Census Profile, 2016 Census
Dartmouth--Cole Harbour [Federal electoral district], Nova Scotia and Nova Scotia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Dartmouth--Cole Harbour
Nova Scotia
[Federal electoral district]
Nova Scotia

[Province]
Data quality , Dartmouth--Cole Harbour [Federal electoral district], Nova Scotia  Map : Dartmouth--Cole Harbour [Federal electoral district], Nova Scotia Data quality : Nova Scotia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 92,301  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 923,598  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 91,212  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 921,727  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 0.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 43,297  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 458,568  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 40,921  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,025.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 90.00  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 52,942.27  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 92,300 44,125 48,175 923,600 446,885 476,715
0 to 14 years 13,450 6,750 6,700 133,825 68,370 65,455
0 to 4 years 4,540 2,270 2,270 42,005 21,365 20,640
5 to 9 years 4,600 2,325 2,270 45,980 23,650 22,330
10 to 14 years 4,305 2,145 2,160 45,845 23,350 22,490
15 to 64 years 63,065 30,445 32,620 605,950 295,100 310,845
15 to 19 years 4,880 2,460 2,420 51,255 26,240 25,015
20 to 24 years 5,785 2,900 2,885 56,160 28,150 28,010
25 to 29 years 6,215 3,130 3,085 53,725 26,790 26,940
30 to 34 years 6,100 2,930 3,170 51,730 25,130 26,600
35 to 39 years 5,940 2,865 3,075 52,010 24,560 27,450
40 to 44 years 5,875 2,745 3,135 57,050 27,245 29,805
45 to 49 years 6,180 2,870 3,310 61,890 29,720 32,170
50 to 54 years 7,830 3,810 4,020 75,675 36,615 39,065
55 to 59 years 7,705 3,675 4,030 76,505 36,925 39,580
60 to 64 years 6,560 3,065 3,500 69,960 33,735 36,225
65 years and over 15,785 6,930 8,850 183,820 83,415 100,405
65 to 69 years 5,465 2,580 2,885 63,710 30,810 32,905
70 to 74 years 3,720 1,705 2,020 45,005 21,520 23,485
75 to 79 years 2,740 1,195 1,550 31,545 14,520 17,030
80 to 84 years 2,055 860 1,195 21,915 9,425 12,495
85 years and over 1,800 590 1,205 21,645 7,140 14,505
85 to 89 years 1,175 425 755 13,205 4,845 8,360
90 to 94 years 500 140 360 6,320 1,830 4,485
95 to 99 years 115 35 85 1,855 415 1,430
100 years and over 10 0 10 270 45 225
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.3 13.9 14.5 15.3 13.7
15 to 64 years 68.3 69.0 67.7 65.6 66.0 65.2
65 years and over 17.1 15.7 18.4 19.9 18.7 21.1
85 years and over 2.0 1.3 2.5 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 42.2 41.2 43.2 43.5 42.5 44.4
Median age of the population 43.3 41.9 44.4 45.5 44.5 46.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 40,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 19,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 263,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,350  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 18,845  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 102,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 3,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 11,690  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,405  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 780  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,870  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 40,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 12,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 15,185  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 156,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 6,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 4,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 44,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 91,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.3  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 78,850 37,380 41,475 789,770 378,515 411,255
Married or living common law 43,260 21,610 21,655 454,970 227,220 227,750
Married 34,380 17,175 17,200 369,695 184,705 184,990
Living common law 8,885 4,430 4,455 85,275 42,515 42,760
Not married and not living common law 35,590 15,770 19,820 334,800 151,295 183,505
Never married 22,990 11,730 11,265 209,455 110,175 99,280
Separated 2,650 1,135 1,515 24,105 10,450 13,655
Divorced 5,550 1,990 3,565 48,835 19,715 29,115
Widowed 4,395 915 3,485 52,405 10,955 41,455
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 26,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 270,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 15,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 157,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 5,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 56,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 4,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 41,095  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 26,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 270,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 21,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 224,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 16,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 181,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 4,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 4,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 9,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 21,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 224,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 11,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 128,125  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 9,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 95,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 4,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 3,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 37,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 46,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 3,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 19,300 8,780 10,525 175,575 81,140 94,435
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 40,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 25,500  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 260,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 124,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 14,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 14,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 12,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 17,750  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 91,335 43,635 47,695 912,300 442,470 469,830
English only 80,220 38,725 41,490 813,480 398,950 414,530
French only 150 65 95 705 305 400
English and French 10,730 4,750 5,985 95,380 41,925 53,460
Neither English nor French 230 100 135 2,735 1,295 1,440
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 91,335 43,635 47,695 912,295 442,470 469,830
English 88,090 42,060 46,035 879,465 426,535 452,930
French 2,790 1,380 1,410 28,490 13,890 14,600
English and French 225 105 125 1,760 825 930
Neither English nor French 225 100 130 2,585 1,215 1,365
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,900 1,430 1,470 29,370 14,300 15,070
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 3.2 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.2
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 91,335 43,635 47,700 912,295 442,470 469,830
Single responses 90,300 43,130 47,175 904,240 438,550 465,690
Official languages 86,105 41,030 45,075 859,690 416,245 443,445
English 83,220 39,605 43,610 830,220 401,980 428,240
French 2,885 1,425 1,460 29,465 14,265 15,205
Non-official languages 4,195 2,100 2,100 44,550 22,305 22,245
Aboriginal languages 25 15 10 4,290 2,020 2,270
Algonquian languages 20 10 5 4,210 1,985 2,225
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 5 15 10 5
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 5 5 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 5 5 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 20 10 10 4,190 1,975 2,215
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 5
Mi'kmaq 15 10 5 4,185 1,970 2,215
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 5 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 5 0 0 55 30 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 4,170 2,080 2,090 40,260 20,285 19,975
Afro-Asiatic languages 625 335 285 7,760 4,275 3,480
Berber languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 5 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 5 5 0
Cushitic languages 5 0 5 130 65 65
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 60 30 25
Somali 0 0 0 50 20 30
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Semitic languages 620 330 285 7,615 4,205 3,415
Amharic 0 5 0 115 50 65
Arabic 590 320 270 7,110 3,950 3,165
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 5 5 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 5 5 210 115 95
Maltese 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tigrigna 5 0 0 140 65 80
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 80 40 40 505 245 260
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 0 5 5 5
Vietnamese 75 40 35 490 240 250
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 450 210 240 2,235 940 1,300
Bikol 0 0 0 5 5 5
Cebuano 30 15 20 150 60 90
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 25 10 15
Ilocano 10 0 5 55 15 40
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 5 0
Malay 10 5 5 55 25 35
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 15 5 5
Pangasinan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 390 190 200 1,905 810 1,090
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 5 0 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 15
Creole languages 15 10 5 95 60 35
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 5 5 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 35 20 10
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 55 35 20
Dravidian languages 115 65 50 1,010 595 420
Kannada 0 5 0 40 20 15
Malayalam 25 10 15 365 205 165
Tamil 25 15 10 315 185 130
Telugu 60 35 25 285 180 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 2,065 1,035 1,035 18,590 9,320 9,270
Albanian 40 20 25 275 130 140
Armenian 5 0 5 35 30 10
Balto-Slavic languages 400 200 205 3,470 1,645 1,830
Baltic languages 10 5 5 100 35 60
Latvian 0 0 5 50 20 30
Lithuanian 0 5 5 45 15 30
Slavic languages 395 195 200 3,375 1,610 1,765
Belarusan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Bosnian 15 10 10 120 60 65
Bulgarian 5 5 0 55 25 30
Croatian 40 15 25 225 105 115
Czech 15 5 10 205 105 100
Macedonian 0 0 0 20 10 15
Polish 95 45 50 795 365 435
Russian 155 75 75 1,285 615 670
Serbian 5 5 0 115 60 65
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 80 40 40
Slovak 5 5 0 100 45 55
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 35 15 15
Ukrainian 40 20 20 320 155 170
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Celtic languages 5 5 5 185 80 100
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 145 65 85
Welsh 5 5 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages 375 170 205 5,700 2,800 2,900
Afrikaans 10 5 5 120 55 60
Danish 20 15 10 160 105 60
Dutch 80 45 40 1,620 815 805
Frisian 0 0 5 35 20 15
German 220 90 125 3,435 1,645 1,790
Icelandic 10 5 5 45 20 20
Norwegian 20 10 10 110 60 50
Swedish 5 5 10 110 45 65
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 25 10 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 20 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Greek 65 40 30 760 390 365
Indo-Iranian languages 620 335 285 4,835 2,650 2,190
Indo-Aryan languages 395 210 185 3,385 1,895 1,490
Bengali 60 40 25 475 290 185
Gujarati 25 15 10 195 125 70
Hindi 90 45 45 745 445 300
Kashmiri 5 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 5 0 5 5 5
Marathi 0 0 0 70 35 35
Nepali 25 10 10 530 255 275
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 100 55 45 585 310 270
Sindhi 0 0 0 20 10 5
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 10 165 85 85
Urdu 65 40 30 575 330 245
Iranian languages 225 125 100 1,425 740 690
Kurdish 0 0 0 115 65 50
Pashto 10 5 0 80 45 35
Persian (Farsi) 210 110 95 1,230 630 605
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 10 15
Italic (Romance) languages 555 270 285 3,335 1,605 1,730
Catalan 0 0 5 10 5 5
Italian 105 65 40 745 400 340
Portuguese 125 55 65 520 245 270
Romanian 30 15 10 225 110 120
Spanish 295 135 160 1,830 840 985
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Japanese 55 15 40 360 100 260
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 5 0 0
Korean 55 25 30 1,095 475 620
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 5 5 5
Mongolian 5 5 5 0 5 0
Niger-Congo languages 75 45 25 630 325 305
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 40 25 25
Bamanankan 5 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 5 5 5 5 0 5
Ewe 0 0 0 40 25 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ga 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ganda 0 0 0 20 5 15
Igbo 10 5 0 45 20 20
Lingala 0 0 5 5 0 5
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 5 20 10 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 50 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 30 15 15
Swahili 10 10 5 135 65 70
Wolof 0 0 0 10 10 0
Yoruba 5 5 0 65 35 30
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 140 75 70
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 75 40 40
Dinka 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 55 25 25
Sign languages 35 15 15 190 90 100
American Sign Language 25 10 10 85 40 50
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 105 50 55
Sino-Tibetan languages 465 220 240 6,665 3,335 3,330
Chinese languages 460 220 240 6,635 3,320 3,315
Cantonese 165 80 90 1,145 535 610
Hakka 5 5 5 20 5 15
Mandarin 230 110 125 4,640 2,325 2,315
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 10 10 120 50 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 50 30 20
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 20 15 645 365 280
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 5 30 15 20
Burmese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tai-Kadai languages 15 5 5 155 55 100
Lao 5 0 0 10 0 5
Thai 15 5 5 150 50 100
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 55 30 25 445 240 205
Azerbaijani 0 5 0 10 10 5
Turkish 55 25 25 305 165 140
Uyghur 0 0 0 5 5 5
Uzbek 5 0 5 110 60 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Uralic languages 55 25 35 415 180 235
Estonian 5 5 5 40 20 25
Finnish 5 0 5 95 30 60
Hungarian 50 25 25 275 130 150
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 10 15
Multiple responses 1,030 510 525 8,060 3,920 4,140
English and French 450 205 245 3,445 1,600 1,850
English and non-official language 535 270 260 4,180 2,110 2,070
French and non-official language 25 10 15 225 115 105
English, French and non-official language 25 15 5 210 90 120
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 91,335 43,635 47,695 912,300 442,470 469,830
Single responses 89,865 42,925 46,940 900,755 436,755 464,000
Official languages 87,970 41,985 45,985 878,015 425,220 452,795
English 86,705 41,365 45,340 863,550 418,315 445,240
French 1,260 615 645 14,460 6,910 7,560
Non-official languages 1,895 940 955 22,740 11,540 11,205
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 2,570 1,285 1,295
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 2,565 1,280 1,285
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 2,560 1,280 1,280
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 0 2,560 1,275 1,280
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 5 0 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 1,890 940 955 20,170 10,255 9,915
Afro-Asiatic languages 310 155 160 4,630 2,450 2,180
Berber languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kabyle 0 0 0 0 0 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 45 20 25
Somali 0 0 0 25 10 15
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 5
Semitic languages 305 150 155 4,540 2,405 2,130
Amharic 0 0 0 55 25 30
Arabic 300 145 155 4,260 2,270 1,990
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 125 70 55
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 5 0 95 40 55
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 15 25 330 160 165
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Vietnamese 40 15 25 330 165 170
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 255 130 130 1,140 550 585
Bikol 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cebuano 20 5 10 55 20 35
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 5 5 5
Ilocano 0 0 0 15 5 5
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 0 0 0 0 5
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 240 120 110 1,065 520 545
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole languages 0 0 0 35 20 20
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 0
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 5 5
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 10 15
Dravidian languages 65 35 25 425 240 185
Kannada 0 0 0 15 5 10
Malayalam 10 5 5 140 75 60
Tamil 5 5 5 140 80 60
Telugu 40 25 15 125 80 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 795 400 395 7,410 3,715 3,690
Albanian 15 5 5 110 60 55
Armenian 5 0 0 15 10 10
Balto-Slavic languages 135 65 75 1,405 680 720
Baltic languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Latvian 0 0 0 10 5 10
Lithuanian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Slavic languages 135 60 70 1,375 675 700
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Bosnian 10 5 5 65 30 30
Bulgarian 5 0 0 25 15 10
Croatian 10 5 0 65 25 40
Czech 10 0 0 45 25 20
Macedonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Polish 25 10 15 235 105 125
Russian 65 30 35 785 385 390
Serbian 5 0 5 60 25 35
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 30 15 10
Slovak 0 0 0 20 10 15
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ukrainian 10 5 5 55 30 20
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Celtic languages 0 5 0 60 35 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 60 35 30
Welsh 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 65 35 30 1,490 725 760
Afrikaans 0 5 0 30 15 15
Danish 0 0 5 15 0 15
Dutch 5 5 0 135 70 70
Frisian 0 0 0 5 0 0
German 35 20 15 1,225 600 625
Icelandic 10 5 5 30 10 15
Norwegian 5 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 15 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Greek 20 10 10 270 135 130
Indo-Iranian languages 345 180 165 2,815 1,475 1,335
Indo-Aryan languages 190 100 90 1,850 995 860
Bengali 35 15 15 250 135 115
Gujarati 5 5 5 100 60 35
Hindi 50 25 25 310 190 120
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 0
Konkani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Marathi 0 0 0 30 15 15
Nepali 20 10 10 475 235 240
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40 20 20 250 125 125
Sindhi 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 95 45 50
Urdu 30 25 15 340 175 165
Iranian languages 155 80 70 960 475 480
Kurdish 0 5 5 85 50 40
Pashto 0 0 0 45 20 20
Persian (Farsi) 150 80 70 825 405 420
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 5 0
Italic (Romance) languages 205 95 115 1,240 595 645
Catalan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Italian 20 10 10 165 70 85
Portuguese 45 20 30 195 90 105
Romanian 0 0 0 70 35 35
Spanish 140 65 75 810 390 420
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Japanese 20 5 10 110 35 70
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Korean 25 15 15 710 330 385
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 5 0 5 165 80 85
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Bamanankan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Edo 5 0 0 0 0 0
Ewe 0 0 0 15 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Lingala 0 0 0 0 5 0
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Shona 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swahili 0 0 0 60 30 35
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 20 10 10
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 35 20 20
Dinka 0 0 0 10 5 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Sign languages 50 20 30 285 145 140
American Sign Language 30 10 20 110 55 60
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 5 10 175 90 80
Sino-Tibetan languages 285 140 140 4,550 2,345 2,200
Chinese languages 280 140 145 4,545 2,345 2,200
Cantonese 85 45 45 640 335 310
Hakka 5 0 0 5 0 0
Mandarin 150 75 80 3,410 1,740 1,675
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 5 0 45 25 25
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 5 25 10 10
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 15 10 415 235 180
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Lao 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thai 0 0 0 55 15 35
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 35 15 15 215 110 105
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 5 5 0
Turkish 30 15 15 140 70 75
Uyghur 0 0 0 0 0 0
Uzbek 5 5 5 70 40 30
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Uralic languages 15 10 10 75 35 40
Estonian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Finnish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hungarian 10 5 5 55 25 30
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Multiple responses 1,470 710 760 11,540 5,715 5,825
English and French 330 145 185 2,180 995 1,185
English and non-official language 1,080 530 545 8,970 4,515 4,450
French and non-official language 10 5 5 75 40 30
English, French and non-official language 50 25 25 315 155 160
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 91,330 43,635 47,695 912,295 442,470 469,825
None 86,050 41,175 44,875 861,780 418,525 443,260
English 1,445 720 725 17,005 8,480 8,525
French 1,985 835 1,145 16,390 7,210 9,175
Non-official language 1,750 855 895 16,275 7,850 8,420
Aboriginal 40 20 25 2,135 930 1,205
Non-Aboriginal 1,710 840 870 14,135 6,920 7,220
English and French 25 15 10 150 70 80
English and non-official language 25 10 10 220 105 115
French and non-official language 60 25 35 470 230 245
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 5 5 0
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 77,620 36,780 40,845 774,750 372,455 402,290
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,855 35,480 39,370 744,260 358,055 386,205
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,145 43,332 30,852 31,813 38,379 26,750
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,885 35,480 39,400 744,545 358,085 386,455
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,672 37,045 27,673 28,627 33,642 24,590
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,500 32,780 34,720 648,960 320,380 328,580
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,542 41,526 28,734 29,938 36,363 24,497
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 52,350 21,745 30,605 554,985 243,860 311,130
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,053 5,724 6,244 7,438 8,175 6,961
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 55,240 27,570 27,670 523,020 264,375 258,645
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,317 39,580 30,125 29,979 35,676 25,405
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 77,650 36,750 40,900 774,750 372,455 402,295
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,860 35,390 39,470 744,275 357,820 386,455
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,544 52,869 37,079 41,479 49,413 34,132
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,905 35,405 39,500 744,560 357,855 386,710
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,409 42,364 31,071 34,175 39,776 28,993
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,445 32,635 34,810 648,910 320,370 328,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,624 52,567 35,240 40,299 48,457 32,345
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 52,390 21,590 30,795 555,740 243,445 312,295
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,491 7,209 7,689 8,495 8,859 8,211
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 55,260 27,505 27,750 523,020 264,475 258,545
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,525 49,326 35,783 39,522 46,606 32,275
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 77,645 36,745 40,900 774,750 372,455 402,295
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 29,450 15,810 13,640 245,425 131,095 114,325
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,124 55,607 45,624 47,665 53,785 42,236
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,350 64,614 51,088 56,820 63,886 48,717
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.1 91.5 83.8 84.6 87.7 80.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.6 73.2 67.4 66.9 69.7 63.3
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.9 8.5 16.2 15.4 12.3 19.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 77,620 36,780 40,840 774,750 372,455 402,295
Without total income 2,770 1,305 1,470 30,485 14,395 16,090
With total income 74,850 35,480 39,375 744,265 358,060 386,205
Percentage with total income 96.4 96.5 96.4 96.1 96.1 96.0
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,465 4,065 5,400 104,125 43,575 60,545
$10,000 to $19,999 11,700 4,345 7,355 134,355 50,310 84,050
$20,000 to $29,999 10,240 3,810 6,425 114,855 47,195 67,660
$30,000 to $39,999 9,630 4,130 5,500 98,325 45,040 53,280
$40,000 to $49,999 8,550 3,990 4,560 79,435 39,605 39,830
$50,000 to $59,999 6,565 3,395 3,175 57,255 32,255 25,000
$60,000 to $69,999 5,040 2,950 2,095 41,715 25,830 15,885
$70,000 to $79,999 4,095 2,400 1,690 33,195 19,945 13,250
$80,000 to $89,999 3,245 1,885 1,365 25,500 14,900 10,605
$90,000 to $99,999 1,925 1,290 635 15,530 10,095 5,435
$100,000 and over 4,395 3,220 1,165 39,965 29,300 10,665
$100,000 to $149,999 3,245 2,335 915 28,130 20,205 7,925
$150,000 and over 1,145 885 260 11,835 9,095 2,745
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 77,620 36,780 40,845 774,750 372,455 402,295
Without after-tax income 2,735 1,295 1,440 30,205 14,370 15,840
With after-tax income 74,885 35,485 39,405 744,540 358,085 386,455
Percentage with after-tax income 96.5 96.5 96.5 96.1 96.1 96.1
Under $10,000 (including loss) 10,045 4,135 5,905 108,630 44,435 64,195
$10,000 to $19,999 12,525 4,755 7,770 142,975 54,160 88,815
$20,000 to $29,999 12,740 4,970 7,775 138,435 58,900 79,535
$30,000 to $39,999 12,030 5,380 6,650 119,130 56,990 62,145
$40,000 to $49,999 9,470 4,775 4,700 84,245 46,675 37,565
$50,000 to $59,999 6,760 4,030 2,730 56,235 34,590 21,645
$60,000 to $69,999 4,980 2,940 2,035 39,320 23,195 16,125
$70,000 to $79,999 2,610 1,735 875 21,210 13,950 7,260
$80,000 and over 3,735 2,765 970 34,360 25,185 9,170
$80,000 to $89,999 1,370 965 405 11,615 8,185 3,430
$90,000 to $99,999 775 565 210 6,825 4,950 1,875
$100,000 and over 1,595 1,240 355 15,915 12,050 3,860
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 77,620 36,780 40,840 774,745 372,455 402,295
Without employment income 22,385 9,210 13,170 251,730 108,080 143,650
With employment income 55,240 27,570 27,670 523,020 264,370 258,640
Percentage with employment income 71.2 75.0 67.8 67.5 71.0 64.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 6,705 3,085 3,620 72,940 34,125 38,820
$5,000 to $9,999 4,220 1,850 2,370 45,820 19,475 26,350
$10,000 to $19,999 7,115 3,080 4,040 76,685 33,555 43,130
$20,000 to $29,999 6,730 2,970 3,755 66,155 29,385 36,770
$30,000 to $39,999 6,500 2,925 3,570 60,485 27,455 33,035
$40,000 to $49,999 5,630 2,605 3,025 49,395 24,470 24,925
$50,000 to $59,999 4,415 2,245 2,170 37,685 21,735 15,955
$60,000 to $69,999 3,490 2,015 1,470 28,695 17,955 10,740
$70,000 to $79,999 3,115 1,785 1,325 24,970 14,750 10,220
$80,000 and over 7,330 5,010 2,320 60,175 41,470 18,705
$80,000 to $89,999 2,615 1,520 1,095 20,175 11,645 8,535
$90,000 to $99,999 1,535 1,060 475 11,685 7,975 3,715
$100,000 and over 3,175 2,425 755 28,310 21,850 6,460
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 40,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 67,547  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 60,764  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 57,584  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 53,129  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 12,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,377  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 28,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 283,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,345  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,136  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,934  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 40,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,797  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 66,619  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 63,299  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 12,960  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 118,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,793  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 39,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,538  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 32,962  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 27,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 283,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,383  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,476  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,011  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 40,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 6,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 720  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 18,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 30,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 27,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 20,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 11,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 100,600  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 38,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 1,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 40,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 401,990  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 7,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 25,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 23,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 22,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 21,635  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 35,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 29,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 24,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 19,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 7,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 64,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 31,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,905  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 15,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 16,280  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 26,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 269,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 86,798  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 77,529  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 73,128  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 66,728  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,213  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 61,883  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 9,670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,460  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,620  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,981  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,367  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 88,099  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,589  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 45,597  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 44,388  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 42,309  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 26,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 269,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 93,027  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,768  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 76,371  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 121,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 97,913  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 85,511  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,143  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 9,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,416  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 119,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,943  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,021  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 43,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,933  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,587  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,922  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 47,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 17,510 8,105 9,410 157,715 73,825 83,890
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,943 33,995 31,971 28,180 30,235 26,673
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,066 29,715 28,606 25,848 27,176 24,859
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 17,510 8,000 9,515 157,410 73,440 83,970
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,255 40,632 38,098 36,847 38,945 35,012
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,635 33,336 32,045 30,893 31,946 29,973
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 91,050 43,515 47,530 908,340 440,700 467,640
In the bottom half of the distribution 46,620 21,435 25,180 519,830 244,725 275,105
In the bottom decile 9,905 4,580 5,325 105,810 49,730 56,080
In the second decile 8,525 3,640 4,890 112,825 49,900 62,920
In the third decile 9,090 4,165 4,930 102,515 48,345 54,175
In the fourth decile 9,405 4,425 4,980 100,645 48,515 52,130
In the fifth decile 9,695 4,625 5,070 98,030 48,235 49,800
In the top half of the distribution 44,430 22,080 22,350 388,510 195,975 192,540
In the sixth decile 10,250 4,960 5,295 94,350 47,240 47,110
In the seventh decile 9,740 4,890 4,855 89,765 45,260 44,505
In the eighth decile 9,990 4,960 5,030 83,140 41,815 41,330
In the ninth decile 8,945 4,530 4,410 69,850 35,450 34,400
In the top decile 5,500 2,735 2,760 51,410 26,210 25,195
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 90,845 43,430 47,415 898,345 435,895 462,450
0 to 17 years 16,135 8,080 8,055 159,820 81,670 78,150
0 to 5 years 5,475 2,745 2,730 49,595 25,280 24,310
18 to 64 years 59,695 28,670 31,025 565,395 274,120 291,275
65 years and over 15,015 6,680 8,335 173,125 80,100 93,025
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,150 5,785 7,360 154,955 70,415 84,540
0 to 17 years 3,370 1,685 1,680 35,525 18,145 17,380
0 to 5 years 1,300 625 670 12,740 6,470 6,275
18 to 64 years 8,220 3,580 4,640 88,355 40,375 47,985
65 years and over 1,560 525 1,035 31,075 11,890 19,185
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 14.5 13.3 15.5 17.2 16.2 18.3
0 to 17 years (%) 20.9 20.9 20.9 22.2 22.2 22.2
0 to 5 years (%) 23.7 22.8 24.5 25.7 25.6 25.8
18 to 64 years (%) 13.8 12.5 15.0 15.6 14.7 16.5
65 years and over (%) 10.4 7.9 12.4 17.9 14.8 20.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 8,415 3,960 4,455 70,745 34,290 36,460
0 to 17 years 1,920 970 950 15,285 7,805 7,485
0 to 5 years 770 390 375 5,645 2,870 2,775
18 to 64 years 6,120 2,850 3,270 52,220 25,185 27,030
65 years and over 375 140 230 3,240 1,295 1,945
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.3 9.1 9.4 7.9 7.9 7.9
0 to 17 years (%) 11.9 12.0 11.8 9.6 9.6 9.6
0 to 5 years (%) 14.1 14.2 13.7 11.4 11.4 11.4
18 to 64 years (%) 10.3 9.9 10.5 9.2 9.2 9.3
65 years and over (%) 2.5 2.1 2.8 1.9 1.6 2.1
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 91,085 43,500 47,580 908,340 440,730 467,605
Official languages 90,885 43,440 47,450 905,700 439,525 466,180
English 90,700 43,370 47,330 905,020 439,215 465,805
French 10,960 5,045 5,915 95,740 42,150 53,585
Non-official languages 6,520 3,065 3,455 64,100 31,380 32,725
Aboriginal languages 70 35 35 5,645 2,685 2,960
Algonquian languages 60 25 35 5,575 2,635 2,935
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Eastern Algonquian languages 55 25 30 5,550 2,625 2,920
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 10
Mi'kmaq 55 25 35 5,540 2,625 2,920
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 10 0 10
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 0 10
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 15 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 10 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 35 25 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 30 15 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 10 10 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 6,445 3,030 3,415 58,490 28,715 29,770
Afro-Asiatic languages 900 485 415 10,730 5,745 4,985
Berber languages 0 0 0 25 15 15
Kabyle 0 0 0 25 15 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 155 65 95
Bilen 0 0 0 20 15 10
Oromo 0 0 0 40 15 20
Somali 0 0 0 75 25 55
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Semitic languages 900 485 415 10,635 5,715 4,925
Amharic 10 0 10 260 135 120
Arabic 835 440 395 9,685 5,185 4,500
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 10 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 0 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 30 20 0 630 370 260
Maltese 0 0 0 25 0 25
Tigrigna 10 0 0 140 65 70
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 40 20 20
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Austro-Asiatic languages 40 15 30 575 260 310
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Vietnamese 35 10 25 555 255 300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 635 280 355 3,035 1,275 1,760
Bikol 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cebuano 30 15 15 185 80 100
Fijian 0 0 0 10 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 45 20 30
Ilocano 25 0 25 70 20 55
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 15 10 0 80 25 60
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Pangasinan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 605 255 350 2,835 1,195 1,635
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 35 15 20
Creole languages 30 10 15 360 185 175
Haitian Creole 10 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 10 120 60 65
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 210 115 100
Dravidian languages 135 65 70 1,365 785 580
Kannada 15 10 0 75 45 35
Malayalam 15 10 10 560 310 250
Tamil 40 25 15 450 260 190
Telugu 70 35 35 350 215 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,555 1,685 1,870 30,820 15,070 15,755
Albanian 55 25 30 405 185 215
Armenian 10 0 0 80 45 30
Balto-Slavic languages 475 210 265 4,095 1,935 2,160
Baltic languages 10 10 10 110 35 80
Latvian 0 0 0 50 15 35
Lithuanian 10 10 0 55 15 40
Slavic languages 460 205 260 4,010 1,910 2,105
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 0 10
Bosnian 25 10 15 145 60 80
Bulgarian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Croatian 70 25 45 275 105 165
Czech 0 10 0 210 95 110
Macedonian 0 0 0 90 55 30
Polish 75 20 55 900 410 490
Russian 235 120 115 1,945 970 970
Serbian 20 10 10 180 85 95
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 115 70 50
Slovak 10 0 10 145 70 75
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 35 10 20
Ukrainian 50 25 25 425 180 245
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Celtic languages 55 35 20 1,070 495 580
Scottish Gaelic 35 15 20 910 400 505
Welsh 10 0 0 35 25 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 35 25 10 155 80 75
Germanic languages 700 320 380 9,225 4,490 4,740
Afrikaans 45 15 25 320 140 175
Danish 0 0 0 235 125 110
Dutch 150 75 75 2,105 935 1,165
Frisian 0 0 10 60 30 30
German 480 225 250 6,335 3,180 3,155
Icelandic 20 10 10 100 40 60
Norwegian 15 10 0 150 105 40
Swedish 15 0 10 245 115 130
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 10 15
Yiddish 0 0 0 30 15 15
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 45 85
Greek 95 50 55 1,315 670 645
Indo-Iranian languages 835 435 395 6,535 3,635 2,900
Indo-Aryan languages 580 310 265 4,935 2,790 2,140
Bengali 70 35 35 625 350 275
Gujarati 20 15 10 240 150 90
Hindi 285 170 115 2,270 1,300 975
Kashmiri 0 0 0 15 0 10
Konkani 10 10 10 15 15 0
Marathi 0 0 0 135 85 45
Nepali 0 0 0 620 315 305
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 20 10 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 225 125 100 1,010 570 445
Sindhi 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 15 245 125 120
Urdu 170 95 75 1,090 660 425
Iranian languages 260 125 130 1,625 865 755
Kurdish 25 0 15 185 110 75
Pashto 0 0 0 85 55 30
Persian (Farsi) 230 120 115 1,385 725 660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 75 40 35
Italic (Romance) languages 1,460 670 785 9,365 4,270 5,100
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italian 240 125 115 1,665 845 820
Portuguese 215 105 110 910 480 430
Romanian 20 20 0 240 140 105
Spanish 1,040 450 595 6,990 3,020 3,970
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 70 55 20
Japanese 115 30 85 865 335 530
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Georgian 0 0 0 0 10 0
Korean 120 50 70 1,530 685 850
Mongolic languages 0 0 10 10 0 10
Mongolian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Niger-Congo languages 215 135 80 1,340 715 620
Akan (Twi) 10 10 0 65 40 30
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 10 10 0
Ewe 0 0 0 80 50 30
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 10 0 10 10 0
Ga 10 10 0 30 15 20
Ganda 10 0 0 60 15 40
Igbo 10 0 10 70 45 30
Lingala 20 10 10 30 15 15
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 130 65 65
Shona 0 0 0 65 40 35
Swahili 70 40 25 370 200 175
Wolof 10 0 0 35 15 20
Yoruba 60 40 25 250 125 125
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 45 20 300 175 130
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 50 30 20
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 10
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 30 10
Sign languages 275 100 180 1,605 555 1,045
American Sign Language 155 55 100 795 235 555
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 120 40 80 815 325 495
Sino-Tibetan languages 485 215 275 7,135 3,615 3,515
Chinese languages 485 215 270 7,115 3,610 3,500
Cantonese 245 95 150 1,555 730 820
Hakka 0 0 0 45 25 25
Mandarin 255 110 145 5,435 2,720 2,710
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 15 10 195 75 120
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 15 60 35 30
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 20 575 340 245
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 20 10 15
Burmese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Karenic languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibetan 0 0 0 20 10 15
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tai-Kadai languages 40 30 15 240 110 130
Lao 10 0 0 20 0 10
Thai 35 25 10 220 100 120
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 80 30 50 620 320 300
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 20 20 0
Turkish 85 30 50 480 225 255
Uyghur 0 0 0 15 0 10
Uzbek 10 0 10 105 60 40
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Uralic languages 45 15 25 430 200 230
Estonian 0 0 0 50 25 20
Finnish 10 0 0 120 55 70
Hungarian 40 15 25 255 115 140
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 75 40 35
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 91,085 43,500 47,580 908,340 440,735 467,605
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 88,585 42,310 46,275 878,415 425,340 453,070
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,930 8,010 7,920 159,440 81,575 77,870
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 72,650 34,300 38,355 718,970 343,770 375,200
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,500 1,190 1,310 29,930 15,395 14,535
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 91,080 43,500 47,585 908,340 440,730 467,605
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 84,070 40,140 43,930 842,760 407,740 435,015
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 6,570 3,100 3,475 55,675 27,270 28,405
Before 1981 2,365 1,145 1,225 19,200 9,335 9,865
1981 to 1990 645 300 345 4,800 2,330 2,470
1991 to 2000 855 375 480 6,705 3,140 3,560
2001 to 2010 1,400 680 720 13,185 6,540 6,645
2001 to 2005 570 290 275 5,105 2,500 2,600
2006 to 2010 830 385 445 8,080 4,035 4,045
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,305 605 700 11,790 5,925 5,865
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 435 255 180 9,900 5,720 4,185
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 6,570 3,100 3,475 55,675 27,270 28,410
Under 5 years 865 320 540 7,280 3,495 3,785
5 to 14 years 1,205 635 565 10,445 5,240 5,205
15 to 24 years 1,315 565 745 10,170 4,670 5,500
25 to 44 years 2,780 1,410 1,375 22,980 11,315 11,660
45 years and over 410 170 240 4,800 2,550 2,250
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,575 3,100 3,475 55,680 27,270 28,410
Americas 1,100 515 585 10,610 4,830 5,780
Brazil 30 15 20 175 75 100
Colombia 40 30 10 175 90 85
El Salvador 0 0 0 95 50 45
Guyana 30 15 15 170 85 90
Haiti 0 0 0 55 30 30
Jamaica 80 30 45 480 210 275
Mexico 65 35 30 325 155 175
Peru 10 10 0 105 35 75
Trinidad and Tobago 75 35 35 220 120 100
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 560 240 320 7,375 3,320 4,055
Other places of birth in Americas 215 110 105 1,430 675 750
Europe 2,535 1,230 1,305 22,110 11,195 10,920
Bosnia and Herzegovina 65 40 25 210 115 100
Croatia 30 10 20 180 75 105
France 60 35 30 610 330 280
Germany 215 90 125 2,600 1,270 1,330
Greece 45 25 25 505 270 235
Hungary 15 10 10 110 40 65
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 50 20 35 475 225 255
Italy 100 60 45 525 310 215
Netherlands 95 40 50 1,645 790 855
Poland 65 10 55 630 265 365
Portugal 90 50 45 220 140 80
Romania 10 10 0 180 100 80
Russian Federation 75 30 45 585 270 315
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 10 0 90 45 45
Ukraine 30 20 15 335 145 195
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,410 710 700 11,275 5,815 5,460
Other places of birth in Europe 160 70 90 1,930 985 945
Africa 440 225 215 3,525 1,855 1,675
Algeria 0 0 0 25 15 15
Egypt 35 15 20 770 395 370
Ethiopia 25 10 15 185 105 85
Kenya 20 10 10 125 75 50
Morocco 30 20 0 80 50 30
Nigeria 90 50 40 350 185 165
Somalia 0 0 0 65 30 35
South Africa, Republic of 80 30 50 460 205 250
Other places of birth in Africa 160 85 70 1,465 790 675
Asia 2,455 1,115 1,345 18,955 9,100 9,855
Afghanistan 0 0 0 100 40 60
Bangladesh 35 20 15 315 180 135
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 295 90 205 2,830 1,140 1,685
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 50 20 30 280 130 155
India 430 220 210 2,225 1,190 1,040
IranCensus data footnote 61 160 80