Census Profile, 2016 Census
Durham [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Durham
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Durham [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Durham [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 130,872 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 115,395 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 13.4 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 47,106 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 45,721 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 150.5 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 869.61 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 130,870 64,275 66,595 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 25,180 12,910 12,275 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 8,050 4,100 3,945 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 8,625 4,445 4,185 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 8,510 4,360 4,150 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 87,510 43,040 44,470 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 8,910 4,470 4,440 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 8,350 4,350 4,000 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 7,355 3,655 3,705 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 8,605 4,155 4,450 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 9,040 4,360 4,680 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 9,030 4,385 4,645 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 9,260 4,420 4,840 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 10,725 5,215 5,515 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 9,060 4,575 4,490 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 7,165 3,450 3,710 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 18,185 8,325 9,855 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 6,155 2,955 3,205 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 4,465 2,175 2,295 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,140 1,450 1,695 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,220 1,020 1,210 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,195 735 1,460 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,350 495 855 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 655 195 455 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 170 40 130 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 20 5 15 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 19.2 20.1 18.4 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 66.9 67.0 66.8 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 13.9 13.0 14.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.7 1.1 2.2 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 38.8 38.0 39.5 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 38.9 38.0 39.7 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 45,720 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 36,500 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 430 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 8,765 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,600 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 3,965 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,095 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,055 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 55 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 30 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 45,720 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 7,760 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 14,765 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 8,355 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 9,490 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 5,350 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 129,540 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.8 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 105,690 51,365 54,320 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 65,850 32,890 32,965 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 55,825 27,885 27,940 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 10,025 5,005 5,025 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 39,840 18,475 21,360 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 26,545 14,190 12,355 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 3,095 1,210 1,880 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 5,275 2,045 3,230 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,930 1,035 3,900 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 38,375 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 16,715 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 8,510 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 9,410 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,740 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 38,370 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 32,505 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 27,500 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,005 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,865 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 4,540 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,325 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 32,510 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 13,375 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 19,130 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 6,680 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 8,875 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,580 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,865 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 3,340 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,830 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 700 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 13,260 6,195 7,065 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 45,720 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 35,580 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 12,220 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 23,360 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,370 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 8,775 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 7,760 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,010 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 129,765 63,910 65,855 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 119,525 59,555 59,965 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 60 25 30 1,110 530 580
English and French 9,505 4,035 5,465 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 680 290 390 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 129,765 63,910 65,855 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 126,825 62,585 64,240 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,995 915 1,075 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 285 135 150 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 660 275 385 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,135 985 1,150 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 129,765 63,910 65,855 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 128,130 63,100 65,030 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 115,195 56,770 58,425 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 113,165 55,845 57,325 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 2,025 925 1,095 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 12,935 6,330 6,605 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 10 10 5 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 10 5 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 5 5 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 12,920 6,320 6,605 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 635 370 265 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 25 10 10 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 25 10 10 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 610 355 255 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 10 10 5 1,140 560 585
Arabic 510 290 215 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 5 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 20 15 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 45 30 15 80 40 40
Tigrigna 0 0 5 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 200 90 110 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 10 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 180 80 100 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 590 240 355 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 25 5 15 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 10 5 5 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 5 5 0 15 0 10
Malay 15 10 10 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 520 205 310 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 40 20 20 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 20 10 10 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 830 395 435 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 10 0 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 70 30 40 1,750 905 845
Tamil 725 350 370 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 35 15 20 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 8,820 4,350 4,465 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 40 20 15 1,090 560 530
Armenian 15 10 10 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,100 985 1,110 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 35 20 15 645 280 370
Latvian 20 15 10 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 5 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,065 965 1,095 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 0 0 0 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 20 5 10 1,725 805 915
Croatian 90 55 40 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 30 15 15 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 180 85 95 250 120 135
Polish 990 450 545 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 210 95 120 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 110 60 50 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 20 15 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 55 20 35 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 25 20 545 250 290
Ukrainian 305 145 160 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 5 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 125 65 60
Welsh 5 5 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 1,555 730 815 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 25 10 15 1,435 730 705
Danish 35 15 20 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 680 320 360 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 30 10 20 80 30 50
German 745 360 385 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 10 5 5 835 410 430
Swedish 15 5 15 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 285 140 145 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 2,215 1,135 1,085 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 1,815 930 890 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 140 65 75 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 250 120 135 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 180 90 90 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 10 5 5 225 110 110
Marathi 5 5 5 535 280 255
Nepali 5 5 5 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 290 150 140 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 10 0 5 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 75 35 35 1,455 730 725
Urdu 855 455 405 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 395 200 195 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 10 5 0 1,650 875 780
Pashto 35 20 20 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 350 180 170 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 2,600 1,325 1,275 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 980 530 445 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 670 330 340 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 130 60 75 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 825 405 420 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 20 10 15 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 130 60 65 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 170 90 80 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 20 15 10 405 220 180
Bamanankan 5 0 5 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 15 10 5 160 90 65
Lingala 5 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 105 45 55
Shona 10 5 10 150 70 85
Swahili 10 10 10 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 35 20 15 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 25 15 10 620 330 295
American Sign Language 15 5 10 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,020 470 550 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 1,010 470 545 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 375 165 210 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 15 5 5 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 565 265 300 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 15 5 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 20 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 0 0 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 15 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 10 5 5 800 405 400
Thai 15 0 10 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 50 30 25 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 5 495 275 225
Turkish 45 30 15 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 5 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 355 170 185 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 30 20 10 455 195 260
Finnish 50 25 30 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 275 130 145 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 1,635 815 820 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 335 160 175 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 1,210 610 600 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 55 25 30 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 35 20 15 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 129,765 63,915 65,850 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 126,885 62,510 64,380 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 121,845 60,055 61,790 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 121,110 59,720 61,395 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 735 340 395 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 5,040 2,460 2,585 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,040 2,455 2,585 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 295 155 135 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 15 5 10 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 10 5 5 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 280 150 125 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 5 0 5 535 250 290
Arabic 245 135 110 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 15 5 10 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 5 5 0 785 400 385
Maltese 10 5 5 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 125 55 70 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 620 290 330
Vietnamese 115 50 65 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 160 75 90 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 5 0 5 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 5 0 5 5 5 0
Malay 5 0 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 150 70 80 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 15 10 10 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 540 250 290 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 0 5 95 45 50
Malayalam 45 25 20 885 450 435
Tamil 480 220 255 1,935 965 965
Telugu 15 5 10 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 2,940 1,435 1,505 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 20 15 10 530 255 270
Armenian 10 10 5 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 685 325 365 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 5 0 5 160 75 90
Latvian 5 0 5 65 30 35
Lithuanian 0 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 680 320 360 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 540 270 270
Bulgarian 10 0 5 925 425 495
Croatian 25 15 10 1,795 840 955
Czech 5 0 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 40 20 20 120 60 60
Polish 370 175 195 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 110 45 60 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 50 25 25 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 435 205 235
Slovak 10 5 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 5 5 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 45 20 25 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 5 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 100 40 55 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 5 0 520 250 265
Danish 5 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 30 10 20 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 55 25 30 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 65 30 35 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 1,260 625 635 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 1,050 525 525 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 85 40 45 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 135 60 70 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 95 45 50 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 5 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 0 0 0 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 170 90 75 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 5 5 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 15 10 595 290 305
Urdu 530 270 265 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 215 100 110 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 20 10 15 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 185 90 95 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 800 395 405 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 175 80 95 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 215 100 115 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 50 20 25 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 365 195 165 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 5 5 5 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 85 40 45 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 40 15 20 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 5 0 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 5 0 5 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 10 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 60 20 40
Sign languages 50 35 10 830 460 370
American Sign Language 15 10 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 30 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 675 330 350 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 675 325 350 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 225 105 125 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 415 205 210 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 25 20 10 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 0 0 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 5 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 0 5 335 160 175
Thai 0 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 25 15 10 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 20 15 10 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 5 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 70 35 35 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 5 5 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 65 30 35 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 2,880 1,405 1,475 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 225 105 130 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 2,590 1,270 1,315 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 15 10 5 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 50 25 25 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 129,765 63,910 65,850 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 120,630 59,640 60,990 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 2,750 1,345 1,405 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 1,680 680 1,000 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 4,565 2,175 2,390 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 15 5 5 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 4,555 2,170 2,385 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 15 10 5 965 435 530
English and non-official language 50 25 25 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 65 35 35 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 104,390 50,920 53,470 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 99,440 48,630 50,805 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,747 50,524 32,370 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 99,480 48,635 50,850 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,260 43,708 29,424 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 92,245 46,045 46,200 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,471 48,843 29,288 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,850 29,960 38,890 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,851 1,688 4,879 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,415 41,130 38,285 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,873 48,173 32,086 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 104,370 50,885 53,480 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 99,330 48,615 50,705 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,358 60,692 40,450 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 99,370 48,620 50,750 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,458 48,842 34,384 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 91,915 46,070 45,845 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,172 59,934 38,357 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,870 29,825 39,045 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,005 6,364 7,494 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,400 41,165 38,235 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,180 56,489 39,234 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 104,370 50,885 53,485 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 39,950 22,710 17,240 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 62,043 69,445 54,268 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 69,183 77,125 58,720 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.5 93.6 86.0 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 75.8 78.0 72.6 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.5 6.4 14.0 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 104,395 50,925 53,470 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 4,950 2,290 2,660 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 99,435 48,630 50,805 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.2 95.5 95.0 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,750 5,520 8,235 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 14,030 5,140 8,890 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 11,100 4,155 6,950 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 10,085 4,365 5,715 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 10,245 4,880 5,370 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 8,715 4,540 4,175 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 6,875 3,935 2,945 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 5,765 3,445 2,325 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 4,760 2,825 1,935 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 4,060 2,350 1,710 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 10,060 7,485 2,575 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 7,395 5,355 2,040 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 2,665 2,135 535 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 104,390 50,925 53,470 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 4,905 2,285 2,620 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 99,485 48,635 50,850 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.3 95.5 95.1 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,245 5,605 8,635 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 14,690 5,405 9,280 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 12,995 5,045 7,950 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 12,820 5,835 6,985 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 12,185 6,185 6,000 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 9,340 5,315 4,025 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 7,375 4,490 2,890 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 5,855 3,445 2,415 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 9,975 7,300 2,675 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,715 2,470 1,245 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 2,155 1,585 570 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 4,105 3,255 855 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 104,390 50,920 53,465 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 24,975 9,790 15,185 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 79,410 41,135 38,285 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 76.1 80.8 71.6 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 11,875 6,190 5,680 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,825 2,405 3,420 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,930 3,765 5,160 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,945 2,900 4,040 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 7,000 2,860 4,135 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 6,650 2,970 3,675 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 6,190 3,190 3,000 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 5,210 2,970 2,245 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 4,735 2,825 1,915 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 16,060 11,055 5,005 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 4,065 2,460 1,610 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 3,600 2,100 1,500 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 8,395 6,500 1,900 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 45,720 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 95,416 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 81,527 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 7,760 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 46,154 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,007 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 37,960 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 106,599 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,701 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 45,700 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 109,453 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 90,150 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,755 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 55,774 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,916 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 37,945 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 120,424 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 99,191 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 45,720 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 320 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 240 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 480 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 715 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 945 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 975 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,175 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,280 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,435 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,370 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,135 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,040 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,045 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,090 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,960 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 21,505 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,460 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 5,000 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,990 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,055 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 45,720 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 370 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 245 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 505 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 760 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,055 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,115 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,395 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,645 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,710 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,785 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,900 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,880 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,930 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,750 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 3,330 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 16,340 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 6,730 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,360 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,255 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 37,305 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 105,946 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,093 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.2 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 11,880 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 88,184 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,112 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 19,290 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 129,625 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,460 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 5,285 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 67,061 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 59,881 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 37,260 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 120,020 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 98,759 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 11,855 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 105,662 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,627 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 19,360 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 140,846 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,325 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 5,215 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 75,951 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 64,730 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 10,645 5,195 5,455 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 41,533 46,364 37,543 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 36,694 39,995 33,787 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 10,600 5,105 5,495 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 50,013 55,903 44,542 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,526 45,301 38,019 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 129,540 63,810 65,730 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 47,630 22,600 25,030 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 6,660 3,220 3,440 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 7,455 3,310 4,145 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 9,250 4,310 4,945 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 11,075 5,340 5,740 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 13,195 6,430 6,765 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 81,905 41,210 40,700 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 14,415 7,130 7,290 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 16,345 8,080 8,275 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 18,170 9,160 9,010 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 18,655 9,450 9,205 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 14,320 7,395 6,920 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 129,410 63,735 65,675 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 30,435 15,480 14,950 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 9,690 4,915 4,775 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 81,740 40,190 41,560 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 17,230 8,070 9,160 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 9,650 4,425 5,225 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 2,965 1,470 1,500 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 905 450 455 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 5,570 2,555 3,025 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,110 405 705 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 7.5 6.9 8.0 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 9.7 9.5 10.0 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 9.3 9.2 9.5 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.8 6.4 7.3 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 6.4 5.0 7.7 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,905 2,405 2,500 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,375 675 700 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 420 215 195 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 3,285 1,630 1,650 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 245 95 150 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.8 3.8 3.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 4.5 4.4 4.7 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 4.3 4.4 4.1 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 4.0 4.1 4.0 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.2 1.6 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 129,525 63,780 65,745 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 128,780 63,420 65,360 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 128,745 63,410 65,340 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 9,510 4,070 5,440 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 16,675 8,210 8,465 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 40 15 25 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 30 10 20 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 15 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 10 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 10 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 20 10 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 15 10 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 10 10 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 16,640 8,195 8,445 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 825 465 360 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 50 20 30 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 50 20 30 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 760 440 320 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 0 10 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 645 375 265 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 0 10 0 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 10 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 25 25 10 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 75 35 45 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 280 140 145 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 15 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 255 125 135 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 785 310 470 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 20 0 10 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 25 10 15 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 45 20 25 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 55 20 35 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 25 10 15 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 710 285 425 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 135 60 75 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 15 10 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 40 15 25 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 80 35 45 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 1,175 595 575 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 10 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 100 40 55 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 1,035 545 490 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 50 15 30 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 11,365 5,685 5,675 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 35 15 15 1,135 580 555
Armenian 10 10 0 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 2,425 1,170 1,255 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 40 15 25 635 310 325
Latvian 20 10 15 310 175 140
Lithuanian 20 10 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 2,395 1,155 1,240 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 10 10 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 10 10 10 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 10 10 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 190 115 80 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 30 15 20 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 215 110 105 345 180 160
Polish 1,160 540 625 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 270 110 155 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 170 80 90 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 1,240 595 645
Slovak 50 15 30 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 15 25 725 330 400
Ukrainian 375 205 180 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 15 250 120 125
Celtic languages 50 20 30 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 25 15 15 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,955 955 1,000 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 60 25 35 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 30 15 20 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 810 400 410 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 50 25 30 120 55 65
German 1,015 485 525 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 15 15 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 25 15 15 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 75 40 30
Greek 380 170 215 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 2,760 1,455 1,305 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 2,410 1,265 1,145 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 110 50 65 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 315 150 170 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 710 360 345 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 30 15 15 375 185 190
Marathi 15 10 10 1,275 650 625
Nepali 20 10 10 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 520 295 225 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 20 10 10 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 205 100 105 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 1,175 625 550 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 395 210 185 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 20 15 0 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 20 10 10 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 370 190 180 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 3,915 1,995 1,925 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 1,515 795 715 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 785 380 405 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 200 95 105 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 1,530 775 760 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 220 130 85
Japanese 55 20 35 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 140 80 60 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 300 155 145 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 40 20 20 495 280 215
Bamanankan 10 10 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 15 10 10 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 10 10 10 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 10 10 0 240 140 95
Lingala 40 15 20 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 25 20 10 265 125 140
Swahili 55 25 25 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 60 20 35 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 75 35 40 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 0 10 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 250 120 135
Sign languages 185 50 135 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 130 20 110 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 55 30 30 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,300 600 700 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 1,285 595 690 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 560 225 340 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 760 360 395 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 15 0 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 15 0 10 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 25 35 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 10 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 10 10 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 50 20 30 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 35 15 25 1,125 505 620
Thai 35 10 20 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 50 25 20 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 45 30 20 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 325 160 170 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 20 15 10 495 205 295
Finnish 30 15 15 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 275 125 150 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 129,525 63,780 65,740 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 125,655 61,835 63,825 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 30,130 15,295 14,830 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 95,530 46,535 48,995 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 3,865 1,945 1,915 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 129,525 63,780 65,745 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 109,000 53,740 55,260 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 19,955 9,665 10,285 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 8,570 4,195 4,380 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 2,850 1,365 1,490 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 3,330 1,590 1,735 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 3,875 1,890 1,980 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 2,135 1,015 1,115 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 1,740 870 865 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 1,325 625 700 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 570 375 195 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 19,955 9,665 10,285 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 2,645 1,470 1,175 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 4,435 2,255 2,180 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 4,850 2,060 2,785 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 6,945 3,415 3,530 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 1,085 465 625 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 19,950 9,665 10,290 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 4,325 2,010 2,320 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 95 35 60 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 100 55 45 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 55 35 15 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 710 320 385 920 415 500
Haiti 20 10 0 265 110 160
Jamaica 1,105 490 615 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 90 35 55 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 25 10 15 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 535 295 240 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 860 375 485 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 725 340 385 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 9,165 4,455 4,705 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 40 30 10 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 130 75 60 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 65 30 30 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 540 260 280 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 170 85 85 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 125 75 50 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 180 80 100 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 660 365 295 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 690 360 325 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 725 300 420 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 350 180 165 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 205 95 110 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 100 30 70 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 120 55 65 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 105 60 50 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 4,335 2,070 2,260 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 630 310 325 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 825 435 390 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 0 0 0 430 270 150
Egypt 95 55 40 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 20 20 10 1,665 835 825
Kenya 45 25 25 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 10 10 10 730 385 340
Nigeria 85 40 45 1,205 630 575
Somalia 15 0 10 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 120 60 60 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 435 230 200 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 5,545 2,715 2,825 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 155 75 80 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 70 30 40 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 670 290 380 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 110 30 80 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 920 450 475 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 110 60 45 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 65 35 30 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 25 0 20 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 125 65 60 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 95 50 50 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 725 395 330 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 790 335 455 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 825 420 405 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 15 10 10 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 45 20 25 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 160 80 85 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 640 365 275 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 100 50 50 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 1,325 620 705 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 285 145 145 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 15 0 10 960 445 520
Colombia 30 20 10 465 220 240
Cuba 0 10 0 70 35 30
Haiti 20 15 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 45 30 15 160 115 45
Mexico 15 10 0 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 95 30 70 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 60 30 30 1,855 875 975
Europe 165 95 75 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 10 10 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0 0 0 545 240