Census Profile, 2016 Census
Laurier--Sainte-Marie [Federal electoral district], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Laurier--Sainte-Marie
Quebec
[Federal electoral district]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Laurier--Sainte-Marie [Federal electoral district], Quebec  Map : Laurier--Sainte-Marie [Federal electoral district], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 111,835 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 107,034 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.5 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 70,379 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 62,938 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 10,756.9 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 10.40 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 111,835 59,865 51,970 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 10,610 5,455 5,155 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 4,575 2,370 2,210 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 3,430 1,745 1,685 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 2,600 1,340 1,255 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 87,795 47,925 39,870 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 3,250 1,555 1,695 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 11,035 5,270 5,760 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 16,105 8,235 7,865 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 13,590 7,305 6,280 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 11,075 6,210 4,865 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 7,605 4,415 3,190 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 6,400 3,780 2,620 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 6,745 4,155 2,595 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 6,305 3,715 2,590 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 5,685 3,280 2,410 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 13,425 6,485 6,945 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 4,665 2,610 2,060 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 3,220 1,675 1,545 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 2,135 980 1,155 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 1,560 665 890 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 1,855 555 1,295 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 1,125 390 735 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 550 140 405 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 165 25 135 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 25 5 20 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 9.5 9.1 9.9 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 78.5 80.1 76.7 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 12.0 10.8 13.4 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 1.7 0.9 2.5 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 39.2 39.4 38.9 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 35.5 36.5 34.3 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 62,940 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 75 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 11,720 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 51,140 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 55 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 955 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,370 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 46,490 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 270 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 62,940 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 33,825 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 18,880 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 5,935 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 3,125 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,175 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 108,235 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 1.7 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 101,225 54,410 46,815 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 38,785 20,600 18,185 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 16,435 8,560 7,875 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 22,355 12,040 10,310 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 62,440 33,805 28,630 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 50,225 28,915 21,310 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 1,735 855 885 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 7,265 3,305 3,965 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 3,215 740 2,475 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 22,530 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 14,985 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 4,170 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 2,525 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 850 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.5 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 22,535 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 18,750 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 7,570 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 11,180 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,785 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 2,920 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 865 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 18,750 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 12,295 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 6,450 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 3,320 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 2,345 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 785 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,785 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 2,685 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 850 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 250 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 51,115 28,765 22,350 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 62,940 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 22,220 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,180 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 10,040 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 155 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 40,570 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 33,820 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 6,745 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 109,630 58,645 50,980 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 7,250 4,030 3,210 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 26,235 13,040 13,190 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 74,570 40,990 33,580 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 1,575 580 995 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 109,625 58,645 50,980 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 18,155 9,905 8,250 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 84,805 45,505 39,305 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 5,120 2,675 2,445 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 1,545 565 980 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 20,715 11,245 9,475 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 18.9 19.2 18.6 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 109,630 58,645 50,985 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 106,225 56,770 49,455 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 86,360 46,685 39,675 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 11,000 6,110 4,885 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 75,360 40,575 34,785 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 19,870 10,090 9,785 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 25 15 10 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 20 5 15 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 5 10 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 5 5 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 5 0 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 0 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 5 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 19,845 10,070 9,770 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,770 1,695 1,070 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 185 105 75 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 80 50 35 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 100 60 45 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 25 15 10 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 20 10 10 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 2,555 1,570 985 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 30 15 15 745 340 405
Arabic 2,460 1,520 940 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 55 30 25 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 0 0 0 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 800 390 410 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 100 45 55 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 700 345 355 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 150 55 100 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 0 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 10 5 5 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 410 125 275
Ilocano 5 0 0 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 20 5 15 1,250 590 660
Malay 40 15 20 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 205 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 80 30 45 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 320 140 180
Creole languages 370 200 170 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 20 10 5 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 335 180 155 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 115 60 60 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 10 5 0 240 130 110
Malayalam 10 5 5 440 235 205
Tamil 95 40 55 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 10 5 0 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 11,230 5,720 5,510 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 45 20 25 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 100 55 45 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 1,465 640 830 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 15 5 10 850 335 515
Latvian 5 5 0 290 120 175
Lithuanian 5 5 5 555 215 340
Slavic languages 1,450 635 820 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 5 0 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 20 10 10 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 120 55 70 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 45 20 25 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 50 25 25 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 5 5 0 205 105 95
Polish 305 135 170 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 645 260 385 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 95 50 45 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 50 25 30 1,805 865 940
Slovak 30 15 20 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 5 755 350 405
Ukrainian 85 35 45 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 85
Celtic languages 5 0 5 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 90 55 30
Germanic languages 645 310 335 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 5 5 5 125 60 65
Danish 20 10 10 395 190 200
Dutch 100 50 50 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 425 210 215 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 10 5 5 200 100 100
Swedish 50 25 30 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 540 240 300
Yiddish 5 5 0 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 175 100 75
Greek 215 115 95 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 2,130 1,100 1,025 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 1,320 690 635 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 960 480 480 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 35 20 20 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 90 50 35 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 5 5 0 110 60 55
Marathi 5 0 5 255 145 110
Nepali 5 5 0 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 30 30 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 10 5 5 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 0 645 310 330
Urdu 140 85 55 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 800 410 390 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 25 15 5 985 550 430
Pashto 10 5 0 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 765 385 380 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 6,635 3,480 3,155 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 40 20 15 320 170 150
Italian 525 290 235 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 1,315 680 630 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 380 180 210 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 4,370 2,305 2,070 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 125 75 50
Japanese 190 60 125 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 170 80 85
Georgian 10 5 0 170 80 90
Korean 205 100 105 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 190 75 115
Mongolian 5 0 5 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 420 210 210 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 25 15 10 1,200 655 545
Edo 5 5 5 75 45 30
Ewe 5 5 0 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 55 30 20 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 5 80 40 40
Ganda 0 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 0 0 0 120 70 50
Lingala 50 15 30 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 15 10 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 15 25 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 0 0 0 85 45 40
Swahili 25 10 15 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 65 30 35 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 5 5 5 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 60 55 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 170 165
Sign languages 20 15 5 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 0 5 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 10 10 0 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,155 1,365 1,795 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 3,160 1,365 1,795 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 1,305 545 760 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 40 15 20 470 215 260
Mandarin 1,490 650 840 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 45 60 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 15 25 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 180 90 90 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Burmese 0 0 0 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 85 35 50 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 50 25 25 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 35 10 25 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 180 100 75 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 290 160 130
Turkish 165 95 70 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 5 0 0 205 100 105
Uzbek 0 0 0 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 80 105
Uralic languages 110 45 65 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 5 0 5 195 75 120
Finnish 15 10 10 360 125 240
Hungarian 90 35 55 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 15 15 685 385 300
Multiple responses 3,395 1,875 1,525 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 1,425 790 635 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 515 275 245 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 1,175 640 530 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 285 170 115 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 109,625 58,645 50,980 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 104,320 55,815 48,500 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 94,655 51,215 43,440 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 15,420 8,495 6,920 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 79,235 42,715 36,520 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 9,670 4,605 5,065 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 0 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 9,660 4,600 5,060 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 870 480 385 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 30 20 10 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 25 15 5 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 5 5 0 5
Oromo 0 5 0 5 0 0
Somali 5 0 5 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 830 455 370 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 10 5 0 340 150 185
Arabic 800 445 355 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 20 10 15 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 425 195 235 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 35 15 20 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 390 180 215 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 35 15 20 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 130 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 740 305 435
Malagasy 5 0 5 360 185 170
Malay 10 5 5 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 10 10 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Creole languages 145 70 75 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 10 5 5 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 125 60 60 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 10 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 60 30 30 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 0 0 0 150 85 65
Malayalam 0 0 0 200 100 100
Tamil 55 25 25 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 5 5 5 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 5,365 2,595 2,770 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 20 10 10 1,615 795 820
Armenian 30 20 10 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 565 245 320 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 0 0 0 190 80 105
Latvian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 0 0 0 115 40 70
Slavic languages 570 250 320 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 5 0 5 965 475 495
Bulgarian 35 15 20 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 10 5 5 1,015 475 545
Czech 10 5 5 460 220 240
Macedonian 5 0 5 130 65 65
Polish 85 45 45 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 300 125 175 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 55 25 30 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15 960 470 490
Slovak 5 0 5 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 225 95 135
Ukrainian 35 15 20 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 135 65 75 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 5 5 0 50 25 25
Dutch 15 10 10 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 95 45 50 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 5 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 15 10 10 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 60 30 35 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 1,355 655 700 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 870 420 445 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 710 340 375 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 15 5 5 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 35 20 20 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 80 40 40
Nepali 0 0 0 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 5 10 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 5 0 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 365 185 180
Urdu 75 45 35 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 485 230 255 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 15 10 5 510 280 235
Pashto 5 0 0 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 465 220 245 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 3,195 1,570 1,630 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 25 10 10 110 50 60
Italian 130 70 60 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 690 325 360 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 140 70 70 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 2,215 1,095 1,130 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 65 25 40 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 5 0 5 70 40 35
Korean 100 45 50 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 85 40 45 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 445 215 235
Bamanankan 10 5 5 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 10 5 5 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 0 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 5 0 0 1,100 535 565
Wolof 10 5 10 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 65 65
Sign languages 25 15 10 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 5 5 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 15 5 5 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,370 1,030 1,335 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 2,365 1,030 1,340 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 1,065 425 640 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 10 10 5 155 75 80
Mandarin 1,095 505 590 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 25 25 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 120 55 65 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 215 115 100
Burmese 0 0 0 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 15 10 10 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 5 0 0 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 5 5 0 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 65 30 35 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 5 5 0 100 50 55
Turkish 55 30 25 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 0 5 0 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 65 30 35
Uralic languages 30 10 20 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 5 0 5 30 10 20
Finnish 5 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 20 5 15 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 150 90 60
Multiple responses 5,305 2,830 2,475 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 1,970 1,135 835 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 805 425 380 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 1,890 900 990 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 635 370 270 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 109,625 58,645 50,985 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 82,400 43,740 38,655 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 11,680 6,595 5,085 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 6,180 3,305 2,875 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 7,220 3,825 3,390 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 15 5 10 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 7,210 3,820 3,390 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 700 355 350 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 895 525 375 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 500 270 230 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 50 30 20 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 97,630 52,315 45,315 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,230 51,240 43,990 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,467 31,439 27,241 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,235 51,245 43,995 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,901 28,274 25,497 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 82,530 44,385 38,145 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,822 34,242 27,154 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 73,305 37,870 35,435 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,770 1,538 2,207 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,460 39,410 33,050 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,702 33,931 27,081 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 97,615 52,195 45,420 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,260 51,185 44,065 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,296 44,591 37,469 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,265 51,190 44,070 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,564 35,614 31,184 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 82,975 44,600 38,375 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,302 46,877 36,985 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 73,235 37,560 35,670 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,786 5,109 6,500 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,625 39,295 33,330 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,530 45,929 36,344 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 97,615 52,195 45,420 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 29,120 17,270 11,850 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,972 52,927 46,799 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,973 63,257 52,729 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.1 91.6 85.7 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 76.5 79.0 73.0 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.9 8.4 14.3 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 97,630 52,315 45,310 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 2,400 1,075 1,325 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 95,230 51,240 43,985 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 97.5 97.9 97.1 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,455 8,235 7,220 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 19,620 9,935 9,685 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 13,085 6,575 6,510 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 10,750 5,640 5,110 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 9,095 4,750 4,345 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 6,820 3,665 3,160 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 5,230 2,905 2,325 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 4,210 2,360 1,850 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 2,860 1,755 1,100 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 1,990 1,255 740 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 6,115 4,170 1,950 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 4,195 2,760 1,435 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 1,925 1,415 515 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 97,630 52,320 45,315 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 2,395 1,075 1,320 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 95,235 51,240 43,990 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 97.5 97.9 97.1 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,665 8,340 7,320 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 20,435 10,405 10,035 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 15,990 8,180 7,805 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 13,870 7,305 6,565 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 10,075 5,365 4,715 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 7,005 3,885 3,120 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 4,430 2,630 1,795 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 2,655 1,655 1,005 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 5,105 3,475 1,630 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 1,690 1,100 595 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 1,000 645 350 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 2,415 1,740 685 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 97,630 52,315 45,315 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 25,170 12,905 12,265 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 72,460 39,410 33,050 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 74.2 75.3 72.9 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,500 4,765 4,740 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 6,175 3,035 3,145 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 11,340 5,715 5,625 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 8,635 4,525 4,105 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 7,930 4,240 3,695 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 6,830 3,670 3,165 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 5,335 2,935 2,405 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 4,280 2,425 1,855 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 3,525 2,070 1,455 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 8,910 6,040 2,870 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 2,305 1,490 815 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 1,655 1,100 555 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 4,950 3,455 1,495 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 62,940 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 45,225 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 39,897 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 33,820 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,448 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 27,566 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 29,115 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,601 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 60,876 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 62,960 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 62,481 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 50,787 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 33,870 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,675 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,183 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 29,090 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,873 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,286 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 62,940 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 2,955 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,420 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,200 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,050 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,580 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,370 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,220 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,345 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,200 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,815 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,000 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,195 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,640 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,860 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,270 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,830 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,080 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,365 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,405 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,975 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 62,940 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 3,025 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,440 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 4,210 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 5,285 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 4,140 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 4,045 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 4,285 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 4,120 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,685 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,420 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,610 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,355 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,285 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,585 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,900 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,550 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,060 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,545 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,945 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 23,185 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,643 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 64,178 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,065 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 75,504 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 64,156 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 6,460 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,008 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,817 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.7 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,700 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,648 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 42,247 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 23,160 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,234 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,400 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,970 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,219 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,484 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 6,555 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 123,366 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 97,166 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,645 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,325 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 50,108 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 49,030 27,720 21,310 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,472 26,313 24,596 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,920 24,403 23,339 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 48,900 27,600 21,295 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,815 37,483 33,654 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 29,678 30,672 28,391 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 108,235 57,770 50,465 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 69,990 36,880 33,110 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 24,580 13,315 11,265 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 14,395 7,305 7,085 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 11,310 5,870 5,435 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 10,520 5,505 5,020 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 9,190 4,885 4,300 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 38,245 20,890 17,355 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 8,560 4,530 4,030 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 7,930 4,245 3,685 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 7,705 4,225 3,485 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 7,255 4,060 3,200 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 6,790 3,835 2,955 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 108,235 57,770 50,465 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 11,995 6,135 5,855 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 5,275 2,720 2,555 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 84,860 46,005 38,855 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 11,385 5,630 5,755 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 29,180 15,485 13,690 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 2,650 1,390 1,260 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 865 440 425 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 22,350 12,135 10,215 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 4,175 1,965 2,210 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 27.0 26.8 27.1 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 22.1 22.7 21.5 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 16.4 16.2 16.6 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 26.3 26.4 26.3 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 36.7 34.9 38.4 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 28,895 15,585 13,310 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 2,030 1,065 965 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 650 330 320 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 23,565 12,925 10,640 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 3,300 1,595 1,705 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 26.7 27.0 26.4 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 16.9 17.4 16.5 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 12.3 12.1 12.5 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 27.8 28.1 27.4 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 29.0 28.3 29.6 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 108,280 57,670 50,610 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 106,770 57,140 49,640 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 80,980 44,250 36,730 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 99,610 53,245 46,360 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 36,875 18,965 17,905 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 20 15 10 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 15 15 0 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 0 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 10 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 10 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 0 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,855 18,955 17,900 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,495 2,755 1,745 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 240 140 100 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 85 60 25 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 160 80 75 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 60 35 25 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 15 10 0 45 30 10
Somali 45 20 25 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 4,365 2,680 1,685 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 35 25 10 1,145 540 600
Arabic 4,085 2,510 1,575 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 260 160 100 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 0 0 0 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 965 475 490 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 105 45 55 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 865 435 430 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 190 100 95 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 10 0 0 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 540 195 350
Ilocano 10 10 10 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 30 10 25 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 70 35 30 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75 45 35 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 540 270 275
Creole languages 1,100 550 550 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 75 30 45 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 975 500 470 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 125 45 80 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 10 0 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 10 0 0 510 285 220
Tamil 95 30 65 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 10 0 0 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 15 10 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 25,510 13,020 12,495 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 50 30 15 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 130 80 55 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 1,825 820 1,000 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 10 0 0 1,080 500 585
Latvian 0 0 0 335 150 185
Lithuanian 10 10 0 755 350 410
Slavic languages 1,820 820 995 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 0 0 0 365 150 215
Bosnian 25 20 10 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 135 65 70 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 75 25 50 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 65 25 40 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 0 10 0 285 140 145
Polish 400 190 210 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 950 430 520 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 105 40 60 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 65 20 45 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 50 25 25 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 10 10 970 490 480
Ukrainian 120 65 55 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 75 75
Celtic languages 45 25 20 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 265 175 95
Germanic languages 2,675 1,470 1,205 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 20 10 10 415 260 150
Danish 45 25 25 835 410 420
Dutch 230 120 105 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 2,240 1,235 1,010 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 0 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 10 0 10 510 255 255
Swedish 125 70 50 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 760 265 495
Yiddish 35 30 10 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 270 125 140
Greek 330 180 150 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 2,800 1,380 1,420 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 1,755 880 880 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 1,105 530 575 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 75 35 35 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 345 165 175 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 10 10 10 150 70 75
Marathi 15 10 0 475 240 230
Nepali 10 10 10 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 165 100 65 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 20 10 10 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 0 15 1,335 625 710
Urdu 280 160 120 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 1,005 470 535 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 35 20 10 1,255 665 590
Pashto 15 10 10 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 980 455 530 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 30 10 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 19,030 9,790 9,235 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 125 80 40 890 525 365
Italian 2,480 1,365 1,115 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 2,290 1,320 970 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 410 180 235 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 15,530 7,885 7,640 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 490 345 145
Japanese 460 210 250 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 220 110 110
Georgian 0 10 0 215 105 110
Korean 215 120 95 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 0 0 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 925 525 400 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 35 15 15 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 85 35 50 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 15 10 10 190 95 95
Ewe 35 30 0 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 100 55 50 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 10 10 0 315 155 160
Ganda 0 0 0 90 40 55
Igbo 0 0 0 275 190 90
Lingala 210 115 95 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 30 10 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 0 10 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 95 60 40 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 125 75 50 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 25 20 10 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 215 120 90 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 10 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 695 345 350
Sign languages 170 90 85 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 25 10 15 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 115 50 65 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,695 1,635 2,060 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 3,665 1,620 2,050 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 1,480 655 825 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 20 10 15 545 240 310
Mandarin 2,305 1,020 1,280 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 135 45 95 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 50 25 30 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 240 95 145 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 20 10 430 235 195
Burmese 10 10 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 10 10 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 145 70 75 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 65 35 40 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 90 40 45 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 275 155 110 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 10 10 0 510 275 235
Turkish 260 150 110 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 0 0 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 115 120
Uralic languages 145 65 85 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 0 0 0 150 55 95
Finnish 10 15 0 500 195 305
Hungarian 140 55 85 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 45 25 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 108,285 57,670 50,610 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 88,310 46,960 41,345 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 11,030 5,615 5,415 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 77,280 41,345 35,935 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 19,975 10,715 9,260 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 108,285 57,670 50,610 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 71,945 38,315 33,630 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 26,245 14,050 12,195 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 3,455 1,920 1,530 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 2,635 1,370 1,265 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 4,495 2,340 2,155 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 7,950 4,235 3,710 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 3,200 1,665 1,535 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 4,750 2,575 2,175 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 7,710 4,180 3,530 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 10,095 5,305 4,790 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 26,245 14,050 12,195 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 1,840 905 940 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 3,065 1,695 1,375 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 4,270 2,220 2,050 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 15,380 8,480 6,905 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 1,680 755 925 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 26,245 14,050 12,195 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 5,115 2,785 2,325 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 375 205 175 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 615 340 280 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 195 100 95 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 15 10 10 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 500 275 225 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 35 20 15 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 785 425 365 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 220 95 115 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 50 20 30 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 765 475 285 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 1,555 825 730 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 10,850 5,900 4,955 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 60 40 20 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 40 20 20 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 7,130 4,055 3,070 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 200 100 105 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 100 55 45 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 50 25 25 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 10 820 485 330
Italy 270 155 110 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 80 45 35 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 240 130 110 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 610 315 295 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 335 145 195 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 350 130 220 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 60 10 45 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 85 45 40 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 285 155 135 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 940 465 475 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 3,790 2,170 1,620 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 840 485 355 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 160 100 55 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 50 35 10 995 495 495
Kenya 25 20 10 785 355 430
Morocco 935 535 405 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 25 15 10 1,340 740 600
Somalia 10 0 0 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 20 10 15 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 1,720 970 755 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 6,400 3,125 3,270 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 35 20 20 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 615 320 295 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,860 775 1,090 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 220 90 135 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 200 110 90 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 660 310 350 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 65 30 30 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 105 15 90 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 105 65 40 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 460 340 115 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 115 80 40 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 100 50 50 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 45 10 35 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 170 100 70 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 155 50 105 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 775 375 400 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 700 375 320 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 85 65 20 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 7,710 4,185 3,530 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 1,220 665 550 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 165 100 65 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 215 140 75 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 40 30 10 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 50 20 35 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 0 0 0 190 140 55
Mexico 240 110 135 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 220 135 85 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 55 30 30 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 230 115 120 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 3,920 2,190 1,730 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 3,225 1,845 1,380 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 50 15 30 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 25 10 10 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 30 15 15 2,945 1,260