Census Profile, 2016 Census
Saint-Léonard--Saint-Michel [Federal electoral district], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Saint-Léonard--Saint-Michel
Quebec
[Federal electoral district]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Saint-Léonard--Saint-Michel [Federal electoral district], Quebec  Map : Saint-Léonard--Saint-Michel [Federal electoral district], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 113,212 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 110,649 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.3 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 46,926 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 44,313 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,592.8 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 20.24 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 113,210 53,800 59,410 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 23,100 11,560 11,535 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 8,735 4,375 4,355 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 8,165 4,055 4,100 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 6,205 3,130 3,075 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 69,800 33,735 36,070 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 6,190 3,095 3,090 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 6,435 3,105 3,325 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 6,390 2,900 3,490 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 7,230 3,095 4,135 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 8,035 3,700 4,340 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 8,140 4,200 3,940 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 8,120 4,305 3,815 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 7,260 3,710 3,550 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 6,605 3,175 3,430 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 5,390 2,440 2,950 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 20,310 8,505 11,800 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 5,280 2,335 2,940 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 4,275 1,820 2,455 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 4,195 1,770 2,420 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 3,445 1,440 2,005 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 3,120 1,140 1,980 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 2,075 815 1,260 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 830 275 555 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 180 45 140 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 30 5 25 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 20.4 21.5 19.4 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 61.7 62.7 60.7 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 17.9 15.8 19.9 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 2.8 2.1 3.3 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 39.8 38.7 40.8 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 39.5 39.3 39.8 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 44,315 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 2,310 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 2,455 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 39,540 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 890 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 215 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 7,105 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 31,155 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 180 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 10 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 44,315 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 13,200 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 12,560 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 7,250 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 6,715 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,580 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 111,745 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 90,115 42,240 47,875 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 47,140 23,610 23,535 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 41,055 20,560 20,490 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 6,090 3,045 3,040 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 42,970 18,630 24,340 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 27,305 13,940 13,360 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 2,200 825 1,375 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 7,295 2,750 4,545 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 6,170 1,115 5,060 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 30,080 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 12,745 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 7,100 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 6,530 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,710 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.1 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 30,085 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 22,705 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 19,665 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,045 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 7,375 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 6,230 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 1,145 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 22,710 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 8,300 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 14,410 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 5,005 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 5,925 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 3,475 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 7,375 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 4,445 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 2,090 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 845 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 19,220 8,780 10,440 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 44,315 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 28,780 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 7,930 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 20,855 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 645 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 14,890 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 13,195 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,690 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 112,615 53,610 59,005 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 5,130 2,625 2,510 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 50,185 22,145 28,040 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 52,150 27,010 25,140 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 5,155 1,830 3,325 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 112,620 53,610 59,005 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 20,900 10,395 10,495 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 73,665 34,365 39,300 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 13,040 7,080 5,960 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 5,015 1,770 3,250 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 27,420 13,940 13,480 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 24.3 26.0 22.8 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 112,615 53,610 59,005 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 104,785 49,790 54,990 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 42,080 20,015 22,065 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 7,085 3,620 3,465 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 35,000 16,400 18,605 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 62,700 29,775 32,925 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 10 5 0 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 5 0 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 5 0 5 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 5 0 0 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 62,695 29,770 32,920 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 15,395 7,940 7,460 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 2,745 1,440 1,300 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 1,705 885 825 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,040 560 480 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 10 5 5 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 12,635 6,485 6,150 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 10 5 5 745 340 405
Arabic 12,620 6,480 6,140 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 5 0 5 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 0 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 0 0 0 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 4,095 1,935 2,160 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,135 530 600 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 2,965 1,405 1,560 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 115 30 85 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 5 0 5 115 35 80
Cebuano 5 0 5 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 410 125 275
Ilocano 5 0 5 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 10 5 10 1,250 590 660
Malay 5 0 5 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 205 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 75 15 60 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 320 140 180
Creole languages 6,480 2,825 3,655 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 240 110 130 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 6,235 2,715 3,520 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 955 470 485 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 0 0 0 240 130 110
Malayalam 0 0 0 440 235 205
Tamil 950 465 485 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 0 0 0 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 5 5 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 31,790 14,755 17,030 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 60 25 35 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 30 15 15 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 1,205 500 710 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 10 5 5 850 335 515
Latvian 0 0 0 290 120 175
Lithuanian 10 5 5 555 215 340
Slavic languages 1,195 495 705 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 5 0 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 20 15 10 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 105 45 60 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 55 25 25 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 5 5 5 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 5 5 5 205 105 95
Polish 325 120 210 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 255 105 155 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 45 15 30 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 10 1,805 865 940
Slovak 15 0 10 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 65 25 40 755 350 405
Ukrainian 285 130 160 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 85
Celtic languages 0 0 0 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 55 30
Germanic languages 75 35 40 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 0 0 0 125 60 65
Danish 0 0 0 395 190 200
Dutch 10 5 10 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 0 0 0 10 10 0
German 60 30 25 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 0 65 30 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 200 100 100
Swedish 0 0 0 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5 540 240 300
Yiddish 0 0 0 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 100 75
Greek 325 150 180 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 1,280 620 655 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 900 440 455 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 490 235 250 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 120 60 65 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 20 10 10 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 5 0 0 110 60 55
Marathi 0 0 0 255 145 110
Nepali 15 5 5 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 70 30 35 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 10 5 5 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 15 645 310 330
Urdu 140 70 70 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 375 175 200 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 125 55 65 985 550 430
Pashto 20 10 15 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 225 100 120 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 28,815 13,420 15,395 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 10 5 5 320 170 150
Italian 17,860 8,300 9,565 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 1,440 650 785 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 545 255 290 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 8,960 4,210 4,755 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 125 75 50
Japanese 20 0 20 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 170 80 85
Georgian 0 5 0 170 80 90
Korean 10 5 5 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 5 0 0 190 75 115
Mongolian 5 0 0 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 705 340 360 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 20 10 10 1,200 655 545
Edo 0 0 0 75 45 30
Ewe 30 20 5 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 55 25 30 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 5 0 0 80 40 40
Ganda 0 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 0 5 0 120 70 50
Lingala 150 65 75 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 45 20 25 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 60 20 35 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 0 0 0 85 45 40
Swahili 50 25 30 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 55 30 20 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 5 0 5 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 225 110 115 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 170 165
Sign languages 20 15 5 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 5 0 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,935 895 1,040 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 1,930 895 1,035 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 970 470 500 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 5 5 0 470 215 260
Mandarin 405 175 230 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 0 0 0 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 450 195 250 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 50 50 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 345 175 170
Burmese 0 0 0 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 5 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 225 115 110 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 205 110 100 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 20 5 15 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 870 410 460 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 290 160 130
Turkish 865 410 460 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 5 0 0 205 100 105
Uzbek 0 0 0 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 185 80 105
Uralic languages 50 25 30 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 0 0 0 195 75 120
Finnish 0 0 0 360 125 240
Hungarian 50 25 25 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 685 385 300
Multiple responses 7,835 3,815 4,020 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 905 465 440 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 885 430 455 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 5,165 2,465 2,695 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 890 460 430 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 112,615 53,610 59,005 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 94,115 44,615 49,505 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 59,600 28,570 31,030 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 16,245 8,050 8,195 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 43,360 20,525 22,840 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 34,515 16,045 18,470 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 5 5 0 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 5 0 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 5 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 5 5 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 5 5 0 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 34,510 16,035 18,470 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,215 3,665 3,550 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 1,200 615 580 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 800 410 385 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 400 205 200 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 10 5 5 535 240 295
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 10 5 5 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 6,010 3,045 2,965 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 5 5 0 340 150 185
Arabic 6,005 3,045 2,960 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 3,335 1,535 1,805 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 855 385 470 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 2,485 1,150 1,335 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 20 5 10 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 0 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 130 55 75
Ilocano 5 0 5 740 305 435
Malagasy 0 5 0 360 185 170
Malay 0 0 0 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 15 5 10 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Creole languages 2,650 1,165 1,485 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 120 55 60 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 2,525 1,110 1,415 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 850 420 430 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 0 0 0 150 85 65
Malayalam 0 0 0 200 100 100
Tamil 850 415 430 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 0 0 0 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 17,800 8,010 9,790 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 35 10 25 1,615 795 820
Armenian 10 5 5 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 660 285 375 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 5 0 0 190 80 105
Latvian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 5 0 5 115 40 70
Slavic languages 655 285 375 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 15 5 5 965 475 495
Bulgarian 65 30 35 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 15 5 10 1,015 475 545
Czech 5 5 0 460 220 240
Macedonian 0 5 0 130 65 65
Polish 155 65 95 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 175 75 95 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 30 10 20 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 960 470 490
Slovak 5 0 5 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 10 20 225 95 135
Ukrainian 145 65 85 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 5 5 5 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 0 0 0 50 25 25
Dutch 0 0 0 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 5 5 5 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 0 0 0 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 0 0 0 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Greek 140 50 90 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 870 405 470 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 635 305 330 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 380 175 205 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 70 35 35 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 10 10 5 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 5 5 30 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 80 40 40
Nepali 15 10 5 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 35 15 20 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 10 5 5 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 365 185 180
Urdu 95 45 45 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 235 95 140 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 55 25 30 510 280 235
Pashto 20 10 10 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 160 65 95 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 16,075 7,250 8,830 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 0 0 0 110 50 60
Italian 8,520 3,680 4,835 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 750 350 395 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 375 175 205 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 6,430 3,045 3,390 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 35 20 15
Japanese 5 5 5 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 0 70 40 35
Korean 10 5 5 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 145 70 75
Mongolian 0 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 225 100 125 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 445 215 235
Bamanankan 10 0 5 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 15 10 5 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 25 15 15 530 255 280
Ga 0 5 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 80 30 50 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 5 5 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 20 10 10 1,100 535 565
Wolof 15 10 10 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 130 65 65
Sign languages 20 10 5 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 0 0 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 10 5 5 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,575 735 840 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 1,575 730 840 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 775 370 405 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 0 5 0 155 75 80
Mandarin 350 165 185 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 345 155 195 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 45 55 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 215 115 100
Burmese 0 0 0 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 125 65 55 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 120 65 55 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 5 5 5 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 655 305 355 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 100 50 55
Turkish 650 300 350 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 5 5 5 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Uralic languages 15 10 10 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 0 0 0 50 20 30
Hungarian 20 5 10 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 150 90 60
Multiple responses 18,505 9,000 9,505 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 1,550 770 785 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 1,855 905 955 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 12,725 6,125 6,600 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 2,375 1,200 1,175 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 112,620 53,610 59,005 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 71,260 33,505 37,755 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 5,535 2,750 2,790 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 13,950 6,780 7,170 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 17,785 8,565 9,225 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 5 0 0 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 17,785 8,560 9,220 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 1,625 840 785 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 895 435 460 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 1,530 720 810 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 35 15 20 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 88,655 41,735 46,915 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 84,570 39,820 44,755 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 24,741 27,179 22,912 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 84,575 39,815 44,760 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 23,607 25,476 22,184 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 70,365 34,505 35,860 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 20,548 24,194 17,116 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 73,620 33,470 40,150 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,784 4,591 10,132 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 53,900 27,945 25,950 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 23,909 26,379 21,501 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 88,655 41,790 46,865 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 84,590 39,855 44,735 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,321 33,981 28,951 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 84,600 39,855 44,745 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,242 28,914 25,753 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 70,430 34,350 36,080 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,117 32,157 24,270 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 73,670 33,625 40,050 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 9,083 7,426 10,475 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 53,925 27,900 26,020 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,229 33,181 27,065 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 88,655 41,790 46,860 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 21,195 11,770 9,425 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 38,671 40,084 37,115 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 45,350 48,512 41,401 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 74.8 81.8 67.4 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 61.7 68.4 54.7 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 25.2 18.2 32.6 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 88,655 41,735 46,915 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 4,080 1,920 2,160 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 84,570 39,820 44,755 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 95.4 95.4 95.4 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,485 6,625 6,855 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 19,810 7,725 12,080 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 17,005 7,515 9,490 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 12,035 5,950 6,080 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 8,550 4,245 4,300 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 5,160 2,680 2,480 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 2,880 1,600 1,280 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 1,865 1,070 795 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 1,195 690 505 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 750 470 280 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 1,840 1,235 610 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 1,280 830 450 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 565 400 160 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 88,655 41,735 46,915 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 4,075 1,920 2,155 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 84,575 39,815 44,755 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 95.4 95.4 95.4 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,745 6,710 7,035 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 20,655 8,135 12,520 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 19,485 8,905 10,580 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 14,175 7,140 7,040 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 8,140 4,095 4,045 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 3,860 2,075 1,780 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 2,000 1,130 870 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 990 595 395 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 1,525 1,030 495 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 555 360 200 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 280 190 95 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 680 480 200 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 88,655 41,740 46,915 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 34,755 13,795 20,960 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 53,900 27,950 25,955 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 60.8 67.0 55.3 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,840 3,695 4,145 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 5,375 2,480 2,890 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 10,175 4,920 5,255 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 8,690 4,400 4,295 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 7,350 3,955 3,400 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 5,180 2,805 2,375 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 3,195 1,860 1,340 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 1,975 1,190 785 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 1,435 850 585 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 2,680 1,790 890 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 855 535 315 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 525 345 185 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 1,300 905 390 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 44,315 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 48,731 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 44,889 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 13,200 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 26,615 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 25,071 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 31,115 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 59,059 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 54,401 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 44,325 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 59,776 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 51,996 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 13,215 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,301 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,687 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 31,105 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 71,022 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 61,897 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 44,315 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 645 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 835 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,475 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,700 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,905 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,630 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,830 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,130 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,965 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,665 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,910 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,890 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,915 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,225 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,765 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 5,820 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,585 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,360 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,105 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 770 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 44,315 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 715 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 845 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,495 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,805 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,195 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,985 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,430 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,455 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,305 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,095 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,355 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,910 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,800 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,985 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,395 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 3,530 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 1,865 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 820 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 845 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 30,125 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 59,028 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 54,412 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 7,645 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 52,019 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 47,852 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 14,450 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 69,989 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 64,174 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 7,000 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,858 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 43,392 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 30,060 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,118 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 61,932 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 7,560 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 63,060 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 54,243 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,480 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 84,743 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 73,243 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,975 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,420 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,400 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 16,075 7,445 8,630 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 25,004 25,933 24,552 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,882 24,082 23,722 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 16,220 7,635 8,590 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,554 31,487 31,614 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 27,319 26,949 27,648 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 111,740 53,300 58,450 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 86,440 40,800 45,640 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 16,970 8,140 8,835 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 19,880 9,010 10,870 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 21,350 10,125 11,230 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 16,480 7,895 8,580 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 11,760 5,635 6,125 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 25,305 12,495 12,810 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 8,335 4,060 4,275 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 6,295 3,120 3,180 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 4,850 2,410 2,440 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 3,455 1,735 1,715 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 2,370 1,170 1,200 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 111,745 53,295 58,450 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 26,750 13,390 13,360 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 10,445 5,255 5,185 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 65,970 31,810 34,160 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 19,025 8,100 10,920 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 27,070 12,510 14,560 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 8,345 4,245 4,095 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 3,415 1,715 1,700 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 15,150 7,070 8,080 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 3,580 1,195 2,385 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 24.2 23.5 24.9 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 31.2 31.7 30.7 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 32.7 32.6 32.8 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 23.0 22.2 23.7 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 18.8 14.8 21.8 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 20,330 9,580 10,750 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 6,195 3,165 3,025 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 2,565 1,275 1,295 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 11,855 5,700 6,150 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 2,280 710 1,575 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 18.2 18.0 18.4 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 23.2 23.6 22.6 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 24.6 24.3 25.0 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 18.0 17.9 18.0 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 12.0 8.8 14.4 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 111,765 53,370 58,395 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 106,655 51,565 55,090 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 57,075 29,425 27,650 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 101,675 49,055 52,620 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 82,685 39,465 43,220 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 0 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 0 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 82,675 39,465 43,210 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 21,600 11,080 10,525 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 3,850 2,020 1,825 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 2,355 1,205 1,150 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 1,535 835 700 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 20 10 10 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 15 0 10 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 19,885 10,155 9,725 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 20 15 0 1,145 540 600
Arabic 19,855 10,145 9,710 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 20 10 10 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 0 0 0 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 40 20 25 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 5,335 2,575 2,760 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 1,435 675 760 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 3,950 1,920 2,030 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 145 30 110 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 10 0 0 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 540 195 350
Ilocano 0 0 0 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 25 10 15 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 0 0 10 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 110 20 90 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 270 275
Creole languages 11,100 4,945 6,155 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 540 270 275 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 10,595 4,695 5,900 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 1,135 605 530 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 0 0 0 415 210 205
Malayalam 0 0 0 510 285 220
Tamil 1,135 605 530 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 0 0 0 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 39,780 18,640 21,140 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 75 35 40 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 45 30 15 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 1,510 715 790 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 10 10 10 1,080 500 585
Latvian 0 0 0 335 150 185
Lithuanian 10 10 10 755 350 410
Slavic languages 1,500 710 785 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 10 0 0 365 150 215
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 110 45 60 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 80 45 30 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 0 0 0 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 0 0 0 285 140 145
Polish 385 170 220 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 555 285 270 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 30 10 20 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 45 25 20 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 0 0 0 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 30 50 970 490 480
Ukrainian 410 185 225 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 75 75
Celtic languages 0 0 0 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 175 95
Germanic languages 270 130 135 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 0 0 0 415 260 150
Danish 0 0 0 835 410 420
Dutch 20 0 25 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 235 120 115 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 0 0 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 0 0 0 510 255 255
Swedish 0 10 0 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 760 265 495
Yiddish 0 0 0 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 270 125 140
Greek 350 160 185 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 1,460 695 765 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 1,145 560 585 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 600 300 305 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 80 35 45 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 105 50 60 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 0 150 70 75
Marathi 0 0 0 475 240 230
Nepali 45 25 20 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 150 70 75 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 0 10 0 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 40 50 1,335 625 710
Urdu 220 110 110 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 315 135 180 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 175 80 100 1,255 665 590
Pashto 15 0 10 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 130 65 65 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 36,540 17,090 19,450 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 15 10 10 890 525 365
Italian 22,760 10,465 12,290 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 1,815 830 985 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 610 270 340 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 12,950 6,175 6,775 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 490 345 145
Japanese 55 30 20 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 220 110 110
Georgian 0 0 0 215 105 110
Korean 20 10 10 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 15 10 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 10 10 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 1,300 630 670 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 10 0 0 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 25 15 10 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 0 0 0 190 95 95
Ewe 45 25 20 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 70 35 35 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 0 0 0 315 155 160
Ganda 0 0 0 90 40 55
Igbo 0 0 0 275 190 90
Lingala 480 210 270 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 55 30 25 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 70 25 45 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 125 70 60 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 100 45 50 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 495 255 240 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 695 345 350
Sign languages 125 60 65 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 15 0 10 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 55 25 35 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 65 35 35 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,460 1,100 1,360 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 2,450 1,100 1,355 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 1,395 620 775 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 10 10 10 545 240 310
Mandarin 730 290 430 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 630 260 365 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 10 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 245 140 105 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 0 430 235 195
Burmese 0 0 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 290 145 150 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 275 135 140 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 30 0 20 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 1,285 630 655 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 510 275 235
Turkish 1,255 605 650 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 25 15 10 230 110 120
Uzbek 0 0 0 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 235 115 120
Uralic languages 50 25 25 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 0 0 0 150 55 95
Finnish 0 0 0 500 195 305
Hungarian 50 25 25 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 111,765 53,370 58,390 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 95,210 45,495 49,720 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,585 11,800 11,785 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 71,630 33,695 37,935 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 16,550 7,880 8,670 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 111,760 53,375 58,395 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 54,970 26,500 28,470 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 55,290 26,130 29,160 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 14,540 6,505 8,035 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 5,775 2,920 2,855 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 8,550 3,975 4,570 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 15,210 7,370 7,840 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 5,830 2,870 2,960 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 9,385 4,500 4,885 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,215 5,355 5,860 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,510 745 760 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 55,290 26,130 29,160 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 5,045 2,505 2,535 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 8,435 4,055 4,385 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 13,165 5,640 7,530 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 25,350 12,400 12,950 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 3,290 1,535 1,755 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 55,290 26,130 29,160 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 16,250 7,375 8,875 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 50 15 35 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 770 385 385 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 1,065 515 550 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 45 25 20 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 8,635 3,795 4,840 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 20 15 0 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 645 235 410 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 1,065 465 600 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 10 10 0 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 575 305 270 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 3,385 1,615 1,765 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 13,840 6,180 7,655 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 30 15 15 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 65 25 35 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 580 270 310 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 55 35 20 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 115 50 60 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 25 10 15 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 0 0 820 485 330
Italy 10,405 4,675 5,735 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 10 0 10 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 225 85 135 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 965 410 555 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 475 205 265 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 85 40 45 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 20 10 15 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 200 90 105 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 65 35 25 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 525 220 305 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 16,735 8,550 8,185 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 8,475 4,345 4,130 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 180 100 75 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 10 0 10 995 495 495
Kenya 0 0 0 785 355 430
Morocco 4,995 2,565 2,430 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 0 0 0 1,340 740 600
Somalia 0 0 0 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 0 0 0 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 3,075 1,535 1,540 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 8,460 4,020 4,440 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 35 0 25 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 310 155 155 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 580 210 375 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 50 25 20 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 115 45 70 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 75 40 30 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 35 20 20 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 15 10 0 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 30 15 15 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 900 465 435 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 145 85 65 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 105 15 90 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 715 365 345 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 170 85 85 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 15 10 0 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 2,595 1,220 1,375 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 2,585 1,260 1,325 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 0 0 0 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 11,215 5,355 5,860 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 3,860 1,865 1,990 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 0 0 0 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 240 120 125 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 170 95 70 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 2,355 1,100 1,250 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 15 10 0 190 140 55
Mexico 175 70 100 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 215 120 95 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 25 10 15 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 665 335 330 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 450 250 205 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 130 60 65 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 10 10 0 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 10 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 45 20 25 3,750 1,695 2,055
Romania 40 15 25