Census Profile, 2016 Census
Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula [Economic region], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula
Ontario
[Economic region]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula [Economic region], Ontario  Map : Hamilton--Niagara Peninsula [Economic region], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 1,412,714 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 1,372,227 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.0 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 594,569 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 563,078 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 197.7 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 7,145.17 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 1,412,715 687,705 725,010 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 225,750 115,945 109,805 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 71,525 36,645 34,880 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 76,425 39,140 37,285 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 77,800 40,160 37,645 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 916,545 450,715 465,830 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 83,370 42,725 40,640 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 89,390 45,650 43,745 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 83,545 41,910 41,635 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 83,325 40,840 42,480 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 81,820 39,735 42,085 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 86,250 41,770 44,480 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 94,655 45,990 48,665 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 110,840 54,120 56,715 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 107,535 52,325 55,210 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 95,825 45,650 50,175 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 270,420 121,045 149,375 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 85,315 40,640 44,675 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 63,170 29,935 33,240 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 46,765 21,500 25,265 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 35,735 15,160 20,570 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 39,435 13,810 25,625 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 24,635 9,445 15,190 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 11,740 3,660 8,080 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 2,720 655 2,065 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 335 50 290 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.0 16.9 15.1 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 64.9 65.5 64.3 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 19.1 17.6 20.6 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.8 2.0 3.5 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 42.4 41.2 43.5 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 43.5 42.1 44.7 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 563,075 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 353,520 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 59,555 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 149,055 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 23,160 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 56,795 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 16,420 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 51,150 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 1,535 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 945 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 563,075 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 152,595 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 195,645 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 87,915 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 80,560 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 46,360 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 1,386,050 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 1,186,960 571,760 615,200 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 679,850 340,020 339,835 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 577,165 288,750 288,420 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 102,685 51,270 51,415 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 507,115 231,745 275,370 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 314,030 169,265 144,765 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 39,355 16,815 22,540 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 75,235 29,560 45,670 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 78,495 16,100 62,390 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 403,805 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 205,605 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 86,630 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 77,960 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 33,610 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 403,805 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 332,835 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 281,515 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 51,320 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 70,970 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 56,515 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 14,455 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 332,835 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 162,560 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 170,280 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 66,295 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 72,260 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 31,730 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 70,970 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 43,050 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 20,340 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 7,580 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 222,355 102,175 120,180 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 563,080 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 381,720 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 153,745 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 227,975 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 10,840 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 170,515 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 152,595 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,920 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 1,394,645 680,740 713,910 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 1,288,005 635,420 652,585 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 925 385 540 1,810 820 985
English and French 89,895 38,470 51,430 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 15,825 6,465 9,360 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 1,394,645 680,735 713,910 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 1,351,300 661,665 689,635 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 23,725 10,820 12,900 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 4,175 1,990 2,180 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 15,450 6,260 9,195 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 25,810 11,820 13,990 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.7 2.0 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 1,394,650 680,735 713,910 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 1,371,235 669,490 701,745 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 1,132,260 555,855 576,405 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 1,107,860 544,725 563,130 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 24,400 11,130 13,270 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 238,980 113,635 125,340 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 205 95 110 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 90 40 50 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 10 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 10 5 10
Malecite 5 5 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 5 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 25 30 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 55 25 35 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 5 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 10 5 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 5 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 80 40 45 15 10 5
Cayuga 35 15 15 0 0 0
Mohawk 50 25 25 10 5 5
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 5 5 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 5 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 238,775 113,540 125,235 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,630 9,555 9,075 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 35 25 10 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 5 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 1,255 585 670 1,505 765 740
Bilen 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 55 30 25 205 115 95
Somali 1,190 550 640 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 17,280 8,925 8,355 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 275 130 145 1,370 670 700
Arabic 13,440 7,010 6,430 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,345 1,155 1,195 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 245 130 120 440 245 200
Harari 10 0 5 20 5 15
Hebrew 245 145 105 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 390 200 190 215 100 115
Tigrigna 185 90 95 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 150 70 80 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 35 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,995 2,765 3,225 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,050 470 580 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 4,940 2,295 2,645 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 9,375 3,545 5,830 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 35 15 20 375 165 215
Cebuano 360 135 225 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 10 5 5 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 90 30 60 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 510 210 290 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 210 70 135 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 80 35 40 700 320 380
Pangasinan 15 5 10 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,965 2,990 4,975 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 20 5 10 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 595 290 300 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 65 30 35 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 365 175 185 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 165 85 75 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 2,310 1,145 1,165 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 95 55 45 280 150 135
Malayalam 1,130 570 565 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 835 395 435 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 245 130 115 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 169,665 81,270 88,400 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 1,650 830 825 1,465 765 705
Armenian 620 300 320 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 47,215 21,605 25,615 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 1,250 515 735 1,070 485 585
Latvian 510 210 305 565 255 300
Lithuanian 740 305 430 505 225 280
Slavic languages 45,965 21,090 24,875 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 25 10 20 95 45 50
Bosnian 1,255 635 620 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 600 280 320 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 6,890 3,360 3,525 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 1,600 725 870 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 760 370 390 325 160 165
Polish 15,655 6,885 8,770 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 3,650 1,570 2,080 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 7,975 3,985 3,990 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 625 295 330 1,395 670 725
Slovak 1,250 545 700 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,150 505 645 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 4,360 1,835 2,525 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 170 95 75 345 175 170
Celtic languages 105 45 55 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 50 20 25 240 130 110
Welsh 40 20 20 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 28,855 13,395 15,455 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 370 175 195 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 515 230 280 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 10,235 4,855 5,385 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 285 150 135 295 145 145
German 16,550 7,595 8,950 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 30 15 20 275 135 145
Norwegian 80 35 45 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 205 80 125 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 510 220 290 445 220 225
Yiddish 60 40 25 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 65 45 25
Greek 3,090 1,590 1,495 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 27,740 14,085 13,655 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 22,070 11,230 10,835 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 1,570 790 775 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 2,820 1,495 1,325 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 2,115 1,140 975 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 20 10 15 65 35 25
Konkani 80 40 40 255 130 125
Marathi 180 95 90 620 325 295
Nepali 290 150 140 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,440 4,210 4,235 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 185 100 85 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 440 220 225 1,675 845 830
Urdu 5,895 2,965 2,930 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 5,525 2,770 2,755 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 1,275 665 610 1,765 945 825
Pashto 415 210 205 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 3,835 1,895 1,940 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 80 65 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 60,390 29,410 30,980 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 25 15 10 160 85 75
Italian 29,625 14,430 15,195 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 11,585 5,745 5,845 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 3,010 1,430 1,580 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 16,090 7,765 8,325 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 105 65 40
Japanese 805 265 540 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 30 10 10 85 50 35
Georgian 25 15 10 85 50 40
Korean 3,725 1,705 2,020 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 2,210 1,020 1,190 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 370 175 190 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 30 15 15 85 50 35
Ewe 40 15 25 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 10 45 25 20
Ga 35 15 20 45 20 25
Ganda 45 25 20 90 45 45
Igbo 95 45 45 245 145 105
Lingala 40 20 25 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 80 35 45 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 90 40 50 155 70 80
Shona 340 145 195 215 100 115
Swahili 450 200 250 805 400 405
Wolof 5 5 5 50 25 25
Yoruba 170 100 75 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 405 180 225 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 160 80 75 340 175 165
Dinka 15 5 5 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 70 70 240 115 125
Sign languages 295 150 145 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 125 55 70 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 170 95 75 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,015 7,535 8,480 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 15,615 7,335 8,285 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 5,070 2,380 2,690 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 70 30 40 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 9,205 4,310 4,900 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 10 0 5 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 355 175 180 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 65 85 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 755 365 385 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 400 205 190 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 100 45 55 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 260 135 120 815 395 425
Tibetan 20 10 10 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 985 435 550 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 650 315 335 1,100 550 550
Thai 335 125 210 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 1,365 720 645 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 70 40 35 530 290 235
Turkish 1,215 645 570 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 15 10 10 170 85 85
Uzbek 20 10 10 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 190 80 110
Uralic languages 6,520 2,970 3,545 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 375 165 210 705 295 410
Finnish 355 145 210 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 5,790 2,665 3,125 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 100 65 40 500 280 225
Multiple responses 23,410 11,250 12,165 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 3,740 1,745 1,995 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 18,415 8,915 9,495 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 735 345 395 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 520 245 280 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 1,394,650 680,735 713,910 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 1,346,190 657,610 688,575 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 1,243,960 609,075 634,885 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 1,236,675 605,825 630,850 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 7,290 3,250 4,040 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 102,230 48,540 53,690 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 50 20 25 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 30 15 20 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 10 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 5 15 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 5 5 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 102,180 48,520 53,665 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,650 5,280 5,375 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 15 10 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 825 375 450 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oromo 35 20 20 90 50 45
Somali 785 360 425 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 9,775 4,875 4,905 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 80 40 45 600 275 320
Arabic 7,725 3,845 3,875 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,480 735 745 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 155 85 75 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 100 50 55 900 465 440
Maltese 45 25 20 15 5 10
Tigrigna 95 50 40 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,770 1,760 2,010 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 550 240 310 800 375 420
Vietnamese 3,220 1,525 1,700 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 3,850 1,695 2,155 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 5 75 30 35
Cebuano 135 65 65 1,305 585 715
Fijian 5 5 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 415 175 240
Ilocano 210 100 110 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 45 25 20 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 5 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,400 1,480 1,915 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 310 150 160
Creole languages 255 110 145 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 45 20 25 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 170 70 100 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 1,095 515 580 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 25 15 15 110 55 60
Malayalam 530 250 280 1,225 615 605
Tamil 405 185 220 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 135 70 65 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 64,765 30,630 34,140 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 835 405 430 695 335 360
Armenian 225 100 125 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 18,590 8,720 9,870 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 280 105 175 210 90 115
Latvian 110 45 70 80 30 50
Lithuanian 170 65 100 125 60 65
Slavic languages 18,310 8,615 9,695 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 5 0 5 15 5 5
Bosnian 705 360 350 595 300 300
Bulgarian 285 135 150 1,035 485 550
Croatian 2,460 1,140 1,320 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 620 290 325 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 275 125 145 150 75 75
Polish 6,085 2,765 3,320 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 2,005 955 1,050 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 4,090 2,025 2,065 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 245 125 120 500 235 265
Slovak 285 130 150 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 275 125 150 145 65 85
Ukrainian 945 420 525 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 40 20 20
Celtic languages 10 5 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 5 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 5 5 5
Germanic languages 4,645 2,255 2,390 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 160 75 80 1,475 715 760
Danish 20 10 10 305 145 160
Dutch 505 240 265 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 15 10 5 10 5 5
German 3,775 1,835 1,940 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 10 5 5 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 25 15 15 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 15 20 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 90 50 45 15 5 5
Greek 1,090 530 560 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 16,280 8,065 8,210 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 13,090 6,530 6,565 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 975 475 495 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 1,650 850 800 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 995 545 450 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 5 10 5 5
Konkani 20 10 10 40 25 25
Marathi 55 25 30 270 140 130
Nepali 240 125 110 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,480 2,695 2,790 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 80 45 35 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 190 90 95 675 330 340
Urdu 3,410 1,665 1,740 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 3,110 1,490 1,620 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 685 340 345 1,080 540 535
Pashto 230 110 120 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 2,195 1,040 1,150 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 75 50 30 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 23,105 10,550 12,550 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 10 5 5 65 35 35
Italian 8,310 3,390 4,925 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 4,400 2,075 2,325 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 1,355 650 710 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 9,025 4,435 4,590 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 5 10
Japanese 305 135 170 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 10 5 10 30 15 10
Georgian 10 0 5 30 15 15
Korean 2,605 1,205 1,400 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 700 305 395 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 110 50 60 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 5 15 10 10
Ewe 10 5 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 10 5 5 5 5 0
Ganda 5 5 5 10 5 5
Igbo 20 10 10 40 20 15
Lingala 25 15 10 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 10 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 10 15 60 25 35
Shona 130 50 80 65 25 40
Swahili 225 100 125 200 90 115
Wolof 5 0 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 35 15 20 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 20 25 140 60 75
Dinka 5 0 5 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 85 30 55
Sign languages 455 245 200 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 140 70 70 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 310 175 130 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 10,755 5,220 5,535 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 10,460 5,070 5,395 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 3,045 1,440 1,605 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 20 10 10 700 295 410
Mandarin 6,680 3,255 3,425 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 70 70 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 40 40 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 485 245 240 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 295 150 145 1,745 885 865
Burmese 70 35 35 720 375 350
Karenic languages 195 105 90 725 355 370
Tibetan 15 10 10 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 535 265 270 1,380 595 785
Lao 360 170 185 460 225 235
Thai 170 90 85 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 690 355 330 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 25 15 10 195 105 95
Turkish 630 320 310 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 5 5 5 95 50 50
Uzbek 15 10 5 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 40 20 25
Uralic languages 1,660 745 910 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 45 20 25 95 40 55
Finnish 45 20 20 725 325 400
Hungarian 1,565 700 865 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 145 70 75
Multiple responses 48,455 23,125 25,330 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 2,440 1,070 1,370 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 44,885 21,535 23,355 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 270 125 140 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 860 390 470 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 1,394,650 680,735 713,910 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 1,255,110 615,265 639,840 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 47,180 22,875 24,300 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 14,720 6,170 8,550 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 75,580 35,455 40,125 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 355 165 190 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 75,230 35,290 39,935 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 350 155 195 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 780 395 385 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 920 405 515 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 1,160,790 561,180 599,615 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,117,555 540,765 576,790 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,544 40,614 28,065 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 1,117,890 540,800 577,090 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,638 36,395 26,040 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 999,005 493,560 505,450 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,298 39,094 24,983 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 821,760 366,470 455,290 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,317 4,876 6,864 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 814,930 421,725 393,200 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,270 38,396 27,559 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 1,160,790 561,150 599,640 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,118,000 540,710 577,290 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,123 53,452 37,321 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 1,118,375 540,765 577,610 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,697 43,659 32,116 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 999,040 493,055 505,990 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,780 52,829 34,961 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 822,115 367,105 455,015 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,161 7,776 8,472 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 814,930 421,310 393,620 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,420 50,298 36,059 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 1,160,795 561,150 599,640 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 386,635 217,120 169,510 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,461 59,539 47,066 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,979 71,472 54,381 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.8 90.2 82.1 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.1 73.5 65.6 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.2 9.8 17.9 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 1,160,795 561,175 599,615 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 43,240 20,410 22,830 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 1,117,555 540,770 576,785 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.4 96.2 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 152,000 64,990 87,010 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 193,835 74,965 118,870 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 163,880 65,535 98,340 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 132,775 61,145 71,625 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 115,485 56,250 59,235 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 88,985 47,510 41,475 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 66,940 38,630 28,315 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 49,080 29,865 19,215 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 38,305 23,735 14,575 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 33,545 19,395 14,145 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 82,725 58,745 23,980 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 56,740 39,170 17,570 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 25,985 19,575 6,415 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 1,160,790 561,175 599,615 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 42,900 20,375 22,530 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 1,117,885 540,800 577,085 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.3 96.4 96.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 157,005 66,060 90,945 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 202,660 78,575 124,085 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 188,935 77,655 111,280 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 158,160 75,010 83,150 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 129,215 67,085 62,125 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 89,145 51,325 37,820 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 61,815 38,180 23,630 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 47,700 28,680 19,025 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 83,255 58,230 25,020 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 29,270 18,810 10,460 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 16,095 11,365 4,730 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 37,880 28,050 9,835 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 1,160,795 561,175 599,615 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 345,860 139,450 206,415 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 814,930 421,725 393,200 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 70.2 75.2 65.6 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 125,125 66,520 58,605 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 66,770 29,075 37,690 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 107,855 46,470 61,385 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 88,700 38,235 50,465 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 81,850 36,370 45,480 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 74,970 35,920 39,050 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 62,090 34,120 27,975 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 47,105 28,265 18,840 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 36,890 23,065 13,815 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 123,575 83,675 39,895 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 30,425 19,065 11,360 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 29,140 16,620 12,520 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 64,010 47,995 16,020 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 563,075 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,482 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,338 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 152,595 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,267 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,222 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 410,485 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,917 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,046 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 563,080 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 89,592 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,874 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 152,500 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,869 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,118 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 410,575 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,575 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,897 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 563,075 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,035 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,475 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 15,265 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 20,560 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 24,930 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 22,280 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 23,940 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 24,825 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 24,525 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 23,730 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 44,995 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 41,085 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 37,435 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 34,110 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,140 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 180,745 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 60,025 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 40,885 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 45,090 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 34,740 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 563,075 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 7,505 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 6,640 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 15,505 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 21,515 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 27,885 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 25,000 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 27,500 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 28,985 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 29,005 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 27,960 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 52,540 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 47,355 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 43,150 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 37,450 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 31,475 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 133,610 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 56,055 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 33,505 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 44,055 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 397,760 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,135 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,148 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 150,105 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,800 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,607 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 171,815 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,295 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,867 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 65,640 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,758 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,002 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 397,775 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,967 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,095 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 150,035 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,113 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,837 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 171,920 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,337 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,920 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 65,590 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,893 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,295 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 194,405 90,895 103,510 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,195 33,692 29,461 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,661 30,504 27,400 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 194,085 90,650 103,440 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,695 43,158 38,537 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,623 36,035 33,385 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 1,386,050 676,825 709,225 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 672,310 317,470 354,835 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 126,130 60,265 65,865 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 133,190 58,730 74,455 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 136,730 63,935 72,795 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 136,295 65,680 70,610 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 139,965 68,860 71,105 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 713,740 359,350 354,395 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 141,390 70,205 71,185 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 145,540 72,710 72,830 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 147,315 74,120 73,195 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 149,935 76,070 73,870 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 129,560 66,250 63,305 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 1,385,310 676,440 708,870 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 273,915 140,650 133,270 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 86,020 44,070 41,945 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 859,740 420,585 439,155 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 251,650 115,205 136,440 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 187,680 85,695 101,985 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 49,200 25,190 24,005 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 16,735 8,515 8,220 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 111,640 51,135 60,505 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 26,840 9,365 17,475 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.5 12.7 14.4 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 18.0 17.9 18.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 19.5 19.3 19.6 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 13.0 12.2 13.8 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 10.7 8.1 12.8 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 119,700 57,110 62,590 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 28,850 14,765 14,080 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 9,875 4,990 4,885 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 80,490 38,665 41,825 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 10,360 3,675 6,685 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.6 8.4 8.8 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 10.5 10.5 10.6 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 11.5 11.3 11.6 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.4 9.2 9.5 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 4.1 3.2 4.9 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 1,386,050 676,825 709,225 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 1,370,670 670,635 700,030 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 1,369,705 670,205 699,505 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 90,350 39,100 51,245 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 295,650 140,900 154,750 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 650 315 335 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 255 125 125 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 40 15 25 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 10 10 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 10 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 10 10 10 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 200 110 95 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 10 20 0 15
Ojibway 190 100 90 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 10 10 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 20 0 15 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 20 0 15 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 385 170 210 30 10 15
Cayuga 115 35 80 0 0 0
Mohawk 290 145 145 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 10 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 15 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 295,020 140,600 154,425 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,025 12,270 11,755 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 55 30 25 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 10 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 1,430 620 810 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 10 0 10 20 10 15
Oromo 100 40 65 245 140 110
Somali 1,320 575 740 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 22,670 11,685 10,980 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 335 175 165 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 18,720 9,680 9,040 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,860 1,435 1,430 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 350 180 165 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 1,000 530 470 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 620 300 315 315 155 155
Tigrigna 200 90 110 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 180 80 95 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 7,025 3,260 3,770 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,335 580 755 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 5,750 2,715 3,035 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 12,125 4,715 7,415 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 55 30 20 530 215 310
Cebuano 445 135 300 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 50 20 25 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 100 40 55 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 705 280 420 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 385 160 230 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 90 35 50 855 365 495
Pangasinan 25 10 10 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 11,385 4,425 6,965 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 20 10 10 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 30 55 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 1,330 650 680 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 140 55 85 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 550 260 295 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 635 335 300 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 3,045 1,500 1,545 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 180 90 85 510 250 265
Malayalam 1,505 745 760 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 1,255 620 635 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 330 170 160 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 212,030 101,625 110,405 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 2,070 1,010 1,055 1,640 840 795
Armenian 775 385 390 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 54,915 25,665 29,255 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 1,520 655 865 1,030 515 520
Latvian 655 290 365 555 290 265
Lithuanian 865 365 500 475 220 250
Slavic languages 53,540 25,090 28,455 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 55 15 35 245 115 125
Bosnian 1,905 970 940 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 525 260 260 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 10,125 4,990 5,130 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 2,125 995 1,130 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 1,165 555 615 400 220 185
Polish 18,550 8,240 10,315 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 5,575 2,640 2,935 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 9,490 4,840 4,650 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 655 335 320 1,525 770 750
Slovak 1,360 650 715 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 1,290 575 720 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 5,515 2,290 3,225 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 305 165 135 420 215 205
Celtic languages 385 175 205 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 170 85 90 660 395 265
Welsh 70 30 35 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 145 60 85 860 450 410
Germanic languages 36,090 16,740 19,345 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 910 420 490 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 625 260 365 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 11,880 5,745 6,135 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 405 215 190 465 230 240
German 21,800 10,015 11,785 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 30 10 20 405 210 195
Norwegian 180 65 110 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 475 200 275 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 520 215 310 545 270 275
Yiddish 75 30 45 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 490 270 220 155 95 60
Greek 4,285 2,250 2,025 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 34,970 17,645 17,330 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 28,695 14,465 14,230 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 2,080 1,035 1,050 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 3,640 1,880 1,760 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 8,965 4,600 4,365 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 30 15 20 60 30 25
Konkani 100 35 65 415 215 200
Marathi 325 185 140 1,475 780 695
Nepali 280 155 120 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 30 10 20 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 12,055 6,140 5,915 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 360 155 205 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 595 300 290 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 8,850 4,430 4,425 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 6,520 3,295 3,230 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 1,945 1,010 935 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 445 245 195 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 4,410 2,200 2,215 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 235 130 105 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 83,340 40,120 43,220 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 45 30 15 395 210 180
Italian 40,140 19,360 20,780 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 14,985 7,430 7,555 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 3,675 1,740 1,935 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 27,025 12,755 14,270 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 170 110 65 380 245 140
Japanese 1,480 690 795 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 20 15 10 115 55 60
Georgian 20 15 10 115 55 55
Korean 4,315 1,935 2,380 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 4,315 2,045 2,260 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 695 325 370 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 30 10 25 145 80 60
Ewe 65 30 35 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 10 20 105 30 70
Ga 80 30 50 150 95 50
Ganda 60 30 35 165 80 85
Igbo 260 170 90 425 240 185
Lingala 425 210 215 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 110 40 70 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 215 100 120 290 125 165
Shona 580 260 320 415 220 195
Swahili 1,135 520 615 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 40 20 20 50 25 30
Yoruba 395 205 200 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 765 360 410 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 290 145 140 405 210 200
Dinka 25 15 10 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 260 130 130 325 155 165
Sign languages 2,065 920 1,150 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 1,015 385 625 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 1,065 530 535 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 18,240 8,790 9,455 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 17,785 8,550 9,235 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 6,420 2,985 3,430 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 95 40 55 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 11,730 5,640 6,090 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 20 10 10 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 550 250 300 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 250 120 130 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 870 415 455 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 455 240 215 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 85 50 35 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 360 185 180 955 485 465
Tibetan 20 0 25 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 1,535 685 850 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 990 450 535 1,630 735 890
Thai 725 305 420 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 1,815 935 880 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 125 70 60 945 510 435
Turkish 1,565 795 770 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 70 35 35 115 60 55
Uzbek 40 15 20 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 275 140 130
Uralic languages 7,470 3,435 4,035 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 455 215 240 780 350 425
Finnish 475 180 295 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 6,545 3,045 3,505 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 340 190 150 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 1,386,045 676,825 709,225 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 1,323,085 647,345 675,745 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 266,160 136,855 129,305 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 1,056,925 510,485 546,440 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 62,965 29,480 33,480 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 1,386,050 676,820 709,225 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 1,100,800 541,570 559,230 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 272,710 128,700 144,010 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 121,475 57,355 64,120 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 32,825 15,835 16,990 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 43,375 20,395 22,980 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 51,040 23,725 27,320 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 25,250 11,700 13,550 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 25,790 12,020 13,770 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 23,985 11,385 12,600 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,540 6,555 5,985 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 272,710 128,700 144,010 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 33,490 16,505 16,990 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 56,960 28,740 28,215 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 66,125 29,470 36,655 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 98,705 46,000 52,705 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 17,425 7,985 9,445 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 272,710 128,700 144,010 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 41,485 18,480 23,010 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 880 345 535 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 3,465 1,625 1,840 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 2,360 1,115 1,250 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 1,990 865 1,125 1,305 600 710
Haiti 420 190 225 570 250 315
Jamaica 5,035 2,470 2,565 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 3,260 1,555 1,710 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 560 245 315 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 2,680 1,210 1,470 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 12,945 5,110 7,835 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 7,895 3,760 4,135 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 142,650 68,340 74,310 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,640 1,820 1,815 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 7,090 3,585 3,510 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 995 485 515 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 8,145 3,640 4,505 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 2,210 1,230 980 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 3,345 1,595 1,745 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 1,710 795 915 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 20,910 10,425 10,490 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 9,870 5,095 4,775 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 12,155 5,365 6,795 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 8,465 4,300 4,160 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 3,375 1,565 1,815 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 1,735 715 1,015 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 2,960 1,405 1,555 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 2,205 945 1,260 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 41,830 19,690 22,140 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 11,995 5,685 6,315 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 13,575 6,690 6,885 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 205 95 105 485 310 175
Egypt 1,975 1,055 925 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 450 210 250 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 920 420 500 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 270 160 110 985 535 455
Nigeria 700 345 355 1,740 925 815
Somalia 750 315 435 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 1,725 800 925 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 6,575 3,285 3,290 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 73,865 34,575 39,290 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 1,305 620 685 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 1,275 645 630 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 8,325 3,685 4,645 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,240 570 670 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 13,505 6,560 6,940 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,250 1,150 1,100 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 5,725 2,865 2,850 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 515 170 340 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,790 1,265 1,525 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 1,570 770 800 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 5,730 2,870 2,860 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 11,270 4,475 6,800 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 1,130 565 565 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,300 1,180 1,120 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 470 200 270 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 4,460 2,025 2,435 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 9,985 4,950 5,035 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,140 615 525 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 23,985 11,385 12,600 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 4,580 2,320 2,255 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 130 50 80 1,145 525 615
Colombia 575 270 305 580 250 325
Cuba 245 130 115 140 60 80
Haiti 140 60 80 35 35 10
Jamaica 590 355 230 625 355 265
Mexico 525 265 260 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,270 645 620 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 175 85 95 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 925 460 470 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 3,655 1,795 1,865 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 95 50 45 970 510 460
Germany 155 75 80 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 130 80 50 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 0 15 245 120 125
Romania 265 115