Census Profile, 2016 Census
Interlake [Economic region], Manitoba and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Interlake
Manitoba
[Economic region]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Interlake [Economic region], Manitoba  Map : Interlake [Economic region], Manitoba Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 91,743  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,278,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 88,854  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,208,268  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 43,342  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,116  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 5.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 15,855.59  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 552,370.99  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 91,745 46,135 45,605 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 15,470 7,975 7,495 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 4,715 2,420 2,300 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 5,265 2,730 2,535 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 5,495 2,835 2,660 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 58,980 29,825 29,155 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 5,795 2,995 2,800 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 5,330 2,815 2,520 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 4,565 2,385 2,185 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 4,355 2,170 2,190 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 4,535 2,260 2,285 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 5,405 2,710 2,695 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 6,175 3,030 3,145 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 7,800 3,880 3,920 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 7,845 3,920 3,925 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 7,170 3,675 3,490 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 17,290 8,335 8,955 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 6,085 3,035 3,050 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 4,380 2,220 2,155 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 2,925 1,445 1,480 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 2,030 940 1,085 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 1,875 690 1,185 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 1,135 465 670 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 535 175 355 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 170 40 130 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 35 0 30 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.9 17.3 16.4 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 64.3 64.6 63.9 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 18.8 18.1 19.6 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.0 1.5 2.6 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 42.5 41.9 43.1 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 45.3 44.6 46.1 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 30,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 331,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 2,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 430  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 65  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 8,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 13,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 164,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 5,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 5,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 88,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,240,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 76,270 38,160 38,115 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 48,355 24,290 24,065 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 41,545 20,900 20,650 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 6,815 3,395 3,415 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 27,915 13,870 14,045 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 18,005 10,220 7,785 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 1,670 850 830 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 3,600 1,780 1,815 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 4,640 1,020 3,620 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 26,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 346,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 14,505  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 171,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 5,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 4,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 26,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 346,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 23,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 287,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 20,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 242,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 3,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 2,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 23,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 287,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 12,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 137,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 11,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 4,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 55,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 4,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 2,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 11,440 5,805 5,630 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 25,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 323,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 130,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 13,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,110  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 8,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 154,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 8,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 89,980 45,110 44,870 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 84,905 42,935 41,965 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 20 10 10 1,485 680 800
English and French 4,750 2,020 2,730 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 310 145 170 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 89,985 45,110 44,870 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 88,290 44,295 43,990 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 1,320 640 675 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 85 40 50 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 290 135 155 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,360 660 700 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.5 1.6 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 89,985 45,110 44,870 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 88,970 44,660 44,310 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 78,230 39,345 38,885 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 76,735 38,625 38,110 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 1,490 720 775 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 10,740 5,310 5,430 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 815 395 425 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 785 375 410 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 65 25 35 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 5 0 5 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 10 10 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 40 20 20 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 720 355 370 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 715 350 365 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 5 5 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 5 5 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 20 10 10 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dakota 5 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 5 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,920 4,915 5,000 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 65 30 30 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 5 5 5 1,750 875 875
Bilen 5 0 0 155 85 70
Oromo 0 0 0 345 175 170
Somali 0 0 0 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 60 30 30 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 0 0 0 1,770 885 885
Arabic 50 25 25 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 5 0 0 545 320 225
Maltese 5 5 0 40 20 25
Tigrigna 5 5 0 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 50 25 25 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 280 135 145
Vietnamese 50 25 25 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 350 150 195 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 0 0 0 175 80 95
Cebuano 15 10 10 1,245 565 675
Fijian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 390 170 220
Ilocano 15 5 10 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 5
Malay 5 0 0 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 10 10 655 315 340
Pangasinan 0 0 0 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 295 130 165 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 70 85
Creole languages 5 5 5 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 50 25 20 1,565 825 735
Kannada 5 0 0 95 50 40
Malayalam 40 25 15 790 410 380
Tamil 0 0 0 480 255 230
Telugu 5 0 5 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 9,095 4,515 4,580 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 0 0 0 350 170 180
Armenian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 2,790 1,345 1,445 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 10 5 5 165 65 95
Latvian 5 0 5 80 35 45
Lithuanian 5 0 5 85 35 45
Slavic languages 2,780 1,340 1,435 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 0 0 0 40 20 25
Bosnian 5 5 0 575 285 290
Bulgarian 5 0 0 140 70 65
Croatian 120 65 50 1,030 505 530
Czech 35 15 20 615 310 310
Macedonian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Polish 715 340 375 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 215 110 110 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 10 5 5 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 240 110 130
Slovak 35 20 15 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 20 15 270 130 140
Ukrainian 1,595 760 840 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 75 40 30
Celtic languages 15 10 10 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 0 50 25 20
Welsh 10 5 5 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages 4,970 2,480 2,490 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 20 10 10 420 220 205
Danish 30 15 15 280 145 135
Dutch 245 130 115 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 5 0 0 55 30 25
German 4,345 2,155 2,190 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 270 135 130 475 210 260
Norwegian 20 5 15 115 45 65
Swedish 15 5 5 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 310 125 180
Yiddish 10 5 5 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 25 10 10
Greek 40 25 20 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 325 165 155 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 285 145 145 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 0 0 0 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 5 0 5 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 15 10 5 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 35 20 15
Marathi 0 0 0 135 80 50
Nepali 0 0 0 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 255 125 130 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 0 0 0 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 670 345 320
Urdu 5 5 5 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 35 20 15 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 5 5 0 415 210 200
Pashto 5 0 0 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 25 15 10 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 960 495 465 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Italian 240 130 110 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 515 265 250 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 30 10 15 645 310 335
Spanish 180 90 90 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Japanese 10 5 5 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Korean 50 30 20 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Mongolian 0 0 0 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 15 10 10 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 90 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 75 25 45
Edo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Ewe 0 0 0 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 65 35 30
Ga 0 0 0 15 10 5
Ganda 5 0 5 50 20 30
Igbo 0 0 0 280 155 130
Lingala 0 0 0 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 250 125 120
Shona 0 0 0 110 50 60
Swahili 0 0 0 870 420 455
Wolof 0 0 0 75 50 25
Yoruba 5 0 5 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 395 215 180
Dinka 0 0 0 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 100
Sign languages 15 10 5 440 230 210
American Sign Language 5 5 0 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 105 55 55 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 110 55 55 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 35 15 20 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 0 0 0 55 30 25
Mandarin 35 20 20 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 15 20 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 575 295 285
Burmese 0 0 0 85 50 30
Karenic languages 0 0 0 430 215 220
Tibetan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 1,120 525 595
Lao 5 5 0 875 445 430
Thai 5 0 0 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 5 0 0 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 30 20 15
Turkish 5 0 0 210 120 95
Uyghur 0 0 0 10 5 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Uralic languages 90 50 35 1,440 655 790
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 15
Finnish 10 5 5 225 85 135
Hungarian 75 45 30 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 155 85 70
Multiple responses 1,010 455 560 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 210 90 120 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 770 355 415 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 25 15 15 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 10 0 10 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 89,980 45,110 44,875 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 88,395 44,380 44,015 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 84,755 42,580 42,175 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 84,500 42,470 42,030 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 260 105 145 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 3,640 1,795 1,845 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 325 160 160 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 315 155 155 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 5 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 5 5 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 0 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 305 150 150 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 305 150 155 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 5 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 5 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 5 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,315 1,640 1,680 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 30 15 15 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 0 0 0 20 15 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 5 5 5 1,185 550 630
Bilen 0 0 5 120 65 55
Oromo 0 0 0 210 95 115
Somali 0 0 5 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 30 15 15 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 0 0 0 1,045 520 525
Arabic 25 15 15 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 355 195 160
Maltese 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 25 15 15 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 125 55 70
Vietnamese 25 15 15 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 105 50 60 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 0 0 0 30 15 15
Cebuano 0 5 0 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 125 55 75
Ilocano 5 0 0 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 245 120 130
Pangasinan 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 95 45 50 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Creole languages 0 5 5 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 25 15 15 800 400 400
Kannada 0 0 0 45 25 25
Malayalam 25 15 10 405 195 205
Tamil 0 0 0 240 120 120
Telugu 0 0 0 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,970 1,465 1,510 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 0 0 0 155 80 75
Armenian 0 0 0 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 515 260 250 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 5 0 0 25 10 15
Latvian 5 0 5 15 5 5
Lithuanian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Slavic languages 515 260 250 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 0 0 0 285 145 140
Bulgarian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Croatian 20 10 10 320 145 180
Czech 10 5 5 115 55 60
Macedonian 0 0 0 85 35 45
Polish 225 115 110 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 105 55 45 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 0 0 0 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 90 40 50
Slovak 5 0 5 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 55 20 30
Ukrainian 150 70 75 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,020 980 1,040 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 10 5 10 200 100 100
Danish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dutch 10 5 0 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 1,965 955 1,015 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 20 5 15 35 15 20
Norwegian 5 0 0 10 5 5
Swedish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 15 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 465 240 225
Greek 15 5 5 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 190 95 95 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 160 80 80 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 0 0 0 690 390 305
Gujarati 0 0 0 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 5 0 0 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 0 0 0 40 25 20
Nepali 0 0 0 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 150 75 75 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 0 0 0 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 360 190 170
Urdu 5 0 5 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 30 15 15 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 10 0 5 275 135 140
Pashto 0 0 0 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 20 10 10 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 235 120 115 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 40 15 20 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 95 45 50 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 5 5 0 235 110 125
Spanish 90 55 35 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 5 5 0 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Korean 45 30 15 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 0 0 0 75 40 35
Lingala 0 0 0 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 55 50
Shona 0 0 0 10 5 10
Swahili 0 0 0 500 240 265
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 5 5 5 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 130 60 70
Dinka 0 0 0 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Sign languages 25 15 10 560 310 255
American Sign Language 5 5 5 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 5 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 60 30 30 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 60 30 30 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 10 10 5 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 0 0 0 25 10 15
Mandarin 30 15 15 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 10 15 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 465 235 225
Burmese 0 0 0 55 30 25
Karenic languages 0 0 0 370 190 180
Tibetan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 535 250 280
Lao 0 0 0 430 210 220
Thai 0 0 0 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkish 0 0 0 65 35 35
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 10 0 5 305 140 165
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 0 5 0 35 15 15
Hungarian 10 5 5 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Multiple responses 1,590 730 855 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 115 45 65 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 1,455 680 780 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 10 5 0 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 89,980 45,110 44,875 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 83,890 42,170 41,725 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 2,050 1,000 1,045 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 765 330 435 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 3,225 1,585 1,645 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 345 170 180 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 2,875 1,410 1,465 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 0 0 5 305 150 150
English and non-official language 15 10 5 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 30 15 15 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 73,370 36,605 36,765 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,545 35,260 35,285 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,009 45,192 30,336 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,565 35,265 35,300 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,437 38,748 27,238 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,250 33,200 32,060 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,941 42,624 26,791 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 49,355 21,925 27,430 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,516 7,196 6,114 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 53,280 28,075 25,210 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,609 43,473 29,125 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 73,370 36,645 36,725 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,475 35,250 35,225 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,159 57,605 38,706 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,490 35,250 35,245 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,670 45,084 32,254 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,185 33,295 31,890 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,053 55,719 35,961 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 49,170 21,880 27,285 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,970 8,013 7,935 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 53,285 28,320 24,960 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,032 54,214 36,751 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 73,365 36,645 36,725 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 26,695 15,470 11,225 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 53,705 60,165 46,339 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,897 72,022 52,697 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.4 91.3 84.2 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.2 75.4 67.5 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.6 8.7 15.8 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 73,370 36,605 36,765 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 2,820 1,350 1,475 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 70,550 35,260 35,285 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 96.2 96.3 96.0 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,865 3,775 5,090 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 10,655 4,080 6,575 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 9,780 3,980 5,800 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 8,560 3,705 4,860 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 7,790 3,900 3,890 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 6,010 3,410 2,600 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 4,715 2,865 1,850 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,620 2,280 1,340 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 2,920 1,765 1,155 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 2,040 1,340 695 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 5,580 4,155 1,425 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 3,930 2,845 1,085 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 1,655 1,310 340 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 73,375 36,605 36,765 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 2,810 1,345 1,465 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 70,560 35,265 35,300 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.3 96.0 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,375 3,900 5,470 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 11,490 4,445 7,050 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 11,825 4,870 6,950 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 10,800 5,065 5,730 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 8,555 4,825 3,730 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 6,295 3,895 2,400 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 4,595 2,825 1,775 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 2,810 1,855 960 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 4,820 3,585 1,230 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 1,665 1,195 470 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 965 700 270 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 2,190 1,695 500 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 73,370 36,610 36,765 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 20,085 8,535 11,555 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 53,285 28,075 25,210 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 72.6 76.7 68.6 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,275 3,635 3,635 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 3,915 1,735 2,185 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 6,550 2,875 3,675 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 5,825 2,470 3,360 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 5,480 2,400 3,080 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 5,190 2,605 2,585 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 4,200 2,405 1,795 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 3,475 2,105 1,370 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 2,910 1,845 1,065 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 8,460 6,000 2,460 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 2,465 1,470 995 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 1,640 1,145 495 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 4,355 3,385 965 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 35,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 77,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 68,147  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 59,093  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 8,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,522  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,846  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,763  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 27,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 353,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,128  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,532  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,162  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 35,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 96,647  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,373  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,627  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,154  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 135,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,208  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,364  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 27,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 353,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 112,093  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 89,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,044  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 35,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 12,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 144,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 34,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 2,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,865  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 489,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 565  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 11,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 8,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 2,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 26,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 26,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 341,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,962  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,441  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,037  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,563  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,103  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,596  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 11,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 123,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,902  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,413  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 89,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 26,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 341,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 112,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 101,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 89,731  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,132  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 127,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,402  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,583  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,286  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,743  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 11,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 150,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 142,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 122,176  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,001  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,399  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,006  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 55,308  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,307  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 9,405 4,825 4,585 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,677 38,342 30,281 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,880 33,315 27,723 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 9,405 4,785 4,615 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,678 45,508 39,744 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,251 36,789 33,657 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 88,415 44,380 44,040 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 40,755 19,785 20,965 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 7,525 3,765 3,755 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 7,895 3,605 4,290 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 8,110 3,795 4,315 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 8,200 4,080 4,125 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 9,030 4,550 4,485 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 47,665 24,590 23,070 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 9,420 4,790 4,625 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 9,835 5,070 4,760 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 10,035 5,190 4,835 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 10,165 5,260 4,905 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 8,210 4,275 3,945 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 85,570 42,930 42,640 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 17,365 8,920 8,445 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 5,105 2,600 2,505 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 52,355 26,260 26,095 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 15,850 7,755 8,095 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 9,835 4,685 5,150 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 2,840 1,455 1,380 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 970 490 480 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 4,870 2,355 2,515 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 2,120 875 1,250 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.5 10.9 12.1 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 16.4 16.3 16.3 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 19.0 18.8 19.2 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 9.0 9.6 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 13.4 11.3 15.4 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,515 1,825 1,690 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 1,010 505 510 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 325 160 165 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 2,270 1,195 1,070 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 235 120 110 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 4.1 4.3 4.0 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 5.8 5.7 6.0 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 6.4 6.2 6.6 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 4.3 4.6 4.1 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 1.5 1.5 1.4 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 88,415 44,380 44,035 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 88,135 44,250 43,885 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 88,125 44,250 43,875 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 4,760 2,015 2,745 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 11,715 5,785 5,925 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 1,090 510 575 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 1,040 490 545 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 125 25 100 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 10 85 25 55
Plains Cree 10 0 0 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 20 10 15 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 95 20 75 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 925 465 460 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 900 460 445 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 25 10 15 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 15 0 10 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 0 10 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 30 15 15 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 10,635 5,285 5,350 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 135 75 55 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 0 10 0 85 50 40
Kabyle 0 0 0 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 0 0 0 210 120 85
Oromo 0 0 0 535 275 260
Somali 0 0 0 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 130 80 55 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 0 0 0 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 60 35 25 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 55 30 25 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 10 10 0 65 30 35
Tigrigna 0 0 0 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 70 30 40 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 335 185 150
Vietnamese 70 30 45 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 380 175 210 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 0 0 0 225 100 125
Cebuano 40 15 25 1,615 805 810
Fijian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 425 180 245
Ilocano 25 10 20 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 945 415 530
Pangasinan 0 0 0 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 355 160 195 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 200 80 120
Creole languages 20 10 10 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 10 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 25 0 20 1,840 945 895
Kannada 0 0 0 175 95 80
Malayalam 25 10 20 830 400 430
Tamil 0 0 0 655 330 325
Telugu 0 0 0 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 9,645 4,785 4,865 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 0 0 0 390 195 195
Armenian 0 0 0 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 3,360 1,685 1,675 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 10 0 0 230 90 140
Latvian 0 0 0 115 45 70
Lithuanian 10 0 10 120 50 65
Slavic languages 3,355 1,685 1,670 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 15 0 10 65 25 45
Bosnian 10 0 0 835 405 430
Bulgarian 15 0 0 155 95 60
Croatian 155 95 65 1,595 765 825
Czech 55 20 35 735 335 395
Macedonian 0 0 0 140 75 60
Polish 935 460 475 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 435 225 215 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 10 0 0 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 0 190 75 115
Slovak 25 20 0 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 0 15 275 100 175
Ukrainian 1,950 965 980 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 70 35 30
Celtic languages 10 0 0 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 90 65 25
Welsh 10 0 0 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 45 15 25
Germanic languages 4,495 2,145 2,350 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 50 25 25 715 330 385
Danish 40 20 15 270 120 150
Dutch 300 155 145 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 0 0 0 90 65 30
German 3,685 1,755 1,935 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 305 145 155 560 225 335
Norwegian 30 10 20 290 115 175
Swedish 20 10 10 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 10 270 120 155
Yiddish 0 0 0 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 145 75 70 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 65 20 45 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 410 230 180 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 315 180 135 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 0 0 0 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 0 0 10 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 45 10 35 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 10
Konkani 0 0 0 40 30 10
Marathi 0 0 0 275 170 105
Nepali 0 0 0 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 290 160 130 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 0 0 0 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 10 0 920 500 420
Urdu 35 20 15 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 95 50 45 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 30 20 10 600 295 305
Pashto 0 0 0 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 65 35 30 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 1,695 900 795 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italian 295 170 120 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 700 385 310 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 30 10 15 785 395 390
Spanish 685 330 350 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 60 45 15
Japanese 10 10 10 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 15
Georgian 0 0 0 15 0 15
Korean 55 35 20 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Mongolian 0 0 0 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 30 10 20 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 260 165 95
Bamanankan 10 0 10 160 95 65
Edo 0 0 0 95 60 30
Ewe 0 0 0 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 50 25 25
Ga 0 0 0 30 10 15
Ganda 0 0 10 230 110 120
Igbo 0 0 0 665 345 325
Lingala 0 0 0 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 305 155 155
Shona 0 0 0 250 110 140
Swahili 0 0 0 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 0 0 0 150 85 70
Yoruba 0 0 10 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 410 225 185
Dinka 0 0 0 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 105
Sign languages 160 65 95 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 95 30 75 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 65 40 25 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 70 45 25 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 70 40 25 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 35 15 20 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 0 0 0 50 30 20
Mandarin 30 20 10 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 0 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 10 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 675 310 370
Burmese 0 0 0 185 115 70
Karenic languages 0 0 0 465 200 265
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 10 0 0 1,565 730 835
Lao 0 0 0 1,120 520 600
Thai 0 10 0 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 15 0 10 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 50 25 30
Turkish 20 10 10 365 180 185
Uyghur 0 0 0 30 15 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 15 30
Uralic languages 80 55 30 1,550 730 815
Estonian 0 0 0 45 20 25
Finnish 15 15 0 265 105 160
Hungarian 65 40 25 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 88,420 44,375 44,035 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 86,590 43,435 43,155 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,325 9,435 8,890 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 68,265 33,995 34,270 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 1,825 950 880 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 88,415 44,380 44,040 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 81,815 41,025 40,785 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 6,395 3,235 3,165 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 3,110 1,625 1,485 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 790 335 465 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 720 390 335 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 1,190 600 600 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 630 300 325 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 560 295 270 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 580 300 280 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 205 115 85 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 6,400 3,240 3,160 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 940 500 435 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 1,505 825 685 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 1,715 840 870 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 1,930 900 1,030 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 320 170 145 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,400 3,235 3,160 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 1,305 655 650 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 30 10 20 435 170 265
Colombia 10 0 10 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 25 15 10 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 15 10 10 1,135 515 620
Haiti 25 10 15 155 75 80
Jamaica 30 15 10 1,810 835 970
Mexico 215 95 120 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 0 0 0 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 35 30 10 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 435 205 225 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 485 270 215 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 3,960 2,010 1,955 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 0 10 1,055 530 525
Croatia 90 55 40 975 445 535
France 45 20 25 795 425 365
Germany 660 335 330 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 15 0 10 820 445 375
Hungary 25 15 10 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 40 10 30 650 310 340
Italy 150 90 65 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 255 150 100 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 560 270 290 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 360 185 170 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 30 15 15 720 345 375
Russian Federation 85 45 40 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 15 10 10 355 175 175
Ukraine 210 95 115 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,110 525 580 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 310 180 130 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 110 65 50 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 10 10 0 115 60 55
Egypt 0 10 0 980 525 455
Ethiopia 10 0 10 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 0 0 0 935 470 465
Morocco 0 0 0 250 140 110
Nigeria 15 0 0 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 0 0 0 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 40 15 30 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 35 30 10 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 995 490 505 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 0 0 0 615 285 330
Bangladesh 0 0 10 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 25 10 20 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 30 25 0 1,460 715 735
India 220 115 100 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 55 35 25 1,180 655