Census Profile, 2016 Census
Beaches--East York [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Beaches--East York
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Beaches--East York [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Beaches--East York [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 109,468 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 107,084 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.2 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 47,849 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 45,977 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 6,579.8 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 16.64 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 109,470 52,745 56,720 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 19,185 9,735 9,455 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 6,895 3,540 3,355 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 6,550 3,245 3,305 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 5,740 2,950 2,795 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 75,950 36,715 39,230 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 5,385 2,700 2,680 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 5,760 2,915 2,850 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 6,365 3,090 3,275 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 8,145 3,815 4,335 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 8,960 4,240 4,720 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 8,760 4,220 4,540 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 8,845 4,325 4,515 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 8,945 4,360 4,585 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 8,070 3,900 4,175 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,710 3,165 3,550 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 14,335 6,295 8,035 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,085 2,440 2,645 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,300 1,525 1,780 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,380 1,020 1,365 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 1,735 720 1,010 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 1,835 605 1,225 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,155 415 735 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 545 155 390 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 105 30 75 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 35 5 30 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.5 18.5 16.7 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 69.4 69.6 69.2 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 13.1 11.9 14.2 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.7 1.1 2.2 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 39.8 38.9 40.6 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 40.5 39.9 41.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 45,975 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 12,815 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 11,710 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 21,450 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 6,595 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 1,700 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 2,265 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 10,765 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 120 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 45,975 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 14,860 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 13,800 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 7,555 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 6,840 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,915 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 108,335 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 90,280 43,015 47,265 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 48,425 24,270 24,155 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 39,955 19,970 19,980 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 8,470 4,290 4,175 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 41,855 18,745 23,105 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 28,210 14,290 13,915 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,955 1,165 1,790 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 6,625 2,460 4,170 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,065 830 3,230 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 29,610 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 13,725 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 7,315 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 6,575 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,990 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 29,610 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 23,565 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 19,330 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,235 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,045 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 5,065 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 975 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 23,565 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 9,780 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 13,780 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 5,700 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 6,195 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,885 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,045 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,945 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,615 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 485 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 22,175 10,470 11,700 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 45,975 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 28,215 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,270 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 18,945 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 685 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 17,080 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 14,860 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,220 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 108,700 52,385 56,315 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 93,050 45,840 47,210 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 120 50 75 1,110 530 580
English and French 13,120 5,600 7,520 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 2,405 895 1,515 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 108,700 52,380 56,315 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 103,350 50,135 53,215 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 2,250 1,015 1,235 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 740 360 380 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 2,370 875 1,490 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,610 1,190 1,420 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.4 2.3 2.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 108,700 52,385 56,315 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 105,405 50,835 54,575 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 75,880 37,140 38,740 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 73,755 36,185 37,575 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 2,120 955 1,170 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 29,535 13,695 15,835 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 45 20 30 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 40 20 20 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 5 5 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 5 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 5 5 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 25 10 10 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 20 10 10 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 5 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 5 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 5 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 29,490 13,675 15,805 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,555 770 785 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 5 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 130 60 70 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 40 20 15 165 95 75
Somali 95 40 55 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,420 705 710 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 515 225 290 1,140 560 585
Arabic 515 295 215 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 440 240 195
Harari 35 15 20 25 10 15
Hebrew 55 35 20 1,770 960 805
Maltese 25 15 15 80 40 40
Tigrigna 265 115 145 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 295 125 165 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 5 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 280 125 160 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 2,095 740 1,355 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 10 5 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 75 25 45 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 130 45 90 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 45 15 30 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 10 635 290 345
Pangasinan 10 5 5 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,760 620 1,140 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 10 5 10 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 5 10 830 360 470
Creole languages 60 20 35 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 30 10 20 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 25 5 20 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 980 495 485 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 35 15 20 225 115 110
Malayalam 40 25 20 1,750 905 845
Tamil 625 315 310 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 265 145 125 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 18,165 8,735 9,430 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 340 175 165 1,090 560 530
Armenian 45 25 25 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,905 1,260 1,650 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 125 55 70 645 280 370
Latvian 90 40 50 320 145 175
Lithuanian 30 15 15 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,780 1,200 1,580 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 55 25 30 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 310 145 170 1,725 805 915
Croatian 170 75 100 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 125 60 65 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 395 180 215 250 120 135
Polish 435 185 255 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 510 195 315 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 455 215 240 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 80 35 45 1,145 545 600
Slovak 55 15 40 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 5 15 545 250 290
Ukrainian 160 60 95 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 45 25 20 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 15 5 10 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,145 505 640 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 25 15 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 55 20 40 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 180 75 100 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 10 5 5 80 30 50
German 785 350 440 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 15 5 10 835 410 430
Swedish 55 20 30 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 10 10 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 2,055 1,020 1,035 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 7,785 3,975 3,810 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 6,795 3,450 3,335 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 3,595 1,840 1,750 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 390 175 215 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 380 205 175 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 15 10 10 225 110 110
Marathi 55 30 25 535 280 255
Nepali 245 125 115 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 5 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 345 185 160 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 260 115 150 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 65 25 40 1,455 730 725
Urdu 1,420 720 700 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 940 495 450 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 50 35 20 1,650 875 780
Pashto 75 50 35 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 815 420 395 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 3,850 1,770 2,080 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 1,225 575 650 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 660 290 370 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 455 210 240 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,505 680 825 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 320 105 215 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 10 5 10 65 40 25
Georgian 10 5 10 65 40 25
Korean 515 205 305 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 5 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 5 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 295 140 160 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 30 15 15 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 5 80 45 30
Ewe 5 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 0 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 10 0 5 65 35 30
Igbo 10 5 0 160 90 65
Lingala 15 5 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 30 10 20 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 5 105 45 55
Shona 15 5 10 150 70 85
Swahili 60 25 35 585 285 295
Wolof 5 0 5 30 10 20
Yoruba 15 15 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 65 25 45 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 10 0 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 5 0 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 0 0 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,155 1,835 2,320 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 4,060 1,790 2,270 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 2,620 1,190 1,430 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 65 25 40 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 1,085 450 635 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 90 35 55 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 15 15 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 175 75 95 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 95 45 50 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 20 10 10 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 60 30 30 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 75 25 50 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 10 5 10 800 405 400
Thai 60 25 40 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 315 170 145 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 495 275 225
Turkish 280 150 125 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 15 5 5 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 625 280 345 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 120 50 70 455 195 260
Finnish 80 30 50 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 430 200 225 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 3,295 1,555 1,740 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 465 225 245 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,630 1,235 1,390 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 130 65 65 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 70 30 40 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 108,700 52,380 56,315 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 102,115 49,265 52,850 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 87,035 42,160 44,880 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 85,990 41,710 44,280 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 1,045 450 595 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 15,080 7,105 7,975 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 10 0 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 5 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 5 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 15,070 7,100 7,965 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 850 400 450 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 45 20 20 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 15 5 5 80 40 35
Somali 25 10 15 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 805 380 425 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 325 140 185 535 250 290
Arabic 270 145 120 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 20 10 10 10 5 5
Hebrew 15 5 10 785 400 385
Maltese 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 165 70 95 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 140 75 75 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 620 290 330
Vietnamese 135 70 65 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 900 365 535 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 25 10 15 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 355 150 205
Ilocano 25 10 15 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 30 10 15 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 10 5 5 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 795 325 465 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 260 130 130
Creole languages 20 5 15 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 5 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 0 5 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 580 290 295 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 20 5 10 95 45 50
Malayalam 15 5 5 885 450 435
Tamil 395 190 205 1,935 965 965
Telugu 150 75 70 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 9,025 4,360 4,665 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 155 75 80 530 255 270
Armenian 20 10 10 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,205 550 655 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 35 15 15 160 75 90
Latvian 30 10 15 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 1,175 535 640 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 5 10 5 5
Bosnian 35 15 20 540 270 270
Bulgarian 185 85 100 925 425 495
Croatian 60 25 30 1,795 840 955
Czech 30 15 20 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 170 75 95 120 60 60
Polish 105 45 55 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 250 110 135 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 260 120 140 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 435 205 235
Slovak 10 5 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 45 25 15 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 145 70 80 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 10 5 5 520 250 265
Danish 10 5 0 180 90 90
Dutch 20 15 5 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 90 35 45 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 5 0 75 35 35
Swedish 15 5 15 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 820 395 425 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 5,115 2,540 2,575 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 4,570 2,270 2,295 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 2,620 1,295 1,320 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 250 100 145 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 190 100 90 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 20 10 15 245 125 120
Nepali 165 90 80 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 10 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 170 95 75 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 160 75 85 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 10 595 290 305
Urdu 965 495 470 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 520 255 260 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 25 15 10 1,025 515 505
Pashto 55 35 25 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 440 210 225 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,560 715 845 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 430 185 245 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 255 115 135 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 220 105 115 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 655 305 345 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 160 65 95 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 15 10 10
Georgian 10 5 10 15 10 10
Korean 300 130 170 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 5 0 5 160 80 85
Mongolian 5 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 85 30 55 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 5 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 5 0 35 20 15
Lingala 10 5 5 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 5 5 0 40 15 20
Swahili 15 5 15 155 60 90
Wolof 5 5 5 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 25 10 5 830 460 370
American Sign Language 15 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,500 1,135 1,360 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 2,450 1,110 1,340 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 1,535 700 840 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 35 20 15 670 280 390
Mandarin 730 330 400 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 5 5 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 10 15 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 20 10 10 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 45 55 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 55 25 25 1,630 820 810
Burmese 10 5 5 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 35 20 15 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 40 15 25 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 0 5 335 160 175
Thai 30 15 15 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 185 100 85 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 185 95 90
Turkish 170 95 80 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 40 15 25
Uralic languages 250 115 135 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 15 5 10 75 30 45
Finnish 5 5 5 435 190 240
Hungarian 225 105 120 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 6,585 3,115 3,465 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 355 175 180 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 5,995 2,840 3,155 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 75 30 40 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 160 75 90 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 108,700 52,380 56,315 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 90,315 43,790 46,520 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 6,550 3,190 3,365 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,850 770 1,075 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 9,640 4,470 5,165 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 35 20 15 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 9,605 4,450 5,155 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 50 20 25 965 435 530
English and non-official language 140 60 80 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 160 75 90 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 5 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 89,215 42,535 46,680 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,240 40,640 44,595 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,904 38,363 32,203 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 85,250 40,645 44,605 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,803 34,475 29,737 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,250 35,965 38,285 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,585 42,078 33,628 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 60,305 26,540 33,765 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,053 1,312 4,528 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,875 31,690 32,185 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,641 43,234 36,302 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 89,245 42,515 46,730 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,320 40,620 44,700 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 56,130 63,737 49,219 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 85,335 40,625 44,710 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 44,423 49,165 40,114 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,240 35,850 38,385 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 58,889 67,843 50,526 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 60,400 26,585 33,815 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,907 5,886 7,711 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,870 31,610 32,260 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,214 67,531 51,066 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 89,250 42,520 46,730 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 30,930 16,580 14,350 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 65,880 68,779 63,312 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 84,461 92,371 75,322 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 91.3 94.0 88.1 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 79.0 82.2 75.2 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 8.7 6.0 11.9 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 89,215 42,535 46,680 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 3,975 1,895 2,085 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 85,240 40,640 44,595 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.5 95.5 95.5 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,470 6,415 7,050 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 14,750 6,425 8,330 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 10,385 4,520 5,860 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 7,760 3,490 4,275 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 6,720 3,085 3,635 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 5,670 2,645 3,025 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 4,775 2,280 2,495 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,980 1,935 2,045 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 3,405 1,695 1,710 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,185 1,570 1,610 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 11,120 6,570 4,550 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 6,575 3,625 2,950 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 4,545 2,945 1,605 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 89,215 42,535 46,680 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 3,965 1,890 2,075 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 85,250 40,645 44,605 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.6 95.6 95.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,725 6,520 7,205 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 15,295 6,715 8,580 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 11,850 5,160 6,690 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 9,165 4,190 4,980 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 8,085 3,725 4,355 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 6,495 3,110 3,385 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 5,120 2,525 2,595 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 4,395 2,215 2,180 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 11,125 6,490 4,635 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,225 1,630 1,590 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,960 1,120 835 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 5,940 3,735 2,205 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 89,215 42,535 46,680 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 25,340 10,850 14,495 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 63,875 31,690 32,185 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.6 74.5 68.9 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,915 3,760 4,160 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 4,790 2,225 2,570 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 7,810 3,610 4,200 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,215 2,905 3,310 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 5,380 2,570 2,810 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,000 2,330 2,665 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,435 2,150 2,285 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 3,770 1,830 1,935 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 3,295 1,645 1,645 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 15,260 8,665 6,595 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,845 1,455 1,385 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,910 1,410 1,500 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 9,510 5,800 3,710 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 45,975 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 69,829 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,022 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 14,860 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,661 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,539 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 31,115 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,595 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,185 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 45,995 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 104,123 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 82,419 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 14,835 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,536 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 39,649 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 31,160 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 130,587 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,782 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 45,975 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 940 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,050 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,835 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,330 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,085 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,840 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,830 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,840 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,780 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,730 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,060 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,725 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,370 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,185 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,015 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,375 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,125 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,980 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,185 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 5,090 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 45,980 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 990 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,065 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,840 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,425 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,300 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,075 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,130 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,145 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,165 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,960 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,565 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,035 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,760 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,560 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,100 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 12,875 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,090 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,065 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,720 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 29,565 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,132 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,218 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 9,080 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 96,454 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 81,846 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,840 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 127,184 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 106,647 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,705 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,346 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,370 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 29,595 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 132,665 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 103,998 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,070 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 130,629 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 101,616 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 13,980 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 161,740 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,020 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,675 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,741 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,239 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 19,615 9,405 10,215 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,642 27,706 30,966 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 27,254 25,645 28,492 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 19,565 9,395 10,165 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 44,080 43,046 45,036 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,427 35,506 37,277 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 108,335 52,240 56,095 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 50,900 24,200 26,700 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 14,730 7,195 7,530 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 10,940 5,045 5,895 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 9,170 4,280 4,890 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 8,275 3,920 4,360 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 7,780 3,755 4,025 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 57,435 28,040 29,395 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 8,080 3,920 4,155 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 8,425 4,095 4,330 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 9,760 4,710 5,050 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 13,115 6,410 6,705 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 18,060 8,910 9,145 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 108,335 52,240 56,095 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 22,325 11,340 10,985 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 8,190 4,185 4,000 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 72,325 34,830 37,500 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 13,680 6,075 7,605 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 19,880 9,470 10,410 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 4,700 2,395 2,300 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,600 820 780 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 12,715 6,065 6,650 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,460 1,010 1,455 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 18.4 18.1 18.6 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 21.1 21.1 20.9 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.5 19.6 19.5 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 17.6 17.4 17.7 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 18.0 16.6 19.1 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 17,200 8,350 8,850 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 3,730 1,890 1,840 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,275 655 625 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 11,675 5,750 5,930 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,795 715 1,080 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 15.9 16.0 15.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 16.7 16.7 16.8 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 15.6 15.7 15.6 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 16.1 16.5 15.8 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 13.1 11.8 14.2 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 108,435 52,225 56,210 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 105,775 51,205 54,570 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 105,605 51,140 54,465 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 13,420 5,600 7,825 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 38,755 17,930 20,830 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 65 35 25 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 60 40 25 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 10 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 10 10 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 45 25 20 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 40 25 15 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 10 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 0 10 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 10 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 38,700 17,895 20,805 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,100 980 1,125 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 10 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 195 70 125 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 45 15 25 190 110 80
Somali 150 55 95 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,935 920 1,015 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 680 300 380 1,755 905 855
Arabic 875 430 445 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 80 40 35 55 35 20
Hebrew 105 45 60 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 35 20 15 165 90 80
Tigrigna 295 140 155 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 320 145 180 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 320 140 180 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 2,755 980 1,775 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 20 10 10 495 205 285
Cebuano 110 45 60 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 35 10 20 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 115 30 80 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 10 10 0 0
Malay 115 40 80 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,540 910 1,630 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 120 45 80 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 80 25 55 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 15 25 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 1,340 725 615 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 120 70 45 445 210 235
Malayalam 40 15 25 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 760 400 365 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 480 285 200 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 24,835 11,835 12,995 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 400 190 220 1,135 580 555
Armenian 55 25 25 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 3,445 1,525 1,915 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 120 45 75 635 310 325
Latvian 100 45 55 310 175 140
Lithuanian 20 0 15 325 135 185
Slavic languages 3,320 1,480 1,845 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 0 10 205 95 110
Bosnian 110 45 65 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 360 185 175 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 190 105 85 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 185 80 105 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 540 255 290 345 180 160
Polish 590 215 375 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 785 345 440 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 540 265 270 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 75 35 35 1,240 595 645
Slovak 85 20 70 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 20 15 725 330 400
Ukrainian 200 65 135 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 15 0 250 120 125
Celtic languages 80 30 55 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 30 10 15 350 225 120
Welsh 25 10 20 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,945 940 1,000 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 105 55 55 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 95 45 45 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 240 100 140 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 0 10 120 55 65
German 1,435 715 715 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 10 215 110 100
Norwegian 25 0 20 1,405 730 680
Swedish 80 30 50 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 20 20 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 3,370 1,610 1,760 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 9,700 4,990 4,715 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 8,670 4,450 4,215 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 4,500 2,385 2,115 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 640 255 385 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,640 850 795 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 20 10 20 375 185 190
Marathi 60 35 35 1,275 650 625
Nepali 265 115 150 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 55 30 25 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 570 335 235 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 360 165 200 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 100 45 55 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 2,265 1,145 1,120 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 1,090 575 515 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 65 35 25 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 130 85 45 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 935 480 450 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 6,820 2,985 3,835 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 2,190 1,025 1,165 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 1,000 415 580 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 595 280 315 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 3,415 1,420 1,995 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 535 195 340 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 10 10 10 90 50 40
Georgian 10 10 10 90 50 45
Korean 585 230 350 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 20 10 10 320 155 170
Mongolian 20 10 10 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 740 360 380 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 30 20 10 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 10 0 10 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 10 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 45 25 20 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 20 10 15 105 60 45
Igbo 10 0 10 240 140 95
Lingala 90 45 45 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 35 20 15 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 10 10 210 95 115
Shona 20 0 15 265 125 140
Swahili 300 165 140 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 20 10 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 25 15 10 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 210 110 100 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 10 10 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 10 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 180 55 125 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 155 40 120 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,840 2,175 2,670 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 4,745 2,130 2,615 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 3,035 1,370 1,665 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 110 45 65 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 1,800 785 1,015 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 155 65 90 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 25 10 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 180 80 105 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 105 45 65 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 25 10 15 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 85 35 50 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 90 40 45 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 0 0 0 1,125 505 620
Thai 85 40 50 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 500 255 240 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 30 15 15 835 455 385
Turkish 475 255 225 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 845 400 450 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 120 55 65 495 205 295
Finnish 100 30 65 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 645 320 320 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 25 15 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 108,435 52,225 56,210 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 97,585 46,970 50,615 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 20,885 10,475 10,415 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 76,700 36,500 40,195 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 10,850 5,250 5,600 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 108,435 52,225 56,210 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 71,730 35,200 36,540 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 34,655 15,915 18,735 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 10,305 4,615 5,685 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 4,110 1,780 2,330 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 6,185 2,765 3,420 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 8,495 4,030 4,470 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 3,935 1,845 2,090 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 4,565 2,185 2,380 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 5,565 2,735 2,825 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,050 1,110 940 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 34,655 15,920 18,735 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 3,580 1,640 1,935 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 6,070 3,025 3,045 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 6,875 2,895 3,980 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 15,260 7,030 8,225 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 2,875 1,330 1,545 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 34,655 15,920 18,740 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 5,725 2,480 3,250 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 190 95 90 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 95 50 50 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 70 45 25 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 660 260 400 920 415 500
Haiti 45 15 30 265 110 160
Jamaica 885 385 495 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 190 70 120 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 105 40 65 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 745 310 435 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,435 640 795 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,310 565 745 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 10,335 4,820 5,510 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 235 105 130 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 140 90 60 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 215 110 100 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 530 250 280 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 1,260 555 710 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 420 195 220 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 290 140 155 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 815 375 440 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 155 45 105 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 355 125 230 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 285 120 170 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 465 225 240 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 285 110 180 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 220 120 105 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 115 35 80 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,910 1,495 1,415 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,640 735 905 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 2,700 1,300 1,390 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 50 35 20 430 270 150
Egypt 125 65 60 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 550 250 305 1,665 835 825
Kenya 165 85 80 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 80 35 45 730 385 340
Nigeria 115 60 60 1,205 630 575
Somalia 125 50 80 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 215 130 90 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,270 605 660 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 15,670 7,200 8,470 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 320 175 140 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 3,430 1,760 1,670 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 2,065 905 1,165 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 645 305 340 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 1,425 735 690 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 460 240 220 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 50 25 30 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 175 40 135 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 350 135 220 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 80 45 40 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,570 785 780 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 2,455 900 1,550 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 520 245 270 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 75 35 40 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 130 40 90 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 510 200 305 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,405 630 775 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 230 115 110 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 5,560 2,735 2,830 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 605 315 290 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 60 25 30 960 445 520
Colombia 45 30 15 465 220 240
Cuba 15 10 10 70 35 30
Haiti 10 0 10 15 0 10
Jamaica 45 25 20 160 115 45
Mexico 60 30 30 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 170 95 75 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 15 10 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 190 90 95 1,855 875 975
Europe 845 435 405 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 45 35 15 790 415 370
Germany 40 25 15 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 60 35 30 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 15 15 0 200 110 90
Romania