Census Profile, 2016 Census
Northwest [Economic region], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Northwest
Ontario
[Economic region]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Northwest [Economic region], Ontario  Map : Northwest [Economic region], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 231,691 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 224,034 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.4 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 114,959 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 95,362 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 0.4 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 526,478.23 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 231,695 115,160 116,530 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 39,820 20,495 19,325 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 12,970 6,725 6,240 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 13,710 7,010 6,695 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 13,140 6,755 6,385 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 150,405 75,295 75,110 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 13,990 7,280 6,710 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 15,055 7,725 7,330 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 14,245 7,175 7,070 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 13,165 6,535 6,625 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 12,820 6,265 6,560 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 13,065 6,415 6,650 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 14,505 7,090 7,415 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 17,770 8,765 9,010 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 19,130 9,585 9,545 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 16,660 8,455 8,200 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 41,465 19,375 22,095 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 14,250 7,205 7,045 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 9,430 4,605 4,825 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 7,060 3,290 3,770 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 5,240 2,350 2,890 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 5,480 1,920 3,560 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 3,375 1,315 2,065 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 1,640 510 1,135 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 400 95 305 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 65 10 50 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.2 17.8 16.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 64.9 65.4 64.5 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 17.9 16.8 19.0 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.4 1.7 3.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.5 40.7 42.3 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 42.6 41.7 43.5 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 95,365 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 72,005 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,735 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 18,930 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,850 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 2,340 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,080 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 10,385 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 270 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,690 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 95,365 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 28,465 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 34,240 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 13,655 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 11,360 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 7,640 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 227,455 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 191,870 94,670 97,200 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 108,180 54,070 54,115 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 84,025 42,045 41,980 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 24,160 12,025 12,130 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 83,690 40,605 43,090 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 53,875 29,910 23,965 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 6,260 2,865 3,390 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 10,610 4,950 5,660 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 12,945 2,865 10,075 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 65,865 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 35,980 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 13,685 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 10,695 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,505 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 65,865 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 53,045 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 40,970 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 12,075 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 12,815 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 9,555 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 3,260 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 53,045 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 28,325 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 24,725 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 10,225 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 9,560 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 4,940 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 12,820 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 7,660 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 3,460 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 1,700 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 41,295 20,760 20,540 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 95,365 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 61,665 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 27,165 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 34,505 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,025 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 31,675 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 28,465 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 3,210 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 229,190 114,080 115,110 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 211,890 106,295 105,590 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 295 155 140 1,110 530 580
English and French 16,000 7,250 8,755 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 1,005 380 620 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 229,190 114,085 115,105 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 222,260 110,720 111,545 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 5,785 2,920 2,875 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 205 105 95 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 935 345 595 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 5,895 2,970 2,925 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.6 2.6 2.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 229,190 114,080 115,110 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 225,995 112,550 113,445 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 195,500 97,905 97,600 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 189,265 94,780 94,485 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 6,240 3,125 3,115 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 30,500 14,645 15,850 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 15,040 7,365 7,670 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 15,010 7,355 7,660 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 2,865 1,500 1,360 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 10 0 5 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 10 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 5 0 5 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 35 15 25 15 10 5
Woods Cree 5 5 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 2,805 1,480 1,325 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 5 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 12,145 5,850 6,295 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5,880 2,850 3,030 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 6,255 2,995 3,260 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 5 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 5 5 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 10 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,455 7,280 8,175 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 325 190 130 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 5 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 5 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 5 5 5 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 0 0 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 310 190 125 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 10 5 5 1,140 560 585
Arabic 290 175 115 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 5 0 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 0 0 0 80 40 40
Tigrigna 0 5 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 160 60 95 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 150 60 90 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 495 165 330 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 25 10 20 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 5 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 15 5 10 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 20 5 15 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 405 130 275 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 830 360 470
Creole languages 20 15 10 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 215 115 100 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 10 5 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 135 65 70 1,750 905 845
Tamil 45 30 15 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 25 15 10 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 10,465 4,995 5,475 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 5 5 0 1,090 560 530
Armenian 5 0 0 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,925 1,245 1,680 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 40 15 25 645 280 370
Latvian 25 10 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 0 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,885 1,230 1,655 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 5 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 0 0 5 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 10 5 5 1,725 805 915
Croatian 290 145 145 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 60 35 25 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 0 0 5 250 120 135
Polish 1,100 475 630 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 125 50 75 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 45 15 30 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 165 70 95 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 100 50 50 545 250 290
Ukrainian 950 370 575 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 0 10 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 2,340 1,105 1,235 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 15 10 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 85 45 45 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 500 245 255 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 10 5 10 80 30 50
German 1,590 745 845 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 10 5 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 30 10 20 835 410 430
Swedish 80 30 45 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 20 15
Greek 160 80 80 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 730 415 320 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 605 345 260 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 80 50 35 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 125 70 45 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 130 80 55 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 5 40 25 15
Konkani 0 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 10 5 0 535 280 255
Nepali 30 15 10 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 100 60 45 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 5 0 5 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 5 1,455 730 725
Urdu 110 55 55 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 130 70 60 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,650 875 780
Pashto 10 5 5 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 125 65 55 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 4,295 2,135 2,160 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 3,265 1,635 1,630 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 535 265 270 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 60 30 30 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 430 210 225 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 45 10 30 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 90 45 45 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 80 45 35 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 20 10 15 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 10 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 10 10 0 150 70 85
Swahili 5 0 5 585 285 295
Wolof 5 0 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 5 0 0 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 5 265 135 135
Dinka 0 5 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 190 85 100
Sign languages 55 20 30 620 330 295
American Sign Language 30 10 15 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 10 10 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 885 435 450 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 635 310 325 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 235 105 135 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 5 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 335 170 160 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 5 10 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 25 20 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 250 125 125 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 40 20 15 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 205 105 100 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 25 5 20 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 0 0 5 800 405 400
Thai 25 5 20 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 20 10 5 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 15 10 5 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 2,550 1,140 1,410 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 45 25 15 455 195 260
Finnish 2,305 1,010 1,300 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 200 110 95 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 3,190 1,530 1,660 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 635 310 320 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,480 1,180 1,300 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 45 25 25 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 35 15 15 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 229,190 114,080 115,110 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 225,060 112,190 112,870 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 214,170 106,810 107,355 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 212,105 105,790 106,315 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 2,065 1,020 1,045 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 10,895 5,380 5,510 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 6,760 3,430 3,325 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 6,750 3,430 3,325 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,580 840 740 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 5 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 5 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 1,570 830 735 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5,170 2,585 2,580 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 2,265 1,170 1,100 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 2,900 1,420 1,480 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,135 1,950 2,185 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 150 95 60 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 155 90 60 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 5 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 150 90 60 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 85 40 45 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 85 40 45 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 155 65 95 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 5 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 10 5 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 0 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 135 55 85 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 260 130 130
Creole languages 10 5 5 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 100 50 50 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 55 25 30 885 450 435
Tamil 20 15 10 1,935 965 965
Telugu 20 10 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 2,350 1,075 1,275 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 0 0 0 530 255 270
Armenian 0 0 0 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 510 200 310 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 5 0 0 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 505 205 300 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 5 0 5 925 425 495
Croatian 75 30 45 1,795 840 955
Czech 10 5 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 0 0 120 60 60
Polish 245 105 150 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 35 15 20 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 10 5 10 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 435 205 235
Slovak 5 5 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 10 15 60 25 35
Ukrainian 75 25 50 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 165 80 85 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 5 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 5 5 180 90 90
Dutch 15 5 10 685 325 365
Frisian 5 0 0 5 5 0
German 140 70 75 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 5 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 40 15 20 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 410 220 190 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 345 185 155 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 40 25 20 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 60 35 25 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 65 45 25 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 0 0 5 245 125 120
Nepali 25 10 15 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 55 35 25 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 5 0 595 290 305
Urdu 85 35 50 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 65 35 30 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 0 0 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 65 35 30 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,225 555 670 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 875 390 485 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 150 65 85 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 25 15 10 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 175 85 90 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 10 5 5 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 50 25 25 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 5 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 5 5 5 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 5 0 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 60 20 40
Sign languages 100 50 50 830 460 370
American Sign Language 35 15 20 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 70 35 30 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 525 270 245 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 355 190 165 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 110 60 55 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 200 105 95 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 20 10 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 170 85 80 1,630 820 810
Burmese 15 10 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 150 75 75 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 10 1,015 435 580
Lao 0 0 0 335 160 175
Thai 10 5 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 5 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 0 0 0 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 550 245 310 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 5 75 30 45
Finnish 530 235 295 435 190 240
Hungarian 25 15 10 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 110 50 60
Multiple responses 4,130 1,890 2,240 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 410 205 205 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 3,675 1,665 2,005 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 5 5 5 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 40 20 20 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 229,190 114,080 115,105 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 207,700 103,770 103,930 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 6,010 3,045 2,960 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 3,290 1,515 1,775 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 12,045 5,685 6,355 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 7,150 3,400 3,745 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 4,890 2,280 2,610 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 10 5 10 965 435 530
English and non-official language 40 25 20 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 100 40 65 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 187,740 92,840 94,895 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 181,180 89,620 91,560 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,573 41,245 29,437 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 181,245 89,620 91,625 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,611 37,069 27,189 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 159,235 80,225 79,010 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,189 39,062 26,256 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 134,820 63,045 71,775 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,590 7,339 7,692 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 130,170 67,180 62,990 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,240 37,371 28,319 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 187,740 92,840 94,900 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 181,215 89,605 91,610 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,368 50,408 36,481 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 181,275 89,605 91,670 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,819 41,924 31,829 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 159,210 80,105 79,105 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,838 49,634 33,945 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 134,940 63,040 71,900 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,876 8,580 9,135 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 130,170 67,070 63,100 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,231 47,589 34,473 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 187,735 92,840 94,900 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 56,965 30,785 26,180 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,793 60,751 47,462 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,960 68,218 52,425 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.8 88.0 80.5 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 68.2 70.5 65.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.2 12.0 19.5 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 187,740 92,840 94,900 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 6,560 3,220 3,340 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 181,180 89,620 91,560 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.5 96.5 96.5 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 25,295 11,750 13,545 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 29,850 11,775 18,070 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 25,135 10,300 14,835 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 21,890 9,780 12,105 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 19,610 9,340 10,270 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 15,785 8,365 7,425 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 11,615 6,950 4,660 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 8,405 5,215 3,190 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 6,220 3,880 2,340 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 5,260 3,230 2,030 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 12,115 9,025 3,090 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 9,190 6,800 2,390 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 2,925 2,225 695 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 187,740 92,840 94,895 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 6,495 3,220 3,275 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 181,245 89,620 91,625 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.5 96.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 26,090 11,875 14,215 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 31,240 12,355 18,885 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 29,020 12,135 16,880 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 25,925 12,000 13,925 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 22,665 11,650 11,020 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 15,600 9,180 6,415 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 10,650 6,650 4,000 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 7,765 4,790 2,970 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 12,285 8,985 3,305 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 4,945 3,375 1,570 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 2,555 1,965 585 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 4,790 3,645 1,150 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 187,740 92,840 94,895 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 57,565 25,660 31,910 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 130,170 67,180 62,990 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 69.3 72.4 66.4 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 20,870 10,790 10,080 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 10,445 4,715 5,730 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 16,675 7,440 9,230 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 14,025 6,330 7,690 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 13,165 5,705 7,460 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 12,380 5,395 6,980 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 10,355 5,405 4,955 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 7,690 4,605 3,085 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 5,995 3,750 2,245 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 18,580 13,045 5,540 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 4,865 3,055 1,810 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 4,440 2,700 1,740 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 9,275 7,290 1,990 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 95,365 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 67,193 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 59,924 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 28,465 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,330 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,270 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 66,895 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,941 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,855 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 95,360 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,411 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,989 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 28,420 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,816 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,594 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 66,940 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,220 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,167 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 95,360 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,395 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,515 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,145 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,845 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,580 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,760 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,240 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,280 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,105 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,055 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 7,725 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 6,940 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 6,405 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 5,675 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,075 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 28,620 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 10,225 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 6,845 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 7,260 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,285 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 95,365 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,465 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,535 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,205 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,005 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,045 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,305 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,845 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,940 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 4,895 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 4,765 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 8,745 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 8,055 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 7,205 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 6,285 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 5,325 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 20,745 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 9,530 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,455 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,765 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 64,755 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,112 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,960 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 26,515 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,924 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 71,677 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 25,010 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 114,020 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,894 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 11,315 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,672 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,099 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 64,835 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,541 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,343 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 26,445 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 94,183 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,169 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 25,050 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,974 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,121 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 11,300 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,937 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,870 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 35,130 17,745 17,390 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,766 34,234 29,781 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,165 31,006 27,689 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 34,835 17,425 17,415 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,333 43,368 37,295 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,616 36,525 32,706 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 227,455 113,290 114,165 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 114,985 55,740 59,250 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 27,910 13,930 13,975 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 23,300 10,695 12,605 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 21,265 10,145 11,120 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 21,065 10,185 10,885 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 21,440 10,775 10,660 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 112,475 57,550 54,920 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 22,560 11,225 11,335 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 22,890 11,645 11,250 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 24,260 12,420 11,835 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 24,420 12,675 11,745 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 18,340 9,590 8,760 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 198,485 98,470 100,015 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 36,975 19,025 17,955 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 11,755 6,110 5,640 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 124,265 61,715 62,545 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 37,240 17,730 19,515 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 26,215 12,240 13,970 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 6,920 3,580 3,345 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 2,590 1,335 1,255 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 15,230 7,225 7,995 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 4,070 1,435 2,630 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 13.2 12.4 14.0 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 18.7 18.8 18.6 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 22.0 21.8 22.3 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 12.3 11.7 12.8 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.9 8.1 13.5 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 13,045 6,620 6,420 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 3,080 1,625 1,455 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,255 660 590 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 9,350 4,760 4,590 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 615 230 380 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.6 6.7 6.4 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 8.3 8.5 8.1 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 10.7 10.8 10.5 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 7.5 7.7 7.3 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.7 1.3 1.9 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 227,455 113,290 114,165 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 226,500 112,920 113,580 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 226,205 112,760 113,435 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 16,180 7,375 8,800 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 37,745 18,225 19,520 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 18,575 9,120 9,455 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 18,525 9,100 9,430 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 3,290 1,700 1,590 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 85 40 45 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 3,225 1,670 1,560 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 10 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 10 0 10 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15,305 7,425 7,880 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 8,010 3,950 4,060 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 7,415 3,550 3,865 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 10 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 10 0 10 30 15 20
Dakota 0 10 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 45 15 30 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,200 9,135 10,065 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 545 315 230 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 10 0 10 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 0 10 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 525 295 230 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 485 265 215 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 15 10 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 25 15 10 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 0 0 0 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 150 50 100 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 10 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 150 50 100 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 665 220 450 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 35 0 35 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 15 10 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 35 10 20 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 60 25 30 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 570 180 390 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 90 70 25 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 0 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 60 20 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 185 100 90 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 10 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 115 55 60 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 55 25 30 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 20 15 0 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 13,010 6,325 6,685 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Armenian 0 0 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 3,015 1,330 1,680 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 20 10 15 635 310 325
Latvian 10 0 10 310 175 140
Lithuanian 10 0 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 2,990 1,330 1,665 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 10 0 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 340 190 145 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 85 50 40 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 0 0 0 345 180 160
Polish 1,325 600 725 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 180 70 110 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 115 45 70 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 20 15 0 1,240 595 645
Slovak 185 85 100 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 105 40 65 725 330 400
Ukrainian 865 330 535 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 250 120 125
Celtic languages 20 10 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 0 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 10 10 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 2,670 1,275 1,395 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 30 25 0 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 100 45 50 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 455 240 215 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 30 10 25 120 55 65
German 1,935 910 1,025 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 60 20 35 1,405 730 680
Swedish 125 50 75 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 10 0 10 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 235 135 105 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 1,085 595 485 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 890 485 405 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 200 115 80 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 155 85 70 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 365 215 155 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 20 10 10 1,275 650 625
Nepali 50 35 20 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 150 70 80 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 10 0 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 210 110 105 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 205 120 90 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 25 20 10 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 190 105 85 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 6,165 3,050 3,115 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 4,245 2,155 2,095 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 665 325 340 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 35 15 25 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 1,320 610 705 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 220 130 85
Japanese 90 50 40 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 185 85 100 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 235 135 100 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 40 25 15 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 15 10 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 10 45 10 35
Ga 10 0 10 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 15 15 0 240 140 95
Lingala 10 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 20 15 0 265 125 140
Swahili 10 0 0 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 0 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 35 20 15 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 40 55 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 15 15 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 250 120 135
Sign languages 340 130 210 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 135 35 95 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 210 95 115 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 985 470 520 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 680 325 355 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 290 125 160 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 365 185 180 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 10 25 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 10 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 25 25 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 315 150 165 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 90 55 35 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 270 125 150 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 45 15 25 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 20 10 10 1,125 505 620
Thai 30 10 25 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 35 15 20 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 35 10 20 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 2,900 1,275 1,625 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 60 20 40 495 205 295
Finnish 2,635 1,150 1,485 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 210 110 100 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 227,455 113,290 114,165 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 223,355 111,325 112,025 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 47,875 24,755 23,120 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 175,475 86,575 88,905 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,105 1,965 2,140 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 227,460 113,290 114,170 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 210,945 105,115 105,830 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 15,280 7,535 7,745 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 9,675 4,710 4,965 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 1,405 695 710 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 1,365 665 700 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 1,800 955 840 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 785 425 360 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 1,010 530 485 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,050 520 530 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,225 640 590 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 15,285 7,535 7,750 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 2,515 1,340 1,180 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 3,315 1,740 1,575 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 4,025 1,875 2,145 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 4,890 2,345 2,545 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 540 240 300 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,280 7,535 7,745 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 2,725 1,245 1,485 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 25 20 10 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 55 30 30 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 30 20 10 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 20 10 10 920 415 500
Haiti 0 0 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 45 25 20 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 130 40 85 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 25 20 10 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 30 10 20 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,155 955 1,200 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 205 115 90 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 9,515 4,760 4,755 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 10 10 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 205 125 80 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 105 50 60 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 1,070 560 505 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 100 45 45 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 115 75 35 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 105 60 40 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 2,410 1,270 1,140 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 395 205 190 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 740 345 395 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 385 190 190 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 45 20 20 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 80 30 50 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 75 35 45 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 115 50 70 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,725 840 885 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,840 850 990 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 445 280 165 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 10 0 430 270 150
Egypt 20 25 0 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 0 0 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 35 15 20 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 0 0 0 730 385 340
Nigeria 35 30 10 1,205 630 575
Somalia 10 10 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 40 25 20 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 290 170 120 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 2,460 1,155 1,305 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 20 15 10 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 125 70 50 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 290 140 150 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 75 40 35 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 260 165 95 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 125 70 55 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 25 10 15 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 15 0 15 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 40 20 25 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 45 30 15 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 135 60 75 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 620 210 415 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 20 0 15 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 35 15 15 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 10 0 10 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 105 50 60 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 520 260 265 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 140 100 40 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,045 515 530 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 245 115 130 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 0 0 0 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 10 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 20 10 10 160 115 45
Mexico 15 10 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 170 85 90 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 35 15 20 1,855 875 975
Europe 95 50 45 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 10 10 10 790 415 370
Germany 10 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0 0 0 545