Census Profile, 2016 Census
Brampton East [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Brampton East
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Brampton East [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Brampton East [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 122,000 ... ... 13,448,494 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 99,712 ... ... 12,851,821 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 22.4 ... ... 4.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 28,483 ... ... 5,598,391 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 27,720 ... ... 5,169,174 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,437.0 ... ... 14.8 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 84.90 ... ... 908,699.33 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 122,000 61,150 60,855 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 26,890 14,245 12,645 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 7,730 4,140 3,585 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 9,490 4,950 4,540 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 9,670 5,150 4,515 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 83,110 41,160 41,950 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 9,690 5,055 4,630 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 8,890 4,635 4,255 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 8,085 4,040 4,040 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 8,445 3,920 4,530 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 9,510 4,305 5,205 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 9,905 4,725 5,185 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 9,045 4,580 4,465 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 7,780 3,975 3,810 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 6,490 3,355 3,135 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 5,270 2,570 2,700 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 12,000 5,745 6,255 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 4,705 2,280 2,420 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 3,120 1,535 1,585 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 2,105 1,030 1,075 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 1,180 555 630 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 895 345 550 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 575 240 335 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 230 75 160 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 70 20 50 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 15 5 10 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 22.0 23.3 20.8 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 68.1 67.3 68.9 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 9.8 9.4 10.3 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 0.7 0.6 0.9 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 35.1 34.4 35.7 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 34.4 33.4 35.3 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 27,720 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Single-detached house 19,005 ... ... 2,807,380 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 270 ... ... 886,705 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 8,450 ... ... 1,460,200 ... ...
Semi-detached house 4,435 ... ... 289,975 ... ...
Row house 2,115 ... ... 460,425 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,645 ... ... 176,080 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 255 ... ... 522,810 ... ...
Other single-attached house 5 ... ... 10,910 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0 ... ... 14,890 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 27,720 ... ... 5,169,170 ... ...
1 person 1,185 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
2 persons 3,035 ... ... 1,693,525 ... ...
3 persons 4,205 ... ... 834,260 ... ...
4 persons 7,785 ... ... 796,320 ... ...
5 or more persons 11,505 ... ... 503,775 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 121,635 ... ... 13,242,160 ... ...
Average household size 4.4 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 95,110 46,905 48,205 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 60,420 30,215 30,205 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 58,540 29,270 29,270 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 1,880 945 935 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 34,690 16,690 18,000 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 26,905 14,460 12,440 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 1,640 625 1,005 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 2,215 815 1,400 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 3,930 780 3,155 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 32,985 ... ... 3,782,540 ... ...
2 persons 9,295 ... ... 1,815,000 ... ...
3 persons 7,120 ... ... 844,545 ... ...
4 persons 11,430 ... ... 792,435 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,140 ... ... 330,560 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.4 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 32,980 ... ... 3,782,545 ... ...
Total couple families 28,995 ... ... 3,137,570 ... ...
Married couples 28,055 ... ... 2,684,735 ... ...
Common-law couples 940 ... ... 452,840 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 3,990 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
Female parent 3,200 ... ... 518,480 ... ...
Male parent 785 ... ... 126,495 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 28,995 ... ... 3,137,565 ... ...
Couples without children 7,455 ... ... 1,428,575 ... ...
Couples with children 21,535 ... ... 1,708,995 ... ...
1 child 5,775 ... ... 658,305 ... ...
2 children 10,875 ... ... 738,710 ... ...
3 or more children 4,890 ... ... 311,975 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 3,990 ... ... 644,975 ... ...
1 child 1,840 ... ... 386,425 ... ...
2 children 1,340 ... ... 186,240 ... ...
3 or more children 805 ... ... 72,310 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 8,795 3,780 5,020 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 27,720 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
One-census-family households 20,275 ... ... 3,481,885 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 2,455 ... ... 1,311,575 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 17,825 ... ... 2,170,315 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 5,895 ... ... 145,615 ... ...
Non-census-family households 1,550 ... ... 1,541,665 ... ...
One-person households 1,185 ... ... 1,341,305 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 365 ... ... 200,365 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 121,670 61,040 60,630 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 107,170 55,345 51,825 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 45 20 25 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 5,400 2,360 3,045 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 9,055 3,315 5,740 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 121,670 61,035 60,630 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 111,280 57,095 54,190 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 385 185 200 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 1,045 490 550 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 8,960 3,275 5,690 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 905 425 475 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.7 0.7 0.8 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 121,670 61,035 60,630 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 114,350 57,365 56,990 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 41,520 21,115 20,405 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 41,170 20,950 20,225 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 345 165 185 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 72,830 36,245 36,585 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 5 5 0 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 0 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 72,830 36,245 36,585 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,985 1,495 1,490 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 390 185 205 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 35 20 15 1,445 720 730
Somali 360 170 185 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 2,585 1,305 1,280 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 45 25 20 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 855 450 405 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,285 640 650 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 220 105 115 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 15 10 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 0 0 0 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 50 25 25 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 25 15 15 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 80 40 40 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 865 435 430 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 65 30 35 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 795 405 390 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,050 440 615 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 5 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 25 10 10 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 0 0 5 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 75 30 45 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 15 10 10 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 5 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 900 375 525 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 85 50 40 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 60 30 30 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 5,535 2,675 2,860 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 55 20 30 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 510 245 265 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 4,735 2,295 2,440 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 230 110 120 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 59,630 29,875 29,755 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 30 10 15 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 85 40 50 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 570 260 310 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 5 5 0 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 0 0 0 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 0 0 5 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 570 260 310 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 15 5 5 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 10 5 10 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 55 25 25 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 25 10 15 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 45 25 20 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 215 95 115 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 90 35 50 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 25 10 15 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 35 10 20 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 25 15 15 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 30 15 20 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 0 0 0 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 110 55 55 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 0 0 0 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 0 0 0 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 25 10 15 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 80 40 40 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 0 0 0 940 405 540
Swedish 5 0 0 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 100 55 45 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 54,970 27,625 27,340 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 53,915 27,095 26,820 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 425 205 215 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 6,070 3,015 3,055 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 3,555 1,755 1,795 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 10 0 5 345 170 175
Konkani 25 10 15 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 130 70 60 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 50 20 30 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 40,445 20,430 20,025 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 100 55 50 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 170 85 90 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 2,925 1,450 1,475 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,015 510 505 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 20 10 10 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 120 60 65 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 875 440 435 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 3,765 1,830 1,930 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 1,740 890 850 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 630 300 325 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 50 20 25 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 1,350 615 735 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 420 200 215
Japanese 10 0 5 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Georgian 0 0 0 1,200 635 565
Korean 35 15 20 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 1,390 670 720 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 895 435 465 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 35 15 20 1,140 475 670
Ewe 10 5 10 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 30 10 20 600 275 325
Ganda 15 5 10 760 360 400
Igbo 65 30 35 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 5 0 0 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 1,330 545 785
Shona 5 5 0 1,455 660 790
Swahili 35 20 20 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 210 110 105 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 75 35 35 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 15 5 5 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 5 0 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 945 450 495 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 925 435 485 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 510 250 265 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 15 5 10 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 290 130 155 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 5 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 80 45 40 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 5 10 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 10 10 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 15 5 5 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 140 65 75 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 130 60 65 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 10 0 10 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 5 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 55 30 25 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 55 30 20 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 0 0 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 640 295 345
Uralic languages 50 25 30 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 5 0 0 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 5 0 0 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 40 20 25 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 35 15 20 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 7,320 3,675 3,640 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 130 45 90 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 7,015 3,550 3,465 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 45 20 30 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 125 60 65 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 121,665 61,040 60,630 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 100,870 50,480 50,390 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 53,645 27,125 26,515 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 53,470 27,040 26,430 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 170 85 85 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 47,230 23,350 23,875 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 47,230 23,350 23,880 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,625 805 820 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 170 85 85 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 15 5 5 805 380 425
Somali 155 75 80 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 1,455 725 730 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 20 10 10 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 465 235 230 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 785 390 395 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 115 60 60 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 5 0 5 555 250 305
Hebrew 5 0 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 10 5 0 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 5 0 0 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 535 270 265 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 20 25 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 495 250 240 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 410 195 215 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 20 10 5 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 30 10 15 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 0 0 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 5 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 360 175 190 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 50 30 25 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 35 20 15 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 3,755 1,780 1,980 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 25 10 15 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 285 130 155 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 3,290 1,560 1,725 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 145 70 80 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 39,520 19,650 19,870 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 5 5 5 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 40 15 25 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 260 125 130 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 0 0 0 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 0 0 0 860 350 515
Lithuanian 0 0 0 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 255 125 135 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 5 0 0 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 0 5 0 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 20 10 10 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 15 5 10 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 15 10 5 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 95 45 45 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 45 20 25 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 10 5 10 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 25 15 10 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 5 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 20 15 10 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 10 5 5 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 0 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 0 0 0 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 10 0 0 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 20 10 10 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 37,865 18,860 19,005 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 37,280 18,570 18,715 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 295 145 155 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 3,980 1,940 2,035 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 1,855 900 955 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 5 65 30 35
Konkani 0 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 75 40 30 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 50 20 25 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 10 5 10 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 29,030 14,525 14,500 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 55 30 25 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 40 50 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 1,835 910 925 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 575 285 285 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 5 0 0 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 55 30 25 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 515 255 255 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 1,315 630 690 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 475 235 245 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 185 100 95 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 20 10 15 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 630 290 345 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 5 0 5 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 0 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 20 10 10 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 515 240 280 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 385 180 205 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 5 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 5 0 5 175 80 100
Ganda 10 5 5 195 85 110
Igbo 10 0 5 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 0 0 0 455 210 245
Swahili 15 5 10 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 70 35 40 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 15 10 5 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 5 0 0 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 650 305 340 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 635 300 335 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 350 165 185 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 10 5 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 220 105 115 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 45 20 25 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 0 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 5 5 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 5 5 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 0 0 0 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 70 30 40 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 65 30 35 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 5 0 0 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 30 15 15 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 30 15 15 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 0 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 0 0 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 10 5 5 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 0 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 10 5 5 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 465 245 225
Multiple responses 20,795 10,560 10,235 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 165 65 100 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 20,305 10,345 9,965 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 30 20 20 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 290 140 155 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 121,665 61,035 60,630 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 84,525 42,030 42,490 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 18,775 9,845 8,935 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 410 180 230 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 17,415 8,710 8,705 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 5 5 0 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 17,415 8,710 8,705 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 60 30 30 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 405 210 190 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 80 35 45 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 94,755 46,785 47,970 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,005 43,560 44,445 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,667 29,447 22,916 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,010 43,560 44,450 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 24,441 27,422 21,939 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 74,900 38,695 36,210 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,705 32,159 23,747 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,610 28,730 36,880 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 1,723 726 3,547 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,450 35,855 32,600 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,647 31,856 25,558 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 94,610 46,725 47,890 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,850 43,580 44,265 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,676 40,104 31,316 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,855 43,580 44,275 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,886 34,143 27,680 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 74,710 38,675 36,035 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,144 42,154 31,767 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,220 28,625 36,590 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,505 4,104 6,600 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,325 35,865 32,460 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,543 41,793 32,847 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 94,610 46,725 47,890 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 30,605 17,910 12,690 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 45,820 48,829 43,058 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 53,760 56,747 49,542 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 88.7 93.4 82.6 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 82.3 86.4 77.1 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 11.3 6.6 17.4 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 94,755 46,780 47,970 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 6,750 3,225 3,525 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 88,005 43,560 44,445 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 92.9 93.1 92.7 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 17,995 7,940 10,055 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 18,495 8,300 10,190 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 12,130 5,775 6,355 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 10,040 4,725 5,320 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 8,055 3,855 4,200 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 5,925 3,175 2,745 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 4,175 2,505 1,670 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 3,095 1,955 1,135 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 2,235 1,405 830 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 1,840 1,085 755 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 4,020 2,830 1,190 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 3,025 2,065 965 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 995 760 235 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 94,755 46,785 47,975 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 6,745 3,220 3,520 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 88,010 43,560 44,450 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 92.9 93.1 92.7 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,105 7,985 10,115 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 19,300 8,745 10,555 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 13,860 6,545 7,315 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 11,540 5,555 5,980 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 8,900 4,530 4,370 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 5,680 3,360 2,320 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 3,830 2,400 1,430 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 2,745 1,655 1,090 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 4,055 2,785 1,270 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 1,610 1,015 595 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 845 590 255 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 1,605 1,180 420 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 94,755 46,785 47,975 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 26,305 10,930 15,375 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 68,450 35,855 32,595 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 72.2 76.6 67.9 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,675 3,500 4,175 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 6,455 2,765 3,685 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 11,510 5,870 5,640 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 9,625 4,830 4,795 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 8,055 3,885 4,175 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 6,565 3,270 3,300 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,980 2,810 2,175 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 3,625 2,280 1,345 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 2,800 1,815 985 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 7,155 4,835 2,325 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 1,990 1,265 720 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 1,675 1,010 665 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 3,490 2,560 935 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 27,720 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 100,296 ... ... 74,287 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 89,266 ... ... 65,285 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 1,185 ... ... 1,341,300 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 48,213 ... ... 36,900 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,813 ... ... 33,219 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 26,535 ... ... 3,827,875 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,578 ... ... 90,967 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 91,361 ... ... 79,528 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 27,705 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 113,121 ... ... 97,856 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 97,944 ... ... 80,322 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 1,195 ... ... 1,341,115 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 51,376 ... ... 49,571 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,954 ... ... 40,830 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 26,505 ... ... 3,828,060 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 115,914 ... ... 114,773 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,430 ... ... 94,157 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 27,720 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 140 ... ... 86,720 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 95 ... ... 70,245 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 145 ... ... 134,395 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 230 ... ... 185,245 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 285 ... ... 200,770 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 390 ... ... 189,450 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 500 ... ... 202,580 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 655 ... ... 207,180 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 765 ... ... 206,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 840 ... ... 202,015 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 1,820 ... ... 388,820 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 1,875 ... ... 363,580 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,045 ... ... 335,770 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,095 ... ... 309,105 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,915 ... ... 282,740 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,915 ... ... 1,803,955 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,430 ... ... 560,090 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,340 ... ... 394,570 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,700 ... ... 449,885 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,445 ... ... 399,410 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 27,720 ... ... 5,169,175 ... ...
Under $5,000 155 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 95 ... ... 71,480 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 150 ... ... 136,550 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 250 ... ... 192,920 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 300 ... ... 222,605 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 415 ... ... 211,440 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 560 ... ... 232,755 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 750 ... ... 244,335 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 925 ... ... 247,645 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,005 ... ... 241,965 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,165 ... ... 463,170 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,355 ... ... 422,695 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,515 ... ... 388,720 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,385 ... ... 342,330 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,310 ... ... 290,720 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,370 ... ... 1,367,630 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,565 ... ... 539,915 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,035 ... ... 334,420 ... ...
$150,000 and over 3,770 ... ... 493,295 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 26,820 ... ... 3,689,580 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 99,672 ... ... 91,089 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 88,819 ... ... 79,531 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 4.4 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 2,485 ... ... 1,280,890 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 74,061 ... ... 81,459 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,296 ... ... 71,237 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 20,755 ... ... 1,716,115 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 105,752 ... ... 115,381 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 94,237 ... ... 99,205 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.9 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 2,655 ... ... 584,180 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 69,301 ... ... 54,363 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,130 ... ... 50,317 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 3.4 ... ... 2.7 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 26,865 ... ... 3,689,080 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 112,519 ... ... 115,328 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,440 ... ... 94,410 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 2,615 ... ... 1,280,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,951 ... ... 104,425 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,945 ... ... 84,952 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 20,620 ... ... 1,717,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 118,923 ... ... 140,590 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 103,221 ... ... 114,144 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 2,690 ... ... 581,945 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 79,905 ... ... 67,748 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 70,859 ... ... 58,742 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 3,085 1,755 1,325 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 28,936 30,387 27,456 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 26,863 28,416 25,504 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 3,075 1,845 1,230 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 36,189 38,506 32,728 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,175 32,807 28,735 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 121,635 61,020 60,615 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 62,245 31,155 31,085 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 6,610 3,340 3,270 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 11,305 5,665 5,640 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 13,970 6,910 7,060 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 15,225 7,600 7,630 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 15,130 7,640 7,490 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 59,390 29,865 29,525 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 14,765 7,385 7,380 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 14,355 7,185 7,170 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 11,875 6,025 5,850 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 11,075 5,585 5,495 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 7,325 3,695 3,630 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 121,635 61,020 60,615 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 32,650 17,255 15,395 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 9,480 5,040 4,445 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 77,260 38,105 39,155 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 11,720 5,665 6,060 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 11,310 5,650 5,660 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 4,335 2,270 2,070 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,350 720 630 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 6,300 3,055 3,245 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 675 330 350 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 9.3 9.3 9.3 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 13.3 13.2 13.4 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 14.2 14.3 14.2 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 8.2 8.0 8.3 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 5.8 5.8 5.8 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 8,615 4,330 4,285 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 3,010 1,580 1,430 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 990 560 430 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 5,115 2,530 2,585 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 485 215 270 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 7.1 7.1 7.1 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 9.2 9.2 9.3 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 10.4 11.1 9.7 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 6.6 6.6 6.6 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 4.1 3.8 4.5 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 121,485 60,910 60,575 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 112,370 57,520 54,850 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 112,325 57,490 54,830 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 5,315 2,305 3,005 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 89,930 44,815 45,110 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 0 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 89,930 44,815 45,110 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,945 1,955 1,985 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 565 265 300 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 20 10 20 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 540 260 285 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 3,340 1,685 1,660 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 120 60 65 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 1,940 980 960 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 1,610 835 780 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 275 130 140 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 25 10 15 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 10 0 10 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 50 15 35 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 65 30 35 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 150 75 80 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 55 15 40 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,050 480 570 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 55 15 45 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 995 470 525 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 1,425 625 800 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 10 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 95 50 45 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 10 10 10 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 85 25 60 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 70 35 35 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 45 15 30 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,305 575 735 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 10 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 310 150 160 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 15 10 0 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 170 80 90 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 125 55 65 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 7,125 3,475 3,650 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 160 65 95 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 645 300 340 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 6,195 3,030 3,165 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 265 145 115 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 73,210 36,765 36,445 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 60 30 25 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 160 60 95 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 575 255 320 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 10 0 0 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 0 0 0 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 10 0 0 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 570 250 315 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 0 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 25 10 15 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 10 10 0 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 40 25 15 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 15 10 10 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 65 30 35 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 160 60 100 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 160 70 90 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 30 20 10 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 0 0 0 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 35 10 25 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 10 20 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 80 40 40 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 0 0 0 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 255 135 120 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 10 0 10 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 10 10 0 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 35 15 15 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 10 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 165 95 75 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 20 15 10 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 10 0 10 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 10 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 0 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 140 80 65 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 66,915 33,765 33,150 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 65,810 33,240 32,570 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 460 215 250 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 7,755 3,860 3,895 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 19,070 9,435 9,635 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 25 15 15 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 320 165 160 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 85 35 50 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 50,390 25,675 24,715 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 130 55 80 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 430 215 210 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 5,285 2,710 2,575 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,215 590 625 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 45 25 20 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 150 85 70 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,065 505 560 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 120 60 65 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 5,390 2,590 2,800 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 2,540 1,320 1,220 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 745 365 380 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 40 15 20 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 2,255 1,000 1,250 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 20 10 10 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 1,555 775 780
Georgian 0 0 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 25 10 20 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 2,250 1,060 1,185 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 1,305 610 700 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 75 50 25 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 0 0 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 85 40 45 1,340 645 695
Ganda 10 10 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 205 100 105 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 20 10 15 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 0 0 0 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 80 50 30 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 455 210 245 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 50 55 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 55 20 30 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 30 10 20 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,155 620 540 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 1,125 595 530 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 695 360 330 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 10 0 0 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 420 225 190 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 130 75 60 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 10 10 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 30 20 10 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 25 15 10 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 0 0 0 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 275 140 135 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 260 125 135 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 40 20 20 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 155 80 70 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 150 75 70 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 0 0 0 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 50 0 45 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 0 0 10 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 10 0 10 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 40 10 40 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 65 40 20 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 121,485 60,910 60,575 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 103,635 52,435 51,200 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 31,355 16,440 14,915 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 72,275 35,995 36,285 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 17,855 8,475 9,380 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 121,485 60,910 60,575 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 48,175 24,975 23,200 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 71,510 35,015 36,500 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 7,380 3,655 3,725 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 10,050 5,065 4,985 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 22,515 11,075 11,435 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 23,500 11,370 12,125 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 13,490 6,485 7,005 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 10,005 4,880 5,120 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 8,070 3,850 4,225 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,795 920 875 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 71,515 35,015 36,500 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 4,560 2,420 2,140 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 9,190 4,785 4,405 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 20,155 8,720 11,435 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 26,650 14,210 12,440 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 10,965 4,885 6,085 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 71,515 35,015 36,495 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 10,340 4,795 5,540 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 30 0 30 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 65 15 50 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 295 150 145 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 3,490 1,625 1,865 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 55 40 15 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 3,440 1,550 1,890 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 75 35 35 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 85 30 65 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,035 480 560 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 505 270 235 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,260 605 655 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 3,260 1,585 1,675 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20 10 15 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 25 10 15 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 15 15 10 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 90 55 35 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 70 40 30 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 20 0 25 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 20 15 10 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,260 645 620 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 15 15 0 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 125 50 70 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 395 210 180 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 35 10 25 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 25 15 10 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 10 10 0 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 70 35 35 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 780 335 445 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 295 115 175 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 3,195 1,560 1,630 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 0 0 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 55 25 30 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 120 55 60 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 220 125 95 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 0 0 0 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 865 410 450 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 305 140 170 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 70 35 30 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,565 775 790 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 54,540 26,995 27,545 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 735 350 390 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 270 120 145 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 295 140 150 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 155 90 60 108,030 50,945 57,090
India 40,285 19,960 20,330 360,540 179,950 180,590
IranCensus data footnote 61 100 70 30 86,810 43,445 43,360
Iraq 1,925 995 930 50,390 25,280 25,115
Japan 10 0 10 8,145 2,550 5,585
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 20 0 15 57,085 26,660 30,425
Lebanon 105 45 65 34,545 18,145 16,405
Pakistan 3,020 1,540 1,485 142,265 71,925 70,345
Philippines 1,355 605 750 231,760 93,730 138,030
Sri Lanka 4,135 2,050 2,080 109,855 53,640 56,215
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 60 25 35 22,680 11,405 11,270
Taiwan 60 30 30 17,840 7,775 10,065
Viet Nam 840 410 430 80,525 36,545 43,985
Other places of birth in Asia 1,175 565 615 169,555 84,400 85,160
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 185 75 110 12,330 6,330 5,990
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 8,070 3,850 4,225 472,170 223,720 248,450
Americas 615 335 280 60,700 29,005 31,700
Brazil 10 0 10 3,180 1,505 1,675
Colombia 10 0 10 4,520 2,005 2,520
Cuba 0 0 0 1,950 910 1,045
Haiti 0 0 0 2,575 1,140 1,435
Jamaica 240 155 90 8,935 4,840 4,090
Mexico 20 10 10 5,670 2,745 2,925
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 110 65 45 14,635 7,225 7,405
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 2,460 1,120 1,340
Other places of birth in Americas 210 100 115 16,775 7,510 9,265
Europe 130 60 70 45,295 22,250 23,045
France 0 0 0 2,010 1,025 985
Germany 15 10 10 1,695 885 805
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,900 1,185 715
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 880 400 480
Romania 0 0