325 1,205 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 570 330 240 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 500 235 260 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 186,235 91,060 95,175 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,265 700 565 1,135 580 555
Armenian 1,085 530 555 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 36,970 17,630 19,350 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 865 405 460 635 310 325
Latvian 430 220 210 310 175 140
Lithuanian 430 185 250 325 135 185
Slavic languages 36,245 17,305 18,945 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 90 35 55 205 95 110
Bosnian 1,085 530 560 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 355 165 195 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 4,510 2,235 2,280 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 1,730 840 885 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 845 405 435 345 180 160
Polish 12,215 5,730 6,490 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 6,110 2,830 3,275 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 7,645 3,920 3,730 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 790 375 415 1,240 595 645
Slovak 1,175 580 595 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 760 340 420 725 330 400
Ukrainian 2,465 1,030 1,435 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 300 140 165 250 120 125
Celtic languages 270 130 140 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 140 70 70 350 225 120
Welsh 70 25 55 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 65 45 20 685 370 320
Germanic languages 43,685 20,840 22,845 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 585 300 285 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 755 335 425 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 9,965 4,645 5,325 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 190 80 110 120 55 65
German 34,035 16,465 17,565 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 20 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 230 120 115 1,405 730 680
Swedish 450 205 245 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 135 60 75 220 125 100
Yiddish 30 15 25 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 400 215 185 75 40 30
Greek 3,375 1,665 1,705 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 36,750 18,940 17,810 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 29,215 15,190 14,020 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 1,715 950 760 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 4,895 2,505 2,390 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 10,115 5,300 4,810 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 20 10 10 45 25 20
Konkani 125 65 55 375 185 190
Marathi 365 190 175 1,275 650 625
Nepali 700 365 335 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 35 10 25 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 11,015 5,770 5,250 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 495 225 270 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 805 400 405 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 8,155 4,280 3,880 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 8,140 4,055 4,080 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 910 455 455 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 1,390 715 675 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 6,215 3,080 3,130 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 390 170 220 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 67,265 32,725 34,535 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 25 25 0 245 125 120
Italian 16,000 8,285 7,715 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 20,175 10,065 10,115 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 7,970 3,815 4,165 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 25,240 11,545 13,695 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 105 65 35 220 130 85
Japanese 1,525 780 750 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 0 15 90 50 40
Georgian 15 0 15 90 50 45
Korean 3,425 1,615 1,805 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 20 15 10 320 155 170
Mongolian 20 15 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 2,305 1,220 1,090 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 265 145 115 495 280 215
Bamanankan 10 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 45 30 15 115 65 55
Ewe 35 25 10 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 10 10 45 10 35
Ga 10 15 0 95 60 35
Ganda 25 0 25 105 60 45
Igbo 150 110 40 240 140 95
Lingala 150 85 70 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 10 30 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 15 50 210 95 115
Shona 210 105 105 265 125 140
Swahili 760 385 370 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 10 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 425 240 185 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 400 200 195 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 440 200 235 300 150 150
Dinka 10 0 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 430 195 230 250 120 135
Sign languages 2,065 765 1,300 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 1,155 395 765 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 930 380 555 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 22,510 11,110 11,400 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 22,065 10,880 11,180 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 5,975 2,910 3,070 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 195 90 105 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 16,100 7,865 8,230 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 10 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 660 325 340 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 225 120 100 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 1,130 590 545 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 485 250 230 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 185 85 100 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 120 65 60 905 455 450
Tibetan 20 15 10 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 285 150 140 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,910 960 950 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 1,590 795 790 1,125 505 620
Thai 395 175 215 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 2,365 1,235 1,125 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 150 95 50 835 455 385
Turkish 1,725 920 805 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 10 0 10 105 50 55
Uzbek 455 220 235 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 105 45 60 225 125 105
Uralic languages 5,870 2,810 3,065 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 440 195 240 495 205 295
Finnish 785 320 465 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 4,655 2,295 2,360 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 215 105 110 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,278,730 631,345 647,390 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,220,120 602,845 617,275 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 265,080 135,935 129,145 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 955,040 466,910 488,130 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 58,610 28,500 30,115 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,278,735 631,340 647,390 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,038,695 514,830 523,865 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 227,015 109,615 117,405 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 86,255 41,590 44,670 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 29,685 14,635 15,055 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 40,515 19,635 20,875 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 47,915 22,935 24,980 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 24,650 11,930 12,720 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 23,265 11,005 12,265 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 22,645 10,815 11,830 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 13,020 6,900 6,120 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 227,015 109,615 117,400 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 28,080 14,125 13,955 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 47,240 24,300 22,935 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 52,115 23,725 28,390 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 85,435 41,190 44,240 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 14,145 6,260 7,885 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 227,015 109,615 117,405 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 33,275 15,170 18,105 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 1,065 460 600 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 2,220 980 1,240 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 2,570 1,195 1,370 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 3,465 1,530 1,930 920 415 500
Haiti 95 55 40 265 110 160
Jamaica 3,905 1,860 2,045 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 2,225 1,070 1,155 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 495 235 260 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 1,800 885 915 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 8,665 3,545 5,120 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 6,785 3,350 3,435 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 111,940 54,420 57,520 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,565 1,830 1,735 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 2,865 1,425 1,445 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 815 425 385 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 9,870 4,685 5,180 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,275 635 640 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 1,970 995 975 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,420 685 735 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 6,940 3,790 3,155 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 6,405 3,175 3,230 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 8,345 3,885 4,460 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 11,370 5,590 5,780 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 6,290 2,970 3,315 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 1,860 835 1,025 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 3,475 1,745 1,730 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,800 815 985 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 33,515 16,055 17,465 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 10,155 4,880 5,270 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 11,380 5,750 5,630 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 90 50 40 430 270 150
Egypt 1,610 815 795 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 1,265 660 605 1,665 835 825
Kenya 800 375 425 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 140 75 65 730 385 340
Nigeria 635 360 285 1,205 630 575
Somalia 795 375 420 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 1,290 635 660 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 4,745 2,405 2,345 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 69,500 33,795 35,700 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 2,230 1,070 1,165 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 1,090 580 510 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 9,960 4,630 5,325 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,225 670 560 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 13,330 6,785 6,545 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,580 1,375 1,205 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 2,540 1,310 1,225 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 315 105 210 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,335 1,180 1,160 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 980 510 465 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 5,700 2,980 2,720 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 7,005 2,755 4,255 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 1,985 985 995 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,965 990 980 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 735 340 390 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 5,970 2,755 3,215 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 9,550 4,770 4,785 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 925 480 445 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 22,645 10,820 11,830 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 2,995 1,380 1,615 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 140 70 70 960 445 520
Colombia 345 120 230 465 220 240
Cuba 165 65 95 70 35 30
Haiti 35 20 10 15 0 10
Jamaica 255 155 105 160 115 45
Mexico 340 180 165 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 915 375 540 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 85 40 45 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 710 355 360 1,855 875 975
Europe 3,395 1,665 1,730 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 105 60 40 790 415 370
Germany 200 95 110 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 115 65 50 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 30 10 20 200