Census Profile, 2016 Census
Elgin--Middlesex--London [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Elgin--Middlesex--London
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Elgin--Middlesex--London [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Elgin--Middlesex--London [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 115,052 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 110,109 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 46,595 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 44,623 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 46.3 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,484.52 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 115,050 56,755 58,300 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 21,440 11,030 10,415 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 6,615 3,405 3,205 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 7,480 3,840 3,645 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 7,340 3,785 3,555 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 72,905 36,150 36,755 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 7,150 3,670 3,475 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 6,380 3,335 3,045 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 5,705 2,785 2,925 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 6,255 3,035 3,215 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 6,685 3,235 3,445 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 7,280 3,575 3,705 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 7,665 3,780 3,885 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 9,110 4,520 4,590 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 8,860 4,350 4,505 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 7,810 3,855 3,960 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 20,710 9,575 11,130 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 7,160 3,455 3,710 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 5,130 2,505 2,620 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,605 1,725 1,880 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,385 1,055 1,330 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,430 835 1,590 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,540 585 955 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 700 210 490 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 170 40 130 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 25 5 25 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.6 19.4 17.9 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.4 63.7 63.0 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 18.0 16.9 19.1 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.1 1.5 2.7 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 41.2 40.3 42.0 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 42.7 41.8 43.6 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 44,620 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 35,210 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 1,560 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 7,360 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,530 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,210 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 785 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 3,715 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 120 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 490 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 44,625 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 10,670 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 16,770 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 6,750 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 6,295 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,140 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 113,265 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 93,610 45,725 47,885 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 58,850 29,400 29,445 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 50,535 25,275 25,265 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 8,310 4,130 4,180 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 34,765 16,325 18,440 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 21,000 11,475 9,525 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,820 1,280 1,540 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 5,255 2,305 2,955 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 5,690 1,265 4,425 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 33,610 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 17,360 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 6,690 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 6,070 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,485 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 33,605 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 29,020 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 24,865 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,155 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,585 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,580 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,005 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 29,020 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 14,610 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 14,410 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 5,340 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 5,710 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 3,360 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,585 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,750 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,345 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 485 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,420 6,765 7,655 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 44,620 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 32,275 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 14,065 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 18,210 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 655 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,690 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 10,670 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,020 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 113,625 56,120 57,510 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 107,830 53,690 54,140 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 10 0 5 1,810 820 985
English and French 4,980 2,075 2,910 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 810 355 455 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 113,630 56,120 57,505 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 111,745 55,260 56,480 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 990 465 520 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 115 50 60 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 780 340 440 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,040 490 550 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 113,625 56,120 57,510 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 112,580 55,615 56,970 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 97,650 48,255 49,395 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 96,550 47,745 48,805 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,100 510 590 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 14,935 7,360 7,570 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 10 5 0 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 5 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 5 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 5 5 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 5 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 5 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,925 7,355 7,570 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 670 350 320 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 665 350 320 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 5 0 0 1,370 670 700
Arabic 540 280 255 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 35 15 20 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 0 5 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 60 35 30 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 285 140 145 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 155 75 85 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 135 70 65 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 165 50 115 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 5 0 10 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 10 5 5 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 15 5 10 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 135 45 90 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 5 5 0 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 5 5 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 25 10 15 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 20 10 10 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 5 5 5 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 0 0 5 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 13,030 6,440 6,590 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 145 70 75 1,465 765 705
Armenian 15 5 10 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 1,415 685 725 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 50 25 30 1,070 485 585
Latvian 10 5 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 45 20 25 505 225 280
Slavic languages 1,365 665 695 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 5 95 45 50
Bosnian 40 20 20 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 280 145 135 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 60 30 35 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 5 0 0 325 160 165
Polish 540 255 290 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 85 45 40 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 60 30 30 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 10 1,395 670 725
Slovak 50 20 25 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 20 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 180 85 90 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 10 10 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 240 130 110
Welsh 5 5 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 9,340 4,595 4,740 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 25 15 10 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 40 20 20 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,385 680 705 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 25 10 15 295 145 145
German 7,675 3,770 3,905 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 5 0 5 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 155 85 75 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 5 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 65 45 25
Greek 95 45 45 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 400 190 210 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 305 145 155 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 0 0 0 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 60 30 30 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 35 15 20 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 5 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 0 0 5 620 325 295
Nepali 0 0 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 110 55 60 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 5 5 5 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 5 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 75 40 35 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 100 45 55 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 45 25 20 1,765 945 825
Pashto 5 0 5 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 45 20 25 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 1,625 835 785 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 410 225 180 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 670 355 315 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 55 25 30 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 485 230 255 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 15 5 10 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 105 50 60 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 30 15 15 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 5 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 5 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 5 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 5 5 5 215 100 115
Swahili 5 5 0 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 25 20 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 20 15 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 0 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 225 100 125 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 220 100 120 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 110 50 60 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 90 35 55 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 5 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 5 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 0 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 5 5 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 35 15 20 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 20 15 10 1,100 550 550
Thai 15 5 5 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 25 15 10 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 30 15 10 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 270 120 145 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 10 0 10 705 295 410
Finnish 15 5 15 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 240 110 130 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 1,045 505 540 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 185 80 100 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 825 405 420 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 15 15 5 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 10 5 10 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 113,625 56,120 57,510 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 111,545 55,105 56,440 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 105,910 52,370 53,540 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 105,705 52,270 53,430 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 205 95 110 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 5,640 2,735 2,905 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,635 2,735 2,905 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 290 140 155 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 295 135 155 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 245 110 130 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 25 15 15 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 5 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 155 75 75 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 75 35 40 800 375 420
Vietnamese 75 40 35 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 45 20 25 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 5 0 5 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 5 5 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 35 15 20 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 0 5 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 5 0 5 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 10 5 5 1,225 615 605
Tamil 0 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 4,810 2,325 2,490 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 50 20 25 695 335 360
Armenian 5 0 5 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 455 220 235 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 10 5 5 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 5 5 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 445 215 230 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 15 5 10 595 300 300
Bulgarian 0 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 100 45 50 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 10 5 10 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 0 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 175 80 95 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 40 25 15 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 25 15 15 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 0 500 235 265
Slovak 10 5 10 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 45 25 20 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 3,605 1,770 1,835 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 5 0 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 105 55 50 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 3,295 1,615 1,680 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 185 90 95 15 5 5
Greek 15 10 10 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 190 90 105 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 145 65 80 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 0 0 0 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 30 15 15 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 15 10 5 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 60 25 35 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 675 330 340
Urdu 35 15 20 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 45 25 20 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 25 10 10 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 25 10 15 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 495 220 270 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 70 30 35 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 185 75 105 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 10 5 5 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 235 105 130 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 5 0 0 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 75 35 40 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 15 5 5 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 5 5 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 5 5 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 5 0 5 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 45 30 15 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 15 15 5 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 120 65 60 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 115 55 60 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 60 30 35 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 50 30 25 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 5 0 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 5 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 10 5 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 1,380 595 785
Lao 5 0 5 460 225 235
Thai 5 5 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 15 10 5 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 15 10 10 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 35 15 15 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 30 15 15 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 2,080 1,015 1,065 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 100 40 60 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,940 960 980 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 5 0 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 30 15 20 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 113,625 56,115 57,505 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 105,020 51,980 53,030 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 2,535 1,225 1,305 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 880 365 515 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 5,110 2,505 2,600 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 5 0 5 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 5,100 2,505 2,595 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 15 5 15 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 25 10 10 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 45 20 25 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 91,860 44,945 46,910 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,420 43,330 45,095 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,771 42,063 28,571 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,445 43,325 45,115 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,511 37,537 26,405 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,595 40,030 39,560 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,251 40,217 25,120 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,640 28,565 35,080 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,894 5,783 7,432 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,905 34,635 31,270 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,034 39,453 27,430 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 91,995 45,045 46,950 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,275 43,305 44,970 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,490 50,531 36,709 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,305 43,305 44,995 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,799 42,090 31,707 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,420 40,010 39,410 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,585 49,017 34,040 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,395 28,350 35,045 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,458 8,007 8,823 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,950 34,635 31,310 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,891 46,502 34,684 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 91,995 45,045 46,945 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 33,595 19,320 14,270 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 51,295 56,232 45,627 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 58,211 62,903 51,859 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 86.1 89.7 81.2 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.1 73.6 65.4 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 13.9 10.3 18.8 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 91,860 44,950 46,910 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 3,435 1,620 1,815 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 88,425 43,325 45,095 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.3 96.4 96.1 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,400 4,585 6,820 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 14,760 5,565 9,190 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 12,805 5,350 7,455 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 10,820 4,980 5,840 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 10,150 5,260 4,890 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 7,660 4,225 3,440 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,650 3,420 2,235 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,985 2,525 1,455 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,945 1,845 1,100 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,765 1,580 1,180 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 5,485 3,995 1,490 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 4,050 2,915 1,135 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,435 1,080 355 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 91,860 44,950 46,910 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 3,415 1,625 1,795 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 88,445 43,325 45,115 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.3 96.4 96.2 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,800 4,685 7,115 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 15,545 5,930 9,615 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 14,880 6,280 8,600 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 13,245 6,505 6,745 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 11,095 6,020 5,075 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 7,630 4,550 3,080 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 4,865 3,100 1,770 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,885 2,325 1,550 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 5,500 3,930 1,570 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,145 1,465 680 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,130 800 335 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 2,220 1,670 555 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 91,860 44,945 46,910 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 25,955 10,315 15,645 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 65,900 34,630 31,270 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 71.7 77.0 66.7 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,425 5,370 5,055 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,340 2,240 3,095 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 8,205 3,590 4,615 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 6,905 3,110 3,795 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 6,970 3,195 3,780 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 6,605 3,400 3,205 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 5,435 3,130 2,305 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 4,115 2,570 1,545 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,995 1,945 1,050 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 8,915 6,085 2,830 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,420 1,540 885 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,390 1,390 1,005 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 4,105 3,155 945 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 44,625 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 71,540 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 63,429 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,670 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,687 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,636 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 33,955 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 85,773 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 75,248 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 44,660 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 85,953 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 72,754 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,695 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,971 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,975 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 33,970 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 100,115 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,649 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 44,620 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 415 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 500 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,030 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,460 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,905 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,595 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,880 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,850 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,010 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,910 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,735 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,485 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,290 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,875 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,615 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,060 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,170 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,305 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,475 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 2,110 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 44,625 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 465 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 515 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,050 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,545 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,110 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,790 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,140 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,250 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,350 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,320 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,350 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,100 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,720 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,215 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,700 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 10,015 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,620 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,600 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,790 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 33,245 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 85,850 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 75,288 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 13,815 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,401 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,482 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 14,540 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,376 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,696 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,245 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,260 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,525 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 33,260 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 100,186 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,682 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 13,800 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 91,426 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 76,985 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,600 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 120,719 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 101,575 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,240 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,469 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 53,165 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 12,740 6,045 6,695 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,153 36,282 29,448 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,414 32,390 27,328 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 12,775 6,110 6,665 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,681 42,482 37,113 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 33,896 35,618 32,318 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 113,265 55,960 57,305 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 57,130 27,490 29,640 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 8,900 4,290 4,610 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 11,300 5,160 6,145 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 12,545 5,985 6,555 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 12,265 6,005 6,255 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 12,125 6,055 6,075 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 56,130 28,470 27,665 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 12,505 6,280 6,225 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 12,075 6,115 5,965 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 12,070 6,155 5,910 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 11,070 5,620 5,450 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 8,410 4,305 4,110 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 113,265 55,960 57,300 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 25,775 13,210 12,560 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 8,060 4,165 3,890 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 67,945 33,545 34,405 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 19,540 9,205 10,340 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 14,460 6,770 7,690 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 4,385 2,295 2,095 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,550 800 745 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 7,835 3,625 4,200 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,245 850 1,395 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 12.8 12.1 13.4 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 17.0 17.4 16.7 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 19.2 19.2 19.2 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 10.8 12.2 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.5 9.2 13.5 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 5,820 2,850 2,970 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 1,580 825 755 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 560 280 280 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 3,935 1,870 2,065 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 305 160 150 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 5.1 5.1 5.2 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 6.1 6.2 6.0 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 6.9 6.7 7.2 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 5.8 5.6 6.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.6 1.7 1.5 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 113,415 56,035 57,385 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 112,625 55,695 56,935 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 112,610 55,690 56,920 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 5,160 2,135 3,025 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 17,455 8,545 8,915 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 15 0 10 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 10 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 10 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 10 0 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 10 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 10 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,445 8,540 8,905 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 970 525 455 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 10 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 970 515 450 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 10 10 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 845 460 385 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 40 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 0 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 75 35 40 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 430 210 220 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 140 65 75 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 295 150 145 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 175 55 120 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 10 0 10 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 10 0 10 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 15 10 0 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 160 50 110 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 20 15 10 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 10 0 10 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 75 40 35 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 55 25 25 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 25 20 10 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 0 0 10 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 14,835 7,225 7,610 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 180 70 110 1,640 840 795
Armenian 25 10 15 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 1,490 780 710 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 35 25 10 1,030 515 520
Latvian 10 10 0 555 290 265
Lithuanian 30 20 10 475 220 250
Slavic languages 1,455 750 700 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 85 50 35 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 0 0 0 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 345 195 155 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 95 40 50 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 15 0 0 400 220 185
Polish 540 260 280 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 145 70 80 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 90 45 40 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 25 10 15 1,525 770 750
Slovak 60 25 35 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 15 0 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 175 90 85 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 420 215 205
Celtic languages 10 0 0 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 9,810 4,680 5,135 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 25 10 20 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 50 30 25 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,525 705 825 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 45 25 20 465 230 240
German 7,705 3,660 4,045 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 10 0 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 20 10 10 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 150 90 60 545 270 275
Yiddish 0 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 960 500 455 155 95 60
Greek 150 85 60 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 640 285 360 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 535 240 295 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 0 0 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 110 50 60 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 220 105 120 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 10 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 25 15 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 245 110 135 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 10 0 10 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 160 80 80 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 110 45 60 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 40 25 20 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 0 0 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 75 20 50 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 3,200 1,755 1,450 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 10 395 210 180
Italian 735 415 325 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 855 480 380 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 75 35 40 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 1,665 895 770 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 380 245 140
Japanese 50 35 20 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 75 45 30 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 60 35 25 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 10 0 10 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 10 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 10 10 0 415 220 195
Swahili 10 15 0 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 165 60 110 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 75 30 55 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 95 40 55 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 330 170 165 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 310 150 160 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 220 105 120 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 10 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 125 60 70 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 0 10 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 20 15 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 10 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 20 20 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 30 15 15 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 15 0 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 25 15 10 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 55 35 25 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 60 35 25 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 335 160 170 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 0 0 0 780 350 425
Finnish 25 15 10 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 310 150 155 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 113,420 56,035 57,385 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 110,765 54,725 56,035 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 25,590 13,035 12,555 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 85,175 41,695 43,480 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,655 1,310 1,350 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 113,420 56,035 57,385 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 98,585 48,775 49,810 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 14,485 7,095 7,395 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 7,160 3,490 3,675 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 2,220 1,050 1,175 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 2,180 1,090 1,090 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 2,045 1,020 1,030 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 965 495 475 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 1,075 525 555 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 880 450 430 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 345 165 175 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 14,485 7,095 7,395 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 2,455 1,265 1,195 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 3,885 2,035 1,850 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 3,730 1,635 2,095 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 3,790 1,855 1,935 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 625 305 320 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 14,485 7,095 7,395 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 5,415 2,560 2,850 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 30 10 20 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 145 65 85 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 45 15 35 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 45 10 30 1,305 600 710
Haiti 0 0 10 570 250 315
Jamaica 155 70 80 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 3,560 1,715 1,845 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 10 0 0 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 55 25 30 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 905 375 530 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 450 260 190 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 6,865 3,450 3,410 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 150 85 65 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 185 100 90 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 45 25 15 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 490 230 255 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 45 25 20 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 125 75 50 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 60 25 35 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 375 215 160 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,340 690 650 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 340 140 200 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 515 300 210 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 130 40 95 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 55 30 35 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 35 20 20 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 65 25 45 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,195 1,070 1,125 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 715 370 345 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 285 155 130 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 25 15 10 485 310 175
Egypt 45 20 25 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 20 10 10 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 0 0 10 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 0 0 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 35 10 20 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 75 35 40 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 75 55 20 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 1,855 890 970 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 10 10 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 0 0 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 145 45 100 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 45 25 20 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 335 160 170 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 30 10 15 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 175 100 75 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 15 0 15 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 20 10 15 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 200 115 95 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 85 45 40 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 160 55 110 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 0 10 0 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 25 10 15 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 0 0 0 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 195 110 90 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 410 200 205 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 65 30 30 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 880 450 430 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 540 275 265 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 20 0 15 580 250 325
Cuba 20 10 10 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 15 10 10 625 355 265
Mexico 355 190 160 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 110 50 60 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 30 20 10 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 110 55 55 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 10 10 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380
Russian Federation