Census Profile, 2016 Census
Thompson--Okanagan [Economic region], British Columbia and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Thompson--Okanagan
British Columbia
[Economic region]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Thompson--Okanagan [Economic region], British Columbia  Map : Thompson--Okanagan [Economic region], British Columbia
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 546,287 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 520,801 r ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.9 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 263,193 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 232,889 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5.8 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 94,197.76 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 546,285 266,655 279,635 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 76,320 38,800 37,520 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 23,785 12,130 11,660 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 26,320 13,400 12,925 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 26,210 13,275 12,940 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 342,820 167,820 175,005 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 28,305 14,495 13,815 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 29,040 14,925 14,120 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 29,370 15,040 14,330 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 31,155 15,405 15,750 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 29,380 14,455 14,925 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 29,845 14,800 15,050 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 33,445 16,190 17,255 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 41,380 19,395 21,985 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 46,790 22,105 24,680 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 44,110 21,015 23,090 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 127,145 60,040 67,110 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 40,835 19,970 20,870 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 30,205 14,650 15,555 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 22,955 11,030 11,925 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 16,730 7,975 8,755 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 16,420 6,410 10,005 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 10,460 4,470 5,990 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 4,635 1,585 3,055 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 1,170 335 840 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 155 35 125 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.0 14.6 13.4 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 62.8 62.9 62.6 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 23.3 22.5 24.0 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 3.0 2.4 3.6 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 45.2 44.4 46.0 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 47.9 46.6 49.1 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 232,890 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 137,245 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,640 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 78,195 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 10,880 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 14,050 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 15,900 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 36,590 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 770 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 13,810 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 232,890 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 65,065 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 97,015 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 30,980 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 25,840 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 13,995 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 532,675 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 469,970 227,855 242,110 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 283,215 141,530 141,680 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 231,715 115,835 115,880 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 51,500 25,695 25,805 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 186,755 86,325 100,430 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 106,590 59,090 47,505 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 14,020 6,065 7,950 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 35,195 14,275 20,920 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 30,945 6,895 24,050 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 161,030 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 99,770 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 28,445 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 23,730 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 9,085 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 161,030 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 138,360 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 112,625 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 25,740 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 22,665 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 17,460 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 5,210 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 138,360 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 85,315 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 53,050 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 22,190 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 22,230 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 8,630 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 22,660 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 14,450 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 6,255 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 1,955 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 104,315 49,205 55,115 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 232,890 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 152,825 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 81,430 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 71,400 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 4,025 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 76,035 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 65,065 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 10,975 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 539,805 263,800 276,010 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 504,340 247,935 256,400 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 155 70 80 1,485 680 800
English and French 32,870 14,715 18,155 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 2,440 1,070 1,370 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 539,805 263,800 276,005 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 529,395 258,865 270,530 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 7,355 3,585 3,765 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 725 340 385 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 2,325 1,000 1,320 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 7,725 3,760 3,960 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.4 1.4 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 539,805 263,800 276,005 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 534,595 261,405 273,185 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 480,790 236,120 244,665 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 472,575 232,205 240,375 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 8,205 3,915 4,290 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 53,810 25,285 28,525 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 1,070 480 595 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 140 60 80 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 5 5 5 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 105 50 60 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 5 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 25 10 10 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 745 305 440
Woods Cree 10 5 5 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 65 35 35 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 5 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 15 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 5 0 5 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 5 10 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 70 30 45 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 65 25 40 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 5 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 25 10 10 0 0 0
Chilcotin 25 10 15 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 5 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 5 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 5 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 5 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 5 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 5 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 5 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 805 375 435 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 10 5 5 0 0 0
Okanagan 260 130 130 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 235 105 130 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 295 135 160 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 5 5 630 305 330
Dakota 5 5 5 630 305 325
Stoney 5 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 5 15 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 5 10 0 0 0
Nisga'a 5 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 5 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 5 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 15 5 10 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 52,740 24,805 27,930 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 795 475 320 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 10 10 5 1,750 875 875
Bilen 0 0 0 155 85 70
Oromo 0 5 5 345 175 170
Somali 5 5 0 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 780 460 320 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 30 15 15 1,770 885 885
Arabic 650 395 250 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 5 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 65 35 30 545 320 225
Maltese 25 5 15 40 20 25
Tigrigna 5 0 5 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 625 275 350 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 15 30 280 135 145
Vietnamese 575 255 325 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 2,750 910 1,840 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 10 5 5 175 80 95
Cebuano 140 40 100 1,245 565 675
Fijian 10 10 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 30 15 20 390 170 220
Ilocano 135 55 85 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 5 0 5 0 0 5
Malay 100 35 65 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 10 10 655 315 340
Pangasinan 5 0 5 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,255 735 1,520 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 10 0 10 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 150 70 85
Creole languages 50 25 30 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 10 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 205 120 80 1,565 825 735
Kannada 10 5 5 95 50 40
Malayalam 100 65 35 790 410 380
Tamil 55 35 25 480 255 230
Telugu 40 20 15 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 40,640 19,585 21,055 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 100 50 45 350 170 180
Armenian 15 5 10 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 7,845 3,505 4,340 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 100 45 50 165 65 95
Latvian 50 20 30 80 35 45
Lithuanian 50 25 20 85 35 45
Slavic languages 7,745 3,455 4,290 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 20 5 10 40 20 25
Bosnian 65 30 30 575 285 290
Bulgarian 55 30 30 140 70 65
Croatian 635 315 320 1,030 505 530
Czech 730 360 370 615 310 310
Macedonian 20 10 5 145 70 75
Polish 1,425 625 795 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 1,840 775 1,065 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 265 130 135 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 80 45 30 240 110 130
Slovak 290 120 170 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 230 100 125 270 130 140
Ukrainian 2,025 860 1,165 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 75 40 30
Celtic languages 65 30 35 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 30 15 15 50 25 20
Welsh 30 15 15 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages 17,605 8,440 9,170 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 495 250 245 420 220 205
Danish 525 250 270 280 145 135
Dutch 3,100 1,510 1,585 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 45 25 15 55 30 25
German 12,825 6,120 6,705 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 20 10 15 475 210 260
Norwegian 235 110 125 115 45 65
Swedish 295 125 165 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 65 30 35 310 125 180
Yiddish 5 5 5 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 10 10
Greek 325 190 135 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 8,155 4,165 3,990 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 7,620 3,875 3,740 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 175 110 65 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 105 55 50 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 505 290 215 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 5 0 5 5 5 5
Konkani 5 5 5 35 20 15
Marathi 15 10 5 135 80 50
Nepali 70 40 35 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,475 3,215 3,260 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 15 10 5 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 50 30 20 670 345 320
Urdu 200 115 85 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 535 290 245 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 30 20 15 415 210 200
Pashto 15 5 10 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 490 265 225 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 6,535 3,205 3,325 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 5 5 5 0 0 5
Italian 2,625 1,390 1,240 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 1,470 690 780 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 340 165 175 645 310 335
Spanish 2,075 950 1,120 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 15 5 10
Japanese 945 320 630 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 15 10 10
Georgian 5 5 5 15 5 5
Korean 1,060 505 555 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 20 5 15
Mongolian 5 0 0 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 165 85 85 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 20 5 10 150 90 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 75 25 45
Edo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Ewe 5 5 0 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Ga 0 0 5 15 10 5
Ganda 5 0 0 50 20 30
Igbo 25 15 15 280 155 130
Lingala 0 0 0 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 250 125 120
Shona 15 0 15 110 50 60
Swahili 25 15 10 870 420 455
Wolof 0 0 0 75 50 25
Yoruba 30 15 15 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 15 25 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 395 215 180
Dinka 5 0 0 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 225 125 100
Sign languages 150 70 80 440 230 210
American Sign Language 65 30 40 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 5 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 80 40 40 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,165 1,490 1,675 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 3,145 1,480 1,670 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 1,200 565 640 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 20 10 15 55 30 25
Mandarin 1,475 690 790 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 5 0 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 95 40 55 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 10 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 325 160 165 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 10 575 295 285
Burmese 10 10 5 85 50 30
Karenic languages 5 0 0 430 215 220
Tibetan 5 5 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 210 50 165 1,120 525 595
Lao 20 5 10 875 445 430
Thai 195 45 155 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 85 50 35 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 30 20 15
Turkish 65 45 30 210 120 95
Uyghur 0 0 0 10 5 10
Uzbek 5 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 40 25 20
Uralic languages 1,830 815 1,010 1,440 655 790
Estonian 55 25 30 30 10 15
Finnish 465 165 295 225 85 135
Hungarian 1,310 620 690 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 155 85 70
Multiple responses 5,210 2,390 2,820 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 1,110 545 570 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 3,885 1,745 2,140 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 115 70 50 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 95 40 55 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 539,805 263,800 276,005 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 530,665 259,645 271,015 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 513,500 251,345 262,155 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 511,590 250,435 261,155 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 1,910 905 1,005 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 17,160 8,305 8,865 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 160 70 90 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 10 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 5 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 5 0 5 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 5 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 135 65 75 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 85 35 45 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 30 15 15 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 25 10 10 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,005 8,230 8,775 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 400 230 170 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 5 5 0 20 15 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 1,185 550 630
Bilen 0 0 0 120 65 55
Oromo 10 0 5 210 95 115
Somali 5 5 0 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 385 220 165 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 5 0 5 1,045 520 525
Arabic 350 200 150 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 30 15 15 355 195 160
Maltese 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 365 165 200 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 15 125 55 70
Vietnamese 350 155 195 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 930 405 530 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 0 0 0 30 15 15
Cebuano 35 15 25 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 15 10 5 125 55 75
Ilocano 25 15 10 390 190 200
Malagasy 10 5 5 0 0 0
Malay 20 10 15 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 245 120 130
Pangasinan 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 815 350 465 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 30 15 15
Creole languages 5 0 0 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 90 50 40 800 400 400
Kannada 5 0 0 45 25 25
Malayalam 45 25 15 405 195 205
Tamil 20 10 15 240 120 120
Telugu 20 10 10 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 11,695 5,685 6,005 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 60 30 30 155 80 75
Armenian 0 5 0 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 1,615 755 855 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 25 10 10 25 10 15
Latvian 5 0 0 15 5 5
Lithuanian 25 15 10 10 5 5
Slavic languages 1,585 745 845 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 20 10 5 285 145 140
Bulgarian 15 5 10 65 30 30
Croatian 125 60 65 320 145 180
Czech 185 95 95 115 55 60
Macedonian 5 0 5 85 35 45
Polish 355 170 190 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 525 235 290 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 90 45 50 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 90 40 50
Slovak 55 20 35 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 20 55 20 30
Ukrainian 145 70 75 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages 10 10 5 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 2,800 1,330 1,465 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 275 130 145 200 100 100
Danish 25 10 15 10 5 5
Dutch 340 160 180 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 2,110 1,010 1,100 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 35 15 20
Norwegian 10 5 5 10 5 5
Swedish 30 15 15 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 15 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 5 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 465 240 225
Greek 85 40 40 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 5,305 2,660 2,640 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 5,075 2,535 2,540 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 85 45 40 690 390 305
Gujarati 35 20 15 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 240 130 105 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 5 0 5 40 25 20
Nepali 40 25 20 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 4,540 2,250 2,290 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 0 0 0 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 15 10 360 190 170
Urdu 105 50 55 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 225 120 100 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 15 10 5 275 135 140
Pashto 5 5 5 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 205 110 95 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 1,820 860 965 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 510 220 295 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 460 195 265 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 105 55 50 235 110 125
Spanish 745 390 355 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 320 135 185 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 5 0 10 5 5
Korean 765 370 395 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 20 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 5 0 0 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 5 0 0 75 40 35
Lingala 0 0 0 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 55 50
Shona 5 0 5 10 5 10
Swahili 0 5 0 500 240 265
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 10 5 5 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 130 60 70
Dinka 0 0 0 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Sign languages 180 100 85 560 310 255
American Sign Language 40 20 20 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 145 80 65 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,765 880 880 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 1,755 875 880 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 585 285 295 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 0 0 0 25 10 15
Mandarin 940 475 465 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 20 15 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 5 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 180 85 95 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 465 235 225
Burmese 10 5 5 55 30 25
Karenic languages 0 0 0 370 190 180
Tibetan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 70 25 45 535 250 280
Lao 5 5 0 430 210 220
Thai 65 20 40 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 30 15 15 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkish 20 10 10 65 35 35
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 5 5 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 355 150 200 305 140 165
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 75 30 45 35 15 15
Hungarian 280 125 155 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 40 25 20
Multiple responses 9,140 4,150 4,990 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 550 275 275 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 8,455 3,825 4,625 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 25 10 15 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 120 40 75 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 539,805 263,795 276,010 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 508,600 249,370 259,230 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 8,255 4,025 4,230 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 4,785 2,090 2,700 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 17,705 8,105 9,600 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 1,230 570 660 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 16,470 7,530 8,940 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 45 20 25 305 150 150
English and non-official language 155 75 80 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 265 120 145 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 456,500 221,945 234,550 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 443,980 216,335 227,645 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,791 41,232 26,838 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 444,405 216,640 227,765 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,631 36,178 25,048 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 403,260 199,750 203,510 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,431 38,105 22,900 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 322,275 142,690 179,585 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,847 8,513 7,263 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 320,145 163,335 156,805 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,781 36,961 23,203 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 456,500 221,870 234,630 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 444,105 216,400 227,705 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,204 54,135 34,765 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 444,575 216,700 227,875 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,209 44,356 30,413 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 403,550 199,935 203,615 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,767 52,151 31,570 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 322,440 142,550 179,890 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,610 9,037 8,272 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 320,140 163,065 157,075 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,674 48,992 30,001 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 456,500 221,870 234,630 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 124,650 70,415 54,230 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,262 60,452 43,182 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 60,105 69,216 48,275 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 85.8 89.0 81.2 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 64.9 68.5 59.6 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 14.2 11.0 18.8 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 456,495 221,950 234,555 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 12,520 5,615 6,905 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 443,980 216,335 227,645 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 97.3 97.5 97.1 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 57,430 22,900 34,530 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 80,510 30,375 50,140 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 67,730 27,585 40,145 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 55,345 24,330 31,010 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 45,830 22,245 23,585 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 34,150 18,590 15,565 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 26,450 16,355 10,100 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 19,640 12,630 7,010 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 14,915 9,695 5,220 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 10,580 7,315 3,265 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 31,395 24,310 7,080 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 21,860 16,840 5,020 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 9,530 7,470 2,060 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 456,500 221,950 234,550 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 12,095 5,310 6,785 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 444,400 216,635 227,765 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 97.3 97.6 97.1 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 60,570 24,340 36,230 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 84,880 32,895 51,985 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 79,325 32,880 46,445 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 63,495 29,080 34,415 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 48,610 25,315 23,295 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 34,595 21,110 13,485 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 23,960 15,460 8,500 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 17,005 11,370 5,635 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 31,965 24,180 7,780 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 10,250 7,455 2,800 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 6,525 4,975 1,550 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 15,185 11,750 3,435 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 456,500 221,950 234,550 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 136,360 58,615 77,745 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 320,140 163,335 156,805 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 70.1 73.6 66.9 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 59,625 28,100 31,525 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 25,395 10,685 14,710 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 42,900 17,730 25,170 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 36,405 15,245 21,160 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 32,360 13,925 18,430 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 28,195 13,130 15,065 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 21,835 11,935 9,905 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 17,615 11,245 6,370 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 14,050 9,180 4,870 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 41,760 32,155 9,605 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 11,235 7,535 3,700 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 7,975 5,855 2,125 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 22,550 18,770 3,780 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 232,890 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 66,389 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 58,591 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 65,060 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,142 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,075 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 167,825 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,343 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,965 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 232,890 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 84,294 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,031 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 65,115 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,952 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,806 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 167,775 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,727 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,702 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 232,890 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,380 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,695 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,440 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,030 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 11,260 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 9,585 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 11,220 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 10,985 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 10,505 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 10,165 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 18,925 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 17,420 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 15,755 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,015 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,465 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 68,030 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 24,140 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 16,055 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 16,430 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 11,405 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 232,890 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,670 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,770 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 6,600 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 10,370 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 12,885 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 11,530 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 13,295 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 12,510 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 12,375 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 11,510 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 21,905 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 19,655 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 17,500 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 14,750 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 12,635 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 48,925 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 21,875 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 12,185 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 14,865 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 159,450 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 83,032 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 72,624 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 80,235 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,100 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,211 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 53,590 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 112,261 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 96,162 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 21,080 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,713 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,890 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 159,385 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,699 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,516 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 79,990 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,810 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,798 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 53,630 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,952 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 107,258 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 21,025 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,830 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,783 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 93,415 44,425 48,990 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,288 31,946 27,566 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,810 28,685 25,717 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 92,745 43,980 48,760 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 38,615 42,175 35,405 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,122 35,478 30,997 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 532,680 260,665 272,010 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 273,205 128,575 144,630 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 55,090 26,190 28,895 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 57,000 25,240 31,760 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 54,415 25,390 29,025 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 52,545 25,285 27,255 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 54,160 26,475 27,690 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 259,465 132,090 127,375 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 54,655 27,220 27,435 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 53,690 27,045 26,645 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 53,550 27,405 26,150 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 52,095 26,755 25,335 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 45,470 23,660 21,810 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 508,105 248,820 259,285 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 88,965 45,230 43,735 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 27,530 14,010 13,520 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 308,650 150,370 158,285 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 110,485 53,220 57,265 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 71,550 32,510 39,040 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 15,160 7,665 7,495 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 4,925 2,490 2,435 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 40,630 18,575 22,055 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 15,760 6,270 9,490 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.1 13.1 15.1 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 16.9 17.1 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 17.9 17.8 18.0 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.2 12.4 13.9 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 14.3 11.8 16.6 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 36,810 17,965 18,845 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 7,295 3,690 3,605 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 2,260 1,160 1,095 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 27,125 13,250 13,880 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 2,385 1,025 1,370 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.2 7.2 7.3 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 8.2 8.2 8.2 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 8.2 8.3 8.1 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 8.8 8.8 8.8 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 2.2 1.9 2.4 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 532,675 260,665 272,010 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 530,250 259,620 270,630 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 530,060 259,525 270,525 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 32,720 14,750 17,970 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 68,965 32,095 36,870 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 2,580 1,170 1,415 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 275 100 175 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 10 0 10 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 230 90 140 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 85 25 55
Plains Cree 70 20 50 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 0 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 25 10 10 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 120 55 60 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 10 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 10 35 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 45 10 35 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 210 90 110 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 190 85 105 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 10 0 10 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 40 15 15 0 0 0
Chilcotin 125 60 70 0 0 0
Dene 10 10 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 10 0 10 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 10 10 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 10 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 10 10 0
Haida 10 10 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 30 10 25 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 25 10 15 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 15 10 10
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 10 10 0 0 0 0
Michif 20 10 10 210 115 95
Salish languages 2,005 940 1,060 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 10 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 50 20 25 0 0 0
Okanagan 760 345 420 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 850 395 455 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 385 195 190 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 0 0 0
Siouan languages 10 0 10 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 15 0 10 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 10 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 10 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 10 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 10 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 10 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 20 10 20 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 66,415 30,940 35,475 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,005 555 445 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 0 0 0 85 50 40
Kabyle 0 0 0 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 35 20 15 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 0 0 0 210 120 85
Oromo 25 15 15 535 275 260
Somali 10 10 0 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 950 525 420 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 45 20 25 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 735 425 310 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 145 70 75 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 20 0 15 65 30 35
Tigrigna 0 0 0 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 795 340 455 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 10 35 335 185 150
Vietnamese 755 335 420 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 3,485 1,130 2,350 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 15 0 10 225 100 125
Cebuano 165 30 135 1,615 805 810
Fijian 10 10 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 90 45 45 425 180 245
Ilocano 130 55 75 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 15 10 0 0 0 0
Malay 290 120 165 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 15 945 415 530
Pangasinan 0 0 0 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,060 960 2,100 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 15 0 10 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 55 15 35 200 80 120
Creole languages 130 60 70 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 15 0 0 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 45 30 15 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 75 30 50 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 220 130 90 1,840 945 895
Kannada 0 10 0 175 95 80
Malayalam 145 90 50 830 400 430
Tamil 65 35 35 655 330 325
Telugu 25 10 15 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 51,665 24,650 27,015 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 125 50 70 390 195 195
Armenian 25 10 10 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 8,275 3,890 4,385 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 75 25 50 230 90 140
Latvian 60 25 40 115 45 70
Lithuanian 10 0 10 120 50 65
Slavic languages 8,200 3,865 4,340 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 25 0 15 65 25 45
Bosnian 70 25 50 835 405 430
Bulgarian 85 45 40 155 95 60
Croatian 770 370 405 1,595 765 825
Czech 875 465 415 735 335 395
Macedonian 0 0 0 140 75 60
Polish 1,600 690 910 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 2,595 1,215 1,380 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 440 205 230 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 100 50 40 190 75 115
Slovak 330 160 175 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 225 105 120 275 100 175
Ukrainian 1,705 825 880 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 65 20 40 70 35 30
Celtic languages 110 65 50 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 65 35 25 90 65 25
Welsh 25 15 15 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 45 15 25
Germanic languages 20,580 9,690 10,895 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 735 370 370 715 330 385
Danish 535 235 300 270 120 150
Dutch 3,025 1,445 1,585 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 65 40 30 90 65 30
German 16,020 7,510 8,510 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 15 10 0 560 225 335
Norwegian 265 140 125 290 115 175
Swedish 455 210 245 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 80 40 40 270 120 155
Yiddish 0 0 0 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 425 220 200 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 9,720 5,010 4,710 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 9,065 4,670 4,395 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 175 110 70 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 115 65 55 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 1,580 855 730 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 10
Konkani 15 10 0 40 30 10
Marathi 25 20 0 275 170 105
Nepali 110 55 55 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 7,730 3,910 3,820 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 55 25 25 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 45 20 25 920 500 420
Urdu 505 305 205 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 655 350 315 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 55 30 25 600 295 305
Pashto 15 0 10 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 630 335 290 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 14,370 6,710 7,655 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 40 25 15 15 10 10
Italian 3,825 1,870 1,950 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 1,920 895 1,025 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 410 205 205 785 395 390
Spanish 8,710 3,975 4,735 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 45 45 0 60 45 15
Japanese 1,820 740 1,080 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 15
Georgian 0 0 0 15 0 15
Korean 1,170 495 675 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 55 20 35
Mongolian 10 10 10 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 315 165 155 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 45 35 10 260 165 95
Bamanankan 0 0 0 160 95 65
Edo 0 0 0 95 60 30
Ewe 0 0 0 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 10 0 50 25 25
Ga 20 25 0 30 10 15
Ganda 0 0 0 230 110 120
Igbo 20 20 0 665 345 325
Lingala 0 0 10 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 10 305 155 155
Shona 30 15 15 250 110 140
Swahili 65 25 40 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 10 0 0 150 85 70
Yoruba 35 25 15 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 105 35 70 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 410 225 185
Dinka 0 0 0 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 105
Sign languages 990 360 635 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 465 145 325 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 540 220 315 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,520 1,730 1,790 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 3,520 1,735 1,790 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 1,315 600 715 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 35 15 20 50 30 20
Mandarin 2,090 1,035 1,055 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 135 55 80 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 20 0 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 375 180 200 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 675 310 370
Burmese 0 0 0 185 115 70
Karenic languages 0 0 0 465 200 265
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 320 105 215 1,565 730 835
Lao 20 10 15 1,120 520 600
Thai 290 90 200 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 175 100 75 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 25 20 10 50 25 30
Turkish 140 75 70 365 180 185
Uyghur 10 10 0 30 15 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 45 15 30
Uralic languages 1,985 915 1,070 1,550 730 815
Estonian 70 40 25 45 20 25
Finnish 485 200 280 265 105 160
Hungarian 1,445 675 765 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 532,680 260,665 272,010 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 512,215 250,740 261,475 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 90,670 46,200 44,475 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 421,540 204,540 216,995 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 20,460 9,925 10,540 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 532,675 260,670 272,010 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 463,940 227,880 236,060 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 64,130 30,305 33,825 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 33,245 16,195 17,055 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 6,745 2,990 3,745 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 7,695 3,370 4,325 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 10,240 4,800 5,445 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 4,335 2,045 2,295 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 5,905 2,755 3,150 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 6,200 2,950 3,255 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 4,610 2,485 2,120 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 64,130 30,300 33,825 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 7,525 3,600 3,925 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 11,985 6,035 5,955 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 16,240 7,355 8,885 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 23,805 11,180 12,625 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 4,570 2,135 2,430 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 64,130 30,300 33,825 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 9,190 4,025 5,170 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 190 65 120 435 170 265
Colombia 165 65 105 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 235 125 110 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 85 25 55 1,135 515 620
Haiti 55 20 35 155 75 80
Jamaica 385 180 205 1,810 835 970
Mexico 560 215 345 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 165 45 115 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 105 60 45 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 6,260 2,755 3,500 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 995 455 540 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 37,090 18,310 18,780 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 240 120 120 1,055 530 525
Croatia 505 240 260 975 445 535
France 490 255 235 795 425 365
Germany 6,655 3,230 3,425 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 150 80 70 820 445 375
Hungary 840 415 430 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 375 185 185 650 310 340
Italy 1,865 1,030 835 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 2,685 1,460 1,225 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 1,570 685 880 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 1,035 530 505 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 520 270 255 720 345 375
Russian Federation 590 245 345 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 290 110 175 355 175 175
Ukraine 550 250 290 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 13,860 6,800 7,060 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 4,885 2,400 2,490 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 1,885 860 1,025 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 15 0 10 115 60 55
Egypt 95 40 55 980 525 455
Ethiopia 65 25 35 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 75 45 30 935 470 465
Morocco 30 10 20 250 140 110
Nigeria 35 25 0 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 0 0 0 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 1,025 445 580 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 550 265 290 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 14,290 6,190 8,095 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 45 25 20 615 285 330
Bangladesh 70 40 30 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,440 635 805 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 350 150 200 1,460 715 735
India 4,995 2,475 2,515 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 450 245 205 1,180 655 530
Iraq 50 30 20 860 460 400
Japan 530 135 395 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 895 385 510 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 110 75 35 265 165 100
Pakistan 355 175 180 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 2,755 850 1,905 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 70 25 45 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 70 50 25 805 390 410
Taiwan 245 110 140 215 110 110
Viet Nam 560 225 335 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 1,310 565 740 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 1,675 920 750 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,200 2,945 3,255 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 1,095 560 535 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 35 15 20 100 35 65
Colombia 15 10 10 185 70 120
Cuba 15 10 10 75 25 55
Haiti 10 10 0 15 10 0
Jamaica 265 145 120 340 175 165
Mexico 200 90 110 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 445 240 210 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 10 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 95 35 65 1,490 640 850
Europe 1,545 785 760 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 30 15 20 135 70 75
Germany 170 100 75 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 45 15 25 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 0 15 160 85 70
Romania 25 20 15 70 30 35
Russian Federation 100 45 50 1,145 530