Census Profile, 2016 Census
Elgin--Middlesex--London [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Elgin--Middlesex--London
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Elgin--Middlesex--London [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Elgin--Middlesex--London [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 115,052 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 110,109 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.5 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 46,595 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 44,623 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 46.3 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,484.52 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 115,050 56,755 58,300 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 21,440 11,030 10,415 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 6,615 3,405 3,205 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 7,480 3,840 3,645 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 7,340 3,785 3,555 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 72,905 36,150 36,755 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 7,150 3,670 3,475 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 6,380 3,335 3,045 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 5,705 2,785 2,925 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 6,255 3,035 3,215 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 6,685 3,235 3,445 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 7,280 3,575 3,705 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 7,665 3,780 3,885 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 9,110 4,520 4,590 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 8,860 4,350 4,505 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 7,810 3,855 3,960 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 20,710 9,575 11,130 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 7,160 3,455 3,710 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 5,130 2,505 2,620 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,605 1,725 1,880 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,385 1,055 1,330 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,430 835 1,590 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,540 585 955 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 700 210 490 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 170 40 130 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 25 5 25 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.6 19.4 17.9 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 63.4 63.7 63.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 18.0 16.9 19.1 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.2 40.3 42.0 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 42.7 41.8 43.6 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 44,620 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 35,210 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,560 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 7,360 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,530 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 1,210 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 785 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,715 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 120 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 490 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 44,625 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 10,670 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 16,770 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 6,750 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 6,295 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,140 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 113,265 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 93,610 45,725 47,885 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 58,850 29,400 29,445 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 50,535 25,275 25,265 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 8,310 4,130 4,180 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 34,765 16,325 18,440 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 21,000 11,475 9,525 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,820 1,280 1,540 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 5,255 2,305 2,955 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,690 1,265 4,425 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 33,610 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 17,360 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 6,690 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 6,070 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,485 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 33,605 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 29,020 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 24,865 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,155 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,585 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 3,580 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,005 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 29,020 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 14,610 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 14,410 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 5,340 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 5,710 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,360 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,585 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,750 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,345 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 485 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,420 6,765 7,655 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 44,620 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 32,275 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 14,065 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 18,210 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 655 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,690 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 10,670 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,020 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 113,625 56,120 57,510 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 107,830 53,690 54,140 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 10 0 5 1,110 530 580
English and French 4,980 2,075 2,910 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 810 355 455 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 113,630 56,120 57,505 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 111,745 55,260 56,480 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 990 465 520 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 115 50 60 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 780 340 440 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,040 490 550 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 113,625 56,120 57,510 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 112,580 55,615 56,970 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 97,650 48,255 49,395 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 96,550 47,745 48,805 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,100 510 590 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 14,935 7,360 7,570 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 10 5 0 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 5 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 5 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 5 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,925 7,355 7,570 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 670 350 320 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 0 0 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 665 350 320 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 5 0 0 1,140 560 585
Arabic 540 280 255 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 5 0 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 60 35 30 80 40 40
Tigrigna 0 0 0 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 285 140 145 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 155 75 85 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 135 70 65 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 165 50 115 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 5 0 10 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 10 5 5 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 15 5 10 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 135 45 90 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 5 5 0 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 25 10 15 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 0 0 0 225 115 110
Malayalam 20 10 10 1,750 905 845
Tamil 5 5 5 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 0 0 5 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 13,030 6,440 6,590 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 145 70 75 1,090 560 530
Armenian 15 5 10 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 1,415 685 725 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 50 25 30 645 280 370
Latvian 10 5 5 320 145 175
Lithuanian 45 20 25 325 130 200
Slavic languages 1,365 665 695 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 5 60 30 30
Bosnian 40 20 20 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,725 805 915
Croatian 280 145 135 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 60 30 35 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 5 0 0 250 120 135
Polish 540 255 290 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 85 45 40 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 60 30 30 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 1,145 545 600
Slovak 50 20 25 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 545 250 290
Ukrainian 180 85 90 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 180 90 90
Celtic languages 10 10 0 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 125 65 60
Welsh 5 5 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 9,340 4,595 4,740 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 25 15 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 40 20 20 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 1,385 680 705 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 25 10 15 80 30 50
German 7,675 3,770 3,905 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 0 0 0 835 410 430
Swedish 5 0 5 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 155 85 75 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 5 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 25 20 15
Greek 95 45 45 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 400 190 210 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 305 145 155 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 0 0 0 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 60 30 30 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 35 15 20 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 5 0 0 225 110 110
Marathi 0 0 5 535 280 255
Nepali 0 0 0 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 110 55 60 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 5 5 5 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 1,455 730 725
Urdu 75 40 35 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 100 45 55 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 45 25 20 1,650 875 780
Pashto 5 0 5 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 45 20 25 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 1,625 835 785 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 410 225 180 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 670 355 315 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 55 25 30 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 485 230 255 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Japanese 15 5 10 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 105 50 60 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 15 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 5 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 5 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 0 0 160 90 65
Lingala 0 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 45 55
Shona 5 5 5 150 70 85
Swahili 5 5 0 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 0 0 0 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 25 20 5 620 330 295
American Sign Language 20 15 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 0 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 225 100 125 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 220 100 120 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 110 50 60 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 90 35 55 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 0 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 5 5 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 35 15 20 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 20 15 10 800 405 400
Thai 15 5 5 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 25 15 10 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 30 15 10 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 270 120 145 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 10 0 10 455 195 260
Finnish 15 5 15 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 240 110 130 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 365 200 170
Multiple responses 1,045 505 540 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 185 80 100 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 825 405 420 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 15 15 5 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 10 5 10 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 113,625 56,120 57,510 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 111,545 55,105 56,440 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 105,910 52,370 53,540 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 105,705 52,270 53,430 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 205 95 110 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 5,640 2,735 2,905 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,635 2,735 2,905 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 290 140 155 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 295 135 155 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 5 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 245 110 130 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 25 15 15 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 5 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 155 75 75 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 35 40 620 290 330
Vietnamese 75 40 35 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 45 20 25 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 5 0 5 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 5 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 15 20 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 0 5 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 5 0 5 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 10 5 5 885 450 435
Tamil 0 0 0 1,935 965 965
Telugu 0 0 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 4,810 2,325 2,490 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 50 20 25 530 255 270
Armenian 5 0 5 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 455 220 235 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 10 5 5 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 5 5 90 45 50
Slavic languages 445 215 230 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 15 5 10 540 270 270
Bulgarian 0 0 0 925 425 495
Croatian 100 45 50 1,795 840 955
Czech 10 5 10 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 0 0 0 120 60 60
Polish 175 80 95 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 40 25 15 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 25 15 15 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 435 205 235
Slovak 10 5 10 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 45 25 20 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 3,605 1,770 1,835 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 5 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 105 55 50 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 3,295 1,615 1,680 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 185 90 95 5 5 0
Greek 15 10 10 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 190 90 105 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 145 65 80 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 0 0 0 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 30 15 15 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 15 10 5 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 0 0 0 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 25 35 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 595 290 305
Urdu 35 15 20 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 45 25 20 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 25 10 10 1,025 515 505
Pashto 0 0 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 25 10 15 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 495 220 270 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 70 30 35 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 185 75 105 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 10 5 5 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 235 105 130 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 5 0 0 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 75 35 40 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 15 5 5 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 0 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 5 5 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 5 0 5 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 45 30 15 830 460 370
American Sign Language 15 15 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 120 65 60 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 115 55 60 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 60 30 35 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 50 30 25 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 5 0 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 10 5 0 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 1,015 435 580
Lao 5 0 5 335 160 175
Thai 5 5 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 15 10 5 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 15 10 10 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 35 15 15 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 30 15 15 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 2,080 1,015 1,065 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 100 40 60 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 1,940 960 980 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 5 0 5 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 30 15 20 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 113,625 56,115 57,505 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 105,020 51,980 53,030 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 2,535 1,225 1,305 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 880 365 515 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 5,110 2,505 2,600 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 5 0 5 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 5,100 2,505 2,595 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 15 5 15 965 435 530
English and non-official language 25 10 10 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 45 20 25 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 91,860 44,945 46,910 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,420 43,330 45,095 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,771 42,063 28,571 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,445 43,325 45,115 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,511 37,537 26,405 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,595 40,030 39,560 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,251 40,217 25,120 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,640 28,565 35,080 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,894 5,783 7,432 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,905 34,635 31,270 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,034 39,453 27,430 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 91,995 45,045 46,950 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,275 43,305 44,970 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,490 50,531 36,709 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,305 43,305 44,995 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,799 42,090 31,707 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,420 40,010 39,410 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,585 49,017 34,040 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,395 28,350 35,045 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,458 8,007 8,823 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,950 34,635 31,310 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,891 46,502 34,684 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 91,995 45,045 46,945 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 33,595 19,320 14,270 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,295 56,232 45,627 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,211 62,903 51,859 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.1 89.7 81.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.1 73.6 65.4 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.9 10.3 18.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 91,860 44,950 46,910 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 3,435 1,620 1,815 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 88,425 43,325 45,095 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.4 96.1 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,400 4,585 6,820 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 14,760 5,565 9,190 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 12,805 5,350 7,455 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 10,820 4,980 5,840 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 10,150 5,260 4,890 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 7,660 4,225 3,440 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 5,650 3,420 2,235 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,985 2,525 1,455 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 2,945 1,845 1,100 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,765 1,580 1,180 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 5,485 3,995 1,490 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 4,050 2,915 1,135 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 1,435 1,080 355 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 91,860 44,950 46,910 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 3,415 1,625 1,795 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 88,445 43,325 45,115 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.3 96.4 96.2 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,800 4,685 7,115 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 15,545 5,930 9,615 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 14,880 6,280 8,600 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 13,245 6,505 6,745 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 11,095 6,020 5,075 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 7,630 4,550 3,080 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 4,865 3,100 1,770 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 3,885 2,325 1,550 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 5,500 3,930 1,570 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 2,145 1,465 680 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,130 800 335 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 2,220 1,670 555 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 91,860 44,945 46,910 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 25,955 10,315 15,645 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 65,900 34,630 31,270 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 71.7 77.0 66.7 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,425 5,370 5,055 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,340 2,240 3,095 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,205 3,590 4,615 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 6,905 3,110 3,795 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,970 3,195 3,780 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 6,605 3,400 3,205 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 5,435 3,130 2,305 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 4,115 2,570 1,545 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,995 1,945 1,050 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 8,915 6,085 2,830 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,420 1,540 885 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 2,390 1,390 1,005 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 4,105 3,155 945 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 44,625 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 71,540 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,429 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,670 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,687 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,636 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 33,955 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,773 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,248 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 44,660 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,953 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,754 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,695 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,971 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,975 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 33,970 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,115 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,649 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 44,620 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 415 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 500 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,030 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,460 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,905 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,595 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,880 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,850 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,010 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,910 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,735 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,485 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,290 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,875 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,615 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,060 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,170 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,305 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,475 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,110 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 44,625 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 465 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 515 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,050 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,545 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,110 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,790 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,140 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,250 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,350 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,320 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,350 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,100 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,720 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,215 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,700 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,015 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,620 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,600 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,790 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 33,245 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,850 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,288 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 13,815 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,401 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,482 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 14,540 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,376 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,696 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,245 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,260 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,525 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 33,260 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,186 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,682 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 13,800 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,426 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,985 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,600 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,719 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,575 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,240 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,469 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,165 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 12,740 6,045 6,695 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,153 36,282 29,448 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,414 32,390 27,328 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 12,775 6,110 6,665 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,681 42,482 37,113 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,896 35,618 32,318 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 113,265 55,960 57,305 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 57,130 27,490 29,640 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 8,900 4,290 4,610 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 11,300 5,160 6,145 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 12,545 5,985 6,555 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 12,265 6,005 6,255 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 12,125 6,055 6,075 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 56,130 28,470 27,665 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 12,505 6,280 6,225 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 12,075 6,115 5,965 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 12,070 6,155 5,910 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 11,070 5,620 5,450 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 8,410 4,305 4,110 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 113,265 55,960 57,300 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 25,775 13,210 12,560 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 8,060 4,165 3,890 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 67,945 33,545 34,405 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 19,540 9,205 10,340 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 14,460 6,770 7,690 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 4,385 2,295 2,095 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,550 800 745 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 7,835 3,625 4,200 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,245 850 1,395 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 12.1 13.4 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.4 16.7 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 19.2 19.2 19.2 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 10.8 12.2 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.5 9.2 13.5 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,820 2,850 2,970 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 1,580 825 755 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 560 280 280 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 3,935 1,870 2,065 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 305 160 150 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.1 5.1 5.2 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 6.1 6.2 6.0 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 6.9 6.7 7.2 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 5.8 5.6 6.0 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.7 1.5 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 113,415 56,035 57,385 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 112,625 55,695 56,935 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 112,610 55,690 56,920 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 5,160 2,135 3,025 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 17,455 8,545 8,915 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 15 0 10 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 10 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,445 8,540 8,905 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 970 525 455 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 0 10 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 970 515 450 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 10 10 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 845 460 385 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 40 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 0 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 75 35 40 165 90 80
Tigrigna 0 0 0 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 430 210 220 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 140 65 75 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 295 150 145 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 175 55 120 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 10 0 10 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 10 0 10 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 15 10 0 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 160 50 110 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 20 15 10 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 10 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 75 40 35 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 0 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 55 25 25 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 25 20 10 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 0 0 10 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 14,835 7,225 7,610 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 180 70 110 1,135 580 555
Armenian 25 10 15 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 1,490 780 710 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 35 25 10 635 310 325
Latvian 10 10 0 310 175 140
Lithuanian 30 20 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 1,455 750 700 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 85 50 35 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 345 195 155 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 95 40 50 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 15 0 0 345 180 160
Polish 540 260 280 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 145 70 80 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 90 45 40 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15 1,240 595 645
Slovak 60 25 35 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 15 0 725 330 400
Ukrainian 175 90 85 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 250 120 125
Celtic languages 10 0 0 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 9,810 4,680 5,135 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 25 10 20 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 50 30 25 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 1,525 705 825 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 45 25 20 120 55 65
German 7,705 3,660 4,045 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 10 0 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 20 10 10 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 150 90 60 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 960 500 455 75 40 30
Greek 150 85 60 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 640 285 360 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 535 240 295 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 0 0 0 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 110 50 60 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 220 105 120 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 10 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 25 15 0 1,275 650 625
Nepali 0 0 0 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 245 110 135 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 10 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 160 80 80 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 110 45 60 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 40 25 20 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 0 0 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 75 20 50 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 3,200 1,755 1,450 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 10 245 125 120
Italian 735 415 325 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 855 480 380 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 75 35 40 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 1,665 895 770 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 220 130 85
Japanese 50 35 20 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 75 45 30 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 60 35 25 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 10 0 10 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 0 105 60 45
Igbo 10 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 0 0 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 210 95 115
Shona 10 10 0 265 125 140
Swahili 10 15 0 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 0 0 0 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 165 60 110 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 75 30 55 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 330 170 165 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 310 150 160 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 220 105 120 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 10 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 125 60 70 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 0 10 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 15 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 10 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 20 20 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 30 15 15 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 15 0 10 1,125 505 620
Thai 25 15 10 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 55 35 25 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 60 35 25 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 335 160 170 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 0 0 0 495 205 295
Finnish 25 15 10 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 310 150 155 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 113,420 56,035 57,385 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 110,765 54,725 56,035 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 25,590 13,035 12,555 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 85,175 41,695 43,480 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,655 1,310 1,350 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 113,420 56,035 57,385 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 98,585 48,775 49,810 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 14,485 7,095 7,395 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 7,160 3,490 3,675 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 2,220 1,050 1,175 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 2,180 1,090 1,090 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 2,045 1,020 1,030 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 965 495 475 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 1,075 525 555 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 880 450 430 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 345 165 175 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 14,485 7,095 7,395 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 2,455 1,265 1,195 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 3,885 2,035 1,850 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 3,730 1,635 2,095 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 3,790 1,855 1,935 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 625 305 320 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 14,485 7,095 7,395 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 5,415 2,560 2,850 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 30 10 20 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 145 65 85 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 45 15 35 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 45 10 30 920 415 500
Haiti 0 0 10 265 110 160
Jamaica 155 70 80 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 3,560 1,715 1,845 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 10 0 0 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 55 25 30 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 905 375 530 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 450 260 190 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 6,865 3,450 3,410 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 150 85 65 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 185 100 90 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 45 25 15 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 490 230 255 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 45 25 20 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 125 75 50 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 60 25 35 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 375 215 160 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 1,340 690 650 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 340 140 200 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 515 300 210 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 130 40 95 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 55 30 35 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 35 20 20 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 65 25 45 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,195 1,070 1,125 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 715 370 345 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 285 155 130 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 25 15 10 430 270 150
Egypt 45 20 25 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 20 10 10 1,665 835 825
Kenya 0 0 10 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 0 0 10 730 385 340
Nigeria 35 10 20 1,205 630 575
Somalia 0 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 75 35 40 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 75 55 20 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 1,855 890 970 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 0 10 10 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 0 0 0 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 145 45 100 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 45 25 20 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 335 160 170 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 30 10 15 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 175 100 75 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 15 0 15 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 20 10 15 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 200 115 95 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 85 45 40 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 160 55 110 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 0 10 0 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 25 10 15 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 0 0 0 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 195 110 90 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 410 200 205 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 65 30 30 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 880 450 430 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 540 275 265 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 20 0 15 465 220 240
Cuba 20 10 10 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 15 10 10 160 115 45
Mexico 355 190 160 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 110 50 60 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 30 20 10 1,855 875 975
Europe 110 55 55 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 10 10 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania