Census Profile, 2016 Census
Vancouver Island and Coast [Economic region], British Columbia and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Vancouver Island and Coast
British Columbia
[Economic region]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Vancouver Island and Coast [Economic region], British Columbia  Map : Vancouver Island and Coast [Economic region], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 799,400 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 759,366 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.3 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 383,244 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 352,716 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 9.5 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 84,231.61 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 799,400 388,510 410,890 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 108,085 55,205 52,875 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 34,070 17,360 16,710 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 37,270 19,065 18,200 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 36,740 18,775 17,960 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 504,685 245,775 258,905 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 39,980 20,245 19,735 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 43,840 22,405 21,435 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 43,765 21,880 21,885 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 46,020 22,735 23,285 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 44,960 22,035 22,930 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 44,865 21,780 23,085 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 49,560 23,925 25,630 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 59,140 28,275 30,865 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 65,605 30,990 34,615 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 66,945 31,505 35,435 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 186,635 87,530 99,105 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 63,495 30,870 32,625 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 45,055 21,950 23,110 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 30,810 14,900 15,910 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 22,390 10,475 11,915 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 24,880 9,330 15,540 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 14,935 6,240 8,695 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 7,620 2,530 5,090 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 2,045 520 1,530 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 275 50 225 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.5 14.2 12.9 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.1 63.3 63.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 23.3 22.5 24.1 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.1 2.4 3.8 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 45.3 44.4 46.2 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 47.8 46.6 49.0 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 352,720 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 196,305 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 11,955 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 133,990 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 15,035 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 18,695 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 34,830 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 64,650 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 780 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10,465 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 352,715 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 110,495 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 141,325 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 46,025 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 36,170 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 18,700 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 779,595 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.2 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 691,315 333,310 358,010 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 403,135 201,150 201,990 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 323,585 161,500 162,085 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 79,555 39,645 39,910 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 288,180 132,160 156,020 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 168,775 91,900 76,880 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 20,080 8,875 11,205 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 56,370 21,965 34,405 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 42,950 9,420 33,530 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 230,590 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 143,165 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 42,540 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 33,345 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,535 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 230,590 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 196,580 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 156,805 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 39,775 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 34,010 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 26,090 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 7,920 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 196,580 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 120,960 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 75,625 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 33,495 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 31,240 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 10,880 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 34,005 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 22,205 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 9,045 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 2,760 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 170,850 79,390 91,455 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 352,715 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 219,680 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 115,925 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 103,760 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,365 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 127,675 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 110,495 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 17,180 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 789,005 384,050 404,950 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 718,300 352,455 365,845 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 275 110 165 1,810 820 985
English and French 66,055 29,645 36,415 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 4,365 1,840 2,525 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 789,000 384,050 404,950 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 771,075 375,540 395,530 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 12,250 6,060 6,190 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 1,475 700 770 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 4,205 1,745 2,455 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,990 6,410 6,580 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 789,000 384,050 404,950 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 780,020 379,845 400,170 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 699,285 343,130 356,155 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 686,255 336,700 349,555 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 13,025 6,425 6,600 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 80,735 36,720 44,020 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 1,635 765 870 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 110 45 65 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 90 30 50 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 5 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 15 5 10 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 15 0 10 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 50 20 35 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 5 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 5 5 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 20 10 10 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 45 20 30 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 40 15 30 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 20 5 10 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 10 5 5 650 295 355
Dene 15 0 10 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 5 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 5 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 25 10 15 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 5 5 5 10 0 10
Inuktitut 15 5 10 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 5 5 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 705 355 350 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 80 45 35 80 45 40
Halkomelem 395 190 205 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 5 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 5 0 5 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 80 40 40 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 140 80 65 250 130 120
Siouan languages 5 5 5 45 25 20
Dakota 5 5 5 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 5 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 30 5 20 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 15 0 15 875 435 445
Nisga'a 10 0 10 385 195 190
Tsimshian 5 5 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 630 300 330 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 70 35 35 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 295 130 160 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 265 125 135 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 65 25 40 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 79,105 35,960 43,145 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,245 1,290 955 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 15 10 10 115 75 45
Kabyle 5 5 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 95 50 50 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 25 10 15 205 115 95
Somali 70 35 30 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 20 10 15
Semitic languages 2,130 1,230 900 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 125 60 65 1,370 670 700
Arabic 1,675 990 685 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 160 90 75 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 70 40 35 215 100 115
Tigrigna 85 40 45 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,095 970 1,125 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 230 115 120 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 1,865 855 1,010 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 5,865 2,095 3,775 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 20 5 15 375 165 215
Cebuano 385 130 255 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 20 10 10 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 85 30 50 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 280 95 185 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 160 50 110 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 700 320 380
Pangasinan 10 5 5 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 4,780 1,715 3,065 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 20 10 10 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 85 35 50 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 70 35 35 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 40 25 15 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 470 255 215 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 25 15 10 280 150 135
Malayalam 155 90 75 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 175 85 85 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 110 65 45 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 5 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 44,910 21,195 23,715 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 140 80 65 1,465 765 705
Armenian 75 45 25 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 7,720 3,505 4,215 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 205 115 90 1,070 485 585
Latvian 120 65 55 565 255 300
Lithuanian 90 50 40 505 225 280
Slavic languages 7,510 3,390 4,120 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 10 5 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 50 20 30 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 165 80 80 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 825 410 415 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 755 360 395 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 40 20 20 325 160 165
Polish 1,815 835 985 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 1,605 660 950 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 295 140 155 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 130 60 70 1,395 670 725
Slovak 290 135 155 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 190 80 110 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 1,280 545 740 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 345 175 170
Celtic languages 170 85 80 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 60 30 25 240 130 110
Welsh 95 45 45 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 95 50 45
Germanic languages 18,500 8,580 9,920 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 510 255 255 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 1,260 610 650 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 4,865 2,290 2,570 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 55 25 30 295 145 145
German 10,535 4,790 5,745 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 55 30 25 275 135 145
Norwegian 520 255 265 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 525 230 295 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 105 50 55 445 220 225
Yiddish 55 30 25 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 65 45 25
Greek 515 310 205 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 8,905 4,475 4,430 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 7,690 3,840 3,850 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 185 95 95 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 260 135 125 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 790 425 365 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 5 5 0 65 35 25
Konkani 15 10 5 255 130 125
Marathi 35 15 20 620 325 295
Nepali 100 55 45 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5,800 2,825 2,975 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 70 40 30 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 50 45 1,675 845 830
Urdu 340 190 150 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 1,180 615 565 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 15 10 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 55 35 25 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 1,110 570 540 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 8,890 4,120 4,770 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 15 5 5 160 85 75
Italian 2,175 1,105 1,070 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 1,795 825 965 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 425 200 230 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 4,460 1,980 2,490 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 105 65 40
Japanese 2,205 660 1,545 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 85 50 35
Georgian 10 5 5 85 50 40
Korean 2,575 1,095 1,480 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 360 150 205
Mongolian 10 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 435 225 215 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 35 20 15 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 5 85 50 35
Ewe 10 5 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 45 25 20
Ga 10 5 5 45 20 25
Ganda 10 5 5 90 45 45
Igbo 25 10 15 245 145 105
Lingala 5 5 5 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 20 155 70 80
Shona 30 15 10 215 100 115
Swahili 85 45 40 805 400 405
Wolof 15 10 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 40 20 25 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 55 70 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 15 5 340 175 165
Dinka 5 5 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 240 115 125
Sign languages 195 110 90 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 80 45 35 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 120 65 50 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 15,070 6,730 8,335 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 14,975 6,670 8,300 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 6,175 2,805 3,365 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 75 20 50 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 7,495 3,285 4,210 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 5 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 295 125 170 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 145 55 80 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 785 370 415 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 100 55 35 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 40 25 15 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 10 5 5 815 395 425
Tibetan 45 25 20 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 530 125 400 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 30 15 15 1,100 550 550
Thai 495 110 385 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 20 10 15
Turkic languages 240 145 100 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 20 15 10 530 290 235
Turkish 210 125 85 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 2,110 985 1,125 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 115 45 75 705 295 410
Finnish 715 295 420 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 1,275 640 635 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 500 280 225
Multiple responses 8,980 4,200 4,775 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 2,040 940 1,095 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 6,485 3,045 3,440 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 240 115 125 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 210 95 115 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 789,000 384,050 404,950 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 774,110 377,280 396,825 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 745,480 363,935 381,545 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 742,060 362,305 379,755 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 3,420 1,625 1,790 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 28,635 13,350 15,285 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 140 75 70 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 70 35 35 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 40 20 20 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 25 10 15 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 5 5 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 5 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 55 30 20 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 5 5 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 20 15 5 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 25 20 15 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 5 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 28,490 13,280 15,215 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,095 560 535 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 5 5 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 5 5 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 45 15 25 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 5 5 5 90 50 45
Somali 30 10 20 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 15 5 10
Semitic languages 1,045 535 505 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 35 15 20 600 275 320
Arabic 885 465 420 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 65 30 35 900 465 440
Maltese 5 5 5 15 5 10
Tigrigna 45 20 25 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,260 600 655 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 140 70 70 800 375 420
Vietnamese 1,120 535 585 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 2,105 905 1,195 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 80 35 45 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 25 15 10 415 175 240
Ilocano 70 25 45 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 15 10 10 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,885 820 1,070 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 310 150 160
Creole languages 15 5 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 180 95 85 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 10 5 5 110 55 60
Malayalam 75 40 35 1,225 615 605
Tamil 50 25 25 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 40 25 20 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 11,195 5,325 5,870 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 70 30 40 695 335 360
Armenian 20 10 10 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 1,885 885 1,000 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 5 5 5 210 90 115
Latvian 5 0 5 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 5 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 1,875 885 990 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 5 5 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 70 35 35 1,035 485 550
Croatian 210 100 110 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 170 85 85 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 10 10 5 150 75 75
Polish 425 205 220 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 680 315 365 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 75 35 40 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 35 20 20 500 235 265
Slovak 45 20 25 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 145 65 85
Ukrainian 110 45 65 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 20 10 10 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 10 5 5 35 20 10
Welsh 5 0 5 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 1,935 930 1,005 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 195 95 105 1,475 715 760
Danish 65 30 35 305 145 160
Dutch 395 190 205 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 1,175 575 600 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 10 5 5 75 35 35
Norwegian 30 10 20 140 60 80
Swedish 50 20 30 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 105 50 55 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 4,555 2,205 2,350 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 3,965 1,915 2,050 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 85 45 45 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 70 35 40 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 280 150 135 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 5 5 40 25 25
Marathi 10 5 5 270 140 130
Nepali 40 20 20 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,220 1,530 1,685 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 15 10 5 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 10 675 330 340
Urdu 200 100 95 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 580 285 295 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 5 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 25 15 10 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 550 270 285 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 2,605 1,205 1,400 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 5 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 335 145 195 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 520 235 280 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 130 55 75 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 1,620 770 850 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 795 325 470 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 5 30 15 10
Georgian 5 5 5 30 15 15
Korean 1,705 780 925 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 100 45 55 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 5 0 5 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 5 60 25 35
Shona 15 5 5 65 25 40
Swahili 20 10 10 200 90 115
Wolof 5 5 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 10 5 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 5 15 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 260 145 115 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 65 35 35 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 190 105 85 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 9,240 4,240 5,000 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 9,195 4,215 4,980 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 3,365 1,555 1,815 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 15 5 5 700 295 410
Mandarin 5,205 2,365 2,840 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 95 40 55 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 70 35 40 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 445 220 225 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 40 25 20 1,745 885 865
Burmese 15 10 5 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 25 15 15 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 140 60 80 1,380 595 785
Lao 10 10 5 460 225 235
Thai 125 55 75 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 65 30 35 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 5 5 195 105 95
Turkish 60 25 30 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 330 155 175 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 20 10 15 95 40 55
Finnish 100 45 55 725 325 400
Hungarian 210 105 110 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 145 70 75
Multiple responses 14,890 6,765 8,120 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 1,180 560 620 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 13,360 6,050 7,310 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 70 25 40 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 285 140 145 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 789,000 384,050 404,950 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 735,095 359,655 375,440 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 14,155 6,685 7,470 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 9,555 4,225 5,330 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 29,185 13,030 16,155 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 1,655 750 910 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 27,530 12,285 15,240 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 100 50 55 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 325 160 170 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 575 245 330 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 671,835 324,380 347,455 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 651,200 314,510 336,685 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,130 41,154 28,973 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 651,970 315,075 336,895 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,668 36,117 26,707 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 593,310 289,620 303,690 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,736 38,065 25,034 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 476,145 211,195 264,955 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,420 8,155 6,993 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 470,065 237,350 232,720 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,588 34,262 24,385 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 671,880 324,365 347,510 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 651,155 314,605 336,550 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,485 52,659 36,845 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 651,930 315,150 336,780 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,459 43,223 32,064 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 593,305 289,700 303,605 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,150 50,947 33,757 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 475,965 211,275 264,695 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,317 8,555 8,128 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 470,065 237,580 232,480 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,805 45,618 31,843 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 671,880 324,370 347,510 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 183,715 101,390 82,325 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,737 58,211 46,307 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 59,137 65,515 51,281 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.3 89.0 82.7 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 63.3 66.1 59.5 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.7 11.0 17.3 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 671,835 324,380 347,455 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 20,635 9,870 10,765 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 651,200 314,510 336,685 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.9 97.0 96.9 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 84,555 35,770 48,785 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 112,760 44,025 68,740 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 93,885 37,930 55,955 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 80,555 35,585 44,975 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 69,080 32,485 36,595 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 53,480 27,655 25,825 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 40,895 24,170 16,725 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 31,730 19,290 12,445 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 23,715 14,945 8,765 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 16,835 10,845 5,990 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 43,700 31,815 11,890 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 30,825 22,170 8,660 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 12,875 9,645 3,225 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 671,835 324,380 347,450 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 19,865 9,305 10,555 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 651,970 315,075 336,900 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 97.0 97.1 97.0 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 89,435 38,015 51,420 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 118,710 47,280 71,430 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 111,115 46,165 64,950 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 93,150 42,280 50,870 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 75,155 37,245 37,910 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 53,805 31,180 22,625 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 38,455 23,730 14,730 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 26,390 16,570 9,820 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 45,760 32,610 13,145 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 15,460 10,575 4,890 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 9,270 6,605 2,665 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 21,025 15,430 5,590 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 671,835 324,380 347,450 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 201,770 87,030 114,735 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 470,065 237,350 232,715 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 70.0 73.2 67.0 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 89,855 43,955 45,905 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 36,590 15,620 20,965 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 62,925 27,000 35,930 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 52,570 22,940 29,630 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 46,485 20,470 26,015 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 41,700 18,885 22,815 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 33,405 17,230 16,175 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 26,110 15,760 10,355 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 22,190 13,715 8,475 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 58,225 41,780 16,445 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 17,300 11,145 6,160 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 12,040 8,115 3,920 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 28,885 22,525 6,360 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 352,715 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,402 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,602 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 110,495 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,390 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,889 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 242,220 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,020 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 73,542 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 352,725 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,123 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 69,234 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 110,500 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,809 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,296 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 242,220 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,603 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,804 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 352,715 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,400 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,815 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,160 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,300 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 16,380 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 14,550 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 16,035 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 16,500 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 15,885 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 15,575 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 29,160 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 26,450 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 24,320 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 21,775 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 18,820 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 99,585 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 36,150 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 23,755 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 23,615 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 16,065 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 352,715 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 6,825 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 4,905 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 11,350 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 15,925 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 18,925 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 17,710 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 19,315 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 19,220 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 18,600 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 18,065 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 33,020 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 30,105 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 26,375 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 22,525 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 18,455 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 71,395 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 32,450 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 17,910 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 21,035 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 228,665 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,322 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,677 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 114,240 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,534 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,693 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 76,255 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,215 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,763 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 31,850 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,330 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,380 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 228,760 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,911 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,831 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 114,225 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,667 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,776 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 76,425 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 123,837 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,503 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 31,705 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,605 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,761 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 155,285 72,720 82,565 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,365 31,392 29,657 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,637 28,242 27,213 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 154,860 72,355 82,500 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,463 41,493 37,683 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,858 35,035 32,826 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 779,590 379,415 400,180 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 398,200 188,090 210,110 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 91,095 44,045 47,045 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 79,855 35,935 43,925 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 74,855 34,950 39,905 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 74,930 35,590 39,335 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 77,470 37,570 39,895 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 381,390 191,325 190,065 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 78,230 38,340 39,890 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 79,250 39,555 39,695 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 79,895 40,205 39,685 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 78,070 39,660 38,410 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 65,945 33,565 32,380 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 761,425 370,245 391,180 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 126,165 64,350 61,810 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 39,555 20,090 19,465 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 463,670 223,885 239,785 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 171,590 82,010 89,580 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 113,365 52,635 60,735 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 24,300 12,605 11,695 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 7,825 4,040 3,780 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 68,775 31,800 36,980 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 20,290 8,225 12,060 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.9 14.2 15.5 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 19.3 19.6 18.9 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 19.8 20.1 19.4 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.8 14.2 15.4 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.8 10.0 13.5 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 64,590 31,700 32,885 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 12,130 6,240 5,885 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 3,730 1,945 1,790 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 48,310 23,640 24,670 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 4,155 1,815 2,335 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.5 8.6 8.4 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 9.6 9.7 9.5 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 9.4 9.7 9.2 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.4 10.6 10.3 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.4 2.2 2.6 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 779,595 379,415 400,175 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 775,195 377,555 397,635 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 774,955 377,475 397,485 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 65,610 29,245 36,365 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 113,670 51,875 61,800 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 3,335 1,575 1,760 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 255 140 120 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 210 115 95 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 50 25 20 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 15 10 10 55 25 30
Woods Cree 15 0 15 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 130 75 60 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 55 35 20 310 100 205
Algonquin 10 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 45 35 15 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 90 40 50 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 80 35 40 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 20 15 10 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 15 10 10 1,130 525 605
Dene 20 0 15 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 10 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 10 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 10 0 10 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 10 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 10 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 25 10 15 455 195 255
Inuit languages 55 25 25 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 40 20 20 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 30 10 20 110 50 60
Salish languages 1,605 770 835 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 170 75 95 185 75 105
Halkomelem 765 375 395 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 10 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 10 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 10 10 0 280 125 155
Straits 355 160 200 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 10 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 290 155 140 540 280 260
Siouan languages 10 0 10 55 20 35
Dakota 0 10 0 30 15 15
Stoney 10 0 10 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 30 15 20 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 10 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 15 10 10 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 1,180 535 645 1,460 670 795
Haisla 10 0 10 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 90 40 55 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 530 230 295 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 540 255 280 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 85 35 45 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 110,405 50,325 60,085 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,055 1,720 1,335 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 10 10 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 130 55 80 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 30 10 20 245 140 110
Somali 95 40 55 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 10 0 10
Semitic languages 2,905 1,655 1,250 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 150 65 90 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 2,200 1,325 875 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 465 215 245 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 85 40 40 315 155 155
Tigrigna 80 30 50 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,575 1,235 1,340 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 280 165 115 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 2,305 1,075 1,230 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 7,790 2,695 5,100 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 15 0 15 530 215 310
Cebuano 580 230 355 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 45 30 15 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 125 30 95 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 445 150 290 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 465 175 295 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 10 20 855 365 495
Pangasinan 30 15 10 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 6,955 2,355 4,600 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 25 10 20 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 150 75 75 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 280 150 135 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 40 25 15 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 115 70 45 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 45 80 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 610 325 285 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 40 20 20 510 250 265
Malayalam 250 145 110 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 255 130 120 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 125 65 65 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 10 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 69,115 32,295 36,820 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 155 100 60 1,640 840 795
Armenian 95 55 45 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 8,850 4,085 4,760 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 175 105 70 1,030 515 520
Latvian 90 50 40 555 290 265
Lithuanian 85 55 30 475 220 250
Slavic languages 8,680 3,985 4,700 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 10 10 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 90 30 55 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 240 130 110 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 1,295 645 655 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 1,040 535 495 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 35 25 20 400 220 185
Polish 2,020 920 1,100 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 2,420 1,045 1,375 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 360 150 210 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 130 85 45 1,525 770 750
Slovak 320 165 155 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 185 75 105 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 1,500 625 875 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 420 215 205
Celtic languages 360 170 185 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 165 85 80 660 395 265
Welsh 135 65 65 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 70 20 45 860 450 410
Germanic languages 25,600 11,990 13,615 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 1,355 685 665 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 1,520 670 850 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 5,500 2,595 2,910 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 130 55 80 465 230 240
German 16,450 7,775 8,675 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 125 65 60 405 210 195
Norwegian 655 325 330 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 875 375 500 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 160 80 80 545 270 275
Yiddish 95 40 55 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 155 95 60
Greek 865 465 395 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 11,650 5,885 5,760 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 10,145 5,125 5,025 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 190 75 110 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 300 145 160 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 2,750 1,435 1,315 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 10 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 25 15 0 415 215 200
Marathi 65 40 20 1,475 780 695
Nepali 150 50 95 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 7,870 3,925 3,945 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 85 35 45 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 95 45 45 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 725 405 325 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,505 760 750 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 25 15 10 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 40 30 10 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 1,470 730 740 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 110 75 35 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 24,540 11,000 13,535 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 75 45 30 395 210 180
Italian 4,280 1,935 2,340 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 2,510 1,160 1,350 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 465 230 240 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 18,430 8,115 10,320 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 70 25 40 380 245 140
Japanese 4,150 1,755 2,395 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 15 0 10 115 55 60
Georgian 15 0 10 115 55 55
Korean 2,785 1,265 1,525 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 10 0 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 10 0 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 1,055 530 525 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 25 15 10 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 10 145 80 60
Ewe 15 10 10 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 15 10 10 150 95 50
Ganda 45 20 25 165 80 85
Igbo 95 45 50 425 240 185
Lingala 30 15 20 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 10 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 30 40 290 125 165
Shona 95 65 25 415 220 195
Swahili 385 185 205 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 10 50 25 30
Yoruba 150 80 70 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 220 105 120 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 35 20 15 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 325 155 165
Sign languages 1,535 545 990 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 765 235 525 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 785 310 465 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 16,760 7,625 9,135 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 16,685 7,595 9,095 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 7,220 3,345 3,875 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 90 35 50 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 9,970 4,430 5,545 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 10 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 425 145 275 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 160 65 100 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 780 340 435 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 75 35 35 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 25 15 10 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 25 15 10 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 735 225 510 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 55 20 30 1,630 735 890
Thai 700 210 495 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 445 245 200 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 65 30 35 945 510 435
Turkish 375 215 160 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 275 140 130
Uralic languages 2,390 1,095 1,300 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 135 65 75 780 350 425
Finnish 770 300 470 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 1,495 725 765 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 155 90 65 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 779,595 379,420 400,175 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 742,415 362,570 379,845 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 126,545 64,655 61,885 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 615,870 297,915 317,965 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 37,180 16,850 20,330 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 779,595 379,420 400,175 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 647,265 318,280 328,985 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 122,590 56,355 66,235 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 65,425 31,160 34,265 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 12,685 5,535 7,150 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 13,805 5,995 7,810 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 18,905 8,250 10,655 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 8,030 3,455 4,575 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 10,875 4,795 6,080 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,770 5,415 6,355 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 9,740 4,780 4,955 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 122,590 56,355 66,235 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 14,630 7,250 7,380 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 22,000 10,740 11,260 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 28,890 12,910 15,980 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 47,930 21,350 26,585 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 9,140 4,105 5,030 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 122,590 56,355 66,235 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 18,495 8,020 10,470 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 340 140 200 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 395 150 245 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 230 90 145 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 140 70 75 1,305 600 710
Haiti 115 40 75 570 250 315
Jamaica 435 220 220 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 1,085 440 640 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 235 90 145 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 370 135 230 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 13,085 5,765 7,325 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 2,050 875 1,175 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 64,655 31,170 33,490 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 225 105 120 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 775 400 375 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 1,120 495 625 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 7,210 3,355 3,860 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 380 230 155 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 1,015 515 495 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 965 475 485 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 1,490 790 700 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 4,495 2,215 2,280 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 1,540 675 865 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 965 485 480 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 530 265 265 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 835 350 485 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 235 125 105 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 600 270 330 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 35,530 17,065 18,470 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 6,745 3,365 3,380 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 4,875 2,405 2,475 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 20 15 10 485 310 175
Egypt 270 170 100 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 225 90 130 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 310 125 180 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 150 95 50 985 535 455
Nigeria 200 100 100 1,740 925 815
Somalia 55 30 30 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 2,325 1,125 1,200 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 1,330 660 670 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 31,910 13,505 18,405 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 75 45 30 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 105 50 50 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 7,095 3,025 4,070 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 1,520 720 800 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 5,615 2,765 2,855 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 1,090 540 550 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 120 70 50 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 1,270 295 970 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,845 815 1,035 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 190 115 70 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 490 255 240 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 6,415 2,190 4,225 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 175 80 100 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 265 135 135 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 885 345 540 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 1,800 785 1,015 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 2,950 1,280 1,670 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 2,650 1,255 1,395 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,770 5,415 6,355 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 1,750 790 960 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 90 50 40 1,145 525 615
Colombia 65 10 50 580 250 325
Cuba 45 15 35 140 60 80
Haiti 0 10 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 25 15 15 625 355 265
Mexico 230 105 130 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,055 485 575 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 10 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 220 110 110 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 2,180 1,130 1,045 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 80 40 45 970 510 460
Germany 260 100 160 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 70 40 30 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 10 10 245 120 125
Romania 55 30 20 690