Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver Island and Coast [Economic region], British Columbia and Lower Mainland--Southwest [Economic region], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver Island and Coast
British Columbia
[Economic region]
Lower Mainland--Southwest
British Columbia
[Economic region]
Data quality , Vancouver Island and Coast [Economic region], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver Island and Coast [Economic region], British Columbia Data quality : Lower Mainland--Southwest [Economic region], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 799,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,832,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 759,366  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,657,713 revised. The 2011 count for this area has been revised. r  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 383,244  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,185,037  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 352,716  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,099,698  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 9.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 84,231.61  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,303.31  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 799,400 388,510 410,890 2,832,000 1,385,250 1,446,745
0 to 14 years 108,085 55,205 52,875 426,565 220,025 206,535
0 to 4 years 34,070 17,360 16,710 137,035 70,665 66,370
5 to 9 years 37,270 19,065 18,200 145,140 75,025 70,115
10 to 14 years 36,740 18,775 17,960 144,395 74,340 70,050
15 to 64 years 504,685 245,775 258,905 1,951,420 957,425 993,995
15 to 19 years 39,980 20,245 19,735 163,615 84,180 79,435
20 to 24 years 43,840 22,405 21,435 188,560 96,505 92,060
25 to 29 years 43,765 21,880 21,885 201,755 100,410 101,345
30 to 34 years 46,020 22,735 23,285 206,890 101,985 104,910
35 to 39 years 44,960 22,035 22,930 191,215 92,570 98,650
40 to 44 years 44,865 21,780 23,085 191,610 91,030 100,580
45 to 49 years 49,560 23,925 25,630 208,560 99,900 108,660
50 to 54 years 59,140 28,275 30,865 217,900 106,435 111,470
55 to 59 years 65,605 30,990 34,615 203,870 98,630 105,240
60 to 64 years 66,945 31,505 35,435 177,430 85,785 91,645
65 years and over 186,635 87,530 99,105 454,020 207,800 246,220
65 to 69 years 63,495 30,870 32,625 153,355 73,380 79,975
70 to 74 years 45,055 21,950 23,110 105,975 50,555 55,425
75 to 79 years 30,810 14,900 15,910 77,930 35,965 41,965
80 to 84 years 22,390 10,475 11,915 57,030 25,825 31,210
85 years and over 24,880 9,330 15,540 59,720 22,070 37,645
85 to 89 years 14,935 6,240 8,695 36,760 14,920 21,840
90 to 94 years 7,620 2,530 5,090 17,290 5,740 11,545
95 to 99 years 2,045 520 1,530 4,835 1,230 3,605
100 years and over 275 50 225 835 180 655
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.5 14.2 12.9 15.1 15.9 14.3
15 to 64 years 63.1 63.3 63.0 68.9 69.1 68.7
65 years and over 23.3 22.5 24.1 16.0 15.0 17.0
85 years and over 3.1 2.4 3.8 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 45.3 44.4 46.2 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 47.8 46.6 49.0 41.0 39.8 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 352,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,099,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 196,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 357,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 11,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 161,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 133,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 572,070  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 15,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 18,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 34,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 172,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 64,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 266,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 8,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 352,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,099,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 110,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 310,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 141,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 349,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 46,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 172,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 36,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 157,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 18,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 108,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 779,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,785,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 691,315 333,310 358,010 2,405,435 1,165,225 1,240,210
Married or living common law 403,135 201,150 201,990 1,375,715 685,820 689,895
Married 323,585 161,500 162,085 1,187,600 591,000 596,605
Living common law 79,555 39,645 39,910 188,115 94,820 93,295
Not married and not living common law 288,180 132,160 156,020 1,029,720 479,405 550,315
Never married 168,775 91,900 76,880 704,075 375,990 328,085
Separated 20,080 8,875 11,205 59,290 24,410 34,880
Divorced 56,370 21,965 34,405 147,960 55,515 92,445
Widowed 42,950 9,420 33,530 118,390 23,485 94,910
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 230,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 783,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 143,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 382,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 42,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 178,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 33,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 165,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 11,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 230,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 783,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 196,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 663,130  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 156,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 569,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 39,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 34,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 120,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 26,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 7,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 196,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 663,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 120,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 306,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 75,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 357,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 33,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 31,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 157,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 10,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 34,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 120,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 22,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 9,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 170,850 79,390 91,455 523,050 244,290 278,755
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 352,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,099,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 219,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 692,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 115,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 267,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 103,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 425,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 127,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 110,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 310,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 789,005 384,050 404,950 2,803,495 1,371,550 1,431,945
English only 718,300 352,455 365,845 2,463,925 1,224,910 1,239,015
French only 275 110 165 1,215 580 630
English and French 66,055 29,645 36,415 192,685 85,790 106,895
Neither English nor French 4,365 1,840 2,525 145,670 60,275 85,395
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 789,000 384,050 404,950 2,803,495 1,371,550 1,431,945
English 771,075 375,540 395,530 2,614,385 1,290,090 1,324,290
French 12,250 6,060 6,190 29,945 15,035 14,915
English and French 1,475 700 770 15,285 7,020 8,260
Neither English nor French 4,205 1,745 2,455 143,885 59,405 84,475
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,990 6,410 6,580 37,590 18,545 19,045
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 789,000 384,050 404,950 2,803,495 1,371,550 1,431,945
Single responses 780,020 379,845 400,170 2,719,185 1,330,900 1,388,280
Official languages 699,285 343,130 356,155 1,628,860 821,870 806,990
English 686,255 336,700 349,555 1,599,230 806,985 792,245
French 13,025 6,425 6,600 29,630 14,880 14,745
Non-official languages 80,735 36,720 44,020 1,090,325 509,030 581,290
Aboriginal languages 1,635 765 870 1,400 650 755
Algonquian languages 110 45 65 385 160 225
Blackfoot 0 0 0 20 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 90 30 50 270 125 140
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 5 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 15 5 10 45 15 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 20 5 5
Woods Cree 15 0 10 20 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 50 20 35 175 80 95
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 5 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 5 85 30 60
Algonquin 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 10 10 80 30 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 45 20 30 120 50 70
Northern Athabaskan languages 40 15 30 115 50 65
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 20 5 10 45 15 25
Chilcotin 10 5 5 30 15 10
Dene 15 0 10 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 10 10 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 5 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 5
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 15 5 0
Inuit languages 25 10 15 25 10 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 5 0 0
Inuktitut 15 5 10 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 5 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 5
Michif 5 5 0 10 10 5
Salish languages 705 355 350 560 280 275
Comox 80 45 35 0 0 5
Halkomelem 395 190 205 75 40 35
Lillooet 0 0 5 300 150 150
Okanagan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 5 15 15 5
Squamish 0 0 0 35 15 15
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 35 15 20
Salish languages, n.i.e. 140 80 65 95 50 45
Siouan languages 5 5 5 25 15 15
Dakota 5 5 5 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 30 5 20 100 40 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15 0 15 50 20 30
Nisga'a 10 0 10 25 15 15
Tsimshian 5 5 0 20 10 15
Wakashan languages 630 300 330 70 30 40
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 70 35 35 20 10 15
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 295 130 160 25 10 15
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 265 125 135 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 65 25 40 85 45 45
Non-Aboriginal languages 79,105 35,960 43,145 1,088,920 508,380 580,540
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,245 1,290 955 21,410 11,395 10,015
Berber languages 15 10 10 100 65 35
Kabyle 5 5 0 35 25 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 65 40 25
Cushitic languages 95 50 50 1,370 685 685
Bilen 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oromo 25 10 15 175 100 75
Somali 70 35 30 1,175 580 600
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 5 5
Semitic languages 2,130 1,230 900 19,900 10,620 9,275
Amharic 125 60 65 1,165 570 595
Arabic 1,675 990 685 14,875 8,035 6,840
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 635 310 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 435 240 200
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 160 90 75 1,805 985 825
Maltese 70 40 35 100 45 55
Tigrigna 85 40 45 705 350 360
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 145 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 45 25 20
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,095 970 1,125 25,495 11,685 13,810
Khmer (Cambodian) 230 115 120 1,255 570 685
Vietnamese 1,865 855 1,010 24,205 11,100 13,105
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 5,865 2,095 3,775 84,740 34,635 50,105
Bikol 20 5 15 320 140 175
Cebuano 385 130 255 3,340 1,325 2,015
Fijian 20 10 10 425 215 210
Hiligaynon 85 30 50 1,310 490 820
Ilocano 280 95 185 4,725 1,870 2,855
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malay 160 50 110 3,575 1,570 2,005
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 645 295 345
Pangasinan 10 5 5 275 120 155
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,780 1,715 3,065 69,045 28,155 40,895
Waray-Waray 20 10 10 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 880 380 500
Creole languages 70 35 35 690 355 330
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 30 20 10
Creole, n.o.s. 40 25 15 420 205 210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 245 130 110
Dravidian languages 470 255 215 6,425 3,395 3,025
Kannada 25 15 10 235 120 115
Malayalam 155 90 75 1,850 955 900
Tamil 175 85 85 3,320 1,720 1,600
Telugu 110 65 45 975 580 400
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 5 135 70 65
Indo-European languages 44,910 21,195 23,715 473,365 231,000 242,370
Albanian 140 80 65 1,225 630 590
Armenian 75 45 25 1,100 545 555
Balto-Slavic languages 7,720 3,505 4,215 61,285 28,650 32,635
Baltic languages 205 115 90 700 295 405
Latvian 120 65 55 355 160 195
Lithuanian 90 50 40 350 140 205
Slavic languages 7,510 3,390 4,120 60,585 28,355 32,230
Belarusan 10 5 5 65 35 35
Bosnian 50 20 30 1,225 610 610
Bulgarian 165 80 80 1,770 825 945
Croatian 825 410 415 5,645 2,735 2,910
Czech 755 360 395 4,025 1,925 2,100
Macedonian 40 20 20 255 125 135
Polish 1,815 835 985 12,975 6,090 6,890
Russian 1,605 660 950 19,060 8,655 10,410
Serbian 295 140 155 6,395 3,275 3,120
Serbo-Croatian 130 60 70 1,170 555 615
Slovak 290 135 155 2,610 1,165 1,445
Slovene (Slovenian) 190 80 110 605 285 320
Ukrainian 1,280 545 740 4,585 1,980 2,605
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 195 95 95
Celtic languages 170 85 80 350 185 160
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 25 140 70 65
Welsh 95 45 45 140 75 65
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 70 40 30
Germanic languages 18,500 8,580 9,920 52,285 24,765 27,515
Afrikaans 510 255 255 1,735 870 860
Danish 1,260 610 650 2,515 1,245 1,275
Dutch 4,865 2,290 2,570 11,210 5,405 5,805
Frisian 55 25 30 155 75 85
German 10,535 4,790 5,745 33,475 15,695 17,785
Icelandic 55 30 25 180 80 95
Norwegian 520 255 265 1,015 500 520
Swedish 525 230 295 1,490 650 845
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 50 55 230 115 110
Yiddish 55 30 25 225 115 105
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 40 25 15
Greek 515 310 205 5,095 2,640 2,455
Indo-Iranian languages 8,905 4,475 4,430 276,335 136,855 139,485
Indo-Aryan languages 7,690 3,840 3,850 231,470 114,305 117,165
Bengali 185 95 95 2,720 1,415 1,305
Gujarati 260 135 125 6,410 3,030 3,380
Hindi 790 425 365 25,065 11,975 13,090
Kashmiri 5 5 0 45 30 20
Konkani 15 10 5 230 115 110
Marathi 35 15 20 545 290 260
Nepali 100 55 45 950 500 445
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,800 2,825 2,975 183,165 90,735 92,435
Sindhi 70 40 30 1,595 740 855
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 50 45 1,515 755 760
Urdu 340 190 150 9,170 4,685 4,480
Iranian languages 1,180 615 565 44,500 22,360 22,145
Kurdish 15 10 0 1,715 910 805
Pashto 55 35 25 1,075 570 505
Persian (Farsi) 1,110 570 540 41,705 20,875 20,835
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 370 190 175
Italic (Romance) languages 8,890 4,120 4,770 75,690 36,725 38,970
Catalan 15 5 5 130 75 60
Italian 2,175 1,105 1,070 16,075 8,070 8,010
Portuguese 1,795 825 965 12,445 5,880 6,565
Romanian 425 200 230 7,790 3,800 3,990
Spanish 4,460 1,980 2,490 39,190 18,865 20,330
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 65 40 25
Japanese 2,205 660 1,545 17,795 6,085 11,715
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 65 35 25
Georgian 10 5 5 65 35 25
Korean 2,575 1,095 1,480 47,895 21,580 26,315
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 345 150 200
Mongolian 10 0 0 345 145 200
Niger-Congo languages 435 225 215 2,845 1,430 1,415
Akan (Twi) 35 20 15 420 230 190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 5 85 45 35
Ewe 10 5 5 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 20 15 5
Ga 10 5 5 30 15 20
Ganda 10 5 5 70 35 30
Igbo 25 10 15 165 100 65
Lingala 5 5 5 60 20 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20 105 45 55
Shona 30 15 10 160 70 85
Swahili 85 45 40 650 320 330
Wolof 15 10 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 40 20 25 225 130 95
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 55 70 670 305 360
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 15 5 305 155 155
Dinka 5 5 0 90 55 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 215 95 115
Sign languages 195 110 90 720 380 335
American Sign Language 80 45 35 300 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 120 65 50 415 230 185
Sino-Tibetan languages 15,070 6,730 8,335 390,745 178,580 212,160
Chinese languages 14,975 6,670 8,300 388,415 177,415 211,000
Cantonese 6,175 2,805 3,365 185,300 85,535 99,765
Hakka 75 20 50 2,210 970 1,245
Mandarin 7,495 3,285 4,210 176,645 80,060 96,585
Min Dong 5 0 0 225 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 295 125 170 10,765 4,800 5,965
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 55 80 4,360 1,920 2,445
Chinese, n.o.s. 785 370 415 8,710 3,945 4,770
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 100 55 35 2,330 1,165 1,160
Burmese 40 25 15 1,045 530 515
Karenic languages 10 5 5 785 380 405
Tibetan 45 25 20 275 140 135
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 220 115 110
Tai-Kadai languages 530 125 400 3,100 1,120 1,980
Lao 30 15 15 1,025 515 515
Thai 495 110 385 2,055 595 1,460
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 15 10 10
Turkic languages 240 145 100 3,785 2,080 1,700
Azerbaijani 20 15 10 500 275 220
Turkish 210 125 85 2,845 1,605 1,235
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 100 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 175 75 100
Uralic languages 2,110 985 1,125 8,670 4,040 4,630
Estonian 115 45 75 490 210 280
Finnish 715 295 420 2,205 905 1,300
Hungarian 1,275 640 635 5,970 2,925 3,050
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 395 210 185
Multiple responses 8,980 4,200 4,775 84,315 40,655 43,665
English and French 2,040 940 1,095 5,985 2,890 3,095
English and non-official language 6,485 3,045 3,440 74,945 36,180 38,765
French and non-official language 240 115 125 1,655 805 855
English, French and non-official language 210 95 115 1,735 780 950
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 789,000 384,050 404,950 2,803,495 1,371,550 1,431,945
Single responses 774,110 377,280 396,825 2,602,790 1,275,740 1,327,050
Official languages 745,480 363,935 381,545 1,945,020 966,960 978,060
English 742,060 362,305 379,755 1,935,230 962,115 973,115
French 3,420 1,625 1,790 9,790 4,850 4,940
Non-official languages 28,635 13,350 15,285 657,770 308,775 348,990
Aboriginal languages 140 75 70 160 70 90
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 30 10 20
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 20 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 20 5 15
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 5 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 70 35 35 55 30 30
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 40 20 20 10 0 5
Lillooet 0 0 0 30 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 5
Straits 25 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 5 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 20 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 10 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 10 0 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 55 30 20 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 0 0 0 5
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 15 5 0 0 5
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 25 20 15 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 5 20 10 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,490 13,280 15,215 657,605 308,700 348,900
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,095 560 535 12,260 6,145 6,115
Berber languages 5 5 5 40 20 20
Kabyle 5 5 0 20 10 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 15 10
Cushitic languages 45 15 25 700 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 80 40 35
Somali 30 10 20 610 270 345
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,045 535 505 11,515 5,805 5,705
Amharic 35 15 20 540 250 290
Arabic 885 465 420 8,995 4,560 4,430
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 205
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 65 30 35 795 410 390
Maltese 5 5 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 45 20 25 360 170 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,260 600 655 15,890 7,370 8,520
Khmer (Cambodian) 140 70 70 635 295 335
Vietnamese 1,120 535 585 15,240 7,060 8,175
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 2,105 905 1,195 36,345 16,075 20,270
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 80 35 45 1,120 505 615
Fijian 0 0 0 110 55 55
Hiligaynon 25 15 10 375 160 215
Ilocano 70 25 45 1,500 640 855
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malay 15 10 10 1,065 490 580
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 140 65 70
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,885 820 1,070 31,570 13,940 17,630
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 30
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 290 140 150
Creole languages 15 5 5 305 135 170
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 225 95 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 80 40 45
Dravidian languages 180 95 85 3,465 1,750 1,720
Kannada 10 5 5 95 40 55
Malayalam 75 40 35 950 480 470
Tamil 50 25 25 1,955 975 985
Telugu 40 25 20 460 250 205
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 60 25 30
Indo-European languages 11,195 5,325 5,870 250,500 121,860 128,635
Albanian 70 30 40 565 270 290
Armenian 20 10 10 525 230 290
Balto-Slavic languages 1,885 885 1,000 26,725 12,830 13,895
Baltic languages 5 5 5 165 75 95
Latvian 5 0 5 70 30 40
Lithuanian 0 5 0 95 40 50
Slavic languages 1,875 885 990 26,555 12,755 13,805
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 5 0 565 280 285
Bulgarian 70 35 35 940 435 505
Croatian 210 100 110 1,820 855 965
Czech 170 85 85 1,140 580 560
Macedonian 10 10 5 120 55 65
Polish 425 205 220 4,765 2,270 2,490
Russian 680 315 365 11,215 5,320 5,895
Serbian 75 35 40 3,500 1,775 1,725
Serbo-Croatian 35 20 20 440 205 235
Slovak 45 20 25 855 415 435
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 65 30 35
Ukrainian 110 45 65 1,090 510 580
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 35 15 15
Celtic languages 20 10 10 40 20 20
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 15 10 10
Welsh 5 0 5 20 5 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 1,935 930 1,005 6,425 3,000 3,420
Afrikaans 195 95 105 665 315 350
Danish 65 30 35 210 100 100
Dutch 395 190 205 1,015 470 545
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 1,175 575 600 4,105 1,895 2,205
Icelandic 10 5 5 55 25 30
Norwegian 30 10 20 75 35 40
Swedish 50 20 30 250 120 135
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 20 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 0
Greek 105 50 55 1,780 860 925
Indo-Iranian languages 4,555 2,205 2,350 182,115 89,165 92,955
Indo-Aryan languages 3,965 1,915 2,050 152,620 74,855 77,765
Bengali 85 45 45 1,595 785 805
Gujarati 70 35 40 2,790 1,235 1,560
Hindi 280 150 135 11,650 5,515 6,135
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 5
Konkani 0 5 5 40 20 20
Marathi 10 5 5 250 125 120
Nepali 40 20 20 560 295 270
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 35 20 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,220 1,530 1,685 129,170 63,680 65,495
Sindhi 15 10 5 595 255 340
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 10 615 300 315
Urdu 200 100 95 5,320 2,630 2,690
Iranian languages 580 285 295 29,305 14,210 15,090
Kurdish 5 0 0 1,055 535 525
Pashto 25 15 10 665 335 330
Persian (Farsi) 550 270 285 27,585 13,350 14,235
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 95 95
Italic (Romance) languages 2,605 1,205 1,400 32,330 15,490 16,840
Catalan 5 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 335 145 195 4,020 1,750 2,270
Portuguese 520 235 280 5,225 2,485 2,740
Romanian 130 55 75 3,520 1,695 1,825
Spanish 1,620 770 850 19,490 9,525 9,960
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Japanese 795 325 470 8,645 3,575 5,075
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 20 10 5
Georgian 5 5 5 20 10 10
Korean 1,705 780 925 35,705 16,415 19,295
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 165 75 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 80 90
Niger-Congo languages 100 45 55 765 345 425
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 125 70 60
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Edo 0 0 0 20 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 15 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 0 5 0 0 5
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 25
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 15 5 5 45 20 25
Swahili 20 10 10 165 70 95
Wolof 5 5 0 5 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 160 70 90
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 135 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 260 145 115 940 515 425
American Sign Language 65 35 35 320 160 155
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 190 105 85 620 355 260
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,240 4,240 5,000 287,365 131,920 155,445
Chinese languages 9,195 4,215 4,980 285,705 131,085 154,620
Cantonese 3,365 1,555 1,815 132,670 60,485 72,180
Hakka 15 5 5 680 280 395
Mandarin 5,205 2,365 2,840 139,860 64,645 75,215
Min Dong 0 0 0 60 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 95 40 55 4,665 2,120 2,550
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 35 40 2,500 1,150 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 445 220 225 5,155 2,325 2,830
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 25 20 1,660 835 825
Burmese 15 10 5 685 350 340
Karenic languages 0 0 0 705 345 365
Tibetan 25 15 15 180 95 85
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 140 60 80 1,140 500 640
Lao 10 10 5 435 210 225
Thai 125 55 75 695 285 415
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 65 30 35 1,590 830 760
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 180 95 85
Turkish 60 25 30 1,225 645 585
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 20
Uralic languages 330 155 175 2,190 1,035 1,155
Estonian 20 10 15 75 30 45
Finnish 100 45 55 495 225 275
Hungarian 210 105 110 1,620 785 835
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 115 55 65
Multiple responses 14,890 6,765 8,120 200,710 95,815 104,895
English and French 1,180 560 620 3,910 1,875 2,030
English and non-official language 13,360 6,050 7,310 193,705 92,555 101,150
French and non-official language 70 25 40 535 240 295
English, French and non-official language 285 140 145 2,560 1,135 1,425
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 789,000 384,050 404,950 2,803,495 1,371,550 1,431,945
None 735,095 359,655 375,440 2,249,180 1,108,510 1,140,675
English 14,155 6,685 7,470 244,785 118,650 126,135
French 9,555 4,225 5,330 22,820 10,360 12,455
Non-official language 29,185 13,030 16,155 277,825 129,870 147,955
Aboriginal 1,655 750 910 1,440 680 755
Non-Aboriginal 27,530 12,285 15,240 276,385 129,185 147,200
English and French 100 50 55 1,020 465 555
English and non-official language 325 160 170 5,060 2,370 2,690
French and non-official language 575 245 330 2,710 1,285 1,430
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 85 45 40
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 671,835 324,380 347,455 2,359,980 1,143,780 1,216,205
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 651,200 314,510 336,685 2,263,230 1,097,500 1,165,730
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,130 41,154 28,973 32,405 38,991 27,391
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 651,970 315,075 336,895 2,266,270 1,100,245 1,166,025
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,668 36,117 26,707 29,270 34,158 25,579
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 593,310 289,620 303,690 2,034,790 1,003,285 1,031,505
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,736 38,065 25,034 32,175 39,492 26,202
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 476,145 211,195 264,955 1,575,265 671,850 903,420
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,420 8,155 6,993 2,847 1,483 3,722
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 470,065 237,350 232,720 1,700,820 863,460 837,360
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,588 34,262 24,385 33,005 39,839 27,429
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 671,880 324,365 347,510 2,360,010 1,143,755 1,216,260
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 651,155 314,605 336,550 2,263,515 1,097,270 1,166,245
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,485 52,659 36,845 46,142 55,079 37,735
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 651,930 315,150 336,780 2,266,585 1,100,070 1,166,515
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,459 43,223 32,064 38,095 44,153 32,383
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 593,305 289,700 303,605 2,034,275 1,002,715 1,031,560
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,150 50,947 33,757 46,383 56,119 36,919
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 475,965 211,275 264,695 1,575,245 671,185 904,060
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,317 8,555 8,128 6,404 6,206 6,552
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 470,065 237,580 232,480 1,700,825 863,425 837,395
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,805 45,618 31,843 45,163 54,051 35,998
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 671,880 324,370 347,510 2,360,010 1,143,750 1,216,255
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 183,715 101,390 82,325 726,080 414,225 311,860
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,737 58,211 46,307 54,361 60,328 48,283
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,137 65,515 51,281 66,709 74,780 55,988
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.3 89.0 82.7 90.4 93.1 86.6
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 63.3 66.1 59.5 73.6 77.2 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.7 11.0 17.3 9.6 6.9 13.4
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 671,835 324,380 347,455 2,359,985 1,143,775 1,216,205
Without total income 20,635 9,870 10,765 96,755 46,275 50,480
With total income 651,200 314,510 336,685 2,263,230 1,097,505 1,165,725
Percentage with total income 96.9 97.0 96.9 95.9 96.0 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 84,555 35,770 48,785 379,360 161,345 218,020
$10,000 to $19,999 112,760 44,025 68,740 399,980 164,660 235,315
$20,000 to $29,999 93,885 37,930 55,955 290,520 122,995 167,530
$30,000 to $39,999 80,555 35,585 44,975 246,310 110,555 135,755
$40,000 to $49,999 69,080 32,485 36,595 216,680 102,005 114,670
$50,000 to $59,999 53,480 27,655 25,825 171,470 87,240 84,235
$60,000 to $69,999 40,895 24,170 16,725 133,090 74,720 58,365
$70,000 to $79,999 31,730 19,290 12,445 101,915 59,560 42,360
$80,000 to $89,999 23,715 14,945 8,765 80,390 47,760 32,625
$90,000 to $99,999 16,835 10,845 5,990 57,335 35,475 21,860
$100,000 and over 43,700 31,815 11,890 186,180 131,190 54,990
$100,000 to $149,999 30,825 22,170 8,660 121,035 82,855 38,180
$150,000 and over 12,875 9,645 3,225 65,150 48,335 16,810
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 671,835 324,380 347,450 2,359,985 1,143,775 1,216,205
Without after-tax income 19,865 9,305 10,555 93,715 43,530 50,180
With after-tax income 651,970 315,075 336,900 2,266,270 1,100,250 1,166,020
Percentage with after-tax income 97.0 97.1 97.0 96.0 96.2 95.9
Under $10,000 (including loss) 89,435 38,015 51,420 393,465 169,995 223,465
$10,000 to $19,999 118,710 47,280 71,430 418,950 175,390 243,560
$20,000 to $29,999 111,115 46,165 64,950 342,985 148,440 194,535
$30,000 to $39,999 93,150 42,280 50,870 290,545 132,940 157,605
$40,000 to $49,999 75,155 37,245 37,910 240,205 118,335 121,870
$50,000 to $59,999 53,805 31,180 22,625 174,880 96,725 78,155
$60,000 to $69,999 38,455 23,730 14,730 124,580 73,005 51,575
$70,000 to $79,999 26,390 16,570 9,820 89,825 53,595 36,230
$80,000 and over 45,760 32,610 13,145 190,840 131,820 59,020
$80,000 to $89,999 15,460 10,575 4,890 56,960 36,765 20,195
$90,000 to $99,999 9,270 6,605 2,665 36,120 24,605 11,515
$100,000 and over 21,025 15,430 5,590 97,760 70,450 27,310
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 671,835 324,380 347,450 2,359,985 1,143,780 1,216,205
Without employment income 201,770 87,030 114,735 659,160 280,320 378,845
With employment income 470,065 237,350 232,715 1,700,820 863,460 837,365
Percentage with employment income 70.0 73.2 67.0 72.1 75.5 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 89,855 43,955 45,905 244,220 109,730 134,490
$5,000 to $9,999 36,590 15,620 20,965 129,965 55,085 74,880
$10,000 to $19,999 62,925 27,000 35,930 230,480 101,020 129,455
$20,000 to $29,999 52,570 22,940 29,630 190,490 85,735 104,760
$30,000 to $39,999 46,485 20,470 26,015 176,405 81,450 94,955
$40,000 to $49,999 41,700 18,885 22,815 161,450 76,815 84,635
$50,000 to $59,999 33,405 17,230 16,175 129,645 68,330 61,315
$60,000 to $69,999 26,110 15,760 10,355 102,940 60,195 42,745
$70,000 to $79,999 22,190 13,715 8,475 81,320 48,935 32,380
$80,000 and over 58,225 41,780 16,445 253,910 176,170 77,740
$80,000 to $89,999 17,300 11,145 6,160 65,415 39,925 25,495
$90,000 to $99,999 12,040 8,115 3,920 46,105 29,835 16,275
$100,000 and over 28,885 22,525 6,360 142,390 106,410 35,975
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 352,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,099,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,402  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,196  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,602  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,053  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 110,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 310,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,372  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,889  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,199  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 242,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 788,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,542  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 352,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,099,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,123  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,234  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 78,518  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 110,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 310,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,809  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,938  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,547  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 242,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 788,785  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,603  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,122  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,804  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 352,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,099,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 6,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 16,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 14,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 16,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 29,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 26,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 75,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 21,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 18,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 99,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 375,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 36,150  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 23,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 82,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 23,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 16,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 352,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,099,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 6,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 18,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 17,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 19,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 19,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 51,270  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 26,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 18,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 71,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 287,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 32,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 17,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 69,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 21,035  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 228,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 752,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,058  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,677  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 114,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 262,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,534  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 83,407  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,693  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,424  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 76,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 355,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 111,233  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,763  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 96,154  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 31,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 107,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,944  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 48,241  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 228,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 752,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,911  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 113,507  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,831  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 114,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 262,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,667  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 106,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,776  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,973  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 76,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 356,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 123,837  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 133,464  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,503  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 109,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 31,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 107,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,377  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,761  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 57,086  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 155,285 72,720 82,565 445,180 215,390 229,790
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,365 31,392 29,657 31,939 33,649 30,619
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,637 28,242 27,213 28,854 30,052 27,923
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 154,860 72,355 82,500 444,385 214,355 230,025
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,463 41,493 37,683 42,880 45,497 40,441
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,858 35,035 32,826 35,905 37,587 34,337
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 779,590 379,415 400,180 2,785,950 1,363,490 1,422,460
In the bottom half of the distribution 398,200 188,090 210,110 1,368,265 652,270 715,990
In the bottom decile 91,095 44,045 47,045 341,810 163,715 178,095
In the second decile 79,855 35,935 43,925 265,710 122,465 143,240
In the third decile 74,855 34,950 39,905 248,540 118,045 130,495
In the fourth decile 74,930 35,590 39,335 252,745 121,750 130,995
In the fifth decile 77,470 37,570 39,895 259,460 126,290 133,170
In the top half of the distribution 381,390 191,325 190,065 1,417,690 711,220 706,470
In the sixth decile 78,230 38,340 39,890 263,840 129,595 134,245
In the seventh decile 79,250 39,555 39,695 270,630 134,665 135,960
In the eighth decile 79,895 40,205 39,685 280,375 140,545 139,830
In the ninth decile 78,070 39,660 38,410 292,430 147,565 144,870
In the top decile 65,945 33,565 32,380 310,410 158,850 151,565
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 761,425 370,245 391,180 2,765,265 1,353,365 1,411,895
0 to 17 years 126,165 64,350 61,810 516,045 266,115 249,925
0 to 5 years 39,555 20,090 19,465 163,605 84,390 79,210
18 to 64 years 463,670 223,885 239,785 1,826,895 890,630 936,270
65 years and over 171,590 82,010 89,580 422,320 196,615 225,700
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 113,365 52,635 60,735 447,165 210,170 236,995
0 to 17 years 24,300 12,605 11,695 96,245 49,470 46,775
0 to 5 years 7,825 4,040 3,780 28,685 14,645 14,035
18 to 64 years 68,775 31,800 36,980 282,590 131,785 150,805
65 years and over 20,290 8,225 12,060 68,325 28,910 39,415
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.9 14.2 15.5 16.2 15.5 16.8
0 to 17 years (%) 19.3 19.6 18.9 18.7 18.6 18.7
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 20.1 19.4 17.5 17.4 17.7
18 to 64 years (%) 14.8 14.2 15.4 15.5 14.8 16.1
65 years and over (%) 11.8 10.0 13.5 16.2 14.7 17.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 64,590 31,700 32,885 362,850 173,035 189,820
0 to 17 years 12,130 6,240 5,885 73,360 37,575 35,785
0 to 5 years 3,730 1,945 1,790 21,070 10,705 10,365
18 to 64 years 48,310 23,640 24,670 250,495 119,190 131,305
65 years and over 4,155 1,815 2,335 39,000 16,265 22,730
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.5 8.6 8.4 13.1 12.8 13.4
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.7 9.5 14.2 14.1 14.3
0 to 5 years (%) 9.4 9.7 9.2 12.9 12.7 13.1
18 to 64 years (%) 10.4 10.6 10.3 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 2.4 2.2 2.6 9.2 8.3 10.1
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 779,595 379,415 400,175 2,785,950 1,363,495 1,422,455
Official languages 775,195 377,555 397,635 2,640,970 1,303,270 1,337,695
English 774,955 377,475 397,485 2,639,805 1,302,720 1,337,090
French 65,610 29,245 36,365 192,705 85,720 106,980
Non-official languages 113,670 51,875 61,800 1,306,390 615,640 690,750
Aboriginal languages 3,335 1,575 1,760 2,870 1,285 1,590
Algonquian languages 255 140 120 550 220 330
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 115 95 355 165 190
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 50 25 20 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 10 10 20 0 15
Woods Cree 15 0 15 20 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 130 75 60 210 100 105
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55 35 20 160 40 120
Algonquin 10 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway 45 35 15 130 35 95
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 90 40 50 105 35 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 35 40 100 30 70
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 20 15 10 55 15 45
Chilcotin 15 10 10 0 0 0
Dene 20 0 15 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 10 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 10 0 10 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 10 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 10 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 25 10 15 70 40 30
Inuit languages 55 25 25 60 35 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 40 20 20 45 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 20 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 10
Michif 30 10 20 40 20 25
Salish languages 1,605 770 835 1,630 740 885
Comox 170 75 95 15 0 20
Halkomelem 765 375 395 270 95 175
Lillooet 10 0 0 735 375 360
Okanagan 10 0 0 35 10 25
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Squamish 10 10 0 275 120 150
Straits 355 160 200 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 10 55 25 30
Salish languages, n.i.e. 290 155 140 225 110 115
Siouan languages 10 0 10 35 15 20
Dakota 0 10 0 20 10 15
Stoney 10 0 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 30 15 20 190 80 110
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 60 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 30 40
Tsimshian 15 10 10 65 30 35
Wakashan languages 1,180 535 645 110 45 60
Haisla 10 0 10 30 10 25
Heiltsuk 90 40 55 15 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 530 230 295 55 40 20
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 540 255 280 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 85 35 45 90 50 40
Non-Aboriginal languages 110,405 50,325 60,085 1,303,630 614,405 689,225
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,055 1,720 1,335 30,405 15,945 14,460
Berber languages 10 10 0 135 90 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 65 50 15
Cushitic languages 130 55 80 1,880 875 1,010
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 10
Oromo 30 10 20 190 110 80
Somali 95 40 55 1,680 760 920
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 2,905 1,655 1,250 28,645 15,140 13,500
Amharic 150 65 90 1,775 915 860
Arabic 2,200 1,325 875 20,905 11,210 9,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 565 280 280
Harari 0 0 0 55 40 20
Hebrew 465 215 245 4,755 2,465 2,285
Maltese 85 40 40 205 105 100
Tigrigna 80 30 50 945 515 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 145
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 105 50 60
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,575 1,235 1,340 31,905 15,255 16,650
Khmer (Cambodian) 280 165 115 1,530 675 860
Vietnamese 2,305 1,075 1,230 30,450 14,600 15,855
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 7,790 2,695 5,100 110,050 45,925 64,120
Bikol 15 0 15 500 210 290
Cebuano 580 230 355 4,390 1,675 2,715
Fijian 45 30 15 1,015 595 415
Hiligaynon 125 30 95 1,420 620 805
Ilocano 445 150 290 5,790 2,255 3,535
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 10 10
Malay 465 175 295 6,565 3,110 3,460
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 10 20 810 355 455
Pangasinan 30 15 10 440 175 260
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,955 2,355 4,600 99,505 40,840 58,665
Waray-Waray 25 10 20 275 120 155
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 150 75 75 1,250 620 625
Creole languages 280 150 135 1,975 1,075 905
Haitian Creole 40 25 15 85 30 55
Creole, n.o.s. 115 70 45 1,130 615 515
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 45 80 775 440 340
Dravidian languages 610 325 285 9,165 4,855 4,310
Kannada 40 20 20 450 210 235
Malayalam 250 145 110 2,690 1,445 1,250
Tamil 255 130 120 4,990 2,605 2,385
Telugu 125 65 65 1,505 875 630
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 70 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 150 80 75
Indo-European languages 69,115 32,295 36,820 606,020 295,920 310,100
Albanian 155 100 60 1,345 685 665
Armenian 95 55 45 1,525 765 760
Balto-Slavic languages 8,850 4,085 4,760 70,430 33,565 36,865
Baltic languages 175 105 70 700 340 365
Latvian 90 50 40 355 190 165
Lithuanian 85 55 30 345 150 200
Slavic languages 8,680 3,985 4,700 69,925 33,325 36,605
Belarusan 10 10 0 210 100 115
Bosnian 90 30 55 1,905 960 950
Bulgarian 240 130 110 2,060 905 1,155
Croatian 1,295 645 655 8,215 4,035 4,185
Czech 1,040 535 495 5,110 2,410 2,700
Macedonian 35 25 20 350 185 165
Polish 2,020 920 1,100 14,920 7,050 7,875
Russian 2,420 1,045 1,375 25,195 11,850 13,340
Serbian 360 150 210 8,195 4,205 3,990
Serbo-Croatian 130 85 45 1,270 615 660
Slovak 320 165 155 3,395 1,615 1,775
Slovene (Slovenian) 185 75 105 810 365 445
Ukrainian 1,500 625 875 6,715 2,940 3,775
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 265 130 130
Celtic languages 360 170 185 1,275 690 580
Scottish Gaelic 165 85 80 375 240 130
Welsh 135 65 65 165 65 100
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 70 20 45 735 395 340
Germanic languages 25,600 11,990 13,615 74,345 35,630 38,715
Afrikaans 1,355 685 665 4,835 2,450 2,380
Danish 1,520 670 850 2,965 1,380 1,590
Dutch 5,500 2,595 2,910 13,630 6,490 7,145
Frisian 130 55 80 235 120 120
German 16,450 7,775 8,675 49,850 24,225 25,630
Icelandic 125 65 60 240 120 115
Norwegian 655 325 330 1,655 840 815
Swedish 875 375 500 3,150 1,365 1,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 160 80 80 265 135 135
Yiddish 95 40 55 400 190 215
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 90 55 30
Greek 865 465 395 7,620 3,910 3,710
Indo-Iranian languages 11,650 5,885 5,760 336,265 167,320 168,945
Indo-Aryan languages 10,145 5,125 5,025 287,450 142,700 144,750
Bengali 190 75 110 3,180 1,625 1,550
Gujarati 300 145 160 10,885 5,150 5,735
Hindi 2,750 1,435 1,315 75,365 36,670 38,690
Kashmiri 10 0 0 50 25 25
Konkani 25 15 0 375 185 185
Marathi 65 40 20 1,315 680 645
Nepali 150 50 95 1,205 600 600
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 7,870 3,925 3,945 224,725 112,300 112,425
Sindhi 85 35 45 3,160 1,355 1,805
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 45 2,275 1,175 1,100
Urdu 725 405 325 15,175 7,935 7,240
Iranian languages 1,505 760 750 49,840 25,165 24,670
Kurdish 25 15 10 2,145 1,140 1,000
Pashto 40 30 10 1,555 865 690
Persian (Farsi) 1,470 730 740 47,490 23,955 23,540
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 75 35 800 400 405
Italic (Romance) languages 24,540 11,000 13,535 128,015 60,770 67,250
Catalan 75 45 30 260 130 130
Italian 4,280 1,935 2,340 26,860 13,060 13,795
Portuguese 2,510 1,160 1,350 16,500 7,865 8,635
Romanian 465 230 240 8,915 4,380 4,540
Spanish 18,430 8,115 10,320 82,035 38,455 43,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 250 160 90
Japanese 4,150 1,755 2,395 30,230 13,165 17,075
Kartvelian languages 15 0 10 100 50 50
Georgian 15 0 10 100 55 45
Korean 2,785 1,265 1,525 52,875 24,230 28,645
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 335 160 175
Mongolian 10 0 10 335 160 175
Niger-Congo languages 1,055 530 525 6,235 3,245 2,995
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 510 290 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 15 10
Edo 0 0 10 130 75 60
Ewe 15 10 10 115 75 40
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 50 15 40
Ga 15 10 10 95 60 35
Ganda 45 20 25 115 60 55
Igbo 95 45 50 240 145 95
Lingala 30 15 20 240 110 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 10 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 30 40 210 95 115
Shona 95 65 25 285 130 150
Swahili 385 185 205 2,795 1,510 1,285
Wolof 0 0 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 150 80 70 620 315 310
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 220 105 120 1,455 680 775
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 345 170 175
Dinka 0 0 0 70 40 25
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 280 125 150
Sign languages 1,535 545 990 4,190 1,670 2,520
American Sign Language 765 235 525 2,340 830 1,515
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 785 310 465 1,915 860 1,050
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,760 7,625 9,135 435,155 200,830 234,325
Chinese languages 16,685 7,595 9,095 432,595 199,535 233,065
Cantonese 7,220 3,345 3,875 224,860 104,045 120,820
Hakka 90 35 50 2,575 1,230 1,345
Mandarin 9,970 4,430 5,545 252,570 114,045 138,535
Min Dong 10 0 0 125 60 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 425 145 275 15,800 7,005 8,795
Wu (Shanghainese) 160 65 100 5,405 2,355 3,045
Chinese, n.o.s. 780 340 435 8,995 4,120 4,875
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 75 35 35 2,845 1,425 1,415
Burmese 25 15 10 1,395 685 710
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 490 470
Tibetan 25 15 10 340 180 155
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 735 225 510 4,370 1,795 2,580
Lao 55 20 30 1,510 705 805
Thai 700 210 495 3,085 1,170 1,915
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 445 245 200 6,105 3,320 2,785
Azerbaijani 65 30 35 835 450 385
Turkish 375 215 160 5,005 2,710 2,295
Uyghur 0 0 0 110 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 250 135 110
Uralic languages 2,390 1,095 1,300 10,045 4,660 5,385
Estonian 135 65 75 545 225 320
Finnish 770 300 470 2,415 975 1,435
Hungarian 1,495 725 765 7,105 3,455 3,650
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 10 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 155 90 65 750 410 345
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 779,595 379,420 400,175 2,785,955 1,363,490 1,422,455
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 742,415 362,570 379,845 2,438,345 1,198,880 1,239,475
Canadian citizens aged under 18 126,545 64,655 61,885 478,730 247,515 231,220
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 615,870 297,915 317,965 1,959,615 951,360 1,008,250
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 37,180 16,850 20,330 347,600 164,620 182,980
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 779,595 379,420 400,175 2,785,950 1,363,495 1,422,455
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 647,265 318,280 328,985 1,642,775 827,820 814,950
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 122,590 56,355 66,235 1,060,950 495,680 565,270
Before 1981 65,425 31,160 34,265 234,190 112,395 121,790
1981 to 1990 12,685 5,535 7,150 128,370 59,885 68,480
1991 to 2000 13,805 5,995 7,810 261,075 120,580 140,495
2001 to 2010 18,905 8,250 10,655 285,550 131,230 154,325
2001 to 2005 8,030 3,455 4,575 132,730 60,770 71,960
2006 to 2010 10,875 4,795 6,080 152,820 70,455 82,365
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,770 5,415 6,355 151,770 71,595 80,175
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,740 4,780 4,955 82,225 39,990 42,235
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 122,590 56,355 66,235 1,060,955 495,685 565,270
Under 5 years 14,630 7,250 7,380 84,650 42,820 41,830
5 to 14 years 22,000 10,740 11,260 169,630 87,445 82,185
15 to 24 years 28,890 12,910 15,980 223,525 101,380 122,140
25 to 44 years 47,930 21,350 26,585 449,595 202,210 247,390
45 years and over 9,140 4,105 5,030 133,555 61,825 71,725
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 122,590 56,355 66,235 1,060,955 495,680 565,270
Americas 18,495 8,020 10,470 73,630 34,405 39,230
Brazil 340 140 200 3,155 1,295 1,860
Colombia 395 150 245 3,280 1,500 1,785
El Salvador 230 90 145 4,880 2,460 2,415
Guyana 140 70 75 1,005 470 535
Haiti 115 40 75 355 165 190
Jamaica 435 220 220 2,430 1,265 1,160
Mexico 1,085 440 640 8,415 3,660 4,755
Peru 235 90 145 2,790 1,185 1,605
Trinidad and Tobago 370 135 230 2,075 985 1,090
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 13,085 5,765 7,325 30,710 14,535 16,170
Other places of birth in Americas 2,050 875 1,175 14,530 6,880 7,655
Europe 64,655 31,170 33,490 195,870 96,100 99,775
Bosnia and Herzegovina 225 105 120 4,045 1,965 2,085
Croatia 775 400 375 4,215 2,140 2,070
France 1,120 495 625 3,780 1,975 1,800
Germany 7,210 3,355 3,860 16,720 8,055 8,665
Greece 380 230 155 3,030 1,600 1,420
Hungary 1,015 515 495 4,055 2,065 1,995
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 965 475 485 4,180 2,235 1,950
Italy 1,490 790 700 10,820 5,575 5,245
Netherlands 4,495 2,215 2,280 9,435 4,725 4,710
Poland 1,540 675 865 11,475 5,350 6,125
Portugal 965 485 480 4,850 2,415 2,435
Romania 530 265 265 7,685 3,715 3,970
Russian Federation 835 350 485 9,090 3,930 5,160
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 235 125 105 3,880 1,945 1,935
Ukraine 600 270 330 6,125 2,900 3,225
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 35,530 17,065 18,470 67,055 33,460 33,600
Other places of birth in Europe 6,745 3,365 3,380 25,425 12,045 13,385
Africa 4,875 2,405 2,475 34,215 17,305 16,910
Algeria 20 15 10 440 280 160
Egypt 270 170 100 2,260 1,225 1,040
Ethiopia 225 90 130 1,695 855 845
Kenya 310 125 180 4,245 1,975 2,275
Morocco 150 95 50 775 415 360
Nigeria 200 100 100 1,360 715 645
Somalia 55 30 30 1,020 485 535
South Africa, Republic of 2,325 1,125 1,200 9,070 4,675 4,400
Other places of birth in Africa 1,330 660 670 13,340 6,690 6,655
Asia 31,910 13,505 18,405 731,625 335,645 395,985
Afghanistan 75 45 30 4,910 2,475 2,435
Bangladesh 105 50 50 1,870 950 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 7,095 3,025 4,070 190,400 85,025 105,380
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,520 720 800 72,080