Census Profile, 2016 Census
Pierrefonds--Dollard [Federal electoral district], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Pierrefonds--Dollard
Quebec
[Federal electoral district]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Pierrefonds--Dollard [Federal electoral district], Quebec  Map : Pierrefonds--Dollard [Federal electoral district], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 108,587 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 108,740 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -0.1 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 40,736 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 39,517 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,126.3 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 51.07 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 108,590 52,735 55,855 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 18,365 9,375 8,990 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 5,435 2,765 2,670 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 6,270 3,215 3,050 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 6,665 3,395 3,275 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 71,275 34,825 36,450 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 7,435 3,850 3,585 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 7,450 3,860 3,590 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 5,745 2,890 2,850 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 5,560 2,725 2,835 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 6,375 2,965 3,410 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 6,710 3,175 3,535 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 7,775 3,685 4,085 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 8,550 4,215 4,340 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 8,285 3,960 4,330 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 7,395 3,495 3,895 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 18,945 8,535 10,415 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 6,435 3,090 3,345 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 4,650 2,155 2,495 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 3,345 1,500 1,850 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 2,330 1,015 1,315 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 2,180 775 1,410 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 1,405 560 845 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 600 180 420 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 155 30 120 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 25 5 25 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 16.9 17.8 16.1 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 65.6 66.0 65.3 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 17.4 16.2 18.6 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.0 1.5 2.5 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 41.2 40.2 42.3 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 42.5 41.1 43.8 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 39,515 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 21,490 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,540 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 15,385 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,555 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 4,245 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 390 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 9,180 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 15 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 100 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 39,515 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 9,220 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 11,600 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 6,855 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 7,295 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,545 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 107,285 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.7 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 90,220 43,360 46,860 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 51,825 25,850 25,975 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 45,250 22,585 22,665 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 6,575 3,270 3,305 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 38,395 17,505 20,890 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 26,175 13,940 12,235 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 1,615 610 1,000 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 5,800 2,035 3,765 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 4,810 920 3,890 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 30,425 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 12,565 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 6,995 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 7,410 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,450 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 30,420 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 25,340 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 22,050 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,285 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,090 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 4,055 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 1,035 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 25,340 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 9,660 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 15,675 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 5,460 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 6,935 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 3,285 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,090 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 2,910 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 1,535 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 645 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 13,130 5,640 7,490 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 39,515 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 28,675 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,010 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 19,670 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 850 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 9,990 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 9,220 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 770 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 107,515 52,385 55,130 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 22,780 11,135 11,650 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 10,390 4,405 5,985 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 72,175 36,070 36,100 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 2,165 775 1,390 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 107,510 52,385 55,130 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 57,100 28,230 28,870 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 35,705 17,005 18,700 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 12,605 6,400 6,205 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 2,095 745 1,355 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 63,400 31,430 31,975 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 59.0 60.0 58.0 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 107,510 52,390 55,130 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 100,855 49,125 51,735 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 61,280 30,055 31,220 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 34,355 17,025 17,330 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 26,925 13,040 13,890 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 39,575 19,060 20,510 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 10 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 0 5 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 5 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 39,560 19,060 20,500 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,660 3,870 3,795 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 135 65 70 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 75 40 35 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 65 30 30 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 105 40 60 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 100 35 65 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 7,415 3,760 3,660 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 40 15 25 745 340 405
Arabic 6,950 3,525 3,425 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 5 0 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 415 215 200 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 10 5 5 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 630 305 325 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 100 45 55 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 525 255 270 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 1,970 790 1,175 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 5 5 5 115 35 80
Cebuano 30 15 15 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 410 125 275
Ilocano 160 50 105 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 5 0 5 1,250 590 660
Malay 50 20 30 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 30 15 15 205 90 110
Pangasinan 10 0 5 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,635 665 970 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 320 140 180
Creole languages 1,245 540 710 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 65 30 35 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 1,150 495 650 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 10 20 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 1,995 960 1,030 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 25 15 15 240 130 110
Malayalam 55 30 30 440 235 205
Tamil 1,885 905 980 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 25 15 10 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 22,235 10,770 11,465 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 60 30 35 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 870 415 460 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 3,910 1,810 2,100 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 45 15 30 850 335 515
Latvian 15 5 10 290 120 175
Lithuanian 30 5 20 555 215 340
Slavic languages 3,860 1,790 2,070 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 10 5 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 30 15 15 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 320 160 160 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 140 85 60 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 95 50 45 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 5 5 5 205 105 95
Polish 1,190 515 670 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 1,525 695 830 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 120 65 55 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 1,805 865 940
Slovak 85 40 50 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 25 30 755 350 405
Ukrainian 250 120 135 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 175 90 85
Celtic languages 5 0 5 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 55 30
Germanic languages 990 435 550 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 0 0 5 125 60 65
Danish 10 0 10 395 190 200
Dutch 145 70 75 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 715 305 410 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 5 0 5 200 100 100
Swedish 10 10 0 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 540 240 300
Yiddish 85 45 45 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 175 100 75
Greek 1,995 990 1,005 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 6,600 3,325 3,275 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 5,220 2,615 2,605 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 240 115 125 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 1,195 570 620 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 400 205 190 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 10 10 5 110 60 55
Marathi 20 15 10 255 145 110
Nepali 5 5 0 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,870 945 920 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 45 20 25 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 30 35 645 310 330
Urdu 1,360 695 670 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 1,365 700 660 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 15 5 10 985 550 430
Pashto 50 25 20 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 1,305 670 630 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 7,810 3,765 4,040 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 5 0 5 320 170 150
Italian 2,640 1,315 1,325 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 670 300 370 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 1,810 895 920 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 2,685 1,260 1,425 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 125 75 50
Japanese 65 30 40 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 5 5 0 170 80 85
Georgian 5 0 0 170 80 90
Korean 105 50 55 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 190 75 115
Mongolian 0 0 5 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 605 290 310 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 155 75 80 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 15 10 10 1,200 655 545
Edo 5 5 5 75 45 30
Ewe 15 5 5 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 30 25 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 5 0 5 80 40 40
Ganda 0 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 15 5 15 120 70 50
Lingala 55 20 35 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 15 25 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 5 10 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 0 0 0 85 45 40
Swahili 35 20 15 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 40 20 15 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 10 10 5 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 130 65 60 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 10 10 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 335 170 165
Sign languages 15 10 5 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 0 5 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,340 1,125 1,215 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 2,345 1,125 1,215 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 730 355 375 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 20 10 15 470 215 260
Mandarin 1,410 675 735 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 30 35 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 25 30 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 30 25 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 5 345 175 170
Burmese 0 0 0 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 85 40 50 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 70 35 35 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 15 0 10 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 180 90 90 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 25 15 10 290 160 130
Turkish 140 65 75 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 0 0 0 205 100 105
Uzbek 0 0 0 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 185 80 105
Uralic languages 375 165 210 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 20 5 10 195 75 120
Finnish 15 5 10 360 125 240
Hungarian 345 155 185 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 685 385 300
Multiple responses 6,655 3,265 3,395 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 2,110 1,075 1,040 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 2,085 1,015 1,075 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 1,475 700 775 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 980 475 505 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 107,515 52,385 55,125 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 95,770 46,755 49,010 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 74,070 36,335 37,735 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 47,215 23,335 23,880 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 26,855 13,000 13,855 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 21,700 10,420 11,280 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 21,700 10,425 11,280 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 4,035 1,985 2,055 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 50 25 25 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 25 20 15 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 50 20 30 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 50 15 35 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 3,930 1,935 1,995 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 5 0 5 340 150 185
Arabic 3,785 1,860 1,925 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 135 70 60 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 5 5 5 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 425 200 225 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 60 30 30 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 365 175 190 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 855 360 490 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 15 5 10 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 10 0 0 130 55 75
Ilocano 50 20 25 740 305 435
Malagasy 5 5 5 360 185 170
Malay 25 10 10 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 5 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 750 315 430 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 75 35 35
Creole languages 445 180 265 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 35 15 25 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 390 160 230 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 1,480 710 775 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 15 10 10 150 85 65
Malayalam 25 15 15 200 100 100
Tamil 1,415 675 740 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 20 10 10 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 12,145 5,865 6,285 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 45 20 25 1,615 795 820
Armenian 540 255 285 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 2,465 1,165 1,300 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 5 0 0 190 80 105
Latvian 5 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 0 0 0 115 40 70
Slavic languages 2,460 1,165 1,295 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 5 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 25 10 15 965 475 495
Bulgarian 280 140 140 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 55 25 30 1,015 475 545
Czech 45 25 20 460 220 240
Macedonian 10 5 0 130 65 65
Polish 665 300 365 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 1,190 560 630 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 55 30 30 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 960 470 490
Slovak 25 5 15 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 225 95 135
Ukrainian 85 45 45 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 120 45 70 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 15 10 5 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 100 40 60 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 5 0 0 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 740 365 380 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 4,365 2,150 2,220 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 3,375 1,645 1,730 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 155 75 85 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 745 360 390 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 205 105 105 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 5 5 30 15 15
Marathi 10 0 5 80 40 40
Nepali 5 5 5 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,340 650 685 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 5 0 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 20 365 185 180
Urdu 875 440 430 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 985 495 495 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 5 5 0 510 280 235
Pashto 25 15 10 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 955 470 480 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 3,870 1,860 2,010 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 0 0 0 110 50 60
Italian 405 185 215 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 325 145 180 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 1,380 690 690 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 1,755 840 920 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 35 20 15
Japanese 30 15 20 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 70 35 35 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 150 65 85 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 60 25 30 445 215 235
Bamanankan 0 0 5 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 10 5 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 5 15 10 10
Lingala 10 5 5 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 5 15 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 5 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 5 5 5 1,100 535 565
Wolof 10 5 5 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 130 65 65
Sign languages 40 20 15 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 5 5 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 5 0 0 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 10 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,765 870 895 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 1,765 870 895 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 455 220 240 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 0 0 0 155 75 80
Mandarin 1,195 595 600 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 15 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 20 20 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 35 20 15 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 5 215 115 100
Burmese 0 0 0 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 50 25 25 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 45 25 25 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 5 0 0 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 90 40 50 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 100 50 55
Turkish 80 35 45 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 0 0 0 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 65 30 35
Uralic languages 105 45 60 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 5 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 0 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 95 40 55 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 150 90 60
Multiple responses 11,745 5,630 6,115 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 2,620 1,280 1,340 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 4,520 2,190 2,330 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 2,355 1,065 1,295 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 2,245 1,100 1,145 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 107,510 52,385 55,130 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 71,505 34,870 36,635 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 11,205 5,555 5,650 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 9,765 4,790 4,975 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 10,970 5,250 5,725 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 10 5 5 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 10,965 5,245 5,725 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 2,120 1,025 1,095 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 740 345 395 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 1,145 525 615 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 65 30 40 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 88,950 42,950 46,000 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 84,435 40,775 43,655 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,096 36,320 28,954 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 84,455 40,785 43,670 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,933 32,063 26,494 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 75,160 37,140 38,020 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,701 35,075 25,312 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,330 28,670 35,655 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,617 3,517 7,393 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,735 31,580 30,155 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,771 34,846 27,631 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 88,940 42,975 45,965 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 84,255 40,650 43,610 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 45,519 53,370 38,201 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 84,295 40,660 43,635 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,525 41,508 31,881 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,920 36,940 37,980 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,327 53,336 35,565 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,105 28,470 35,635 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,021 6,990 8,845 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,655 31,435 30,220 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,109 51,343 36,585 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 88,935 42,970 45,965 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 28,445 15,710 12,740 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 49,866 54,996 45,248 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 63,613 71,285 54,151 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.5 90.9 80.8 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.0 74.5 66.4 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.5 9.1 19.2 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 88,950 42,950 46,005 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 4,515 2,175 2,345 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 84,435 40,780 43,655 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 94.9 94.9 94.9 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,820 5,970 6,850 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 15,305 6,415 8,885 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 11,875 5,135 6,745 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 10,140 4,540 5,600 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 8,765 4,115 4,645 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 6,345 3,120 3,220 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 4,600 2,300 2,295 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 3,610 1,910 1,700 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 2,675 1,515 1,160 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 1,790 1,115 675 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 6,525 4,640 1,880 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 4,105 2,810 1,300 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 2,420 1,835 580 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 88,955 42,950 46,000 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 4,500 2,165 2,330 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 84,455 40,785 43,670 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 94.9 95.0 94.9 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,270 6,085 7,185 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 16,005 6,775 9,230 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 14,335 6,275 8,060 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 12,770 5,870 6,905 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 9,495 4,650 4,840 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 6,150 3,140 3,010 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 4,180 2,330 1,855 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 2,570 1,595 975 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 5,675 4,070 1,605 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 1,590 1,055 540 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 1,115 795 315 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 2,970 2,220 750 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 88,950 42,950 46,000 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 27,215 11,370 15,845 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 61,735 31,580 30,155 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 69.4 73.5 65.6 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,430 4,220 4,215 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 5,215 2,435 2,785 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 9,035 4,135 4,900 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 7,595 3,460 4,135 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 6,855 3,205 3,650 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 5,725 2,785 2,940 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 4,410 2,265 2,145 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 3,235 1,715 1,520 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 2,815 1,515 1,295 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 8,425 5,850 2,575 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 1,945 1,180 765 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 1,355 905 450 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 5,120 3,765 1,360 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 39,520 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 74,336 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 64,154 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 9,220 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,294 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 31,178 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,295 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,221 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,956 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 39,540 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 96,990 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 77,860 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,195 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,356 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,928 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,345 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 112,642 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,268 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 39,520 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 460 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 365 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 750 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,305 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,450 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,455 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,495 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,595 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,635 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,680 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,385 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,040 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,615 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,375 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,250 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,670 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,385 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,080 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,190 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 3,015 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 39,520 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 495 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 380 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 755 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,385 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,650 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,695 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,870 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,945 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,045 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,045 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,005 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,435 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,105 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,725 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,340 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,630 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,150 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,290 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,190 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 29,870 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,268 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 76,936 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 8,735 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 77,649 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,048 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 15,710 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 109,630 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 92,707 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,715 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,322 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,108 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 29,880 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 112,847 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,352 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 8,645 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 105,267 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,045 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 15,735 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 131,316 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,181 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,750 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,909 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,506 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 10,725 4,770 5,955 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,877 34,372 31,973 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,510 30,656 28,873 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 10,725 4,690 6,035 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,201 45,703 41,255 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,345 36,318 34,588 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 107,285 52,320 54,965 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 55,035 26,255 28,775 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 7,585 3,710 3,880 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 10,220 4,730 5,495 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 12,615 6,005 6,605 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 12,550 5,980 6,570 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 12,060 5,830 6,230 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 52,250 26,065 26,190 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 11,785 5,745 6,035 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 11,275 5,575 5,700 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 10,470 5,270 5,205 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 9,465 4,780 4,675 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 9,260 4,690 4,565 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 107,290 52,320 54,965 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 22,665 11,600 11,070 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 6,570 3,365 3,205 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 66,750 32,485 34,265 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 17,870 8,240 9,635 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 12,540 5,880 6,660 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 3,130 1,610 1,515 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 945 480 465 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 7,080 3,395 3,680 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 2,335 875 1,465 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.7 11.2 12.1 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 13.8 13.9 13.7 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 14.4 14.3 14.5 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 10.6 10.5 10.7 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 13.1 10.6 15.2 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 9,110 4,350 4,755 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 2,240 1,150 1,085 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 660 335 325 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 5,495 2,735 2,765 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 1,370 465 905 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 8.5 8.3 8.7 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 9.9 9.9 9.8 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 10.0 10.0 10.1 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 8.4 8.1 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 7.7 5.6 9.4 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 107,285 52,305 54,980 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 105,145 51,510 53,635 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 94,900 47,050 47,840 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 82,405 40,305 42,100 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 54,415 25,810 28,615 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 25 10 15 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 0 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 20 0 20 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 20 10 20 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 54,400 25,805 28,595 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,465 6,270 6,200 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 215 135 85 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 115 65 45 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 100 60 35 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 120 40 85 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 120 40 80 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 12,230 6,160 6,065 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 60 25 40 1,145 540 600
Arabic 10,450 5,320 5,125 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,795 860 940 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 10 0 10 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 765 380 390 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 130 45 90 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 635 340 300 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 3,035 1,235 1,795 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 15 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 60 30 30 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 20 10 0 540 195 350
Ilocano 255 85 175 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 10 0 10 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 90 40 50 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 10 195 95 100
Pangasinan 10 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,820 1,155 1,665 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 80 30 50 540 270 275
Creole languages 2,740 1,155 1,585 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 120 35 80 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 2,495 1,065 1,425 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 130 50 80 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 2,300 1,070 1,230 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 15 0 15 415 210 205
Malayalam 30 15 15 510 285 220
Tamil 2,255 1,050 1,205 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 35 15 15 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 30,230 14,345 15,880 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 140 60 80 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 1,305 625 680 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 4,545 2,085 2,460 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 60 30 30 1,080 500 585
Latvian 20 10 10 335 150 185
Lithuanian 40 20 20 755 350 410
Slavic languages 4,485 2,055 2,435 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 15 0 10 365 150 215
Bosnian 10 10 10 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 350 150 205 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 190 105 85 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 145 60 85 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 10 0 0 285 140 145
Polish 1,335 590 745 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 2,080 970 1,110 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 110 60 50 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 50 20 30 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 115 50 70 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 35 45 970 490 480
Ukrainian 475 235 245 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 150 75 75
Celtic languages 25 15 10 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 15 0 10 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0 265 175 95
Germanic languages 1,825 820 1,005 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 10 0 0 415 260 150
Danish 10 10 10 835 410 420
Dutch 265 125 140 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 1,340 615 725 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 0 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 10 10 0 510 255 255
Swedish 20 15 0 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 20 0 10 760 265 495
Yiddish 215 90 125 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 270 125 140
Greek 2,705 1,325 1,380 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 8,125 4,090 4,035 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 6,710 3,365 3,345 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 215 100 125 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 1,585 770 815 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 2,015 1,020 1,000 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 40 15 25 150 70 75
Marathi 20 0 15 475 240 230
Nepali 0 0 0 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,525 1,290 1,235 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 85 40 45 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 105 55 55 1,335 625 710
Urdu 2,120 1,100 1,020 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 1,465 750 710 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 10 0 0 1,255 665 590
Pashto 55 35 20 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 1,420 730 695 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 30 15 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 12,795 5,915 6,880 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 0 0 0 890 525 365
Italian 4,515 2,180 2,340 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 835 375 460 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 2,115 1,060 1,050 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 6,135 2,650 3,485 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 15 0 490 345 145
Japanese 120 45 70 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 10 10 0 220 110 110
Georgian 10 0 0 215 105 110
Korean 185 90 95 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 0 0 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 1,205 570 630 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 270 135 135 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 0 10 0 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 10 0 10 190 95 95
Ewe 30 15 15 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 150 95 60 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 65 40 25 315 155 160
Ganda 0 10 0 90 40 55
Igbo 20 10 15 275 190 90
Lingala 180 75 105 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 20 30 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 20 15 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 110 55 60 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 75 30 40 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 45 30 15 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 315 145 170 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 75 40 30 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 70 40 30 695 345 350
Sign languages 55 35 25 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 20 15 10 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,600 1,275 1,320 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 2,590 1,280 1,320 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 935 455 480 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 55 20 30 545 240 310
Mandarin 1,800 875 930 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 10 35 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 10 0 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 75 40 40 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 430 235 195
Burmese 0 0 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 155 65 85 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 140 70 75 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 25 10 25 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 455 225 230 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 40 15 25 510 275 235
Turkish 385 185 195 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 0 0 0 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 235 115 120
Uralic languages 455 200 250 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 0 0 0 150 55 95
Finnish 15 10 10 500 195 305
Hungarian 440 190 245 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 25 30 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 107,285 52,300 54,980 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 99,465 48,665 50,800 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,205 10,810 10,390 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 78,260 37,850 40,410 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 7,815 3,635 4,180 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 107,280 52,305 54,980 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 65,435 32,425 33,010 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 41,015 19,510 21,515 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 11,565 5,630 5,935 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 6,485 3,135 3,350 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 8,530 4,055 4,480 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 9,830 4,495 5,335 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 4,725 2,140 2,585 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 5,105 2,350 2,755 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,610 2,190 2,415 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 825 370 455 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 41,020 19,505 21,510 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 3,985 1,995 1,990 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 6,730 3,390 3,335 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 8,820 4,000 4,820 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 18,160 8,695 9,465 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 3,325 1,425 1,900 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 41,020 19,505 21,515 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 6,810 2,925 3,885 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 155 45 105 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 375 190 180 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 215 105 105 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 400 145 250 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 1,815 775 1,045 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 500 215 285 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 205 80 125 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 400 170 225 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 480 205 270 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 740 385 350 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 1,525 595 930 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 9,870 4,755 5,115 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 15 15 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 135 80 55 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 745 370 370 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 545 210 335 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 840 405 435 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 225 115 115 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 50 25 25 820 485 330
Italy 1,215 630 585 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 140 65 75 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 845 375 475 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 270 130 145 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 1,540 765 775 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 575 255 320 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 60 30 35 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 385 175 205 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 785 415 370 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 1,480 690 790 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 7,155 3,485 3,665 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 730 415 315 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 2,405 1,205 1,200 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 40 25 20 995 495 495
Kenya 100 50 55 785 355 430
Morocco 1,245 580 665 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 145 80 75 1,340 740 600
Somalia 95 30 65 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 35 15 15 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 2,360 1,095 1,260 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 17,160 8,320 8,835 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 195 85 110 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 155 60 90 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,305 605 695 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 285 135 150 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 2,950 1,435 1,510 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 945 485 455 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 200 95 105 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 35 15 20 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 140 60 75 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 2,130 1,115 1,010 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 1,240 655 585 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 2,515 1,040 1,470 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 1,360 655 705 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 725 365 360 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 60 35 25 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 465 245 220 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 2,460 1,230 1,230 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 25 15 10 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,610 2,195 2,415 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 790 380 415 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 10 0 10 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 80 45 35 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 15 10 10 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 380 155 235 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 10 0 0 190 140 55
Mexico 30 15 20 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 125 80 50 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 0 0 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 130 60 65 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 580 280 295 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 85 45 40 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 0 0 0 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 35 10 20 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 180 90 90 2,945