Census Profile, 2016 Census
Fredericton [Federal electoral district], New Brunswick and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Fredericton
New Brunswick
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Fredericton [Federal electoral district], New Brunswick  Map : Fredericton [Federal electoral district], New Brunswick
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 83,303 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 81,759 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.9 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 38,988 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,505 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 55.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,502.52 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 83,305 40,785 42,515 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 13,430 6,850 6,580 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 4,435 2,280 2,160 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 4,570 2,325 2,245 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 4,420 2,245 2,175 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 56,250 27,970 28,280 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 4,820 2,475 2,350 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 7,045 3,705 3,340 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 6,300 3,315 2,980 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 5,660 2,880 2,780 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 5,360 2,630 2,730 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 5,440 2,595 2,850 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 5,455 2,650 2,805 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 5,880 2,875 3,005 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 5,445 2,630 2,820 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 4,840 2,220 2,625 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 13,625 5,965 7,660 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 4,470 2,100 2,370 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 3,210 1,470 1,740 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 2,455 1,120 1,335 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 1,745 720 1,025 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 1,745 560 1,190 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,060 390 670 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 535 130 405 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 135 30 100 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 10 0 15 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.1 16.8 15.5 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 67.5 68.6 66.5 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 16.4 14.6 18.0 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.4 2.8 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 40.1 38.8 41.4 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 39.1 37.1 40.9 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,505 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 19,045 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 500 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 13,900 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,045 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,360 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,520 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 8,785 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 185 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 2,055 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,505 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 10,450 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 13,235 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 5,495 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 4,385 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,935 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 81,400 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 69,875 33,935 35,940 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 40,055 20,000 20,060 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 32,240 16,090 16,155 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 7,815 3,910 3,905 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 29,820 13,935 15,880 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 19,855 10,825 9,040 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,090 900 1,190 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 4,085 1,495 2,590 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 3,785 720 3,060 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 23,350 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 12,770 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 5,000 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 4,110 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,475 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 23,355 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 19,645 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 15,745 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,905 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,705 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 2,975 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 730 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 19,645 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 10,400 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 9,255 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 3,980 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 3,860 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 1,415 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,705 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,370 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,020 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 315 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,575 7,950 8,625 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,505 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 22,630 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,115 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 12,515 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 360 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 12,520 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 10,455 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,065 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 82,535 40,510 42,025 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 62,605 31,370 31,235 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 535 255 280 1,810 820 985
English and French 18,735 8,580 10,150 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 660 300 360 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 82,535 40,510 42,025 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 74,895 36,850 38,050 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 6,570 3,175 3,395 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 420 200 220 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 645 295 355 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 6,785 3,275 3,510 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 8.2 8.1 8.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 82,535 40,510 42,025 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 81,355 39,965 41,380 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 75,465 36,995 38,470 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 68,880 33,805 35,075 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 6,585 3,190 3,400 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 5,890 2,975 2,915 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 95 45 45 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 90 40 45 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 5 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 90 45 40 10 5 10
Malecite 60 30 30 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 25 10 15 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,790 2,925 2,865 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,020 560 465 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 5 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 0 5 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 1,020 555 460 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 35 20 10 1,370 670 700
Arabic 925 505 425 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 55 35 25 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 10 5 5 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 195 100 90 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 185 95 90 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 190 75 115 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 5 375 165 215
Cebuano 20 5 10 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 0 0 0 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 20 5 10 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 140 55 85 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 10 0 5 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 5 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 75 40 35 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 10 5 5 280 150 135
Malayalam 5 0 5 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 40 25 15 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 20 10 10 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 5 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 2,450 1,210 1,240 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 20 10 10 1,465 765 705
Armenian 10 5 5 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 610 300 310 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 15 5 10 1,070 485 585
Latvian 0 0 0 565 255 300
Lithuanian 15 5 5 505 225 280
Slavic languages 595 295 305 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 25 10 15 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 5 5 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 30 15 20 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 10 5 10 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 5 325 160 165
Polish 65 30 35 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 315 165 150 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 70 35 35 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 1,395 670 725
Slovak 0 0 0 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 45 20 25 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 0 0 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 490 205 285 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 0 0 5 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 15 5 10 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 145 70 80 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 0 0 0 295 145 145
German 295 115 180 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 5 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 15 0 10 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 25 15 10 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 805 430 375 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 465 255 215 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 80 50 35 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 20 10 10 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 95 50 45 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 5 0 255 130 125
Marathi 25 15 15 620 325 295
Nepali 140 70 75 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 15 10 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 5 5 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 65 40 25 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 330 175 160 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 15 10 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 15 10 5 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 300 160 140 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 485 245 245 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 60 35 25 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 65 30 40 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 60 30 30 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 305 155 150 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 30 5 25 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 330 180 155 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 5 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 150 80 65 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 495 275 220
Bamanankan 5 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 5 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 0 5 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 0 5 245 145 105
Lingala 5 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 10 5 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 155 70 80
Shona 5 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 50 20 25 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 5 5 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 25 10 15 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 10 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,210 615 600 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 1,210 615 600 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 115 60 60 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 10 10 5 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 955 485 470 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 30 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 30 30 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 20 5 15 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 20 5 10 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 35 15 20 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 20 10 15 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 5 5 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 45 25 25 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 0 5 0 705 295 410
Finnish 10 5 5 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 35 15 20 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,185 545 640 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 740 330 410 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 380 185 195 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 35 20 15 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 35 15 20 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 82,535 40,515 42,025 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 81,010 39,750 41,255 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 77,405 37,910 39,500 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 73,415 35,930 37,485 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 3,995 1,975 2,015 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 3,605 1,845 1,760 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 15 10 10 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 20 10 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 15 5 10 5 0 0
Malecite 15 10 5 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,585 1,835 1,755 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 700 360 345 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 705 355 345 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 10 5 5 600 275 320
Arabic 665 345 325 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 25 15 10 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 165 85 75 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 5 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 160 85 75 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 60 25 35 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 5 0 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 10 5 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 40 20 25 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 5 0 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 35 20 15 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 0 0 0 1,225 615 605
Tamil 20 15 10 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 15 5 5 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 1,285 655 635 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 15 5 5 695 335 360
Armenian 10 5 5 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 400 205 195 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 10 10 5 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 10 5 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 390 195 190 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 10 5 5 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 15 5 10 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 0 0 0 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 15 5 5 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 255 130 125 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 60 35 30 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 500 235 265
Slovak 0 0 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 25 15 15 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 70 30 40 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 0 0 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 5 0 305 145 160
Dutch 15 5 10 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 50 20 30 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 5 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 5 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 10 5 5 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 555 290 265 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 295 150 145 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 55 30 20 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 10 10 10 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 55 30 25 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 5 5 40 25 25
Marathi 10 5 5 270 140 130
Nepali 110 45 60 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 5 5 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 5 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 35 20 15 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 260 135 120 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 10 5 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 5 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 250 135 115 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 235 120 115 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 15 5 10 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 30 15 15 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 30 15 15 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 160 80 75 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 5 0 0 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 260 140 115 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 65 30 35 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 5 0 5 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 5 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 30 10 15 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 30 20 15 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 15 5 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 950 485 460 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 950 485 465 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 60 30 30 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 800 415 380 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 5 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 20 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 25 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 5 5 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 5 5 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 0 0 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 25
Uralic languages 10 10 5 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 5 0 5 725 325 400
Hungarian 10 5 5 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,525 760 765 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 540 265 275 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 925 470 455 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 15 5 10 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 50 20 25 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 82,535 40,510 42,025 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 74,160 36,555 37,605 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 3,250 1,625 1,625 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 3,310 1,470 1,845 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 1,675 805 875 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 145 65 75 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 1,535 735 795 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 40 15 20 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 35 20 15 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 65 25 35 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 68,015 32,950 35,065 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,680 31,320 33,365 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,921 43,099 28,380 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,710 31,315 33,395 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,253 37,604 26,080 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,235 29,450 29,790 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,684 41,391 25,643 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 44,255 18,375 25,885 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,568 5,462 5,631 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 48,440 24,920 23,525 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,739 39,889 26,655 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 68,025 32,900 35,120 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,695 31,195 33,500 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,003 50,003 36,485 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,725 31,195 33,530 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,874 41,068 31,042 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,085 29,360 29,720 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,574 48,636 34,595 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 44,460 18,440 26,015 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,332 7,140 7,469 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 48,440 24,750 23,690 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,732 46,591 34,611 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 68,020 32,900 35,120 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 24,755 13,395 11,365 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,750 57,479 45,649 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 57,192 62,987 50,363 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.5 91.8 84.2 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.0 74.1 67.0 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.5 8.2 15.8 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 68,015 32,950 35,065 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,335 1,635 1,700 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 64,685 31,320 33,365 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.1 95.1 95.2 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 8,755 3,685 5,070 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 10,515 3,850 6,665 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 9,295 3,595 5,695 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 7,640 3,435 4,205 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 6,930 3,330 3,595 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 5,600 3,150 2,450 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 4,850 3,100 1,745 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,455 2,045 1,410 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,360 1,400 960 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 1,405 910 490 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 3,885 2,810 1,070 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 2,765 1,980 785 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,120 835 285 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 68,015 32,950 35,065 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,305 1,630 1,675 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 64,710 31,320 33,390 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.1 95.1 95.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 9,165 3,735 5,430 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 11,160 4,135 7,020 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 10,860 4,355 6,510 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 9,500 4,450 5,055 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 8,155 4,410 3,750 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 6,280 3,985 2,295 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 3,960 2,305 1,655 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 2,035 1,325 710 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 3,585 2,625 965 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 1,255 890 365 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 695 520 175 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,640 1,215 425 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 68,020 32,955 35,065 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 19,575 8,030 11,540 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 48,445 24,920 23,520 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 71.2 75.6 67.1 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 5,670 2,580 3,090 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 4,230 1,875 2,350 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 6,920 3,000 3,915 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 6,040 2,690 3,350 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 4,840 2,345 2,500 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 4,810 2,310 2,500 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 3,950 2,330 1,620 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,695 2,405 1,285 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,655 1,505 1,155 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 5,635 3,880 1,760 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 1,745 1,070 680 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 1,080 705 375 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 2,815 2,105 705 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 35,505 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 65,186 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,666 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,455 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,387 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,250 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 25,050 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,117 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,363 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 35,500 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,373 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,406 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,390 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,540 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,879 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 25,110 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 93,197 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,621 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 35,505 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 610 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 810 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 755 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,420 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,575 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,525 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,610 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,550 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,620 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,605 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,070 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,985 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,625 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,275 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,860 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,605 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,605 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,395 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,250 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,345 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,505 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 630 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 820 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 770 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,495 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,815 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,725 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,915 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,980 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,025 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,055 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,720 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,310 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,700 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,320 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,845 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,365 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,235 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,540 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,590 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 23,355 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,518 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,161 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,960 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,895 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,203 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 9,325 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,400 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 88,776 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,495 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,492 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,109 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 23,460 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,590 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 78,521 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,105 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 89,938 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,593 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 9,255 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 116,447 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,503 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,525 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,738 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,584 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 15,215 7,350 7,865 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,586 33,077 28,725 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,897 29,557 26,700 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 15,025 7,185 7,845 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,466 38,500 36,519 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,921 32,389 31,492 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 81,395 39,770 41,630 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 43,860 20,830 23,025 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 10,180 4,860 5,320 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 7,920 3,525 4,400 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 8,340 3,985 4,355 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 8,850 4,260 4,590 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 8,565 4,200 4,365 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 37,545 18,945 18,600 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 8,980 4,535 4,445 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 8,665 4,415 4,245 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 7,965 3,955 4,010 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 6,835 3,455 3,375 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 5,100 2,575 2,520 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 80,075 39,125 40,950 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 15,585 7,955 7,625 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 5,205 2,675 2,525 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 51,855 25,505 26,350 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 12,640 5,660 6,975 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 12,520 5,685 6,835 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,290 1,705 1,585 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,195 615 575 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 7,695 3,470 4,220 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 1,540 510 1,035 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.6 14.5 16.7 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 21.1 21.4 20.8 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 23.0 23.0 22.8 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 14.8 13.6 16.0 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 12.2 9.0 14.8 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 7,890 3,820 4,070 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,870 970 900 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 680 350 330 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 5,740 2,750 2,990 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 280 100 180 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.9 9.8 9.9 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.0 12.2 11.8 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 13.1 13.1 13.1 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 11.1 10.8 11.3 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 2.2 1.8 2.6 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 81,365 39,750 41,620 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 80,730 39,470 41,265 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 80,265 39,225 41,045 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 18,900 8,595 10,310 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 7,995 3,965 4,030 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 315 150 170 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 290 145 140 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 10 0 10 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 280 145 140 30 20 10
Malecite 200 100 100 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 85 45 40 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 10 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 20 0 15 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 15 10 15 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 10 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 7,700 3,820 3,875 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,350 700 650 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,345 695 645 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 55 30 20 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 1,125 580 540 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 165 80 85 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 270 140 125 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 265 140 120 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 180 65 115 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 10 10 0 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 10 0 10 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 30 15 15 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 130 50 80 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 25 20 10 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 20 15 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 145 75 70 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 20 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 0 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 95 55 40 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 70 30 40 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 3,835 1,830 2,005 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 45 20 20 1,640 840 795
Armenian 45 20 25 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 650 330 320 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 15 10 10 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 0 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 15 10 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 640 320 320 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 25 10 15 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 25 0 20 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 35 10 20 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 20 10 10 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 10 10 0 400 220 185
Polish 90 40 50 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 405 220 190 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 35 25 10 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 10 1,525 770 750
Slovak 0 0 10 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 75 20 50 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 50 20 30 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 20 10 15 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 860 450 410
Germanic languages 875 410 470 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 10 10 0 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 25 10 10 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 210 75 135 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 665 330 330 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 10 0 10 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 20 15 10 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 75 35 40 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 1,020 530 495 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 685 370 320 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 95 70 20 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 50 25 25 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 325 170 155 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 15 10 10 1,475 780 695
Nepali 165 80 90 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 40 30 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 110 60 55 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 360 175 180 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 40 15 25 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 35 20 15 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 280 140 145 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 1,270 555 705 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 140 50 85 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 105 60 45 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 20 10 10 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 1,075 475 600 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 95 35 65 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 430 220 210 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 15 10 10 370 170 200
Mongolian 10 10 10 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 285 170 110 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 10 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 10 10 0 165 80 85
Igbo 15 10 0 425 240 185
Lingala 15 10 10 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 25 20 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 30 15 10 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 70 45 30 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 40 30 15 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 115 65 50 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 120 30 90 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 60 10 50 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 20 40 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,240 675 560 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 1,230 675 560 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 130 75 55 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 1,040 590 450 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 10 20 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 65 35 35 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 35 25 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 35 10 30 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 10 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 35 10 25 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 50 20 30 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 50 20 30 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 40 20 20 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 0 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 0 0 10 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 35 20 20 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 81,365 39,745 41,615 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 77,065 37,540 39,525 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 14,990 7,730 7,260 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 62,080 29,810 32,270 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 4,295 2,205 2,090 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 81,365 39,750 41,615 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 73,300 35,760 37,540 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 7,100 3,385 3,720 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 1,730 785 945 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 535 255 275 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 795 375 420 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,555 750 805 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 535 230 300 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 1,020 515 500 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,490 1,220 1,270 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 960 605 360 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 7,100 3,390 3,715 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 940 405 540 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 1,525 755 770 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 1,315 555 750 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 2,750 1,330 1,415 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 575 340 240 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,105 3,385 3,720 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 1,085 495 595 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 15 10 10 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 35 25 15 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 65 40 20 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 20 0 15 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 20 15 10 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 20 10 10 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 10 0 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 35 25 10 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 705 285 420 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 155 70 80 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 1,965 885 1,080 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 55 25 25 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 0 0 10 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 70 35 30 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 355 135 220 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 10 0 10 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 20 0 15 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 25 15 15 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 165 70 95 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 50 25 25 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 25 20 10 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 10 10 0 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 40 25 15 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 10 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 100 35 60 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 790 375 415 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 200 85 115 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 520 295 220 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 15 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 20 20 10 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 45 20 20 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 20 10 10 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 20 10 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 75 35 35 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 10 10 0 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 310 180 130 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 3,480 1,690 1,785 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 55 35 25 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 765 390 370 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 35 20 10 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 310 145 165 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 240 105 125 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 50 20 30 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 20 0 15 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 400 215 185 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 170 90 85 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 75 35 40 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 155 55 95 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 10 10 0 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 460 230 230 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 30 10 15 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 235 115 115 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 475 220 260 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 55 15 40 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,490 1,220 1,270 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 145 75 70 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 15 0 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 15 10 10 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 0 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 0 0 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 60 35 30 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 50 25 30 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 220 125 95 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 10 10 10 970 510 460
Germany 25 20 10 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 10 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380
Russian Federation