Census Profile, 2016 Census
Windsor--Sarnia [Economic region], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Windsor--Sarnia
Ontario
[Economic region]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Windsor--Sarnia [Economic region], Ontario  Map : Windsor--Sarnia [Economic region], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 627,633 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 619,056 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.4 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 274,633 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 256,708 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 85.7 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 7,323.66 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 627,630 308,005 319,630 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 103,110 52,915 50,200 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 31,575 16,270 15,305 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 35,200 17,960 17,235 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 36,340 18,685 17,655 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 405,335 201,115 204,225 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 38,275 19,700 18,575 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 40,045 20,695 19,355 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 35,605 18,075 17,535 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 34,390 16,735 17,655 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 35,130 17,085 18,045 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 38,290 18,655 19,630 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 41,580 20,535 21,050 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 48,815 23,925 24,895 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 49,265 24,285 24,975 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 43,940 21,435 22,505 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 119,185 53,975 65,205 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 39,130 18,885 20,245 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 28,075 13,590 14,480 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 20,510 9,345 11,165 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 15,175 6,625 8,550 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 16,295 5,520 10,770 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 10,140 3,885 6,255 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 4,880 1,355 3,525 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 1,120 245 875 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 155 30 120 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.2 15.7 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 64.6 65.3 63.9 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 19.0 17.5 20.4 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.6 1.8 3.4 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 42.2 41.2 43.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 43.6 42.4 44.7 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 256,705 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 185,520 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 18,970 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 51,075 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,660 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 12,790 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,190 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 22,005 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 435 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,140 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 256,705 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 74,590 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 90,775 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 37,115 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 33,855 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 20,375 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 615,375 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 524,520 255,090 269,430 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 301,120 150,865 150,260 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 259,960 130,315 129,645 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 41,160 20,550 20,615 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 223,395 104,220 119,170 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 138,180 75,550 62,635 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 16,410 7,155 9,250 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 33,675 14,300 19,375 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 35,135 7,220 27,915 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 178,485 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 93,175 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 36,360 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 32,580 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 16,375 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 178,490 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 147,195 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 126,620 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 20,570 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 31,295 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 24,825 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 6,465 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 147,195 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 74,705 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 72,490 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 27,305 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 29,775 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 15,410 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 31,290 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 18,470 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 9,055 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 3,775 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 100,935 48,735 52,200 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 256,710 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 171,295 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 71,975 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 99,320 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,530 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 81,880 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 74,590 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,295 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 621,415 305,705 315,710 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 558,700 277,815 280,885 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 550 225 320 1,110 530 580
English and French 53,205 23,720 29,480 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 8,965 3,945 5,020 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 621,415 305,700 315,715 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 595,380 293,790 301,590 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 14,465 6,765 7,700 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 2,785 1,300 1,485 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 8,785 3,845 4,940 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 15,855 7,415 8,440 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.6 2.4 2.7 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 621,415 305,705 315,715 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 610,440 300,390 310,045 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 506,925 249,830 257,100 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 491,325 242,555 248,770 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 15,605 7,275 8,325 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 103,510 50,565 52,950 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 215 95 120 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 180 75 100 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 155 70 90 70 25 40
Algonquin 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 150 65 85 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 5 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 10 5 10 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 103,295 50,470 52,830 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,915 9,445 9,470 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 15 10 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 10 5 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 585 250 330 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 50 30 25 165 95 75
Somali 530 225 310 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 18,310 9,175 9,135 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 105 55 50 1,140 560 585
Arabic 14,740 7,420 7,320 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 470 230 235 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,430 1,185 1,245 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 5 25 10 15
Hebrew 35 20 20 1,770 960 805
Maltese 250 130 120 80 40 40
Tigrigna 145 65 75 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 70 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,685 1,280 1,410 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 435 195 240 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 2,250 1,085 1,170 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 2,770 1,065 1,705 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 5 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 105 35 75 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 30 10 25 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 105 45 60 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 110 50 65 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 635 290 345
Pangasinan 10 5 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,330 895 1,440 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 830 360 470
Creole languages 240 115 125 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 180 80 100 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 900 520 380 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 35 20 20 225 115 110
Malayalam 275 155 115 1,750 905 845
Tamil 360 200 160 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 215 135 75 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 5 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 64,985 31,800 33,185 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 985 480 505 1,090 560 530
Armenian 230 105 125 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 13,990 6,500 7,485 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 125 55 70 645 280 370
Latvian 40 20 20 320 145 175
Lithuanian 85 35 45 325 130 200
Slavic languages 13,865 6,450 7,415 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 335 165 170 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 120 55 70 1,725 805 915
Croatian 1,855 890 960 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 410 170 240 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 1,210 585 625 250 120 135
Polish 3,855 1,745 2,110 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 720 290 425 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 2,910 1,470 1,445 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 225 105 125 1,145 545 600
Slovak 1,120 505 615 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 180 70 105 545 250 290
Ukrainian 810 330 485 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 100 55 40 180 90 90
Celtic languages 45 25 20 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 20 15 5 125 65 60
Welsh 20 5 15 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 40 25
Germanic languages 16,025 7,700 8,325 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 60 25 35 1,435 730 705
Danish 135 70 65 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 3,375 1,585 1,785 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 95 45 50 80 30 50
German 12,015 5,820 6,200 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 5 5 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 20 10 10 835 410 430
Swedish 30 15 10 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 260 105 155 200 105 95
Yiddish 20 10 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 25 20 15
Greek 1,385 700 690 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 9,560 4,975 4,585 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 8,560 4,485 4,080 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 690 345 345 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 1,110 630 485 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 860 480 380 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 10 0 5 40 25 15
Konkani 15 5 10 225 110 110
Marathi 100 60 40 535 280 255
Nepali 470 230 240 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,645 1,380 1,265 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 35 15 15 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 60 60 1,455 730 725
Urdu 2,495 1,265 1,230 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 950 470 480 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 150 80 70 1,650 875 780
Pashto 70 30 35 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 735 365 370 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 22,760 11,315 11,445 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 11,045 5,440 5,605 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 3,410 1,665 1,745 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 2,355 1,115 1,245 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 5,915 3,080 2,830 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 60 40 25
Japanese 135 55 80 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 65 40 25
Georgian 5 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 685 330 355 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 880 425 450 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 90 55 40 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 20 10 10 80 45 30
Ewe 15 10 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 20 10 5
Ga 10 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 20 15 10 65 35 30
Igbo 65 25 35 160 90 65
Lingala 25 10 10 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 15 15 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 30 40 105 45 55
Shona 10 5 5 150 70 85
Swahili 215 95 115 585 285 295
Wolof 10 5 10 30 10 20
Yoruba 170 85 80 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 55 65 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 195 100 95 265 135 135
Dinka 60 25 30 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 75 60 190 85 100
Sign languages 160 75 80 620 330 295
American Sign Language 65 30 35 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 95 40 50 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,870 3,895 3,975 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 7,475 3,695 3,780 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 2,295 1,130 1,165 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 35 15 15 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 4,335 2,140 2,200 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 110 55 55 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 75 30 45 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 615 315 295 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 400 200 195 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 70 35 30 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 300 155 145 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 475 225 255 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 250 115 135 800 405 400
Thai 225 105 115 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 500 240 260 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 30 15 15 495 275 225
Turkish 405 205 205 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 35 15 25 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 0 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 1,840 855 980 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 30 10 20 455 195 260
Finnish 170 80 90 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 1,640 770 870 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 30 25 365 200 170
Multiple responses 10,975 5,310 5,665 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 2,565 1,170 1,390 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 7,615 3,780 3,835 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 450 205 245 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 350 160 190 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 621,415 305,700 315,710 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 600,995 295,805 305,190 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 551,525 271,695 279,830 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 547,470 269,875 277,595 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 4,060 1,825 2,235 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 49,465 24,110 25,360 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 45 20 25 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 5 15 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 25 10 15 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 5 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 49,420 24,085 25,335 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,215 5,380 5,835 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 5 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 380 155 220 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 25 15 15 80 40 35
Somali 350 140 210 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 10,830 5,220 5,605 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 50 20 25 535 250 290
Arabic 8,760 4,240 4,520 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 145 155 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,510 715 795 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 5 785 400 385
Maltese 35 15 15 5 5 0
Tigrigna 65 30 35 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 100 45 50 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,760 835 925 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 230 105 125 620 290 330
Vietnamese 1,525 725 795 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 1,165 530 635 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 40 20 25 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 15 5 10 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 35 15 20 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,025 475 555 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 260 130 130
Creole languages 155 75 80 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 130 55 70 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 470 245 220 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 15 10 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 150 80 65 885 450 435
Tamil 210 105 105 1,935 965 965
Telugu 90 50 35 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 26,860 13,155 13,705 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 470 240 235 530 255 270
Armenian 100 40 55 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 5,280 2,485 2,790 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 20 5 15 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 15 5 10 90 45 50
Slavic languages 5,265 2,485 2,775 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 170 85 90 540 270 270
Bulgarian 40 20 20 925 425 495
Croatian 585 270 310 1,795 840 955
Czech 90 40 55 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 525 260 260 120 60 60
Polish 1,505 705 800 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 330 140 185 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 1,485 725 760 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 100 45 55 435 205 235
Slovak 295 135 160 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 60 25 35
Ukrainian 90 40 55 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 4,935 2,440 2,495 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 20 5 10 520 250 265
Danish 10 5 5 180 90 90
Dutch 210 90 120 685 325 365
Frisian 10 5 10 5 5 0
German 4,465 2,230 2,235 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 5 10 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 195 90 105 5 5 0
Greek 525 255 270 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 5,970 3,025 2,950 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 5,410 2,765 2,650 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 410 195 210 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 710 390 320 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 440 230 210 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 5 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 50 30 20 245 125 120
Nepali 400 190 205 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,775 915 865 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 10 5 5 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 25 30 595 290 305
Urdu 1,560 780 785 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 535 250 285 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 90 45 45 1,025 515 505
Pashto 40 20 20 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 405 185 220 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 9,570 4,670 4,895 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 3,290 1,380 1,910 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 1,355 600 755 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 1,175 570 600 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 3,740 2,115 1,625 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 50 20 25 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 485 245 240 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 280 130 145 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 15 5 5 35 20 15
Lingala 15 10 5 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 10 45 15 30
Shona 5 5 0 40 15 20
Swahili 80 35 40 155 60 90
Wolof 10 0 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 50 20 25 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 40 55 105 50 55
Dinka 25 15 15 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 60 20 40
Sign languages 185 100 85 830 460 370
American Sign Language 55 30 25 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 130 70 60 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,620 2,810 2,810 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 5,275 2,635 2,640 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,515 730 780 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 5 5 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 3,255 1,655 1,605 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 20 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 405 205 200 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 340 170 165 1,630 820 810
Burmese 50 25 25 685 350 335
Karenic languages 270 140 135 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 300 165 135 1,015 435 580
Lao 140 70 70 335 160 175
Thai 165 95 65 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 255 115 140 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 215 95 115 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 25 10 15 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 510 215 290 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 25 10 15 435 190 240
Hungarian 480 210 275 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 110 50 60
Multiple responses 20,420 9,895 10,520 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 1,385 615 770 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 18,305 8,990 9,320 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 150 65 90 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 575 230 345 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 621,415 305,705 315,710 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 554,625 273,765 280,865 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 21,830 10,790 11,040 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 11,080 4,715 6,365 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 32,620 15,835 16,780 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 455 190 265 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 32,160 15,650 16,515 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 265 115 150 965 435 530
English and non-official language 420 215 205 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 570 265 305 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 10 5 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 512,400 249,865 262,535 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 491,065 240,590 250,470 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,955 41,281 26,682 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 491,285 240,600 250,685 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,134 36,897 24,885 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 431,885 217,300 214,585 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,719 39,332 23,519 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 370,970 169,590 201,385 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,930 6,162 7,308 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 352,975 188,225 164,750 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,614 35,323 25,064 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 512,400 249,820 262,585 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 490,910 240,520 250,385 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,147 53,415 35,243 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 491,210 240,540 250,675 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,266 44,185 30,627 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 432,065 217,270 214,795 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,903 52,825 32,868 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 371,325 169,440 201,885 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,443 8,088 8,741 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 352,975 187,815 165,160 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,490 48,631 33,370 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 512,400 249,820 262,585 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 158,415 91,190 67,225 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,652 58,957 44,140 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,253 71,847 51,595 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.6 89.4 80.0 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 67.5 71.1 62.3 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.4 10.6 20.0 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 512,405 249,865 262,535 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 21,335 9,270 12,065 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 491,065 240,595 250,470 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.8 96.3 95.4 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 71,500 30,025 41,475 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 85,650 32,350 53,295 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 70,395 27,520 42,875 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 58,675 26,640 32,040 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 52,995 27,625 25,365 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 38,060 21,355 16,705 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 27,655 16,710 10,945 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 20,905 13,435 7,470 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 16,205 10,415 5,795 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 13,640 8,080 5,560 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 35,380 26,440 8,945 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 24,295 17,595 6,700 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 11,085 8,845 2,240 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 512,400 249,865 262,535 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 21,115 9,265 11,850 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 491,285 240,600 250,685 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.3 95.5 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 73,930 30,460 43,475 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 89,435 33,900 55,535 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 81,350 32,780 48,575 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 70,800 34,195 36,600 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 56,385 30,860 25,520 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 37,555 22,770 14,785 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 26,115 17,050 9,065 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 19,515 12,110 7,410 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 36,195 26,475 9,720 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 11,675 7,880 3,795 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 6,845 4,970 1,875 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 17,680 13,630 4,045 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 512,400 249,865 262,540 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 159,430 61,640 97,785 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 352,975 188,225 164,750 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 68.9 75.3 62.8 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 65,530 36,890 28,645 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 28,055 12,175 15,885 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 45,800 19,585 26,215 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 38,500 16,620 21,885 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 35,875 16,460 19,415 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 30,805 15,365 15,435 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 23,735 13,505 10,235 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 17,970 11,130 6,845 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 15,230 10,075 5,155 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 51,465 36,430 15,040 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 12,195 7,910 4,275 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 11,510 6,665 4,840 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 27,765 21,845 5,920 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 256,710 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,788 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,496 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 74,590 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,685 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,700 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 182,120 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,161 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,348 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 256,710 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 84,423 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,309 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 74,515 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,052 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,577 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 182,195 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,343 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,513 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 256,705 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,820 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,185 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,330 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,280 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,755 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,710 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,660 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,790 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,895 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,410 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 21,265 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 18,975 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,120 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,475 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,310 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 74,720 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,625 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,965 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 18,525 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 13,605 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 256,705 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,035 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,260 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,470 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,650 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,195 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,140 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,370 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,000 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,880 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,285 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,550 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,660 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 19,280 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,960 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,385 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 54,595 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,365 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,505 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 17,725 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 177,050 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,660 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,700 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 70,595 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,509 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,528 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 73,175 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,805 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,191 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 29,300 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,805 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,212 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 176,955 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,098 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,046 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 70,405 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,407 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,463 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 73,260 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,746 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,759 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 29,195 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,332 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,424 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 89,940 44,040 45,900 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,802 33,752 28,778 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,356 30,493 26,867 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 89,885 44,090 45,800 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,106 43,423 36,914 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,254 36,297 32,288 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 615,375 302,705 312,670 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 315,670 150,035 165,630 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 66,275 32,005 34,275 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 64,240 28,450 35,795 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 63,250 29,740 33,510 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 60,925 29,485 31,435 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 60,980 30,355 30,620 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 299,710 152,670 147,035 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 61,105 30,700 30,410 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 61,405 31,055 30,350 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 61,960 31,700 30,265 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 61,185 31,280 29,905 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 54,050 27,940 26,115 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 611,750 300,910 310,840 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 124,740 63,990 60,750 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 37,885 19,455 18,425 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 376,205 185,595 190,610 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 110,800 51,320 59,480 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 97,405 45,105 52,295 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 26,950 13,725 13,225 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 9,515 4,835 4,675 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 57,885 26,940 30,945 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 12,565 4,440 8,125 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.9 15.0 16.8 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 21.6 21.4 21.8 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 25.1 24.9 25.4 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 15.4 14.5 16.2 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.3 8.7 13.7 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 49,370 24,445 24,930 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 12,110 6,150 5,965 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 4,380 2,255 2,125 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 34,810 17,300 17,505 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 2,455 990 1,460 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.1 8.1 8.0 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.7 9.6 9.8 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 11.6 11.6 11.5 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 9.3 9.2 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 2.2 1.9 2.5 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 615,380 302,700 312,670 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 607,440 299,425 308,015 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 606,945 299,225 307,715 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 53,575 23,770 29,805 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 124,570 61,095 63,475 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 820 330 490 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 755 300 455 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 15 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 25 10 15 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 685 270 415 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 685 270 415 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 45 25 30 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 35 15 25 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 10 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 10 10 10 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 123,755 60,770 62,990 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,140 12,155 11,985 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 10 15 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 755 335 415 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 75 30 45 190 110 80
Somali 680 305 370 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 23,480 11,850 11,625 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 230 105 125 1,755 905 855
Arabic 21,145 10,720 10,425 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 555 295 260 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,280 1,570 1,715 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 135 50 80 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 360 185 175 165 90 80
Tigrigna 180 70 110 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 95 120 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,095 1,520 1,575 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 620 300 320 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 2,490 1,230 1,260 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 3,575 1,390 2,185 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 25 15 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 175 75 105 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 40 10 35 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 190 70 120 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 10 0 10 10 0 0
Malay 115 80 35 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 20 30 775 350 430
Pangasinan 10 10 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,275 1,215 2,060 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 80 40 35 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 525 220 305 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 15 0 15 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 380 135 240 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140 85 55 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 1,180 700 475 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 65 40 20 445 210 235
Malayalam 240 135 105 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 670 395 275 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 285 190 95 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 15 10 10 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 77,310 38,165 39,145 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 1,380 655 720 1,135 580 555
Armenian 265 120 140 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 15,685 7,460 8,225 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 150 50 105 635 310 325
Latvian 60 15 45 310 175 140
Lithuanian 95 30 55 325 135 185
Slavic languages 15,545 7,420 8,120 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 25 10 20 205 95 110
Bosnian 405 210 205 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 155 80 75 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 2,615 1,275 1,345 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 450 210 235 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 1,465 740 720 345 180 160
Polish 4,440 2,045 2,395 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 1,300 575 725 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 3,800 1,940 1,860 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 245 125 125 1,240 595 645
Slovak 1,160 500 660 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 95 115 725 330 400
Ukrainian 830 305 520 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 150 75 70 250 120 125
Celtic languages 70 40 25 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 35 25 10 350 225 120
Welsh 20 15 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 15 685 370 320
Germanic languages 18,495 9,130 9,365 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 170 80 90 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 165 75 85 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 3,605 1,715 1,890 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 170 90 85 120 55 65
German 13,905 7,020 6,885 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 20 10 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 60 40 20 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 320 135 190 220 125 100
Yiddish 25 10 20 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 915 415 505 75 40 30
Greek 1,970 1,005 970 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 11,990 6,405 5,585 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 10,805 5,790 5,015 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 905 470 440 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,350 800 545 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 3,410 1,935 1,470 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 45 15 30 45 25 20
Konkani 30 15 10 375 185 190
Marathi 130 70 65 1,275 650 625
Nepali 475 245 225 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,525 1,845 1,675 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 75 45 30 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 80 80 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 3,895 2,020 1,880 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,220 640 580 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 195 105 90 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 80 45 35 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 975 515 460 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 105 50 50 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 29,425 14,555 14,875 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 10 0 245 125 120
Italian 14,320 7,115 7,200 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 4,190 2,040 2,150 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 2,715 1,275 1,435 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 8,995 4,545 4,455 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 220 130 85
Japanese 400 235 165 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 710 360 350 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 1,560 785 775 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 145 95 50 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 40 20 20 115 65 55
Ewe 25 10 15 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 10 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 10 10 0 105 60 45
Igbo 125 65 65 240 140 95
Lingala 140 65 80 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 130 55 75 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 45 75 210 95 115
Shona 10 0 10 265 125 140
Swahili 465 230 235 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 25 10 15 30 15 15
Yoruba 310 170 145 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 160 85 80 300 150 150
Dinka 40 20 20 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 250 120 135
Sign languages 1,065 430 635 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 575 220 355 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 495 220 275 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,820 4,225 4,595 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 8,465 4,040 4,425 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 2,845 1,330 1,520 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 20 0 15 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 5,415 2,580 2,835 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 140 135 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 130 50 75 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 560 280 285 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 375 185 185 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 120 55 65 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 275 135 140 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 10 10 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 635 280 355 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 365 180 190 1,125 505 620
Thai 370 155 215 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 670 340 330 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 35 30 0 835 455 385
Turkish 595 290 305 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 25 15 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,340 1,170 1,170 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 30 15 20 495 205 295
Finnish 150 80 70 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 2,160 1,080 1,080 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 615,375 302,705 312,675 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 587,855 289,560 298,300 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 121,715 62,540 59,175 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 466,140 227,015 239,125 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 27,520 13,145 14,375 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 615,375 302,705 312,670 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 502,730 248,655 254,075 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 106,835 50,565 56,265 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 41,255 19,725 21,525 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 12,845 5,960 6,880 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 19,795 9,240 10,555 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 20,850 9,785 11,065 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 10,420 4,945 5,475 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 10,425 4,840 5,585 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 12,095 5,850 6,245 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 5,815 3,485 2,330 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 106,835 50,565 56,265 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 13,765 6,765 7,000 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 21,135 10,710 10,425 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 25,515 11,285 14,225 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 38,625 18,235 20,390 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 7,790 3,565 4,230 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 106,830 50,565 56,265 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 20,410 8,660 11,745 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 220 90 130 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 490 230 270 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 970 460 510 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 130 40 95 920 415 500
Haiti 225 60 165 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,060 550 515 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 5,390 2,615 2,770 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 55 15 40 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 415 190 225 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 9,305 3,385 5,915 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 2,140 1,030 1,110 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 44,015 21,470 22,550 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,175 550 625 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 2,105 1,095 1,010 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 445 210 235 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 2,060 960 1,100 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,040 540 500 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 1,020 490 525 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 365 175 190 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 7,670 3,935 3,740 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 3,135 1,600 1,530 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 2,995 1,335 1,655 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 2,385 1,150 1,235 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 2,440 1,130 1,315 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 520 245 275 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,730 910 820 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 365 145 220 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 9,580 4,520 5,060 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 4,990 2,475 2,515 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 4,600 2,275 2,325 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 75 45 30 430 270 150
Egypt 475 250 230 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 255 125 130 1,665 835 825
Kenya 100 55 45 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 75 30 40 730 385 340
Nigeria 530 295 235 1,205 630 575
Somalia 370 140 230 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 445 205 240 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 2,280 1,130 1,150 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 37,570 18,020 19,555 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 110 40 70 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 655 335 320 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,325 1,835 2,490 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 585 285 300 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 4,710 2,490 2,220 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 735 390 345 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 6,455 3,095 3,360 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 75 25 50 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 530 270 255 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 4,665 2,335 2,330 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 2,290 1,170 1,120 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 3,315 1,295 2,020 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 280 135 140 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,830 900 930 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 300 145 150 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 1,945 960 985 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 4,770 2,315 2,455 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 230 140 90 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 12,095 5,850 6,245 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 2,495 1,245 1,245 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 30 10 15 960 445 520
Colombia 45 10 35 465 220 240
Cuba 30 10 20 70 35 30
Haiti 105 25 80 15 0 10
Jamaica 185 120 60 160 115 45
Mexico 650 330 310 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,140 585 560 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 70 30 40 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 250 125 125 1,855 875 975
Europe 935 445 490 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 15 10 10 790 415 370
Germany 50 35 15 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 0 200 110 90
Romania