Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver Island and Coast [Economic region], British Columbia and Saskatchewan [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver Island and Coast
British Columbia
[Economic region]
Saskatchewan

[Province]
Data quality , Vancouver Island and Coast [Economic region], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver Island and Coast [Economic region], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Saskatchewan [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 799,400 ... ... 1,098,352 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 759,366 ... ... 1,033,381 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.3 ... ... 6.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 383,244 ... ... 495,582 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 352,716 ... ... 432,622 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 9.5 ... ... 1.9 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 84,231.61 ... ... 588,243.54 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 799,400 388,510 410,890 1,098,350 545,785 552,565
0 to 14 years 108,085 55,205 52,875 215,685 110,410 105,275
0 to 4 years 34,070 17,360 16,710 73,130 37,335 35,795
5 to 9 years 37,270 19,065 18,200 74,460 38,155 36,305
10 to 14 years 36,740 18,775 17,960 68,095 34,920 33,175
15 to 64 years 504,685 245,775 258,905 712,240 358,110 354,130
15 to 19 years 39,980 20,245 19,735 67,660 34,675 32,980
20 to 24 years 43,840 22,405 21,435 70,060 36,075 33,985
25 to 29 years 43,765 21,880 21,885 77,525 39,290 38,235
30 to 34 years 46,020 22,735 23,285 77,520 38,610 38,915
35 to 39 years 44,960 22,035 22,930 71,590 35,940 35,650
40 to 44 years 44,865 21,780 23,085 64,950 32,515 32,440
45 to 49 years 49,560 23,925 25,630 63,580 31,780 31,795
50 to 54 years 59,140 28,275 30,865 75,245 37,230 38,015
55 to 59 years 65,605 30,990 34,615 76,195 38,070 38,125
60 to 64 years 66,945 31,505 35,435 67,915 33,935 33,985
65 years and over 186,635 87,530 99,105 170,425 77,265 93,160
65 to 69 years 63,495 30,870 32,625 53,230 26,285 26,945
70 to 74 years 45,055 21,950 23,110 37,740 18,225 19,510
75 to 79 years 30,810 14,900 15,910 29,400 13,415 15,985
80 to 84 years 22,390 10,475 11,915 23,115 9,945 13,170
85 years and over 24,880 9,330 15,540 26,940 9,395 17,550
85 to 89 years 14,935 6,240 8,695 16,280 6,305 9,975
90 to 94 years 7,620 2,530 5,090 8,000 2,515 5,485
95 to 99 years 2,045 520 1,530 2,290 520 1,760
100 years and over 275 50 225 375 50 325
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.5 14.2 12.9 19.6 20.2 19.1
15 to 64 years 63.1 63.3 63.0 64.8 65.6 64.1
65 years and over 23.3 22.5 24.1 15.5 14.2 16.9
85 years and over 3.1 2.4 3.8 2.5 1.7 3.2
Average age of the population 45.3 44.4 46.2 39.1 38.2 40.0
Median age of the population 47.8 46.6 49.0 37.8 36.9 38.7
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 352,720 ... ... 432,620 ... ...
Single-detached house 196,305 ... ... 314,340 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 11,955 ... ... 10,520 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 133,990 ... ... 98,435 ... ...
Semi-detached house 15,035 ... ... 12,705 ... ...
Row house 18,695 ... ... 18,535 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 34,830 ... ... 9,385 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 64,650 ... ... 57,115 ... ...
Other single-attached house 780 ... ... 700 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10,465 ... ... 9,325 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 352,715 ... ... 432,625 ... ...
1 person 110,495 ... ... 121,175 ... ...
2 persons 141,325 ... ... 153,610 ... ...
3 persons 46,025 ... ... 60,240 ... ...
4 persons 36,170 ... ... 56,080 ... ...
5 or more persons 18,700 ... ... 41,520 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 779,595 ... ... 1,070,560 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 691,315 333,310 358,010 882,670 435,375 447,290
Married or living common law 403,135 201,150 201,990 520,430 261,075 259,355
Married 323,585 161,500 162,085 437,875 219,800 218,075
Living common law 79,555 39,645 39,910 82,550 41,270 41,280
Not married and not living common law 288,180 132,160 156,020 362,240 174,310 187,930
Never married 168,775 91,900 76,880 242,070 133,750 108,325
Separated 20,080 8,875 11,205 19,795 8,945 10,855
Divorced 56,370 21,965 34,405 47,180 20,985 26,200
Widowed 42,950 9,420 33,530 53,190 10,635 42,555
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 230,590 ... ... 302,260 ... ...
2 persons 143,165 ... ... 157,195 ... ...
3 persons 42,540 ... ... 58,770 ... ...
4 persons 33,345 ... ... 54,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,535 ... ... 32,170 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 230,590 ... ... 302,260 ... ...
Total couple families 196,580 ... ... 252,765 ... ...
Married couples 156,805 ... ... 211,500 ... ...
Common-law couples 39,775 ... ... 41,265 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 34,010 ... ... 49,495 ... ...
Female parent 26,090 ... ... 38,165 ... ...
Male parent 7,920 ... ... 11,330 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 196,580 ... ... 252,770 ... ...
Couples without children 120,960 ... ... 129,085 ... ...
Couples with children 75,625 ... ... 123,685 ... ...
1 child 33,495 ... ... 45,495 ... ...
2 children 31,240 ... ... 49,035 ... ...
3 or more children 10,880 ... ... 29,150 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 34,005 ... ... 49,490 ... ...
1 child 22,205 ... ... 28,110 ... ...
2 children 9,045 ... ... 13,280 ... ...
3 or more children 2,760 ... ... 8,105 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 170,850 79,390 91,455 187,765 95,550 92,210
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 352,715 ... ... 432,620 ... ...
One-census-family households 219,680 ... ... 285,675 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 115,925 ... ... 124,620 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 103,760 ... ... 161,055 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,365 ... ... 7,975 ... ...
Non-census-family households 127,675 ... ... 138,965 ... ...
One-person households 110,495 ... ... 121,175 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,180 ... ... 17,795 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 789,005 384,050 404,950 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
English only 718,300 352,455 365,845 1,023,400 511,940 511,460
French only 275 110 165 535 255 280
English and French 66,055 29,645 36,415 51,360 23,290 28,065
Neither English nor French 4,365 1,840 2,525 7,945 3,620 4,325
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 789,000 384,050 404,950 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
English 771,075 375,540 395,530 1,060,225 528,155 532,075
French 12,250 6,060 6,190 13,555 6,590 6,960
English and French 1,475 700 770 1,770 890 885
Neither English nor French 4,205 1,745 2,455 7,685 3,475 4,220
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,990 6,410 6,580 14,435 7,035 7,405
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.3 1.3 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 789,000 384,050 404,950 1,083,240 539,105 544,135
Single responses 780,020 379,845 400,170 1,064,675 530,145 534,530
Official languages 699,285 343,130 356,155 907,715 452,955 454,760
English 686,255 336,700 349,555 892,615 445,635 446,985
French 13,025 6,425 6,600 15,100 7,320 7,775
Non-official languages 80,735 36,720 44,020 156,960 77,195 79,770
Aboriginal languages 1,635 765 870 28,340 13,685 14,660
Algonquian languages 110 45 65 19,965 9,640 10,325
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 90 30 50 19,015 9,190 9,825
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 5 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 5 0 30 15 10
Plains Cree 15 5 10 2,080 975 1,105
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 250 115 135
Woods Cree 15 0 10 780 370 410
Cree, n.o.s. 50 20 35 15,860 7,710 8,155
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Malecite 5 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 5 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 5 935 445 490
Algonquin 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 10 10 925 440 485
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 45 20 30 7,860 3,800 4,060
Northern Athabaskan languages 40 15 30 7,860 3,805 4,055
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 20 5 10 0 0 0
Chilcotin 10 5 5 0 0 0
Dene 15 0 10 7,855 3,800 4,055
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 25 10 15 35 10 20
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 5 5 0
Inuktitut 15 5 10 20 10 15
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 5 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 5 5 0 235 110 125
Salish languages 705 355 350 5 5 0
Comox 80 45 35 0 0 0
Halkomelem 395 190 205 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 5 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 5 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 80 40 40 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 140 80 65 0 0 0
Siouan languages 5 5 5 230 110 120
Dakota 5 5 5 195 85 105
Stoney 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tlingit 0 0 5 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 30 5 20 5 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15 0 15 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 0 10 5 0 0
Tsimshian 5 5 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages 630 300 330 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 70 35 35 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 295 130 160 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 265 125 135 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 65 25 40 10 5 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 79,105 35,960 43,145 128,620 63,510 65,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,245 1,290 955 6,770 3,560 3,215
Berber languages 15 10 10 10 5 0
Kabyle 5 5 0 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 10 5 0
Cushitic languages 95 50 50 1,050 505 545
Bilen 0 0 0 55 25 30
Oromo 25 10 15 195 100 90
Somali 70 35 30 775 355 415
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 15 10
Semitic languages 2,130 1,230 900 5,685 3,035 2,650
Amharic 125 60 65 290 140 155
Arabic 1,675 990 685 4,040 2,200 1,840
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 305 160 145
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 150 75 75
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hebrew 160 90 75 75 45 30
Maltese 70 40 35 10 5 5
Tigrigna 85 40 45 680 340 340
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 130 65 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 15 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,095 970 1,125 2,560 1,250 1,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 230 115 120 135 70 70
Vietnamese 1,865 855 1,010 2,420 1,180 1,235
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 5,865 2,095 3,775 23,415 11,130 12,280
Bikol 20 5 15 85 40 40
Cebuano 385 130 255 1,545 685 855
Fijian 20 10 10 25 20 5
Hiligaynon 85 30 50 255 120 140
Ilocano 280 95 185 790 370 415
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 160 50 110 125 55 70
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 175 80 95
Pangasinan 10 5 5 40 15 25
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,780 1,715 3,065 20,045 9,590 10,455
Waray-Waray 20 10 10 60 30 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 265 125 140
Creole languages 70 35 35 220 105 120
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 5 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 40 25 15 150 70 80
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 65 30 35
Dravidian languages 470 255 215 1,560 865 700
Kannada 25 15 10 60 35 30
Malayalam 155 90 75 850 455 395
Tamil 175 85 85 350 200 150
Telugu 110 65 45 285 165 120
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 10 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 44,910 21,195 23,715 73,170 36,230 36,930
Albanian 140 80 65 380 190 190
Armenian 75 45 25 70 40 30
Balto-Slavic languages 7,720 3,505 4,215 18,460 8,490 9,970
Baltic languages 205 115 90 175 85 90
Latvian 120 65 55 100 45 50
Lithuanian 90 50 40 75 40 35
Slavic languages 7,510 3,390 4,120 18,285 8,400 9,885
Belarusan 10 5 5 0 0 0
Bosnian 50 20 30 225 110 120
Bulgarian 165 80 80 65 35 30
Croatian 825 410 415 455 240 220
Czech 755 360 395 235 115 125
Macedonian 40 20 20 55 30 30
Polish 1,815 835 985 1,865 850 1,015
Russian 1,605 660 950 3,045 1,460 1,580
Serbian 295 140 155 465 235 225
Serbo-Croatian 130 60 70 120 60 65
Slovak 290 135 155 115 60 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 190 80 110 80 40 45
Ukrainian 1,280 545 740 11,270 5,035 6,230
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 290 145 145
Celtic languages 170 85 80 60 30 30
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 25 10 5 5
Welsh 95 45 45 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 25 10 5
Germanic languages 18,500 8,580 9,920 24,455 11,710 12,745
Afrikaans 510 255 255 880 450 430
Danish 1,260 610 650 255 145 110
Dutch 4,865 2,290 2,570 1,385 685 700
Frisian 55 25 30 30 20 10
German 10,535 4,790 5,745 21,320 10,150 11,170
Icelandic 55 30 25 55 20 25
Norwegian 520 255 265 310 140 165
Swedish 525 230 295 150 60 90
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 50 55 60 25 35
Yiddish 55 30 25 25 10 10
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 5 5 0
Greek 515 310 205 935 490 445
Indo-Iranian languages 8,905 4,475 4,430 22,335 12,065 10,270
Indo-Aryan languages 7,690 3,840 3,850 19,995 10,780 9,210
Bengali 185 95 95 2,795 1,495 1,300
Gujarati 260 135 125 2,510 1,420 1,090
Hindi 790 425 365 1,545 880 665
Kashmiri 5 5 0 20 10 10
Konkani 15 10 5 35 15 10
Marathi 35 15 20 140 80 55
Nepali 100 55 45 770 400 370
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 25 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,800 2,825 2,975 5,250 2,890 2,360
Sindhi 70 40 30 120 65 55
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 50 45 270 130 135
Urdu 340 190 150 6,520 3,380 3,135
Iranian languages 1,180 615 565 2,065 1,130 940
Kurdish 15 10 0 145 80 65
Pashto 55 35 25 555 315 235
Persian (Farsi) 1,110 570 540 1,370 735 635
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 275 155 120
Italic (Romance) languages 8,890 4,120 4,770 6,470 3,225 3,250
Catalan 15 5 5 5 0 0
Italian 2,175 1,105 1,070 705 365 340
Portuguese 1,795 825 965 615 265 350
Romanian 425 200 230 850 425 430
Spanish 4,460 1,980 2,490 4,290 2,165 2,125
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 10 5 5
Japanese 2,205 660 1,545 320 100 220
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 5 5 5
Georgian 10 5 5 5 0 5
Korean 2,575 1,095 1,480 1,670 800 865
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 40 20 25
Mongolian 10 0 0 40 20 25
Niger-Congo languages 435 225 215 2,310 1,235 1,075
Akan (Twi) 35 20 15 190 115 75
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Edo 0 0 5 35 20 15
Ewe 10 5 5 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 25 15 5
Ga 10 5 5 20 15 5
Ganda 10 5 5 35 15 20
Igbo 25 10 15 215 125 90
Lingala 5 5 5 30 20 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 145 85 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20 115 55 60
Shona 30 15 10 90 55 40
Swahili 85 45 40 425 220 205
Wolof 15 10 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 40 20 25 465 240 220
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 55 70 430 220 215
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 15 5 335 195 140
Dinka 5 5 0 115 70 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 220 120 100
Sign languages 195 110 90 200 100 100
American Sign Language 80 45 35 65 35 35
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 120 65 50 135 70 65
Sino-Tibetan languages 15,070 6,730 8,335 13,500 6,700 6,795
Chinese languages 14,975 6,670 8,300 12,460 6,165 6,290
Cantonese 6,175 2,805 3,365 3,775 1,830 1,950
Hakka 75 20 50 35 20 15
Mandarin 7,495 3,285 4,210 7,230 3,600 3,630
Min Dong 5 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 295 125 170 210 110 100
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 55 80 60 35 25
Chinese, n.o.s. 785 370 415 1,135 570 565
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 5 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 100 55 35 1,040 530 505
Burmese 40 25 15 180 115 65
Karenic languages 10 5 5 810 395 415
Tibetan 45 25 20 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 35 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 530 125 400 525 235 290
Lao 30 15 15 345 175 170
Thai 495 110 385 180 55 125
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 0 0 0
Turkic languages 240 145 100 360 185 175
Azerbaijani 20 15 10 25 10 10
Turkish 210 125 85 290 155 130
Uyghur 0 0 0 5 0 5
Uzbek 0 0 0 30 5 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 10 10
Uralic languages 2,110 985 1,125 1,555 735 820
Estonian 115 45 75 20 10 10
Finnish 715 295 420 205 85 120
Hungarian 1,275 640 635 1,330 650 685
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 100 55 45
Multiple responses 8,980 4,200 4,775 18,560 8,955 9,605
English and French 2,040 940 1,095 2,045 985 1,060
English and non-official language 6,485 3,045 3,440 15,925 7,675 8,245
French and non-official language 240 115 125 315 150 165
English, French and non-official language 210 95 115 280 145 135
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 789,000 384,050 404,950 1,083,240 539,100 544,130
Single responses 774,110 377,280 396,825 1,049,130 522,390 526,740
Official languages 745,480 363,935 381,545 968,625 481,845 486,780
English 742,060 362,305 379,755 964,640 479,915 484,730
French 3,420 1,625 1,790 3,985 1,930 2,050
Non-official languages 28,635 13,350 15,285 80,505 40,540 39,960
Aboriginal languages 140 75 70 16,605 8,355 8,245
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 10,145 5,185 4,960
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 10,000 5,105 4,895
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 1,195 580 610
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 95 40 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 180 100 85
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 8,525 4,380 4,145
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 75 65
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 145 80 70
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 6,360 3,130 3,235
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 6,365 3,130 3,230
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 6,360 3,130 3,230
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 45 20 25
Salish languages 70 35 35 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 40 20 20 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 25 10 15 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 50 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 35 15 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 55 30 20 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 5 5 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 15 5 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 25 20 15 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 5 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,490 13,280 15,215 63,905 32,185 31,720
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,095 560 535 4,625 2,340 2,290
Berber languages 5 5 5 0 0 0
Kabyle 5 5 0 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 45 15 25 720 335 380
Bilen 0 0 0 30 15 15
Oromo 5 5 5 140 75 70
Somali 30 10 20 530 245 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 15 5 5
Semitic languages 1,045 535 505 3,900 1,995 1,905
Amharic 35 15 20 150 75 70
Arabic 885 465 420 2,890 1,500 1,390
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 225 105 120
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 115 60 55
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 65 30 35 25 10 15
Maltese 5 5 5 0 0 0
Tigrigna 45 20 25 430 205 220
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 70 40 30
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,260 600 655 1,740 850 895
Khmer (Cambodian) 140 70 70 40 20 25
Vietnamese 1,120 535 585 1,700 830 865
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,105 905 1,195 12,515 6,210 6,300
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 80 35 45 580 280 295
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 25 15 10 110 60 50
Ilocano 70 25 45 240 115 120
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 15 10 10 35 20 15
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 70 35 35
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,885 820 1,070 11,345 5,630 5,715
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 95 50 45
Creole languages 15 5 5 95 35 65
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 65 25 40
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 35 10 20
Dravidian languages 180 95 85 845 440 410
Kannada 10 5 5 20 10 10
Malayalam 75 40 35 525 265 260
Tamil 50 25 25 155 90 65
Telugu 40 25 20 145 75 70
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 11,195 5,325 5,870 31,235 15,915 15,325
Albanian 70 30 40 205 100 100
Armenian 20 10 10 45 25 20
Balto-Slavic languages 1,885 885 1,000 5,170 2,560 2,610
Baltic languages 5 5 5 80 35 45
Latvian 5 0 5 40 20 20
Lithuanian 0 5 0 40 15 25
Slavic languages 1,875 885 990 5,090 2,525 2,560
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 5 5 0 85 45 40
Bulgarian 70 35 35 35 20 15
Croatian 210 100 110 170 85 85
Czech 170 85 85 30 20 15
Macedonian 10 10 5 35 15 15
Polish 425 205 220 480 220 255
Russian 680 315 365 1,725 875 840
Serbian 75 35 40 270 140 130
Serbo-Croatian 35 20 20 45 20 25
Slovak 45 20 25 30 15 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 5 5 0
Ukrainian 110 45 65 2,010 985 1,025
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 170 80 90
Celtic languages 20 10 10 10 5 5
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 5 0 5
Welsh 5 0 5 5 0 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 0
Germanic languages 1,935 930 1,005 8,110 3,990 4,120
Afrikaans 195 95 105 530 275 250
Danish 65 30 35 10 5 0
Dutch 395 190 205 200 110 95
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 0
German 1,175 575 600 7,290 3,565 3,725
Icelandic 10 5 5 0 0 0
Norwegian 30 10 20 10 5 10
Swedish 50 20 30 10 5 10
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 0 0 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 5 0 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 20
Greek 105 50 55 395 190 205
Indo-Iranian languages 4,555 2,205 2,350 14,385 7,560 6,825
Indo-Aryan languages 3,965 1,915 2,050 12,960 6,820 6,140
Bengali 85 45 45 1,915 980 930
Gujarati 70 35 40 1,585 865 720
Hindi 280 150 135 880 490 390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 5 5 10 5 5
Marathi 10 5 5 55 30 30
Nepali 40 20 20 570 290 275
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,220 1,530 1,685 3,485 1,885 1,605
Sindhi 15 10 5 55 25 25
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 10 140 70 70
Urdu 200 100 95 4,265 2,180 2,080
Iranian languages 580 285 295 1,280 660 615
Kurdish 5 0 0 65 40 30
Pashto 25 15 10 345 185 160
Persian (Farsi) 550 270 285 865 435 430
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 150 80 65
Italic (Romance) languages 2,605 1,205 1,400 2,920 1,480 1,435
Catalan 5 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 335 145 195 155 80 75
Portuguese 520 235 280 220 100 115
Romanian 130 55 75 315 165 150
Spanish 1,620 770 850 2,220 1,130 1,085
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Japanese 795 325 470 120 45 75
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Georgian 5 5 5 0 0 0
Korean 1,705 780 925 1,180 590 595
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 25 10 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 25 10 10
Niger-Congo languages 100 45 55 735 350 380
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 55 30 25
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 0 0 0 10 0 5
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 20 10 10
Ga 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 40 15 20
Lingala 0 0 0 15 10 10
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 85 45 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 5 35 15 25
Shona 15 5 5 35 25 15
Swahili 20 10 10 200 90 110
Wolof 5 5 0 0 5 0
Yoruba 10 5 5 115 55 55
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 100 45 55
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 135 65 70
Dinka 0 0 0 65 30 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 70 35 40
Sign languages 260 145 115 285 175 105
American Sign Language 65 35 35 50 30 20
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 190 105 85 230 150 85
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,240 4,240 5,000 9,700 4,835 4,865
Chinese languages 9,195 4,215 4,980 8,925 4,450 4,475
Cantonese 3,365 1,555 1,815 2,400 1,140 1,265
Hakka 15 5 5 5 0 0
Mandarin 5,205 2,365 2,840 5,645 2,865 2,780
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 95 40 55 80 45 35
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 35 40 30 15 15
Chinese, n.o.s. 445 220 225 760 385 380
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 25 20 775 380 395
Burmese 15 10 5 115 65 55
Karenic languages 0 0 0 640 310 335
Tibetan 25 15 15 10 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 140 60 80 190 85 105
Lao 10 10 5 125 60 60
Thai 125 55 75 70 25 45
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 65 30 35 195 100 95
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 5 5 5
Turkish 60 25 30 170 90 85
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Uralic languages 330 155 175 240 125 120
Estonian 20 10 15 10 0 5
Finnish 100 45 55 15 10 5
Hungarian 210 105 110 215 110 105
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 45 25 20
Multiple responses 14,890 6,765 8,120 34,110 16,720 17,395
English and French 1,180 560 620 1,210 575 635
English and non-official language 13,360 6,050 7,310 32,250 15,810 16,435
French and non-official language 70 25 40 150 85 70
English, French and non-official language 285 140 145 495 250 250
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 789,000 384,050 404,950 1,083,235 539,100 544,130
None 735,095 359,655 375,440 983,935 490,490 493,450
English 14,155 6,685 7,470 41,920 21,045 20,875
French 9,555 4,225 5,330 9,340 4,085 5,255
Non-official language 29,185 13,030 16,155 46,495 22,705 23,785
Aboriginal 1,655 750 910 13,490 6,445 7,050
Non-Aboriginal 27,530 12,285 15,240 33,005 16,265 16,740
English and French 100 50 55 170 85 85
English and non-official language 325 160 170 860 440 420
French and non-official language 575 245 330 495 245 255
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 671,835 324,380 347,455 857,270 424,245 433,025
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 651,200 314,510 336,685 822,620 407,715 414,905
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,130 41,154 28,973 38,299 46,117 31,978
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 651,970 315,075 336,895 822,745 407,730 415,015
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,668 36,117 26,707 34,570 40,492 29,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 593,310 289,620 303,690 750,515 378,290 372,225
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,736 38,065 25,034 36,883 45,587 29,314
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 476,145 211,195 264,955 550,165 236,760 313,405
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,420 8,155 6,993 5,340 4,200 5,870
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 470,065 237,350 232,720 636,955 331,975 304,970
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,588 34,262 24,385 36,612 44,551 30,027
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 671,880 324,365 347,510 857,300 424,265 433,030
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 651,155 314,605 336,550 822,545 407,840 414,705
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,485 52,659 36,845 49,409 58,791 40,184
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 651,930 315,150 336,780 822,655 407,855 414,800
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,459 43,223 32,064 40,933 47,453 34,523
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 593,305 289,700 303,605 750,475 378,445 372,035
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,150 50,947 33,757 48,491 58,779 38,026
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 475,965 211,275 264,695 549,500 236,590 312,910
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,317 8,555 8,128 7,734 7,322 8,045
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 470,065 237,580 232,480 636,950 331,745 305,205
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,805 45,618 31,843 46,853 55,728 37,207
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 671,880 324,370 347,510 857,295 424,260 433,030
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 183,715 101,390 82,325 302,780 173,250 129,525
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,737 58,211 46,307 55,368 62,070 48,579
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,137 65,515 51,281 64,855 72,366 54,808
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.3 89.0 82.7 89.5 92.8 84.8
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 63.3 66.1 59.5 73.2 76.8 68.0
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.7 11.0 17.3 10.5 7.2 15.2
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 671,835 324,380 347,455 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without total income 20,635 9,870 10,765 34,645 16,530 18,120
With total income 651,200 314,510 336,685 822,620 407,715 414,905
Percentage with total income 96.9 97.0 96.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 84,555 35,770 48,785 105,780 47,325 58,455
$10,000 to $19,999 112,760 44,025 68,740 118,380 46,195 72,180
$20,000 to $29,999 93,885 37,930 55,955 107,890 42,345 65,545
$30,000 to $39,999 80,555 35,585 44,975 95,605 41,315 54,295
$40,000 to $49,999 69,080 32,485 36,595 89,285 42,260 47,025
$50,000 to $59,999 53,480 27,655 25,825 70,395 36,950 33,450
$60,000 to $69,999 40,895 24,170 16,725 53,855 31,055 22,795
$70,000 to $79,999 31,730 19,290 12,445 41,930 25,290 16,645
$80,000 to $89,999 23,715 14,945 8,765 34,305 20,750 13,560
$90,000 to $99,999 16,835 10,845 5,990 26,165 16,100 10,060
$100,000 and over 43,700 31,815 11,890 79,030 58,125 20,905
$100,000 to $149,999 30,825 22,170 8,660 56,160 40,025 16,140
$150,000 and over 12,875 9,645 3,225 22,870 18,100 4,770
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 671,835 324,380 347,450 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without after-tax income 19,865 9,305 10,555 34,520 16,515 18,010
With after-tax income 651,970 315,075 336,900 822,745 407,730 415,015
Percentage with after-tax income 97.0 97.1 97.0 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 89,435 38,015 51,420 108,310 48,150 60,160
$10,000 to $19,999 118,710 47,280 71,430 123,690 48,420 75,275
$20,000 to $29,999 111,115 46,165 64,950 125,285 50,160 75,125
$30,000 to $39,999 93,150 42,280 50,870 119,460 54,365 65,100
$40,000 to $49,999 75,155 37,245 37,910 103,250 52,900 50,350
$50,000 to $59,999 53,805 31,180 22,625 73,855 42,315 31,540
$60,000 to $69,999 38,455 23,730 14,730 53,925 32,645 21,280
$70,000 to $79,999 26,390 16,570 9,820 38,615 23,385 15,235
$80,000 and over 45,760 32,610 13,145 76,345 55,395 20,950
$80,000 to $89,999 15,460 10,575 4,890 24,935 16,370 8,560
$90,000 to $99,999 9,270 6,605 2,665 16,260 11,815 4,445
$100,000 and over 21,025 15,430 5,590 35,155 27,210 7,945
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 671,835 324,380 347,450 857,270 424,245 433,025
Without employment income 201,770 87,030 114,735 220,320 92,270 128,055
With employment income 470,065 237,350 232,715 636,950 331,980 304,970
Percentage with employment income 70.0 73.2 67.0 74.3 78.3 70.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 89,855 43,955 45,905 82,210 38,805 43,410
$5,000 to $9,999 36,590 15,620 20,965 46,620 20,310 26,310
$10,000 to $19,999 62,925 27,000 35,930 77,480 33,900 43,575
$20,000 to $29,999 52,570 22,940 29,630 68,175 29,285 38,885
$30,000 to $39,999 46,485 20,470 26,015 66,120 29,825 36,295
$40,000 to $49,999 41,700 18,885 22,815 61,800 29,930 31,870
$50,000 to $59,999 33,405 17,230 16,175 51,075 27,565 23,510
$60,000 to $69,999 26,110 15,760 10,355 39,805 23,605 16,195
$70,000 to $79,999 22,190 13,715 8,475 32,265 20,015 12,255
$80,000 and over 58,225 41,780 16,445 111,405 78,745 32,665
$80,000 to $89,999 17,300 11,145 6,160 28,240 17,220 11,020
$90,000 to $99,999 12,040 8,115 3,920 21,415 13,645 7,770
$100,000 and over 28,885 22,525 6,360 61,750 47,885 13,870
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 352,715 ... ... 432,625 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,402 ... ... 75,412 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,602 ... ... 65,784 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 110,495 ... ... 121,175 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,390 ... ... 38,188 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,889 ... ... 34,099 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 242,220 ... ... 311,450 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,020 ... ... 94,530 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,542 ... ... 81,696 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 352,725 ... ... 432,620 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,123 ... ... 93,942 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,234 ... ... 77,837 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 110,500 ... ... 121,040 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,809 ... ... 48,880 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,296 ... ... 40,555 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 242,220 ... ... 311,580 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,603 ... ... 111,447 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,804 ... ... 92,320 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 352,715 ... ... 432,625 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,400 ... ... 6,930 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,815 ... ... 4,575 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,160 ... ... 7,675 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,300 ... ... 18,025 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 16,380 ... ... 18,845 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 14,550 ... ... 14,875 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 16,035 ... ... 17,700 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,500 ... ... 17,410 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,885 ... ... 17,345 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,575 ... ... 16,525 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 29,160 ... ... 31,595 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 26,450 ... ... 29,700 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,320 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 21,775 ... ... 25,810 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 18,820 ... ... 23,280 ... ...
$100,000 and over 99,585 ... ... 154,720 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 36,150 ... ... 48,375 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 23,755 ... ... 35,320 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 23,615 ... ... 40,875 ... ...
$200,000 and over 16,065 ... ... 30,160 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 352,715 ... ... 432,625 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,825 ... ... 7,355 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,905 ... ... 4,680 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,350 ... ... 7,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,925 ... ... 18,625 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 18,925 ... ... 20,275 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 17,710 ... ... 17,325 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 19,315 ... ... 20,700 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 19,220 ... ... 20,990 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,600 ... ... 20,395 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,065 ... ... 19,790 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,020 ... ... 37,680 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,105 ... ... 35,255 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 26,375 ... ... 32,575 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,525 ... ... 28,995 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 18,455 ... ... 25,545 ... ...
$100,000 and over 71,395 ... ... 114,570 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 32,450 ... ... 47,890 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 17,910 ... ... 29,680 ... ...
$150,000 and over 21,035 ... ... 36,995 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 228,665 ... ... 299,345 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,322 ... ... 93,747 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,677 ... ... 81,065 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 114,240 ... ... 122,845 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,534 ... ... 87,865 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,693 ... ... 75,765 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 76,255 ... ... 124,285 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,215 ... ... 119,530 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,763 ... ... 101,656 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 31,850 ... ... 44,110 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,330 ... ... 50,749 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,380 ... ... 47,776 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 228,760 ... ... 299,455 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,911 ... ... 111,031 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,831 ... ... 91,825 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 114,225 ... ... 123,045 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,667 ... ... 104,889 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,776 ... ... 86,074 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 76,425 ... ... 124,275 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 123,837 ... ... 135,718 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,503 ... ... 111,601 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 31,705 ... ... 44,125 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,605 ... ... 62,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,761 ... ... 54,678 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 155,285 72,720 82,565 161,805 82,400 79,405
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,365 31,392 29,657 35,875 40,000 32,247
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,637 28,242 27,213 32,415 35,306 29,777
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 154,860 72,355 82,500 161,560 82,510 79,050
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,463 41,493 37,683 45,756 49,739 41,598
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,858 35,035 32,826 38,229 40,766 35,581
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 779,590 379,415 400,180 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
In the bottom half of the distribution 398,200 188,090 210,110 506,055 243,040 263,010
In the bottom decile 91,095 44,045 47,045 111,770 55,530 56,245
In the second decile 79,855 35,935 43,925 104,900 46,610 58,285
In the third decile 74,855 34,950 39,905 94,035 44,535 49,500
In the fourth decile 74,930 35,590 39,335 96,045 47,015 49,030
In the fifth decile 77,470 37,570 39,895 99,300 49,350 49,950
In the top half of the distribution 381,390 191,325 190,065 564,505 290,345 274,160
In the sixth decile 78,230 38,340 39,890 104,200 52,705 51,495
In the seventh decile 79,250 39,555 39,695 109,400 55,670 53,725
In the eighth decile 79,895 40,205 39,685 115,215 59,255 55,965
In the ninth decile 78,070 39,660 38,410 121,965 62,875 59,085
In the top decile 65,945 33,565 32,380 113,730 59,840 53,885
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 761,425 370,245 391,180 1,014,605 505,225 509,380
0 to 17 years 126,165 64,350 61,810 230,205 117,925 112,275
0 to 5 years 39,555 20,090 19,465 79,345 40,700 38,645
18 to 64 years 463,670 223,885 239,785 631,280 316,125 315,155
65 years and over 171,590 82,010 89,580 153,120 71,180 81,950
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 113,365 52,635 60,735 130,220 60,375 69,845
0 to 17 years 24,300 12,605 11,695 41,010 20,960 20,050
0 to 5 years 7,825 4,040 3,780 15,420 7,850 7,575
18 to 64 years 68,775 31,800 36,980 67,080 31,315 35,765
65 years and over 20,290 8,225 12,060 22,130 8,100 14,025
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.9 14.2 15.5 12.8 12.0 13.7
0 to 17 years (%) 19.3 19.6 18.9 17.8 17.8 17.9
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 20.1 19.4 19.4 19.3 19.6
18 to 64 years (%) 14.8 14.2 15.4 10.6 9.9 11.3
65 years and over (%) 11.8 10.0 13.5 14.5 11.4 17.1
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 64,590 31,700 32,885 59,440 29,890 29,545
0 to 17 years 12,130 6,240 5,885 17,870 9,140 8,735
0 to 5 years 3,730 1,945 1,790 7,005 3,540 3,465
18 to 64 years 48,310 23,640 24,670 38,775 19,470 19,305
65 years and over 4,155 1,815 2,335 2,795 1,280 1,510
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.5 8.6 8.4 5.9 5.9 5.8
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.7 9.5 7.8 7.8 7.8
0 to 5 years (%) 9.4 9.7 9.2 8.8 8.7 9.0
18 to 64 years (%) 10.4 10.6 10.3 6.1 6.2 6.1
65 years and over (%) 2.4 2.2 2.6 1.8 1.8 1.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 779,595 379,415 400,175 1,070,560 533,385 537,175
Official languages 775,195 377,555 397,635 1,062,885 529,920 532,965
English 774,955 377,475 397,485 1,062,275 529,630 532,645
French 65,610 29,245 36,365 51,325 23,600 27,725
Non-official languages 113,670 51,875 61,800 187,450 91,805 95,645
Aboriginal languages 3,335 1,575 1,760 38,110 18,390 19,720
Algonquian languages 255 140 120 28,270 13,675 14,590
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 115 95 27,065 13,115 13,950
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 40 30 15
Plains Cree 50 25 20 3,665 1,770 1,900
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 10 10 470 185 285
Woods Cree 15 0 15 1,260 570 695
Cree, n.o.s. 130 75 60 21,870 10,695 11,175
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55 35 20 1,310 620 695
Algonquin 10 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 45 35 15 1,300 610 690
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 90 40 50 9,120 4,350 4,770
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 35 40 9,105 4,345 4,760
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 20 15 10 0 0 0
Chilcotin 15 10 10 0 0 0
Dene 20 0 15 9,105 4,350 4,755
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 10 0 10 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 10 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 0 10
Haida 25 10 15 10 0 10
Inuit languages 55 25 25 10 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 40 20 20 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 10 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 30 10 20 505 240 260
Salish languages 1,605 770 835 0 0 0
Comox 170 75 95 0 0 0
Halkomelem 765 375 395 0 0 0
Lillooet 10 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 10 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 10 10 0 0 0 0
Straits 355 160 200 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 290 155 140 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 0 10 510 255 250
Dakota 0 10 0 415 205 210
Stoney 10 0 10 10 10 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 30 15 20 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 15 10 10 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 1,180 535 645 0 0 0
Haisla 10 0 10 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 90 40 55 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 530 230 295 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 540 255 280 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 85 35 45 30 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 110,405 50,325 60,085 149,475 73,470 76,000
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,055 1,720 1,335 8,595 4,585 4,015
Berber languages 10 10 0 40 35 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 10 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 30 25 0
Cushitic languages 130 55 80 1,305 620 690
Bilen 0 0 0 85 40 45
Oromo 30 10 20 160 70 90
Somali 95 40 55 1,090 520 570
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 0 0 0
Semitic languages 2,905 1,655 1,250 7,500 4,075 3,425
Amharic 150 65 90 545 255 290
Arabic 2,200 1,325 875 5,605 3,165 2,435
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 505 240 265
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 195 95 100
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 465 215 245 470 245 230
Maltese 85 40 40 0 0 0
Tigrigna 80 30 50 705 350 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 120 125
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 70 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,575 1,235 1,340 3,315 1,685 1,635
Khmer (Cambodian) 280 165 115 210 105 105
Vietnamese 2,305 1,075 1,230 3,105 1,580 1,525
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 7,790 2,695 5,100 29,705 14,065 15,640
Bikol 15 0 15 90 30 55
Cebuano 580 230 355 2,115 945 1,170
Fijian 45 30 15 20 10 10
Hiligaynon 125 30 95 285 130 150
Ilocano 445 150 290 785 365 415
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 465 175 295 215 95 115
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 10 20 265 130 135
Pangasinan 30 15 10 45 25 20
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,955 2,355 4,600 28,655 13,575 15,080
Waray-Waray 25 10 20 35 25 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 150 75 75 300 145 155
Creole languages 280 150 135 495 230 270
Haitian Creole 40 25 15 10 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 115 70 45 240 95 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 45 80 250 125 120
Dravidian languages 610 325 285 2,190 1,205 980
Kannada 40 20 20 115 65 55
Malayalam 250 145 110 1,170 625 540
Tamil 255 130 120 635 345 290
Telugu 125 65 65 435 270 165
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 15 0 15
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 69,115 32,295 36,820 81,985 40,685 41,300
Albanian 155 100 60 560 275 285
Armenian 95 55 45 115 65 45
Balto-Slavic languages 8,850 4,085 4,760 20,395 9,470 10,925
Baltic languages 175 105 70 225 120 110
Latvian 90 50 40 135 60 70
Lithuanian 85 55 30 95 60 35
Slavic languages 8,680 3,985 4,700 20,265 9,400 10,860
Belarusan 10 10 0 20 0 15
Bosnian 90 30 55 325 155 165
Bulgarian 240 130 110 75 40 35
Croatian 1,295 645 655 605 355 250
Czech 1,040 535 495 300 155 150
Macedonian 35 25 20 65 35 35
Polish 2,020 920 1,100 2,185 1,040 1,145
Russian 2,420 1,045 1,375 5,275 2,585 2,690
Serbian 360 150 210 790 410 385
Serbo-Croatian 130 85 45 80 30 50
Slovak 320 165 155 125 85 40
Slovene (Slovenian) 185 75 105 105 50 50
Ukrainian 1,500 625 875 13,090 5,770 7,325
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 345 205 140
Celtic languages 360 170 185 165 105 65
Scottish Gaelic 165 85 80 55 35 25
Welsh 135 65 65 50 30 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 70 20 45 70 45 20
Germanic languages 25,600 11,990 13,615 21,275 10,435 10,840
Afrikaans 1,355 685 665 1,455 750 705
Danish 1,520 670 850 320 195 125
Dutch 5,500 2,595 2,910 1,510 720 790
Frisian 130 55 80 25 15 15
German 16,450 7,775 8,675 17,390 8,525 8,870
Icelandic 125 65 60 70 40 30
Norwegian 655 325 330 415 180 235
Swedish 875 375 500 230 95 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 160 80 80 80 25 50
Yiddish 95 40 55 75 35 30
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 265 135 125
Greek 865 465 395 1,470 725 745
Indo-Iranian languages 11,650 5,885 5,760 27,395 14,650 12,740
Indo-Aryan languages 10,145 5,125 5,025 25,355 13,530 11,825
Bengali 190 75 110 3,520 1,895 1,620
Gujarati 300 145 160 3,320 1,760 1,555
Hindi 2,750 1,435 1,315 8,040 4,480 3,560
Kashmiri 10 0 0 40 25 20
Konkani 25 15 0 40 30 15
Marathi 65 40 20 185 120 70
Nepali 150 50 95 835 435 400
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 25 15 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 7,870 3,925 3,945 8,300 4,635 3,665
Sindhi 85 35 45 180 105 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 45 355 205 150
Urdu 725 405 325 9,455 4,815 4,635
Iranian languages 1,505 760 750 2,285 1,240 1,040
Kurdish 25 15 10 145 90 60
Pashto 40 30 10 555 315 240
Persian (Farsi) 1,470 730 740 1,630 870 760
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 75 35 275 135 140
Italic (Romance) languages 24,540 11,000 13,535 12,660 6,085 6,570
Catalan 75 45 30 0 10 0
Italian 4,280 1,935 2,340 1,360 670 690
Portuguese 2,510 1,160 1,350 885 380 505
Romanian 465 230 240 1,105 525 575
Spanish 18,430 8,115 10,320 9,605 4,635 4,965
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 40 30 10
Japanese 4,150 1,755 2,395 1,205 540 665
Kartvelian languages 15 0 10 15 0 15
Georgian 15 0 10 15 0 10
Korean 2,785 1,265 1,525 1,930 850 1,080
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 55 20 30
Mongolian 10 0 10 60 25 30
Niger-Congo languages 1,055 530 525 4,125 2,245 1,885
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 355 185 170
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 10
Edo 0 0 10 20 0 20
Ewe 15 10 10 100 45 55
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 60 45 15
Ga 15 10 10 45 25 15
Ganda 45 20 25 20 10 10
Igbo 95 45 50 625 325 300
Lingala 30 15 20 140 70 65
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 10 280 150 130
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 30 40 125 65 55
Shona 95 65 25 150 90 55
Swahili 385 185 205 950 570 380
Wolof 0 0 10 40 25 15
Yoruba 150 80 70 965 470 495
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 220 105 120 815 480 335
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 300 150 145
Dinka 0 0 0 100 65 40
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 195 90 105
Sign languages 1,535 545 990 1,565 585 985
American Sign Language 765 235 525 650 215 435
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 785 310 465 915 365 545
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,760 7,625 9,135 14,580 7,115 7,470
Chinese languages 16,685 7,595 9,095 13,630 6,625 7,005
Cantonese 7,220 3,345 3,875 4,675 2,245 2,435
Hakka 90 35 50 30 10 20
Mandarin 9,970 4,430 5,545 8,995 4,335 4,660
Min Dong 10 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 425 145 275 260 125 135
Wu (Shanghainese) 160 65 100 45 20 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 780 340 435 1,245 620 630
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 75 35 35 960 495 460
Burmese 25 15 10 315 185 130
Karenic languages 0 0 0 635 310 325
Tibetan 25 15 10 30 15 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 70 25 40
Tai-Kadai languages 735 225 510 635 245 385
Lao 55 20 30 410 170 240
Thai 700 210 495 275 105 170
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 445 245 200 640 365 285
Azerbaijani 65 30 35 25 20 10
Turkish 375 215 160 530 310 220
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 60 25 35
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 25 10 15
Uralic languages 2,390 1,095 1,300 1,765 850 915
Estonian 135 65 75 20 15 10
Finnish 770 300 470 360 170 190
Hungarian 1,495 725 765 1,385 670 715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 155 90 65 340 210 135
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 779,595 379,420 400,175 1,070,555 533,385 537,175
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 742,415 362,570 379,845 998,035 496,635 501,395
Canadian citizens aged under 18 126,545 64,655 61,885 237,720 121,535 116,185
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 615,870 297,915 317,965 760,310 375,105 385,210
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 37,180 16,850 20,330 72,525 36,750 35,780
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 779,595 379,420 400,175 1,070,560 533,385 537,170
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 647,265 318,280 328,985 945,810 470,790 475,025
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 122,590 56,355 66,235 112,490 55,800 56,690
Before 1981 65,425 31,160 34,265 16,650 8,190 8,465
1981 to 1990 12,685 5,535 7,150 5,545 2,670 2,875
1991 to 2000 13,805 5,995 7,810 9,315 4,645 4,665
2001 to 2010 18,905 8,250 10,655 33,045 16,410 16,635
2001 to 2005 8,030 3,455 4,575 8,670 4,165 4,505
2006 to 2010 10,875 4,795 6,080 24,370 12,245 12,130
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,770 5,415 6,355 47,935 23,880 24,055
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,740 4,780 4,955 12,255 6,800 5,455
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 122,590 56,355 66,235 112,495 55,795 56,695
Under 5 years 14,630 7,250 7,380 12,060 6,100 5,965
5 to 14 years 22,000 10,740 11,260 21,295 11,015 10,280
15 to 24 years 28,890 12,910 15,980 19,295 8,990 10,305
25 to 44 years 47,930 21,350 26,585 50,945 25,060 25,890
45 years and over 9,140 4,105 5,030 8,895 4,635 4,260
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 122,590 56,355 66,235 112,490 55,800 56,690
Americas 18,495 8,020 10,470 10,765 5,010 5,760
Brazil 340 140 200 185 65 120
Colombia 395 150 245 555 275 280
El Salvador 230 90 145 630 290 340
Guyana 140 70 75 155 75 85
Haiti 115 40 75 65 45 20
Jamaica 435 220 220 815 425 395
Mexico 1,085 440 640 1,330 665 665
Peru 235 90 145 165 60 100
Trinidad and Tobago 370 135 230 210 105 110
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 13,085 5,765 7,325 4,845 2,045 2,800
Other places of birth in Americas 2,050 875 1,175 1,805 955 845
Europe 64,655 31,170 33,490 23,640 11,900 11,740
Bosnia and Herzegovina 225 105 120 455 215 245
Croatia 775 400 375 445 280 165
France 1,120 495 625 215 90 125
Germany 7,210 3,355 3,860 2,575 1,280 1,295
Greece 380 230 155 605 325 280
Hungary 1,015 515 495 395 215 180
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 965 475 485 845 490 355
Italy 1,490 790 700 570 305 265
Netherlands 4,495 2,215 2,280 1,220 585 635
Poland 1,540 675 865 1,395 690 705
Portugal 965 485 480 220 105 120
Romania 530 265 265 695 335 360
Russian Federation 835 350 485 805 345 460
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 235 125 105 585 305 280
Ukraine 600 270 330 3,280 1,630 1,650
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 35,530 17,065 18,470 7,020 3,520 3,505
Other places of birth in Europe 6,745 3,365 3,380 2,320 1,195 1,125
Africa 4,875 2,405 2,475 10,285 5,360 4,925
Algeria 20 15 10 50 35 15
Egypt 270 170 100 435 230 205
Ethiopia 225 90 130 635 285 355
Kenya 310 125 180 425 225 200
Morocco 150 95 50 180 95 80
Nigeria 200 100 100 1,695 845 855
Somalia 55 30 30 635 335 300
South Africa, Republic of 2,325 1,125 1,200 1,775 920 855
Other places of birth in Africa 1,330 660 670 4,455 2,390 2,065
Asia 31,910 13,505 18,405 67,120 33,175 33,945
Afghanistan 75 45 30 515 230 285
Bangladesh 105 50 50 2,575 1,365 1,210
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 7,095 3,025 4,070 7,485 3,445 4,035
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,520 720 800 765 370 400
India 5,615 2,765 2,855 9,630 5,190 4,435
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,090 540 550 785 465 325
Iraq 120 70 50 1,175 625 550
Japan 1,270 295 970 265 65 200
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,845 815 1,035 1,120 475 645
Lebanon 190 115 70 255 160 90
Pakistan 490 255 240 6,860 3,575 3,280
Philippines 6,415 2,190 4,225 26,860 12,655 14,210
Sri Lanka 175 80 100 440 235 205
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 265 135 135 1,155 610 550
Taiwan 885 345 540 180 80 100
Viet Nam 1,800 785 1,015 2,615 1,340 1,280
Other places of birth in Asia 2,950 1,280 1,670 4,425 2,290 2,140
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 2,650 1,255 1,395 675 350 325
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,770 5,415 6,355 47,935 23,880 24,055
Americas 1,750 790 960 2,320 1,090 1,230
Brazil 90 50 40 45 10 35
Colombia 65 10 50 115 55 65
Cuba 45 15 35 35 20 15
Haiti 0 10 0 10 10 0
Jamaica 25 15 15 405 230 180
Mexico 230 105 130 435 215 225
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,055 485 575 745 330 420
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 10 35 10 30
Other places of birth in Americas 220 110 110 490 220 270
Europe 2,180 1,130 1,045 4,855 2,405 2,455
France 80 40 45 50 15 45
Germany 260 100 160 190 105 80
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 40 30 525 315 205
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 10 100 50 50
Romania 55 30 20 95 35 60
Russian Federation 135 50