Census Profile, 2016 Census
Hochelaga [Federal electoral district], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hochelaga
Quebec
[Federal electoral district]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Hochelaga [Federal electoral district], Quebec  Map : Hochelaga [Federal electoral district], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 106,496 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 103,436 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.0 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 58,438 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 54,561 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,447.4 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 19.55 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 106,500 52,960 53,535 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 13,835 7,010 6,820 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 5,640 2,890 2,755 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 4,595 2,275 2,315 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 3,600 1,845 1,750 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 75,120 38,715 36,400 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 3,810 1,915 1,900 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 7,520 3,645 3,870 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 10,300 5,090 5,205 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 10,275 5,255 5,025 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 9,500 5,135 4,370 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 6,835 3,685 3,150 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 6,400 3,535 2,870 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 7,125 3,835 3,290 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 7,080 3,600 3,480 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 6,280 3,025 3,255 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 17,540 7,230 10,310 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 5,000 2,415 2,585 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 4,005 1,745 2,265 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 2,935 1,165 1,765 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 2,655 980 1,675 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 2,950 930 2,020 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 1,945 690 1,260 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 785 210 580 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 190 30 155 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 35 0 30 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.0 13.2 12.7 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 70.5 73.1 68.0 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 16.5 13.7 19.3 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.8 1.8 3.8 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 41.4 40.2 42.5 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 38.8 38.3 39.4 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 54,560 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 1,450 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 3,080 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 50,025 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 495 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 785 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 6,370 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 42,145 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 225 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 54,560 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 25,815 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 16,890 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 6,010 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 4,010 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,825 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 103,590 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 1.9 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 92,660 45,950 46,715 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 40,165 20,475 19,690 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 22,095 11,175 10,920 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 18,070 9,300 8,770 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 52,500 25,475 27,025 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 38,040 20,760 17,280 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 1,790 775 1,015 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 7,735 2,875 4,855 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 4,935 1,060 3,870 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 24,830 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 14,590 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 5,130 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 3,680 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,430 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.7 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 24,830 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 19,430 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 10,400 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 9,030 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,400 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 4,350 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 1,045 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 19,430 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 10,890 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 8,540 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 3,890 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 3,345 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 1,300 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,400 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 3,700 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 1,240 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 460 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 36,680 18,915 17,765 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 54,560 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 24,300 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,695 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 13,600 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 260 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 30,000 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 25,815 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 4,185 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 104,195 51,970 52,230 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 2,420 1,300 1,120 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 44,070 19,955 24,110 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 56,430 30,220 26,210 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 1,275 495 780 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 104,195 51,970 52,230 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 7,060 3,740 3,320 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 90,990 45,125 45,870 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 4,920 2,630 2,285 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 1,220 470 750 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 9,525 5,060 4,465 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 9.1 9.7 8.5 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 104,200 51,970 52,225 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 100,850 50,215 50,635 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 80,060 39,915 40,150 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 3,585 1,930 1,655 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 76,475 37,985 38,490 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 20,790 10,300 10,490 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 40 10 25 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 30 10 15 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 20 5 15 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 10 5 5 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 5 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 5 0 0 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,750 10,290 10,465 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 5,125 2,765 2,360 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 1,380 705 680 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 930 470 465 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 450 235 210 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 10 5 5 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 3,730 2,050 1,675 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 5 5 0 745 340 405
Arabic 3,715 2,040 1,675 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 10 10 5 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 0 0 0 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,310 630 685 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 210 105 105 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 1,100 525 580 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 115 35 80 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 5 0 5 115 35 80
Cebuano 5 0 5 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 5 0 410 125 275
Ilocano 0 0 0 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 20 10 10 1,250 590 660
Malay 20 5 10 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 205 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 65 15 45 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 320 140 180
Creole languages 1,140 515 625 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 40 20 15 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 1,085 485 600 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 175 85 90 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 5 0 0 240 130 110
Malayalam 5 0 5 440 235 205
Tamil 165 80 85 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 0 0 0 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 10,125 4,925 5,200 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 55 30 25 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 30 20 10 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 1,520 690 835 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 20 10 10 850 335 515
Latvian 0 0 0 290 120 175
Lithuanian 15 5 10 555 215 340
Slavic languages 1,500 675 820 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 5 0 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 10 5 5 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 135 60 75 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 25 15 15 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 10 5 5 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 5 0 0 205 105 95
Polish 395 190 210 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 550 240 305 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 35 15 20 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10 1,805 865 940
Slovak 10 5 5 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 5 755 350 405
Ukrainian 285 130 160 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 85
Celtic languages 0 0 0 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 55 30
Germanic languages 115 70 50 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 5 0 0 125 60 65
Danish 0 5 0 395 190 200
Dutch 15 5 10 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 85 50 35 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 200 100 100
Swedish 0 5 0 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 540 240 300
Yiddish 0 0 0 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 175 100 75
Greek 255 135 125 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 585 300 290 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 395 200 190 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 295 150 140 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 10 5 5 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 10 5 5 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 0 0 0 110 60 55
Marathi 0 0 0 255 145 110
Nepali 0 0 0 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 15 10 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 5 0 0 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 5 645 310 330
Urdu 50 25 20 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 190 90 100 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 20 10 10 985 550 430
Pashto 0 5 0 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 160 80 90 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 7,560 3,700 3,865 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 10 5 0 320 170 150
Italian 1,460 715 740 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 1,490 715 770 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 515 240 280 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 4,090 2,025 2,065 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 75 50
Japanese 40 15 30 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 10 5 10 170 80 85
Georgian 10 5 10 170 80 90
Korean 35 15 15 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 190 75 115
Mongolian 0 0 0 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 760 410 350 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 45 25 20 1,200 655 545
Edo 0 0 0 75 45 30
Ewe 20 15 5 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 30 20 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 0 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 0 0 0 120 70 50
Lingala 160 80 85 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 15 15 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 50 30 20 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 0 5 0 85 45 40
Swahili 75 30 45 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 95 60 35 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 5 0 0 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 230 130 100 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 345 180 165
Dinka 5 5 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 335 170 165
Sign languages 40 20 15 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 0 0 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 25 10 15 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,630 750 885 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 1,630 745 880 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 645 295 350 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 10 5 5 470 215 260
Mandarin 810 370 445 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 25 35 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 40 30 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Burmese 0 0 0 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 85 30 50 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 70 25 40 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 15 5 10 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 80 50 30 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 290 160 130
Turkish 70 40 25 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 5 0 0 205 100 105
Uzbek 0 0 0 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 185 80 105
Uralic languages 50 25 25 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 0 0 0 195 75 120
Finnish 5 0 5 360 125 240
Hungarian 40 25 20 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 685 385 300
Multiple responses 3,345 1,755 1,590 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 945 520 430 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 265 135 125 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 1,880 965 920 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 260 140 120 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 104,200 51,970 52,225 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 97,680 48,705 48,975 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 86,755 43,435 43,315 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 5,165 2,755 2,410 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 81,585 40,680 40,905 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 10,930 5,270 5,655 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 5 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 5 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 10,920 5,265 5,650 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,995 1,020 975 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 555 285 270 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 410 210 205 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 145 85 70 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 10 0 5 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 10 0 5 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,430 735 700 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 0 0 0 340 150 185
Arabic 1,420 730 695 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 0 5 0 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 935 455 480 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 95 45 55 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 835 415 425 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 15 5 15 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 130 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 740 305 435
Malagasy 5 0 5 360 185 170
Malay 5 0 0 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 5 10 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Creole languages 370 160 210 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 355 155 205 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 130 65 65 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 0 0 0 150 85 65
Malayalam 0 0 0 200 100 100
Tamil 125 65 65 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 0 0 0 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 5,815 2,755 3,065 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 25 15 15 1,615 795 820
Armenian 15 10 5 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 910 410 505 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 5 0 5 190 80 105
Latvian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 5 0 5 115 40 70
Slavic languages 900 405 500 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 5 25 15 15
Bosnian 0 0 0 965 475 495
Bulgarian 90 40 50 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 10 5 5 1,015 475 545
Czech 0 0 0 460 220 240
Macedonian 0 0 0 130 65 65
Polish 185 85 105 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 400 185 210 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 15 5 5 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 10 0 5 960 470 490
Slovak 0 0 0 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 225 95 135
Ukrainian 180 80 100 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 15 5 15 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 0 0 0 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 10 0 10 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 140 70 75 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 410 205 200 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 265 140 130 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 215 110 105 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 5 0 0 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 5 5 0 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 80 40 40
Nepali 0 0 0 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 10 5 0 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 0 0 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 365 185 180
Urdu 30 20 15 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 135 65 70 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 15 10 10 510 280 235
Pashto 0 0 0 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 120 60 65 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 4,300 2,045 2,255 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 5 0 0 110 50 60
Italian 585 255 330 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 830 395 435 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 345 165 180 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 2,530 1,225 1,305 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 5 0 5 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 70 35 35
Georgian 5 0 5 70 40 35
Korean 10 10 5 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 195 90 100 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 0 0 5 445 215 235
Bamanankan 20 10 10 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 0 5 5 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 45 20 25 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 30 15 10 1,100 535 565
Wolof 20 15 5 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 130 65 65
Sign languages 45 25 20 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 0 0 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 30 20 15 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,300 615 685 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 1,300 620 685 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 495 225 270 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 5 5 5 155 75 80
Mandarin 690 335 355 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 20 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 15 15 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 30 30 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 215 115 100
Burmese 0 0 0 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 40 15 20 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 35 20 15 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 5 0 0 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 45 30 15 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 100 50 55
Turkish 45 30 15 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 0 0 0 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Uralic languages 5 5 5 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 0 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 5 0 5 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 90 60
Multiple responses 6,515 3,265 3,255 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 1,250 680 565 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 440 220 225 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 4,130 1,995 2,135 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 695 365 330 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 104,200 51,970 52,230 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 82,735 40,865 41,870 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 7,660 4,140 3,520 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 5,455 2,735 2,725 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 6,785 3,400 3,390 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 15 5 10 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 6,775 3,400 3,375 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 590 320 270 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 640 330 310 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 320 175 150 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 89,785 44,645 45,145 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,435 43,540 43,895 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,166 31,352 27,306 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,445 43,540 43,905 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,708 28,191 25,427 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,685 37,690 37,000 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,092 31,472 24,983 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,455 34,315 37,135 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,335 3,280 7,691 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,745 32,425 29,325 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,612 31,761 27,258 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 89,640 44,505 45,130 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,210 43,280 43,935 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,054 39,889 34,262 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,220 43,280 43,940 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,077 32,841 29,339 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,310 37,385 36,920 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,061 40,208 31,862 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,565 34,220 37,345 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,712 6,515 8,809 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,645 32,295 29,345 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,412 39,565 32,942 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 89,635 44,505 45,130 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 25,470 14,135 11,340 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 44,336 47,121 41,932 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 51,590 54,622 47,812 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 82.9 87.1 78.2 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.4 73.6 64.6 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 17.1 12.9 21.8 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 89,790 44,640 45,145 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 2,355 1,100 1,250 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 87,435 43,540 43,895 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 97.4 97.5 97.2 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,915 6,265 5,645 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 18,465 8,190 10,275 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 14,325 6,550 7,775 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 11,980 5,865 6,115 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 9,670 4,800 4,875 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 6,770 3,465 3,310 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 4,445 2,355 2,090 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 3,140 1,785 1,350 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 2,215 1,305 910 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 1,310 820 480 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 3,200 2,135 1,060 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 2,325 1,540 790 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 870 595 275 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 89,785 44,640 45,150 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 2,345 1,100 1,245 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 87,445 43,545 43,900 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 97.4 97.5 97.2 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,190 6,355 5,835 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 19,230 8,595 10,640 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 17,515 8,210 9,305 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 14,995 7,440 7,555 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 10,090 5,075 5,005 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 5,640 3,080 2,560 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 3,445 1,980 1,470 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 1,750 1,085 665 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 2,595 1,720 875 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 985 630 350 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 500 340 160 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 1,115 750 365 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 89,790 44,640 45,145 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 28,040 12,220 15,825 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 61,750 32,425 29,325 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 68.8 72.6 65.0 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,915 3,960 3,950 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 4,980 2,400 2,580 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 9,865 4,855 5,015 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 8,400 4,235 4,165 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 8,330 4,265 4,065 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 6,545 3,420 3,125 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 4,845 2,665 2,180 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 3,270 1,830 1,440 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 2,515 1,450 1,065 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 5,080 3,350 1,735 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 1,685 1,065 620 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 965 620 345 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 2,430 1,655 775 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 54,560 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 46,365 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 41,087 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 25,815 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,559 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,685 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 28,745 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 65,495 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 58,260 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 54,525 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,269 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 49,713 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 25,845 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,600 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,490 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 28,685 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 78,793 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,132 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 54,560 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,065 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,580 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,175 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,900 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,640 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,100 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,215 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,460 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,310 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,005 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,150 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,040 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,325 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,595 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,060 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 7,935 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,315 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,940 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,670 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,010 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 54,565 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,110 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,595 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,200 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,100 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,125 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,835 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,260 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,200 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,720 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,340 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,370 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,195 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,020 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,260 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,560 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,670 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,515 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,115 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,045 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 25,370 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,261 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 59,515 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,525 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 68,347 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 59,243 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,570 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 84,132 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 74,052 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,245 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,464 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,075 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 25,315 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 81,316 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 67,864 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,530 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,655 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,323 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,455 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,190 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 83,219 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,275 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,926 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,001 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 34,215 17,740 16,470 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,017 27,155 26,929 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,114 24,992 25,227 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 34,155 17,645 16,505 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,336 34,621 34,031 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,053 29,048 29,058 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 103,590 51,645 51,950 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 71,390 35,035 36,350 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 17,875 9,270 8,605 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 15,005 7,000 8,010 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 14,600 7,045 7,555 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 12,870 6,255 6,615 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 11,030 5,470 5,565 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 32,205 16,605 15,600 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 8,935 4,505 4,430 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 7,705 3,955 3,755 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 6,540 3,390 3,150 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 5,310 2,780 2,535 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 3,710 1,980 1,730 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 103,595 51,645 51,950 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 15,865 8,045 7,820 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 6,705 3,420 3,285 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 72,100 37,010 35,095 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 15,630 6,590 9,040 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 24,175 11,840 12,335 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 3,875 1,950 1,920 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 1,495 750 745 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 16,505 8,540 7,965 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 3,800 1,350 2,450 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 23.3 22.9 23.7 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 24.4 24.2 24.6 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 22.3 21.9 22.7 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 22.9 23.1 22.7 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 24.3 20.5 27.1 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 21,605 10,940 10,665 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 3,000 1,510 1,490 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 1,150 585 565 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 15,805 8,410 7,390 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 2,800 1,020 1,780 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 20.9 21.2 20.5 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 18.9 18.8 19.1 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 17.2 17.1 17.2 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 21.9 22.7 21.1 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 17.9 15.5 19.7 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 103,380 51,470 51,910 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 102,130 50,945 51,190 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 58,545 31,400 27,145 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 99,720 49,575 50,140 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 32,015 15,690 16,325 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 15 0 10 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 0 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 32,000 15,685 16,310 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,385 3,955 3,430 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 1,605 850 760 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 1,095 575 525 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 520 280 235 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 15 0 10 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 10 0 45 30 10
Somali 15 10 10 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 6,660 3,560 3,100 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 10 0 0 1,145 540 600
Arabic 6,625 3,535 3,090 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 30 30 10 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 0 0 0 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,385 685 700 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 215 100 115 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 1,175 590 585 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 210 95 115 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 540 195 350
Ilocano 0 0 0 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 50 20 30 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 30 20 10 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 110 45 65 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 540 270 275
Creole languages 2,280 1,040 1,240 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 105 45 55 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 2,115 980 1,140 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 65 20 40 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 310 150 165 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 10 10 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 0 0 0 510 285 220
Tamil 310 150 165 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 0 0 0 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 17,110 8,270 8,840 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 90 40 50 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 30 15 20 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 1,825 810 1,010 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 10 10 0 1,080 500 585
Latvian 0 0 0 335 150 185
Lithuanian 10 10 0 755 350 410
Slavic languages 1,815 805 1,005 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 15 10 10 365 150 215
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 130 55 75 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 40 10 30 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 25 15 10 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 0 0 0 285 140 145
Polish 440 200 240 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 980 420 560 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 50 20 30 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 15 0 15 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 25 20 10 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 0 10 970 490 480
Ukrainian 360 145 210 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 150 75 75
Celtic languages 15 10 0 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 0 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 265 175 95
Germanic languages 730 415 310 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 15 10 0 415 260 150
Danish 20 10 10 835 410 420
Dutch 55 30 25 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 620 355 270 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 0 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 10 0 10 510 255 255
Swedish 35 20 15 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 10 760 265 495
Yiddish 10 10 10 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 270 125 140
Greek 355 180 175 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 610 315 295 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 455 245 210 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 320 165 150 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 15 15 0 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 45 30 10 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 0 150 70 75
Marathi 0 0 0 475 240 230
Nepali 0 0 0 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 0 0 0 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 0 0 0 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 15 10 1,335 625 710
Urdu 70 35 35 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 160 80 90 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 10 10 0 1,255 665 590
Pashto 10 0 0 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 155 65 85 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 14,095 6,765 7,330 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 50 25 25 890 525 365
Italian 2,775 1,395 1,380 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 2,020 960 1,060 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 645 305 340 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 9,405 4,455 4,955 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 490 345 145
Japanese 155 65 90 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 10 0 0 220 110 110
Georgian 0 10 0 215 105 110
Korean 40 20 15 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 0 0 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 1,720 840 880 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 10 10 10 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 35 20 15 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 0 0 0 190 95 95
Ewe 30 25 0 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 145 80 65 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 0 0 0 315 155 160
Ganda 0 0 0 90 40 55
Igbo 0 0 0 275 190 90
Lingala 540 225 320 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 90 35 60 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 40 20 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 300 110 185 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 200 100 95 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 10 10 0 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 525 295 235 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 10 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 695 345 350
Sign languages 190 80 110 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 0 0 0 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 150 55 90 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,940 895 1,045 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 1,935 895 1,040 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 790 350 440 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 10 0 0 545 240 310
Mandarin 1,045 485 560 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 30 55 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 15 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 125 70 55 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 10 430 235 195
Burmese 0 0 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 135 65 70 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 90 50 50 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 75 35 40 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 75 45 30 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 10 0 0 510 275 235
Turkish 65 40 25 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 0 0 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 235 115 120
Uralic languages 75 30 45 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 0 0 0 150 55 95
Finnish 15 10 10 500 195 305
Hungarian 60 30 30 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 30 15 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 103,380 51,470 51,910 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 93,420 46,265 47,155 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 14,590 7,445 7,140 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 78,830 38,815 40,015 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 9,960 5,205 4,755 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 103,380 51,475 51,905 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 77,980 38,665 39,315 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 23,275 11,565 11,710 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 3,455 1,675 1,780 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 2,275 1,155 1,120 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 3,480 1,740 1,740 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 7,775 3,885 3,890 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 3,015 1,490 1,525 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 4,765 2,400 2,365 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 6,285 3,105 3,180 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,130 1,245 885 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 23,270 11,565 11,705 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 2,165 1,110 1,055 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 3,200 1,560 1,640 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 3,880 1,840 2,045 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 12,735 6,395 6,345 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 1,285 665 620 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 23,270 11,565 11,710 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 5,555 2,655 2,895 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 360 180 180 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 550 275 285 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 210 105 100 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 0 0 0 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 1,710 750 960 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 10 0 10 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 610 335 275 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 380 185 195 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 25 20 10 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 290 115 175 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 1,405 685 720 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 6,415 3,185 3,225 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 10 20 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 15 0 15 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 2,470 1,310 1,160 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 95 70 30 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 165 95 70 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 20 10 10 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 10 820 485 330
Italy 815 425 395 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 10 10 10 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 235 105 135 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 810 365 450 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 335 155 180 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 210 85 125 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 0 10 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 240 85 160 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 75 50 25 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 835 395 440 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 7,600 4,010 3,590 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 3,190 1,665 1,515 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 90 65 25 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 15 10 10 995 495 495
Kenya 15 0 15 785 355 430
Morocco 1,565 845 725 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 10 10 0 1,340 740 600
Somalia 10 10 0 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 15 10 0 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 2,695 1,395 1,295 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 3,680 1,700 1,980 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 25 15 15 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 185 90 100 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,020 410 610 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 75 45 25 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 15 10 10 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 95 30 70 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 10 10 0 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 35 15 25 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 20 0 0 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 275 160 110 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 40 25 15 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 95 40 60 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 180 80 100 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 40 20 15 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 65 30 40 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 915 460 455 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 590 260 330 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 20 15 10 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,285 3,105 3,180 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 1,475 705 770 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 205 100 110 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 195 110 90 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 150 70 80 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 390 185 205 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 0 0 0 190 140 55
Mexico 215 105 105 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 80 30 45 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 70 35 35 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 180 65 110 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 1,390 720 670 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 955 525 430 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 10 10 10 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 10 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 125 50 80 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 40 20 25 2,945 1,260 1,685
Russian Federation