Census Profile, 2016 Census
Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula [Economic region], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula
Ontario
[Economic region]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula [Economic region], Ontario  Map : Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula [Economic region], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,412,714 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,372,227 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.0 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 594,569 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 563,078 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 197.7 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 7,145.17 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,412,715 687,705 725,010 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 225,750 115,945 109,805 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 71,525 36,645 34,880 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 76,425 39,140 37,285 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 77,800 40,160 37,645 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 916,545 450,715 465,830 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 83,370 42,725 40,640 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 89,390 45,650 43,745 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 83,545 41,910 41,635 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 83,325 40,840 42,480 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 81,820 39,735 42,085 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 86,250 41,770 44,480 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 94,655 45,990 48,665 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 110,840 54,120 56,715 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 107,535 52,325 55,210 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 95,825 45,650 50,175 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 270,420 121,045 149,375 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 85,315 40,640 44,675 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 63,170 29,935 33,240 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 46,765 21,500 25,265 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 35,735 15,160 20,570 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 39,435 13,810 25,625 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 24,635 9,445 15,190 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 11,740 3,660 8,080 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 2,720 655 2,065 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 335 50 290 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.0 16.9 15.1 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 64.9 65.5 64.3 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 19.1 17.6 20.6 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.8 2.0 3.5 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 42.4 41.2 43.5 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 43.5 42.1 44.7 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 563,075 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 353,520 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 59,555 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 149,055 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 23,160 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 56,795 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 16,420 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 51,150 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,535 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 945 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 563,075 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 152,595 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 195,645 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 87,915 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 80,560 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 46,360 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,386,050 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,186,960 571,760 615,200 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 679,850 340,020 339,835 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 577,165 288,750 288,420 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 102,685 51,270 51,415 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 507,115 231,745 275,370 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 314,030 169,265 144,765 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 39,355 16,815 22,540 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 75,235 29,560 45,670 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 78,495 16,100 62,390 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 403,805 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 205,605 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 86,630 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 77,960 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 33,610 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 403,805 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 332,835 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 281,515 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 51,320 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 70,970 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 56,515 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 14,455 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 332,835 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 162,560 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 170,280 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 66,295 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 72,260 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 31,730 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 70,970 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 43,050 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 20,340 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 7,580 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 222,355 102,175 120,180 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 563,080 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 381,720 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 153,745 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 227,975 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 10,840 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 170,515 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 152,595 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,920 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,394,645 680,740 713,910 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 1,288,005 635,420 652,585 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 925 385 540 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 89,895 38,470 51,430 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 15,825 6,465 9,360 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,394,645 680,735 713,910 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 1,351,300 661,665 689,635 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 23,725 10,820 12,900 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 4,175 1,990 2,180 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 15,450 6,260 9,195 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 25,810 11,820 13,990 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.7 2.0 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,394,650 680,735 713,910 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 1,371,235 669,490 701,745 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 1,132,260 555,855 576,405 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 1,107,860 544,725 563,130 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 24,400 11,130 13,270 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 238,980 113,635 125,340 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 205 95 110 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 90 40 50 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 90 40 50
Malecite 5 5 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 5 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 25 30 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 55 25 35 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 5 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 10 5 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 5 5 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 80 40 45 710 300 410
Cayuga 35 15 15 40 20 20
Mohawk 50 25 25 590 255 335
Oneida 5 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 5 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 5 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 5 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 238,775 113,540 125,235 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,630 9,555 9,075 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 35 25 10 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 5 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 1,255 585 670 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 5 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 55 30 25 1,445 720 730
Somali 1,190 550 640 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 17,280 8,925 8,355 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 275 130 145 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 13,440 7,010 6,430 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,345 1,155 1,195 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 245 130 120 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 10 0 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 245 145 105 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 390 200 190 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 185 90 95 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,995 2,765 3,225 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,050 470 580 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 4,940 2,295 2,645 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 9,375 3,545 5,830 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 35 15 20 595 260 330
Cebuano 360 135 225 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 10 5 5 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 90 30 60 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 510 210 290 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 210 70 135 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 80 35 40 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 15 5 10 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,965 2,990 4,975 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 20 5 10 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 595 290 300 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 65 30 35 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 365 175 185 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 165 85 75 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 2,310 1,145 1,165 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 95 55 45 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 1,130 570 565 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 835 395 435 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 245 130 115 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 169,665 81,270 88,400 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 1,650 830 825 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 620 300 320 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 47,215 21,605 25,615 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 1,250 515 735 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 510 210 305 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 740 305 430 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 45,965 21,090 24,875 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 25 10 20 515 230 280
Bosnian 1,255 635 620 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 600 280 320 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 6,890 3,360 3,525 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 1,600 725 870 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 760 370 390 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 15,655 6,885 8,770 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 3,650 1,570 2,080 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 7,975 3,985 3,990 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 625 295 330 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 1,250 545 700 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,150 505 645 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 4,360 1,835 2,525 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 170 95 75 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 105 45 55 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 50 20 25 450 210 240
Welsh 40 20 20 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 28,855 13,395 15,455 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 370 175 195 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 515 230 280 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 10,235 4,855 5,385 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 285 150 135 1,240 630 620
German 16,550 7,595 8,950 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 30 15 20 210 100 110
Norwegian 80 35 45 940 405 540
Swedish 205 80 125 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 510 220 290 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 60 40 25 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 170 80 85
Greek 3,090 1,590 1,495 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 27,740 14,085 13,655 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 22,070 11,230 10,835 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 1,570 790 775 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 2,820 1,495 1,325 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 2,115 1,140 975 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 20 10 15 345 170 175
Konkani 80 40 40 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 180 95 90 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 290 150 140 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,440 4,210 4,235 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 185 100 85 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 440 220 225 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 5,895 2,965 2,930 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 5,525 2,770 2,755 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 1,275 665 610 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 415 210 205 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 3,835 1,895 1,940 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 80 65 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 60,390 29,410 30,980 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 25 15 10 285 150 135
Italian 29,625 14,430 15,195 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 11,585 5,745 5,845 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 3,010 1,430 1,580 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 16,090 7,765 8,325 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 420 200 215
Japanese 805 265 540 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 30 10 10 1,200 635 565
Georgian 25 15 10 1,200 635 565
Korean 3,725 1,705 2,020 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 2,210 1,020 1,190 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 370 175 190 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 30 15 15 1,140 475 670
Ewe 40 15 25 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 10 365 180 185
Ga 35 15 20 600 275 325
Ganda 45 25 20 760 360 400
Igbo 95 45 45 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 40 20 25 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 80 35 45 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 90 40 50 1,330 545 785
Shona 340 145 195 1,455 660 790
Swahili 450 200 250 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 5 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 170 100 75 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 405 180 225 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 160 80 75 1,610 810 800
Dinka 15 5 5 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 295 150 145 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 125 55 70 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 170 95 75 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,015 7,535 8,480 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 15,615 7,335 8,285 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 5,070 2,380 2,690 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 70 30 40 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 9,205 4,310 4,900 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 10 0 5 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 355 175 180 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 65 85 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 755 365 385 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 400 205 190 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 100 45 55 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 260 135 120 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 20 10 10 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 985 435 550 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 650 315 335 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 335 125 210 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 1,365 720 645 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 70 40 35 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 1,215 645 570 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 15 10 10 515 255 260
Uzbek 20 10 10 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 640 295 345
Uralic languages 6,520 2,970 3,545 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 375 165 210 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 355 145 210 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 5,790 2,665 3,125 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 65 40 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 23,410 11,250 12,165 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 3,740 1,745 1,995 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 18,415 8,915 9,495 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 735 345 395 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 520 245 280 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,394,650 680,735 713,910 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 1,346,190 657,610 688,575 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 1,243,960 609,075 634,885 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 1,236,675 605,825 630,850 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 7,290 3,250 4,040 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 102,230 48,540 53,690 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 50 20 25 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 30 15 20 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 20 5 15 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5 210 90 120
Cayuga 5 5 5 5 5 5
Mohawk 5 5 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 102,180 48,520 53,665 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,650 5,280 5,375 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 15 10 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 825 375 450 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 5 170 80 85
Oromo 35 20 20 805 380 425
Somali 785 360 425 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 9,775 4,875 4,905 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 80 40 45 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 7,725 3,845 3,875 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,480 735 745 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 155 85 75 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 100 50 55 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 45 25 20 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 95 50 40 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,770 1,760 2,010 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 550 240 310 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 3,220 1,525 1,700 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 3,850 1,695 2,155 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 5 90 35 55
Cebuano 135 65 65 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 5 5 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 910 385 530
Ilocano 210 100 110 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 45 25 20 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 5 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,400 1,480 1,915 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 255 110 145 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 45 20 25 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 170 70 100 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 1,095 515 580 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 25 15 15 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 530 250 280 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 405 185 220 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 135 70 65 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 64,765 30,630 34,140 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 835 405 430 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 225 100 125 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 18,590 8,720 9,870 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 280 105 175 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 110 45 70 860 350 515
Lithuanian 170 65 100 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 18,310 8,615 9,695 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 5 0 5 175 80 90
Bosnian 705 360 350 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 285 135 150 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 2,460 1,140 1,320 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 620 290 325 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 275 125 145 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 6,085 2,765 3,320 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 2,005 955 1,050 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 4,090 2,025 2,065 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 245 125 120 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 285 130 150 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 275 125 150 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 945 420 525 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 355 160 190
Celtic languages 10 5 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 5 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 35 20 15
Germanic languages 4,645 2,255 2,390 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 160 75 80 755 365 390
Danish 20 10 10 280 135 150
Dutch 505 240 265 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 15 10 5 90 45 45
German 3,775 1,835 1,940 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 10 5 5 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 25 15 15 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 15 20 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 655 315 340
Greek 1,090 530 560 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 16,280 8,065 8,210 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 13,090 6,530 6,565 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 975 475 495 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 1,650 850 800 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 995 545 450 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 5 65 30 35
Konkani 20 10 10 540 260 280
Marathi 55 25 30 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 240 125 110 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,480 2,695 2,790 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 80 45 35 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 190 90 95 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 3,410 1,665 1,740 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 3,110 1,490 1,620 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 685 340 345 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 230 110 120 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 2,195 1,040 1,150 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 75 50 30 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 23,105 10,550 12,550 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 10 5 5 135 60 75
Italian 8,310 3,390 4,925 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 4,400 2,075 2,325 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 1,355 650 710 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 9,025 4,435 4,590 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 50 60
Japanese 305 135 170 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 10 5 10 770 420 355
Georgian 10 0 5 775 420 355
Korean 2,605 1,205 1,400 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 700 305 395 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 110 50 60 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 5 305 120 180
Ewe 10 5 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 10 5 5 175 80 100
Ganda 5 5 5 195 85 110
Igbo 20 10 10 540 265 275
Lingala 25 15 10 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 10 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 15 420 160 260
Shona 130 50 80 455 210 245
Swahili 225 100 125 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 5 0 5 130 65 65
Yoruba 35 15 20 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 20 25 550 260 290
Dinka 5 0 5 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 425 195 225
Sign languages 455 245 200 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 140 70 70 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 310 175 130 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,755 5,220 5,535 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 10,460 5,070 5,395 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 3,045 1,440 1,605 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 20 10 10 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 6,680 3,255 3,425 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 70 70 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 40 40 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 485 245 240 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 295 150 145 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 70 35 35 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 195 105 90 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 15 10 10 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 535 265 270 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 360 170 185 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 170 90 85 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 690 355 330 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 25 15 10 770 385 380
Turkish 630 320 310 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 5 5 5 290 150 140
Uzbek 15 10 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 1,660 745 910 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 45 20 25 790 290 500
Finnish 45 20 20 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 1,565 700 865 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 465 245 225
Multiple responses 48,455 23,125 25,330 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 2,440 1,070 1,370 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 44,885 21,535 23,355 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 270 125 140 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 860 390 470 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,394,650 680,735 713,910 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 1,255,110 615,265 639,840 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 47,180 22,875 24,300 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 14,720 6,170 8,550 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 75,580 35,455 40,125 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 355 165 190 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 75,230 35,290 39,935 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 350 155 195 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 780 395 385 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 920 405 515 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,160,790 561,180 599,615 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,117,555 540,765 576,790 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,544 40,614 28,065 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,117,890 540,800 577,090 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,638 36,395 26,040 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 999,005 493,560 505,450 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,298 39,094 24,983 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 821,760 366,470 455,290 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,317 4,876 6,864 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 814,930 421,725 393,200 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,270 38,396 27,559 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,160,790 561,150 599,640 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,118,000 540,710 577,290 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,123 53,452 37,321 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,118,375 540,765 577,610 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,697 43,659 32,116 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 999,040 493,055 505,990 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,780 52,829 34,961 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 822,115 367,105 455,015 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,161 7,776 8,472 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 814,930 421,310 393,620 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,420 50,298 36,059 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,160,795 561,150 599,640 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 386,635 217,120 169,510 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,461 59,539 47,066 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,979 71,472 54,381 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.8 90.2 82.1 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.1 73.5 65.6 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.2 9.8 17.9 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,160,795 561,175 599,615 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 43,240 20,410 22,830 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 1,117,555 540,770 576,785 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.4 96.2 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 152,000 64,990 87,010 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 193,835 74,965 118,870 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 163,880 65,535 98,340 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 132,775 61,145 71,625 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 115,485 56,250 59,235 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 88,985 47,510 41,475 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 66,940 38,630 28,315 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 49,080 29,865 19,215 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 38,305 23,735 14,575 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 33,545 19,395 14,145 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 82,725 58,745 23,980 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 56,740 39,170 17,570 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 25,985 19,575 6,415 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,160,790 561,175 599,615 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 42,900 20,375 22,530 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 1,117,885 540,800 577,085 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.3 96.4 96.2 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 157,005 66,060 90,945 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 202,660 78,575 124,085 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 188,935 77,655 111,280 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 158,160 75,010 83,150 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 129,215 67,085 62,125 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 89,145 51,325 37,820 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 61,815 38,180 23,630 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 47,700 28,680 19,025 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 83,255 58,230 25,020 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 29,270 18,810 10,460 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 16,095 11,365 4,730 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 37,880 28,050 9,835 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,160,795 561,175 599,615 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 345,860 139,450 206,415 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 814,930 421,725 393,200 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 70.2 75.2 65.6 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 125,125 66,520 58,605 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 66,770 29,075 37,690 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 107,855 46,470 61,385 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 88,700 38,235 50,465 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 81,850 36,370 45,480 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 74,970 35,920 39,050 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 62,090 34,120 27,975 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 47,105 28,265 18,840 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 36,890 23,065 13,815 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 123,575 83,675 39,895 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 30,425 19,065 11,360 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 29,140 16,620 12,520 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 64,010 47,995 16,020 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 563,075 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,482 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,338 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 152,595 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,267 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,222 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 410,485 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,917 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,046 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 563,080 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,592 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,874 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 152,500 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,869 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,118 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 410,575 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,575 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,897 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 563,075 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,035 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,475 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 15,265 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 20,560 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 24,930 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,280 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 23,940 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 24,825 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 24,525 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 23,730 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 44,995 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 41,085 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 37,435 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 34,110 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,140 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 180,745 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 60,025 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,885 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 45,090 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 34,740 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 563,075 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,505 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,640 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 15,505 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 21,515 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 27,885 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 25,000 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 27,500 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 28,985 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 29,005 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 27,960 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 52,540 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 47,355 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 43,150 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 37,450 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,475 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 133,610 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 56,055 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,505 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 44,055 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 397,760 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,135 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,148 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 150,105 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,800 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,607 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 171,815 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,295 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,867 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 65,640 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,758 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,002 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 397,775 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,967 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,095 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 150,035 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,113 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,837 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 171,920 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,337 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,920 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 65,590 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,893 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,295 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 194,405 90,895 103,510 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,195 33,692 29,461 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,661 30,504 27,400 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 194,085 90,650 103,440 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,695 43,158 38,537 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,623 36,035 33,385 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,386,050 676,825 709,225 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 672,310 317,470 354,835 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 126,130 60,265 65,865 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 133,190 58,730 74,455 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 136,730 63,935 72,795 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 136,295 65,680 70,610 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 139,965 68,860 71,105 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 713,740 359,350 354,395 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 141,390 70,205 71,185 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 145,540 72,710 72,830 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 147,315 74,120 73,195 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 149,935 76,070 73,870 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 129,560 66,250 63,305 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,385,310 676,440 708,870 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 273,915 140,650 133,270 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 86,020 44,070 41,945 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 859,740 420,585 439,155 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 251,650 115,205 136,440 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 187,680 85,695 101,985 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 49,200 25,190 24,005 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 16,735 8,515 8,220 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 111,640 51,135 60,505 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 26,840 9,365 17,475 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.5 12.7 14.4 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 18.0 17.9 18.0 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 19.5 19.3 19.6 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.2 13.8 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 10.7 8.1 12.8 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 119,700 57,110 62,590 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 28,850 14,765 14,080 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 9,875 4,990 4,885 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 80,490 38,665 41,825 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 10,360 3,675 6,685 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.6 8.4 8.8 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.6 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 11.5 11.3 11.6 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.4 9.2 9.5 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 4.1 3.2 4.9 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,386,050 676,825 709,225 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 1,370,670 670,635 700,030 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 1,369,705 670,205 699,505 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 90,350 39,100 51,245 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 295,650 140,900 154,750 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 650 315 335 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 255 125 125 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 15 25 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 10 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 10 10 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 10 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 200 110 95 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 10 205 95 105
Ojibway 190 100 90 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 10 10 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 0 15 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 20 0 15 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 385 170 210 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 115 35 80 120 35 85
Mohawk 290 145 145 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 295,020 140,600 154,425 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,025 12,270 11,755 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 55 30 25 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 10 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 1,430 620 810 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 10 0 10 355 200 160
Oromo 100 40 65 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 1,320 575 740 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 370 170 205
Semitic languages 22,670 11,685 10,980 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 335 175 165 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 18,720 9,680 9,040 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,860 1,435 1,430 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 350 180 165 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 1,000 530 470 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 620 300 315 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 200 90 110 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 180 80 95 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,025 3,260 3,770 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,335 580 755 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 5,750 2,715 3,035 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 12,125 4,715 7,415 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 55 30 20 755 340 425
Cebuano 445 135 300 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 50 20 25 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 100 40 55 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 705 280 420 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 385 160 230 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 90 35 50 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 25 10 10 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,385 4,425 6,965 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 20 10 10 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 30 55 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 1,330 650 680 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 140 55 85 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 550 260 295 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 635 335 300 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 3,045 1,500 1,545 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 180 90 85 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 1,505 745 760 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 1,255 620 635 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 330 170 160 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 212,030 101,625 110,405 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 2,070 1,010 1,055 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 775 385 390 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 54,915 25,665 29,255 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 1,520 655 865 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 655 290 365 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 865 365 500 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 53,540 25,090 28,455 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 55 15 35 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 1,905 970 940 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 525 260 260 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 10,125 4,990 5,130 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 2,125 995 1,130 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 1,165 555 615 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 18,550 8,240 10,315 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 5,575 2,640 2,935 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 9,490 4,840 4,650 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 655 335 320 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 1,360 650 715 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,290 575 720 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 5,515 2,290 3,225 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 305 165 135 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 385 175 205 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 170 85 90 1,480 720 765
Welsh 70 30 35 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 60 85 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 36,090 16,740 19,345 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 910 420 490 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 625 260 365 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 11,880 5,745 6,135 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 405 215 190 1,655 820 835
German 21,800 10,015 11,785 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 30 10 20 285 130 155
Norwegian 180 65 110 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 475 200 275 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 520 215 310 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 75 30 45 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 490 270 220 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 4,285 2,250 2,025 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 34,970 17,645 17,330 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 28,695 14,465 14,230 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 2,080 1,035 1,050 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 3,640 1,880 1,760 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 8,965 4,600 4,365 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 30 15 20 600 300 300
Konkani 100 35 65 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 325 185 140 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 280 155 120 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 30 10 20 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,055 6,140 5,915 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 360 155 205 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 595 300 290 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 8,850 4,430 4,425 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 6,520 3,295 3,230 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 1,945 1,010 935 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 445 245 195 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 4,410 2,200 2,215 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 235 130 105 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 83,340 40,120 43,220 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 45 30 15 515 275 240
Italian 40,140 19,360 20,780 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 14,985 7,430 7,555 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 3,675 1,740 1,935 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 27,025 12,755 14,270 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 170 110 65 1,355 745 605
Japanese 1,480 690 795 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 20 15 10 1,555 775 780
Georgian 20 15 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 4,315 1,935 2,380 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 4,315 2,045 2,260 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 695 325 370 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 30 10 25 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 65 30 35 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 20 700 320 375
Ga 80 30 50 1,340 645 695
Ganda 60 30 35 1,225 550 675
Igbo 260 170 90 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 425 210 215 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 110 40 70 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 215 100 120 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 580 260 320 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 1,135 520 615 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 40 20 20 730 355 375
Yoruba 395 205 200 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 765 360 410 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 290 145 140 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 25 15 10 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 260 130 130 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 2,065 920 1,150 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 1,015 385 625 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,065 530 535 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,240 8,790 9,455 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 17,785 8,550 9,235 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 6,420 2,985 3,430 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 95 40 55 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 11,730 5,640 6,090 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 20 10 10 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 550 250 300 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 870 415 455 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 455 240 215 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 85 50 35 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 360 185 180 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 20 0 25 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 1,535 685 850 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 990 450 535 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 725 305 420 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 1,815 935 880 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 125 70 60 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 1,565 795 770 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 70 35 35 700 350 345
Uzbek 40 15 20 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 915 450 465
Uralic languages 7,470 3,435 4,035 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 455 215 240 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 475 180 295 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 6,545 3,045 3,505 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 340 190 150 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,386,045 676,825 709,225 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,323,085 647,345 675,745 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 266,160 136,855 129,305 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,056,925 510,485 546,440 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,965 29,480 33,480 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,386,050 676,820 709,225 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,100,800 541,570 559,230 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 272,710 128,700 144,010 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 121,475 57,355 64,120 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 32,825 15,835 16,990 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 43,375 20,395 22,980 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 51,040 23,725 27,320 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 25,250 11,700 13,550 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 25,790 12,020 13,770 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 23,985 11,385 12,600 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,540 6,555 5,985 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 272,710 128,700 144,010 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 33,490 16,505 16,990 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 56,960 28,740 28,215 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 66,125 29,470 36,655 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 98,705 46,000 52,705 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 17,425 7,985 9,445 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 272,710 128,700 144,010 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 41,485 18,480 23,010 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 880 345 535 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 3,465 1,625 1,840 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 2,360 1,115 1,250 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 1,990 865 1,125 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 420 190 225 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 5,035 2,470 2,565 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 3,260 1,555 1,710 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 560 245 315 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 2,680 1,210 1,470 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 12,945 5,110 7,835 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 7,895 3,760 4,135 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 142,650 68,340 74,310 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,640 1,820 1,815 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 7,090 3,585 3,510 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 995 485 515 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 8,145 3,640 4,505 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 2,210 1,230 980 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 3,345 1,595 1,745 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,710 795 915 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 20,910 10,425 10,490 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 9,870 5,095 4,775 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 12,155 5,365 6,795 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 8,465 4,300 4,160 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 3,375 1,565 1,815 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 1,735 715 1,015 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,960 1,405 1,555 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 2,205 945 1,260 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 41,830 19,690 22,140 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 11,995 5,685 6,315 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 13,575 6,690 6,885 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 205 95 105 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 1,975 1,055 925 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 450 210 250 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 920 420 500 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 270 160 110 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 700 345 355 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 750 315 435 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 1,725 800 925 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 6,575 3,285 3,290 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 73,865 34,575 39,290 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 1,305 620 685 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 1,275 645 630 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 8,325 3,685 4,645 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,240 570 670 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 13,505 6,560 6,940 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,250 1,150 1,100 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 5,725 2,865 2,850 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 515 170 340 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,790 1,265 1,525 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 1,570 770 800 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 5,730 2,870 2,860 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 11,270 4,475 6,800 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 1,130 565 565 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,300 1,180 1,120 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 470 200 270 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 4,460 2,025 2,435 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 9,985 4,950 5,035 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,140 615 525 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 23,985 11,385 12,600 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 4,580 2,320 2,255 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 130 50 80 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 575 270 305 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 245 130 115 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 140 60 80 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 590 355 230 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 525 265 260 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,270 645 620 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 175 85 95 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 925 460 470 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 3,655 1,795 1,865 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 95 50 45 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 155 75 80 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 130 80 50 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 0 15