Census Profile, 2016 Census
Aurora--Oak Ridges--Richmond Hill [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Aurora--Oak Ridges--Richmond Hill
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Aurora--Oak Ridges--Richmond Hill [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Aurora--Oak Ridges--Richmond Hill [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 115,227 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 106,064 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 8.6 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 36,164 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,222 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,217.7 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 94.63 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 115,230 56,280 58,945 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 21,820 11,215 10,610 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 5,550 2,805 2,745 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 7,500 3,810 3,685 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 8,775 4,595 4,180 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 80,000 38,980 41,025 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 8,975 4,720 4,265 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 7,650 3,960 3,690 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 5,665 2,850 2,810 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 5,260 2,475 2,780 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 6,700 2,865 3,835 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 9,565 4,280 5,280 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 11,265 5,360 5,905 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 10,695 5,380 5,315 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 8,540 4,270 4,265 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 5,690 2,810 2,880 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 13,400 6,090 7,310 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 4,525 2,185 2,340 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,115 1,460 1,650 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,345 1,135 1,210 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 1,600 705 895 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 1,810 600 1,210 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,090 410 680 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 550 160 390 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 150 25 120 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 25 5 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.9 19.9 18.0 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 69.4 69.3 69.6 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 11.6 10.8 12.4 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 38.6 37.7 39.3 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.9 40.1 41.6 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,225 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 24,315 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 850 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,060 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,750 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 6,540 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 735 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,040 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 0 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,220 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 3,740 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 8,050 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 8,090 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 9,710 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,630 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 114,055 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 3.2 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 93,405 45,070 48,335 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 59,390 29,515 29,875 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 56,265 27,975 28,290 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 3,125 1,540 1,585 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 34,015 15,550 18,460 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 25,015 13,220 11,795 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 1,700 580 1,120 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 3,620 1,125 2,500 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 3,675 635 3,045 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 33,015 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 10,520 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 9,015 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 10,280 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,195 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 33,010 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 29,005 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 27,445 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,560 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,005 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 3,300 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 705 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 29,005 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 8,350 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 20,655 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 7,595 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 9,960 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,100 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,005 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,170 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,420 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 415 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 8,145 3,185 4,960 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,220 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 29,000 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 6,545 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 22,450 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,950 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 4,275 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 3,745 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 535 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 114,280 56,010 58,270 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 98,885 49,605 49,280 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 60 25 30 1,110 530 580
English and French 9,955 4,240 5,715 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 5,380 2,140 3,240 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 114,280 56,010 58,270 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 106,400 52,780 53,625 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,040 450 585 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 1,535 675 855 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 5,305 2,105 3,200 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,805 790 1,015 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 114,280 56,015 58,270 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 110,085 53,975 56,115 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 51,495 26,050 25,445 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 50,570 25,645 24,925 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 925 405 520 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 58,595 27,925 30,670 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 0 5 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 58,595 27,920 30,670 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,215 1,130 1,090 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 40 20 25 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 40 20 20 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 2,175 1,105 1,065 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 10 5 10 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,730 870 855 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 10 10 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 360 200 160 1,770 960 805
Maltese 25 10 10 80 40 40
Tigrigna 5 0 5 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 405 175 230 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 20 20 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 365 155 210 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,085 380 705 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 15 5 5 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 70 20 45 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 100 45 55 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 885 305 580 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 75 40 35 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 60 40 30 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 1,085 520 565 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 15 15 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 170 85 85 1,750 905 845
Tamil 800 380 420 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 95 45 50 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 27,680 13,355 14,325 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 130 65 65 1,090 560 530
Armenian 405 195 215 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 6,960 3,300 3,655 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 85 30 55 645 280 370
Latvian 45 15 30 320 145 175
Lithuanian 40 15 30 325 130 200
Slavic languages 6,880 3,270 3,605 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 15 5 10 60 30 30
Bosnian 5 5 5 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 120 60 60 1,725 805 915
Croatian 115 50 65 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 50 20 30 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 245 120 125 250 120 135
Polish 480 225 250 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 5,330 2,555 2,775 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 150 70 80 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 45 15 30 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 30 20 545 250 290
Ukrainian 260 110 155 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 5 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 5 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 745 330 420 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 30 15 15 1,435 730 705
Danish 35 15 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 160 75 90 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 0 0 0 80 30 50
German 460 205 260 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 5 5 835 410 430
Swedish 15 5 5 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 30 20 10 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 910 435 470 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 12,035 5,910 6,125 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 3,315 1,590 1,730 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 180 95 80 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 810 370 435 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 400 195 205 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 15 5 5 40 25 15
Konkani 10 5 5 225 110 110
Marathi 20 10 5 535 280 255
Nepali 25 10 15 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 300 155 155 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 265 125 145 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 150 75 75 1,455 730 725
Urdu 1,145 540 605 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 8,675 4,300 4,375 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 110 60 50 1,650 875 780
Pashto 65 35 30 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 8,495 4,205 4,295 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 15 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 6,480 3,110 3,370 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 3,600 1,780 1,825 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 540 235 310 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 1,090 515 575 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,235 575 660 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 60 40 25
Japanese 140 45 95 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 65 40 25
Georgian 10 5 5 65 40 25
Korean 2,100 985 1,110 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 200 95 110 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 30 15 25 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 5 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 5 35 15 15
Ganda 10 5 5 65 35 30
Igbo 5 5 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 0 0 0 150 70 85
Swahili 75 30 40 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 20 15 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 190 85 100
Sign languages 10 5 5 620 330 295
American Sign Language 0 0 0 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 22,600 10,710 11,890 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 22,575 10,700 11,880 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 10,150 4,875 5,275 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 145 65 85 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 11,550 5,430 6,125 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 20 10 10 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 255 115 140 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 275 125 155 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 165 75 90 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 10 5 10 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 5 0 5 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 75 30 45 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 55 20 30 800 405 400
Thai 20 5 15 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 395 210 185 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 130 75 60 495 275 225
Turkish 225 120 105 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 20 10 10 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 165 70 95
Uralic languages 505 240 270 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 45 15 30 455 195 260
Finnish 60 30 25 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 400 190 210 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 4,190 2,035 2,155 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 310 160 155 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 3,605 1,760 1,840 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 100 40 55 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 175 75 100 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 114,280 56,010 58,270 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 103,870 50,980 52,890 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 68,560 34,150 34,410 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 68,185 33,970 34,210 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 380 175 205 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 35,310 16,830 18,475 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 35,305 16,830 18,475 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,065 515 545 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 5 5 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 25 10 10 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 25 15 10 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,040 505 535 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 830 395 430 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 175 90 80 785 400 385
Maltese 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 5 0 5 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 200 85 115 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 10 620 290 330
Vietnamese 180 80 105 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 325 140 185 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 30 10 20 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 35 20 20 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 255 105 145 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 5 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 30 15 20 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 15 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 610 290 325 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 70 35 35 885 450 435
Tamil 490 225 270 1,935 965 965
Telugu 40 20 20 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 13,890 6,670 7,215 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 65 30 30 530 255 270
Armenian 215 95 115 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 4,085 1,975 2,110 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 25 15 15 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 20 10 10 90 45 50
Slavic languages 4,055 1,960 2,090 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 60 30 30 925 425 495
Croatian 20 10 10 1,795 840 955
Czech 5 0 0 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 65 30 35 120 60 60
Polish 160 80 80 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 3,565 1,725 1,840 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 50 20 30 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 435 205 235
Slovak 10 5 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10 60 25 35
Ukrainian 95 40 55 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 80 30 50 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 10 5 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 60 20 30 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 5 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 210 105 110 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 7,350 3,570 3,785 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,460 675 785 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 95 45 45 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 340 145 190 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 160 75 90 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 0 0 5 245 125 120
Nepali 15 5 10 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 120 60 60 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 95 40 55 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 30 35 595 290 305
Urdu 570 270 300 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 5,865 2,880 2,985 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 70 35 30 1,025 515 505
Pashto 35 20 15 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 5,760 2,820 2,940 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,885 865 1,020 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 630 280 355 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 110 50 65 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 545 245 295 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 595 285 305 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 45 20 30 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 15 10 10
Georgian 5 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 1,445 695 750 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 55 20 30 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 20 5 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 5 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 15 5 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 15 10 5 830 460 370
American Sign Language 5 5 0 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 17,255 8,200 9,055 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 17,250 8,200 9,055 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 7,615 3,590 4,025 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 50 25 30 670 280 390
Mandarin 9,230 4,420 4,810 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 5 5 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 20 35 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 180 85 100 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 110 50 60 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 5 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 30 10 15 1,015 435 580
Lao 20 10 15 335 160 175
Thai 0 5 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 165 80 80 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 70 40 35 185 95 90
Turkish 85 40 45 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 5 5 5 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 160 70 90 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 5 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 15 5 10 435 190 240
Hungarian 140 60 80 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 10,410 5,035 5,375 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 260 115 140 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 9,875 4,790 5,080 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 30 15 20 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 250 115 135 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 114,280 56,010 58,265 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 81,525 40,235 41,290 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 15,415 7,635 7,785 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,025 410 620 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 15,715 7,460 8,250 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 0 0 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 15,715 7,465 8,250 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 110 40 65 965 435 530
English and non-official language 285 145 140 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 200 85 110 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 92,260 44,750 47,510 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,705 41,940 44,765 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,834 41,521 28,709 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,730 41,945 44,780 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,989 37,104 26,716 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,055 39,060 40,000 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,424 43,467 29,083 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,535 25,700 33,840 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,460 645 2,338 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,250 34,160 33,095 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,729 45,868 33,219 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 92,415 44,840 47,580 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 86,820 42,060 44,765 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 55,658 67,651 44,390 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 86,835 42,070 44,765 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,062 51,955 36,645 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,280 39,150 40,130 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,178 69,863 44,804 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,625 25,905 33,720 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,016 4,255 5,600 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,345 34,135 33,210 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,899 68,976 46,514 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 92,415 44,835 47,580 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 33,545 18,790 14,755 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 66,017 72,736 59,972 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 83,551 93,464 70,928 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.7 96.1 90.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 81.2 83.7 77.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.3 3.9 9.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 92,265 44,750 47,510 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 5,555 2,805 2,750 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 86,705 41,945 44,760 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 94.0 93.7 94.2 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,045 7,335 9,710 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 14,260 6,130 8,130 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 9,145 4,030 5,115 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 6,970 3,030 3,940 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 6,460 2,810 3,645 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 5,530 2,510 3,020 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 4,505 2,215 2,285 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,920 2,065 1,855 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,635 1,975 1,655 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,585 1,915 1,665 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 11,650 7,910 3,735 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 7,330 4,720 2,610 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 4,320 3,200 1,125 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 92,260 44,750 47,510 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 5,535 2,800 2,730 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 86,730 41,950 44,780 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 94.0 93.7 94.3 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,340 7,430 9,910 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 14,790 6,370 8,420 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 10,405 4,620 5,785 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 8,380 3,640 4,740 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 7,630 3,465 4,170 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 6,225 3,005 3,220 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 5,325 2,885 2,435 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 4,875 2,670 2,205 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 11,750 7,855 3,895 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,565 2,100 1,460 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 2,150 1,390 765 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 6,035 4,360 1,670 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 92,260 44,750 47,510 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 25,010 10,595 14,420 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 67,250 34,155 33,095 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 72.9 76.3 69.7 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,165 3,705 4,460 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,695 2,555 3,140 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,815 4,175 4,640 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,260 2,915 3,340 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 5,320 2,340 2,985 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,080 2,240 2,845 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,390 2,035 2,355 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 3,745 1,850 1,895 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,370 1,805 1,570 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 16,400 10,535 5,870 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 3,165 1,760 1,405 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 3,375 1,800 1,580 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 9,860 6,975 2,885 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 35,220 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,395 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 91,021 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,745 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,719 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,080 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 31,480 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,185 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,147 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 35,255 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 137,070 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 108,528 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,740 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 72,613 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 54,366 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 31,515 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,727 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,962 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 35,220 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 535 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 335 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 465 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 620 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 750 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 940 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 940 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 980 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 940 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 895 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,910 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,725 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,780 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,780 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,850 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,765 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,230 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,565 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,035 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,940 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,220 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 590 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 345 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 470 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 670 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 800 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 995 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,085 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,055 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,105 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,135 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,200 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,230 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,320 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,375 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,180 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,655 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,865 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,690 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 7,105 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 31,250 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 114,424 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,413 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,300 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,752 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,770 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 20,685 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,865 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,494 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,495 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,344 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,837 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 31,350 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 143,449 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,955 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,390 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 135,116 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,295 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 20,735 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 157,210 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,018 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,500 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 81,503 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,353 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,365 2,405 2,955 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,690 41,451 33,728 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,048 36,339 30,713 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,285 2,260 3,020 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 63,445 68,293 59,815 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,002 51,644 45,276 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 114,060 55,945 58,110 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 42,985 20,680 22,310 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 9,650 4,695 4,960 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 8,260 3,885 4,375 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 7,860 3,720 4,135 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 8,175 3,945 4,230 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 9,040 4,435 4,610 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 71,070 35,270 35,800 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 9,660 4,755 4,915 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 11,205 5,565 5,640 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 13,290 6,605 6,685 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 16,470 8,145 8,325 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 20,445 10,205 10,240 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 114,055 55,950 58,110 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 27,375 14,135 13,240 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 6,870 3,490 3,380 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 74,255 35,965 38,285 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 12,420 5,845 6,575 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,910 6,705 7,205 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 3,900 2,055 1,840 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,010 530 485 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 8,665 4,025 4,640 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,345 625 720 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.2 12.0 12.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 14.2 14.5 13.9 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 14.7 15.2 14.3 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.7 11.2 12.1 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 10.8 10.7 11.0 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,875 5,255 5,625 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 3,050 1,620 1,435 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 785 415 370 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 7,005 3,270 3,735 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 820 365 460 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.5 9.4 9.7 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 11.1 11.5 10.8 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 11.9 10.9 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 9.4 9.1 9.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 6.6 6.2 7.0 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 114,305 56,100 58,210 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 108,990 53,945 55,050 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 108,915 53,900 55,015 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 10,120 4,290 5,830 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 69,500 33,295 36,205 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 0 0 10 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 0 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 10 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 69,500 33,295 36,200 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,920 2,115 1,800 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 105 50 55 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 10 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 95 50 45 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,820 2,070 1,755 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 15 0 15 1,755 905 855
Arabic 2,320 1,260 1,060 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 25 55 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 1,420 775 640 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 30 10 20 165 90 80
Tigrigna 10 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 660 265 395 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 20 30 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 600 240 365 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 1,275 445 830 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 15 10 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 25 10 20 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 30 20 10 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 85 20 60 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 155 70 90 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,050 360 685 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 155 80 75 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 110 60 55 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 1,475 705 760 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 40 15 20 445 210 235
Malayalam 230 105 125 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,175 565 615 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 120 70 55 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 34,515 16,715 17,810 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 175 110 65 1,135 580 555
Armenian 425 205 220 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 7,800 3,710 4,085 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 130 55 75 635 310 325
Latvian 35 20 15 310 175 140
Lithuanian 95 40 60 325 135 185
Slavic languages 7,750 3,690 4,065 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 45 25 20 205 95 110
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 90 40 55 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 185 80 100 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 30 10 20 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 285 150 135 345 180 160
Polish 535 260 275 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 6,315 3,005 3,310 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 220 110 115 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 1,240 595 645
Slovak 60 15 45 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 40 25 725 330 400
Ukrainian 600 300 300 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 20 10 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 0 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 10 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,420 650 770 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 95 55 40 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 30 15 20 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 240 120 115 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 935 415 515 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 50 15 35 1,405 730 680
Swedish 65 30 40 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 40 25 20 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 1,420 675 745 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 15,220 7,470 7,750 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 5,205 2,555 2,650 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 205 105 105 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 1,540 725 820 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,645 810 835 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 35 20 15 375 185 190
Marathi 35 15 20 1,275 650 625
Nepali 0 0 0 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 845 415 435 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 430 170 260 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 190 90 100 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 2,070 1,060 1,010 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 10,045 4,945 5,100 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 145 70 75 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 105 55 50 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 9,965 4,905 5,060 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 50 55 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 9,025 4,355 4,670 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 10 0 245 125 120
Italian 5,365 2,650 2,710 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 675 305 365 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 1,165 555 610 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 2,110 975 1,135 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 280 135 150 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 2,495 1,180 1,310 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 10 10 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 525 255 265 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 35 15 25 495 280 215
Bamanankan 30 25 10 20 10 10
Edo 30 10 15 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 25 10 10 105 60 45
Igbo 10 10 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 245 105 135 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 40 15 25 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 70 50 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 0 10 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 250 120 135
Sign languages 60 25 35 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 40 10 25 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 25,310 11,985 13,330 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 25,310 11,975 13,330 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 12,690 5,915 6,780 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 145 55 90 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 15,375 7,215 8,155 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 10 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 305 155 155 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 500 215 280 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 210 110 100 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 10 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 75 35 40 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 55 30 25 1,125 505 620
Thai 15 0 15 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 830 410 415 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 290 155 135 835 455 385
Turkish 540 250 285 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 10 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 225 125 105
Uralic languages 720 350 370 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 80 20 50 495 205 295
Finnish 105 45 60 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 540 285 265 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 114,305 56,095 58,205 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 101,915 50,460 51,450 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 25,650 13,230 12,420 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,265 37,230 39,035 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 12,390 5,640 6,755 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 114,305 56,095 58,210 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 56,830 28,705 28,125 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 56,115 26,780 29,335 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 9,035 4,440 4,595 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 7,455 3,660 3,800 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 16,060 7,685 8,375 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 16,990 8,005 8,985 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 9,690 4,620 5,075 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 7,295 3,385 3,915 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 6,570 2,995 3,575 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,360 610 750 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 56,115 26,785 29,330 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 5,010 2,570 2,435 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 9,410 4,740 4,670 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 9,750 4,555 5,200 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 25,625 11,980 13,645 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 6,315 2,935 3,380 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 56,115 26,780 29,335 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 3,205 1,530 1,680 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 75 35 45 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 200 100 100 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 40 10 30 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 355 165 195 920 415 500
Haiti 15 0 10 265 110 160
Jamaica 540 240 300 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 70 30 40 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 95 35 55 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 330 160 170 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 810 375 430 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 680 365 315 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 11,405 5,480 5,920 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 80 40 45 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 65 15 50 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 65 15 45 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 385 195 190 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 485 245 240 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 200 110 90 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 95 60 30 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,740 905 835 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 130 75 50 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 385 180 205 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 300 130 170 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 965 450 515 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 1,960 830 1,130 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 80 35 45 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 1,275 650 625 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,570 755 815 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,620 785 835 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 3,005 1,440 1,565 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 10 10 0 430 270 150
Egypt 890 440 450 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 25 10 15 1,665 835 825
Kenya 310 130 180 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 40 20 15 730 385 340
Nigeria 145 80 60 1,205 630 575
Somalia 65 30 35 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 295 150 145 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,235 575 655 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 38,410 18,280 20,130 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 820 415 410 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 105 60 45 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 12,365 5,700 6,660 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 5,595 2,705 2,895 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 1,845 910 930 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 7,240 3,550 3,685 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 505 260 250 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 85 25 65 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,870 875 990 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 260 150 115 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,235 610 630 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 1,125 425 700 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 835 380 450 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 50 25 25 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 430 205 230 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 860 350 510 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 3,185 1,640 1,545 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 90 55 35 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,570 2,995 3,570 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 330 155 175 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 35 10 25 960 445 520
Colombia 20 10 10 465 220 240
Cuba 10 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 10 0 10 160 115 45
Mexico 15 0 15 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 140 75 65 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 0 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 90 45 45 1,855 875 975
Europe 645 305 340 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 25 15 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 20 0 15 200 110