Census Profile, 2016 Census
Aurora--Oak Ridges--Richmond Hill [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Aurora--Oak Ridges--Richmond Hill
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Aurora--Oak Ridges--Richmond Hill [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Aurora--Oak Ridges--Richmond Hill [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 115,227 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 106,064 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 8.6 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 36,164 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 35,222 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,217.7 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 94.63 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 115,230 56,280 58,945 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 21,820 11,215 10,610 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 5,550 2,805 2,745 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 7,500 3,810 3,685 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 8,775 4,595 4,180 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 80,000 38,980 41,025 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 8,975 4,720 4,265 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 7,650 3,960 3,690 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 5,665 2,850 2,810 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 5,260 2,475 2,780 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 6,700 2,865 3,835 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 9,565 4,280 5,280 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 11,265 5,360 5,905 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 10,695 5,380 5,315 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 8,540 4,270 4,265 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 5,690 2,810 2,880 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 13,400 6,090 7,310 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 4,525 2,185 2,340 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 3,115 1,460 1,650 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 2,345 1,135 1,210 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 1,600 705 895 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 1,810 600 1,210 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,090 410 680 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 550 160 390 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 150 25 120 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 25 5 20 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.9 19.9 18.0 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 69.4 69.3 69.6 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 11.6 10.8 12.4 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.6 1.1 2.1 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 38.6 37.7 39.3 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 40.9 40.1 41.6 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 35,225 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 24,315 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 850 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,060 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,750 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 6,540 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 735 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,040 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 0 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 35,220 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 3,740 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 8,050 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 8,090 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 9,710 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,630 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 114,055 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 3.2 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 93,405 45,070 48,335 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 59,390 29,515 29,875 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 56,265 27,975 28,290 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 3,125 1,540 1,585 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 34,015 15,550 18,460 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 25,015 13,220 11,795 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 1,700 580 1,120 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 3,620 1,125 2,500 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 3,675 635 3,045 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 33,015 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 10,520 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 9,015 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 10,280 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,195 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.2 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 33,010 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 29,005 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 27,445 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 1,560 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,005 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 3,300 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 705 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 29,005 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 8,350 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 20,655 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 7,595 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 9,960 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 3,100 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,005 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 2,170 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,420 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 415 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 8,145 3,185 4,960 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 35,220 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 29,000 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 6,545 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 22,450 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,950 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 4,275 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 3,745 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 535 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 114,280 56,010 58,270 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 98,885 49,605 49,280 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 60 25 30 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 9,955 4,240 5,715 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 5,380 2,140 3,240 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 114,280 56,010 58,270 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 106,400 52,780 53,625 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 1,040 450 585 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 1,535 675 855 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 5,305 2,105 3,200 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,805 790 1,015 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.4 1.7 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 114,280 56,015 58,270 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 110,085 53,975 56,115 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 51,495 26,050 25,445 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 50,570 25,645 24,925 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 925 405 520 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 58,595 27,925 30,670 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 0 5 0 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 5 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 0 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 58,595 27,920 30,670 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,215 1,130 1,090 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 40 20 25 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 0 0 0 1,445 720 730
Somali 40 20 20 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 2,175 1,105 1,065 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 10 5 10 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 1,730 870 855 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 10 10 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 10 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 360 200 160 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 25 10 10 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 5 0 5 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 405 175 230 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 20 20 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 365 155 210 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,085 380 705 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 15 5 5 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 10 5 5 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 70 20 45 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 100 45 55 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 0 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 885 305 580 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 75 40 35 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 60 40 30 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 1,085 520 565 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 15 15 5 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 170 85 85 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 800 380 420 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 95 45 50 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 27,680 13,355 14,325 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 130 65 65 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 405 195 215 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 6,960 3,300 3,655 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 85 30 55 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 45 15 30 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 40 15 30 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 6,880 3,270 3,605 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 15 5 10 515 230 280
Bosnian 5 5 5 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 120 60 60 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 115 50 65 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 50 20 30 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 245 120 125 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 480 225 250 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 5,330 2,555 2,775 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 150 70 80 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 5 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 45 15 30 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 30 20 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 260 110 155 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 5 5 5 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 5 0 5 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 745 330 420 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 30 15 15 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 35 15 15 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 160 75 90 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 0 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 460 205 260 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 15 5 5 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 30 20 10 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 910 435 470 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 12,035 5,910 6,125 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 3,315 1,590 1,730 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 180 95 80 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 810 370 435 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 400 195 205 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 15 5 5 345 170 175
Konkani 10 5 5 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 20 10 5 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 25 10 15 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 300 155 155 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 265 125 145 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 150 75 75 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 1,145 540 605 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 8,675 4,300 4,375 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 110 60 50 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 65 35 30 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 8,495 4,205 4,295 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 45 25 15 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 6,480 3,110 3,370 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 5 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 3,600 1,780 1,825 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 540 235 310 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 1,090 515 575 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,235 575 660 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 420 200 215
Japanese 140 45 95 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 5 0 5 1,200 635 565
Georgian 10 5 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 2,100 985 1,110 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 5 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 200 95 110 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 30 15 25 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 5 5 0 140 60 80
Edo 0 0 0 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 5 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 365 180 185
Ga 5 0 5 600 275 325
Ganda 10 5 5 760 360 400
Igbo 5 5 0 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 0 0 0 1,455 660 790
Swahili 75 30 40 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 20 15 5 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 10 5 5 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 0 0 0 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 22,600 10,710 11,890 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 22,575 10,700 11,880 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 10,150 4,875 5,275 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 145 65 85 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 11,550 5,430 6,125 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 20 10 10 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 255 115 140 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 275 125 155 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 165 75 90 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 15 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 10 5 10 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 5 0 5 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 75 30 45 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 55 20 30 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 20 5 15 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 395 210 185 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 130 75 60 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 225 120 105 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 20 10 10 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 640 295 345
Uralic languages 505 240 270 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 45 15 30 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 60 30 25 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 400 190 210 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 4,190 2,035 2,155 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 310 160 155 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 3,605 1,760 1,840 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 100 40 55 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 175 75 100 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 114,280 56,010 58,270 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 103,870 50,980 52,890 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 68,560 34,150 34,410 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 68,185 33,970 34,210 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 380 175 205 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 35,310 16,830 18,475 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 35,305 16,830 18,475 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,065 515 545 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 5 5 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 25 10 10 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 0 0 0 805 380 425
Somali 25 15 10 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 1,040 505 535 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 0 0 0 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 830 395 430 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 5 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 175 90 80 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 5 5 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 5 0 5 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 200 85 115 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 10 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 180 80 105 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 5 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 325 140 185 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 0 0 0 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 30 10 20 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 35 20 20 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 255 105 145 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 5 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 30 15 20 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 15 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 610 290 325 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 5 0 0 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 70 35 35 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 490 225 270 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 40 20 20 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 13,890 6,670 7,215 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 65 30 30 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 215 95 115 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 4,085 1,975 2,110 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 25 15 15 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 20 10 10 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 4,055 1,960 2,090 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 0 0 0 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 60 30 30 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 20 10 10 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 5 0 0 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 65 30 35 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 160 80 80 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 3,565 1,725 1,840 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 50 20 30 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 5 0 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 10 5 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 15 5 10 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 95 40 55 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 80 30 50 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 10 5 10 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 60 20 30 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 210 105 110 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 7,350 3,570 3,785 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 1,460 675 785 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 95 45 45 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 340 145 190 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 160 75 90 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 0 0 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 15 5 10 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 120 60 60 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 95 40 55 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 30 35 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 570 270 300 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 5,865 2,880 2,985 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 70 35 30 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 35 20 15 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 5,760 2,820 2,940 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,885 865 1,020 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 630 280 355 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 110 50 65 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 545 245 295 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 595 285 305 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 45 20 30 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 5 5 5 770 420 355
Georgian 5 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 1,445 695 750 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 55 20 30 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 20 5 10 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 5 5 0 195 85 110
Igbo 5 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 15 5 5 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 0 0 0 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 425 195 225
Sign languages 15 10 5 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 5 5 0 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 17,255 8,200 9,055 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 17,250 8,200 9,055 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 7,615 3,590 4,025 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 50 25 30 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 9,230 4,420 4,810 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 5 5 5 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 55 20 35 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 180 85 100 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 110 50 60 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 0 0 0 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 5 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 30 10 15 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 20 10 15 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 0 5 0 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 165 80 80 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 70 40 35 770 385 380
Turkish 85 40 45 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 5 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 160 70 90 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 5 5 5 790 290 500
Finnish 15 5 10 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 140 60 80 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 465 245 225
Multiple responses 10,410 5,035 5,375 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 260 115 140 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 9,875 4,790 5,080 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 30 15 20 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 250 115 135 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 114,280 56,010 58,265 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 81,525 40,235 41,290 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 15,415 7,635 7,785 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,025 410 620 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 15,715 7,460 8,250 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 0 0 0 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 15,715 7,465 8,250 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 110 40 65 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 285 145 140 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 200 85 110 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 92,260 44,750 47,510 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,705 41,940 44,765 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,834 41,521 28,709 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,730 41,945 44,780 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,989 37,104 26,716 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,055 39,060 40,000 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,424 43,467 29,083 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 59,535 25,700 33,840 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,460 645 2,338 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,250 34,160 33,095 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,729 45,868 33,219 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 92,415 44,840 47,580 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 86,820 42,060 44,765 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 55,658 67,651 44,390 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 86,835 42,070 44,765 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,062 51,955 36,645 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,280 39,150 40,130 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,178 69,863 44,804 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 59,625 25,905 33,720 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,016 4,255 5,600 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 67,345 34,135 33,210 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 57,899 68,976 46,514 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 92,415 44,835 47,580 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 33,545 18,790 14,755 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 66,017 72,736 59,972 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 83,551 93,464 70,928 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 93.7 96.1 90.2 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 81.2 83.7 77.6 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 6.3 3.9 9.8 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 92,265 44,750 47,510 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 5,555 2,805 2,750 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 86,705 41,945 44,760 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 94.0 93.7 94.2 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,045 7,335 9,710 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 14,260 6,130 8,130 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 9,145 4,030 5,115 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 6,970 3,030 3,940 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 6,460 2,810 3,645 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 5,530 2,510 3,020 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 4,505 2,215 2,285 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 3,920 2,065 1,855 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,635 1,975 1,655 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 3,585 1,915 1,665 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 11,650 7,910 3,735 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 7,330 4,720 2,610 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 4,320 3,200 1,125 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 92,260 44,750 47,510 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 5,535 2,800 2,730 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 86,730 41,950 44,780 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 94.0 93.7 94.3 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,340 7,430 9,910 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 14,790 6,370 8,420 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 10,405 4,620 5,785 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 8,380 3,640 4,740 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 7,630 3,465 4,170 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 6,225 3,005 3,220 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 5,325 2,885 2,435 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 4,875 2,670 2,205 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 11,750 7,855 3,895 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 3,565 2,100 1,460 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 2,150 1,390 765 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 6,035 4,360 1,670 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 92,260 44,750 47,510 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 25,010 10,595 14,420 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 67,250 34,155 33,095 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 72.9 76.3 69.7 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,165 3,705 4,460 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,695 2,555 3,140 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 8,815 4,175 4,640 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 6,260 2,915 3,340 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 5,320 2,340 2,985 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,080 2,240 2,845 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,390 2,035 2,355 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 3,745 1,850 1,895 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 3,370 1,805 1,570 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 16,400 10,535 5,870 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 3,165 1,760 1,405 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 3,375 1,800 1,580 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 9,860 6,975 2,885 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 35,220 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 106,395 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 91,021 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 3,745 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,719 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,080 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 31,480 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,185 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 98,147 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 35,255 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 137,070 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 108,528 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 3,740 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 72,613 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 54,366 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 31,515 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 144,727 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 114,962 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 35,220 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 535 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 335 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 465 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 620 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 750 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 940 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 940 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 980 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 940 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 895 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,910 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,725 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 1,780 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 1,780 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,850 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 18,765 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,230 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,565 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,035 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,940 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 35,220 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 590 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 345 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 470 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 670 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 800 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 995 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,085 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,055 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,105 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,135 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,200 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,230 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,320 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,375 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,180 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,655 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,865 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,690 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 7,105 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 31,250 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 114,424 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,413 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 6,300 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,752 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,770 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 20,685 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 130,865 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 110,494 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 3,495 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,344 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,837 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 31,350 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 143,449 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 113,955 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 6,390 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 135,116 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 104,295 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 20,735 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 157,210 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,018 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 3,500 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 81,503 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,353 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 5,365 2,405 2,955 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,690 41,451 33,728 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,048 36,339 30,713 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 5,285 2,260 3,020 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 63,445 68,293 59,815 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 48,002 51,644 45,276 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 114,060 55,945 58,110 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 42,985 20,680 22,310 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 9,650 4,695 4,960 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 8,260 3,885 4,375 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 7,860 3,720 4,135 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 8,175 3,945 4,230 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 9,040 4,435 4,610 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 71,070 35,270 35,800 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 9,660 4,755 4,915 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 11,205 5,565 5,640 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 13,290 6,605 6,685 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 16,470 8,145 8,325 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 20,445 10,205 10,240 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 114,055 55,950 58,110 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 27,375 14,135 13,240 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 6,870 3,490 3,380 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 74,255 35,965 38,285 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 12,420 5,845 6,575 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,910 6,705 7,205 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 3,900 2,055 1,840 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,010 530 485 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 8,665 4,025 4,640 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 1,345 625 720 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.2 12.0 12.4 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 14.2 14.5 13.9 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 14.7 15.2 14.3 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 11.7 11.2 12.1 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 10.8 10.7 11.0 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,875 5,255 5,625 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 3,050 1,620 1,435 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 785 415 370 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 7,005 3,270 3,735 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 820 365 460 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.5 9.4 9.7 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 11.1 11.5 10.8 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 11.4 11.9 10.9 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.4 9.1 9.8 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 6.6 6.2 7.0 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 114,305 56,100 58,210 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 108,990 53,945 55,050 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 108,915 53,900 55,015 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 10,120 4,290 5,830 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 69,500 33,295 36,205 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 0 0 10 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 0 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 10 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 69,500 33,295 36,200 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,920 2,115 1,800 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 105 50 55 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 10 0 0 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 95 50 45 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 3,820 2,070 1,755 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 15 0 15 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 2,320 1,260 1,060 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 80 25 55 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 1,420 775 640 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 30 10 20 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 10 0 0 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 660 265 395 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 20 30 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 600 240 365 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 1,275 445 830 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 15 10 10 755 340 425
Cebuano 25 10 20 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 30 20 10 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 85 20 60 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 155 70 90 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 10 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,050 360 685 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 0 15 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 155 80 75 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 110 60 55 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 25 20 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 1,475 705 760 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 40 15 20 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 230 105 125 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 1,175 565 615 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 120 70 55 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 34,515 16,715 17,810 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 175 110 65 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 425 205 220 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 7,800 3,710 4,085 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 130 55 75 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 35 20 15 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 95 40 60 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 7,750 3,690 4,065 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 45 25 20 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 0 0 0 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 90 40 55 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 185 80 100 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 30 10 20 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 285 150 135 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 535 260 275 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 6,315 3,005 3,310 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 220 110 115 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 60 15 45 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 40 25 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 600 300 300 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 20 10 10 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 0 10 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 1,420 650 770 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 95 55 40 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 30 15 20 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 240 120 115 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 935 415 515 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 50 15 35 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 65 30 40 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 40 25 20 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,420 675 745 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 15,220 7,470 7,750 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 5,205 2,555 2,650 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 205 105 105 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 1,540 725 820 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 1,645 810 835 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 35 20 15 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 35 15 20 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 0 0 0 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 15 10 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 845 415 435 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 430 170 260 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 190 90 100 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 2,070 1,060 1,010 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 10,045 4,945 5,100 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 145 70 75 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 105 55 50 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 9,965 4,905 5,060 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 100 50 55 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 9,025 4,355 4,670 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 10 0 515 275 240
Italian 5,365 2,650 2,710 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 675 305 365 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 1,165 555 610 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 2,110 975 1,135 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 280 135 150 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 2,495 1,180 1,310 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 10 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 10 10 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 525 255 265 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 35 15 25 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 30 25 10 385 195 185
Edo 30 10 15 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 0 0 0 1,340 645 695
Ganda 25 10 10 1,225 550 675
Igbo 10 10 0 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 0 0 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 0 0 0 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 245 105 135 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 40 15 25 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 120 70 50 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 0 10 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 60 25 35 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 40 10 25 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 25,310 11,985 13,330 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 25,310 11,975 13,330 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 12,690 5,915 6,780 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 145 55 90 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 15,375 7,215 8,155 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 10 10 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 305 155 155 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 500 215 280 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 210 110 100 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 10 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 10 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 75 35 40 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 55 30 25 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 15 0 15 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 830 410 415 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 290 155 135 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 540 250 285 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 10 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 40 15 20 915 450 465
Uralic languages 720 350 370 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 80 20 50 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 105 45 60 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 540 285 265 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 114,305 56,095 58,205 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 101,915 50,460 51,450 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 25,650 13,230 12,420 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,265 37,230 39,035 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 12,390 5,640 6,755 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 114,305 56,095 58,210 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 56,830 28,705 28,125 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 56,115 26,780 29,335 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 9,035 4,440 4,595 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 7,455 3,660 3,800 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 16,060 7,685 8,375 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 16,990 8,005 8,985 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 9,690 4,620 5,075 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 7,295 3,385 3,915 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 6,570 2,995 3,575 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,360 610 750 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 56,115 26,785 29,330 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 5,010 2,570 2,435 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 9,410 4,740 4,670 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 9,750 4,555 5,200 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 25,625 11,980 13,645 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 6,315 2,935 3,380 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 56,115 26,780 29,335 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 3,205 1,530 1,680 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 75 35 45 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 200 100 100 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 40 10 30 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 355 165 195 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 15 0 10 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 540 240 300 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 70 30 40 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 95 35 55 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 330 160 170 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 810 375 430 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 680 365 315 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 11,405 5,480 5,920 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 80 40 45 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 65 15 50 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 65 15 45 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 385 195 190 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 485 245 240 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 200 110 90 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 95 60 30 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,740 905 835 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 130 75 50 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 385 180 205 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 300 130 170 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 965 450 515 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 1,960 830 1,130 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 80 35 45 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 1,275 650 625 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,570 755 815 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,620 785 835 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 3,005 1,440 1,565 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 10 10 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 890 440 450 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 25 10 15 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 310 130 180 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 40 20 15 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 145 80 60 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 65 30 35 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 295 150 145 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,235 575 655 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 38,410 18,280 20,130 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 820 415 410 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 105 60 45 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 12,365 5,700 6,660 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 5,595 2,705 2,895 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 1,845 910 930 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 7,240 3,550 3,685 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 505 260 250 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 85 25 65 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 1,870 875 990 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 260 150 115 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 1,235 610 630 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 1,125 425 700 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 835 380 450 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 50 25 25 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 430 205 230 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 860 350 510 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 3,185 1,640 1,545 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 90 55 35 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 6,570 2,995 3,570 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 330 155 175 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 35 10 25 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 20 10 10 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 10 0 0 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 0 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 10 0 10 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 15 0 15 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 140 75 65 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 0 10 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 90 45 45 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 645 305 340 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 0 0 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 25 15 10 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 10 10 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 20 0 15 880 400