Census Profile, 2016 Census
Bourassa [Federal electoral district], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Bourassa
Quebec
[Federal electoral district]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Bourassa [Federal electoral district], Quebec  Map : Bourassa [Federal electoral district], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 101,032 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 100,286 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.7 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 46,646 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 43,115 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 7,450.0 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 13.56 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 101,035 47,730 53,305 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 18,430 9,375 9,055 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 6,740 3,460 3,280 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 6,425 3,290 3,135 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 5,270 2,625 2,645 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 63,040 30,690 32,360 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 5,515 2,780 2,730 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 6,050 2,875 3,170 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 6,065 2,830 3,235 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 6,145 2,810 3,335 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 6,650 3,115 3,530 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 6,605 3,305 3,295 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 6,790 3,495 3,295 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 6,850 3,540 3,305 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 6,590 3,195 3,395 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 5,800 2,735 3,065 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 19,560 7,670 11,890 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 5,115 2,220 2,895 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 4,190 1,755 2,430 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 3,675 1,470 2,210 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 3,095 1,215 1,880 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 3,485 1,005 2,480 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 2,195 695 1,500 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 985 260 720 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 260 45 215 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 40 5 35 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.2 19.6 17.0 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 62.4 64.3 60.7 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 19.4 16.1 22.3 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 3.4 2.1 4.7 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 41.4 39.6 43.0 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 41.3 40.1 42.4 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 43,115 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 2,940 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,735 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 36,435 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,395 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 425 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,135 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 27,295 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 195 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 43,115 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 16,625 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 11,840 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 6,140 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 4,945 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,565 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 98,075 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.3 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 82,600 38,355 44,245 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 37,605 18,805 18,800 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 29,310 14,650 14,665 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 8,295 4,155 4,135 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 44,995 19,545 25,445 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 28,100 14,150 13,950 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 2,380 1,030 1,350 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 8,260 3,130 5,130 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 6,250 1,240 5,010 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 25,110 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 11,730 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 5,870 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 4,670 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,840 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 25,110 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 17,755 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 13,620 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,135 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,355 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 6,125 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 1,230 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 17,755 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 7,190 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 10,565 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 3,910 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 4,035 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 2,615 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,355 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 4,545 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 1,955 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 860 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 23,080 10,830 12,250 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 43,115 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 24,010 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 6,915 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 17,095 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 545 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 18,565 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 16,625 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,935 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 100,090 47,400 52,690 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 2,425 1,310 1,115 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 52,615 22,900 29,715 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 42,455 22,280 20,180 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 2,595 910 1,680 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 100,095 47,400 52,690 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 8,970 4,575 4,395 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 81,070 37,700 43,370 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 7,535 4,250 3,285 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 2,515 875 1,635 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 12,740 6,700 6,040 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 12.7 14.1 11.5 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 100,090 47,400 52,690 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 94,470 44,610 49,855 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 54,415 25,335 29,085 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 3,705 1,890 1,815 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 50,710 23,440 27,270 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 40,050 19,275 20,775 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 15 5 5 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 5 0 5 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 5 5 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 0 0 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 40,040 19,275 20,765 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 10,170 5,305 4,865 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 1,975 1,040 940 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 1,260 670 590 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 720 370 350 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 5 5 5 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 0 0 0 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 8,185 4,260 3,925 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 5 5 5 745 340 405
Arabic 8,165 4,250 3,915 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 10 5 5 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 0 0 0 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,475 730 745 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 440 215 230 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 1,035 515 520 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 85 25 55 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 0 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 5 5 5 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 5 5 410 125 275
Ilocano 0 0 5 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 10 5 5 1,250 590 660
Malay 10 0 5 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 205 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 50 15 35 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 320 140 180
Creole languages 9,580 4,235 5,345 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 265 135 130 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 9,295 4,090 5,205 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 15 5 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 230 120 105 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 0 0 0 240 130 110
Malayalam 0 0 0 440 235 205
Tamil 225 120 105 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 0 0 0 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 5 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 15,695 7,465 8,230 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 25 10 15 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 35 20 10 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 520 220 305 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 0 0 5 850 335 515
Latvian 0 0 5 290 120 175
Lithuanian 0 0 5 555 215 340
Slavic languages 515 220 300 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 0 0 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 20 10 10 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 40 15 30 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 30 15 10 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 15 5 5 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 0 0 0 205 105 95
Polish 110 40 65 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 200 80 120 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 35 15 20 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 1,805 865 940
Slovak 15 5 5 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 5 755 350 405
Ukrainian 35 15 20 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 175 90 85
Celtic languages 5 0 0 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 55 30
Germanic languages 80 45 35 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 0 0 0 125 60 65
Danish 0 0 0 395 190 200
Dutch 5 5 0 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 65 40 30 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 5 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 200 100 100
Swedish 0 0 0 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5 540 240 300
Yiddish 0 0 0 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 175 100 75
Greek 110 60 50 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 385 210 175 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 280 155 120 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 65 35 30 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 30 15 15 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 10 5 0 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 0 0 0 110 60 55
Marathi 0 0 0 255 145 110
Nepali 5 0 5 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90 50 35 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 0 0 0 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 5 645 310 330
Urdu 75 45 30 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 105 55 50 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 20 5 10 985 550 430
Pashto 0 5 0 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 85 45 35 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 14,540 6,895 7,645 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 5 5 0 320 170 150
Italian 7,305 3,455 3,850 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 540 250 295 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 305 145 160 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 6,375 3,045 3,335 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 125 75 50
Japanese 5 5 5 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 170 80 85
Georgian 0 0 0 170 80 90
Korean 15 5 5 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 190 75 115
Mongolian 0 0 0 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 810 400 405 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 10 0 5 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 30 15 15 1,200 655 545
Edo 0 0 0 75 45 30
Ewe 30 20 15 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 55 30 25 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 5 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 0 0 0 120 70 50
Lingala 120 55 60 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 90 50 45 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 45 15 30 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 5 0 0 85 45 40
Swahili 80 35 45 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 115 60 60 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 0 5 0 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 230 125 100 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 25 10 10 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 335 170 165
Sign languages 40 20 20 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 0 0 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 20 10 10 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 10 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 660 320 335 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 655 320 330 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 300 150 145 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 10 5 5 470 215 260
Mandarin 195 95 95 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 45 65 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 25 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 345 175 170
Burmese 0 0 0 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 5 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 80 40 40 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 70 40 30 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 15 0 10 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 1,025 520 505 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 290 160 130
Turkish 1,010 520 490 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 0 0 0 205 100 105
Uzbek 5 0 5 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 185 80 105
Uralic languages 125 55 70 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 0 0 0 195 75 120
Finnish 0 0 0 360 125 240
Hungarian 125 55 70 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 10 20 685 385 300
Multiple responses 5,620 2,790 2,830 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 705 375 335 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 445 220 230 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 4,025 1,955 2,070 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 445 240 200 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 100,090 47,400 52,690 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 87,080 41,100 45,980 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 65,870 31,060 34,815 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 6,800 3,420 3,380 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 59,070 27,635 31,435 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 21,210 10,040 11,160 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 10 0 0 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 0 5 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 21,200 10,040 11,160 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,130 2,620 2,505 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 770 395 375 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 565 295 270 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 205 105 105 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 0 0 0 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 4,360 2,230 2,135 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 5 5 5 340 150 185
Arabic 4,350 2,225 2,130 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 5 5 5 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,120 550 575 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 280 130 150 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 845 420 425 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 20 5 15 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 130 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 740 305 435
Malagasy 5 0 0 360 185 170
Malay 5 5 5 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 5 5 0 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 75 35 35
Creole languages 3,955 1,740 2,215 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 135 60 75 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 3,810 1,670 2,140 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 150 80 75 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 0 0 0 150 85 65
Malayalam 0 0 0 200 100 100
Tamil 155 80 75 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 0 0 0 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 9,065 4,175 4,890 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 5 5 0 1,615 795 820
Armenian 15 10 10 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 310 140 170 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 0 0 0 190 80 105
Latvian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 0 0 0 115 40 70
Slavic languages 305 140 170 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 10 5 5 965 475 495
Bulgarian 15 10 10 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 15 5 10 1,015 475 545
Czech 5 0 0 460 220 240
Macedonian 0 5 5 130 65 65
Polish 55 25 35 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 155 65 85 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 25 15 10 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 0 960 470 490
Slovak 0 0 0 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 0 0 225 95 135
Ukrainian 15 5 10 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 10 5 5 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 0 0 0 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 5 5 0 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 5 0 5 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 50 25 25 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 245 130 120 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 185 100 90 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 45 25 20 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 10 5 10 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 0 0 0 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 80 40 40
Nepali 0 0 0 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 50 25 25 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 0 0 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5 365 185 180
Urdu 70 35 35 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 55 25 25 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 10 5 0 510 280 235
Pashto 0 0 0 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 50 25 25 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 8,425 3,865 4,560 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 0 0 0 110 50 60
Italian 3,665 1,605 2,060 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 240 100 135 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 165 80 90 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 4,360 2,085 2,275 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 0 0 0 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 5 0 5 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 195 85 110 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 445 215 235
Bamanankan 0 0 0 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 10 5 5 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 10 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 25 10 15 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 20 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 530 225 305
Shona 5 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 20 10 10 1,100 535 565
Wolof 40 25 20 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 130 65 65
Sign languages 50 25 30 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 0 0 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 30 15 15 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 10 10 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 500 250 250 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 500 250 250 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 220 120 105 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 0 0 0 155 75 80
Mandarin 180 95 90 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 25 35 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 30 15 20 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 215 115 100
Burmese 0 0 0 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 35 20 20 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 35 20 15 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 5 0 0 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 850 430 420 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 100 50 55
Turkish 845 425 420 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 0 0 0 140 75 70
Uzbek 5 0 5 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Uralic languages 95 45 50 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 0 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 95 45 50 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 150 90 60
Multiple responses 13,010 6,300 6,715 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 1,140 585 560 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 745 375 375 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 9,775 4,645 5,125 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 1,355 700 650 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 100,090 47,400 52,690 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 70,570 32,975 37,595 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 4,675 2,355 2,315 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 9,735 4,735 4,995 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 12,955 6,250 6,705 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 5 0 5 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 12,950 6,245 6,705 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 800 420 375 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 720 325 395 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 605 310 290 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 30 20 10 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 79,670 37,435 42,235 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,155 35,760 40,395 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 24,217 26,400 22,706 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 76,160 35,765 40,400 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 23,191 24,766 21,942 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,585 30,155 31,430 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 20,987 24,402 17,980 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,995 30,490 36,510 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,053 4,906 10,170 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 48,410 24,990 23,420 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 23,706 25,850 21,671 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 79,625 37,410 42,215 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 76,090 35,755 40,340 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,186 32,479 28,155 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 76,095 35,755 40,340 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,518 27,950 25,249 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,615 30,065 31,550 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,367 30,969 23,934 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,025 30,515 36,510 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,111 7,539 10,426 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 48,345 24,840 23,510 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,965 31,519 26,267 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 79,625 37,405 42,215 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 18,460 10,190 8,270 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 37,634 38,909 35,841 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 42,697 45,004 39,857 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 73.6 80.3 66.7 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 61.1 67.4 54.7 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 26.4 19.6 33.3 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 79,675 37,435 42,235 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 3,515 1,675 1,840 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 76,155 35,760 40,395 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.5 95.6 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,000 5,950 6,050 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 18,880 7,555 11,325 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 14,920 6,535 8,390 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 10,910 5,480 5,430 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 7,770 3,815 3,955 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 4,530 2,310 2,215 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 2,620 1,425 1,195 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 1,690 925 765 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 1,020 575 450 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 615 395 220 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 1,205 800 405 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 895 580 320 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 305 220 90 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 79,670 37,435 42,235 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 3,510 1,675 1,840 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 76,160 35,765 40,400 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 95.6 95.5 95.7 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,225 6,005 6,215 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 19,580 7,910 11,670 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 17,290 7,875 9,420 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 12,970 6,575 6,395 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 7,065 3,505 3,555 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 3,485 1,815 1,675 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 1,765 950 810 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 835 490 345 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 950 640 310 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 370 235 130 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 195 135 60 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 390 275 115 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 79,670 37,435 42,235 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 31,260 12,445 18,815 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 48,415 24,985 23,420 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 60.8 66.7 55.5 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,295 3,530 3,765 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 4,870 2,290 2,580 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 9,020 4,345 4,670 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 7,885 3,990 3,900 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 6,770 3,690 3,075 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 4,725 2,485 2,240 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 2,810 1,600 1,210 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 1,750 1,030 720 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 1,310 715 600 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 1,985 1,325 660 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 710 455 260 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 445 295 150 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 825 575 250 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 43,115 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 43,347 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 39,772 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 16,625 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 24,912 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 23,924 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 26,490 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 57,300 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 52,950 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 43,090 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 53,300 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 46,823 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 16,605 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,742 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,602 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 26,490 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,813 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 58,872 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 43,115 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 550 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,105 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,345 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,350 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,465 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,910 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,885 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,020 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,830 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,495 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,275 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,385 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,570 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,855 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,415 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,645 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,250 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,090 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 890 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 410 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 43,115 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 585 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,110 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 2,355 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,510 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,850 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,300 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,555 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,435 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,955 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,735 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,550 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,460 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,195 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,680 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,175 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 2,675 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,540 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 640 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 495 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 25,220 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 57,299 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 52,960 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,715 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 53,302 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 48,745 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 10,610 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 69,906 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 64,302 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,985 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,170 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 41,107 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 25,210 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 66,924 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 58,913 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,715 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,398 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 55,760 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 10,625 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 79,859 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 70,345 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,965 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,815 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,398 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 20,125 9,480 10,650 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,824 24,643 23,346 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 22,973 23,437 22,729 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 20,145 9,670 10,475 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 30,272 30,972 29,625 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 26,441 26,677 26,222 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 98,075 46,800 51,275 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 77,455 36,460 41,000 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 16,740 7,950 8,785 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 18,660 8,410 10,255 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 18,240 8,585 9,650 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 13,860 6,680 7,175 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 9,960 4,830 5,130 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 20,615 10,340 10,280 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 7,575 3,790 3,790 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 5,255 2,645 2,610 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 3,890 1,945 1,940 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 2,510 1,245 1,265 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 1,385 710 675 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 98,070 46,800 51,275 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 21,510 10,935 10,575 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 8,110 4,160 3,955 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 59,535 28,885 30,650 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 17,030 6,970 10,050 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 26,040 11,955 14,085 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 6,775 3,485 3,295 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 2,675 1,380 1,295 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 15,160 7,125 8,035 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 4,110 1,350 2,760 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 26.6 25.5 27.5 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 31.5 31.9 31.2 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 33.0 33.2 32.7 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 25.5 24.7 26.2 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 24.1 19.4 27.5 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 20,310 9,455 10,860 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 5,050 2,570 2,480 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 2,000 1,030 970 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 12,390 5,980 6,415 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 2,875 910 1,970 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 20.7 20.2 21.2 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 23.5 23.5 23.5 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 24.7 24.8 24.5 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 20.8 20.7 20.9 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 16.9 13.1 19.6 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 97,985 46,770 51,215 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 95,445 45,825 49,615 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 44,220 23,450 20,775 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 92,945 44,445 48,495 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 55,855 26,910 28,945 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 0 10 0 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 0 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 10 0 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 0 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 55,850 26,905 28,945 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 14,045 7,400 6,645 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 2,635 1,405 1,235 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 1,670 880 795 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 970 535 440 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 10 0 10 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 0 0 0 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 12,645 6,660 5,985 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 0 0 10 1,145 540 600
Arabic 12,625 6,655 5,975 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 20 0 15 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 0 0 0 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,775 880 900 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 485 250 240 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 1,340 650 690 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 105 45 60 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 10 0 10 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 540 195 350
Ilocano 0 0 10 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 30 15 15 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 0 0 0 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 65 25 40 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 540 270 275
Creole languages 16,035 7,165 8,865 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 420 230 185 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 15,645 6,935 8,710 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 270 130 140 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 0 0 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 10 0 0 510 285 220
Tamil 270 130 135 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 0 0 0 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 21,015 10,085 10,930 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 60 25 30 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 50 30 20 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 730 310 420 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 0 0 0 1,080 500 585
Latvian 0 0 0 335 150 185
Lithuanian 0 0 0 755 350 410
Slavic languages 730 310 420 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 365 150 215
Bosnian 10 10 0 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 60 20 45 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 35 15 15 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 20 10 10 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 0 0 0 285 140 145
Polish 135 50 85 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 355 155 195 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 90 40 50 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 20 10 10 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 10 970 490 480
Ukrainian 80 40 40 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 75 75
Celtic languages 0 0 0 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 175 95
Germanic languages 260 150 105 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 15 10 0 415 260 150
Danish 0 0 0 835 410 420
Dutch 20 15 10 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 215 130 90 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 0 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 0 0 0 510 255 255
Swedish 0 0 0 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 760 265 495
Yiddish 0 0 0 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 270 125 140
Greek 155 85 70 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 585 255 325 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 450 195 250 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 40 20 20 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 60 15 45 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 60 35 25 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 0 150 70 75
Marathi 0 0 0 475 240 230
Nepali 0 0 0 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 75 45 35 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 0 0 0 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 1,335 625 710
Urdu 270 95 170 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 145 65 80 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 35 10 25 1,255 665 590
Pashto 0 0 0 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 115 55 55 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 19,465 9,360 10,100 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 0 0 0 890 525 365
Italian 9,250 4,400 4,855 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 945 505 440 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 390 210 175 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 9,875 4,720 5,150 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 490 345 145
Japanese 25 10 20 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 220 110 110
Georgian 10 0 0 215 105 110
Korean 0 0 10 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 0 0 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 1,550 755 795 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 15 10 15 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 80 35 35 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 10 10 10 190 95 95
Ewe 35 15 15 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 105 40 70 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 0 0 0 315 155 160
Ganda 0 0 0 90 40 55
Igbo 0 0 0 275 190 90
Lingala 480 225 255 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 115 50 55 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 110 35 75 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 10 0 150 75 80
Swahili 205 85 115 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 255 150 105 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 25 15 10 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 410 225 185 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 345 350
Sign languages 175 80 100 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 10 0 10 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 95 45 50 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 815 400 410 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 805 390 415 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 410 185 225 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 10 0 0 545 240 310
Mandarin 335 170 160 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 100 50 50 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 0 0 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 10 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 0 430 235 195
Burmese 0 0 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 10 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 105 45 55 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 75 35 35 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 45 20 25 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 1,125 540 585 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 510 275 235
Turkish 1,115 535 580 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 0 0 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 15 10 10 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 115 120
Uralic languages 115 75 35 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 0 0 0 150 55 95
Finnish 0 0 0 500 195 305
Hungarian 115 75 35 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 65 40 30 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 97,985 46,770 51,215 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 84,540 40,390 44,145 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,900 9,605 9,295 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 65,640 30,785 34,850 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 13,450 6,385 7,070 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 97,990 46,770 51,215 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 56,755 26,960 29,795 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 40,000 19,165 20,835 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 7,810 3,745 4,070 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 4,915 2,415 2,495 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 6,865 3,325 3,545 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 11,400 5,455 5,940 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 4,300 2,080 2,220 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 7,105 3,380 3,720 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,000 4,220 4,780 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,230 650 585 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 40,000 19,160 20,830 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 3,805 2,010 1,800 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 6,445 3,025 3,420 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 8,655 3,820 4,835 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 18,400 9,140 9,260 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 2,690 1,170 1,520 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 39,995 19,165 20,835 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 17,865 8,035 9,830 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 55 15 40 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 400 195 210 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 995 495 500 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 0 0 0 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 12,475 5,470 7,000 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 0 0 0 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 525 210 315 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 680 310 365 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 15 0 10 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 480 275 205 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 2,240 1,060 1,185 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 6,680 3,160 3,515 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 50 30 15 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 25 10 10 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 705 310 395 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 25 0 20 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 45 30 15 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 80 60 20 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 820 485 330
Italy 4,380 2,040 2,345 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 15 10 10 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 90 25 65 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 360 185 175 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 240 125 115 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 40 10 30 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 40 20 20 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 65 25 40 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 45 30 15 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 470 240 225 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 10,850 5,640 5,205 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 4,430 2,305 2,130 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 165 110 60 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 10 0 0 995 495 495
Kenya 0 0 0 785 355 430
Morocco 3,505 1,830 1,680 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 10 10 0 1,340 740 600
Somalia 10 0 10 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 2,725 1,400 1,325 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 4,600 2,320 2,280 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 45 15 25 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 30 15 15 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 330 135 190 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 15 15 0 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 40 25 15 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 25 20 10 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 100 45 50 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 0 0 0 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 10 0 0 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 1,315 710 605 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 105 35 65 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 75 35 45 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 175 100 75 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 215 120 90 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 0 0 0 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 925 415 505 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 1,195 620 580 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 10 10 0 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,000 4,220 4,775 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 4,445 1,960 2,485 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 0 10 0 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 90 50 40 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 60 25 40 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 3,725 1,630 2,090 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 0 0 0 190 140 55
Mexico 120 50 70 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 150 60 85 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 10 0 10 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 290 140 150 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 215 110 110 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 75 20 55 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 0 0 0 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 10 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 10 10 10 2,945 1,260 1,685
Russian Federation