Census Profile, 2016 Census
Saskatoon--Biggar [Economic region], Saskatchewan and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saskatoon--Biggar
Saskatchewan
[Economic region]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Saskatoon--Biggar [Economic region], Saskatchewan  Map : Saskatoon--Biggar [Economic region], Saskatchewan
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 350,633 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 317,487 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 10.4 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 150,218 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 137,461 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 7.3 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 47,838.20 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 350,635 173,680 176,950 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 66,475 34,140 32,335 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 23,170 11,905 11,265 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 22,650 11,595 11,060 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 20,650 10,640 10,010 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 235,785 118,245 117,535 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 21,035 10,705 10,330 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 24,960 12,750 12,210 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 28,085 14,210 13,865 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 27,420 13,615 13,810 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 24,320 12,225 12,095 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 21,695 10,885 10,815 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 20,750 10,465 10,285 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 23,655 11,735 11,920 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 23,405 11,560 11,845 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 20,460 10,095 10,360 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 48,375 21,295 27,080 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 15,220 7,355 7,870 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 10,530 4,995 5,535 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 8,290 3,630 4,660 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 6,650 2,750 3,905 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 7,675 2,570 5,110 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 4,635 1,710 2,925 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 2,245 690 1,555 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 685 150 535 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 115 15 100 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.0 19.7 18.3 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.2 68.1 66.4 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 13.8 12.3 15.3 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.2 1.5 2.9 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 38.3 37.3 39.3 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 36.5 35.5 37.4 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 137,460 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 88,540 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 4,270 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 42,650 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,975 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 7,800 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 5,665 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 24,065 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 140 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,995 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 137,465 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 37,430 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 47,935 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 20,365 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 18,950 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 12,775 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 341,615 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 284,155 139,540 144,615 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 165,835 83,105 82,730 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 140,795 70,565 70,225 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 25,040 12,545 12,500 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 118,320 56,435 61,890 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 81,645 44,380 37,260 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 6,175 2,780 3,405 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 15,465 6,410 9,050 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 15,040 2,865 12,170 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 94,830 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 47,740 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 19,045 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 18,180 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 9,865 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 94,830 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 80,550 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 68,030 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 12,515 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 14,280 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 11,150 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 3,135 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 80,550 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 39,420 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 41,125 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 15,095 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 16,835 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 9,195 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 14,280 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 8,320 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 3,950 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 2,015 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 63,140 31,600 31,540 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 137,460 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 90,275 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 37,895 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 52,375 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,215 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 44,970 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 37,430 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 7,540 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 346,160 171,830 174,335 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 323,215 161,440 161,775 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 160 80 85 1,810 820 985
English and French 19,050 8,615 10,430 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 3,735 1,695 2,040 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 346,165 171,830 174,335 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 337,780 167,880 169,900 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 3,880 1,870 2,010 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 880 440 440 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 3,615 1,640 1,980 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 4,320 2,090 2,230 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 346,160 171,830 174,330 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 339,710 168,750 170,960 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 283,860 141,475 142,385 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 279,590 139,410 140,180 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 4,275 2,065 2,205 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 55,850 27,275 28,575 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 2,295 1,035 1,255 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 1,995 910 1,080 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 1,825 835 985 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 5 5 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 510 235 275 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 50 25 30 25 15 10
Woods Cree 80 35 45 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 1,175 540 635 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 165 70 90 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 165 75 90 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 205 85 115 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 200 85 120 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 200 85 120 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 5 5 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 5 5 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 25 10 15 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 5 5 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 55 25 35 45 25 20
Dakota 45 25 30 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 53,560 26,235 27,320 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,425 1,765 1,655 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 385 185 200 1,505 765 740
Bilen 25 10 10 5 0 0
Oromo 145 75 65 205 115 95
Somali 200 90 115 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 20 10 15
Semitic languages 3,015 1,565 1,455 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 145 60 80 1,370 670 700
Arabic 1,990 1,050 935 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 280 145 135 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 150 75 70 440 245 200
Harari 0 5 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 30 20 10 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 5 5 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 295 140 155 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,145 555 590 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 70 35 35 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 1,075 520 560 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 8,980 4,245 4,730 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 35 15 20 375 165 215
Cebuano 580 255 325 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 5 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 90 40 50 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 265 125 135 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 60 25 35 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 50 20 30 700 320 380
Pangasinan 15 5 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 7,750 3,690 4,060 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 30 15 10 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 100 50 55 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 70 35 35 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 25 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 575 310 265 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 35 15 20 280 150 135
Malayalam 275 155 125 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 155 90 70 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 105 50 55 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 29,550 14,450 15,095 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 85 45 40 1,465 765 705
Armenian 45 25 20 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 6,625 2,985 3,640 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 70 35 35 1,070 485 585
Latvian 50 30 30 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 10 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 6,555 2,945 3,610 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 130 60 65 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 30 15 10 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 175 95 85 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 105 50 50 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 45 25 25 325 160 165
Polish 690 310 375 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,225 570 655 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 185 105 80 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 75 35 40 1,395 670 725
Slovak 45 25 25 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 15 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 3,735 1,595 2,135 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 105 50 55 345 175 170
Celtic languages 20 15 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 240 130 110
Welsh 5 5 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 95 50 45
Germanic languages 8,840 4,155 4,690 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 265 120 140 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 90 50 40 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 510 255 255 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 15 10 5 295 145 145
German 7,780 3,655 4,125 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 10 5 10 275 135 145
Norwegian 95 35 60 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 45 20 25 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 10 15 445 220 225
Yiddish 10 0 5 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 65 45 25
Greek 240 125 115 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 10,710 5,635 5,070 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 9,410 4,940 4,470 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 1,680 910 775 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 815 435 375 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 590 330 255 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 10 5 10 65 35 25
Konkani 5 5 0 255 130 125
Marathi 60 35 25 620 325 295
Nepali 335 170 165 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 15 5 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,165 1,175 990 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 95 50 45 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 220 110 110 1,675 845 830
Urdu 3,425 1,715 1,710 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 1,145 620 530 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 55 35 25 1,765 945 825
Pashto 295 165 135 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 790 420 370 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 150 80 70 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 2,980 1,465 1,520 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 220 115 110 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 390 155 230 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 415 215 205 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,955 975 975 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 105 65 40
Japanese 160 55 105 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 5 85 50 40
Korean 570 275 295 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 35 15 20 360 150 205
Mongolian 35 10 25 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 910 485 425 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 80 45 30 495 275 220
Bamanankan 5 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 5 0 85 50 35
Ewe 20 10 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 0 45 25 20
Ga 15 5 5 45 20 25
Ganda 5 0 5 90 45 45
Igbo 75 40 30 245 145 105
Lingala 5 5 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 25 15 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 20 25 155 70 80
Shona 50 20 30 215 100 115
Swahili 165 90 75 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 220 110 110 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 170 80 85 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 135 75 60 340 175 165
Dinka 40 20 15 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 95 50 45 240 115 125
Sign languages 100 55 45 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 40 25 20 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 60 35 25 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,965 3,475 3,490 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 6,620 3,290 3,335 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 1,910 945 965 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 15 10 10 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 4,150 2,065 2,085 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 5 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 40 50 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 20 10 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 420 210 215 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 345 190 160 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 100 60 35 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 230 110 115 815 395 425
Tibetan 10 5 5 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 220 95 125 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 145 70 75 1,100 550 550
Thai 70 25 50 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 180 95 85 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 530 290 235
Turkish 130 80 55 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 5 5 170 85 85
Uzbek 15 5 10 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 485 225 260 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 10 5 10 705 295 410
Finnish 80 30 45 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 395 195 200 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 500 280 225
Multiple responses 6,445 3,075 3,370 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 690 320 375 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 5,525 2,640 2,880 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 95 45 50 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 140 70 70 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 346,160 171,830 174,335 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 332,785 165,270 167,515 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 304,095 150,920 153,175 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 302,945 150,325 152,620 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 1,150 595 560 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 28,690 14,350 14,340 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 690 355 335 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 590 305 285 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 560 285 275 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 165 80 85 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 10 5 0 0 0
Woods Cree 10 5 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 375 190 180 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 30 20 10 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 30 20 10 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 80 40 40 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 40 40 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 80 40 40 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 5 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 5 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 20 10 10 15 10 5
Dakota 10 5 5 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,000 13,995 14,005 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,330 1,175 1,160 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 250 120 135 770 355 415
Bilen 15 5 10 0 0 0
Oromo 115 55 55 90 50 45
Somali 115 50 65 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 2,080 1,050 1,030 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 70 35 35 600 275 320
Arabic 1,425 730 695 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 210 100 110 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 115 65 55 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 5 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 5 15 5 10
Tigrigna 170 80 90 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 65 35 30 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 775 370 405 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 25 10 15 800 375 420
Vietnamese 745 355 390 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 4,770 2,340 2,425 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 5 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 215 100 115 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 55 30 20 415 175 240
Ilocano 70 30 35 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 20 10 10 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 5 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,350 2,135 2,220 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 5 5 5 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 310 150 160
Creole languages 30 15 20 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 5 10 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 285 150 140 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 15 5 10 110 55 60
Malayalam 175 95 85 1,225 615 605
Tamil 55 30 25 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 40 15 20 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 13,540 6,835 6,700 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 45 25 25 695 335 360
Armenian 35 20 15 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 2,170 1,085 1,085 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 35 10 15 210 90 115
Latvian 30 10 15 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 5 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 2,135 1,065 1,070 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 55 30 30 595 300 300
Bulgarian 15 10 5 1,035 485 550
Croatian 65 30 30 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 15 10 10 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 40 15 20 150 75 75
Polish 240 115 125 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 680 345 335 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 140 75 60 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 20 500 235 265
Slovak 20 15 10 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 790 390 400 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 2,835 1,380 1,455 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 145 75 70 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 65 35 30 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 2,610 1,265 1,345 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 5 140 60 80
Swedish 5 5 5 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 105 45 65 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 6,955 3,585 3,365 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 6,145 3,175 2,970 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 1,195 615 575 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 550 290 265 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 315 165 145 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 25 15 10 270 140 130
Nepali 225 115 110 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,465 795 675 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 45 20 25 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 110 55 55 675 330 340
Urdu 2,215 1,100 1,115 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 735 375 360 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 35 25 15 1,080 540 535
Pashto 185 95 90 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 510 255 255 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 75 40 40 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 1,390 695 690 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 45 25 20 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 125 60 65 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 205 105 100 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,020 510 505 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 55 25 30 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 370 185 190 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 170 80 90
Mongolian 20 10 15 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 230 115 120 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 5 5 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 5 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 5 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 10 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 10 60 25 35
Shona 25 15 15 65 25 40
Swahili 60 30 30 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 50 25 30 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 60 25 30 140 60 75
Dinka 20 10 10 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 85 30 55
Sign languages 120 70 55 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 35 20 15 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 85 50 30 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,080 2,525 2,550 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 4,825 2,400 2,425 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 1,235 585 650 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 3,270 1,655 1,615 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 15 20 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 5 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 260 135 130 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 255 125 130 1,745 885 865
Burmese 60 30 30 720 375 350
Karenic languages 185 90 95 725 355 370
Tibetan 5 0 5 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 85 40 45 1,380 595 785
Lao 55 25 25 460 225 235
Thai 30 15 15 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 85 45 40 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 10 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 75 40 35 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 5 0 5 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 135 70 65 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 10 5 5 95 40 55
Finnish 15 5 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 115 65 50 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 145 70 75
Multiple responses 13,375 6,555 6,820 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 460 225 235 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 12,640 6,205 6,435 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 45 30 25 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 235 105 125 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 346,165 171,825 174,335 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 312,805 155,625 157,185 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 13,715 6,895 6,820 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 3,110 1,340 1,775 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 15,910 7,680 8,230 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 2,160 1,000 1,160 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 13,755 6,685 7,070 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 65 35 30 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 355 175 175 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 195 80 115 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 10 5 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 275,905 135,920 139,990 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 265,285 131,030 134,250 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,207 48,975 33,436 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 265,320 131,040 134,290 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,007 42,500 30,632 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 246,210 123,625 122,585 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,695 48,153 30,620 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 172,695 72,795 99,905 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,121 2,778 4,731 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 211,095 109,215 101,880 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,032 46,807 30,673 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 275,905 135,950 139,960 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 265,255 131,125 134,125 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,275 62,920 41,868 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 265,280 131,130 134,155 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,945 50,371 35,688 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 246,325 123,790 122,535 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,319 62,722 39,800 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 172,720 73,070 99,650 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,092 6,653 7,415 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 211,095 109,255 101,840 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,001 58,982 38,293 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 275,910 135,950 139,955 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 100,015 57,305 42,705 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 57,428 64,746 49,322 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 68,022 76,648 56,447 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.1 94.1 86.7 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 74.5 78.1 69.4 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.9 5.9 13.3 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 275,910 135,915 139,990 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 10,625 4,885 5,735 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 265,285 131,030 134,250 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.1 96.4 95.9 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 31,820 13,495 18,325 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 35,720 13,545 22,175 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 33,535 12,940 20,595 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 30,890 13,180 17,710 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 29,260 13,675 15,585 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 23,295 12,265 11,035 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 18,150 10,345 7,805 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 14,075 8,460 5,615 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 11,560 6,945 4,610 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 8,785 5,385 3,395 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 28,185 20,795 7,395 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 19,380 13,855 5,525 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 8,810 6,945 1,865 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 275,905 135,920 139,990 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 10,580 4,885 5,700 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 265,325 131,035 134,285 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.4 95.9 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 32,675 13,745 18,930 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 37,445 14,270 23,175 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 39,225 15,500 23,725 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 39,015 17,510 21,505 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 33,965 17,400 16,560 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 24,505 13,820 10,690 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 18,205 11,015 7,195 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 12,995 7,850 5,145 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 27,300 19,930 7,370 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 8,340 5,585 2,755 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 5,695 4,095 1,595 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 13,265 10,245 3,015 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 275,910 135,920 139,990 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 64,815 26,705 38,105 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 211,095 109,215 101,880 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 76.5 80.4 72.8 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 24,820 11,310 13,510 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 15,210 6,270 8,940 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 25,500 10,765 14,730 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 22,110 9,355 12,760 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 22,105 9,925 12,180 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 20,745 9,980 10,765 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 17,295 9,410 7,880 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 13,615 7,880 5,725 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 10,915 6,750 4,165 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 38,780 27,565 11,220 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 9,520 5,805 3,710 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 7,190 4,525 2,670 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 22,070 17,235 4,835 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 137,460 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,248 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 70,273 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 37,430 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,028 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,241 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 100,030 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,639 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,315 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 137,460 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 100,873 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 82,880 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 37,330 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,153 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,059 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 100,130 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 119,409 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,098 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 137,460 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,025 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,275 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,105 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,505 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,260 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,225 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,855 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 5,170 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 5,255 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 5,055 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 9,945 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 9,290 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 8,700 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 8,355 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 7,625 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 53,815 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,230 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,040 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 14,340 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 11,210 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 137,465 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,175 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,300 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,160 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,695 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 5,685 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,970 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 5,880 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 6,355 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 6,290 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 6,145 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 11,835 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 10,950 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 10,525 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 9,540 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 8,580 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 40,385 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 16,320 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 10,505 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 13,565 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 94,775 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,278 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,867 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 37,370 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,846 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,074 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 41,245 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 124,706 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,515 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 13,140 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,268 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,483 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.8 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 94,745 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 119,480 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,911 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 37,440 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 113,810 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,131 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 41,180 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 143,345 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 117,151 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 13,265 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 66,357 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,886 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 54,625 27,350 27,275 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 37,137 41,108 33,869 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,444 36,111 31,031 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 54,730 27,390 27,335 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 46,524 50,688 42,351 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,671 41,435 35,901 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 341,615 169,645 171,975 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 148,595 70,725 77,870 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 29,300 14,405 14,895 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 29,360 12,910 16,450 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 28,190 13,210 14,980 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 29,975 14,565 15,410 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 31,765 15,630 16,135 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 193,020 98,920 94,100 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 33,745 17,095 16,650 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 36,645 18,540 18,100 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 38,890 19,925 18,960 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 42,440 21,800 20,640 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 41,305 21,560 19,745 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 338,210 167,950 170,260 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 76,520 39,275 37,240 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 26,945 13,935 13,010 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 218,055 108,875 109,180 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 43,640 19,795 23,840 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 39,505 18,275 21,235 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 12,595 6,480 6,120 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 4,650 2,405 2,240 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 21,760 10,065 11,695 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 5,150 1,725 3,425 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.7 10.9 12.5 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 16.5 16.5 16.4 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 17.3 17.3 17.2 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 10.0 9.2 10.7 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.8 8.7 14.4 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 21,710 10,805 10,905 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 6,165 3,185 2,985 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 2,380 1,220 1,155 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 14,695 7,255 7,435 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 850 360 490 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 6.4 6.4 6.4 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 8.1 8.1 8.0 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 8.8 8.8 8.9 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.7 6.7 6.8 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.9 1.8 2.1 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 341,615 169,645 171,975 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 337,935 167,995 169,940 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 337,790 167,930 169,860 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 18,895 8,675 10,220 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 67,405 32,620 34,785 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 4,285 1,905 2,380 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 3,785 1,750 2,040 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 10 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 3,590 1,670 1,920 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 15 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 1,000 450 555 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 120 40 80 55 25 30
Woods Cree 185 90 90 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 2,290 1,090 1,195 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 210 80 130 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 205 80 130 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 345 105 240 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 345 105 240 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 345 105 235 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 10 0 10 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 0 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 85 30 55 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 125 50 70 55 20 35
Dakota 120 45 70 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 63,175 30,730 32,445 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,200 2,130 2,070 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 20 15 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 10 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 430 170 260 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 45 25 25 20 10 15
Oromo 105 40 70 245 140 110
Somali 295 115 175 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,860 1,990 1,870 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 280 120 155 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 2,805 1,505 1,300 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 445 210 235 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 200 95 100 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 100 50 50 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 375 165 215 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 245 120 120 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 20 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,520 755 770 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 40 35 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 1,455 715 735 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 11,305 5,340 5,965 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 65 25 35 530 215 310
Cebuano 775 335 440 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 100 45 55 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 260 125 135 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 110 45 60 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 70 30 40 855 365 495
Pangasinan 25 15 10 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10,865 5,130 5,735 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 30 20 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 135 55 80 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 190 90 105 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 10 10 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 100 35 60 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 890 500 390 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 40 20 25 510 250 265
Malayalam 410 230 180 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 325 185 135 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 195 100 95 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 34,425 16,890 17,530 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 150 80 70 1,640 840 795
Armenian 80 50 35 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 7,425 3,520 3,905 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 90 40 45 1,030 515 520
Latvian 45 20 20 555 290 265
Lithuanian 40 25 20 475 220 250
Slavic languages 7,375 3,495 3,880 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 10 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 150 70 85 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 40 20 20 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 245 140 105 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 140 80 60 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 50 25 30 400 220 185
Polish 880 440 440 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 2,110 1,045 1,065 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 355 185 170 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 65 25 45 1,525 770 750
Slovak 45 30 15 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 15 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 4,465 2,010 2,455 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 110 70 45 420 215 205
Celtic languages 75 50 25 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 10 660 395 265
Welsh 20 15 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 860 450 410
Germanic languages 8,000 3,780 4,220 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 490 260 235 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 130 85 45 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 570 300 270 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 15 10 10 465 230 240
German 6,650 3,080 3,570 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 20 10 10 405 210 195
Norwegian 150 70 75 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 95 50 50 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 0 20 545 270 275
Yiddish 10 15 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 155 95 60
Greek 415 180 230 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 13,060 6,850 6,215 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 11,935 6,255 5,680 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 2,105 1,165 935 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 1,150 560 595 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 3,095 1,650 1,435 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 15 10 0 415 215 200
Marathi 60 40 20 1,475 780 695
Nepali 330 175 160 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,640 2,005 1,635 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 115 60 50 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 275 165 110 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 5,135 2,570 2,565 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,195 630 570 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 90 55 35 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 225 120 105 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 915 475 440 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 135 65 70 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 6,090 2,875 3,220 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 535 260 270 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 575 260 315 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 700 355 340 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 4,430 2,060 2,365 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 380 245 140
Japanese 565 250 320 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 10 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 10 115 55 55
Korean 700 320 380 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 50 20 30 370 170 200
Mongolian 50 20 25 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,400 770 625 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 105 50 55 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 55 25 30 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 15 0 105 30 70
Ga 30 15 10 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 210 130 80 425 240 185
Lingala 40 25 15 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 65 25 40 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 15 15 290 125 165
Shona 65 40 25 415 220 195
Swahili 285 170 120 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 390 195 195 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 290 155 135 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 185 85 105 405 210 200
Dinka 55 30 25 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 130 55 80 325 155 165
Sign languages 815 275 545 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 425 140 285 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 390 135 255 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,365 3,585 3,780 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 7,070 3,440 3,630 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 2,275 1,085 1,190 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 5,090 2,460 2,630 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 45 60 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 15 25 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 375 195 180 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 295 150 150 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 110 50 55 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 180 85 90 955 485 465
Tibetan 15 10 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 230 90 140 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 150 60 90 1,630 735 890
Thai 100 35 70 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 360 180 175 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 20 10 0 945 510 435
Turkish 295 160 135 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 10 115 60 55
Uzbek 15 0 10 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 275 140 130
Uralic languages 670 325 345 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 10 0 10 780 350 425
Finnish 235 120 115 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 430 205 220 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 140 70 75 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 341,615 169,645 171,970 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 311,710 154,630 157,085 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 71,250 36,480 34,770 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 240,460 118,150 122,310 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 29,905 15,015 14,890 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 341,615 169,640 171,975 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 288,910 143,255 145,655 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 47,770 23,725 24,045 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 6,360 3,140 3,220 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 2,370 1,190 1,180 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 4,435 2,310 2,125 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 14,870 7,345 7,520 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 4,120 1,940 2,180 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 10,745 5,405 5,340 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 19,735 9,735 10,000 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,940 2,665 2,275 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 47,765 23,725 24,045 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 4,925 2,375 2,550 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 9,120 4,820 4,300 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 7,865 3,590 4,270 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 21,915 10,870 11,045 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 3,950 2,065 1,880 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 47,770 23,725 24,040 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 4,040 1,895 2,150 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 140 40 95 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 325 150 175 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 355 160 200 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 50 20 30 1,305 600 710
Haiti 25 10 15 570 250 315
Jamaica 285 165 120 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 345 170 175 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 95 40 60 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 55 25 30 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,570 705 865 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 790 400 390 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 9,495 4,905 4,595 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 230 100 130 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 160 105 55 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 65 30 30 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 945 465 480 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 195 105 90 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 135 85 55 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 415 265 145 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 220 115 100 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 455 220 235 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 615 325 290 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 165 80 80 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 435 215 225 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 295 125 175 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 245 130 120 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 1,270 640 635 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,795 1,475 1,325 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 860 435 430 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 4,010 2,010 2,000 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 15 10 0 485 310 175
Egypt 190 95 95 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 280 105 165 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 195 100 90 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 105 45 55 985 535 455
Nigeria 640 315 325 1,740 925 815
Somalia 140 60 85 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 620 325 300 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 1,830 960 870 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 29,900 14,765 15,135 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 195 65 130 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 1,625 870 755 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,880 1,810 2,080 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 350 180 175 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 3,640 1,920 1,720 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 550 315 230 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 965 485 475 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 130 35 100 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 415 190 230 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 95 55 45 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 3,720 1,905 1,810 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 10,290 4,855 5,440 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 295 165 130 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 625 345 280 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 90 35 55 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 1,300 670 630 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,730 870 860 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 315 155 165 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 19,735 9,735 10,000 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 965 455 510 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 40 10 30 1,145 525 615
Colombia 60 30 30 580 250 325
Cuba 10 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 185 110 80 625 355 265
Mexico 180 95 80 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 210 90 120 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 0 20 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 250 105 145 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 1,955 975 980 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 20 0 15 970 510 460
Germany 45 30 15 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 280 195 85 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 60 30 35 245 120 125
Romania 80 25 55 690