Census Profile, 2016 Census
Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula [Economic region], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula
Ontario
[Economic region]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula [Economic region], Ontario  Map : Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula [Economic region], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,412,714 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,372,227 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.0 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 594,569 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 563,078 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 197.7 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 7,145.17 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,412,715 687,705 725,010 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 225,750 115,945 109,805 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 71,525 36,645 34,880 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 76,425 39,140 37,285 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 77,800 40,160 37,645 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 916,545 450,715 465,830 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 83,370 42,725 40,640 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 89,390 45,650 43,745 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 83,545 41,910 41,635 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 83,325 40,840 42,480 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 81,820 39,735 42,085 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 86,250 41,770 44,480 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 94,655 45,990 48,665 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 110,840 54,120 56,715 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 107,535 52,325 55,210 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 95,825 45,650 50,175 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 270,420 121,045 149,375 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 85,315 40,640 44,675 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 63,170 29,935 33,240 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 46,765 21,500 25,265 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 35,735 15,160 20,570 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 39,435 13,810 25,625 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 24,635 9,445 15,190 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 11,740 3,660 8,080 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 2,720 655 2,065 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 335 50 290 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.0 16.9 15.1 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 64.9 65.5 64.3 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 19.1 17.6 20.6 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.8 2.0 3.5 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 42.4 41.2 43.5 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 43.5 42.1 44.7 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 563,075 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 353,520 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 59,555 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 149,055 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 23,160 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 56,795 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 16,420 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 51,150 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,535 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 945 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 563,075 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 152,595 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 195,645 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 87,915 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 80,560 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 46,360 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,386,050 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,186,960 571,760 615,200 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 679,850 340,020 339,835 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 577,165 288,750 288,420 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 102,685 51,270 51,415 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 507,115 231,745 275,370 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 314,030 169,265 144,765 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 39,355 16,815 22,540 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 75,235 29,560 45,670 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 78,495 16,100 62,390 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 403,805 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 205,605 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 86,630 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 77,960 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 33,610 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 403,805 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 332,835 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 281,515 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 51,320 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 70,970 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 56,515 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 14,455 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 332,835 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 162,560 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 170,280 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 66,295 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 72,260 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 31,730 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 70,970 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 43,050 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 20,340 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 7,580 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 222,355 102,175 120,180 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 563,080 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 381,720 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 153,745 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 227,975 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 10,840 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 170,515 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 152,595 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,920 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,394,645 680,740 713,910 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 1,288,005 635,420 652,585 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 925 385 540 1,110 530 580
English and French 89,895 38,470 51,430 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 15,825 6,465 9,360 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,394,645 680,735 713,910 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 1,351,300 661,665 689,635 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 23,725 10,820 12,900 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 4,175 1,990 2,180 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 15,450 6,260 9,195 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 25,810 11,820 13,990 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.7 2.0 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,394,650 680,735 713,910 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 1,371,235 669,490 701,745 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 1,132,260 555,855 576,405 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 1,107,860 544,725 563,130 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 24,400 11,130 13,270 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 238,980 113,635 125,340 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 205 95 110 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 90 40 50 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 25 30 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 55 25 35 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 5 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 10 5 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 80 40 45 5 0 0
Cayuga 35 15 15 0 0 0
Mohawk 50 25 25 5 0 0
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 5 5 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 5 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 238,775 113,540 125,235 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,630 9,555 9,075 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 35 25 10 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 5 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 1,255 585 670 1,355 675 680
Bilen 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 55 30 25 165 95 75
Somali 1,190 550 640 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 17,280 8,925 8,355 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 275 130 145 1,140 560 585
Arabic 13,440 7,010 6,430 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,345 1,155 1,195 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 245 130 120 440 240 195
Harari 10 0 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 245 145 105 1,770 960 805
Maltese 390 200 190 80 40 40
Tigrigna 185 90 95 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,995 2,765 3,225 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,050 470 580 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 4,940 2,295 2,645 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 9,375 3,545 5,830 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 35 15 20 310 140 170
Cebuano 360 135 225 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 10 5 5 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 90 30 60 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 510 210 290 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 210 70 135 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 80 35 40 635 290 345
Pangasinan 15 5 10 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,965 2,990 4,975 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 20 5 10 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 830 360 470
Creole languages 595 290 300 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 65 30 35 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 365 175 185 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 165 85 75 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 2,310 1,145 1,165 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 95 55 45 225 115 110
Malayalam 1,130 570 565 1,750 905 845
Tamil 835 395 435 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 245 130 115 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 169,665 81,270 88,400 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 1,650 830 825 1,090 560 530
Armenian 620 300 320 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 47,215 21,605 25,615 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 1,250 515 735 645 280 370
Latvian 510 210 305 320 145 175
Lithuanian 740 305 430 325 130 200
Slavic languages 45,965 21,090 24,875 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 25 10 20 60 30 30
Bosnian 1,255 635 620 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 600 280 320 1,725 805 915
Croatian 6,890 3,360 3,525 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 1,600 725 870 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 760 370 390 250 120 135
Polish 15,655 6,885 8,770 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 3,650 1,570 2,080 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 7,975 3,985 3,990 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 625 295 330 1,145 545 600
Slovak 1,250 545 700 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,150 505 645 545 250 290
Ukrainian 4,360 1,835 2,525 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 170 95 75 180 90 90
Celtic languages 105 45 55 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 50 20 25 125 65 60
Welsh 40 20 20 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 28,855 13,395 15,455 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 370 175 195 1,435 730 705
Danish 515 230 280 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 10,235 4,855 5,385 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 285 150 135 80 30 50
German 16,550 7,595 8,950 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 30 15 20 155 70 80
Norwegian 80 35 45 835 410 430
Swedish 205 80 125 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 510 220 290 200 105 95
Yiddish 60 40 25 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 25 20 15
Greek 3,090 1,590 1,495 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 27,740 14,085 13,655 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 22,070 11,230 10,835 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 1,570 790 775 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 2,820 1,495 1,325 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 2,115 1,140 975 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 20 10 15 40 25 15
Konkani 80 40 40 225 110 110
Marathi 180 95 90 535 280 255
Nepali 290 150 140 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,440 4,210 4,235 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 185 100 85 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 440 220 225 1,455 730 725
Urdu 5,895 2,965 2,930 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 5,525 2,770 2,755 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 1,275 665 610 1,650 875 780
Pashto 415 210 205 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 3,835 1,895 1,940 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 80 65 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 60,390 29,410 30,980 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 25 15 10 125 65 55
Italian 29,625 14,430 15,195 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 11,585 5,745 5,845 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 3,010 1,430 1,580 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 16,090 7,765 8,325 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 60 40 25
Japanese 805 265 540 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 30 10 10 65 40 25
Georgian 25 15 10 65 40 25
Korean 3,725 1,705 2,020 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 2,210 1,020 1,190 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 370 175 190 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 30 15 15 80 45 30
Ewe 40 15 25 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 10 20 10 5
Ga 35 15 20 35 15 15
Ganda 45 25 20 65 35 30
Igbo 95 45 45 160 90 65
Lingala 40 20 25 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 80 35 45 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 90 40 50 105 45 55
Shona 340 145 195 150 70 85
Swahili 450 200 250 585 285 295
Wolof 5 5 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 170 100 75 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 405 180 225 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 160 80 75 265 135 135
Dinka 15 5 5 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 190 85 100
Sign languages 295 150 145 620 330 295
American Sign Language 125 55 70 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 170 95 75 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,015 7,535 8,480 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 15,615 7,335 8,285 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 5,070 2,380 2,690 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 70 30 40 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 9,205 4,310 4,900 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 10 0 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 355 175 180 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 65 85 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 755 365 385 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 400 205 190 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 100 45 55 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 260 135 120 770 370 400
Tibetan 20 10 10 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 985 435 550 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 650 315 335 800 405 400
Thai 335 125 210 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 1,365 720 645 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 70 40 35 495 275 225
Turkish 1,215 645 570 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 15 10 10 165 80 85
Uzbek 20 10 10 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 165 70 95
Uralic languages 6,520 2,970 3,545 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 375 165 210 455 195 260
Finnish 355 145 210 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 5,790 2,665 3,125 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 65 40 365 200 170
Multiple responses 23,410 11,250 12,165 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 3,740 1,745 1,995 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 18,415 8,915 9,495 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 735 345 395 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 520 245 280 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,394,650 680,735 713,910 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 1,346,190 657,610 688,575 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 1,243,960 609,075 634,885 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 1,236,675 605,825 630,850 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 7,290 3,250 4,040 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 102,230 48,540 53,690 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 50 20 25 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 30 15 20 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 5 15 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 5 5 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 102,180 48,520 53,665 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,650 5,280 5,375 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 15 10 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 825 375 450 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oromo 35 20 20 80 40 35
Somali 785 360 425 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 9,775 4,875 4,905 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 80 40 45 535 250 290
Arabic 7,725 3,845 3,875 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,480 735 745 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 155 85 75 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 100 50 55 785 400 385
Maltese 45 25 20 5 5 0
Tigrigna 95 50 40 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,770 1,760 2,010 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 550 240 310 620 290 330
Vietnamese 3,220 1,525 1,700 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 3,850 1,695 2,155 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 5 70 30 35
Cebuano 135 65 65 1,085 485 600
Fijian 5 5 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 355 150 205
Ilocano 210 100 110 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 45 25 20 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 5 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,400 1,480 1,915 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 255 110 145 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 45 20 25 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 170 70 100 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 1,095 515 580 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 25 15 15 95 45 50
Malayalam 530 250 280 885 450 435
Tamil 405 185 220 1,935 965 965
Telugu 135 70 65 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 64,765 30,630 34,140 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 835 405 430 530 255 270
Armenian 225 100 125 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 18,590 8,720 9,870 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 280 105 175 160 75 90
Latvian 110 45 70 65 30 35
Lithuanian 170 65 100 90 45 50
Slavic languages 18,310 8,615 9,695 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 5 0 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 705 360 350 540 270 270
Bulgarian 285 135 150 925 425 495
Croatian 2,460 1,140 1,320 1,795 840 955
Czech 620 290 325 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 275 125 145 120 60 60
Polish 6,085 2,765 3,320 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 2,005 955 1,050 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 4,090 2,025 2,065 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 245 125 120 435 205 235
Slovak 285 130 150 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 275 125 150 60 25 35
Ukrainian 945 420 525 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 5 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 0 0
Germanic languages 4,645 2,255 2,390 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 160 75 80 520 250 265
Danish 20 10 10 180 90 90
Dutch 505 240 265 685 325 365
Frisian 15 10 5 5 5 0
German 3,775 1,835 1,940 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 10 5 5 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 25 15 15 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 15 20 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 5 5 0
Greek 1,090 530 560 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 16,280 8,065 8,210 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 13,090 6,530 6,565 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 975 475 495 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 1,650 850 800 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 995 545 450 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 5 5 0 0
Konkani 20 10 10 40 15 15
Marathi 55 25 30 245 125 120
Nepali 240 125 110 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,480 2,695 2,790 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 80 45 35 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 190 90 95 595 290 305
Urdu 3,410 1,665 1,740 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 3,110 1,490 1,620 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 685 340 345 1,025 515 505
Pashto 230 110 120 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 2,195 1,040 1,150 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 75 50 30 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 23,105 10,550 12,550 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 10 5 5 60 30 35
Italian 8,310 3,390 4,925 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 4,400 2,075 2,325 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,355 650 710 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 9,025 4,435 4,590 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 305 135 170 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 5 10 15 10 10
Georgian 10 0 5 15 10 10
Korean 2,605 1,205 1,400 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 700 305 395 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 110 50 60 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 5 15 5 5
Ewe 10 5 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 10 5 5 5 0 0
Ganda 5 5 5 5 5 5
Igbo 20 10 10 35 20 15
Lingala 25 15 10 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 10 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 15 45 15 30
Shona 130 50 80 40 15 20
Swahili 225 100 125 155 60 90
Wolof 5 0 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 35 15 20 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 20 25 105 50 55
Dinka 5 0 5 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 60 20 40
Sign languages 455 245 200 830 460 370
American Sign Language 140 70 70 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 310 175 130 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,755 5,220 5,535 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 10,460 5,070 5,395 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 3,045 1,440 1,605 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 20 10 10 670 280 390
Mandarin 6,680 3,255 3,425 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 70 70 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 40 40 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 485 245 240 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 295 150 145 1,630 820 810
Burmese 70 35 35 685 350 335
Karenic languages 195 105 90 685 335 350
Tibetan 15 10 10 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 535 265 270 1,015 435 580
Lao 360 170 185 335 160 175
Thai 170 90 85 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 690 355 330 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 25 15 10 185 95 90
Turkish 630 320 310 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 5 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 15 10 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 1,660 745 910 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 45 20 25 75 30 45
Finnish 45 20 20 435 190 240
Hungarian 1,565 700 865 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 110 50 60
Multiple responses 48,455 23,125 25,330 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 2,440 1,070 1,370 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 44,885 21,535 23,355 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 270 125 140 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 860 390 470 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,394,650 680,735 713,910 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 1,255,110 615,265 639,840 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 47,180 22,875 24,300 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 14,720 6,170 8,550 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 75,580 35,455 40,125 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 355 165 190 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 75,230 35,290 39,935 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 350 155 195 965 435 530
English and non-official language 780 395 385 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 920 405 515 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,160,790 561,180 599,615 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,117,555 540,765 576,790 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,544 40,614 28,065 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,117,890 540,800 577,090 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,638 36,395 26,040 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 999,005 493,560 505,450 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,298 39,094 24,983 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 821,760 366,470 455,290 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,317 4,876 6,864 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 814,930 421,725 393,200 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,270 38,396 27,559 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,160,790 561,150 599,640 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,118,000 540,710 577,290 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,123 53,452 37,321 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,118,375 540,765 577,610 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,697 43,659 32,116 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 999,040 493,055 505,990 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,780 52,829 34,961 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 822,115 367,105 455,015 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,161 7,776 8,472 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 814,930 421,310 393,620 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,420 50,298 36,059 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,160,795 561,150 599,640 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 386,635 217,120 169,510 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,461 59,539 47,066 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,979 71,472 54,381 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.8 90.2 82.1 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.1 73.5 65.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.2 9.8 17.9 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,160,795 561,175 599,615 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 43,240 20,410 22,830 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 1,117,555 540,770 576,785 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.4 96.2 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 152,000 64,990 87,010 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 193,835 74,965 118,870 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 163,880 65,535 98,340 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 132,775 61,145 71,625 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 115,485 56,250 59,235 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 88,985 47,510 41,475 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 66,940 38,630 28,315 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 49,080 29,865 19,215 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 38,305 23,735 14,575 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 33,545 19,395 14,145 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 82,725 58,745 23,980 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 56,740 39,170 17,570 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 25,985 19,575 6,415 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,160,790 561,175 599,615 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 42,900 20,375 22,530 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 1,117,885 540,800 577,085 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.3 96.4 96.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 157,005 66,060 90,945 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 202,660 78,575 124,085 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 188,935 77,655 111,280 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 158,160 75,010 83,150 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 129,215 67,085 62,125 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 89,145 51,325 37,820 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 61,815 38,180 23,630 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 47,700 28,680 19,025 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 83,255 58,230 25,020 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 29,270 18,810 10,460 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 16,095 11,365 4,730 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 37,880 28,050 9,835 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,160,795 561,175 599,615 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 345,860 139,450 206,415 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 814,930 421,725 393,200 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 70.2 75.2 65.6 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 125,125 66,520 58,605 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 66,770 29,075 37,690 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 107,855 46,470 61,385 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 88,700 38,235 50,465 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 81,850 36,370 45,480 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 74,970 35,920 39,050 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 62,090 34,120 27,975 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 47,105 28,265 18,840 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 36,890 23,065 13,815 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 123,575 83,675 39,895 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 30,425 19,065 11,360 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 29,140 16,620 12,520 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 64,010 47,995 16,020 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 563,075 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,482 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,338 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 152,595 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,267 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,222 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 410,485 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,917 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,046 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 563,080 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,592 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,874 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 152,500 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,869 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,118 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 410,575 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,575 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,897 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 563,075 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,035 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,475 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 15,265 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 20,560 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 24,930 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,280 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 23,940 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 24,825 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 24,525 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 23,730 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 44,995 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 41,085 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 37,435 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 34,110 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,140 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 180,745 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 60,025 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,885 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 45,090 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 34,740 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 563,075 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,505 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,640 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 15,505 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 21,515 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 27,885 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 25,000 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 27,500 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 28,985 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 29,005 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 27,960 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 52,540 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 47,355 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 43,150 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 37,450 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,475 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 133,610 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 56,055 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,505 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 44,055 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 397,760 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,135 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,148 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 150,105 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,800 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,607 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 171,815 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,295 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,867 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 65,640 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,758 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,002 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 397,775 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,967 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,095 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 150,035 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,113 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,837 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 171,920 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,337 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,920 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 65,590 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,893 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,295 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 194,405 90,895 103,510 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,195 33,692 29,461 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,661 30,504 27,400 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 194,085 90,650 103,440 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,695 43,158 38,537 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,623 36,035 33,385 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,386,050 676,825 709,225 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 672,310 317,470 354,835 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 126,130 60,265 65,865 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 133,190 58,730 74,455 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 136,730 63,935 72,795 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 136,295 65,680 70,610 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 139,965 68,860 71,105 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 713,740 359,350 354,395 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 141,390 70,205 71,185 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 145,540 72,710 72,830 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 147,315 74,120 73,195 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 149,935 76,070 73,870 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 129,560 66,250 63,305 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,385,310 676,440 708,870 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 273,915 140,650 133,270 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 86,020 44,070 41,945 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 859,740 420,585 439,155 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 251,650 115,205 136,440 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 187,680 85,695 101,985 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 49,200 25,190 24,005 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 16,735 8,515 8,220 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 111,640 51,135 60,505 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 26,840 9,365 17,475 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.5 12.7 14.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.0 17.9 18.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.5 19.3 19.6 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.2 13.8 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.7 8.1 12.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 119,700 57,110 62,590 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 28,850 14,765 14,080 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 9,875 4,990 4,885 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 80,490 38,665 41,825 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 10,360 3,675 6,685 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.6 8.4 8.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 11.5 11.3 11.6 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.4 9.2 9.5 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 4.1 3.2 4.9 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,386,050 676,825 709,225 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 1,370,670 670,635 700,030 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 1,369,705 670,205 699,505 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 90,350 39,100 51,245 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 295,650 140,900 154,750 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 650 315 335 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 255 125 125 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 15 25 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 10 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 200 110 95 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 10 15 10 10
Ojibway 190 100 90 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 10 10 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 20 0 15 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 20 0 15 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 385 170 210 0 10 10
Cayuga 115 35 80 0 0 0
Mohawk 290 145 145 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 295,020 140,600 154,425 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,025 12,270 11,755 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 55 30 25 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 10 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 1,430 620 810 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 10 0 10 15 0 15
Oromo 100 40 65 190 110 80
Somali 1,320 575 740 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 22,670 11,685 10,980 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 335 175 165 1,755 905 855
Arabic 18,720 9,680 9,040 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,860 1,435 1,430 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 350 180 165 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 1,000 530 470 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 620 300 315 165 90 80
Tigrigna 200 90 110 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 180 80 95 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,025 3,260 3,770 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,335 580 755 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 5,750 2,715 3,035 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 12,125 4,715 7,415 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 55 30 20 495 205 285
Cebuano 445 135 300 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 50 20 25 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 100 40 55 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 705 280 420 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 385 160 230 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 90 35 50 775 350 430
Pangasinan 25 10 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,385 4,425 6,965 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 20 10 10 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 30 55 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 1,330 650 680 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 140 55 85 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 550 260 295 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 635 335 300 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 3,045 1,500 1,545 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 180 90 85 445 210 235
Malayalam 1,505 745 760 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,255 620 635 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 330 170 160 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 212,030 101,625 110,405 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 2,070 1,010 1,055 1,135 580 555
Armenian 775 385 390 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 54,915 25,665 29,255 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 1,520 655 865 635 310 325
Latvian 655 290 365 310 175 140
Lithuanian 865 365 500 325 135 185
Slavic languages 53,540 25,090 28,455 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 55 15 35 205 95 110
Bosnian 1,905 970 940 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 525 260 260 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 10,125 4,990 5,130 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 2,125 995 1,130 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 1,165 555 615 345 180 160
Polish 18,550 8,240 10,315 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 5,575 2,640 2,935 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 9,490 4,840 4,650 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 655 335 320 1,240 595 645
Slovak 1,360 650 715 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,290 575 720 725 330 400
Ukrainian 5,515 2,290 3,225 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 305 165 135 250 120 125
Celtic languages 385 175 205 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 170 85 90 350 225 120
Welsh 70 30 35 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 60 85 685 370 320
Germanic languages 36,090 16,740 19,345 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 910 420 490 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 625 260 365 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 11,880 5,745 6,135 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 405 215 190 120 55 65
German 21,800 10,015 11,785 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 30 10 20 215 110 100
Norwegian 180 65 110 1,405 730 680
Swedish 475 200 275 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 520 215 310 220 125 100
Yiddish 75 30 45 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 490 270 220 75 40 30
Greek 4,285 2,250 2,025 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 34,970 17,645 17,330 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 28,695 14,465 14,230 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 2,080 1,035 1,050 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 3,640 1,880 1,760 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 8,965 4,600 4,365 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 30 15 20 45 25 20
Konkani 100 35 65 375 185 190
Marathi 325 185 140 1,275 650 625
Nepali 280 155 120 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 30 10 20 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,055 6,140 5,915 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 360 155 205 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 595 300 290 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 8,850 4,430 4,425 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 6,520 3,295 3,230 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 1,945 1,010 935 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 445 245 195 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 4,410 2,200 2,215 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 235 130 105 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 83,340 40,120 43,220 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 45 30 15 245 125 120
Italian 40,140 19,360 20,780 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 14,985 7,430 7,555 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 3,675 1,740 1,935 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 27,025 12,755 14,270 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 170 110 65 220 130 85
Japanese 1,480 690 795 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 20 15 10 90 50 40
Georgian 20 15 10 90 50 45
Korean 4,315 1,935 2,380 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 4,315 2,045 2,260 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 695 325 370 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 30 10 25 115 65 55
Ewe 65 30 35 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 20 45 10 35
Ga 80 30 50 95 60 35
Ganda 60 30 35 105 60 45
Igbo 260 170 90 240 140 95
Lingala 425 210 215 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 110 40 70 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 215 100 120 210 95 115
Shona 580 260 320 265 125 140
Swahili 1,135 520 615 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 40 20 20 30 15 15
Yoruba 395 205 200 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 765 360 410 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 290 145 140 300 150 150
Dinka 25 15 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 260 130 130 250 120 135
Sign languages 2,065 920 1,150 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 1,015 385 625 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,065 530 535 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,240 8,790 9,455 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 17,785 8,550 9,235 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 6,420 2,985 3,430 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 95 40 55 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 11,730 5,640 6,090 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 20 10 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 550 250 300 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 870 415 455 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 455 240 215 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 85 50 35 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 360 185 180 905 455 450
Tibetan 20 0 25 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 1,535 685 850 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 990 450 535 1,125 505 620
Thai 725 305 420 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,815 935 880 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 125 70 60 835 455 385
Turkish 1,565 795 770 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 70 35 35 105 50 55
Uzbek 40 15 20 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 225 125 105
Uralic languages 7,470 3,435 4,035 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 455 215 240 495 205 295
Finnish 475 180 295 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 6,545 3,045 3,505 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 340 190 150 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,386,045 676,825 709,225 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,323,085 647,345 675,745 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 266,160 136,855 129,305 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,056,925 510,485 546,440 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,965 29,480 33,480 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,386,050 676,820 709,225 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,100,800 541,570 559,230 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 272,710 128,700 144,010 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 121,475 57,355 64,120 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 32,825 15,835 16,990 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 43,375 20,395 22,980 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 51,040 23,725 27,320 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 25,250 11,700 13,550 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 25,790 12,020 13,770 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 23,985 11,385 12,600 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,540 6,555 5,985 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 272,710 128,700 144,010 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 33,490 16,505 16,990 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 56,960 28,740 28,215 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 66,125 29,470 36,655 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 98,705 46,000 52,705 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 17,425 7,985 9,445 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 272,710 128,700 144,010 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 41,485 18,480 23,010 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 880 345 535 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 3,465 1,625 1,840 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 2,360 1,115 1,250 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 1,990 865 1,125 920 415 500
Haiti 420 190 225 265 110 160
Jamaica 5,035 2,470 2,565 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 3,260 1,555 1,710 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 560 245 315 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 2,680 1,210 1,470 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 12,945 5,110 7,835 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 7,895 3,760 4,135 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 142,650 68,340 74,310 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,640 1,820 1,815 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 7,090 3,585 3,510 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 995 485 515 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 8,145 3,640 4,505 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 2,210 1,230 980 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 3,345 1,595 1,745 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,710 795 915 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 20,910 10,425 10,490 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 9,870 5,095 4,775 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 12,155 5,365 6,795 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 8,465 4,300 4,160 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 3,375 1,565 1,815 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 1,735 715 1,015 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,960 1,405 1,555 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 2,205 945 1,260 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 41,830 19,690 22,140 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 11,995 5,685 6,315 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 13,575 6,690 6,885 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 205 95 105 430 270 150
Egypt 1,975 1,055 925 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 450 210 250 1,665 835 825
Kenya 920 420 500 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 270 160 110 730 385 340
Nigeria 700 345 355 1,205 630 575
Somalia 750 315 435 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 1,725 800 925 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 6,575 3,285 3,290 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 73,865 34,575 39,290 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 1,305 620 685 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 1,275 645 630 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 8,325 3,685 4,645 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,240 570 670 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 13,505 6,560 6,940 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,250 1,150 1,100 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 5,725 2,865 2,850 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 515 170 340 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,790 1,265 1,525 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 1,570 770 800 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 5,730 2,870 2,860 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 11,270 4,475 6,800 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 1,130 565 565 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,300 1,180 1,120 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 470 200 270 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 4,460 2,025 2,435 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 9,985 4,950 5,035 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,140 615 525 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 23,985 11,385 12,600 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 4,580 2,320 2,255 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 130 50 80 960 445 520
Colombia 575 270 305 465 220 240
Cuba 245 130 115 70 35 30
Haiti 140 60 80 15 0 10
Jamaica 590 355 230 160 115 45
Mexico 525 265 260 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,270 645 620 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 175 85 95 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 925 460 470 1,855 875 975
Europe 3,655 1,795 1,865 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 95 50 45 790 415 370
Germany 155 75 80 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 130 80 50 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 0 15