Census Profile, 2016 Census
Ville-Marie--Le Sud-Ouest--Île-des-Soeurs [Federal electoral district], Quebec and Quebec [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Ville-Marie--Le Sud-Ouest--Île-des-Soeurs
Quebec
[Federal electoral district]
Quebec

[Province]
Data quality , Ville-Marie--Le Sud-Ouest--Île-des-Soeurs [Federal electoral district], Quebec  Map : Ville-Marie--Le Sud-Ouest--Île-des-Soeurs [Federal electoral district], Quebec
Change geography 1
Data quality : Quebec [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 114,659 ... ... 8,164,361 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 103,070 ... ... 7,903,001 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.2 ... ... 3.3 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 73,396 ... ... 3,858,943 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 62,412 ... ... 3,531,663 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 5,151.0 ... ... 6.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 22.26 ... ... 1,356,625.27 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 114,660 57,975 56,685 8,164,360 4,016,760 4,147,605
0 to 14 years 12,340 6,325 6,010 1,333,260 682,535 650,720
0 to 4 years 5,225 2,705 2,520 444,930 227,965 216,970
5 to 9 years 3,940 2,015 1,925 469,165 240,225 228,940
10 to 14 years 3,170 1,605 1,570 419,160 214,345 204,815
15 to 64 years 87,085 44,665 42,420 5,335,910 2,664,630 2,671,280
15 to 19 years 4,925 2,310 2,620 429,825 219,070 210,755
20 to 24 years 13,110 6,710 6,400 500,100 252,600 247,500
25 to 29 years 14,860 7,785 7,070 495,410 248,030 247,380
30 to 34 years 12,880 6,665 6,215 515,505 256,440 259,070
35 to 39 years 9,465 4,975 4,495 550,540 274,595 275,945
40 to 44 years 6,825 3,580 3,240 506,525 254,100 252,425
45 to 49 years 6,090 3,140 2,950 519,425 260,410 259,015
50 to 54 years 6,390 3,275 3,115 619,435 309,070 310,370
55 to 59 years 6,530 3,325 3,205 636,475 314,190 322,285
60 to 64 years 6,005 2,910 3,100 562,670 276,140 286,535
65 years and over 15,235 6,985 8,250 1,495,195 669,590 825,605
65 to 69 years 5,175 2,560 2,620 488,175 236,395 251,775
70 to 74 years 3,860 1,805 2,050 373,590 176,905 196,690
75 to 79 years 2,665 1,215 1,450 256,905 116,020 140,890
80 to 84 years 1,810 795 1,015 187,835 78,390 109,450
85 years and over 1,730 610 1,120 188,685 61,885 126,805
85 to 89 years 1,085 395 685 120,635 43,795 76,840
90 to 94 years 510 180 325 53,165 15,155 38,015
95 to 99 years 120 30 90 13,035 2,685 10,350
100 years and over 20 5 15 1,850 255 1,600
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 10.8 10.9 10.6 16.3 17.0 15.7
15 to 64 years 76.0 77.0 74.8 65.4 66.3 64.4
65 years and over 13.3 12.0 14.6 18.3 16.7 19.9
85 years and over 1.5 1.1 2.0 2.3 1.5 3.1
Average age of the population 38.8 38.2 39.4 41.9 40.9 42.9
Median age of the population 34.7 34.4 35.0 42.5 41.4 43.6
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 62,410 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Single-detached house 360 ... ... 1,602,680 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 33,160 ... ... 187,800 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 28,880 ... ... 1,717,680 ... ...
Semi-detached house 265 ... ... 188,245 ... ...
Row house 4,190 ... ... 93,350 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,350 ... ... 265,195 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 22,945 ... ... 1,154,955 ... ...
Other single-attached house 140 ... ... 15,940 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 23,505 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 62,415 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
1 person 31,735 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
2 persons 19,370 ... ... 1,227,765 ... ...
3 persons 6,120 ... ... 489,460 ... ...
4 persons 3,575 ... ... 426,250 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,620 ... ... 212,960 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 112,035 ... ... 7,965,455 ... ...
Average household size 1.8 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 102,320 51,655 50,670 6,831,105 3,334,220 3,496,885
Married or living common law 43,860 22,415 21,440 3,844,145 1,924,750 1,919,395
Married 28,430 14,320 14,110 2,342,980 1,172,720 1,170,260
Living common law 15,430 8,100 7,330 1,501,160 752,025 749,135
Not married and not living common law 58,460 29,235 29,225 2,986,960 1,409,475 1,577,490
Never married 45,810 24,965 20,845 2,010,580 1,084,300 926,280
Separated 1,810 770 1,035 103,625 46,390 57,240
Divorced 7,520 2,845 4,675 483,195 194,430 288,760
Widowed 3,320 645 2,675 389,555 84,345 305,210
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 25,515 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
2 persons 15,955 ... ... 1,204,955 ... ...
3 persons 5,095 ... ... 466,310 ... ...
4 persons 3,175 ... ... 412,160 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,290 ... ... 174,140 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.6 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 25,515 ... ... 2,257,560 ... ...
Total couple families 20,960 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Married couples 13,250 ... ... 1,128,355 ... ...
Common-law couples 7,710 ... ... 749,740 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,555 ... ... 379,460 ... ...
Female parent 3,750 ... ... 284,900 ... ...
Male parent 810 ... ... 94,565 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 20,960 ... ... 1,878,095 ... ...
Couples without children 13,000 ... ... 970,260 ... ...
Couples with children 7,960 ... ... 907,840 ... ...
1 child 3,990 ... ... 356,640 ... ...
2 children 2,840 ... ... 384,875 ... ...
3 or more children 1,135 ... ... 166,315 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,555 ... ... 379,465 ... ...
1 child 2,960 ... ... 234,695 ... ...
2 children 1,105 ... ... 109,670 ... ...
3 or more children 495 ... ... 35,100 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 45,155 23,730 21,425 1,579,070 775,765 803,305
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 62,415 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
One-census-family households 25,020 ... ... 2,197,340 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,825 ... ... 947,305 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 12,195 ... ... 1,250,040 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 245 ... ... 29,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 37,145 ... ... 1,304,725 ... ...
One-person households 31,735 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 5,415 ... ... 129,500 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 112,885 57,045 55,845 8,066,560 3,977,275 4,089,285
English only 22,705 12,225 10,475 372,445 187,595 184,860
French only 14,845 6,660 8,180 4,032,640 1,874,545 2,158,095
English and French 73,435 37,330 36,105 3,586,410 1,884,135 1,702,275
Neither English nor French 1,900 825 1,075 75,065 31,000 44,060
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 112,890 57,045 55,845 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
English 45,015 23,495 21,520 964,120 482,985 481,135
French 56,010 27,855 28,160 6,750,945 3,320,380 3,430,560
English and French 10,025 4,900 5,130 278,710 144,060 134,655
Neither English nor French 1,835 795 1,040 72,775 29,845 42,930
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 50,025 25,945 24,085 1,103,480 555,015 548,465
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 44.3 45.5 43.1 13.7 14.0 13.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 112,885 57,040 55,845 8,066,555 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 107,975 54,500 53,475 7,881,650 3,884,675 3,996,975
Official languages 69,705 35,520 34,190 6,820,815 3,366,970 3,453,845
English 22,815 11,950 10,860 601,155 301,860 299,300
French 46,895 23,570 23,325 6,219,665 3,065,115 3,154,550
Non-official languages 38,265 18,985 19,285 1,060,830 517,700 543,125
Aboriginal languages 50 25 30 45,570 22,530 23,040
Algonquian languages 25 10 15 33,140 16,365 16,770
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 30 15 15 31,430 15,575 15,855
Atikamekw 5 0 0 6,150 3,135 3,015
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 8,715 4,155 4,555
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 590 285 305
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 135 55 80
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Southern East Cree 5 0 5 35 15 15
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree, n.o.s. 20 10 10 15,790 7,920 7,875
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 485 225 260
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 5 485 220 260
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 1,215 565 645
Algonquin 0 0 0 1,185 555 630
Ojibway 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 0 5 11,970 5,955 6,015
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 5 11,895 5,925 5,970
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 25 45
Iroquoian languages 10 5 5 375 165 210
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 5 5 365 160 210
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 65 30 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 38,215 18,960 19,255 1,015,260 495,175 520,090
Afro-Asiatic languages 7,040 3,940 3,100 197,535 104,185 93,355
Berber languages 120 70 50 20,845 11,125 9,720
Kabyle 85 50 35 12,470 6,625 5,840
Berber languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 8,375 4,500 3,875
Cushitic languages 95 45 50 1,125 545 580
Bilen 0 0 0 10 10 5
Oromo 0 0 0 15 10 5
Somali 90 40 50 1,075 515 560
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 30 20 10
Semitic languages 6,810 3,815 2,995 175,215 92,310 82,900
Amharic 40 15 25 745 340 405
Arabic 6,650 3,730 2,915 169,890 89,590 80,300
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 150 80 70
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 15 10 5
Harari 0 0 0 0 5 5
Hebrew 110 60 45 3,885 2,040 1,845
Maltese 5 0 0 25 10 15
Tigrigna 5 5 0 385 185 205
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 110 60 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 355 200 155
Austro-Asiatic languages 805 360 445 36,305 17,030 19,275
Khmer (Cambodian) 125 60 65 8,855 4,105 4,750
Vietnamese 680 300 385 27,425 12,920 14,505
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Austronesian languages 295 85 210 21,635 7,800 13,835
Bikol 0 0 0 115 35 80
Cebuano 5 0 5 885 270 610
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 5 0 5 410 125 275
Ilocano 10 5 5 2,060 745 1,315
Malagasy 15 10 5 1,250 590 660
Malay 45 20 25 705 265 440
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 205 90 110
Pangasinan 0 0 0 95 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 200 45 155 15,545 5,480 10,065
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 10 40
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 320 140 180
Creole languages 335 165 170 56,990 25,220 31,770
Haitian Creole 15 10 5 2,220 1,055 1,170
Creole, n.o.s. 290 135 155 53,785 23,675 30,110
Creole languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 980 490 490
Dravidian languages 695 425 265 14,865 7,435 7,430
Kannada 35 15 20 240 130 110
Malayalam 75 50 25 440 235 205
Tamil 375 210 160 13,600 6,715 6,880
Telugu 215 145 65 570 345 230
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Indo-European languages 18,380 9,120 9,255 553,045 269,625 283,420
Albanian 55 25 30 2,795 1,420 1,370
Armenian 275 135 140 16,430 7,970 8,460
Balto-Slavic languages 3,220 1,425 1,800 68,155 30,960 37,195
Baltic languages 20 10 15 850 335 515
Latvian 10 5 5 290 120 175
Lithuanian 10 5 10 555 215 340
Slavic languages 3,200 1,415 1,790 67,310 30,630 36,675
Belarusan 5 0 0 80 45 35
Bosnian 15 10 10 1,620 805 815
Bulgarian 300 155 150 6,985 3,385 3,600
Croatian 60 25 35 2,330 1,165 1,170
Czech 75 35 45 1,465 690 775
Macedonian 10 5 10 205 105 95
Polish 510 215 295 13,935 6,065 7,865
Russian 1,750 780 975 28,565 12,715 15,850
Serbian 150 70 80 3,140 1,590 1,545
Serbo-Croatian 35 10 20 1,805 865 940
Slovak 45 20 30 1,040 455 585
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 755 350 405
Ukrainian 225 90 135 5,210 2,285 2,920
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 175 90 85
Celtic languages 5 0 0 155 95 60
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 20 15 10
Welsh 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 55 30
Germanic languages 855 450 410 27,540 13,280 14,260
Afrikaans 10 5 5 125 60 65
Danish 40 20 20 395 190 200
Dutch 105 60 50 2,825 1,395 1,430
Frisian 5 5 0 10 10 0
German 555 290 265 13,670 6,340 7,330
Icelandic 0 0 5 65 30 35
Norwegian 15 10 5 200 100 100
Swedish 40 15 25 555 255 300
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 540 240 300
Yiddish 80 45 35 8,985 4,560 4,420
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 175 100 75
Greek 405 215 185 38,635 19,435 19,205
Indo-Iranian languages 6,215 3,350 2,870 76,040 39,205 36,835
Indo-Aryan languages 3,070 1,780 1,290 45,845 23,875 21,970
Bengali 1,520 770 750 10,995 5,620 5,380
Gujarati 155 100 55 6,070 2,980 3,090
Hindi 440 270 165 3,030 1,635 1,390
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 5
Konkani 10 10 0 110 60 55
Marathi 50 40 15 255 145 110
Nepali 5 5 5 1,505 740 765
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 375 265 115 12,380 6,720 5,660
Sindhi 30 15 15 330 160 165
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 15 5 645 310 330
Urdu 455 290 165 10,470 5,460 5,010
Iranian languages 3,115 1,550 1,565 29,760 15,105 14,655
Kurdish 55 30 30 985 550 430
Pashto 50 25 20 1,285 680 610
Persian (Farsi) 3,010 1,495 1,510 27,490 13,875 13,615
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 440 225 210
Italic (Romance) languages 7,345 3,525 3,815 323,290 157,260 166,030
Catalan 15 5 5 320 170 150
Italian 970 510 455 104,600 51,705 52,895
Portuguese 895 465 435 36,770 17,735 19,035
Romanian 805 360 445 35,840 17,170 18,665
Spanish 4,655 2,180 2,475 145,635 70,405 75,235
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 125 75 50
Japanese 280 110 175 2,525 775 1,750
Kartvelian languages 10 5 0 170 80 85
Georgian 10 5 0 170 80 90
Korean 890 425 465 5,160 2,270 2,890
Mongolic languages 5 5 5 190 75 115
Mongolian 5 5 0 195 80 115
Niger-Congo languages 695 320 380 28,355 14,360 13,995
Akan (Twi) 15 5 10 1,050 520 525
Bamanankan 25 15 10 1,200 655 545
Edo 0 0 0 75 45 30
Ewe 5 5 0 730 400 325
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 60 30 35 2,055 1,080 970
Ga 0 0 5 80 40 40
Ganda 0 0 0 35 15 20
Igbo 0 0 0 120 70 50
Lingala 125 55 70 2,465 1,185 1,285
Rundi (Kirundi) 60 30 30 3,345 1,600 1,745
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 35 10 25 2,500 1,115 1,380
Shona 0 0 0 85 45 40
Swahili 90 35 55 3,010 1,460 1,545
Wolof 75 45 35 3,230 1,745 1,485
Yoruba 10 15 0 255 155 100
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 185 90 95 8,135 4,235 3,895
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5 345 180 165
Dinka 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 335 170 165
Sign languages 10 5 0 1,330 700 630
American Sign Language 0 0 0 65 35 30
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 670 330 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 595 340 255
Sino-Tibetan languages 7,765 3,520 4,250 76,840 35,775 41,065
Chinese languages 7,750 3,515 4,240 76,490 35,600 40,895
Cantonese 1,165 535 630 24,375 11,505 12,875
Hakka 20 5 10 470 215 260
Mandarin 5,660 2,545 3,115 43,700 20,175 23,525
Min Dong 5 5 5 20 10 15
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 140 55 80 3,225 1,480 1,745
Wu (Shanghainese) 130 50 80 1,075 465 605
Chinese, n.o.s. 625 310 315 3,535 1,710 1,825
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 90 40 45
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 5 10 345 175 170
Burmese 5 5 5 80 30 50
Karenic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 110 65 50
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 85 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 100 40 60 4,895 2,185 2,710
Lao 55 25 30 4,115 1,995 2,120
Thai 40 10 30 765 180 585
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 490 240 250 7,980 4,095 3,880
Azerbaijani 35 20 15 290 160 130
Turkish 440 215 225 7,155 3,685 3,470
Uyghur 10 5 5 205 100 105
Uzbek 5 0 5 145 70 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 80 105
Uralic languages 395 185 215 6,400 2,985 3,410
Estonian 10 5 5 195 75 120
Finnish 25 10 20 360 125 240
Hungarian 360 170 190 5,835 2,790 3,045
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 5 685 385 300
Multiple responses 4,910 2,540 2,370 184,905 92,600 92,310
English and French 1,675 870 810 72,395 36,695 35,695
English and non-official language 1,395 735 660 27,485 13,545 13,945
French and non-official language 1,225 620 605 67,075 33,110 33,970
English, French and non-official language 615 320 295 17,950 9,245 8,705
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 112,885 57,040 55,845 8,066,560 3,977,270 4,089,285
Single responses 104,215 52,685 51,535 7,743,740 3,819,315 3,924,425
Official languages 82,630 42,085 40,540 7,157,850 3,536,165 3,621,685
English 34,710 18,130 16,585 782,185 391,125 391,060
French 47,915 23,960 23,960 6,375,665 3,145,040 3,230,625
Non-official languages 21,595 10,605 10,990 585,890 283,150 302,735
Aboriginal languages 40 15 20 40,190 20,205 19,980
Algonquian languages 15 5 10 28,695 14,385 14,310
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 10 10 28,110 14,105 14,005
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5,465 2,825 2,640
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 7,375 3,590 3,790
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 5 0 0 590 295 290
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 60 30 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern East Cree 5 0 0 15 5 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 5 5 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 14,590 7,355 7,235
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 220 115 110
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 220 110 105
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Algonquin 0 0 0 360 165 195
Ojibway 0 0 0 5 5 0
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 5 5 11,375 5,770 5,615
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuktitut 10 0 5 11,350 5,750 5,600
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 70 35 35
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 10 0 70 35 30
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 0 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 35 10 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 21,560 10,585 10,970 545,695 262,940 282,755
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,405 1,810 1,595 91,660 46,550 45,110
Berber languages 25 10 15 7,495 3,895 3,605
Kabyle 20 10 10 5,105 2,660 2,450
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 2,390 1,235 1,150
Cushitic languages 40 15 25 535 240 295
Bilen 5 5 0 5 0 5
Oromo 0 0 0 5 0 0
Somali 40 15 25 520 230 290
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 3,340 1,785 1,555 83,520 42,365 41,160
Amharic 25 15 15 340 150 185
Arabic 3,295 1,760 1,535 81,105 41,150 39,955
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 95 50 45
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 5
Harari 0 0 0 5 0 5
Hebrew 20 10 5 1,705 880 825
Maltese 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tigrigna 5 0 0 205 95 105
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 60 25 35
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 50 55
Austro-Asiatic languages 410 185 230 24,980 11,675 13,305
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 25 25 5,180 2,370 2,805
Vietnamese 365 165 205 19,790 9,295 10,495
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 5 10
Austronesian languages 90 35 55 9,715 3,960 5,750
Bikol 0 0 0 15 5 10
Cebuano 5 0 0 230 100 125
Fijian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 130 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 740 305 435
Malagasy 5 5 5 360 185 170
Malay 5 5 5 175 85 95
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 60 30 30
Pangasinan 0 0 0 10 5 10
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 65 25 45 7,905 3,150 4,760
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 75 35 35
Creole languages 90 35 60 20,705 8,780 11,925
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 855 380 475
Creole, n.o.s. 80 30 50 19,405 8,200 11,210
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 440 200 240
Dravidian languages 455 265 185 11,400 5,595 5,805
Kannada 15 10 5 150 85 65
Malayalam 40 25 15 200 100 100
Tamil 270 150 125 10,720 5,215 5,500
Telugu 125 85 40 330 190 135
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 15 5 5
Indo-European languages 10,350 5,115 5,235 303,215 146,100 157,115
Albanian 20 5 10 1,615 795 820
Armenian 135 70 65 11,990 5,680 6,310
Balto-Slavic languages 1,720 800 925 40,405 19,085 21,325
Baltic languages 0 0 0 190 80 105
Latvian 0 0 0 75 40 40
Lithuanian 0 0 0 115 40 70
Slavic languages 1,720 795 925 40,220 19,000 21,220
Belarusan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Bosnian 15 5 10 965 475 495
Bulgarian 160 75 85 5,125 2,495 2,630
Croatian 10 5 10 1,015 475 545
Czech 25 15 10 460 220 240
Macedonian 0 0 5 130 65 65
Polish 175 75 100 5,970 2,695 3,270
Russian 1,125 520 610 20,680 9,775 10,900
Serbian 75 35 45 2,010 1,020 990
Serbo-Croatian 15 5 10 960 470 490
Slovak 5 5 0 245 120 130
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 225 95 135
Ukrainian 105 55 55 2,365 1,060 1,300
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 40 15 25
Celtic languages 0 5 0 30 20 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 10 0
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 15 15 5
Germanic languages 170 90 85 9,890 4,980 4,905
Afrikaans 0 0 0 15 10 10
Danish 5 5 5 50 25 25
Dutch 25 10 10 375 170 205
Frisian 0 0 0 0 0 0
German 115 60 55 2,550 1,190 1,365
Icelandic 0 0 0 30 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 20 5 10
Swedish 5 0 0 105 50 60
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 70 35 40
Yiddish 15 15 5 6,665 3,485 3,180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 10 5 5
Greek 105 55 50 18,545 8,865 9,680
Indo-Iranian languages 4,170 2,180 1,990 53,555 26,845 26,710
Indo-Aryan languages 1,830 1,025 800 31,575 15,985 15,585
Bengali 1,120 555 565 8,180 4,055 4,125
Gujarati 85 55 25 3,840 1,860 1,985
Hindi 185 125 60 1,535 790 745
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 5 0 30 15 15
Marathi 10 5 5 80 40 40
Nepali 5 5 5 1,355 655 700
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 15 10 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 190 140 50 8,840 4,690 4,155
Sindhi 5 0 0 135 65 75
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 5 365 185 180
Urdu 220 135 85 7,180 3,620 3,565
Iranian languages 2,325 1,145 1,185 21,745 10,740 11,010
Kurdish 30 15 15 510 280 235
Pashto 25 10 20 925 460 465
Persian (Farsi) 2,270 1,115 1,150 20,310 10,005 10,305
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 235 120 120
Italic (Romance) languages 4,030 1,925 2,110 167,190 79,835 87,355
Catalan 5 5 5 110 50 60
Italian 160 80 80 32,935 14,595 18,340
Portuguese 555 285 270 17,260 8,250 9,005
Romanian 410 190 220 24,520 12,000 12,525
Spanish 2,905 1,365 1,540 92,330 44,920 47,415
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Japanese 140 65 75 1,050 425 620
Kartvelian languages 0 5 0 70 35 35
Georgian 0 0 5 70 40 35
Korean 515 245 265 3,540 1,630 1,910
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 145 70 75
Mongolian 5 0 0 145 70 75
Niger-Congo languages 160 75 90 7,250 3,450 3,800
Akan (Twi) 0 0 5 445 215 235
Bamanankan 0 5 0 265 135 125
Edo 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ewe 0 5 0 140 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 15 10 5 530 255 280
Ga 0 0 0 15 5 10
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Lingala 25 5 20 625 270 355
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 15 10 1,110 510 600
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 5 5 530 225 305
Shona 0 0 0 20 10 10
Swahili 30 15 15 1,100 535 565
Wolof 20 15 5 1,035 555 480
Yoruba 0 0 0 55 25 25
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 1,350 635 710
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 135 70 65
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 130 65 65
Sign languages 5 5 0 1,770 1,000 775
American Sign Language 0 0 0 90 35 50
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 700 360 340
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 5 985 600 385
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,450 2,540 2,910 60,370 28,925 31,450
Chinese languages 5,445 2,535 2,905 60,155 28,805 31,345
Cantonese 635 300 335 17,845 8,470 9,375
Hakka 5 5 5 155 75 80
Mandarin 4,270 1,965 2,305 37,075 17,870 19,200
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 25 1,830 830 1,000
Wu (Shanghainese) 85 35 55 780 355 420
Chinese, n.o.s. 410 215 190 2,435 1,190 1,240
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 40 20 20
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 5 215 115 100
Burmese 0 0 0 35 15 20
Karenic languages 0 0 0 65 40 30
Tibetan 0 0 0 70 45 30
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 20 20
Tai-Kadai languages 50 25 25 2,375 1,145 1,230
Lao 30 15 15 2,150 1,055 1,100
Thai 20 5 15 225 90 135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 265 135 135 5,120 2,540 2,575
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 100 50 55
Turkish 250 125 125 4,715 2,340 2,370
Uyghur 10 0 5 140 75 70
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 30 35
Uralic languages 150 50 95 2,025 895 1,130
Estonian 0 0 0 30 10 20
Finnish 5 0 5 50 20 30
Hungarian 145 50 90 1,945 860 1,085
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 150 90 60
Multiple responses 8,670 4,355 4,310 322,820 157,960 164,860
English and French 2,490 1,340 1,145 86,715 43,820 42,890
English and non-official language 3,095 1,580 1,515 54,400 26,255 28,140
French and non-official language 1,870 845 1,030 139,385 66,610 72,775
English, French and non-official language 1,220 595 625 42,320 21,270 21,045
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 112,885 57,045 55,845 8,066,555 3,977,275 4,089,285
None 73,580 36,915 36,665 6,825,240 3,356,340 3,468,900
English 15,135 7,720 7,415 513,410 263,670 249,735
French 9,305 4,770 4,530 320,370 158,340 162,030
Non-official language 11,460 5,920 5,545 317,790 154,450 163,340
Aboriginal 35 15 15 5,700 2,645 3,060
Non-Aboriginal 11,430 5,900 5,525 312,085 151,810 160,280
English and French 1,335 650 685 36,235 18,285 17,955
English and non-official language 1,070 555 515 28,630 14,075 14,555
French and non-official language 945 480 465 23,470 11,365 12,095
English, French and non-official language 55 30 25 1,420 740 680
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 99,770 50,275 49,500 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,970 48,705 47,265 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,650 32,474 27,305 32,975 37,842 28,522
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 95,980 48,705 47,270 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,400
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,162 29,369 25,396 29,535 33,110 26,119
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 80,735 41,365 39,370 5,685,690 2,866,470 2,819,220
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,270 38,035 28,805 30,067 35,597 25,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,020 35,200 36,820 4,973,245 2,300,800 2,672,445
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,757 1,422 2,764 7,307 5,851 8,246
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 66,190 34,995 31,190 4,627,795 2,408,420 2,219,370
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,190 36,878 29,525 31,263 35,627 27,219
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 99,595 50,295 49,295 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,245
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,700 48,650 47,055 6,417,010 3,159,415 3,257,595
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 54,593 65,497 43,319 42,546 49,087 36,203
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 95,705 48,645 47,060 6,418,440 3,159,550 3,258,890
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,356 47,926 34,564 34,887 39,292 30,616
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 80,650 41,580 39,070 5,685,905 2,866,415 2,819,485
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,334 72,423 45,404 40,505 47,810 33,079
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,565 34,995 36,570 4,972,650 2,299,595 2,673,050
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,137 4,994 7,232 8,590 7,846 9,229
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,960 35,055 30,905 4,627,775 2,408,655 2,219,120
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 56,112 66,190 44,681 40,382 45,974 34,313
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 99,590 50,295 49,295 6,634,280 3,260,040 3,374,240
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 27,575 15,725 11,850 2,036,965 1,114,940 922,025
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 58,395 62,462 53,137 47,111 51,622 42,433
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 80,702 90,910 67,158 56,564 62,750 49,085
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.7 94.5 87.4 84.4 88.3 79.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.7 72.9 67.4 68.4 71.4 64.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.3 5.5 12.6 15.6 11.7 20.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 99,770 50,270 49,500 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,140
Without total income 3,805 1,570 2,235 216,685 99,555 117,125
With total income 95,970 48,705 47,260 6,417,615 3,160,595 3,257,020
Percentage with total income 96.2 96.9 95.5 96.7 96.9 96.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 20,570 10,490 10,075 789,595 351,935 437,660
$10,000 to $19,999 16,725 7,795 8,935 1,188,135 476,630 711,500
$20,000 to $29,999 10,985 4,995 5,995 976,210 428,390 547,830
$30,000 to $39,999 8,605 4,080 4,525 852,735 414,105 438,625
$40,000 to $49,999 7,650 3,610 4,045 747,995 378,215 369,780
$50,000 to $59,999 6,105 2,995 3,105 540,265 292,110 248,150
$60,000 to $69,999 4,940 2,480 2,460 375,935 214,805 161,130
$70,000 to $79,999 3,975 2,140 1,835 286,025 164,240 121,790
$80,000 to $89,999 2,985 1,700 1,280 189,350 113,715 75,635
$90,000 to $99,999 2,445 1,450 990 122,750 80,090 42,660
$100,000 and over 10,980 6,965 4,020 348,620 246,360 102,255
$100,000 to $149,999 5,725 3,400 2,330 236,515 164,145 72,370
$150,000 and over 5,255 3,565 1,685 112,105 82,215 29,885
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 99,775 50,275 49,500 6,634,295 3,260,150 3,374,140
Without after-tax income 3,795 1,565 2,230 215,120 99,375 115,750
With after-tax income 95,980 48,705 47,275 6,419,175 3,160,780 3,258,395
Percentage with after-tax income 96.2 96.9 95.5 96.8 97.0 96.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 20,950 10,625 10,325 822,725 359,045 463,675
$10,000 to $19,999 17,400 8,120 9,270 1,246,480 505,165 741,315
$20,000 to $29,999 12,825 5,910 6,915 1,192,885 541,080 651,810
$30,000 to $39,999 11,450 5,435 6,020 1,096,510 553,200 543,315
$40,000 to $49,999 9,180 4,535 4,635 793,150 425,040 368,115
$50,000 to $59,999 6,645 3,380 3,270 498,475 283,130 215,345
$60,000 to $69,999 4,605 2,580 2,020 309,415 180,470 128,945
$70,000 to $79,999 3,195 1,860 1,335 167,895 108,500 59,395
$80,000 and over 9,730 6,255 3,475 291,635 205,155 86,485
$80,000 to $89,999 2,110 1,255 855 95,010 64,670 30,335
$90,000 to $99,999 1,505 885 625 55,980 39,080 16,905
$100,000 and over 6,120 4,120 2,000 140,645 101,405 39,240
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 99,775 50,275 49,500 6,634,295 3,260,155 3,374,145
Without employment income 33,580 15,275 18,305 2,006,505 851,730 1,154,775
With employment income 66,190 35,000 31,190 4,627,790 2,408,420 2,219,375
Percentage with employment income 66.3 69.6 63.0 69.8 73.9 65.8
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,040 4,905 5,130 606,300 311,780 294,520
$5,000 to $9,999 5,480 2,715 2,760 367,030 162,150 204,885
$10,000 to $19,999 9,090 4,565 4,525 681,920 305,995 375,920
$20,000 to $29,999 6,640 3,315 3,325 586,140 269,950 316,195
$30,000 to $39,999 5,700 2,835 2,865 565,425 277,135 288,285
$40,000 to $49,999 5,265 2,540 2,730 476,665 247,105 229,560
$50,000 to $59,999 4,525 2,350 2,170 359,180 203,580 155,600
$60,000 to $69,999 3,710 2,010 1,705 266,650 156,255 110,395
$70,000 to $79,999 3,105 1,725 1,380 224,040 129,890 94,150
$80,000 and over 12,630 8,030 4,600 494,440 344,585 149,855
$80,000 to $89,999 2,325 1,390 935 139,830 90,295 49,540
$90,000 to $99,999 1,900 1,180 715 93,860 64,160 29,700
$100,000 and over 8,410 5,455 2,950 260,745 190,125 70,620
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 62,410 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 48,387 ... ... 59,822 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 42,498 ... ... 52,207 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 31,735 ... ... 1,175,230 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,592 ... ... 31,574 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,531 ... ... 28,469 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,680 ... ... 2,356,430 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,177 ... ... 78,645 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 61,614 ... ... 67,665 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 62,345 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,798 ... ... 77,306 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,485 ... ... 63,404 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 31,680 ... ... 1,174,695 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 53,737 ... ... 40,042 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,208 ... ... 33,262 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,670 ... ... 2,356,970 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,846 ... ... 95,878 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 86,493 ... ... 78,426 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 62,415 ... ... 3,531,665 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,795 ... ... 47,170 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,400 ... ... 56,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,530 ... ... 119,570 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,950 ... ... 180,865 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,155 ... ... 179,690 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,820 ... ... 154,150 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,620 ... ... 185,000 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,660 ... ... 184,435 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,615 ... ... 179,855 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,415 ... ... 170,445 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,370 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,670 ... ... 273,620 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,145 ... ... 241,940 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,685 ... ... 208,620 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,270 ... ... 176,355 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,310 ... ... 860,030 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,945 ... ... 327,435 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,730 ... ... 204,105 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,980 ... ... 192,155 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,660 ... ... 136,335 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 62,415 ... ... 3,531,660 ... ...
Under $5,000 5,910 ... ... 50,445 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 2,415 ... ... 57,335 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,560 ... ... 120,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 4,155 ... ... 190,300 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,490 ... ... 202,905 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,190 ... ... 187,365 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,365 ... ... 231,765 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,525 ... ... 225,695 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 3,165 ... ... 211,990 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 3,035 ... ... 202,760 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,130 ... ... 363,775 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,015 ... ... 309,825 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,170 ... ... 256,150 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,465 ... ... 208,765 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,005 ... ... 166,295 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,810 ... ... 545,440 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,475 ... ... 269,170 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,910 ... ... 130,225 ... ...
$150,000 and over 4,425 ... ... 146,045 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 26,400 ... ... 2,261,890 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,839 ... ... 79,378 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 66,665 ... ... 68,152 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 12,690 ... ... 930,195 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,881 ... ... 70,075 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,351 ... ... 60,224 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 7,990 ... ... 911,980 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 85,880 ... ... 105,246 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 74,488 ... ... 88,844 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8 ... ... 3.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,410 ... ... 364,085 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 41,408 ... ... 52,708 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 39,282 ... ... 47,805 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 26,330 ... ... 2,262,045 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 125,265 ... ... 96,863 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 93,320 ... ... 79,060 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 12,665 ... ... 929,645 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 142,102 ... ... 86,304 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 102,961 ... ... 70,167 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 7,960 ... ... 912,560 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 146,418 ... ... 122,835 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,164 ... ... 99,279 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,385 ... ... 363,610 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,900 ... ... 61,753 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,608 ... ... 53,052 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 42,230 22,290 19,945 1,433,210 711,180 722,030
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,975 24,375 25,701 29,195 31,526 27,210
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,640 23,034 24,208 26,706 28,214 25,434
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 42,210 22,340 19,865 1,430,625 708,225 722,405
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,637 48,743 42,143 37,684 39,840 35,571
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 35,559 37,135 33,787 31,513 32,729 30,321
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 112,040 56,560 55,475 7,965,455 3,941,475 4,023,970
In the bottom half of the distribution 68,875 34,305 34,565 4,577,885 2,216,770 2,361,115
In the bottom decile 29,240 14,915 14,325 747,785 368,385 379,395
In the second decile 13,030 6,345 6,690 898,605 408,705 489,900
In the third decile 10,000 4,920 5,075 997,185 481,975 515,210
In the fourth decile 8,815 4,315 4,500 996,230 490,275 505,960
In the fifth decile 7,790 3,810 3,980 938,080 467,425 470,655
In the top half of the distribution 43,160 22,255 20,905 3,387,565 1,724,710 1,662,855
In the sixth decile 7,050 3,545 3,505 881,640 444,865 436,775
In the seventh decile 6,995 3,540 3,460 806,685 409,470 397,220
In the eighth decile 7,120 3,635 3,480 700,450 357,000 343,455
In the ninth decile 8,025 4,190 3,835 557,160 286,195 270,960
In the top decile 13,960 7,340 6,620 441,630 227,185 214,445
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 112,035 56,560 55,470 7,921,505 3,919,560 4,001,945
0 to 17 years 14,150 7,215 6,930 1,564,410 800,455 763,960
0 to 5 years 6,050 3,135 2,915 532,410 272,790 259,625
18 to 64 years 83,735 42,755 40,975 5,021,875 2,498,900 2,522,980
65 years and over 14,155 6,585 7,565 1,335,220 620,210 715,010
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 35,240 17,580 17,660 1,160,190 542,405 617,785
0 to 17 years 4,990 2,535 2,455 222,955 114,410 108,540
0 to 5 years 1,885 980 910 75,270 38,595 36,670
18 to 64 years 26,840 13,570 13,265 688,130 334,825 353,305
65 years and over 3,415 1,475 1,940 249,110 93,170 155,930
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 31.5 31.1 31.8 14.6 13.8 15.4
0 to 17 years (%) 35.3 35.1 35.4 14.3 14.3 14.2
0 to 5 years (%) 31.2 31.3 31.2 14.1 14.1 14.1
18 to 64 years (%) 32.1 31.7 32.4 13.7 13.4 14.0
65 years and over (%) 24.1 22.4 25.6 18.7 15.0 21.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 32,550 16,570 15,985 731,340 358,085 373,260
0 to 17 years 4,095 2,080 2,015 129,325 66,400 62,925
0 to 5 years 1,600 825 775 44,375 22,705 21,675
18 to 64 years 25,880 13,375 12,505 514,540 261,485 253,060
65 years and over 2,585 1,115 1,465 87,475 30,205 57,270
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 29.1 29.3 28.8 9.2 9.1 9.3
0 to 17 years (%) 28.9 28.8 29.1 8.3 8.3 8.2
0 to 5 years (%) 26.4 26.3 26.6 8.3 8.3 8.3
18 to 64 years (%) 30.9 31.3 30.5 10.2 10.5 10.0
65 years and over (%) 18.3 16.9 19.4 6.6 4.9 8.0
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 111,850 56,590 55,265 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Official languages 109,930 55,770 54,160 7,891,110 3,911,220 3,979,890
English 95,370 49,240 46,135 3,930,690 2,058,470 1,872,225
French 87,380 43,695 43,680 7,522,350 3,725,145 3,797,200
Non-official languages 55,245 27,430 27,815 1,610,980 776,265 834,720
Aboriginal languages 100 50 55 50,890 25,190 25,700
Algonquian languages 50 25 30 37,515 18,545 18,965
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 50 20 30 34,415 17,050 17,370
Atikamekw 0 0 0 6,640 3,335 3,305
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 9,850 4,735 5,115
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 10 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 775 385 385
Northern East Cree 15 0 10 260 130 130
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 35 25 10
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 10 10 0
Cree, n.o.s. 35 15 15 17,175 8,600 8,575
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 10 0 885 460 420
Malecite 0 0 0 10 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 880 460 425
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 2,340 1,105 1,235
Algonquin 0 0 0 2,240 1,055 1,185
Ojibway 0 0 0 105 50 50
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 10 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 15 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 10 10 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 40 20 20 12,595 6,270 6,330
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 35 15 15 12,485 6,210 6,270
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 115 60 60
Iroquoian languages 10 0 0 740 360 375
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 690 350 335
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 15 35
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dakota 0 0 0 10 0 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 90 40 55
Non-Aboriginal languages 55,150 27,390 27,770 1,560,375 751,215 809,160
Afro-Asiatic languages 11,165 6,225 4,935 301,035 157,545 143,490
Berber languages 195 125 70 27,595 14,650 12,945
Kabyle 90 65 25 16,170 8,580 7,590
Berber languages, n.i.e. 100 55 45 11,580 6,150 5,425
Cushitic languages 195 90 100 1,550 745 805
Bilen 0 0 0 35 20 10
Oromo 0 0 0 45 30 10
Somali 185 85 100 1,460 680 780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 10,905 6,085 4,825 286,625 149,970 136,660
Amharic 45 10 25 1,145 540 600
Arabic 10,230 5,740 4,485 267,965 140,280 127,685
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 195 95 95
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 675 350 320 18,035 9,490 8,540
Maltese 0 0 0 40 10 25
Tigrigna 0 0 0 420 195 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 180 85 95
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 810 430 380
Austro-Asiatic languages 995 490 505 46,050 21,955 24,095
Khmer (Cambodian) 165 80 90 11,840 5,620 6,220
Vietnamese 825 405 420 34,580 16,520 18,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 40 25 15
Austronesian languages 445 160 290 31,230 11,820 19,410
Bikol 0 0 0 105 45 60
Cebuano 15 10 10 1,105 360 750
Fijian 0 0 0 15 0 10
Hiligaynon 10 0 10 540 195 350
Ilocano 10 0 10 2,500 890 1,610
Malagasy 40 20 15 1,980 940 1,040
Malay 90 35 55 1,210 525 690
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 195 95 100
Pangasinan 0 0 0 60 20 40
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 295 90 205 26,705 9,785 16,915
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 10 45
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 540 270 275
Creole languages 1,060 515 545 115,445 51,970 63,475
Haitian Creole 55 30 25 4,910 2,285 2,620
Creole, n.o.s. 920 445 480 108,315 48,615 59,705
Creole languages, n.i.e. 105 55 50 2,835 1,390 1,445
Dravidian languages 840 530 310 18,710 9,495 9,210
Kannada 85 55 30 415 210 205
Malayalam 60 45 10 510 285 220
Tamil 465 295 170 17,245 8,680 8,565
Telugu 280 170 110 930 540 390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 0
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 35 15 25
Indo-European languages 30,490 14,960 15,535 912,945 435,785 477,155
Albanian 25 10 20 3,375 1,730 1,645
Armenian 390 195 195 20,290 9,790 10,500
Balto-Slavic languages 4,010 1,730 2,280 88,425 41,725 46,700
Baltic languages 40 20 20 1,080 500 585
Latvian 15 10 10 335 150 185
Lithuanian 25 15 10 755 350 410
Slavic languages 3,995 1,725 2,260 87,520 41,315 46,205
Belarusan 20 0 10 365 150 215
Bosnian 60 20 40 1,975 990 985
Bulgarian 380 190 185 7,345 3,595 3,750
Croatian 85 30 55 3,580 1,760 1,820
Czech 105 45 60 2,070 975 1,095
Macedonian 35 10 25 285 140 145
Polish 665 290 375 17,760 8,090 9,665
Russian 2,425 1,085 1,340 46,665 22,265 24,400
Serbian 245 110 140 4,050 1,980 2,070
Serbo-Croatian 35 15 30 2,385 1,140 1,245
Slovak 60 30 35 1,520 705 820
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 0 10 970 490 480
Ukrainian 455 190 270 9,015 3,885 5,135
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 150 75 75
Celtic languages 25 20 10 495 305 195
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 155 95 65
Welsh 0 0 0 85 45 40
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 265 175 95
Germanic languages 2,635 1,425 1,205 63,370 31,835 31,530
Afrikaans 15 10 0 415 260 150
Danish 75 40 45 835 410 420
Dutch 210 115 95 5,060 2,665 2,395
Frisian 0 0 0 15 10 0
German 2,215 1,215 995 43,475 21,950 21,530
Icelandic 10 10 0 140 80 60
Norwegian 30 15 15 510 255 255
Swedish 95 30 65 1,580 785 795
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 10 760 265 495
Yiddish 110 65 50 12,375 6,225 6,155
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 270 125 140
Greek 690 380 305 51,060 25,520 25,540
Indo-Iranian languages 7,750 4,125 3,630 93,655 48,040 45,615
Indo-Aryan languages 4,015 2,275 1,740 59,570 30,870 28,700
Bengali 1,630 840 795 12,870 6,610 6,260
Gujarati 240 110 130 7,950 3,860 4,090
Hindi 1,635 1,005 630 15,570 8,285 7,280
Kashmiri 0 10 0 45 35 15
Konkani 0 0 0 150 70 75
Marathi 85 40 45 475 240 230
Nepali 20 10 10 1,445 725 720
Oriya (Odia) 25 15 10 55 35 20
Punjabi (Panjabi) 695 460 235 17,860 9,690 8,165
Sindhi 80 45 35 500 240 255
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 20 1,335 625 710
Urdu 725 460 265 16,545 8,655 7,890
Iranian languages 3,730 1,855 1,880 35,420 17,830 17,585
Kurdish 60 20 40 1,255 665 590
Pashto 30 20 0 1,825 1,005 825
Persian (Farsi) 3,665 1,820 1,845 32,965 16,560 16,405
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 845 425 420
Italic (Romance) languages 16,715 7,875 8,835 627,545 293,620 333,920
Catalan 25 20 10 890 525 365
Italian 3,145 1,505 1,645 173,710 84,430 89,275
Portuguese 1,695 1,010 690 55,100 27,620 27,475
Romanian 965 420 540 42,655 20,550 22,110
Spanish 12,590 5,855 6,740 390,355 177,610 212,745
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 490 345 145
Japanese 720 340 375 7,040 3,340 3,695
Kartvelian languages 15 10 0 220 110 110
Georgian 15 15 0 215 105 110
Korean 885 420 460 6,260 2,825 3,430
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 270 135 130
Mongolian 10 0 0 265 135 130
Niger-Congo languages 1,410 645 770 52,840 26,665 26,175
Akan (Twi) 30 0 20 1,800 945 855
Bamanankan 40 25 15 2,385 1,240 1,145
Edo 0 0 0 190 95 95
Ewe 10 0 10 1,410 865 545
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 95 50 45 3,400 1,785 1,620
Ga 10 0 10 315 155 160
Ganda 0 0 0 90 40 55
Igbo 15 10 10 275 190 90
Lingala 425 185 245 9,630 4,430 5,200
Rundi (Kirundi) 80 50 25 4,490 2,210 2,285
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 20 40 3,535 1,640 1,895
Shona 0 0 0 150 75 80
Swahili 190 95 90 8,015 4,080 3,935
Wolof 185 95 95 6,555 3,545 3,015
Yoruba 30 25 10 885 485 395
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 445 195 250 17,720 9,125 8,595
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 10 0 695 345 350
Dinka 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 695 345 350
Sign languages 75 15 60 7,775 3,095 4,675
American Sign Language 35 10 25 675 245 435
Quebec Sign Language 15 10 15 4,405 1,590 2,815
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 10 20 2,960 1,350 1,605
Sino-Tibetan languages 8,710 4,000 4,710 90,460 42,695 47,770
Chinese languages 8,700 3,995 4,705 90,060 42,480 47,580
Cantonese 1,745 800 940 31,885 14,900 16,980
Hakka 50 20 35 545 240 310
Mandarin 6,940 3,165 3,775 59,240 27,560 31,685
Min Dong 0 0 0 15 10 10
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 245 85 155 4,215 1,860 2,350
Wu (Shanghainese) 175 75 100 1,230 535 690
Chinese, n.o.s. 635 315 320 4,800 2,380 2,425
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 90 40 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 430 235 195
Burmese 0 0 0 140 75 60
Karenic languages 0 0 0 105 55 45
Tibetan 0 0 0 65 50 10
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 140 65 80
Tai-Kadai languages 160 90 70 7,280 3,400 3,880
Lao 75 45 30 5,785 2,850 2,935
Thai 110 55 55 2,255 875 1,375
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 15 10 10
Turkic languages 695 335 360 12,475 6,265 6,210
Azerbaijani 70 45 30 510 275 235
Turkish 610 300 310 11,415 5,755 5,665
Uyghur 25 10 15 230 110 120
Uzbek 10 0 10 230 105 125
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 235 115 120
Uralic languages 480 220 260 7,870 3,710 4,160
Estonian 10 10 0 150 55 95
Finnish 30 0 30 500 195 305
Hungarian 445 210 235 7,215 3,450 3,765
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 30 10 2,140 1,170 970
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 111,855 56,590 55,265 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 88,140 43,865 44,275 7,585,545 3,753,190 3,832,350
Canadian citizens aged under 18 12,455 6,310 6,140 1,521,230 779,620 741,610
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 75,690 37,550 38,140 6,064,310 2,973,575 3,090,740
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 23,710 12,725 10,985 379,910 188,245 191,665
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 111,855 56,590 55,260 7,965,450 3,941,440 4,024,015
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 63,945 32,045 31,895 6,788,085 3,365,345 3,422,735
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 35,775 17,665 18,105 1,091,310 530,325 560,980
Before 1981 4,970 2,510 2,455 238,655 117,080 121,575
1981 to 1990 3,660 1,875 1,785 127,340 63,150 64,190
1991 to 2000 6,635 2,985 3,645 187,860 89,210 98,650
2001 to 2010 11,215 5,600 5,620 322,280 155,785 166,495
2001 to 2005 4,590 2,235 2,355 140,170 67,835 72,335
2006 to 2010 6,625 3,370 3,255 182,115 87,945 94,165
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 9,290 4,690 4,600 215,170 105,105 110,065
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 12,130 6,875 5,255 86,065 45,765 40,295
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 35,775 17,665 18,110 1,091,305 530,325 560,980
Under 5 years 3,135 1,530 1,610 112,930 54,600 58,330
5 to 14 years 5,570 2,850 2,720 174,020 87,165 86,855
15 to 24 years 6,825 3,225 3,600 215,350 98,880 116,475
25 to 44 years 17,375 8,615 8,760 515,770 256,095 259,675
45 years and over 2,870 1,450 1,415 73,230 33,590 39,640
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 35,780 17,665 18,110 1,091,305 530,330 560,980
Americas 6,125 2,915 3,205 247,505 113,190 134,315
Brazil 560 310 250 7,345 3,515 3,830
Colombia 1,015 460 555 25,580 11,645 13,935
El Salvador 205 105 100 11,120 5,500 5,615
Guyana 40 15 30 2,490 1,085 1,410
Haiti 435 205 235 80,965 35,375 45,585
Jamaica 155 50 105 4,665 2,040 2,625
Mexico 540 240 300 15,820 7,090 8,730
Peru 195 110 90 13,265 5,945 7,325
Trinidad and Tobago 185 80 100 4,075 1,840 2,240
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,015 550 460 25,955 12,800 13,155
Other places of birth in Americas 1,775 795 980 56,235 26,370 29,870
Europe 8,840 4,470 4,375 311,090 154,910 156,185
Bosnia and Herzegovina 65 25 45 3,785 1,890 1,895
Croatia 50 15 35 2,140 1,085 1,050
France 2,875 1,670 1,205 81,225 43,490 37,735
Germany 335 165 170 9,750 4,365 5,390
Greece 145 85 65 18,420 9,135 9,285
Hungary 250 130 125 3,325 1,620 1,700
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 40 25 10 820 485 330
Italy 350 165 175 51,025 25,370 25,655
Netherlands 90 55 35 1,990 1,035 955
Poland 400 155 235 10,735 4,675 6,060
Portugal 110 50 55 18,985 9,185 9,800
Romania 735 325 410 28,695 13,695 15,005
Russian Federation 830 325 500 11,355 4,975 6,375
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 105 30 70 1,790 830 960
Ukraine 465 220 245 8,670 3,800 4,870
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 610 380 235 12,905 6,645 6,260
Other places of birth in Europe 1,405 650 755 45,500 22,630 22,870
Africa 5,675 2,940 2,735 241,410 125,250 116,165
Algeria 720 365 350 59,465 31,180 28,280
Egypt 865 505 360 19,490 10,290 9,200
Ethiopia 55 15 35 995 495 495
Kenya 30 15 15 785 355 430
Morocco 1,340 715 630 60,700 31,435 29,270
Nigeria 40 25 20 1,340 740 600
Somalia 35 15 25 580 270 310
South Africa, Republic of 35 15 20 865 475 385
Other places of birth in Africa 2,550 1,265 1,285 97,200 50,005 47,190
Asia 15,025 7,285 7,735 289,825 136,175 153,655
Afghanistan 0 10 0 7,280 3,640 3,640
Bangladesh 895 450 450 7,940 3,990 3,950
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 3,575 1,545 2,030 49,555 19,905 29,655
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 270 125 150 4,730 2,290 2,435
India 645 375 275 17,865 9,195 8,670
IranCensus data footnote 61 2,810 1,375 1,440 17,760 8,880 8,885
Iraq 275 140 130 3,735 1,960 1,775
Japan 170 65 100 1,725 395 1,330
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 515 245 270 4,230 1,995 2,230
Lebanon 1,445 875 565 39,135 20,800 18,340
Pakistan 340 175 165 10,010 5,260 4,750
Philippines 245 65 180 24,410 9,040 15,370
Sri Lanka 135 45 85 10,715 5,335 5,380
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 695 355 340 17,775 8,800 8,980
Taiwan 255 90 165 2,735 1,100 1,635
Viet Nam 545 235 305 25,440 11,765 13,675
Other places of birth in Asia 2,210 1,115 1,095 44,795 21,840 22,950
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 115 60 55 1,480 805 670
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 9,290 4,690 4,605 215,170 105,105 110,065
Americas 1,620 785 835 47,710 22,625 25,085
Brazil 310 170 140 3,010 1,495 1,520
Colombia 420 175 245 7,540 3,465 4,075
Cuba 40 15 20 2,565 1,260 1,315
Haiti 30 20 15 16,880 7,690 9,190
Jamaica 0 0 0 190 140 55
Mexico 220 85 140 4,210 1,955 2,255
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 205 145 55 3,990 2,265 1,720
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 175 85 95 1,955 935 1,020
Other places of birth in Americas 220 95 125 7,365 3,425 3,935
Europe 1,750 905 845 39,320 20,085 19,235
France 965 545 420 20,030 10,855 9,175
Germany 35 15 15 580 250 330
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 135 105 35
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 40 10 35 3,750 1,695 2,055