Census Profile, 2016 Census
Windsor--Sarnia [Economic region], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Windsor--Sarnia
Ontario
[Economic region]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Windsor--Sarnia [Economic region], Ontario  Map : Windsor--Sarnia [Economic region], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 627,633 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 619,056 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.4 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 274,633 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 256,708 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 85.7 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 7,323.66 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 627,630 308,005 319,630 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 103,110 52,915 50,200 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 31,575 16,270 15,305 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 35,200 17,960 17,235 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 36,340 18,685 17,655 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 405,335 201,115 204,225 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 38,275 19,700 18,575 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 40,045 20,695 19,355 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 35,605 18,075 17,535 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 34,390 16,735 17,655 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 35,130 17,085 18,045 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 38,290 18,655 19,630 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 41,580 20,535 21,050 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 48,815 23,925 24,895 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 49,265 24,285 24,975 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 43,940 21,435 22,505 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 119,185 53,975 65,205 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 39,130 18,885 20,245 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 28,075 13,590 14,480 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 20,510 9,345 11,165 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 15,175 6,625 8,550 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 16,295 5,520 10,770 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 10,140 3,885 6,255 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 4,880 1,355 3,525 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 1,120 245 875 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 155 30 120 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.4 17.2 15.7 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 64.6 65.3 63.9 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 19.0 17.5 20.4 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.6 1.8 3.4 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 42.2 41.2 43.2 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 43.6 42.4 44.7 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 256,705 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 185,520 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 18,970 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 51,075 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 9,660 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 12,790 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,190 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 22,005 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 435 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,140 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 256,705 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 74,590 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 90,775 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 37,115 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 33,855 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 20,375 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 615,375 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 524,520 255,090 269,430 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 301,120 150,865 150,260 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 259,960 130,315 129,645 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 41,160 20,550 20,615 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 223,395 104,220 119,170 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 138,180 75,550 62,635 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 16,410 7,155 9,250 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 33,675 14,300 19,375 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 35,135 7,220 27,915 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 178,485 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 93,175 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 36,360 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 32,580 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 16,375 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 178,490 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 147,195 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 126,620 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 20,570 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 31,295 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 24,825 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 6,465 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 147,195 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 74,705 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 72,490 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 27,305 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 29,775 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 15,410 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 31,290 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 18,470 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 9,055 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 3,775 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 100,935 48,735 52,200 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 256,710 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 171,295 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 71,975 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 99,320 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 3,530 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 81,880 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 74,590 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,295 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 621,415 305,705 315,710 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 558,700 277,815 280,885 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 550 225 320 1,810 820 985
English and French 53,205 23,720 29,480 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 8,965 3,945 5,020 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 621,415 305,700 315,715 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 595,380 293,790 301,590 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 14,465 6,765 7,700 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 2,785 1,300 1,485 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 8,785 3,845 4,940 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 15,855 7,415 8,440 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.6 2.4 2.7 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 621,415 305,705 315,715 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 610,440 300,390 310,045 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 506,925 249,830 257,100 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 491,325 242,555 248,770 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 15,605 7,275 8,325 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 103,510 50,565 52,950 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 215 95 120 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 180 75 100 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 5 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 5 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 15 5 10 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 155 70 90 155 55 105
Algonquin 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 150 65 85 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 5 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 5 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 10 5 10 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 5 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 103,295 50,470 52,830 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 18,915 9,445 9,470 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 15 10 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 10 5 5 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 585 250 330 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 50 30 25 205 115 95
Somali 530 225 310 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 18,310 9,175 9,135 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 105 55 50 1,370 670 700
Arabic 14,740 7,420 7,320 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 470 230 235 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 2,430 1,185 1,245 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 5 20 5 15
Hebrew 35 20 20 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 250 130 120 215 100 115
Tigrigna 145 65 75 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 145 70 70 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,685 1,280 1,410 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 435 195 240 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 2,250 1,085 1,170 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 2,770 1,065 1,705 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 10 5 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 105 35 75 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 30 10 25 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 105 45 60 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 5 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 110 50 65 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 700 320 380
Pangasinan 10 5 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,330 895 1,440 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 240 115 125 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 180 80 100 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 900 520 380 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 35 20 20 280 150 135
Malayalam 275 155 115 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 360 200 160 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 215 135 75 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 5 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 64,985 31,800 33,185 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 985 480 505 1,465 765 705
Armenian 230 105 125 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 13,990 6,500 7,485 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 125 55 70 1,070 485 585
Latvian 40 20 20 565 255 300
Lithuanian 85 35 45 505 225 280
Slavic languages 13,865 6,450 7,415 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 5 0 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 335 165 170 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 120 55 70 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 1,855 890 960 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 410 170 240 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 1,210 585 625 325 160 165
Polish 3,855 1,745 2,110 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 720 290 425 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 2,910 1,470 1,445 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 225 105 125 1,395 670 725
Slovak 1,120 505 615 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 180 70 105 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 810 330 485 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 100 55 40 345 175 170
Celtic languages 45 25 20 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 20 15 5 240 130 110
Welsh 20 5 15 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 16,025 7,700 8,325 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 60 25 35 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 135 70 65 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 3,375 1,585 1,785 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 95 45 50 295 145 145
German 12,015 5,820 6,200 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 5 5 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 20 10 10 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 30 15 10 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 260 105 155 445 220 225
Yiddish 20 10 10 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 65 45 25
Greek 1,385 700 690 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 9,560 4,975 4,585 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 8,560 4,485 4,080 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 690 345 345 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 1,110 630 485 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 860 480 380 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 10 0 5 65 35 25
Konkani 15 5 10 255 130 125
Marathi 100 60 40 620 325 295
Nepali 470 230 240 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,645 1,380 1,265 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 35 15 15 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 60 60 1,675 845 830
Urdu 2,495 1,265 1,230 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 950 470 480 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 150 80 70 1,765 945 825
Pashto 70 30 35 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 735 365 370 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 22,760 11,315 11,445 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 11,045 5,440 5,605 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 3,410 1,665 1,745 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 2,355 1,115 1,245 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 5,915 3,080 2,830 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 105 65 40
Japanese 135 55 80 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 85 50 35
Georgian 5 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 685 330 355 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 880 425 450 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 90 55 40 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 20 10 10 85 50 35
Ewe 15 10 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 45 25 20
Ga 10 5 5 45 20 25
Ganda 20 15 10 90 45 45
Igbo 65 25 35 245 145 105
Lingala 25 10 10 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 15 15 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 30 40 155 70 80
Shona 10 5 5 215 100 115
Swahili 215 95 115 805 400 405
Wolof 10 5 10 50 25 25
Yoruba 170 85 80 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 55 65 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 195 100 95 340 175 165
Dinka 60 25 30 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 140 75 60 240 115 125
Sign languages 160 75 80 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 65 30 35 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 95 40 50 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,870 3,895 3,975 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 7,475 3,695 3,780 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 2,295 1,130 1,165 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 35 15 15 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 4,335 2,140 2,200 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 110 55 55 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 75 30 45 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 615 315 295 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 400 200 195 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 70 35 30 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 300 155 145 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 475 225 255 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 250 115 135 1,100 550 550
Thai 225 105 115 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 500 240 260 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 30 15 15 530 290 235
Turkish 405 205 205 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 35 15 25 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 0 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 1,840 855 980 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 30 10 20 705 295 410
Finnish 170 80 90 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,640 770 870 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 45 30 25 500 280 225
Multiple responses 10,975 5,310 5,665 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 2,565 1,170 1,390 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 7,615 3,780 3,835 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 450 205 245 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 350 160 190 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 621,415 305,700 315,710 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 600,995 295,805 305,190 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 551,525 271,695 279,830 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 547,470 269,875 277,595 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 4,060 1,825 2,235 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 49,465 24,110 25,360 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 45 20 25 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 5 15 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 25 10 15 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 5 5 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 5 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 49,420 24,085 25,335 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,215 5,380 5,835 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 5 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 380 155 220 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 25 15 15 90 50 45
Somali 350 140 210 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 10,830 5,220 5,605 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 50 20 25 600 275 320
Arabic 8,760 4,240 4,520 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 145 155 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 1,510 715 795 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 35 15 15 15 5 10
Tigrigna 65 30 35 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 100 45 50 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,760 835 925 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 230 105 125 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,525 725 795 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 1,165 530 635 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 40 20 25 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 415 175 240
Ilocano 15 5 10 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 35 15 20 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,025 475 555 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 310 150 160
Creole languages 155 75 80 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 130 55 70 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 470 245 220 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 15 10 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 150 80 65 1,225 615 605
Tamil 210 105 105 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 90 50 35 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 26,860 13,155 13,705 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 470 240 235 695 335 360
Armenian 100 40 55 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 5,280 2,485 2,790 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 20 5 15 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 15 5 10 125 60 65
Slavic languages 5,265 2,485 2,775 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 170 85 90 595 300 300
Bulgarian 40 20 20 1,035 485 550
Croatian 585 270 310 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 90 40 55 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 525 260 260 150 75 75
Polish 1,505 705 800 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 330 140 185 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 1,485 725 760 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 100 45 55 500 235 265
Slovak 295 135 160 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 10 15 145 65 85
Ukrainian 90 40 55 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 5 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 4,935 2,440 2,495 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 20 5 10 1,475 715 760
Danish 10 5 5 305 145 160
Dutch 210 90 120 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 10 5 10 10 5 5
German 4,465 2,230 2,235 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 5 10 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 195 90 105 15 5 5
Greek 525 255 270 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 5,970 3,025 2,950 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 5,410 2,765 2,650 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 410 195 210 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 710 390 320 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 440 230 210 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 5 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 5 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 50 30 20 270 140 130
Nepali 400 190 205 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,775 915 865 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 10 5 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 55 25 30 675 330 340
Urdu 1,560 780 785 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 535 250 285 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 90 45 45 1,080 540 535
Pashto 40 20 20 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 405 185 220 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 9,570 4,670 4,895 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 3,290 1,380 1,910 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 1,355 600 755 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 1,175 570 600 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 3,740 2,115 1,625 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 20 5 10
Japanese 50 20 25 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 485 245 240 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 280 130 145 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 5 0 5 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 5 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 15 5 5 40 20 15
Lingala 15 10 5 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 10 60 25 35
Shona 5 5 0 65 25 40
Swahili 80 35 40 200 90 115
Wolof 10 0 5 20 10 10
Yoruba 50 20 25 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 100 40 55 140 60 75
Dinka 25 15 15 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 30 40 85 30 55
Sign languages 185 100 85 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 55 30 25 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 130 70 60 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,620 2,810 2,810 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 5,275 2,635 2,640 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,515 730 780 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 5 5 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 3,255 1,655 1,605 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 20 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 25 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 405 205 200 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 340 170 165 1,745 885 865
Burmese 50 25 25 720 375 350
Karenic languages 270 140 135 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 300 165 135 1,380 595 785
Lao 140 70 70 460 225 235
Thai 165 95 65 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 255 115 140 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 195 105 95
Turkish 215 95 115 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 25 10 15 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 5 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 20 25
Uralic languages 510 215 290 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 25 10 15 725 325 400
Hungarian 480 210 275 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 145 70 75
Multiple responses 20,420 9,895 10,520 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 1,385 615 770 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 18,305 8,990 9,320 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 150 65 90 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 575 230 345 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 621,415 305,705 315,710 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 554,625 273,765 280,865 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 21,830 10,790 11,040 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 11,080 4,715 6,365 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 32,620 15,835 16,780 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 455 190 265 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 32,160 15,650 16,515 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 265 115 150 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 420 215 205 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 570 265 305 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 10 5 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 512,400 249,865 262,535 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 491,065 240,590 250,470 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,955 41,281 26,682 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 491,285 240,600 250,685 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,134 36,897 24,885 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 431,885 217,300 214,585 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,719 39,332 23,519 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 370,970 169,590 201,385 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,930 6,162 7,308 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 352,975 188,225 164,750 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,614 35,323 25,064 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 512,400 249,820 262,585 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 490,910 240,520 250,385 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,147 53,415 35,243 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 491,210 240,540 250,675 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,266 44,185 30,627 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 432,065 217,270 214,795 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,903 52,825 32,868 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 371,325 169,440 201,885 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,443 8,088 8,741 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 352,975 187,815 165,160 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,490 48,631 33,370 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 512,400 249,820 262,585 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 158,415 91,190 67,225 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,652 58,957 44,140 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,253 71,847 51,595 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.6 89.4 80.0 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 67.5 71.1 62.3 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.4 10.6 20.0 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 512,405 249,865 262,535 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 21,335 9,270 12,065 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 491,065 240,595 250,470 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.8 96.3 95.4 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 71,500 30,025 41,475 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 85,650 32,350 53,295 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 70,395 27,520 42,875 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 58,675 26,640 32,040 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 52,995 27,625 25,365 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 38,060 21,355 16,705 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 27,655 16,710 10,945 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 20,905 13,435 7,470 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 16,205 10,415 5,795 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 13,640 8,080 5,560 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 35,380 26,440 8,945 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 24,295 17,595 6,700 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 11,085 8,845 2,240 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 512,400 249,865 262,535 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 21,115 9,265 11,850 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 491,285 240,600 250,685 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.3 95.5 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 73,930 30,460 43,475 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 89,435 33,900 55,535 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 81,350 32,780 48,575 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 70,800 34,195 36,600 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 56,385 30,860 25,520 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 37,555 22,770 14,785 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 26,115 17,050 9,065 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 19,515 12,110 7,410 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 36,195 26,475 9,720 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 11,675 7,880 3,795 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 6,845 4,970 1,875 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 17,680 13,630 4,045 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 512,400 249,865 262,540 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 159,430 61,640 97,785 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 352,975 188,225 164,750 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 68.9 75.3 62.8 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 65,530 36,890 28,645 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 28,055 12,175 15,885 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 45,800 19,585 26,215 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 38,500 16,620 21,885 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 35,875 16,460 19,415 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 30,805 15,365 15,435 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 23,735 13,505 10,235 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 17,970 11,130 6,845 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 15,230 10,075 5,155 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 51,465 36,430 15,040 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 12,195 7,910 4,275 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 11,510 6,665 4,840 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 27,765 21,845 5,920 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 256,710 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,788 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,496 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 74,590 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,685 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,700 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 182,120 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,161 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,348 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 256,710 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 84,423 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,309 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 74,515 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,052 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,577 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 182,195 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,343 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,513 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 256,705 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,820 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,185 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,330 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,280 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,755 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 10,710 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,660 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 11,790 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 11,895 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,410 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 21,265 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 18,975 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,120 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,475 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,310 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 74,720 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 25,625 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,965 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 18,525 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 13,605 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 256,705 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 4,035 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,260 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 8,470 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,650 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 13,195 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 12,140 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,370 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 14,000 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 13,880 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 13,285 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 24,550 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 21,660 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 19,280 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 15,960 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 13,385 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 54,595 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 23,365 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 13,505 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 17,725 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 177,050 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,660 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,700 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 70,595 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,509 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,528 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 73,175 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,805 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,191 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 29,300 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,805 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,212 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 176,955 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,098 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,046 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 70,405 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,407 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,463 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 73,260 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,746 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,759 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 29,195 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,332 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,424 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 89,940 44,040 45,900 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,802 33,752 28,778 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,356 30,493 26,867 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 89,885 44,090 45,800 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,106 43,423 36,914 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,254 36,297 32,288 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 615,375 302,705 312,670 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 315,670 150,035 165,630 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 66,275 32,005 34,275 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 64,240 28,450 35,795 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 63,250 29,740 33,510 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 60,925 29,485 31,435 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 60,980 30,355 30,620 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 299,710 152,670 147,035 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 61,105 30,700 30,410 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 61,405 31,055 30,350 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 61,960 31,700 30,265 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 61,185 31,280 29,905 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 54,050 27,940 26,115 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 611,750 300,910 310,840 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 124,740 63,990 60,750 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 37,885 19,455 18,425 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 376,205 185,595 190,610 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 110,800 51,320 59,480 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 97,405 45,105 52,295 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 26,950 13,725 13,225 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 9,515 4,835 4,675 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 57,885 26,940 30,945 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 12,565 4,440 8,125 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.9 15.0 16.8 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 21.6 21.4 21.8 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 25.1 24.9 25.4 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.4 14.5 16.2 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.3 8.7 13.7 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 49,370 24,445 24,930 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 12,110 6,150 5,965 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 4,380 2,255 2,125 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 34,810 17,300 17,505 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 2,455 990 1,460 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.1 8.1 8.0 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 9.7 9.6 9.8 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 11.6 11.6 11.5 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 9.3 9.2 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.2 1.9 2.5 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 615,380 302,700 312,670 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 607,440 299,425 308,015 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 606,945 299,225 307,715 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 53,575 23,770 29,805 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 124,570 61,095 63,475 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 820 330 490 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 755 300 455 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 10 15 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 25 10 15 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 685 270 415 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 685 270 415 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 45 25 30 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 35 15 25 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 10 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 10 10 10 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 123,755 60,770 62,990 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 24,140 12,155 11,985 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 10 15 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 755 335 415 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 75 30 45 245 140 110
Somali 680 305 370 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 23,480 11,850 11,625 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 230 105 125 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 21,145 10,720 10,425 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 555 295 260 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 3,280 1,570 1,715 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 135 50 80 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 360 185 175 315 155 155
Tigrigna 180 70 110 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 210 95 120 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,095 1,520 1,575 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 620 300 320 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 2,490 1,230 1,260 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 3,575 1,390 2,185 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 25 15 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 175 75 105 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 40 10 35 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 190 70 120 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 10 0 10 25 15 10
Malay 115 80 35 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 20 30 855 365 495
Pangasinan 10 10 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,275 1,215 2,060 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 80 40 35 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 525 220 305 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 15 0 15 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 380 135 240 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 140 85 55 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 1,180 700 475 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 65 40 20 510 250 265
Malayalam 240 135 105 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 670 395 275 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 285 190 95 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 15 10 10 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 77,310 38,165 39,145 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 1,380 655 720 1,640 840 795
Armenian 265 120 140 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 15,685 7,460 8,225 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 150 50 105 1,030 515 520
Latvian 60 15 45 555 290 265
Lithuanian 95 30 55 475 220 250
Slavic languages 15,545 7,420 8,120 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 25 10 20 245 115 125
Bosnian 405 210 205 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 155 80 75 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 2,615 1,275 1,345 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 450 210 235 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 1,465 740 720 400 220 185
Polish 4,440 2,045 2,395 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 1,300 575 725 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 3,800 1,940 1,860 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 245 125 125 1,525 770 750
Slovak 1,160 500 660 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 210 95 115 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 830 305 520 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 150 75 70 420 215 205
Celtic languages 70 40 25 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 35 25 10 660 395 265
Welsh 20 15 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 15 860 450 410
Germanic languages 18,495 9,130 9,365 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 170 80 90 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 165 75 85 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 3,605 1,715 1,890 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 170 90 85 465 230 240
German 13,905 7,020 6,885 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 20 10 10 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 60 40 20 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 320 135 190 545 270 275
Yiddish 25 10 20 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 915 415 505 155 95 60
Greek 1,970 1,005 970 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 11,990 6,405 5,585 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 10,805 5,790 5,015 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 905 470 440 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 1,350 800 545 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 3,410 1,935 1,470 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 45 15 30 60 30 25
Konkani 30 15 10 415 215 200
Marathi 130 70 65 1,475 780 695
Nepali 475 245 225 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,525 1,845 1,675 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 75 45 30 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 160 80 80 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 3,895 2,020 1,880 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,220 640 580 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 195 105 90 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 80 45 35 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 975 515 460 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 105 50 50 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 29,425 14,555 14,875 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 10 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 14,320 7,115 7,200 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 4,190 2,040 2,150 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 2,715 1,275 1,435 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 8,995 4,545 4,455 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 380 245 140
Japanese 400 235 165 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 710 360 350 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,560 785 775 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 145 95 50 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 40 20 20 145 80 60
Ewe 25 10 15 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 10 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 10 10 0 165 80 85
Igbo 125 65 65 425 240 185
Lingala 140 65 80 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 130 55 75 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 45 75 290 125 165
Shona 10 0 10 415 220 195
Swahili 465 230 235 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 25 10 15 50 25 30
Yoruba 310 170 145 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 280 130 150 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 160 85 80 405 210 200
Dinka 40 20 20 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 125 65 60 325 155 165
Sign languages 1,065 430 635 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 575 220 355 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 495 220 275 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,820 4,225 4,595 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 8,465 4,040 4,425 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 2,845 1,330 1,520 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 20 0 15 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 5,415 2,580 2,835 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 10 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 280 140 135 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 130 50 75 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 560 280 285 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 10 10 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 375 185 185 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 120 55 65 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 275 135 140 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 10 10 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 635 280 355 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 365 180 190 1,630 735 890
Thai 370 155 215 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 670 340 330 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 35 30 0 945 510 435
Turkish 595 290 305 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 25 15 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 275 140 130
Uralic languages 2,340 1,170 1,170 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 30 15 20 780 350 425
Finnish 150 80 70 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 2,160 1,080 1,080 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 615,375 302,705 312,675 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 587,855 289,560 298,300 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 121,715 62,540 59,175 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 466,140 227,015 239,125 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 27,520 13,145 14,375 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 615,375 302,705 312,670 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 502,730 248,655 254,075 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 106,835 50,565 56,265 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 41,255 19,725 21,525 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 12,845 5,960 6,880 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 19,795 9,240 10,555 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 20,850 9,785 11,065 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 10,420 4,945 5,475 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 10,425 4,840 5,585 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 12,095 5,850 6,245 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 5,815 3,485 2,330 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 106,835 50,565 56,265 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 13,765 6,765 7,000 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 21,135 10,710 10,425 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 25,515 11,285 14,225 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 38,625 18,235 20,390 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 7,790 3,565 4,230 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 106,830 50,565 56,265 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 20,410 8,660 11,745 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 220 90 130 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 490 230 270 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 970 460 510 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 130 40 95 1,305 600 710
Haiti 225 60 165 570 250 315
Jamaica 1,060 550 515 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 5,390 2,615 2,770 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 55 15 40 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 415 190 225 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 9,305 3,385 5,915 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 2,140 1,030 1,110 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 44,015 21,470 22,550 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,175 550 625 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 2,105 1,095 1,010 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 445 210 235 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 2,060 960 1,100 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 1,040 540 500 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 1,020 490 525 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 365 175 190 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 7,670 3,935 3,740 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 3,135 1,600 1,530 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 2,995 1,335 1,655 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 2,385 1,150 1,235 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 2,440 1,130 1,315 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 520 245 275 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,730 910 820 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 365 145 220 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 9,580 4,520 5,060 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 4,990 2,475 2,515 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 4,600 2,275 2,325 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 75 45 30 485 310 175
Egypt 475 250 230 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 255 125 130 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 100 55 45 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 75 30 40 985 535 455
Nigeria 530 295 235 1,740 925 815
Somalia 370 140 230 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 445 205 240 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 2,280 1,130 1,150 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 37,570 18,020 19,555 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 110 40 70 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 655 335 320 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,325 1,835 2,490 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 585 285 300 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 4,710 2,490 2,220 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 735 390 345 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 6,455 3,095 3,360 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 75 25 50 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 530 270 255 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 4,665 2,335 2,330 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 2,290 1,170 1,120 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 3,315 1,295 2,020 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 280 135 140 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 1,830 900 930 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 300 145 150 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 1,945 960 985 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 4,770 2,315 2,455 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 230 140 90 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 12,095 5,850 6,245 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 2,495 1,245 1,245 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 30 10 15 1,145 525 615
Colombia 45 10 35 580 250 325
Cuba 30 10 20 140 60 80
Haiti 105 25 80 35 35 10
Jamaica 185 120 60 625 355 265
Mexico 650 330 310 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,140 585 560 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 70 30 40 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 250 125 125 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 935 445 490 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 15 10 10 970 510 460
Germany 50 35 15 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 0 245 120 125
Romania 100 45 55 690 310 380
Russian Federation