Census Profile, 2016 Census
Miramichi--Grand Lake [Federal electoral district], New Brunswick and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Miramichi--Grand Lake
New Brunswick
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Miramichi--Grand Lake [Federal electoral district], New Brunswick  Map : Miramichi--Grand Lake [Federal electoral district], New Brunswick
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 57,405 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 59,343 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -3.3 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 28,248 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 24,937 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 16,867.04 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 57,405 28,190 29,220 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 7,765 3,985 3,780 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 2,325 1,160 1,165 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 2,665 1,360 1,310 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 2,770 1,460 1,305 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 36,470 17,940 18,530 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 3,195 1,635 1,565 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 2,785 1,470 1,320 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 2,420 1,250 1,175 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 2,540 1,195 1,345 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 2,900 1,430 1,475 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 3,655 1,770 1,880 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 4,025 1,960 2,070 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 4,885 2,360 2,525 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 5,060 2,490 2,570 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 5,000 2,390 2,610 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 13,175 6,265 6,915 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 4,630 2,330 2,300 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 3,155 1,620 1,535 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 2,375 1,115 1,255 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 1,585 715 870 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 1,435 480 950 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 915 345 570 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 400 105 295 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 100 25 80 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 15 0 15 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.5 14.1 12.9 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.5 63.6 63.4 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 23.0 22.2 23.7 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.5 1.7 3.3 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 45.8 45.0 46.5 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 49.3 48.6 50.0 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 24,935 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 20,660 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 10 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 2,810 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 575 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 160 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 275 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,745 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 1,455 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 24,940 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 7,045 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 10,070 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 3,850 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 2,700 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,275 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 56,445 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 49,645 24,205 25,440 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 28,815 14,410 14,405 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 23,970 11,990 11,975 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 4,845 2,415 2,425 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 20,830 9,795 11,035 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 12,595 6,965 5,630 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 1,635 740 890 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 2,660 1,250 1,405 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 3,935 830 3,105 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 17,640 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 10,580 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 3,765 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 2,440 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 860 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 17,640 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 14,215 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 11,795 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,425 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,425 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 2,755 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 670 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 14,210 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 8,390 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 5,825 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 2,865 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 2,180 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 775 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,425 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,190 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 895 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 340 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 9,710 4,655 5,060 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 24,935 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 16,750 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 8,080 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 8,670 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 440 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 7,750 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 7,045 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 705 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 56,680 27,805 28,875 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 39,065 19,415 19,655 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 3,130 1,500 1,625 1,810 820 985
English and French 14,440 6,865 7,580 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 40 25 15 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 56,680 27,805 28,875 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 43,100 21,050 22,055 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 13,380 6,660 6,720 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 165 85 80 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 35 20 15 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 13,460 6,695 6,760 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 23.7 24.1 23.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 56,680 27,810 28,870 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 56,080 27,510 28,575 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 53,890 26,460 27,430 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 40,430 19,785 20,645 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 13,455 6,675 6,780 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 2,190 1,050 1,145 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 1,630 785 850 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 1,620 775 845 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 1,620 775 845 10 5 10
Malecite 5 5 5 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 1,615 775 840 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 5 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 5 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 565 265 300 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 40 25 15 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 35 30 15 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 0 5 0 1,370 670 700
Arabic 40 25 10 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 0 0 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 0 0 0 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 5 5 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 10 10 5 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 50 15 35 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 0 5 5 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 5 0 5 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 0 0 0 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 45 15 30 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 0 5 0 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 0 5 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 10 5 0 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 0 0 0 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 5 5 5 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 0 0 0 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 350 165 185 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 0 0 0 1,465 765 705
Armenian 0 0 0 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 45 15 25 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,070 485 585
Latvian 0 0 0 565 255 300
Lithuanian 0 0 0 505 225 280
Slavic languages 45 15 25 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 5 0 0 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 5 5 5 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 0 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 25 10 10 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 10 0 5 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 0 0 0 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,395 670 725
Slovak 5 0 0 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 0 0 0 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 0 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 175 80 90 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 15 5 10 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 10 5 5 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 35 20 15 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 5 5 0 295 145 145
German 95 50 50 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 5 10 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 0 0 0 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 445 220 225
Yiddish 5 5 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 5 0 0 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 55 25 25 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 45 20 25 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 10 5 5 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 0 5 0 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 5 5 5 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 5 5 255 130 125
Marathi 0 0 0 620 325 295
Nepali 0 0 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 5 0 5 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 5 0 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 1,675 845 830
Urdu 10 5 5 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 0 0 0 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 0 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 65 25 35 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 10 5 5 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 5 0 5 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 0 0 5 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 45 20 30 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 10 0 5 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 25 10 10 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 5 5 0 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 0 0 0 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 5 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 5 5 0 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 0 0 0 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 30 15 15 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 30 15 15 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 15 10 5 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 10 5 5 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 5 0 0 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 0 0 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 0 0 0 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 0 0 0 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 5 5 5 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 20 10 10 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 0 0 5 705 295 410
Finnish 5 5 0 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 15 10 5 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 595 295 300 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 495 245 250 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 95 50 40 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 5 0 0 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 56,680 27,805 28,870 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 56,045 27,510 28,535 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 55,085 27,035 28,050 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 43,700 21,330 22,370 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 11,380 5,700 5,685 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 960 480 485 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 740 360 385 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 735 355 380 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 740 360 380 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 735 360 380 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 220 115 105 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 30 20 10 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 30 20 10 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 30 20 10 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 0 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 5 0 5 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 5 5 5 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 10 5 5 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 10 5 5 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 5 0 0 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 0 0 0 1,225 615 605
Tamil 0 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 5 5 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 125 65 60 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 0 0 0 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 10 5 5 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 0 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 0 125 60 65
Slavic languages 5 0 5 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 0 0 0 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 5 0 0 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 5 0 0 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 0 0 0 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 0 0 0 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 500 235 265
Slovak 5 0 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 145 65 85
Ukrainian 0 0 0 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 5 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 60 30 30 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 20 10 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 5 0 305 145 160
Dutch 5 5 0 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 30 20 15 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 0 0 5 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 35 20 20 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 25 10 15 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 10 5 5 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 0 0 0 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 10 0 5 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 5 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 5 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 5 0 0 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 0 0 0 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 0 0 0 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 15 10 5 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 0 0 0 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 0 0 0 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 5 0 0 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 10 10 5 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 5 0 0 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 5 5 0 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 10 5 0 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 0 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 15 10 10 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 15 10 10 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 15 5 5 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 5 0 0 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 1,380 595 785
Lao 0 0 0 460 225 235
Thai 0 0 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 0 0 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 5 0 5 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 5 0 5 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 635 295 340 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 485 225 260 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 140 65 75 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 5 5 0 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 10 0 5 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 56,680 27,805 28,870 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 50,630 24,945 25,685 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 3,260 1,590 1,680 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 1,855 825 1,030 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 915 445 470 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 715 355 360 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 200 95 105 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 5 0 0 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 0 0 5 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 15 5 5 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 48,695 23,730 24,965 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 46,555 22,720 23,830 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,484 33,265 22,637 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 46,565 22,720 23,840 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,389 30,062 21,582 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 37,760 19,295 18,460 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 23,001 27,297 19,527 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 38,150 17,905 20,245 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 10,571 12,400 9,019 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 30,590 15,940 14,650 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 23,412 26,868 20,972 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 48,760 23,785 24,975 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 46,610 22,755 23,855 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,497 40,773 28,510 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 46,615 22,755 23,865 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,757 34,432 25,299 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 37,795 19,300 18,500 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,930 37,390 26,235 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 38,165 17,785 20,380 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 10,508 11,598 9,557 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 30,630 15,920 14,715 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,259 36,892 27,246 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 48,760 23,785 24,975 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 11,390 5,525 5,865 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 44,129 49,391 39,370 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 48,868 54,821 43,261 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 74.8 77.3 71.4 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 61.5 63.4 58.9 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 25.2 22.7 28.6 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 48,695 23,735 24,965 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 2,140 1,010 1,130 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 46,555 22,725 23,830 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.7 95.5 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,825 2,610 4,205 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 10,015 3,755 6,260 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 8,500 3,680 4,815 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 6,785 3,655 3,130 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 4,660 2,770 1,885 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 3,295 1,990 1,305 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 2,055 1,300 755 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 1,460 870 590 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 1,155 685 475 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 545 365 180 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 1,265 1,045 225 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 920 740 185 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 345 300 45 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 48,695 23,730 24,960 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 2,130 1,010 1,120 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 46,565 22,720 23,845 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.6 95.7 95.5 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 6,960 2,640 4,320 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 10,600 3,985 6,610 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 10,190 4,710 5,480 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 7,325 4,175 3,150 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 4,930 2,950 1,980 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 2,765 1,725 1,035 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 1,845 1,065 775 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 805 535 270 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 1,160 940 220 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 445 335 105 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 235 190 45 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 485 415 70 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 48,695 23,730 24,965 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 18,105 7,790 10,315 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 30,590 15,945 14,645 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 62.8 67.2 58.7 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 3,955 1,890 2,070 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 3,285 1,400 1,890 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 6,235 3,115 3,125 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 4,705 2,215 2,490 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 3,190 1,715 1,475 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 2,560 1,415 1,140 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 1,985 1,175 815 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 1,370 835 530 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 1,115 605 515 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 2,180 1,580 605 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 870 510 360 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 390 265 125 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 920 805 115 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 24,935 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 52,611 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 47,585 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 7,045 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 24,405 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 23,475 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 17,895 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 65,802 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 58,983 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 24,995 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 64,321 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 55,493 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,035 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,790 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,853 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 17,965 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 77,057 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,315 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 24,940 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 400 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 640 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 610 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,855 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,405 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,600 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,595 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,360 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,240 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,180 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,315 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,980 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,720 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,400 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,195 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,455 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,985 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,095 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 965 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 415 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 24,940 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 410 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 645 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 610 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,915 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,580 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,770 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,735 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,515 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,520 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,450 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,655 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,185 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,760 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,405 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,020 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,760 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,555 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 670 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 540 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 17,475 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 65,380 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 58,665 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 7,890 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 60,371 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 53,944 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 5,960 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,090 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 80,603 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,100 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,599 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 39,049 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 17,520 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,602 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 65,899 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 7,965 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,142 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 59,536 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 5,975 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,095 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 86,301 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,110 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,934 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,972 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 8,385 4,030 4,355 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,212 27,861 22,339 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,181 25,267 21,757 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 8,415 4,015 4,405 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,572 35,193 28,274 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 27,634 30,159 25,335 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 56,445 27,710 28,735 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 36,880 17,675 19,210 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 7,095 3,250 3,845 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 9,025 4,070 4,955 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 7,395 3,625 3,775 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 6,930 3,455 3,470 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 6,435 3,275 3,165 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 19,565 10,040 9,525 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 5,660 2,870 2,795 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 5,160 2,640 2,520 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 4,035 2,065 1,970 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 3,070 1,585 1,485 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 1,635 880 760 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 52,435 25,745 26,695 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 8,465 4,325 4,135 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 2,410 1,190 1,220 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 31,580 15,445 16,130 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 12,395 5,970 6,425 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 10,160 4,530 5,625 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 2,105 1,090 1,010 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 750 355 390 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 4,915 2,150 2,770 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 3,140 1,290 1,850 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 19.4 17.6 21.1 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 24.9 25.2 24.4 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 31.1 29.8 32.0 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 15.6 13.9 17.2 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 25.3 21.6 28.8 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 2,770 1,325 1,445 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 630 330 300 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 220 110 115 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 1,990 935 1,055 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 155 65 90 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.3 5.1 5.4 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 7.4 7.6 7.3 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 9.1 9.2 9.4 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.3 6.1 6.5 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.3 1.1 1.4 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 56,615 27,835 28,780 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 56,595 27,820 28,775 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 53,395 26,255 27,145 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 17,565 8,415 9,150 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 2,655 1,275 1,375 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 1,820 880 940 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 1,805 875 925 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 10 0 10 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 1,795 875 925 30 20 10
Malecite 10 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 1,795 875 920 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 10 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 10 0 10 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 10 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 10 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 850 405 445 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 20 15 0 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 20 15 0 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 10 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 15 15 0 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 0 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 0 0 0 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 10 0 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 10 10 0 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 85 40 50 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 10 0 10 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 0 0 0 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 0 0 0 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 85 40 50 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 20 10 10 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 15 10 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 0 0 10 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 10 0 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 0 0 0 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 0 0 0 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 0 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 615 280 335 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 0 0 0 1,640 840 795
Armenian 0 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 60 20 40 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,030 515 520
Latvian 0 0 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 0 0 0 475 220 250
Slavic languages 60 20 35 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 10 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 0 0 0 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 25 10 20 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 0 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 20 0 15 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 15 10 10 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 0 0 0 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,525 770 750
Slovak 10 10 10 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 0 0 0 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 15 10 0 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 280 135 140 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 15 10 0 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 15 10 0 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 40 15 25 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 0 0 0 465 230 240
German 210 110 105 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 10 0 10 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 0 0 10 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 0 0 10 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 30 15 20 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 25 15 15 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 0 0 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 10 10 10 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 0 10 0 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 0 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 0 0 0 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 10 0 10 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 0 0 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 10 0 10 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 230 100 130 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 20 10 10 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 10 0 10 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 10 0 0 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 205 90 110 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 245 140
Japanese 10 0 10 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 10 0 0 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 30 20 10 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 10 10 0 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 40 30 10 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 20 10 10 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 55 35 20 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 55 35 15 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 15 10 10 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 35 30 10 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 0 10 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 0 0 0 1,630 735 890
Thai 0 0 0 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 0 0 0 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 10 0 10 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 0 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 0 0 10 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 10 0 0 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 56,615 27,835 28,780 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 56,180 27,625 28,555 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 9,795 5,045 4,750 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 46,385 22,575 23,800 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 435 210 225 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 56,610 27,835 28,780 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 55,465 27,295 28,175 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 1,060 495 570 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 545 250 290 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 120 55 65 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 95 50 45 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 175 85 85 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 55 25 30 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 115 60 55 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 130 50 80 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 85 45 40 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 1,060 495 570 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 165 70 95 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 235 110 125 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 140 55 85 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 350 190 160 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 165 70 95 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,060 490 565 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 375 165 210 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 0 0 0 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 10 0 10 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 0 0 0 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 0 0 0 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 10 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 15 10 10 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 10 0 10 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 0 0 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 330 145 190 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 10 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 470 220 255 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10 0 0 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 0 0 0 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 30 10 15 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 100 55 45 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 0 0 0 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 10 0 10 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 15 0 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 0 0 0 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 35 10 25 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 20 10 10 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 0 0 0 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 0 0 0 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 0 10 0 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 0 0 0 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 10 10 10 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 210 90 115 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 35 10 25 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 50 35 15 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 0 0 0 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 0 0 0 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 10 10 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 0 10 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 0 0 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 15 15 0 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 30 15 10 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 150 60 85 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 0 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 0 0 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 15 10 0 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 0 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 10 10 0 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 0 0 0 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 0 0 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 0 0 0 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 0 0 0 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 0 0 0 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 0 0 10 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 70 25 45 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 10 10 10 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 0 0 0 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 0 0 0 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 0 0 10 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 35 20 15 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 15 10 0 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 135 50 80 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 45 25 20 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 10 0 0 625 355 265
Mexico 0 0 0 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 40 25 20 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 0 0 0 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 20 10 20 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 15 0 20 970 510 460
Germany 0 0 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380