Census Profile, 2016 Census
London [Economic region], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic London
Ontario
[Economic region]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , London [Economic region], Ontario  Map : London [Economic region], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 655,366 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 632,331 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.6 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 285,312 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 269,306 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 90.5 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 7,237.91 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 655,365 319,715 335,650 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 111,255 56,920 54,335 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 35,760 18,345 17,415 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 38,245 19,585 18,660 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 37,250 18,990 18,265 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 430,540 212,230 218,305 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 39,605 20,195 19,405 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 45,680 23,245 22,435 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 42,645 21,300 21,345 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 41,340 20,365 20,975 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 39,470 19,350 20,115 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 39,845 19,505 20,345 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 42,400 20,815 21,580 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 49,885 24,350 25,535 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 48,030 23,170 24,855 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 41,630 19,925 21,700 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 113,570 50,560 63,015 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 36,955 17,440 19,515 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 26,935 12,630 14,310 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 19,780 9,090 10,685 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 14,465 6,105 8,360 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 15,440 5,295 10,140 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 9,450 3,605 5,845 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 4,725 1,400 3,325 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 1,115 270 845 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 145 25 130 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.0 17.8 16.2 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 65.7 66.4 65.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 17.3 15.8 18.8 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.0 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.9 39.8 41.9 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 41.0 39.6 42.2 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 269,305 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 163,430 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 36,690 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 68,145 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 10,550 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 24,690 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,075 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 26,370 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 465 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,040 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 269,310 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 77,720 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 95,400 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 39,815 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 35,645 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 20,730 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 645,295 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 544,110 262,795 281,315 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 312,025 155,830 156,195 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 261,530 130,620 130,910 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 50,495 25,210 25,285 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 232,085 106,965 125,120 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 148,495 79,500 68,995 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 17,690 7,630 10,065 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 33,820 13,305 20,520 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 32,075 6,530 25,545 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 183,860 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 95,070 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 38,030 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 33,975 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 16,785 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 183,855 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 153,215 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 127,975 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 25,240 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 30,640 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 24,355 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 6,290 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 153,215 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 76,465 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 76,750 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 29,260 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 31,550 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 15,945 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 30,645 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 18,605 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 8,770 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 3,265 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 113,435 53,200 60,230 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 269,305 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 176,975 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 73,880 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 103,090 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,395 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 88,935 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 77,720 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 11,220 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 647,955 316,780 331,175 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 601,315 297,105 304,215 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 265 125 140 1,810 820 985
English and French 38,930 16,430 22,500 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 7,445 3,125 4,320 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 647,955 316,780 331,175 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 631,520 309,515 322,005 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 6,970 3,200 3,765 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 2,210 1,035 1,175 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 7,255 3,030 4,230 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 8,070 3,720 4,350 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 647,955 316,785 331,175 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 638,355 312,105 326,250 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 533,180 261,450 271,730 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 525,945 258,145 267,800 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 7,230 3,305 3,925 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 105,170 50,650 54,520 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 155 55 100 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 75 20 50 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 10 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 5 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 5 0 5 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 5 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 60 20 35 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 50 20 35 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 5 0 5 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 5 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 0 5 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 60 20 40 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 10 5 5
Oneida 50 15 30 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 10 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 105,020 50,595 54,425 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 13,350 6,820 6,525 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 15 10 5 115 75 45
Kabyle 10 5 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 265 120 135 1,505 765 740
Bilen 5 5 0 5 0 0
Oromo 15 5 10 205 115 95
Somali 240 110 125 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 13,055 6,680 6,380 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 260 130 130 1,370 670 700
Arabic 10,815 5,540 5,275 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,050 525 520 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 210 100 105 440 245 200
Harari 0 5 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 145 80 60 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 260 135 125 215 100 115
Tigrigna 260 130 130 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,950 1,355 1,600 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 950 445 510 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 2,000 915 1,090 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 2,175 815 1,365 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 0 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 95 25 70 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 25 5 15 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 180 85 100 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 150 70 80 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 10 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,670 610 1,060 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 95 45 50 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 35 20 15 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 60 20 35 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 1,430 750 680 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 60 30 25 280 150 135
Malayalam 880 450 435 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 340 175 160 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 150 95 55 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 68,620 33,135 35,490 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 1,110 570 535 1,465 765 705
Armenian 105 50 55 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 13,825 6,440 7,390 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 325 135 190 1,070 485 585
Latvian 100 45 55 565 255 300
Lithuanian 230 95 135 505 225 280
Slavic languages 13,500 6,305 7,200 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 15 5 10 95 45 50
Bosnian 670 335 335 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 80 35 45 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 1,115 545 565 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 440 205 235 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 100 40 55 325 160 165
Polish 6,495 2,975 3,525 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,460 665 795 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 910 465 440 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 345 165 180 1,395 670 725
Slovak 410 195 215 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 270 115 155 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 1,135 530 610 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 20 30 345 175 170
Celtic languages 50 20 35 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 15 5 15 240 130 110
Welsh 25 10 15 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 21,380 10,215 11,165 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 95 45 50 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 255 125 125 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 7,375 3,545 3,830 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 160 80 85 295 145 145
German 12,765 6,065 6,695 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 10 0 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 35 15 20 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 80 45 40 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 550 250 300 445 220 225
Yiddish 30 15 10 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 65 45 25
Greek 1,960 975 985 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 9,270 4,790 4,475 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 6,100 3,180 2,915 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 465 235 230 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 840 440 395 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 870 475 400 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 25 10 15 255 130 125
Marathi 90 45 40 620 325 295
Nepali 725 360 365 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 10 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,260 670 585 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 70 35 35 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 135 65 70 1,675 845 830
Urdu 1,605 835 775 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 3,140 1,595 1,540 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 995 525 465 1,765 945 825
Pashto 185 90 95 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 1,960 980 975 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 20,925 10,075 10,850 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 15 10 10 160 85 75
Italian 3,700 1,855 1,845 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 6,765 3,245 3,515 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 970 455 520 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 9,455 4,505 4,950 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 105 65 40
Japanese 305 125 185 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 5 0 5 85 50 40
Korean 2,950 1,370 1,585 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 710 350 365 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 75 35 40 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 15 5 10 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 20 5 10 45 20 25
Ganda 20 10 15 90 45 45
Igbo 50 25 25 245 145 105
Lingala 20 10 10 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 20 20 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20 155 70 80
Shona 40 20 25 215 100 115
Swahili 140 65 75 805 400 405
Wolof 10 5 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 75 40 30 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 165 75 90 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 195 85 110 340 175 165
Dinka 110 50 60 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 240 115 125
Sign languages 225 130 100 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 135 75 55 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 95 50 50 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,095 4,245 4,850 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 8,830 4,110 4,720 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 2,105 1,000 1,110 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 30 20 10 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 5,985 2,755 3,230 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 5 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 130 55 75 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 100 40 60 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 470 245 230 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 265 130 130 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 30 20 15 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 210 105 105 815 395 425
Tibetan 5 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 260 115 150 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 170 85 85 1,100 550 550
Thai 90 30 65 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 475 260 215 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 45 25 20 530 290 235
Turkish 360 200 165 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 25 15 10 170 85 85
Uzbek 10 5 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 190 80 110
Uralic languages 2,095 975 1,115 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 60 20 35 705 295 410
Finnish 130 55 80 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,900 900 1,000 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 500 280 225
Multiple responses 9,605 4,680 4,925 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 1,415 630 790 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 7,660 3,800 3,865 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 270 135 130 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 260 115 140 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 647,955 316,780 331,175 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 627,620 306,940 320,675 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 579,760 284,055 295,705 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 577,740 283,120 294,620 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 2,020 935 1,090 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 47,860 22,890 24,975 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 35 15 25 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 10 0 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 15 5 15 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 15 5 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 47,820 22,875 24,950 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,465 3,675 3,790 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 5 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 5 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 120 50 70 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 120 50 70 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 7,325 3,620 3,710 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 115 60 60 600 275 320
Arabic 6,225 3,070 3,155 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 660 325 335 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 120 60 60 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 55 35 25 900 465 440
Maltese 20 10 15 15 5 10
Tigrigna 105 55 50 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,795 825 970 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 530 240 290 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,265 585 680 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 815 360 455 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 20 5 15 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 60 35 35 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 45 20 25 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 680 295 385 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 20 10 10 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 745 395 350 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 20 15 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 515 270 245 1,225 615 605
Tamil 150 80 70 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 65 35 25 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 27,130 12,980 14,150 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 500 245 255 695 335 360
Armenian 40 15 20 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 5,605 2,685 2,915 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 60 25 35 210 90 115
Latvian 10 5 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 50 15 30 125 60 65
Slavic languages 5,545 2,665 2,885 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 10 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 325 160 165 595 300 300
Bulgarian 40 20 20 1,035 485 550
Croatian 385 190 200 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 115 60 60 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 30 15 20 150 75 75
Polish 2,850 1,350 1,505 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 750 370 380 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 420 220 200 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 135 65 75 500 235 265
Slovak 100 45 55 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 30 145 65 85
Ukrainian 310 140 165 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 40 20 20
Celtic languages 10 5 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 5,460 2,655 2,805 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 30 15 15 1,475 715 760
Danish 15 10 10 305 145 160
Dutch 745 370 375 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 15 10 10 10 5 5
German 4,400 2,135 2,260 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 5 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 10 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 45 20 25 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 195 95 100 15 5 5
Greek 755 355 405 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 5,395 2,690 2,705 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 3,455 1,730 1,720 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 260 135 130 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 430 210 215 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 435 230 205 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 10 5 5 40 25 25
Marathi 45 25 20 270 140 130
Nepali 660 325 340 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 640 335 310 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 15 5 10 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 35 35 675 330 340
Urdu 880 435 445 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 1,930 950 980 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 605 305 300 1,080 540 535
Pashto 110 55 60 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 1,210 595 615 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 9,375 4,325 5,045 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 5 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 880 385 495 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 2,550 1,150 1,400 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 375 185 195 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 5,560 2,605 2,955 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 145 70 70 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 2,205 1,010 1,190 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 185 70 110 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 5 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 5 0 10 5 5
Igbo 15 5 10 40 20 15
Lingala 10 5 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 10 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 60 25 35
Shona 10 5 0 65 25 40
Swahili 55 20 35 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 15 10 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 45 20 30 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 35 35 140 60 75
Dinka 35 15 15 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 85 30 55
Sign languages 290 170 120 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 135 80 55 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 155 95 60 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,115 2,855 3,260 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 5,940 2,770 3,170 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,200 555 650 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 10 5 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 4,330 2,005 2,325 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 50 20 35 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 305 160 140 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 175 90 85 1,745 885 865
Burmese 15 10 5 720 375 350
Karenic languages 150 75 70 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 5 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 90 45 45 1,380 595 785
Lao 55 30 30 460 225 235
Thai 35 15 20 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 235 120 115 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 15 5 5 195 105 95
Turkish 170 85 90 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 20 10 10 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 40 20 25
Uralic languages 520 235 280 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 0 5 95 40 55
Finnish 10 5 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 500 230 275 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 20,335 9,835 10,500 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 895 390 500 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 18,915 9,210 9,705 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 95 40 60 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 430 200 235 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 647,955 316,780 331,175 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 585,420 286,945 298,475 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 21,285 10,355 10,925 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 6,315 2,605 3,715 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 33,880 16,370 17,510 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 230 90 145 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 33,650 16,290 17,365 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 210 95 115 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 320 170 145 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 510 230 280 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 10 5 10 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 534,255 258,910 275,350 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 513,250 248,845 264,410 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,876 39,928 29,060 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 513,360 248,855 264,505 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,860 35,720 26,846 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 458,070 226,425 231,645 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,269 39,150 26,315 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 375,555 167,995 207,555 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,692 3,581 6,698 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 377,565 194,625 182,945 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,948 38,406 28,392 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 534,255 258,915 275,340 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 512,950 248,575 264,370 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,741 50,422 37,459 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 513,055 248,580 264,475 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,822 41,632 32,301 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 457,995 226,325 231,670 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,549 50,013 35,258 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 375,635 168,420 207,220 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,851 7,211 8,372 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 377,570 194,285 183,285 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,691 47,455 35,581 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 534,255 258,915 275,345 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 185,925 104,190 81,740 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,138 55,577 46,662 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,616 64,789 53,022 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.9 90.4 82.4 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.3 73.9 65.6 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.1 9.6 17.6 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 534,260 258,910 275,350 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 21,005 10,065 10,940 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 513,250 248,840 264,410 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.1 96.0 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 71,585 31,660 39,930 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 88,140 35,275 52,860 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 72,920 30,195 42,725 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 60,815 27,505 33,310 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 56,945 27,745 29,200 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 43,245 23,135 20,115 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 32,080 18,570 13,505 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 22,400 13,210 9,185 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 16,610 9,915 6,695 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 15,560 8,705 6,865 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 32,960 22,930 10,030 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 23,175 15,785 7,385 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 9,785 7,145 2,640 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 534,260 258,910 275,350 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 20,900 10,055 10,845 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 513,360 248,855 264,505 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.1 96.1 96.1 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 73,685 32,180 41,505 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 92,290 37,090 55,200 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 84,475 35,640 48,835 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 74,680 35,150 39,530 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 63,215 32,680 30,535 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 42,375 24,250 18,125 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 27,605 16,520 11,080 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 21,725 12,545 9,180 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 33,310 22,805 10,505 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 11,960 7,665 4,295 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 6,775 4,640 2,130 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 14,575 10,495 4,080 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 534,255 258,905 275,350 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 156,690 64,280 92,405 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 377,570 194,625 182,945 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 70.7 75.2 66.4 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 55,415 27,825 27,585 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 31,385 13,760 17,630 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 49,760 22,275 27,490 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 40,560 18,395 22,160 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 39,570 18,035 21,530 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 39,200 19,455 19,750 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 30,990 17,350 13,640 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 22,975 13,715 9,260 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 16,590 10,105 6,485 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 51,125 33,705 17,420 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 13,405 8,030 5,380 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 13,155 7,485 5,675 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 24,565 18,200 6,365 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 269,305 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,279 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,859 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 77,720 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,420 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,208 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 191,590 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,585 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,658 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 269,305 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,313 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,150 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 77,715 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,361 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,699 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 191,595 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,519 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,718 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 269,305 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,620 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,315 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 7,960 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,400 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,310 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,015 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,910 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,215 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,300 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 12,100 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 22,475 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 20,270 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 18,455 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 16,355 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 14,955 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 77,650 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 27,985 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 18,030 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 18,570 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 13,070 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 269,305 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,875 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,385 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,080 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,915 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,825 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,420 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,890 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,565 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 14,630 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 14,080 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 25,705 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 23,015 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 20,880 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 17,805 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 14,435 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 55,800 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,200 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,955 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 16,645 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 182,920 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,639 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,416 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 72,420 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,028 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,761 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 77,365 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,375 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,500 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 28,760 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,504 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,296 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 182,990 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,698 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,565 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 72,445 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,169 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,968 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 77,460 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,189 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,410 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 28,740 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,314 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,426 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 102,015 48,395 53,620 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,202 31,340 29,347 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,780 28,547 27,257 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 101,715 48,700 53,020 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,425 41,243 37,755 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,597 34,547 32,725 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 645,295 315,720 329,575 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 334,870 159,855 175,015 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 70,645 34,200 36,445 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 66,090 29,770 36,320 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 66,500 31,605 34,900 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 65,950 31,960 33,995 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 65,680 32,325 33,355 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 310,425 155,865 154,560 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 66,600 33,055 33,545 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 65,605 32,725 32,885 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 65,395 32,970 32,430 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 61,930 31,215 30,715 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 50,890 25,900 24,985 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 645,140 315,645 329,500 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 133,830 68,430 65,400 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 43,020 22,070 20,950 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 404,835 198,800 206,035 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 106,475 48,415 58,060 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 101,390 47,205 54,185 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 27,170 13,890 13,285 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 9,635 4,935 4,700 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 61,790 28,905 32,885 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 12,430 4,415 8,020 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.7 15.0 16.4 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 20.3 20.3 20.3 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 22.4 22.4 22.4 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.3 14.5 16.0 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.7 9.1 13.8 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 55,565 27,355 28,205 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 12,875 6,585 6,280 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 4,685 2,405 2,280 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 40,435 19,815 20,625 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 2,255 955 1,300 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.6 8.7 8.6 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.6 9.6 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 10.9 10.9 10.9 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.0 10.0 10.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.1 2.0 2.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 645,295 315,725 329,575 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 637,875 312,730 325,145 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 637,540 312,570 324,970 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 39,075 16,355 22,710 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 129,520 62,535 66,985 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 380 120 255 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 195 70 125 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 20 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 10 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 155 50 105 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 150 50 105 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 10 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 10 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 10 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 10 0 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 160 50 105 30 10 15
Cayuga 10 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 15 0 10 25 10 15
Oneida 130 40 90 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 15 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 15 0 15 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 129,150 62,410 66,740 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 17,230 8,875 8,360 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 15 10 10 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 420 185 240 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 20 10 10 245 140 110
Somali 400 175 225 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 16,785 8,675 8,105 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 410 210 200 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 14,640 7,595 7,045 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,385 690 695 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 255 135 115 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 335 185 145 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 315 150 160 315 155 155
Tigrigna 420 200 215 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 95 60 40 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,985 1,880 2,110 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,305 640 665 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 2,695 1,250 1,440 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 2,970 1,140 1,825 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 25 0 15 530 215 310
Cebuano 140 35 105 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 35 10 20 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 245 95 155 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 205 105 105 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 10 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,615 970 1,650 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 235 125 115 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 30 15 15 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 90 40 45 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 1,860 915 940 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 160 80 80 510 250 265
Malayalam 1,060 505 555 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 575 305 275 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 210 110 95 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 10 10 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 85,910 41,410 44,500 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 1,210 610 600 1,640 840 795
Armenian 165 65 105 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 16,200 7,930 8,270 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 350 170 180 1,030 515 520
Latvian 145 75 70 555 290 265
Lithuanian 205 95 110 475 220 250
Slavic languages 15,875 7,765 8,110 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 75 35 40 245 115 125
Bosnian 990 540 445 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 95 40 60 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 1,610 825 790 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 550 280 270 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 180 85 100 400 220 185
Polish 7,605 3,665 3,940 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 2,480 1,180 1,300 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 1,475 755 720 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 470 215 255 1,525 770 750
Slovak 520 265 260 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 315 145 170 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 1,290 580 705 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 420 215 205
Celtic languages 165 70 90 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 70 20 40 660 395 265
Welsh 45 20 30 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 50 35 15 860 450 410
Germanic languages 25,310 12,035 13,285 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 225 110 110 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 340 155 180 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 8,690 4,015 4,670 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 195 100 95 465 230 240
German 15,060 7,230 7,825 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 10 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 85 50 40 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 225 110 115 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 610 330 285 545 270 275
Yiddish 25 25 10 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 1,020 535 490 155 95 60
Greek 2,980 1,550 1,425 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 11,780 5,900 5,880 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 8,475 4,290 4,180 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 545 260 280 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 1,065 570 490 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 3,250 1,725 1,530 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 15 10 0 415 215 200
Marathi 115 55 55 1,475 780 695
Nepali 855 425 430 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 10 10 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,195 1,170 1,020 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 125 55 70 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 165 65 100 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 2,655 1,315 1,340 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 3,415 1,670 1,750 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 1,035 535 500 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 280 145 135 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 2,270 1,070 1,200 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 60 40 30 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 30,460 14,570 15,890 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 20 0 10 395 210 180
Italian 5,700 2,820 2,875 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 8,750 4,285 4,465 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 1,255 605 655 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 15,660 7,270 8,395 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 55 35 25 380 245 140
Japanese 890 435 460 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 10 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 3,265 1,575 1,690 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,365 735 625 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 170 80 95 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 10 0 10 145 80 60
Ewe 10 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 105 30 70
Ga 20 0 20 150 95 50
Ganda 35 20 15 165 80 85
Igbo 100 55 45 425 240 185
Lingala 90 55 40 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 50 30 15 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 25 35 290 125 165
Shona 65 35 30 415 220 195
Swahili 360 180 180 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 260 155 105 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 350 185 165 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 220 115 105 405 210 200
Dinka 35 20 15 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 185 95 90 325 155 165
Sign languages 1,285 525 760 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 660 240 425 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 645 300 350 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,550 4,565 4,980 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 9,290 4,430 4,860 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 2,555 1,195 1,355 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 45 20 25 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 6,940 3,265 3,675 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 15 10 10 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 160 60 105 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 180 70 110 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 460 245 215 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 260 135 120 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 60 40 25 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 155 80 70 955 485 465
Tibetan 10 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 45 20 25 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 300 130 175 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 220 100 115 1,630 735 890
Thai 125 45 85 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 730 405 325 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 110 60 50 945 510 435
Turkish 560 310 250 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 55 35 20 115 60 55
Uzbek 15 0 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 2,485 1,195 1,295 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 60 35 25 780 350 425
Finnish 145 75 65 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 2,285 1,075 1,210 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 645,295 315,725 329,575 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 613,415 300,210 313,210 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 129,270 65,995 63,275 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 484,150 234,215 249,930 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 31,880 15,515 16,370 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 645,295 315,720 329,575 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 524,515 257,330 267,190 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 112,105 53,875 58,225 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 42,750 20,385 22,365 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 15,695 7,625 8,070 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 18,165 8,870 9,290 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 22,535 10,730 11,810 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 10,675 5,065 5,615 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 11,860 5,665 6,195 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 12,960 6,270 6,690 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 8,680 4,515 4,160 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 112,100 53,880 58,225 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 14,855 7,500 7,360 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 24,985 12,765 12,220 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 24,955 11,275 13,675 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 40,255 18,995 21,260 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 7,050 3,350 3,705 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 112,100 53,875 58,225 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 21,700 10,140 11,560 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 380 195 180 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 3,530 1,590 1,940 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 1,680 795 885 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 590 270 320 1,305 600 710
Haiti 120 55 60 570 250 315
Jamaica 1,415 745 665 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 4,585 2,225 2,365 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 170 70 100 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 720 345 375 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 5,365 2,290 3,070 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 3,150 1,565 1,585 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 51,255 24,825 26,425 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,270 665 600 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 1,065 540 520 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 340 165 180 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 3,260 1,590 1,665 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 1,265 655 610 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 1,255 615 640 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 730 400 325 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 2,720 1,435 1,285 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 6,720 3,300 3,420 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 5,185 2,375 2,815 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 5,190 2,605 2,585 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 1,270 610 660 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 595 265 330 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 615 305 305 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 720 285 430 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 14,015 6,505 7,510 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 5,045 2,505 2,540 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 5,655 2,850 2,800 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 90 50 40 485 310 175
Egypt 1,110 585 530 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 325 155 170 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 280 130 155 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 40 20 25 985 535 455
Nigeria 375 195 180 1,740 925 815
Somalia 225 110 120 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 575 315 260 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 2,625 1,295 1,330 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 33,080 15,800 17,275 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 615 300 310 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 345 170 175 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,990 1,745 2,245 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 715 345 370 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 3,775 1,905 1,870 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,175 565 615 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 2,775 1,405 1,370 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 230 70 165 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 2,220 1,050 1,165 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 1,820 955 865 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 1,660 845 815 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 2,610 945 1,665 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 270 125 145 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 2,140 1,050 1,090 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 180 75 105 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 1,935 865 1,070 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 6,625 3,390 3,235 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 415 255 165 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 12,960 6,270 6,690 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 2,640 1,215 1,425 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 45 20 20 1,145 525 615
Colombia 635 240 390 580 250 325
Cuba 80 30 45 140 60 80
Haiti 50 25 25 35 35 10
Jamaica 185 120 65 625 355 265
Mexico 465 245 220 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 640 295 350 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 85 40 45 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 450 200 250 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,095 585 505 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 35 15 15 970 510 460
Germany 65 35 30 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 25 15 10 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 45 20 30 690 310 380
Russian Federation 90