Census Profile, 2016 Census
Essex [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Essex
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Essex [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Essex [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 125,442 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 120,477 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.1 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 48,268 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 46,332 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 114.0 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,100.62 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 125,440 62,360 63,080 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 21,940 11,350 10,590 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 6,200 3,235 2,970 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 7,505 3,885 3,620 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 8,230 4,235 4,000 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 82,125 40,955 41,165 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 8,415 4,435 3,980 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 7,405 3,770 3,640 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 5,730 2,930 2,800 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 6,175 2,975 3,200 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 7,435 3,620 3,810 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 8,705 4,290 4,420 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 9,370 4,635 4,740 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 10,375 5,105 5,265 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 9,865 4,965 4,900 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 8,640 4,230 4,410 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 21,380 10,055 11,330 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 7,685 3,785 3,900 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 5,295 2,635 2,660 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,515 1,665 1,855 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,390 1,090 1,300 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,495 875 1,615 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,495 605 885 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 780 205 570 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 195 55 140 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 25 5 20 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.5 18.2 16.8 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 65.5 65.7 65.3 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 17.0 16.1 18.0 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.0 1.4 2.6 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 41.3 40.6 42.1 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 43.3 42.6 44.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 46,335 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 39,990 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 505 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 5,135 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,360 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 1,590 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 315 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,830 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 45 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 695 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 46,335 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 9,500 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 16,560 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 7,525 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 8,230 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,515 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 122,575 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 103,505 51,005 52,495 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 66,055 33,150 32,905 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 59,030 29,655 29,375 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 7,020 3,495 3,530 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 37,450 17,855 19,590 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 24,270 13,315 10,960 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 2,460 1,055 1,410 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 5,115 2,285 2,825 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 5,600 1,195 4,400 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 36,930 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 17,545 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 7,570 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 8,090 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,725 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 36,930 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 32,305 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 28,800 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,510 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,620 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 3,525 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,090 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 32,310 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 14,940 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 17,370 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 6,065 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 7,690 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 3,625 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,620 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 2,605 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,505 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 505 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,610 5,865 6,745 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 46,330 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 35,460 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 14,320 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 21,140 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 720 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 10,145 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 9,500 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 645 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 124,610 62,055 62,555 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 109,885 55,335 54,555 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 65 35 35 1,110 530 580
English and French 13,630 6,125 7,505 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 1,025 565 460 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 124,610 62,055 62,555 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 119,820 59,690 60,140 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 3,460 1,665 1,795 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 315 150 165 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 1,015 555 455 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,620 1,735 1,885 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.9 2.8 3.0 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 124,610 62,055 62,555 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 122,815 61,200 61,620 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 108,155 53,870 54,290 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 104,310 52,020 52,285 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 3,850 1,850 2,000 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 14,655 7,325 7,330 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,650 7,325 7,325 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,205 610 595 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 5 5 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 5 5 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 165 95 75
Somali 5 0 0 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,200 610 590 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 0 0 0 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,005 510 490 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 85 40 45 440 240 195
Harari 5 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 10 0 0 1,770 960 805
Maltese 60 35 25 80 40 40
Tigrigna 5 5 5 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 155 60 95 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 15 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 130 50 80 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 280 105 175 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 0 0 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 10 0 5 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 10 10 10 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 5 5 0 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 5 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 240 85 155 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 830 360 470
Creole languages 10 10 0 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 5 10 5 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 85 45 40 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 0 0 0 225 115 110
Malayalam 45 20 25 1,750 905 845
Tamil 30 15 15 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 10 0 5 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 11,405 5,755 5,650 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 80 40 40 1,090 560 530
Armenian 65 30 35 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,405 1,145 1,255 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 20 5 10 645 280 370
Latvian 0 0 0 320 145 175
Lithuanian 15 5 10 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,390 1,140 1,245 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 20 10 10 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 10 5 5 1,725 805 915
Croatian 285 140 145 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 50 20 30 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 310 155 155 250 120 135
Polish 615 275 340 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 105 40 70 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 420 215 200 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 5 1,145 545 600
Slovak 360 180 175 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 15 545 250 290
Ukrainian 150 70 85 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 0 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 2,705 1,325 1,380 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 10 5 5 1,435 730 705
Danish 20 15 10 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 310 160 150 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 5 5 80 30 50
German 2,305 1,120 1,180 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 0 0 0 835 410 430
Swedish 10 5 5 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 25 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 5 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 185 85 100 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 975 475 500 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 880 430 450 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 30 10 15 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 70 35 35 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 105 55 50 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 5 0 5 225 110 110
Marathi 10 5 5 535 280 255
Nepali 5 5 5 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 460 230 235 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 0 0 5 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 5 10 1,455 730 725
Urdu 185 85 95 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 80 40 40 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 0 0 5 1,650 875 780
Pashto 5 0 5 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 80 40 35 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 4,985 2,650 2,340 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 2,740 1,400 1,340 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 855 425 430 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 380 190 190 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,010 630 380 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 60 40 25
Japanese 15 0 5 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 145 80 70 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 60 35 25 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 5 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 5 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 0 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 5 5 0 160 90 65
Lingala 5 0 0 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 105 45 55
Shona 5 0 5 150 70 85
Swahili 10 5 0 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 15 10 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 190 85 100
Sign languages 15 10 5 620 330 295
American Sign Language 10 0 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 755 360 390 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 745 360 385 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 265 130 140 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 5 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 395 195 200 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 10 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 25 25 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 5 5 0 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 35 15 25 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 30 10 15 800 405 400
Thai 10 5 5 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 75 35 40 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 495 275 225
Turkish 60 30 30 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 10 5 5 165 80 85
Uzbek 5 5 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 400 205 205 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 5 5 5 455 195 260
Finnish 40 25 15 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 360 175 180 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 1,790 855 935 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 650 290 355 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 1,040 510 530 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 55 30 30 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 40 25 20 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 124,610 62,055 62,550 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 122,085 60,865 61,220 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 116,815 58,155 58,660 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 115,950 57,755 58,195 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 865 395 470 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 5,270 2,710 2,560 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,265 2,710 2,560 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 445 230 220 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 5 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 0 0 0 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 445 225 220 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 0 0 0 535 250 290
Arabic 375 190 185 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 15 10 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 40 20 20 305 160 145
Harari 5 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 5 5 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 0 0 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 60 30 35 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 0 620 290 330
Vietnamese 55 20 30 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 100 45 50 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 0 0 0 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 5 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 90 40 50 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 10 5 0 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 40 20 20 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 15 10 10 885 450 435
Tamil 20 10 10 1,935 965 965
Telugu 0 0 0 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 3,885 2,015 1,870 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 40 20 15 530 255 270
Armenian 25 10 15 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 730 355 380 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 0 0 0 160 75 90
Latvian 0 0 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 730 355 370 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 10 10 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 0 5 5 925 425 495
Croatian 55 25 25 1,795 840 955
Czech 5 5 5 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 100 50 50 120 60 60
Polish 245 115 125 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 35 15 20 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 140 75 70 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 435 205 235
Slovak 100 40 55 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Ukrainian 15 10 5 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 5 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 740 375 365 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 0 0 0 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 25 15 10 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 680 350 335 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 5 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 5 5 0
Greek 45 20 25 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 585 280 305 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 540 260 280 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 15 5 10 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 30 10 20 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 55 30 35 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 5 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 0 0 0 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 315 160 155 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 595 290 305
Urdu 115 55 55 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 40 15 25 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 0 0 0 1,025 515 505
Pashto 0 0 0 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 40 15 20 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 1,725 960 770 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 535 230 305 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 280 120 155 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 160 80 80 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 745 525 225 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 0 0 0 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 85 50 35 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 15 5 5 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 5 0 5 35 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 45 15 30
Shona 0 0 0 40 15 20
Swahili 0 0 0 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 40
Sign languages 30 20 10 830 460 370
American Sign Language 10 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 455 230 225 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 450 225 225 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 125 55 70 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 270 140 130 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 20 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 5 0 5 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 25 15 10 1,015 435 580
Lao 20 10 5 335 160 175
Thai 5 0 0 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 30 10 20 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 20 5 15 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 10 5 5 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 85 35 45 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 5 5 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 80 40 45 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 2,525 1,185 1,335 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 305 130 180 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 2,145 1,030 1,120 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 10 5 5 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 60 20 35 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 124,610 62,055 62,555 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 113,445 56,820 56,630 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 2,800 1,405 1,390 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 3,150 1,365 1,790 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 5,050 2,400 2,655 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 5 5 0 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 5,050 2,400 2,650 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 20 10 15 965 435 530
English and non-official language 40 20 25 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 90 40 55 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 100,685 49,560 51,120 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 96,520 47,690 48,825 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,292 49,804 31,042 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 96,575 47,690 48,880 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,951 43,546 28,287 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,695 45,290 44,410 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,844 46,531 27,500 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,135 30,605 37,530 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,496 4,849 5,788 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 75,415 40,085 35,325 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,485 43,918 29,315 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 100,720 49,550 51,170 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 96,570 47,700 48,875 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,564 65,002 40,425 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 96,635 47,700 48,930 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,429 52,559 34,529 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,800 45,280 44,525 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,641 63,253 37,815 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,415 30,635 37,775 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,727 7,721 7,732 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 75,450 40,090 35,355 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,799 58,219 38,116 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 100,720 49,555 51,170 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 36,225 21,035 15,190 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 59,770 68,604 49,523 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 72,538 83,400 57,493 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 92.3 85.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.5 75.2 68.3 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 7.7 14.7 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 100,680 49,565 51,120 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 4,170 1,870 2,295 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 96,515 47,690 48,825 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.2 95.5 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,305 4,690 7,620 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 13,435 4,590 8,845 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 11,605 4,320 7,285 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 10,570 4,700 5,865 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 10,825 5,650 5,180 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 8,220 4,490 3,730 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 6,420 3,790 2,630 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 5,210 3,330 1,880 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 4,350 2,780 1,565 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 3,755 2,165 1,595 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 9,815 7,180 2,640 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 6,665 4,730 1,940 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 3,155 2,450 700 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 100,685 49,565 51,120 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 4,110 1,870 2,240 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 96,570 47,695 48,880 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.2 95.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,795 4,770 8,030 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 14,135 4,855 9,275 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 13,605 5,210 8,400 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 13,395 6,455 6,940 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 11,980 6,485 5,495 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 8,725 5,265 3,460 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 6,730 4,385 2,345 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 5,270 3,180 2,085 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 9,940 7,095 2,845 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 3,170 2,105 1,065 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 1,775 1,260 515 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 4,995 3,725 1,270 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 100,685 49,565 51,120 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 25,270 9,480 15,790 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 75,410 40,085 35,325 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 74.9 80.9 69.1 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 13,160 7,620 5,540 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 5,330 2,250 3,080 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,515 3,450 5,065 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 7,015 2,775 4,240 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,660 2,850 3,815 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 6,280 2,800 3,480 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 5,160 2,735 2,420 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 4,540 2,715 1,825 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 4,130 2,725 1,410 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 14,620 10,160 4,455 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 3,380 2,180 1,195 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 3,315 1,870 1,450 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 7,925 6,110 1,815 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 46,330 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 88,045 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,205 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 9,505 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,489 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,539 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 36,830 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,831 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,008 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 46,335 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 109,551 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 90,567 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,495 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 53,658 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,938 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 36,845 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 123,956 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,584 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 46,330 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 315 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 345 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 645 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 880 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,280 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,185 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,430 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,480 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,620 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,715 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,430 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,225 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,185 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,005 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,770 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 19,825 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,865 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,365 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,370 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,230 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 46,330 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 350 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 355 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 670 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 925 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,430 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,350 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,695 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,870 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,010 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,100 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,090 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,985 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,810 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,435 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,995 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,255 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,890 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,765 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,600 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 36,430 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,841 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,972 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 14,025 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,586 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,928 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 17,540 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,431 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,916 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,240 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,579 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,548 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 36,415 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 124,169 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,694 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 13,885 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,771 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,883 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 17,570 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 153,481 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,266 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,250 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 81,629 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,091 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 10,880 5,225 5,655 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 39,507 45,879 33,664 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,144 39,760 31,025 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 10,865 5,170 5,690 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 51,085 60,218 42,783 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,090 47,768 36,929 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 122,570 60,885 61,685 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 44,760 21,305 23,455 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 5,465 2,590 2,880 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 7,245 3,140 4,110 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 9,275 4,330 4,950 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 10,720 5,165 5,545 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 12,055 6,080 5,975 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 77,810 39,585 38,225 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 13,410 6,685 6,725 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 14,700 7,460 7,245 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 16,000 8,140 7,865 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 17,090 8,760 8,330 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 16,605 8,535 8,065 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 122,575 60,890 61,685 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 26,910 13,955 12,955 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 7,580 3,935 3,650 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 75,700 37,335 38,360 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 19,960 9,595 10,365 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 8,845 3,995 4,855 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 2,335 1,195 1,135 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 715 350 360 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 5,090 2,300 2,795 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 1,415 495 920 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 7.2 6.6 7.9 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 8.7 8.6 8.8 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 9.4 8.9 9.9 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 6.7 6.2 7.3 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 7.1 5.2 8.9 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,585 1,740 1,845 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 820 415 400 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 210 105 100 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 2,495 1,215 1,280 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 270 105 165 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 2.9 2.9 3.0 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 3.0 3.0 3.1 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 2.8 2.7 2.7 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 3.3 3.3 3.3 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.1 1.6 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 122,615 60,915 61,700 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 122,045 60,690 61,355 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 122,005 60,670 61,335 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 13,605 6,110 7,495 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 17,160 8,340 8,820 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 35 15 20 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 10 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 0 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 30 10 15 0 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 10 0
Oneida 25 10 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,120 8,320 8,795 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,585 805 785 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 0 0 0 190 110 80
Somali 10 0 0 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,580 800 780 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 10 0 0 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,320 660 660 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 20 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 185 95 80 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 0 0 10 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 105 60 50 165 90 80
Tigrigna 10 10 10 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 185 85 100 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 15 25 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 145 75 75 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 305 95 205 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 10 0 10 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 40 20 25 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 0 10 0 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 0 10 775 350 430
Pangasinan 10 10 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 255 70 190 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 35 20 15 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 15 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 135 70 65 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 0 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 85 35 50 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 55 35 20 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 10 10 0 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 13,320 6,490 6,830 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 140 65 80 1,135 580 555
Armenian 105 55 50 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 2,730 1,320 1,405 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 10 0 10 635 310 325
Latvian 0 0 0 310 175 140
Lithuanian 15 10 10 325 135 185
Slavic languages 2,720 1,315 1,405 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 40 25 15 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 25 20 0 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 460 240 215 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 55 25 25 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 390 205 185 345 180 160
Polish 815 360 455 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 140 70 70 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 590 295 300 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 45 20 20 1,240 595 645
Slovak 355 155 195 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 15 725 330 400
Ukrainian 80 30 50 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 250 120 125
Celtic languages 10 0 0 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 685 370 320
Germanic languages 3,115 1,545 1,570 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 50 25 20 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 35 15 15 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 415 205 210 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 10 0 0 120 55 65
German 2,555 1,275 1,280 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 0 0 0 1,405 730 680
Swedish 0 0 0 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 15 25 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 145 60 85 75 40 30
Greek 220 110 115 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 1,150 595 555 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 1,040 535 505 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 35 15 20 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 100 50 45 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 340 180 165 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 0 0 0 375 185 190
Marathi 0 0 0 1,275 650 625
Nepali 10 0 0 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 495 255 240 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 10 0 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 285 150 135 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 115 60 55 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 20 10 15 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 0 0 0 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 90 55 40 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 6,200 3,040 3,155 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 3,710 1,880 1,835 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 1,070 520 550 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 395 185 205 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 1,210 565 650 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 130 85
Japanese 20 10 10 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 160 90 70 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 95 60 40 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 15 10 0 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 0 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 0 0 10 105 60 45
Igbo 0 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 10 10 0 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 210 95 115
Shona 0 0 0 265 125 140
Swahili 10 10 0 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 50 25 20 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 120 135
Sign languages 115 45 75 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 65 20 50 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 790 370 425 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 790 365 420 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 285 145 135 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 0 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 475 225 250 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 0 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 10 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 20 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 40 15 20 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 25 10 10 1,125 505 620
Thai 10 10 10 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 110 60 55 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 115 60 55 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 500 260 240 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 0 0 0 495 205 295
Finnish 35 20 15 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 460 240 220 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 122,620 60,915 61,700 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 119,885 59,820 60,070 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 26,725 13,910 12,820 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 93,160 45,910 47,250 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,730 1,100 1,630 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 122,615 60,915 61,700 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 107,150 53,640 53,505 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 15,175 7,115 8,060 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 7,715 3,810 3,900 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 1,905 805 1,095 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 2,485 1,115 1,365 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 2,285 995 1,290 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 1,315 585 730 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 975 415 560 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 785 375 400 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 295 160 135 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 15,175 7,110 8,060 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 2,310 1,185 1,120 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 3,310 1,645 1,665 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 3,700 1,565 2,135 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 5,050 2,355 2,695 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 795 365 435 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,175 7,115 8,060 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 3,545 1,315 2,235 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 50 10 40 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 70 20 45 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 20 0 20 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 15 10 10 920 415 500
Haiti 15 10 10 265 110 160
Jamaica 60 30 30 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 845 395 445 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 15 0 10 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 55 20 40 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,130 710 1,420 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 275 110 165 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 7,895 3,960 3,935 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 95 55 35 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 320 185 135 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 65 40 20 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 385 195 190 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 80 65 20 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 200 80 125 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 35 25 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,625 905 720 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 365 200 165 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 470 210 265 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 610 285 325 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 365 180 180 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 65 20 40 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 375 170 200 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 65 25 35 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,875 890 985 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 875 420 460 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 370 195 175 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 0 0 0 430 270 150
Egypt 20 15 10 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 10 10 0 1,665 835 825
Kenya 20 10 10 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 10 0 15 730 385 340
Nigeria 70 45 25 1,205 630 575
Somalia 0 0 0 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 105 55 50 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 130 60 70 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 3,290 1,585 1,710 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 0 0 0 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 30 15 15 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 425 165 260 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 150 65 85 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 640 335 305 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 85 45 40 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 210 105 105 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 10 0 0 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 145 75 70 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 420 225 195 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 190 105 85 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 325 125 195 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 35 20 15 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 105 45 60 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 45 20 20 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 140 65 75 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 355 165 190 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 70 55 15 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 780 380 405 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 335 160 170 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 10 0 10 960 445 520
Colombia 25 10 20 465 220 240
Cuba 0 0 0 70 35 30
Haiti 0 0 0 15 0 10
Jamaica 15 15 0 160 115 45
Mexico 50 25 25 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 180 85 95 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 30 10 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 35 20 10 1,855 875 975
Europe 110 65 45 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 0 0 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0 0 0 545 240