Census Profile, 2016 Census
Saint-Laurent [Federal electoral district], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saint-Laurent
Quebec
[Federal electoral district]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Saint-Laurent [Federal electoral district], Quebec  Map : Saint-Laurent [Federal electoral district], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 98,828 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 93,842 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 5.3 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 39,771 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 37,378 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,300.6 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 42.96 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 98,830 47,805 51,020 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 19,775 10,190 9,585 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 6,995 3,650 3,340 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 6,900 3,525 3,380 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 5,875 3,015 2,865 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 63,240 31,005 32,240 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 5,695 2,915 2,775 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 5,935 2,985 2,950 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 5,970 2,870 3,095 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 7,040 3,295 3,745 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 7,515 3,625 3,890 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 7,345 3,620 3,725 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 6,990 3,505 3,480 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 6,355 3,205 3,150 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 5,670 2,770 2,900 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 4,730 2,215 2,515 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 15,815 6,610 9,200 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 4,405 1,970 2,430 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 3,410 1,490 1,915 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 2,960 1,265 1,695 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 2,385 955 1,435 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 2,650 930 1,720 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 1,700 635 1,060 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 735 245 485 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 195 40 155 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 30 5 25 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 20.0 21.3 18.8 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 64.0 64.9 63.2 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 16.0 13.8 18.0 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.7 1.9 3.4 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 39.0 37.6 40.3 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 38.3 37.2 39.3 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 37,375 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 4,050 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 11,060 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 22,215 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 2,235 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 3,230 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,900 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 13,805 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 35 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 50 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 37,375 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 10,550 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 10,180 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 6,235 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 6,325 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,090 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 97,395 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 79,055 37,615 41,440 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 44,380 22,155 22,220 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 39,285 19,590 19,695 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 5,090 2,565 2,530 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 34,675 15,460 19,215 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 23,270 12,290 10,980 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 1,580 605 980 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 5,365 1,860 3,510 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 4,460 710 3,750 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 26,215 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 10,350 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 6,235 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 6,365 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,265 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 26,215 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 21,415 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 18,870 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,540 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,800 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 3,995 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 805 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 21,415 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 7,510 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 13,900 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 4,860 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 5,915 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 3,120 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,805 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 2,840 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 1,370 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 595 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 15,060 6,875 8,185 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 37,380 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 24,925 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,050 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 17,875 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 630 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,825 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 10,550 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,275 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 98,355 47,680 50,670 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 15,785 7,770 8,015 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 19,645 8,645 10,995 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 58,290 29,350 28,940 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 4,635 1,915 2,720 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 98,355 47,680 50,670 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 32,250 16,020 16,235 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 45,850 21,840 24,010 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 15,710 7,960 7,750 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 4,540 1,865 2,675 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 40,110 20,000 20,110 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 40.8 41.9 39.7 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 98,350 47,680 50,670 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 91,615 44,320 47,300 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 40,310 19,640 20,670 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 13,355 6,625 6,730 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 26,950 13,015 13,940 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 51,305 24,680 26,630 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 15 5 10 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 5 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 5 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 5 5 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 51,290 24,680 26,615 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 15,770 8,000 7,770 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 475 255 220 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 265 135 125 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 215 120 95 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 55 25 25 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 50 30 25 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 15,230 7,710 7,520 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 35 15 20 745 340 405
Arabic 14,675 7,425 7,255 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 480 250 225 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 20 5 10 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 2,465 1,130 1,335 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 600 275 325 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 1,860 850 1,010 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 1,005 370 630 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 5 5 5 115 35 80
Cebuano 25 10 15 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 20 5 15 410 125 275
Ilocano 115 45 70 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 50 20 25 1,250 590 660
Malay 25 10 15 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 205 90 110
Pangasinan 5 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 740 270 465 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 15 320 140 180
Creole languages 1,060 430 625 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 40 20 25 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 920 365 560 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 95 50 50 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 1,795 880 915 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 55 30 20 240 130 110
Malayalam 25 10 15 440 235 205
Tamil 1,625 790 835 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 95 45 45 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 19,590 9,280 10,315 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 155 90 70 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 1,870 860 1,015 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 2,445 1,045 1,395 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 25 5 15 850 335 515
Latvian 5 5 5 290 120 175
Lithuanian 20 5 15 555 215 340
Slavic languages 2,420 1,040 1,385 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 0 5 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 5 0 5 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 315 140 175 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 95 50 50 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 35 20 25 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 20 5 10 205 105 95
Polish 445 200 250 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 1,140 485 655 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 135 60 70 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 30 10 20 1,805 865 940
Slovak 60 20 35 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10 755 350 405
Ukrainian 120 45 75 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 85
Celtic languages 0 0 0 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 55 30
Germanic languages 445 210 240 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 5 5 0 125 60 65
Danish 15 0 10 395 190 200
Dutch 35 20 15 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 215 100 115 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 5 0 0 200 100 100
Swedish 10 10 5 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 5 540 240 300
Yiddish 165 75 90 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 100 75
Greek 3,225 1,555 1,675 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 4,285 2,150 2,135 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 2,800 1,400 1,400 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 340 160 180 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 590 290 295 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 200 105 105 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 5 5 0 20 15 5
Konkani 10 5 5 110 60 55
Marathi 35 20 15 255 145 110
Nepali 15 5 10 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 460 245 220 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 25 5 20 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 25 35 645 310 330
Urdu 1,060 535 530 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 1,445 730 715 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 45 25 25 985 550 430
Pashto 235 125 110 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 1,165 585 580 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 40 20 15 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 7,165 3,380 3,785 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 10 0 5 320 170 150
Italian 1,685 810 875 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 500 240 260 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 1,800 845 955 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 3,170 1,480 1,685 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 125 75 50
Japanese 55 20 35 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 170 80 85
Georgian 10 0 10 170 80 90
Korean 135 60 75 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 10 5 5 190 75 115
Mongolian 10 5 5 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 1,225 585 640 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 75 30 45 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 60 35 30 1,200 655 545
Edo 5 5 0 75 45 30
Ewe 20 10 10 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 80 35 40 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 0 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 5 5 0 120 70 50
Lingala 75 40 35 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 150 65 85 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 90 45 45 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 5 5 0 85 45 40
Swahili 70 25 40 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 100 55 45 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 15 5 5 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 485 225 260 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 5 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 335 170 165
Sign languages 15 15 0 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 5 0 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 0 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,515 3,585 3,930 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 7,485 3,575 3,910 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 3,120 1,525 1,595 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 70 30 40 470 215 260
Mandarin 3,550 1,690 1,860 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 5 5 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 430 190 235 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 35 50 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 225 100 125 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 35 10 20 345 175 170
Burmese 20 5 15 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 5 0 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 130 60 65 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 115 55 60 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 15 5 10 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 5 10 5 10
Turkic languages 250 135 125 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 20 10 10 290 160 130
Turkish 200 110 90 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 15 0 10 205 100 105
Uzbek 10 5 5 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 185 80 105
Uralic languages 235 110 125 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 5 0 5 195 75 120
Finnish 5 0 5 360 125 240
Hungarian 230 105 125 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 685 385 300
Multiple responses 6,740 3,365 3,375 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 1,385 715 670 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 1,495 745 750 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 2,855 1,390 1,465 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 1,005 510 490 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 98,355 47,685 50,670 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 85,095 41,225 43,875 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 52,910 25,845 27,065 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 21,535 10,700 10,830 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 31,375 15,150 16,230 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 32,185 15,380 16,805 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 5 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 32,180 15,380 16,800 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,085 4,495 4,590 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 180 95 85 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 120 65 60 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 30 10 20 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 30 10 20 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 8,870 4,385 4,485 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 15 5 5 340 150 185
Arabic 8,625 4,255 4,365 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 215 115 105 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 10 5 5 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,755 795 955 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 375 165 205 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 1,380 630 750 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 445 195 250 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 5 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 5 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 130 55 75
Ilocano 40 20 25 740 305 435
Malagasy 10 0 5 360 185 170
Malay 10 5 5 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 380 165 215 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Creole languages 435 185 250 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 15 10 10 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 365 150 215 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 50 25 25 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 1,425 700 725 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 35 25 15 150 85 65
Malayalam 10 0 10 200 100 100
Tamil 1,310 640 670 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 60 25 35 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 11,990 5,625 6,360 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 115 55 55 1,615 795 820
Armenian 1,420 630 785 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 1,585 715 870 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 5 5 5 190 80 105
Latvian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 5 0 5 115 40 70
Slavic languages 1,580 715 870 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 0 0 0 965 475 495
Bulgarian 250 120 135 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 65 30 35 1,015 475 545
Czech 15 5 5 460 220 240
Macedonian 10 5 10 130 65 65
Polish 215 90 125 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 835 380 450 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 95 45 50 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10 960 470 490
Slovak 15 5 5 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 5 225 95 135
Ukrainian 55 25 30 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 60 25 35 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 5 0 5 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 40 15 20 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 5 0 5 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 10 0 5 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 1,585 725 855 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 2,990 1,465 1,525 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 1,860 910 950 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 250 115 130 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 390 195 195 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 115 55 70 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 30 15 15
Marathi 15 10 5 80 40 40
Nepali 5 0 5 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 290 145 140 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 10 5 5 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 10 20 365 185 180
Urdu 745 370 375 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 1,105 550 555 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 35 15 15 510 280 235
Pashto 180 95 85 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 890 430 455 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 4,240 2,000 2,240 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 0 0 0 110 50 60
Italian 340 150 190 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 290 150 135 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 1,335 625 705 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 2,275 1,070 1,205 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 30 15 20 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 110 50 60 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 5 5 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 5 5 5 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 355 165 195 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 50 15 35 445 215 235
Bamanankan 20 5 15 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 0 0 5 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 30 10 15 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 25 15 10 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 25 25 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 40 20 25 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 20 10 10 1,100 535 565
Wolof 20 10 10 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 45 50 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 65 65
Sign languages 15 15 0 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 5 0 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 15 0 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 6,235 2,990 3,245 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 6,215 2,985 3,235 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 2,465 1,200 1,270 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 40 15 20 155 75 80
Mandarin 3,200 1,545 1,655 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 265 115 155 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 60 25 35 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 180 80 105 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 215 115 100
Burmese 10 5 10 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 5 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 55 30 30 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 55 25 25 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 0 0 0 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 170 85 80 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 100 50 55
Turkish 130 75 60 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 10 5 5 140 75 70
Uzbek 5 5 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 65 30 35
Uralic languages 65 25 40 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 0 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 65 25 35 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 90 60
Multiple responses 13,260 6,455 6,800 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 2,105 1,080 1,020 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 3,275 1,600 1,675 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 5,510 2,640 2,875 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 2,365 1,135 1,230 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 98,355 47,680 50,670 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 61,535 29,565 31,970 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 9,650 4,860 4,790 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 10,190 4,960 5,225 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 12,690 6,165 6,525 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 5 0 5 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 12,685 6,165 6,525 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 2,260 1,140 1,120 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 1,010 495 520 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 920 450 475 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 95 45 50 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 77,635 37,235 40,395 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 73,500 35,375 38,125 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,107 29,714 25,035 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 73,505 35,375 38,125 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,426 27,413 23,840 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,200 30,915 31,285 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,858 29,997 21,946 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,755 27,115 32,640 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,407 2,991 8,254 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 50,000 26,150 23,850 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,045 30,876 25,033 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 77,635 37,285 40,355 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 73,460 35,470 37,990 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,079 46,207 36,292 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 73,460 35,470 37,990 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,545 36,827 30,482 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,910 30,930 30,980 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,051 47,465 34,648 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,790 27,150 32,640 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,964 6,294 9,354 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 50,005 26,405 23,600 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,107 47,017 36,614 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 77,635 37,280 40,350 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 21,495 12,310 9,190 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 48,351 50,871 45,503 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 62,484 66,878 56,597 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.3 89.8 77.7 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.5 75.4 62.5 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.7 10.3 22.3 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 77,635 37,235 40,400 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 4,135 1,860 2,270 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 73,505 35,375 38,125 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 94.7 95.0 94.4 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,350 6,385 6,965 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 15,040 6,430 8,610 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 11,175 5,015 6,165 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 8,445 4,005 4,440 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 6,550 3,090 3,460 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 4,600 2,180 2,420 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 3,240 1,635 1,600 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 2,520 1,345 1,175 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 1,940 1,025 920 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 1,375 815 560 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 5,265 3,450 1,815 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 3,290 2,060 1,225 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 1,970 1,385 590 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 77,635 37,240 40,400 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 4,130 1,860 2,270 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 73,500 35,380 38,130 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 94.7 95.0 94.4 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,550 6,455 7,095 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 15,655 6,740 8,920 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 12,995 5,960 7,030 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 10,220 4,890 5,325 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 7,060 3,310 3,745 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 4,375 2,210 2,165 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 3,105 1,640 1,465 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 1,935 1,150 785 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 4,610 3,020 1,590 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 1,345 835 505 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 845 530 315 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 2,425 1,660 765 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 77,635 37,235 40,400 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 27,635 11,090 16,550 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 50,005 26,150 23,850 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 64.4 70.2 59.0 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,430 3,505 3,925 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 4,490 2,095 2,395 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 7,780 3,885 3,895 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 6,515 3,295 3,220 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 5,490 2,850 2,640 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 4,335 2,245 2,085 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 3,010 1,575 1,435 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 2,255 1,250 1,005 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 2,060 1,130 930 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 6,640 4,320 2,320 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 1,480 880 605 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 1,035 660 375 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 4,115 2,780 1,340 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 37,380 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 58,130 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 52,029 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,550 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,719 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,240 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 26,830 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,961 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 62,764 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 37,375 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 80,737 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,930 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,520 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,585 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,751 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 26,855 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 94,115 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,969 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 37,375 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,030 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 615 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,010 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,870 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,760 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,855 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,935 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,850 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,960 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,835 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,605 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,915 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,400 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,995 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,650 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,095 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,885 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,880 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,065 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,270 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 37,380 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,060 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 625 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,030 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,960 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,935 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,130 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,315 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,210 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,310 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,235 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,005 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,200 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,510 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,980 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,540 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,335 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,525 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,455 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,350 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 26,150 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,147 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 62,860 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,870 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 66,499 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 58,011 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,900 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 80,979 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 72,683 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,530 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,004 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,939 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 26,210 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 94,586 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,248 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,860 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 85,661 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 69,334 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,960 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,666 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,780 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,555 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,607 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,440 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 12,520 5,805 6,710 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,826 32,197 29,843 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,089 28,814 27,575 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 12,395 5,695 6,700 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 43,443 45,416 41,767 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,457 36,527 34,549 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 97,395 47,420 49,975 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 62,820 30,185 32,635 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 13,685 6,630 7,055 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 14,260 6,750 7,515 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 14,345 6,895 7,455 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 11,515 5,550 5,970 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 9,005 4,360 4,645 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 34,575 17,235 17,340 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 7,765 3,850 3,905 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 6,840 3,400 3,445 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 6,510 3,220 3,295 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 6,245 3,130 3,115 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 7,220 3,635 3,580 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 97,395 47,420 49,975 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 23,110 11,870 11,240 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 8,305 4,340 3,965 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 59,705 29,215 30,490 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 14,580 6,340 8,240 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 21,215 10,060 11,155 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 5,880 3,025 2,850 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 2,050 1,055 995 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 12,195 5,825 6,365 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 3,145 1,215 1,935 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 21.8 21.2 22.3 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 25.4 25.5 25.4 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 24.7 24.3 25.1 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 20.4 19.9 20.9 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 21.6 19.2 23.5 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 16,015 7,695 8,320 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 4,470 2,300 2,170 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 1,535 795 740 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 9,725 4,765 4,955 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 1,825 630 1,195 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 16.4 16.2 16.6 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 19.3 19.4 19.3 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 18.5 18.3 18.7 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 16.3 16.3 16.3 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 12.5 9.9 14.5 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 97,395 47,415 49,975 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 92,650 45,545 47,100 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 73,510 36,960 36,545 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 77,040 37,685 39,360 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 68,175 33,000 35,175 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 15 0 0 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 0 10 10 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 10 10 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 0 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 0 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 10 10 0 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 68,160 32,995 35,170 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 23,865 11,895 11,975 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 685 340 345 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 375 195 175 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 315 150 165 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 90 50 40 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 90 55 40 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 23,485 11,695 11,790 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 80 35 45 1,145 540 600
Arabic 21,795 10,815 10,980 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 1,760 925 840 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 10 0 10 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 70 35 35 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,100 1,455 1,640 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 775 355 420 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 2,355 1,120 1,245 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 1,495 640 855 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 10 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 40 20 25 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 540 195 350
Ilocano 120 40 75 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 75 40 40 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 30 0 25 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 15 10 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,350 595 760 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 540 270 275
Creole languages 2,110 935 1,170 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 100 40 65 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 1,865 835 1,035 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 150 75 75 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 2,270 1,125 1,140 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 70 25 40 415 210 205
Malayalam 25 15 15 510 285 220
Tamil 2,010 1,000 1,010 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 225 125 100 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 26,890 12,705 14,185 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 195 90 105 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 2,135 945 1,190 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 3,415 1,585 1,825 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 20 10 10 1,080 500 585
Latvian 0 0 0 335 150 185
Lithuanian 25 15 10 755 350 410
Slavic languages 3,395 1,575 1,820 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 0 0 10 365 150 215
Bosnian 0 0 10 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 280 130 150 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 125 55 70 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 30 15 10 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 25 0 20 285 140 145
Polish 550 245 305 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 2,210 1,050 1,165 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 165 70 95 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 65 20 35 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 20 20 10 970 490 480
Ukrainian 230 105 130 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 75 75
Celtic languages 0 0 0 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 175 95
Germanic languages 995 510 485 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 10 0 0 415 260 150
Danish 15 0 10 835 410 420
Dutch 65 50 10 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 670 350 320 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 0 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 0 0 0 510 255 255
Swedish 15 10 0 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 10 760 265 495
Yiddish 230 95 135 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 270 125 140
Greek 3,985 1,900 2,085 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 5,695 2,860 2,830 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 3,910 1,950 1,960 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 510 260 250 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 675 325 350 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 1,075 530 540 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 10 0 45 35 15
Konkani 10 10 0 150 70 75
Marathi 40 20 20 475 240 230
Nepali 0 0 0 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 875 450 425 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 20 10 10 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 120 60 55 1,335 625 710
Urdu 1,650 835 815 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 1,930 995 930 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 55 35 15 1,255 665 590
Pashto 355 180 175 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 1,525 785 740 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 95 60 30 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 12,045 5,585 6,460 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 0 0 0 890 525 365
Italian 3,210 1,515 1,695 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 695 350 345 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 2,230 1,055 1,180 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 6,525 2,970 3,555 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 490 345 145
Japanese 150 85 65 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 220 110 110
Georgian 15 10 10 215 105 110
Korean 245 120 125 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 25 15 10 270 135 130
Mongolian 25 15 10 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 2,495 1,190 1,300 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 175 70 100 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 105 45 60 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 10 0 0 190 95 95
Ewe 40 25 15 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 180 90 90 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 15 0 10 315 155 160
Ganda 0 0 0 90 40 55
Igbo 10 10 0 275 190 90
Lingala 355 155 195 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 145 85 60 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 125 70 55 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 10 10 0 150 75 80
Swahili 325 185 135 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 195 80 115 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 45 30 20 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 1,110 515 600 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 0 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 695 345 350
Sign languages 30 10 20 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 0 10 0 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 0 20 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,290 4,115 4,180 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 8,275 4,105 4,165 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 3,805 1,945 1,865 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 65 25 40 545 240 310
Mandarin 4,845 2,340 2,505 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 430 220 210 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 150 70 80 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 340 140 200 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 15 15 430 235 195
Burmese 20 0 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 225 125 95 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 175 100 80 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 80 45 35 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 520 245 275 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 40 25 15 510 275 235
Turkish 465 230 240 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 10 10 10 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 10 30 235 115 120
Uralic languages 235 110 125 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 0 0 0 150 55 95
Finnish 0 0 0 500 195 305
Hungarian 235 105 130 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 30 25 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 97,395 47,420 49,975 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 80,420 39,290 41,125 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,385 9,955 9,430 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 61,025 29,335 31,695 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 16,980 8,130 8,850 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 97,395 47,420 49,975 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 42,930 21,440 21,490 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 52,175 24,815 27,365 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 9,790 4,550 5,240 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 6,660 3,245 3,410 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 8,985 4,180 4,805 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 15,065 7,190 7,875 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 6,385 3,095 3,290 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 8,680 4,100 4,580 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,685 5,645 6,040 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,290 1,170 1,120 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 52,180 24,815 27,360 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 4,695 2,445 2,245 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 8,120 4,015 4,100 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 9,970 4,510 5,465 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 24,875 11,760 13,115 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 4,520 2,080 2,440 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 52,180 24,815 27,365 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 5,400 2,345 3,055 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 180 65 120 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 630 290 335 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 255 120 135 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 140 40 100 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 1,270 540 725 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 225 105 120 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 520 200 320 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 270 105 160 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 155 65 95 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 545 265 280 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 1,200 545 665 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 8,190 3,790 4,405 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 35 10 25 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 55 35 25 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 915 445 475 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 155 75 80 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 1,560 755 800 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 155 80 75 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 10 820 485 330
Italy 730 335 395 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 10 10 0 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 390 145 245 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 135 50 85 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 1,210 555 660 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 460 210 250 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 75 35 45 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 295 140 150 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 225 85 140 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 1,775 840 935 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 13,965 6,800 7,160 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 1,765 865 900 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 2,050 880 1,170 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 95 40 55 995 495 495
Kenya 25 15 15 785 355 430
Morocco 4,175 2,080 2,100 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 30 25 10 1,340 740 600
Somalia 20 10 10 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 25 15 15 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 5,775 2,880 2,900 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 24,605 11,870 12,740 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 495 255 235 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 335 165 175 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 4,335 2,020 2,310 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 490 255 235 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 1,025 490 535 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 700 350 345 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 400 200 205 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 60 25 35 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 160 65 95 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 5,080 2,515 2,560 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 1,035 525 510 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 1,165 475 685 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 1,250 605 645 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 3,095 1,525 1,565 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 235 105 130 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 1,715 800 920 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 3,045 1,490 1,555 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 15 0 10 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,685 5,645 6,035 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 1,395 625 765 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 80 30 50 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 320 155 165 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 40 20 25 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 425 210 220 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 10 0 0 190 140 55
Mexico 190 90 110 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 120 50 70 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 65 35 30 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 140 40 100 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 1,180 575 605 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 165 85 80 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 0 0 0 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 520 260 265 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 175 75 100 2,945 1,260