Census Profile, 2016 Census
Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula [Economic region], Ontario and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula
Ontario
[Economic region]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula [Economic region], Ontario  Map : Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula [Economic region], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,412,714 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,372,227 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.0 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 594,569 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 563,078 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 197.7 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 7,145.17 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,412,715 687,705 725,010 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 225,750 115,945 109,805 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 71,525 36,645 34,880 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 76,425 39,140 37,285 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 77,800 40,160 37,645 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 916,545 450,715 465,830 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 83,370 42,725 40,640 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 89,390 45,650 43,745 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 83,545 41,910 41,635 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 83,325 40,840 42,480 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 81,820 39,735 42,085 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 86,250 41,770 44,480 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 94,655 45,990 48,665 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 110,840 54,120 56,715 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 107,535 52,325 55,210 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 95,825 45,650 50,175 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 270,420 121,045 149,375 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 85,315 40,640 44,675 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 63,170 29,935 33,240 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 46,765 21,500 25,265 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 35,735 15,160 20,570 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 39,435 13,810 25,625 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 24,635 9,445 15,190 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 11,740 3,660 8,080 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 2,720 655 2,065 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 335 50 290 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.0 16.9 15.1 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 64.9 65.5 64.3 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 19.1 17.6 20.6 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.8 2.0 3.5 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 42.4 41.2 43.5 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 43.5 42.1 44.7 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 563,075 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 353,520 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 59,555 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 149,055 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 23,160 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 56,795 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 16,420 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 51,150 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,535 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 945 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 563,075 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 152,595 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 195,645 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 87,915 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 80,560 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 46,360 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,386,050 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,186,960 571,760 615,200 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 679,850 340,020 339,835 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 577,165 288,750 288,420 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 102,685 51,270 51,415 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 507,115 231,745 275,370 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 314,030 169,265 144,765 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 39,355 16,815 22,540 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 75,235 29,560 45,670 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 78,495 16,100 62,390 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 403,805 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 205,605 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 86,630 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 77,960 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 33,610 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 403,805 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 332,835 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 281,515 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 51,320 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 70,970 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 56,515 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 14,455 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 332,835 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 162,560 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 170,280 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 66,295 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 72,260 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 31,730 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 70,970 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 43,050 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 20,340 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 7,580 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 222,355 102,175 120,180 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 563,080 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 381,720 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 153,745 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 227,975 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 10,840 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 170,515 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 152,595 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,920 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,394,645 680,740 713,910 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 1,288,005 635,420 652,585 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 925 385 540 1,485 680 800
English and French 89,895 38,470 51,430 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 15,825 6,465 9,360 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,394,645 680,735 713,910 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 1,351,300 661,665 689,635 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 23,725 10,820 12,900 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 4,175 1,990 2,180 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 15,450 6,260 9,195 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 25,810 11,820 13,990 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.7 2.0 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,394,650 680,735 713,910 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 1,371,235 669,490 701,745 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 1,132,260 555,855 576,405 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 1,107,860 544,725 563,130 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 24,400 11,130 13,270 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 238,980 113,635 125,340 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 205 95 110 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 90 40 50 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 0 0 0 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Malecite 5 5 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 5 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 25 30 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 55 25 35 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 0 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 0 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 80 40 45 0 0 5
Cayuga 35 15 15 0 0 0
Mohawk 50 25 25 5 0 0
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 5 0 630 305 330
Dakota 0 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 5 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 5 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 238,775 113,540 125,235 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,630 9,555 9,075 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 35 25 10 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 5 0 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 1,255 585 670 1,750 875 875
Bilen 5 0 0 155 85 70
Oromo 55 30 25 345 175 170
Somali 1,190 550 640 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 17,280 8,925 8,355 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 275 130 145 1,770 885 885
Arabic 13,440 7,010 6,430 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,345 1,155 1,195 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 245 130 120 0 0 0
Harari 10 0 5 0 0 0
Hebrew 245 145 105 545 320 225
Maltese 390 200 190 40 20 25
Tigrigna 185 90 95 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,995 2,765 3,225 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,050 470 580 280 135 145
Vietnamese 4,940 2,295 2,645 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 9,375 3,545 5,830 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 35 15 20 175 80 95
Cebuano 360 135 225 1,245 565 675
Fijian 10 5 5 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 90 30 60 390 170 220
Ilocano 510 210 290 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 5
Malay 210 70 135 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 80 35 40 655 315 340
Pangasinan 15 5 10 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,965 2,990 4,975 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 20 5 10 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 150 70 85
Creole languages 595 290 300 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 65 30 35 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 365 175 185 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 165 85 75 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 2,310 1,145 1,165 1,565 825 735
Kannada 95 55 45 95 50 40
Malayalam 1,130 570 565 790 410 380
Tamil 835 395 435 480 255 230
Telugu 245 130 115 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 169,665 81,270 88,400 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 1,650 830 825 350 170 180
Armenian 620 300 320 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 47,215 21,605 25,615 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 1,250 515 735 165 65 95
Latvian 510 210 305 80 35 45
Lithuanian 740 305 430 85 35 45
Slavic languages 45,965 21,090 24,875 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 25 10 20 40 20 25
Bosnian 1,255 635 620 575 285 290
Bulgarian 600 280 320 140 70 65
Croatian 6,890 3,360 3,525 1,030 505 530
Czech 1,600 725 870 615 310 310
Macedonian 760 370 390 145 70 75
Polish 15,655 6,885 8,770 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 3,650 1,570 2,080 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 7,975 3,985 3,990 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 625 295 330 240 110 130
Slovak 1,250 545 700 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,150 505 645 270 130 140
Ukrainian 4,360 1,835 2,525 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 170 95 75 75 40 30
Celtic languages 105 45 55 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 50 20 25 50 25 20
Welsh 40 20 20 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 10 10 0
Germanic languages 28,855 13,395 15,455 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 370 175 195 420 220 205
Danish 515 230 280 280 145 135
Dutch 10,235 4,855 5,385 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 285 150 135 55 30 25
German 16,550 7,595 8,950 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 30 15 20 475 210 260
Norwegian 80 35 45 115 45 65
Swedish 205 80 125 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 510 220 290 310 125 180
Yiddish 60 40 25 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 25 10 10
Greek 3,090 1,590 1,495 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 27,740 14,085 13,655 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 22,070 11,230 10,835 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 1,570 790 775 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 2,820 1,495 1,325 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 2,115 1,140 975 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 20 10 15 5 5 5
Konkani 80 40 40 35 20 15
Marathi 180 95 90 135 80 50
Nepali 290 150 140 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 5 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,440 4,210 4,235 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 185 100 85 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 440 220 225 670 345 320
Urdu 5,895 2,965 2,930 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 5,525 2,770 2,755 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 1,275 665 610 415 210 200
Pashto 415 210 205 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 3,835 1,895 1,940 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 80 65 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 60,390 29,410 30,980 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 25 15 10 0 0 5
Italian 29,625 14,430 15,195 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 11,585 5,745 5,845 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 3,010 1,430 1,580 645 310 335
Spanish 16,090 7,765 8,325 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 15 5 10
Japanese 805 265 540 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 30 10 10 15 10 10
Georgian 25 15 10 15 5 5
Korean 3,725 1,705 2,020 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Mongolian 5 0 0 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 2,210 1,020 1,190 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 370 175 190 150 90 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 75 25 45
Edo 30 15 15 40 20 15
Ewe 40 15 25 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 10 65 35 30
Ga 35 15 20 15 10 5
Ganda 45 25 20 50 20 30
Igbo 95 45 45 280 155 130
Lingala 40 20 25 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 80 35 45 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 90 40 50 250 125 120
Shona 340 145 195 110 50 60
Swahili 450 200 250 870 420 455
Wolof 5 5 5 75 50 25
Yoruba 170 100 75 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 405 180 225 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 160 80 75 395 215 180
Dinka 15 5 5 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 225 125 100
Sign languages 295 150 145 440 230 210
American Sign Language 125 55 70 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 170 95 75 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,015 7,535 8,480 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 15,615 7,335 8,285 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 5,070 2,380 2,690 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 70 30 40 55 30 25
Mandarin 9,205 4,310 4,900 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 10 0 5 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 355 175 180 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 65 85 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 755 365 385 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 400 205 190 575 295 285
Burmese 100 45 55 85 50 30
Karenic languages 260 135 120 430 215 220
Tibetan 20 10 10 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 985 435 550 1,120 525 595
Lao 650 315 335 875 445 430
Thai 335 125 210 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 1,365 720 645 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 70 40 35 30 20 15
Turkish 1,215 645 570 210 120 95
Uyghur 15 10 10 10 5 10
Uzbek 20 10 10 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 40 25 20
Uralic languages 6,520 2,970 3,545 1,440 655 790
Estonian 375 165 210 30 10 15
Finnish 355 145 210 225 85 135
Hungarian 5,790 2,665 3,125 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 65 40 155 85 70
Multiple responses 23,410 11,250 12,165 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 3,740 1,745 1,995 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 18,415 8,915 9,495 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 735 345 395 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 520 245 280 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,394,650 680,735 713,910 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 1,346,190 657,610 688,575 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 1,243,960 609,075 634,885 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 1,236,675 605,825 630,850 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 7,290 3,250 4,040 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 102,230 48,540 53,690 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 50 20 25 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 30 15 20 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 5 15 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 5 5 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 102,180 48,520 53,665 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,650 5,280 5,375 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 15 10 0 20 15 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 825 375 450 1,185 550 630
Bilen 0 0 5 120 65 55
Oromo 35 20 20 210 95 115
Somali 785 360 425 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 9,775 4,875 4,905 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 80 40 45 1,045 520 525
Arabic 7,725 3,845 3,875 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,480 735 745 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 155 85 75 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 100 50 55 355 195 160
Maltese 45 25 20 10 5 5
Tigrigna 95 50 40 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,770 1,760 2,010 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 550 240 310 125 55 70
Vietnamese 3,220 1,525 1,700 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,850 1,695 2,155 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 0 0 5 30 15 15
Cebuano 135 65 65 495 250 245
Fijian 5 5 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 125 55 75
Ilocano 210 100 110 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 45 25 20 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 245 120 130
Pangasinan 5 0 0 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,400 1,480 1,915 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 30 15 15
Creole languages 255 110 145 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 45 20 25 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 170 70 100 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 1,095 515 580 800 400 400
Kannada 25 15 15 45 25 25
Malayalam 530 250 280 405 195 205
Tamil 405 185 220 240 120 120
Telugu 135 70 65 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 64,765 30,630 34,140 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 835 405 430 155 80 75
Armenian 225 100 125 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 18,590 8,720 9,870 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 280 105 175 25 10 15
Latvian 110 45 70 15 5 5
Lithuanian 170 65 100 10 5 5
Slavic languages 18,310 8,615 9,695 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 5 0 5 0 5 0
Bosnian 705 360 350 285 145 140
Bulgarian 285 135 150 65 30 30
Croatian 2,460 1,140 1,320 320 145 180
Czech 620 290 325 115 55 60
Macedonian 275 125 145 85 35 45
Polish 6,085 2,765 3,320 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 2,005 955 1,050 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 4,090 2,025 2,065 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 245 125 120 90 40 50
Slovak 285 130 150 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 275 125 150 55 20 30
Ukrainian 945 420 525 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 10 5 5
Celtic languages 10 5 0 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 5 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Germanic languages 4,645 2,255 2,390 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 160 75 80 200 100 100
Danish 20 10 10 10 5 5
Dutch 505 240 265 270 135 130
Frisian 15 10 5 10 5 5
German 3,775 1,835 1,940 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 10 5 5 35 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Swedish 25 15 15 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 15 20 15 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 465 240 225
Greek 1,090 530 560 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 16,280 8,065 8,210 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 13,090 6,530 6,565 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 975 475 495 690 390 305
Gujarati 1,650 850 800 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 995 545 450 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 5 0 0 0
Konkani 20 10 10 10 5 5
Marathi 55 25 30 40 25 20
Nepali 240 125 110 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,480 2,695 2,790 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 80 45 35 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 190 90 95 360 190 170
Urdu 3,410 1,665 1,740 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 3,110 1,490 1,620 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 685 340 345 275 135 140
Pashto 230 110 120 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 2,195 1,040 1,150 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 75 50 30 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 23,105 10,550 12,550 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 10 5 5 0 0 0
Italian 8,310 3,390 4,925 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 4,400 2,075 2,325 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 1,355 650 710 235 110 125
Spanish 9,025 4,435 4,590 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Japanese 305 135 170 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 10 5 10 10 5 0
Georgian 10 0 5 10 5 5
Korean 2,605 1,205 1,400 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 700 305 395 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 110 50 60 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 5 5 5 0
Ewe 10 5 5 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 35 15 15
Ga 10 5 5 5 0 0
Ganda 5 5 5 5 0 0
Igbo 20 10 10 75 40 35
Lingala 25 15 10 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 10 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 15 105 55 50
Shona 130 50 80 10 5 10
Swahili 225 100 125 500 240 265
Wolof 5 0 5 25 20 10
Yoruba 35 15 20 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 20 25 130 60 70
Dinka 5 0 5 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 55 30 25
Sign languages 455 245 200 560 310 255
American Sign Language 140 70 70 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 310 175 130 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,755 5,220 5,535 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 10,460 5,070 5,395 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 3,045 1,440 1,605 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 20 10 10 25 10 15
Mandarin 6,680 3,255 3,425 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 70 70 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 40 40 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 485 245 240 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 295 150 145 465 235 225
Burmese 70 35 35 55 30 25
Karenic languages 195 105 90 370 190 180
Tibetan 15 10 10 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 535 265 270 535 250 280
Lao 360 170 185 430 210 220
Thai 170 90 85 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 690 355 330 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 25 15 10 10 5 10
Turkish 630 320 310 65 35 35
Uyghur 5 5 5 0 0 0
Uzbek 15 10 5 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 25 10 15
Uralic languages 1,660 745 910 305 140 165
Estonian 45 20 25 0 0 0
Finnish 45 20 20 35 15 15
Hungarian 1,565 700 865 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 40 25 20
Multiple responses 48,455 23,125 25,330 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 2,440 1,070 1,370 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 44,885 21,535 23,355 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 270 125 140 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 860 390 470 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,394,650 680,735 713,910 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 1,255,110 615,265 639,840 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 47,180 22,875 24,300 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 14,720 6,170 8,550 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 75,580 35,455 40,125 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 355 165 190 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 75,230 35,290 39,935 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 350 155 195 305 150 150
English and non-official language 780 395 385 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 920 405 515 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,160,790 561,180 599,615 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,117,555 540,765 576,790 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,544 40,614 28,065 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,117,890 540,800 577,090 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,638 36,395 26,040 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 999,005 493,560 505,450 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,298 39,094 24,983 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 821,760 366,470 455,290 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,317 4,876 6,864 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 814,930 421,725 393,200 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,270 38,396 27,559 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,160,790 561,150 599,640 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,118,000 540,710 577,290 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,123 53,452 37,321 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,118,375 540,765 577,610 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,697 43,659 32,116 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 999,040 493,055 505,990 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,780 52,829 34,961 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 822,115 367,105 455,015 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,161 7,776 8,472 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 814,930 421,310 393,620 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,420 50,298 36,059 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,160,795 561,150 599,640 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 386,635 217,120 169,510 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,461 59,539 47,066 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,979 71,472 54,381 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.8 90.2 82.1 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.1 73.5 65.6 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.2 9.8 17.9 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,160,795 561,175 599,615 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 43,240 20,410 22,830 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 1,117,555 540,770 576,785 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.4 96.2 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 152,000 64,990 87,010 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 193,835 74,965 118,870 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 163,880 65,535 98,340 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 132,775 61,145 71,625 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 115,485 56,250 59,235 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 88,985 47,510 41,475 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 66,940 38,630 28,315 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 49,080 29,865 19,215 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 38,305 23,735 14,575 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 33,545 19,395 14,145 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 82,725 58,745 23,980 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 56,740 39,170 17,570 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 25,985 19,575 6,415 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,160,790 561,175 599,615 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 42,900 20,375 22,530 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 1,117,885 540,800 577,085 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 96.3 96.4 96.2 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 157,005 66,060 90,945 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 202,660 78,575 124,085 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 188,935 77,655 111,280 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 158,160 75,010 83,150 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 129,215 67,085 62,125 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 89,145 51,325 37,820 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 61,815 38,180 23,630 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 47,700 28,680 19,025 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 83,255 58,230 25,020 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 29,270 18,810 10,460 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 16,095 11,365 4,730 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 37,880 28,050 9,835 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,160,795 561,175 599,615 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 345,860 139,450 206,415 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 814,930 421,725 393,200 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 70.2 75.2 65.6 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 125,125 66,520 58,605 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 66,770 29,075 37,690 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 107,855 46,470 61,385 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 88,700 38,235 50,465 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 81,850 36,370 45,480 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 74,970 35,920 39,050 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 62,090 34,120 27,975 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 47,105 28,265 18,840 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 36,890 23,065 13,815 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 123,575 83,675 39,895 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 30,425 19,065 11,360 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 29,140 16,620 12,520 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 64,010 47,995 16,020 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 563,075 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,482 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,338 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 152,595 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,267 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,222 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 410,485 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,917 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,046 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 563,080 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,592 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,874 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 152,500 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,869 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,118 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 410,575 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,575 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,897 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 563,075 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,035 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,475 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 15,265 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 20,560 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 24,930 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,280 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 23,940 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 24,825 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 24,525 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 23,730 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 44,995 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 41,085 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 37,435 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 34,110 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,140 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 180,745 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 60,025 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,885 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 45,090 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 34,740 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 563,075 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,505 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,640 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 15,505 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 21,515 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 27,885 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 25,000 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 27,500 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 28,985 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 29,005 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 27,960 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 52,540 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 47,355 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 43,150 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 37,450 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,475 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 133,610 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 56,055 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,505 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 44,055 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 397,760 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,135 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,148 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 150,105 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,800 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,607 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 171,815 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,295 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,867 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 65,640 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,758 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,002 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 397,775 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,967 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,095 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 150,035 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,113 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,837 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 171,920 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,337 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,920 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 65,590 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,893 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,295 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 194,405 90,895 103,510 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,195 33,692 29,461 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,661 30,504 27,400 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 194,085 90,650 103,440 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,695 43,158 38,537 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,623 36,035 33,385 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,386,050 676,825 709,225 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 672,310 317,470 354,835 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 126,130 60,265 65,865 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 133,190 58,730 74,455 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 136,730 63,935 72,795 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 136,295 65,680 70,610 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 139,965 68,860 71,105 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 713,740 359,350 354,395 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 141,390 70,205 71,185 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 145,540 72,710 72,830 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 147,315 74,120 73,195 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 149,935 76,070 73,870 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 129,560 66,250 63,305 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,385,310 676,440 708,870 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 273,915 140,650 133,270 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 86,020 44,070 41,945 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 859,740 420,585 439,155 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 251,650 115,205 136,440 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 187,680 85,695 101,985 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 49,200 25,190 24,005 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 16,735 8,515 8,220 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 111,640 51,135 60,505 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 26,840 9,365 17,475 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.5 12.7 14.4 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.0 17.9 18.0 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 19.5 19.3 19.6 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.2 13.8 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 10.7 8.1 12.8 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 119,700 57,110 62,590 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 28,850 14,765 14,080 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 9,875 4,990 4,885 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 80,490 38,665 41,825 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 10,360 3,675 6,685 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.6 8.4 8.8 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.6 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 11.5 11.3 11.6 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 9.4 9.2 9.5 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 4.1 3.2 4.9 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,386,050 676,825 709,225 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 1,370,670 670,635 700,030 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 1,369,705 670,205 699,505 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 90,350 39,100 51,245 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 295,650 140,900 154,750 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 650 315 335 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 255 125 125 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 15 25 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 85 25 55
Plains Cree 0 0 0 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 10 10 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 10 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 200 110 95 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 10 10 0 0
Ojibway 190 100 90 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 10 10 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 0 15 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 20 0 15 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 385 170 210 15 10 10
Cayuga 115 35 80 0 0 0
Mohawk 290 145 145 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 295,020 140,600 154,425 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,025 12,270 11,755 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 55 30 25 85 50 40
Kabyle 0 10 0 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 1,430 620 810 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 10 0 10 210 120 85
Oromo 100 40 65 535 275 260
Somali 1,320 575 740 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 15 15 10
Semitic languages 22,670 11,685 10,980 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 335 175 165 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 18,720 9,680 9,040 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,860 1,435 1,430 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 350 180 165 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 1,000 530 470 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 620 300 315 65 30 35
Tigrigna 200 90 110 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 180 80 95 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,025 3,260 3,770 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,335 580 755 335 185 150
Vietnamese 5,750 2,715 3,035 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 12,125 4,715 7,415 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 55 30 20 225 100 125
Cebuano 445 135 300 1,615 805 810
Fijian 50 20 25 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 100 40 55 425 180 245
Ilocano 705 280 420 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 385 160 230 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 90 35 50 945 415 530
Pangasinan 25 10 10 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,385 4,425 6,965 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 20 10 10 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 30 55 200 80 120
Creole languages 1,330 650 680 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 140 55 85 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 550 260 295 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 635 335 300 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 3,045 1,500 1,545 1,840 945 895
Kannada 180 90 85 175 95 80
Malayalam 1,505 745 760 830 400 430
Tamil 1,255 620 635 655 330 325
Telugu 330 170 160 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 212,030 101,625 110,405 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 2,070 1,010 1,055 390 195 195
Armenian 775 385 390 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 54,915 25,665 29,255 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 1,520 655 865 230 90 140
Latvian 655 290 365 115 45 70
Lithuanian 865 365 500 120 50 65
Slavic languages 53,540 25,090 28,455 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 55 15 35 65 25 45
Bosnian 1,905 970 940 835 405 430
Bulgarian 525 260 260 155 95 60
Croatian 10,125 4,990 5,130 1,595 765 825
Czech 2,125 995 1,130 735 335 395
Macedonian 1,165 555 615 140 75 60
Polish 18,550 8,240 10,315 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 5,575 2,640 2,935 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 9,490 4,840 4,650 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 655 335 320 190 75 115
Slovak 1,360 650 715 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,290 575 720 275 100 175
Ukrainian 5,515 2,290 3,225 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 305 165 135 70 35 30
Celtic languages 385 175 205 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 170 85 90 90 65 25
Welsh 70 30 35 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 60 85 45 15 25
Germanic languages 36,090 16,740 19,345 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 910 420 490 715 330 385
Danish 625 260 365 270 120 150
Dutch 11,880 5,745 6,135 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 405 215 190 90 65 30
German 21,800 10,015 11,785 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 30 10 20 560 225 335
Norwegian 180 65 110 290 115 175
Swedish 475 200 275 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 520 215 310 270 120 155
Yiddish 75 30 45 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 490 270 220 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 4,285 2,250 2,025 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 34,970 17,645 17,330 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 28,695 14,465 14,230 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 2,080 1,035 1,050 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 3,640 1,880 1,760 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 8,965 4,600 4,365 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 30 15 20 20 15 10
Konkani 100 35 65 40 30 10
Marathi 325 185 140 275 170 105
Nepali 280 155 120 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 30 10 20 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,055 6,140 5,915 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 360 155 205 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 595 300 290 920 500 420
Urdu 8,850 4,430 4,425 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 6,520 3,295 3,230 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 1,945 1,010 935 600 295 305
Pashto 445 245 195 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 4,410 2,200 2,215 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 235 130 105 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 83,340 40,120 43,220 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 45 30 15 15 10 10
Italian 40,140 19,360 20,780 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 14,985 7,430 7,555 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 3,675 1,740 1,935 785 395 390
Spanish 27,025 12,755 14,270 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 170 110 65 60 45 15
Japanese 1,480 690 795 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 20 15 10 10 0 15
Georgian 20 15 10 15 0 15
Korean 4,315 1,935 2,380 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Mongolian 0 0 0 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 4,315 2,045 2,260 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 695 325 370 260 165 95
Bamanankan 0 0 0 160 95 65
Edo 30 10 25 95 60 30
Ewe 65 30 35 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 20 50 25 25
Ga 80 30 50 30 10 15
Ganda 60 30 35 230 110 120
Igbo 260 170 90 665 345 325
Lingala 425 210 215 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 110 40 70 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 215 100 120 305 155 155
Shona 580 260 320 250 110 140
Swahili 1,135 520 615 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 40 20 20 150 85 70
Yoruba 395 205 200 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 765 360 410 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 290 145 140 410 225 185
Dinka 25 15 10 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 260 130 130 225 120 105
Sign languages 2,065 920 1,150 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 1,015 385 625 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,065 530 535 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,240 8,790 9,455 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 17,785 8,550 9,235 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 6,420 2,985 3,430 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 95 40 55 50 30 20
Mandarin 11,730 5,640 6,090 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 20 10 10 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 550 250 300 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 870 415 455 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 455 240 215 675 310 370
Burmese 85 50 35 185 115 70
Karenic languages 360 185 180 465 200 265
Tibetan 20 0 25 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 1,535 685 850 1,565 730 835
Lao 990 450 535 1,120 520 600
Thai 725 305 420 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,815 935 880 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 125 70 60 50 25 30
Turkish 1,565 795 770 365 180 185
Uyghur 70 35 35 30 15 10
Uzbek 40 15 20 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 45 15 30
Uralic languages 7,470 3,435 4,035 1,550 730 815
Estonian 455 215 240 45 20 25
Finnish 475 180 295 265 105 160
Hungarian 6,545 3,045 3,505 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 340 190 150 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,386,045 676,825 709,225 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,323,085 647,345 675,745 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 266,160 136,855 129,305 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,056,925 510,485 546,440 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,965 29,480 33,480 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,386,050 676,820 709,225 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,100,800 541,570 559,230 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 272,710 128,700 144,010 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 121,475 57,355 64,120 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 32,825 15,835 16,990 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 43,375 20,395 22,980 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 51,040 23,725 27,320 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 25,250 11,700 13,550 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 25,790 12,020 13,770 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 23,985 11,385 12,600 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,540 6,555 5,985 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 272,710 128,700 144,010 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 33,490 16,505 16,990 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 56,960 28,740 28,215 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 66,125 29,470 36,655 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 98,705 46,000 52,705 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 17,425 7,985 9,445 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 272,710 128,700 144,010 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 41,485 18,480 23,010 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 880 345 535 435 170 265
Colombia 3,465 1,625 1,840 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 2,360 1,115 1,250 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 1,990 865 1,125 1,135 515 620
Haiti 420 190 225 155 75 80
Jamaica 5,035 2,470 2,565 1,810 835 970
Mexico 3,260 1,555 1,710 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 560 245 315 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 2,680 1,210 1,470 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 12,945 5,110 7,835 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 7,895 3,760 4,135 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 142,650 68,340 74,310 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,640 1,820 1,815 1,055 530 525
Croatia 7,090 3,585 3,510 975 445 535
France 995 485 515 795 425 365
Germany 8,145 3,640 4,505 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 2,210 1,230 980 820 445 375
Hungary 3,345 1,595 1,745 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,710 795 915 650 310 340
Italy 20,910 10,425 10,490 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 9,870 5,095 4,775 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 12,155 5,365 6,795 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 8,465 4,300 4,160 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 3,375 1,565 1,815 720 345 375
Russian Federation 1,735 715 1,015 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,960 1,405 1,555 355 175 175
Ukraine 2,205 945 1,260 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 41,830 19,690 22,140 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 11,995 5,685 6,315 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 13,575 6,690 6,885 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 205 95 105 115 60 55
Egypt 1,975 1,055 925 980 525 455
Ethiopia 450 210 250 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 920 420 500 935 470 465
Morocco 270 160 110 250 140 110
Nigeria 700 345 355 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 750 315 435 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 1,725 800 925 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 6,575 3,285 3,290 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 73,865 34,575 39,290 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 1,305 620 685 615 285 330
Bangladesh 1,275 645 630 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 8,325 3,685 4,645 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,240 570 670 1,460 715 735
India 13,505 6,560 6,940 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,250 1,150 1,100 1,180 655 530
Iraq 5,725 2,865 2,850 860 460 400
Japan 515 170 340 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,790 1,265 1,525 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 1,570 770 800 265 165 100
Pakistan 5,730 2,870 2,860 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 11,270 4,475 6,800 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 1,130 565 565 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,300 1,180 1,120 805 390 410
Taiwan 470 200 270 215 110 110
Viet Nam 4,460 2,025 2,435 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 9,985 4,950 5,035 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,140 615 525 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 23,985 11,385 12,600 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 4,580 2,320 2,255 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 130 50 80 100 35 65
Colombia 575 270 305 185 70 120
Cuba 245 130 115 75 25 55
Haiti 140 60 80 15 10 0
Jamaica 590 355 230 340 175 165
Mexico 525 265 260 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,270 645 620 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 175 85 95 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 925 460 470 1,490 640 850
Europe 3,655 1,795 1,865 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 95 50 45 135 70 75
Germany 155 75 80 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 130 80 50 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 0 15 160 85 70
Romania 265 115 155 70 30 35