Census Profile, 2016 Census
London [Economic region], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic London
Ontario
[Economic region]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , London [Economic region], Ontario  Map : London [Economic region], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 655,366 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 632,331 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.6 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 285,312 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 269,306 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 90.5 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 7,237.91 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 655,365 319,715 335,650 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 111,255 56,920 54,335 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 35,760 18,345 17,415 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 38,245 19,585 18,660 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 37,250 18,990 18,265 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 430,540 212,230 218,305 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 39,605 20,195 19,405 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 45,680 23,245 22,435 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 42,645 21,300 21,345 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 41,340 20,365 20,975 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 39,470 19,350 20,115 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 39,845 19,505 20,345 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 42,400 20,815 21,580 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 49,885 24,350 25,535 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 48,030 23,170 24,855 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 41,630 19,925 21,700 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 113,570 50,560 63,015 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 36,955 17,440 19,515 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 26,935 12,630 14,310 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 19,780 9,090 10,685 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 14,465 6,105 8,360 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 15,440 5,295 10,140 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 9,450 3,605 5,845 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 4,725 1,400 3,325 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 1,115 270 845 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 145 25 130 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.0 17.8 16.2 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 65.7 66.4 65.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 17.3 15.8 18.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.0 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.9 39.8 41.9 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 41.0 39.6 42.2 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 269,305 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 163,430 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 36,690 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 68,145 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 10,550 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 24,690 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,075 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 26,370 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,040 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 269,310 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 77,720 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 95,400 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 39,815 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 35,645 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 20,730 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 645,295 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 544,110 262,795 281,315 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 312,025 155,830 156,195 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 261,530 130,620 130,910 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 50,495 25,210 25,285 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 232,085 106,965 125,120 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 148,495 79,500 68,995 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 17,690 7,630 10,065 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 33,820 13,305 20,520 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 32,075 6,530 25,545 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 183,860 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 95,070 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 38,030 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 33,975 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 16,785 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 183,855 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 153,215 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 127,975 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 25,240 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 30,640 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 24,355 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 6,290 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 153,215 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 76,465 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 76,750 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 29,260 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 31,550 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 15,945 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 30,645 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 18,605 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 8,770 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 3,265 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 113,435 53,200 60,230 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 269,305 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 176,975 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 73,880 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 103,090 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,395 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 88,935 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 77,720 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 11,220 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 647,955 316,780 331,175 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 601,315 297,105 304,215 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 265 125 140 1,110 530 580
English and French 38,930 16,430 22,500 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 7,445 3,125 4,320 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 647,955 316,780 331,175 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 631,520 309,515 322,005 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 6,970 3,200 3,765 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,210 1,035 1,175 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 7,255 3,030 4,230 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 8,070 3,720 4,350 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 647,955 316,785 331,175 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 638,355 312,105 326,250 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 533,180 261,450 271,730 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 525,945 258,145 267,800 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 7,230 3,305 3,925 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 105,170 50,650 54,520 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 155 55 100 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 75 20 50 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 10 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 20 35 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 50 20 35 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 5 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 60 20 40 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 5 0 0
Oneida 50 15 30 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 105,020 50,595 54,425 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 13,350 6,820 6,525 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 15 10 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 10 5 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 265 120 135 1,355 675 680
Bilen 5 5 0 5 0 0
Oromo 15 5 10 165 95 75
Somali 240 110 125 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 13,055 6,680 6,380 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 260 130 130 1,140 560 585
Arabic 10,815 5,540 5,275 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,050 525 520 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 210 100 105 440 240 195
Harari 0 5 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 145 80 60 1,770 960 805
Maltese 260 135 125 80 40 40
Tigrigna 260 130 130 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,950 1,355 1,600 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 950 445 510 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 2,000 915 1,090 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 2,175 815 1,365 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 0 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 95 25 70 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 25 5 15 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 180 85 100 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 150 70 80 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 10 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,670 610 1,060 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 830 360 470
Creole languages 95 45 50 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 35 20 15 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,430 750 680 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 60 30 25 225 115 110
Malayalam 880 450 435 1,750 905 845
Tamil 340 175 160 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 150 95 55 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 68,620 33,135 35,490 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 1,110 570 535 1,090 560 530
Armenian 105 50 55 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 13,825 6,440 7,390 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 325 135 190 645 280 370
Latvian 100 45 55 320 145 175
Lithuanian 230 95 135 325 130 200
Slavic languages 13,500 6,305 7,200 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 15 5 10 60 30 30
Bosnian 670 335 335 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 80 35 45 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,115 545 565 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 440 205 235 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 100 40 55 250 120 135
Polish 6,495 2,975 3,525 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 1,460 665 795 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 910 465 440 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 345 165 180 1,145 545 600
Slovak 410 195 215 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 270 115 155 545 250 290
Ukrainian 1,135 530 610 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 30 180 90 90
Celtic languages 50 20 35 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 15 125 65 60
Welsh 25 10 15 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 21,380 10,215 11,165 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 95 45 50 1,435 730 705
Danish 255 125 125 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 7,375 3,545 3,830 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 160 80 85 80 30 50
German 12,765 6,065 6,695 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 10 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 35 15 20 835 410 430
Swedish 80 45 40 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 550 250 300 200 105 95
Yiddish 30 15 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 25 20 15
Greek 1,960 975 985 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 9,270 4,790 4,475 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 6,100 3,180 2,915 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 465 235 230 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 840 440 395 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 870 475 400 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 25 10 15 225 110 110
Marathi 90 45 40 535 280 255
Nepali 725 360 365 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 10 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,260 670 585 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 70 35 35 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 135 65 70 1,455 730 725
Urdu 1,605 835 775 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 3,140 1,595 1,540 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 995 525 465 1,650 875 780
Pashto 185 90 95 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 1,960 980 975 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 20,925 10,075 10,850 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 15 10 10 125 65 55
Italian 3,700 1,855 1,845 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 6,765 3,245 3,515 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 970 455 520 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 9,455 4,505 4,950 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 60 40 25
Japanese 305 125 185 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 5 0 5 65 40 25
Korean 2,950 1,370 1,585 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 710 350 365 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 75 35 40 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 15 5 10 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 20 5 10 35 15 15
Ganda 20 10 15 65 35 30
Igbo 50 25 25 160 90 65
Lingala 20 10 10 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 20 20 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20 105 45 55
Shona 40 20 25 150 70 85
Swahili 140 65 75 585 285 295
Wolof 10 5 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 75 40 30 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165 75 90 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 195 85 110 265 135 135
Dinka 110 50 60 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 190 85 100
Sign languages 225 130 100 620 330 295
American Sign Language 135 75 55 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 95 50 50 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,095 4,245 4,850 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 8,830 4,110 4,720 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 2,105 1,000 1,110 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 30 20 10 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 5,985 2,755 3,230 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 5 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 130 55 75 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 40 60 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 470 245 230 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 265 130 130 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 30 20 15 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 210 105 105 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 260 115 150 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 170 85 85 800 405 400
Thai 90 30 65 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 475 260 215 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 495 275 225
Turkish 360 200 165 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 25 15 10 165 80 85
Uzbek 10 5 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 165 70 95
Uralic languages 2,095 975 1,115 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 60 20 35 455 195 260
Finnish 130 55 80 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,900 900 1,000 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 365 200 170
Multiple responses 9,605 4,680 4,925 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 1,415 630 790 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 7,660 3,800 3,865 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 270 135 130 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 260 115 140 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 647,955 316,780 331,175 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 627,620 306,940 320,675 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 579,760 284,055 295,705 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 577,740 283,120 294,620 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 2,020 935 1,090 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 47,860 22,890 24,975 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 35 15 25 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 10 0 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 15 5 15 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 47,820 22,875 24,950 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,465 3,675 3,790 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 5 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 5 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 120 50 70 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 120 50 70 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 7,325 3,620 3,710 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 115 60 60 535 250 290
Arabic 6,225 3,070 3,155 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 660 325 335 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 60 60 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 55 35 25 785 400 385
Maltese 20 10 15 5 5 0
Tigrigna 105 55 50 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,795 825 970 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 530 240 290 620 290 330
Vietnamese 1,265 585 680 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 815 360 455 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 20 5 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 60 35 35 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 45 20 25 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 680 295 385 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 20 10 10 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 745 395 350 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 20 15 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 515 270 245 885 450 435
Tamil 150 80 70 1,935 965 965
Telugu 65 35 25 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 27,130 12,980 14,150 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 500 245 255 530 255 270
Armenian 40 15 20 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 5,605 2,685 2,915 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 60 25 35 160 75 90
Latvian 10 5 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 50 15 30 90 45 50
Slavic languages 5,545 2,665 2,885 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 10 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 325 160 165 540 270 270
Bulgarian 40 20 20 925 425 495
Croatian 385 190 200 1,795 840 955
Czech 115 60 60 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 30 15 20 120 60 60
Polish 2,850 1,350 1,505 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 750 370 380 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 420 220 200 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 135 65 75 435 205 235
Slovak 100 45 55 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 30 60 25 35
Ukrainian 310 140 165 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 10 5 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 5,460 2,655 2,805 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 30 15 15 520 250 265
Danish 15 10 10 180 90 90
Dutch 745 370 375 685 325 365
Frisian 15 10 10 5 5 0
German 4,400 2,135 2,260 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 5 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 10 5 5 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 20 25 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 195 95 100 5 5 0
Greek 755 355 405 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 5,395 2,690 2,705 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 3,455 1,730 1,720 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 260 135 130 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 430 210 215 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 435 230 205 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 10 5 5 40 15 15
Marathi 45 25 20 245 125 120
Nepali 660 325 340 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 640 335 310 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 15 5 10 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 35 35 595 290 305
Urdu 880 435 445 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 1,930 950 980 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 605 305 300 1,025 515 505
Pashto 110 55 60 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 1,210 595 615 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 9,375 4,325 5,045 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 5 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 880 385 495 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 2,550 1,150 1,400 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 375 185 195 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 5,560 2,605 2,955 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 145 70 70 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 2,205 1,010 1,190 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 185 70 110 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 5 0 5 5 5
Igbo 15 5 10 35 20 15
Lingala 10 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 10 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 10 5 0 40 15 20
Swahili 55 20 35 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 15 10 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 35 35 105 50 55
Dinka 35 15 15 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 60 20 40
Sign languages 290 170 120 830 460 370
American Sign Language 135 80 55 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 155 95 60 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,115 2,855 3,260 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 5,940 2,770 3,170 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,200 555 650 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 10 5 5 670 280 390
Mandarin 4,330 2,005 2,325 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 20 35 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 305 160 140 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 175 90 85 1,630 820 810
Burmese 15 10 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 150 75 70 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 90 45 45 1,015 435 580
Lao 55 30 30 335 160 175
Thai 35 15 20 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 235 120 115 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 170 85 90 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 20 10 10 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 40 15 25
Uralic languages 520 235 280 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 10 5 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 500 230 275 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 20,335 9,835 10,500 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 895 390 500 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 18,915 9,210 9,705 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 95 40 60 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 430 200 235 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 647,955 316,780 331,175 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 585,420 286,945 298,475 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 21,285 10,355 10,925 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 6,315 2,605 3,715 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 33,880 16,370 17,510 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 230 90 145 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 33,650 16,290 17,365 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 210 95 115 965 435 530
English and non-official language 320 170 145 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 510 230 280 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 5 10 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 534,255 258,910 275,350 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 513,250 248,845 264,410 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,876 39,928 29,060 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 513,360 248,855 264,505 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,860 35,720 26,846 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 458,070 226,425 231,645 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,269 39,150 26,315 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 375,555 167,995 207,555 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,692 3,581 6,698 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 377,565 194,625 182,945 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,948 38,406 28,392 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 534,255 258,915 275,340 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 512,950 248,575 264,370 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,741 50,422 37,459 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 513,055 248,580 264,475 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,822 41,632 32,301 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 457,995 226,325 231,670 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,549 50,013 35,258 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 375,635 168,420 207,220 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,851 7,211 8,372 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 377,570 194,285 183,285 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,691 47,455 35,581 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 534,255 258,915 275,345 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 185,925 104,190 81,740 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,138 55,577 46,662 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,616 64,789 53,022 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.9 90.4 82.4 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.3 73.9 65.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.1 9.6 17.6 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 534,260 258,910 275,350 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 21,005 10,065 10,940 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 513,250 248,840 264,410 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.1 96.0 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 71,585 31,660 39,930 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 88,140 35,275 52,860 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 72,920 30,195 42,725 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 60,815 27,505 33,310 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 56,945 27,745 29,200 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 43,245 23,135 20,115 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 32,080 18,570 13,505 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 22,400 13,210 9,185 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 16,610 9,915 6,695 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 15,560 8,705 6,865 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 32,960 22,930 10,030 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 23,175 15,785 7,385 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 9,785 7,145 2,640 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 534,260 258,910 275,350 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 20,900 10,055 10,845 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 513,360 248,855 264,505 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.1 96.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 73,685 32,180 41,505 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 92,290 37,090 55,200 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 84,475 35,640 48,835 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 74,680 35,150 39,530 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 63,215 32,680 30,535 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 42,375 24,250 18,125 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 27,605 16,520 11,080 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 21,725 12,545 9,180 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 33,310 22,805 10,505 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 11,960 7,665 4,295 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 6,775 4,640 2,130 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 14,575 10,495 4,080 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 534,255 258,905 275,350 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 156,690 64,280 92,405 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 377,570 194,625 182,945 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 70.7 75.2 66.4 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 55,415 27,825 27,585 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 31,385 13,760 17,630 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 49,760 22,275 27,490 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 40,560 18,395 22,160 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 39,570 18,035 21,530 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 39,200 19,455 19,750 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 30,990 17,350 13,640 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 22,975 13,715 9,260 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 16,590 10,105 6,485 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 51,125 33,705 17,420 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 13,405 8,030 5,380 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 13,155 7,485 5,675 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 24,565 18,200 6,365 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 269,305 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,279 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,859 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 77,720 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,420 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,208 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 191,590 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,585 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,658 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 269,305 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,313 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,150 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 77,715 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,361 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,699 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 191,595 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,519 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,718 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 269,305 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,620 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,315 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,960 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,400 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,310 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,015 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,910 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,215 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,300 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,100 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 22,475 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 20,270 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,455 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 16,355 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 14,955 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 77,650 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 27,985 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,030 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 18,570 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 13,070 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 269,305 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,875 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,385 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,080 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,915 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,825 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,420 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,890 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,565 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,630 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,080 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 25,705 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 23,015 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 20,880 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 17,805 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 14,435 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 55,800 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,200 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,955 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 16,645 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 182,920 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,639 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,416 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 72,420 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,028 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,761 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 77,365 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,375 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,500 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 28,760 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,504 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,296 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 182,990 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,698 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,565 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 72,445 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,169 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,968 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 77,460 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,189 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,410 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 28,740 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,314 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,426 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 102,015 48,395 53,620 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,202 31,340 29,347 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,780 28,547 27,257 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 101,715 48,700 53,020 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,425 41,243 37,755 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,597 34,547 32,725 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 645,295 315,720 329,575 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 334,870 159,855 175,015 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 70,645 34,200 36,445 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 66,090 29,770 36,320 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 66,500 31,605 34,900 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 65,950 31,960 33,995 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 65,680 32,325 33,355 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 310,425 155,865 154,560 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 66,600 33,055 33,545 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 65,605 32,725 32,885 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 65,395 32,970 32,430 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 61,930 31,215 30,715 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 50,890 25,900 24,985 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 645,140 315,645 329,500 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 133,830 68,430 65,400 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 43,020 22,070 20,950 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 404,835 198,800 206,035 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 106,475 48,415 58,060 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 101,390 47,205 54,185 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 27,170 13,890 13,285 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 9,635 4,935 4,700 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 61,790 28,905 32,885 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 12,430 4,415 8,020 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.7 15.0 16.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 20.3 20.3 20.3 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 22.4 22.4 22.4 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 14.5 16.0 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.7 9.1 13.8 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 55,565 27,355 28,205 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 12,875 6,585 6,280 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 4,685 2,405 2,280 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 40,435 19,815 20,625 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 2,255 955 1,300 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.6 8.7 8.6 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.6 9.6 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 10.9 10.9 10.9 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.0 10.0 10.0 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.1 2.0 2.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 645,295 315,725 329,575 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 637,875 312,730 325,145 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 637,540 312,570 324,970 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 39,075 16,355 22,710 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 129,520 62,535 66,985 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 380 120 255 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 195 70 125 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 20 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 155 50 105 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 150 50 105 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 10 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 160 50 105 0 10 10
Cayuga 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 130 40 90 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 15 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 15 0 15 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 129,150 62,410 66,740 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,230 8,875 8,360 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 15 10 10 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 420 185 240 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 20 10 10 190 110 80
Somali 400 175 225 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 16,785 8,675 8,105 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 410 210 200 1,755 905 855
Arabic 14,640 7,595 7,045 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,385 690 695 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 255 135 115 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 335 185 145 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 315 150 160 165 90 80
Tigrigna 420 200 215 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,985 1,880 2,110 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,305 640 665 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 2,695 1,250 1,440 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,970 1,140 1,825 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 25 0 15 495 205 285
Cebuano 140 35 105 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 35 10 20 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 245 95 155 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 205 105 105 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,615 970 1,650 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 235 125 115 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 30 15 15 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 90 40 45 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 1,860 915 940 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 160 80 80 445 210 235
Malayalam 1,060 505 555 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 575 305 275 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 210 110 95 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 85,910 41,410 44,500 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,210 610 600 1,135 580 555
Armenian 165 65 105 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 16,200 7,930 8,270 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 350 170 180 635 310 325
Latvian 145 75 70 310 175 140
Lithuanian 205 95 110 325 135 185
Slavic languages 15,875 7,765 8,110 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 75 35 40 205 95 110
Bosnian 990 540 445 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 95 40 60 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 1,610 825 790 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 550 280 270 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 180 85 100 345 180 160
Polish 7,605 3,665 3,940 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 2,480 1,180 1,300 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 1,475 755 720 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 470 215 255 1,240 595 645
Slovak 520 265 260 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 315 145 170 725 330 400
Ukrainian 1,290 580 705 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 250 120 125
Celtic languages 165 70 90 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 70 20 40 350 225 120
Welsh 45 20 30 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 50 35 15 685 370 320
Germanic languages 25,310 12,035 13,285 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 225 110 110 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 340 155 180 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 8,690 4,015 4,670 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 195 100 95 120 55 65
German 15,060 7,230 7,825 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 10 10 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 85 50 40 1,405 730 680
Swedish 225 110 115 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 610 330 285 220 125 100
Yiddish 25 25 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,020 535 490 75 40 30
Greek 2,980 1,550 1,425 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 11,780 5,900 5,880 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 8,475 4,290 4,180 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 545 260 280 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,065 570 490 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 3,250 1,725 1,530 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 15 10 0 375 185 190
Marathi 115 55 55 1,275 650 625
Nepali 855 425 430 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,195 1,170 1,020 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 125 55 70 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 165 65 100 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 2,655 1,315 1,340 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 3,415 1,670 1,750 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 1,035 535 500 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 280 145 135 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 2,270 1,070 1,200 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 40 30 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 30,460 14,570 15,890 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 20 0 10 245 125 120
Italian 5,700 2,820 2,875 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 8,750 4,285 4,465 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,255 605 655 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 15,660 7,270 8,395 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 55 35 25 220 130 85
Japanese 890 435 460 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 10 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 3,265 1,575 1,690 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,365 735 625 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 170 80 95 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 10 0 10 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 45 10 35
Ga 20 0 20 95 60 35
Ganda 35 20 15 105 60 45
Igbo 100 55 45 240 140 95
Lingala 90 55 40 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 30 15 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 25 35 210 95 115
Shona 65 35 30 265 125 140
Swahili 360 180 180 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 260 155 105 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 350 185 165 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 220 115 105 300 150 150
Dinka 35 20 15 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,285 525 760 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 660 240 425 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 645 300 350 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,550 4,565 4,980 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 9,290 4,430 4,860 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 2,555 1,195 1,355 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 45 20 25 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 6,940 3,265 3,675 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 15 10 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 160 60 105 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 180 70 110 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 460 245 215 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 260 135 120 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 60 40 25 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 155 80 70 905 455 450
Tibetan 10 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 300 130 175 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 220 100 115 1,125 505 620
Thai 125 45 85 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 730 405 325 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 110 60 50 835 455 385
Turkish 560 310 250 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 55 35 20 105 50 55
Uzbek 15 0 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,485 1,195 1,295 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 60 35 25 495 205 295
Finnish 145 75 65 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 2,285 1,075 1,210 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 645,295 315,725 329,575 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 613,415 300,210 313,210 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 129,270 65,995 63,275 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 484,150 234,215 249,930 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 31,880 15,515 16,370 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 645,295 315,720 329,575 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 524,515 257,330 267,190 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 112,105 53,875 58,225 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 42,750 20,385 22,365 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 15,695 7,625 8,070 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 18,165 8,870 9,290 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 22,535 10,730 11,810 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 10,675 5,065 5,615 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 11,860 5,665 6,195 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 12,960 6,270 6,690 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 8,680 4,515 4,160 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 112,100 53,880 58,225 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 14,855 7,500 7,360 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 24,985 12,765 12,220 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 24,955 11,275 13,675 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 40,255 18,995 21,260 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 7,050 3,350 3,705 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 112,100 53,875 58,225 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 21,700 10,140 11,560 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 380 195 180 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 3,530 1,590 1,940 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 1,680 795 885 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 590 270 320 920 415 500
Haiti 120 55 60 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,415 745 665 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 4,585 2,225 2,365 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 170 70 100 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 720 345 375 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,365 2,290 3,070 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 3,150 1,565 1,585 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 51,255 24,825 26,425 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,270 665 600 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 1,065 540 520 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 340 165 180 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 3,260 1,590 1,665 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,265 655 610 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 1,255 615 640 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 730 400 325 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 2,720 1,435 1,285 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 6,720 3,300 3,420 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 5,185 2,375 2,815 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 5,190 2,605 2,585 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 1,270 610 660 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 595 265 330 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 615 305 305 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 720 285 430 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 14,015 6,505 7,510 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 5,045 2,505 2,540 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 5,655 2,850 2,800 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 90 50 40 430 270 150
Egypt 1,110 585 530 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 325 155 170 1,665 835 825
Kenya 280 130 155 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 40 20 25 730 385 340
Nigeria 375 195 180 1,205 630 575
Somalia 225 110 120 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 575 315 260 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 2,625 1,295 1,330 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 33,080 15,800 17,275 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 615 300 310 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 345 170 175 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,990 1,745 2,245 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 715 345 370 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 3,775 1,905 1,870 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,175 565 615 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 2,775 1,405 1,370 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 230 70 165 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,220 1,050 1,165 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 1,820 955 865 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,660 845 815 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,610 945 1,665 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 270 125 145 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,140 1,050 1,090 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 180 75 105 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,935 865 1,070 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 6,625 3,390 3,235 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 415 255 165 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 12,960 6,270 6,690 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 2,640 1,215 1,425 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 45 20 20 960 445 520
Colombia 635 240 390 465 220 240
Cuba 80 30 45 70 35 30
Haiti 50 25 25 15 0 10
Jamaica 185 120 65 160 115 45
Mexico 465 245 220 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 640 295 350 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 85 40 45 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 450 200 250 1,855 875 975
Europe 1,095 585 505 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 35 15 15 790 415 370
Germany 65 35 30 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 25 15 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 45 20