Census Profile, 2016 Census
Essex [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Manitoba [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Essex
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Manitoba

[Province]
Data quality , Essex [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Essex [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Manitoba [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 125,442 ... ... 1,278,365 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 120,477 ... ... 1,208,268 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 4.1 ... ... 5.8 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 48,268 ... ... 539,748 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 46,332 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 114.0 ... ... 2.3 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 1,100.62 ... ... 552,370.99 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 125,440 62,360 63,080 1,278,365 631,400 646,970
0 to 14 years 21,940 11,350 10,590 243,820 125,110 118,710
0 to 4 years 6,200 3,235 2,970 81,065 41,710 39,355
5 to 9 years 7,505 3,885 3,620 83,375 42,565 40,805
10 to 14 years 8,230 4,235 4,000 79,380 40,835 38,545
15 to 64 years 82,125 40,955 41,165 835,580 417,260 418,320
15 to 19 years 8,415 4,435 3,980 82,440 42,555 39,890
20 to 24 years 7,405 3,770 3,640 86,760 44,465 42,295
25 to 29 years 5,730 2,930 2,800 86,695 43,570 43,125
30 to 34 years 6,175 2,975 3,200 85,185 42,210 42,975
35 to 39 years 7,435 3,620 3,810 81,105 39,885 41,215
40 to 44 years 8,705 4,290 4,420 79,325 39,530 39,795
45 to 49 years 9,370 4,635 4,740 79,350 39,220 40,130
50 to 54 years 10,375 5,105 5,265 89,840 44,485 45,355
55 to 59 years 9,865 4,965 4,900 87,765 43,555 44,210
60 to 64 years 8,640 4,230 4,410 77,110 37,780 39,325
65 years and over 21,380 10,055 11,330 198,965 89,025 109,945
65 to 69 years 7,685 3,785 3,900 64,905 31,280 33,625
70 to 74 years 5,295 2,635 2,660 45,980 21,940 24,040
75 to 79 years 3,515 1,665 1,855 33,555 15,250 18,305
80 to 84 years 2,390 1,090 1,300 25,315 10,740 14,575
85 years and over 2,495 875 1,615 29,210 9,810 19,395
85 to 89 years 1,495 605 885 17,335 6,460 10,875
90 to 94 years 780 205 570 8,945 2,710 6,230
95 to 99 years 195 55 140 2,520 580 1,940
100 years and over 25 5 20 415 60 350
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 17.5 18.2 16.8 19.1 19.8 18.3
15 to 64 years 65.5 65.7 65.3 65.4 66.1 64.7
65 years and over 17.0 16.1 18.0 15.6 14.1 17.0
85 years and over 2.0 1.4 2.6 2.3 1.6 3.0
Average age of the population 41.3 40.6 42.1 39.2 38.2 40.2
Median age of the population 43.3 42.6 44.1 38.3 37.2 39.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 46,335 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Single-detached house 39,990 ... ... 331,420 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 505 ... ... 39,080 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 5,135 ... ... 108,120 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,360 ... ... 15,865 ... ...
Row house 1,590 ... ... 17,225 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 315 ... ... 7,065 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 1,830 ... ... 67,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 45 ... ... 755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 695 ... ... 10,435 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 46,335 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
1 person 9,500 ... ... 135,500 ... ...
2 persons 16,560 ... ... 164,880 ... ...
3 persons 7,525 ... ... 71,065 ... ...
4 persons 8,230 ... ... 66,675 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,515 ... ... 50,930 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 122,575 ... ... 1,240,700 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 103,505 51,005 52,495 1,034,545 506,280 528,260
Married or living common law 66,055 33,150 32,905 593,615 297,280 296,335
Married 59,030 29,655 29,375 503,390 252,210 251,175
Living common law 7,020 3,495 3,530 90,230 45,075 45,155
Not married and not living common law 37,450 17,855 19,590 440,925 209,000 231,930
Never married 24,270 13,315 10,960 300,415 162,440 137,980
Separated 2,460 1,055 1,410 24,845 11,080 13,765
Divorced 5,115 2,285 2,825 54,860 22,780 32,080
Widowed 5,600 1,195 4,400 60,805 12,700 48,100
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 36,930 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
2 persons 17,545 ... ... 171,435 ... ...
3 persons 7,570 ... ... 71,630 ... ...
4 persons 8,090 ... ... 65,500 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,725 ... ... 37,600 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 36,930 ... ... 346,160 ... ...
Total couple families 32,305 ... ... 287,200 ... ...
Married couples 28,800 ... ... 242,100 ... ...
Common-law couples 3,510 ... ... 45,100 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,620 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
Female parent 3,525 ... ... 45,930 ... ...
Male parent 1,090 ... ... 13,025 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 32,310 ... ... 287,205 ... ...
Couples without children 14,940 ... ... 137,135 ... ...
Couples with children 17,370 ... ... 150,070 ... ...
1 child 6,065 ... ... 55,730 ... ...
2 children 7,690 ... ... 59,965 ... ...
3 or more children 3,625 ... ... 34,375 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,620 ... ... 58,960 ... ...
1 child 2,605 ... ... 34,305 ... ...
2 children 1,505 ... ... 15,895 ... ...
3 or more children 505 ... ... 8,765 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 12,610 5,865 6,745 212,415 104,435 107,980
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 46,330 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
One-census-family households 35,460 ... ... 323,125 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 14,320 ... ... 130,475 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 21,140 ... ... 192,650 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 720 ... ... 11,110 ... ...
Non-census-family households 10,145 ... ... 154,815 ... ...
One-person households 9,500 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 645 ... ... 19,315 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 124,610 62,055 62,555 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
English only 109,885 55,335 54,555 1,135,395 566,980 568,410
French only 65 35 35 1,485 680 800
English and French 13,630 6,125 7,505 108,460 49,205 59,255
Neither English nor French 1,025 565 460 16,285 7,235 9,050
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 124,610 62,055 62,555 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
English 119,820 59,690 60,140 1,203,025 596,475 606,550
French 3,460 1,665 1,795 39,200 18,880 20,325
English and French 315 150 165 3,545 1,755 1,790
Neither English nor French 1,015 555 455 15,840 6,985 8,860
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 3,620 1,735 1,885 40,975 19,760 21,215
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.9 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.2 3.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 124,610 62,055 62,555 1,261,620 624,095 637,520
Single responses 122,815 61,200 61,620 1,230,115 608,820 621,300
Official languages 108,155 53,870 54,290 941,130 468,430 472,705
English 104,310 52,020 52,285 900,610 448,960 451,645
French 3,850 1,850 2,000 40,520 19,465 21,055
Non-official languages 14,655 7,325 7,330 288,985 140,395 148,590
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 29,710 14,265 15,440
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 28,070 13,505 14,565
Blackfoot 0 0 0 5 0 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 14,820 7,085 7,740
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 30 5 20
Plains Cree 0 0 0 70 25 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 745 305 440
Woods Cree 0 0 0 65 20 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 13,915 6,725 7,195
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 13,235 6,410 6,825
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 0 5 6,730 3,180 3,550
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,505 3,235 3,265
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 375 445
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 815 380 440
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 810 375 435
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 20 60
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 65 20 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 80 40 40
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 5
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dakota 0 0 0 630 305 325
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 5 15 10 5
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,650 7,325 7,325 259,280 126,130 133,155
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,205 610 595 10,700 5,580 5,120
Berber languages 5 5 0 40 25 15
Kabyle 5 5 0 35 15 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 10 10 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,750 875 875
Bilen 0 0 0 155 85 70
Oromo 0 0 0 345 175 170
Somali 5 0 0 1,245 610 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Semitic languages 1,200 610 590 8,840 4,640 4,200
Amharic 0 0 0 1,770 885 885
Arabic 1,005 510 490 4,695 2,500 2,190
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 0 0 0
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 85 40 45 0 0 0
Harari 5 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 10 0 0 545 320 225
Maltese 60 35 25 40 20 25
Tigrigna 5 5 5 1,770 905 865
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 35 30
Austro-Asiatic languages 155 60 95 4,180 1,970 2,205
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 5 15 280 135 145
Vietnamese 130 50 80 3,895 1,840 2,060
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Austronesian languages 280 105 175 52,905 24,685 28,220
Bikol 0 0 0 175 80 95
Cebuano 10 0 5 1,245 565 675
Fijian 0 0 0 35 15 15
Hiligaynon 5 5 5 390 170 220
Ilocano 10 10 10 1,365 630 730
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 5
Malay 5 5 0 175 65 105
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 655 315 340
Pangasinan 5 0 0 135 65 70
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 240 85 155 48,530 22,670 25,855
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 50 30 25
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 70 85
Creole languages 10 10 0 570 275 305
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 20 10 10
Creole, n.o.s. 5 10 5 290 140 145
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 265 120 145
Dravidian languages 85 45 40 1,565 825 735
Kannada 0 0 0 95 50 40
Malayalam 45 20 25 790 410 380
Tamil 30 15 15 480 255 230
Telugu 10 0 5 195 115 80
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Indo-European languages 11,405 5,755 5,650 158,350 77,605 80,750
Albanian 80 40 40 350 170 180
Armenian 65 30 35 65 35 30
Balto-Slavic languages 2,405 1,145 1,255 34,450 15,845 18,605
Baltic languages 20 5 10 165 65 95
Latvian 0 0 0 80 35 45
Lithuanian 15 5 10 85 35 45
Slavic languages 2,390 1,140 1,245 34,280 15,775 18,510
Belarusan 0 0 0 40 20 25
Bosnian 20 10 10 575 285 290
Bulgarian 10 5 5 140 70 65
Croatian 285 140 145 1,030 505 530
Czech 50 20 30 615 310 310
Macedonian 310 155 155 145 70 75
Polish 615 275 340 6,455 2,905 3,545
Russian 105 40 70 9,130 4,495 4,640
Serbian 420 215 200 655 335 320
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 5 240 110 130
Slovak 360 180 175 405 175 225
Slovene (Slovenian) 35 15 15 270 130 140
Ukrainian 150 70 85 14,505 6,325 8,180
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 5 75 40 30
Celtic languages 5 0 5 115 60 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 5 0 50 25 20
Welsh 0 0 5 60 30 30
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Germanic languages 2,705 1,325 1,380 68,670 33,310 35,360
Afrikaans 10 5 5 420 220 205
Danish 20 15 10 280 145 135
Dutch 310 160 150 2,675 1,335 1,335
Frisian 5 5 5 55 30 25
German 2,305 1,120 1,180 63,825 30,940 32,890
Icelandic 0 0 0 475 210 260
Norwegian 0 0 0 115 45 65
Swedish 10 5 5 135 70 70
Vlaams (Flemish) 40 10 25 310 125 180
Yiddish 0 5 0 355 175 180
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 10
Greek 185 85 100 1,285 665 615
Indo-Iranian languages 975 475 500 32,325 17,135 15,195
Indo-Aryan languages 880 430 450 29,520 15,700 13,820
Bengali 30 10 15 1,170 675 495
Gujarati 70 35 35 3,115 1,660 1,455
Hindi 105 55 50 2,270 1,215 1,060
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 5 5
Konkani 5 0 5 35 20 15
Marathi 10 5 5 135 80 50
Nepali 5 5 5 720 355 365
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Punjabi (Panjabi) 460 230 235 18,320 9,650 8,670
Sindhi 0 0 5 60 30 30
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 5 10 670 345 320
Urdu 185 85 95 3,015 1,655 1,355
Iranian languages 80 40 40 2,705 1,365 1,335
Kurdish 0 0 5 415 210 200
Pashto 5 0 5 275 130 150
Persian (Farsi) 80 40 35 2,020 1,030 990
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 100 60 40
Italic (Romance) languages 4,985 2,650 2,340 21,100 10,385 10,710
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 5
Italian 2,740 1,400 1,340 3,840 1,910 1,930
Portuguese 855 425 430 6,585 3,190 3,390
Romanian 380 190 190 645 310 335
Spanish 1,010 630 380 10,005 4,965 5,040
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 15 5 10
Japanese 15 0 5 540 185 350
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Korean 145 80 70 3,760 1,810 1,950
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Mongolian 0 0 0 20 5 15
Niger-Congo languages 60 35 25 3,895 1,965 1,930
Akan (Twi) 10 5 5 150 90 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 75 25 45
Edo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Ewe 5 0 0 30 20 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Ga 5 0 0 15 10 5
Ganda 0 0 0 50 20 30
Igbo 5 5 0 280 155 130
Lingala 5 0 0 75 30 40
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 5 135 60 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 250 125 120
Shona 5 0 5 110 50 60
Swahili 10 5 0 870 420 455
Wolof 0 0 0 75 50 25
Yoruba 15 10 5 1,030 525 505
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 640 315 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 395 215 180
Dinka 0 0 0 175 90 80
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 225 125 100
Sign languages 15 10 5 440 230 210
American Sign Language 10 0 5 240 125 115
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 10 5 195 100 95
Sino-Tibetan languages 755 360 390 18,880 9,320 9,565
Chinese languages 745 360 385 18,305 9,025 9,280
Cantonese 265 130 140 6,625 3,140 3,485
Hakka 5 0 0 55 30 25
Mandarin 395 195 200 10,170 5,110 5,060
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 5 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 10 325 150 165
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 5 5 110 55 50
Chinese, n.o.s. 55 25 25 1,010 530 475
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 5 575 295 285
Burmese 5 0 0 85 50 30
Karenic languages 5 5 0 430 215 220
Tibetan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 20 35
Tai-Kadai languages 35 15 25 1,120 525 595
Lao 30 10 15 875 445 430
Thai 10 5 5 240 85 165
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 0 0
Turkic languages 75 35 40 340 190 150
Azerbaijani 5 0 5 30 20 15
Turkish 60 30 30 210 120 95
Uyghur 10 5 5 10 5 10
Uzbek 5 5 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Uralic languages 400 205 205 1,440 655 790
Estonian 5 5 5 30 10 15
Finnish 40 25 15 225 85 135
Hungarian 360 175 180 1,185 550 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 155 85 70
Multiple responses 1,790 855 935 31,505 15,280 16,220
English and French 650 290 355 4,365 2,140 2,230
English and non-official language 1,040 510 530 25,965 12,530 13,440
French and non-official language 55 30 30 695 380 315
English, French and non-official language 40 25 20 470 230 245
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 124,610 62,055 62,550 1,261,620 624,100 637,520
Single responses 122,085 60,865 61,220 1,197,145 593,020 604,120
Official languages 116,815 58,155 58,660 1,052,345 521,280 531,065
English 115,950 57,755 58,195 1,035,475 513,465 522,010
French 865 395 470 16,865 7,815 9,055
Non-official languages 5,270 2,710 2,560 144,800 71,740 73,060
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 15,770 8,020 7,750
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 15,070 7,675 7,390
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 7,570 3,860 3,715
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 5 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 10 5 5
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 120 45 75
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 7,415 3,790 3,620
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 7,495 3,820 3,675
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 2,505 1,280 1,225
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 4,990 2,545 2,455
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 635 305 330
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 630 305 330
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 5 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 5 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 35 25 10
Dakota 0 0 0 35 25 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Non-Aboriginal languages 5,265 2,710 2,560 129,035 63,725 65,310
Afro-Asiatic languages 445 230 220 6,875 3,475 3,400
Berber languages 0 0 0 20 15 5
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 10 0
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 5
Cushitic languages 0 0 5 1,185 550 630
Bilen 0 0 0 120 65 55
Oromo 0 0 0 210 95 115
Somali 0 0 0 845 385 460
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Semitic languages 445 225 220 5,650 2,895 2,750
Amharic 0 0 0 1,045 520 525
Arabic 375 190 185 3,105 1,600 1,505
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 15 10 5 0 5
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 40 20 20 0 0 0
Harari 5 0 0 0 0 0
Hebrew 0 0 0 355 195 160
Maltese 5 5 0 10 5 5
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,135 580 555
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 60 30 35 2,900 1,370 1,530
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 0 125 55 70
Vietnamese 55 20 30 2,775 1,315 1,460
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 100 45 50 27,215 13,065 14,155
Bikol 0 0 0 30 15 15
Cebuano 0 0 0 495 250 245
Fijian 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 125 55 75
Ilocano 0 0 0 390 190 200
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 5 5 0 55 25 30
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 0 245 120 130
Pangasinan 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 90 40 50 25,790 12,375 13,420
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 10 5 5
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 15
Creole languages 10 5 0 290 120 165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 10 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 5 5 165 75 85
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 115 45 75
Dravidian languages 40 20 20 800 400 400
Kannada 0 0 0 45 25 25
Malayalam 15 10 10 405 195 205
Tamil 20 10 10 240 120 120
Telugu 0 0 0 110 60 50
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Hmong-Mien languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 3,885 2,015 1,870 70,820 35,325 35,495
Albanian 40 20 15 155 80 75
Armenian 25 10 15 20 10 5
Balto-Slavic languages 730 355 380 11,685 5,670 6,015
Baltic languages 0 0 0 25 10 15
Latvian 0 0 0 15 5 5
Lithuanian 5 0 0 10 5 5
Slavic languages 730 355 370 11,660 5,660 6,000
Belarusan 0 0 0 0 5 0
Bosnian 10 10 5 285 145 140
Bulgarian 0 5 5 65 30 30
Croatian 55 25 25 320 145 180
Czech 5 5 5 115 55 60
Macedonian 100 50 50 85 35 45
Polish 245 115 125 2,010 910 1,105
Russian 35 15 20 5,530 2,780 2,745
Serbian 140 75 70 335 170 170
Serbo-Croatian 10 5 5 90 40 50
Slovak 100 40 55 70 35 35
Slovene (Slovenian) 0 0 0 55 20 30
Ukrainian 15 10 5 2,690 1,285 1,405
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages 0 5 0 20 15 10
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 5 5 0
Welsh 0 0 0 10 5 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Germanic languages 740 375 365 25,825 12,700 13,125
Afrikaans 0 0 0 200 100 100
Danish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dutch 25 15 10 270 135 130
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 680 350 335 24,795 12,185 12,615
Icelandic 0 0 0 35 15 20
Norwegian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Swedish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 5 0 15 5 10
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 5 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 30 15 15 465 240 225
Greek 45 20 25 535 255 280
Indo-Iranian languages 585 280 305 22,810 11,920 10,890
Indo-Aryan languages 540 260 280 21,010 11,055 9,950
Bengali 15 5 10 690 390 305
Gujarati 30 10 20 2,100 1,095 1,005
Hindi 55 30 35 1,335 715 620
Kashmiri 0 0 0 0 0 0
Konkani 0 0 0 10 5 5
Marathi 5 0 0 40 25 20
Nepali 0 0 0 540 265 280
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Punjabi (Panjabi) 315 160 155 14,000 7,330 6,670
Sindhi 0 0 0 30 10 15
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 5 0 5 360 190 170
Urdu 115 55 55 1,895 1,035 860
Iranian languages 40 15 25 1,755 835 920
Kurdish 0 0 0 275 135 140
Pashto 0 0 0 165 70 95
Persian (Farsi) 40 15 20 1,315 635 685
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 50 25 20
Italic (Romance) languages 1,725 960 770 9,765 4,670 5,090
Catalan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Italian 535 230 305 1,035 450 590
Portuguese 280 120 155 2,800 1,305 1,500
Romanian 160 80 80 235 110 125
Spanish 745 525 225 5,695 2,810 2,885
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Japanese 0 0 0 175 75 105
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 5 0
Georgian 0 0 0 10 5 5
Korean 85 50 35 2,915 1,430 1,490
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Mongolian 0 0 0 5 5 5
Niger-Congo languages 15 5 5 1,410 695 720
Akan (Twi) 5 0 5 45 30 20
Bamanankan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ewe 0 0 0 5 5 5
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 0 0
Igbo 5 0 5 75 40 35
Lingala 0 0 0 40 20 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 65 35 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 105 55 50
Shona 0 0 0 10 5 10
Swahili 0 0 0 500 240 265
Wolof 0 0 0 25 20 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 345 175 170
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 125 50 75
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 130 60 70
Dinka 0 0 0 80 35 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Sign languages 30 20 10 560 310 255
American Sign Language 10 5 5 255 135 120
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 305 170 135
Sino-Tibetan languages 455 230 225 13,910 6,920 6,985
Chinese languages 450 225 225 13,445 6,685 6,765
Cantonese 125 55 70 4,455 2,105 2,350
Hakka 0 0 0 25 10 15
Mandarin 270 140 130 8,080 4,105 3,975
Min Dong 0 0 0 5 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 10 5 5 135 65 70
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 5 65 30 35
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 20 675 365 315
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 5 0 0 465 235 225
Burmese 0 0 0 55 30 25
Karenic languages 5 0 5 370 190 180
Tibetan 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 20
Tai-Kadai languages 25 15 10 535 250 280
Lao 20 10 5 430 210 220
Thai 5 0 0 105 40 65
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 0 0 0
Turkic languages 30 10 20 135 70 65
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkish 20 5 15 65 35 35
Uyghur 10 5 5 0 0 0
Uzbek 0 0 0 35 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 10 15
Uralic languages 85 35 45 305 140 165
Estonian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Finnish 5 5 0 35 15 15
Hungarian 80 40 45 270 125 145
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 25 20
Multiple responses 2,525 1,185 1,335 64,475 31,080 33,400
English and French 305 130 180 3,090 1,440 1,645
English and non-official language 2,145 1,030 1,120 60,090 28,995 31,090
French and non-official language 10 5 5 415 215 205
English, French and non-official language 60 20 35 885 420 455
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 124,610 62,055 62,555 1,261,615 624,095 637,520
None 113,445 56,820 56,630 1,079,050 535,990 543,065
English 2,800 1,405 1,390 76,350 37,795 38,550
French 3,150 1,365 1,790 20,200 9,130 11,075
Non-official language 5,050 2,400 2,655 83,315 39,860 43,455
Aboriginal 5 5 0 16,105 7,590 8,515
Non-Aboriginal 5,050 2,400 2,650 67,215 32,275 34,940
English and French 20 10 15 305 150 150
English and non-official language 40 20 25 1,610 815 790
French and non-official language 90 40 55 770 345 420
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 20 5 10
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 100,685 49,560 51,120 1,001,305 491,590 509,715
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 96,520 47,690 48,825 954,035 467,790 486,250
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 40,292 49,804 31,042 34,188 40,379 29,220
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 96,575 47,690 48,880 954,205 467,820 486,390
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,951 43,546 28,287 30,465 35,150 26,561
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,695 45,290 44,410 859,545 431,145 428,400
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 36,844 46,531 27,500 32,592 39,229 26,692
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,135 30,605 37,530 701,840 309,530 392,310
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,496 4,849 5,788 4,268 1,890 5,434
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 75,415 40,085 35,325 722,785 374,850 347,935
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,485 43,918 29,315 33,677 39,365 28,679
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 100,720 49,550 51,170 1,001,305 491,580 509,725
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 96,570 47,700 48,875 953,960 467,575 486,385
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,564 65,002 40,425 43,767 51,068 36,747
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 96,635 47,700 48,930 954,175 467,605 486,565
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 43,429 52,559 34,529 35,957 41,013 31,097
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,800 45,280 44,525 859,575 431,035 428,540
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 50,641 63,253 37,815 42,776 50,803 34,704
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,415 30,635 37,775 701,830 308,940 392,890
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,727 7,721 7,732 7,099 6,411 7,640
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 75,450 40,090 35,355 722,785 374,535 348,250
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 48,799 58,219 38,116 42,551 49,417 35,168
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 100,720 49,555 51,170 1,001,310 491,580 509,725
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 36,225 21,035 15,190 350,580 201,335 149,245
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 59,770 68,604 49,523 50,026 54,580 44,818
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 72,538 83,400 57,493 59,523 65,410 51,581
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 89.6 92.3 85.2 88.0 91.7 83.1
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 72.5 75.2 68.3 73.6 77.4 68.6
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.4 7.7 14.7 12.0 8.3 16.9
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 100,680 49,565 51,120 1,001,310 491,585 509,720
Without total income 4,170 1,870 2,295 47,270 23,800 23,470
With total income 96,515 47,690 48,825 954,040 467,790 486,245
Percentage with total income 95.9 96.2 95.5 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,305 4,690 7,620 137,700 62,550 75,150
$10,000 to $19,999 13,435 4,590 8,845 150,320 58,320 91,995
$20,000 to $29,999 11,605 4,320 7,285 136,510 54,950 81,560
$30,000 to $39,999 10,570 4,700 5,865 123,685 55,805 67,885
$40,000 to $49,999 10,825 5,650 5,180 109,710 54,650 55,060
$50,000 to $59,999 8,220 4,490 3,730 80,625 45,170 35,460
$60,000 to $69,999 6,420 3,790 2,630 58,785 35,250 23,535
$70,000 to $79,999 5,210 3,330 1,880 43,365 26,465 16,895
$80,000 to $89,999 4,350 2,780 1,565 34,000 20,100 13,905
$90,000 to $99,999 3,755 2,165 1,595 21,980 13,545 8,440
$100,000 and over 9,815 7,180 2,640 57,355 40,985 16,370
$100,000 to $149,999 6,665 4,730 1,940 40,870 28,585 12,285
$150,000 and over 3,155 2,450 700 16,490 12,395 4,090
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 100,685 49,565 51,120 1,001,305 491,585 509,720
Without after-tax income 4,110 1,870 2,240 47,100 23,770 23,330
With after-tax income 96,570 47,695 48,880 954,205 467,820 486,390
Percentage with after-tax income 95.9 96.2 95.6 95.3 95.2 95.4
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,795 4,770 8,030 142,035 63,525 78,510
$10,000 to $19,999 14,135 4,855 9,275 161,865 63,410 98,460
$20,000 to $29,999 13,605 5,210 8,400 165,880 68,985 96,895
$30,000 to $39,999 13,395 6,455 6,940 153,680 73,335 80,350
$40,000 to $49,999 11,980 6,485 5,495 116,415 63,755 52,660
$50,000 to $59,999 8,725 5,265 3,460 78,105 46,940 31,160
$60,000 to $69,999 6,730 4,385 2,345 53,870 32,165 21,705
$70,000 to $79,999 5,270 3,180 2,085 31,690 19,680 12,010
$80,000 and over 9,940 7,095 2,845 50,655 36,025 14,630
$80,000 to $89,999 3,170 2,105 1,065 18,025 12,260 5,760
$90,000 to $99,999 1,775 1,260 515 10,325 7,305 3,015
$100,000 and over 4,995 3,725 1,270 22,305 16,460 5,850
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 100,685 49,565 51,120 1,001,305 491,590 509,720
Without employment income 25,270 9,480 15,790 278,525 116,740 161,775
With employment income 75,410 40,085 35,325 722,785 374,845 347,940
Percentage with employment income 74.9 80.9 69.1 72.2 76.3 68.3
Under $5,000 (including loss) 13,160 7,620 5,540 90,045 42,675 47,375
$5,000 to $9,999 5,330 2,250 3,080 54,560 23,875 30,690
$10,000 to $19,999 8,515 3,450 5,065 94,460 41,920 52,535
$20,000 to $29,999 7,015 2,775 4,240 89,540 39,650 49,895
$30,000 to $39,999 6,660 2,850 3,815 88,340 41,905 46,440
$40,000 to $49,999 6,280 2,800 3,480 77,755 40,205 37,550
$50,000 to $59,999 5,160 2,735 2,420 58,900 34,355 24,550
$60,000 to $69,999 4,540 2,715 1,825 44,085 27,115 16,970
$70,000 to $79,999 4,130 2,725 1,410 34,450 21,375 13,075
$80,000 and over 14,620 10,160 4,455 90,650 61,780 28,865
$80,000 to $89,999 3,380 2,180 1,195 28,365 16,860 11,505
$90,000 to $99,999 3,315 1,870 1,450 17,635 11,355 6,275
$100,000 and over 7,925 6,110 1,815 44,650 33,560 11,095
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 46,330 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 88,045 ... ... 68,147 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 76,205 ... ... 59,093 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 9,505 ... ... 135,495 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,489 ... ... 35,846 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,539 ... ... 31,538 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 36,830 ... ... 353,550 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,831 ... ... 84,532 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 88,008 ... ... 72,688 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 46,335 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 109,551 ... ... 85,373 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 90,567 ... ... 70,154 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 9,495 ... ... 135,440 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 53,658 ... ... 44,208 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,938 ... ... 36,503 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 36,845 ... ... 353,605 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 123,956 ... ... 101,140 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 102,584 ... ... 83,044 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 46,330 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 315 ... ... 9,250 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 345 ... ... 8,175 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 645 ... ... 11,450 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 880 ... ... 18,260 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,280 ... ... 21,395 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,185 ... ... 19,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,430 ... ... 21,090 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,480 ... ... 21,745 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,620 ... ... 21,605 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,715 ... ... 21,225 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,430 ... ... 40,240 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,225 ... ... 37,910 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,185 ... ... 34,275 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,005 ... ... 31,555 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,770 ... ... 27,215 ... ...
$100,000 and over 19,825 ... ... 144,620 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,865 ... ... 52,495 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,365 ... ... 34,595 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 5,370 ... ... 34,670 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,230 ... ... 22,865 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 46,330 ... ... 489,050 ... ...
Under $5,000 350 ... ... 9,725 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 355 ... ... 8,315 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 670 ... ... 11,860 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 925 ... ... 19,325 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,430 ... ... 24,370 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,350 ... ... 22,665 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,695 ... ... 25,915 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,870 ... ... 26,725 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,010 ... ... 25,965 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,100 ... ... 25,290 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,090 ... ... 48,610 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,985 ... ... 44,280 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,810 ... ... 38,890 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,435 ... ... 32,370 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,995 ... ... 26,890 ... ...
$100,000 and over 15,255 ... ... 97,850 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,890 ... ... 46,355 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,765 ... ... 24,795 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,600 ... ... 26,705 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 36,430 ... ... 341,205 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,841 ... ... 84,441 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,972 ... ... 72,563 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 14,025 ... ... 127,580 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,586 ... ... 79,103 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,928 ... ... 67,596 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 17,540 ... ... 150,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 133,431 ... ... 104,902 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,916 ... ... 89,307 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.2 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,240 ... ... 52,215 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,579 ... ... 49,922 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,548 ... ... 46,048 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 36,415 ... ... 341,235 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 124,169 ... ... 101,410 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 102,694 ... ... 83,132 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 13,885 ... ... 127,710 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 100,771 ... ... 95,583 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 83,883 ... ... 77,743 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 17,570 ... ... 150,695 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 153,481 ... ... 122,176 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 126,266 ... ... 99,399 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,250 ... ... 52,130 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 81,629 ... ... 60,006 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 68,091 ... ... 52,307 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 10,880 5,225 5,655 175,270 86,935 88,335
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 39,507 45,879 33,664 32,927 35,568 30,818
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,144 39,760 31,025 29,429 31,130 28,062
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 10,865 5,170 5,690 174,945 86,380 88,565
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 51,085 60,218 42,783 40,853 43,332 38,434
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,090 47,768 36,929 33,961 35,291 32,663
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 122,570 60,885 61,685 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
In the bottom half of the distribution 44,760 21,305 23,455 687,930 332,640 355,290
In the bottom decile 5,465 2,590 2,880 151,750 74,825 76,930
In the second decile 7,245 3,140 4,110 135,485 62,035 73,450
In the third decile 9,275 4,330 4,950 135,395 64,805 70,590
In the fourth decile 10,720 5,165 5,545 132,755 65,185 67,575
In the fifth decile 12,055 6,080 5,975 132,540 65,790 66,750
In the top half of the distribution 77,810 39,585 38,225 552,770 281,805 270,965
In the sixth decile 13,410 6,685 6,725 127,575 64,305 63,265
In the seventh decile 14,700 7,460 7,245 123,505 62,770 60,735
In the eighth decile 16,000 8,140 7,865 116,805 59,460 57,350
In the ninth decile 17,090 8,760 8,330 104,820 53,835 50,980
In the top decile 16,605 8,535 8,065 80,070 41,435 38,640
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 122,575 60,890 61,685 1,175,720 581,585 594,135
0 to 17 years 26,910 13,955 12,955 260,905 134,075 126,830
0 to 5 years 7,580 3,935 3,650 85,935 44,240 41,695
18 to 64 years 75,700 37,335 38,360 737,035 365,965 371,070
65 years and over 19,960 9,595 10,365 177,780 81,540 96,235
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 8,845 3,995 4,855 180,880 85,185 95,690
0 to 17 years 2,335 1,195 1,135 57,185 29,390 27,790
0 to 5 years 715 350 360 21,325 10,970 10,355
18 to 64 years 5,090 2,300 2,795 98,920 46,630 52,285
65 years and over 1,415 495 920 24,785 9,165 15,615
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 7.2 6.6 7.9 15.4 14.6 16.1
0 to 17 years (%) 8.7 8.6 8.8 21.9 21.9 21.9
0 to 5 years (%) 9.4 8.9 9.9 24.8 24.8 24.8
18 to 64 years (%) 6.7 6.2 7.3 13.4 12.7 14.1
65 years and over (%) 7.1 5.2 8.9 13.9 11.2 16.2
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 3,585 1,740 1,845 115,965 56,255 59,705
0 to 17 years 820 415 400 33,260 17,040 16,220
0 to 5 years 210 105 100 12,310 6,325 5,985
18 to 64 years 2,495 1,215 1,280 73,655 35,895 37,760
65 years and over 270 105 165 9,045 3,325 5,725
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 2.9 2.9 3.0 9.9 9.7 10.0
0 to 17 years (%) 3.0 3.0 3.1 12.7 12.7 12.8
0 to 5 years (%) 2.8 2.7 2.7 14.3 14.3 14.4
18 to 64 years (%) 3.3 3.3 3.3 10.0 9.8 10.2
65 years and over (%) 1.4 1.1 1.6 5.1 4.1 5.9
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 122,615 60,915 61,700 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Official languages 122,045 60,690 61,355 1,224,985 607,375 617,605
English 122,005 60,670 61,335 1,223,665 606,760 616,905
French 13,605 6,110 7,495 108,560 49,435 59,130
Non-official languages 17,160 8,340 8,820 340,250 165,150 175,100
Aboriginal languages 35 15 20 40,465 19,410 21,050
Algonquian languages 10 0 10 38,305 18,375 19,930
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 0 10
Cree-Montagnais languages 10 0 10 20,975 10,025 10,955
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 85 25 55
Plains Cree 0 0 10 190 90 100
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 1,140 505 640
Woods Cree 0 0 0 130 65 65
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 19,435 9,340 10,095
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 17,710 8,520 9,185
Algonquin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Ojibway 10 0 0 9,685 4,560 5,125
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 8,045 3,975 4,070
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,120 525 595
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 1,110 520 590
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 0 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 1,110 520 595
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 110 55 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 80 35 45
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Iroquoian languages 30 10 15 15 10 10
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 15 10 10
Oneida 25 10 15 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 0 0 10
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 210 115 95
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 10 0 10
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 760 365 395
Dakota 0 0 0 760 360 400
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 15 20
Non-Aboriginal languages 17,120 8,320 8,795 299,900 145,795 154,110
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,585 805 785 15,730 8,320 7,410
Berber languages 0 0 0 85 50 40
Kabyle 0 0 0 45 25 20
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 35 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,300 1,195 1,105
Bilen 0 0 0 210 120 85
Oromo 0 0 0 535 275 260
Somali 10 0 0 1,550 790 760
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 15 10
Semitic languages 1,580 800 780 13,685 7,300 6,390
Amharic 10 0 0 2,475 1,370 1,105
Arabic 1,320 660 660 6,650 3,590 3,055
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 20 15 0 10
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 185 95 80 10 0 0
Harari 0 0 0 0 10 0
Hebrew 0 0 10 3,370 1,735 1,635
Maltese 105 60 50 65 30 35
Tigrigna 10 10 10 2,225 1,175 1,050
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 15 10 0
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 80 80
Austro-Asiatic languages 185 85 100 5,230 2,545 2,685
Khmer (Cambodian) 40 15 25 335 185 150
Vietnamese 145 75 75 4,905 2,370 2,535
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Austronesian languages 305 95 205 65,305 30,220 35,090
Bikol 0 0 0 225 100 125
Cebuano 10 0 10 1,615 805 810
Fijian 0 0 0 65 35 30
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 425 180 245
Ilocano 40 20 25 1,875 880 990
Malagasy 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malay 0 10 0 375 180 195
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 0 10 945 415 530
Pangasinan 10 10 0 205 100 110
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 255 70 190 64,165 29,640 34,520
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 115 55 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 80 120
Creole languages 35 20 15 1,310 605 705
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 25 10 15
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 15 635 310 315
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 10 0 680 305 375
Dravidian languages 135 70 65 1,840 945 895
Kannada 0 0 0 175 95 80
Malayalam 85 35 50 830 400 430
Tamil 55 35 20 655 330 325
Telugu 10 10 0 255 150 110
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Indo-European languages 13,320 6,490 6,830 175,950 86,435 89,510
Albanian 140 65 80 390 195 195
Armenian 105 55 50 65 50 15
Balto-Slavic languages 2,730 1,320 1,405 39,530 18,780 20,745
Baltic languages 10 0 10 230 90 140
Latvian 0 0 0 115 45 70
Lithuanian 15 10 10 120 50 65
Slavic languages 2,720 1,315 1,405 39,360 18,720 20,640
Belarusan 0 0 0 65 25 45
Bosnian 40 25 15 835 405 430
Bulgarian 25 20 0 155 95 60
Croatian 460 240 215 1,595 765 825
Czech 55 25 25 735 335 395
Macedonian 390 205 185 140 75 60
Polish 815 360 455 7,655 3,625 4,035
Russian 140 70 70 13,455 6,715 6,740
Serbian 590 295 300 870 470 400
Serbo-Croatian 45 20 20 190 75 115
Slovak 355 155 195 480 215 260
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 15 275 100 175
Ukrainian 80 30 50 17,095 7,795 9,305
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 10 25 70 35 30
Celtic languages 10 0 0 225 125 100
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 90 65 25
Welsh 0 0 0 90 45 45
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 45 15 25
Germanic languages 3,115 1,545 1,570 68,285 33,250 35,035
Afrikaans 50 25 20 715 330 385
Danish 35 15 15 270 120 150
Dutch 415 205 210 3,120 1,555 1,565
Frisian 10 0 0 90 65 30
German 2,555 1,275 1,280 61,760 30,170 31,600
Icelandic 0 0 0 560 225 335
Norwegian 0 0 0 290 115 175
Swedish 0 0 0 270 125 150
Vlaams (Flemish) 35 15 25 270 120 155
Yiddish 0 0 0 545 235 315
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 145 60 85 2,490 1,285 1,205
Greek 220 110 115 2,010 1,015 1,000
Indo-Iranian languages 1,150 595 555 38,760 20,480 18,280
Indo-Aryan languages 1,040 535 505 35,830 18,990 16,835
Bengali 35 15 20 1,520 885 635
Gujarati 100 50 45 3,905 2,065 1,840
Hindi 340 180 165 12,900 6,900 6,000
Kashmiri 0 0 0 20 15 10
Konkani 0 0 0 40 30 10
Marathi 0 0 0 275 170 105
Nepali 10 0 0 600 285 315
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 15 10 10
Punjabi (Panjabi) 495 255 240 22,900 12,035 10,865
Sindhi 10 0 0 150 85 65
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 920 500 420
Urdu 285 150 135 4,600 2,540 2,060
Iranian languages 115 60 55 3,035 1,525 1,515
Kurdish 20 10 15 600 295 305
Pashto 0 0 0 290 135 150
Persian (Farsi) 90 55 40 2,295 1,175 1,120
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 125 105
Italic (Romance) languages 6,200 3,040 3,155 34,360 16,630 17,735
Catalan 0 0 0 15 10 10
Italian 3,710 1,880 1,835 5,350 2,610 2,735
Portuguese 1,070 520 550 8,460 4,125 4,335
Romanian 395 185 205 785 395 390
Spanish 1,210 565 650 20,605 9,910 10,695
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 45 15
Japanese 20 10 10 1,160 550 605
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 10 0 15
Georgian 0 0 0 15 0 15
Korean 160 90 70 4,240 2,100 2,145
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Mongolian 0 0 0 55 20 30
Niger-Congo languages 95 60 40 7,970 4,125 3,845
Akan (Twi) 15 10 0 260 165 95
Bamanankan 0 0 0 160 95 65
Edo 0 0 0 95 60 30
Ewe 0 0 0 50 30 20
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 50 25 25
Ga 0 0 0 30 10 15
Ganda 0 0 10 230 110 120
Igbo 0 0 0 665 345 325
Lingala 10 10 0 655 315 345
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 205 105 105
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 0 305 155 155
Shona 0 0 0 250 110 140
Swahili 10 10 0 1,930 1,020 905
Wolof 0 0 0 150 85 70
Yoruba 50 25 20 2,630 1,330 1,295
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 10 10 1,440 765 680
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 410 225 185
Dinka 0 0 0 180 105 75
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 105
Sign languages 115 45 75 2,670 985 1,685
American Sign Language 65 20 50 1,710 625 1,090
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 55 25 25 975 365 610
Sino-Tibetan languages 790 370 425 21,130 10,490 10,650
Chinese languages 790 365 420 20,475 10,185 10,285
Cantonese 285 145 135 8,310 3,920 4,390
Hakka 0 0 0 50 30 20
Mandarin 475 225 250 12,825 6,460 6,365
Min Dong 0 0 0 0 0 0
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 10 0 480 230 250
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 0 10 185 95 85
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 20 1,115 600 510
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 675 310 370
Burmese 0 0 0 185 115 70
Karenic languages 0 0 0 465 200 265
Tibetan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 60 80
Tai-Kadai languages 40 15 20 1,565 730 835
Lao 25 10 10 1,120 520 600
Thai 10 10 10 575 270 305
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 110 60 55 510 250 265
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 50 25 30
Turkish 115 60 55 365 180 185
Uyghur 0 0 0 30 15 10
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 20 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 15 30
Uralic languages 500 260 240 1,550 730 815
Estonian 0 0 0 45 20 25
Finnish 35 20 15 265 105 160
Hungarian 460 240 220 1,235 600 635
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 445 290 150
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 122,620 60,915 61,700 1,240,700 614,440 626,260
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 119,885 59,820 60,070 1,133,080 560,165 572,920
Canadian citizens aged under 18 26,725 13,910 12,820 266,225 136,640 129,585
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 93,160 45,910 47,250 866,855 423,520 443,335
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,730 1,100 1,630 107,620 54,280 53,340
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 122,615 60,915 61,700 1,240,700 614,445 626,255
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 107,150 53,640 53,505 996,860 494,285 502,570
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 15,175 7,115 8,060 227,465 111,095 116,365
Before 1981 7,715 3,810 3,900 50,025 23,340 26,680
1981 to 1990 1,905 805 1,095 20,205 10,190 10,010
1991 to 2000 2,485 1,115 1,365 23,040 11,165 11,875
2001 to 2010 2,285 995 1,290 70,985 35,305 35,680
2001 to 2005 1,315 585 730 22,570 11,195 11,370
2006 to 2010 975 415 560 48,415 24,110 24,305
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 785 375 400 63,210 31,095 32,120
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 295 160 135 16,375 9,055 7,320
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 15,175 7,110 8,060 227,470 111,100 116,370
Under 5 years 2,310 1,185 1,120 25,595 12,975 12,625
5 to 14 years 3,310 1,645 1,665 45,570 23,305 22,265
15 to 24 years 3,700 1,565 2,135 44,585 20,820 23,770
25 to 44 years 5,050 2,355 2,695 93,700 45,160 48,540
45 years and over 795 365 435 18,010 8,845 9,170
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 15,175 7,115 8,060 227,465 111,095 116,365
Americas 3,545 1,315 2,235 31,980 15,285 16,700
Brazil 50 10 40 435 170 265
Colombia 70 20 45 1,050 510 545
El Salvador 20 0 20 2,480 1,325 1,155
Guyana 15 10 10 1,135 515 620
Haiti 15 10 10 155 75 80
Jamaica 60 30 30 1,810 835 970
Mexico 845 395 445 6,655 3,330 3,320
Peru 15 0 10 235 85 150
Trinidad and Tobago 55 20 40 1,505 785 720
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 2,130 710 1,420 7,100 3,100 4,000
Other places of birth in Americas 275 110 165 9,425 4,550 4,875
Europe 7,895 3,960 3,935 56,705 27,815 28,890
Bosnia and Herzegovina 95 55 35 1,055 530 525
Croatia 320 185 135 975 445 535
France 65 40 20 795 425 365
Germany 385 195 190 10,390 5,215 5,175
Greece 80 65 20 820 445 375
Hungary 200 80 125 815 435 375
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 55 35 25 650 310 340
Italy 1,625 905 720 2,755 1,405 1,350
Netherlands 365 200 165 2,250 1,185 1,060
Poland 470 210 265 5,280 2,455 2,820
Portugal 610 285 325 4,380 2,170 2,210
Romania 365 180 180 720 345 375
Russian Federation 65 20 40 4,245 2,035 2,210
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 375 170 200 355 175 175
Ukraine 65 25 35 4,765 2,250 2,515
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 1,875 890 985 11,665 5,655 6,015
Other places of birth in Europe 875 420 460 4,790 2,325 2,470
Africa 370 195 175 17,975 9,495 8,485
Algeria 0 0 0 115 60 55
Egypt 20 15 10 980 525 455
Ethiopia 10 10 0 2,525 1,360 1,165
Kenya 20 10 10 935 470 465
Morocco 10 0 15 250 140 110
Nigeria 70 45 25 3,820 2,070 1,750
Somalia 0 0 0 755 350 415
South Africa, Republic of 105 55 50 975 465 505
Other places of birth in Africa 130 60 70 7,630 4,055 3,570
Asia 3,290 1,585 1,710 120,230 58,215 62,015
Afghanistan 0 0 0 615 285 330
Bangladesh 30 15 15 880 475 400
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 425 165 260 9,250 4,460 4,790
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 150 65 85 1,460 715 735
India 640 335 305 21,990 11,395 10,595
IranCensus data footnote 61 85 45 40 1,180 655 530
Iraq 210 105 105 860 460 400
Japan 10 0 0 225 70 150
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 145 75 70 2,880 1,415 1,470
Lebanon 420 225 195 265 165 100
Pakistan 190 105 85 3,125 1,675 1,450
Philippines 325 125 195 61,950 28,800 33,150
Sri Lanka 35 20 15 1,015 515 505
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 105 45 60 805 390 410
Taiwan 45 20 20 215 110 110
Viet Nam 140 65 75 4,225 2,035 2,185
Other places of birth in Asia 355 165 190 9,285 4,590 4,695
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 70 55 15 575 290 280
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 780 380 405 63,210 31,095 32,115
Americas 335 160 170 4,130 1,840 2,290
Brazil 10 0 10 100 35 65
Colombia 25 10 20 185 70 120
Cuba 0 0 0 75 25 55
Haiti 0 0 0 15 10 0
Jamaica 15 15 0 340 175 165
Mexico 50 25 25 875 415 465
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 180 85 95 970 445 525
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 30 10 10 75 30 40
Other places of birth in Americas 35 20 10 1,490 640 850
Europe 110 65 45 5,155 2,650 2,505
France 0 0 0 135 70 75
Germany 0 0 0 580 310 265
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 135 80 60
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 160 85 70
Romania 0 0 0 70 30 35
Russian Federation 0 0 0 1,145 530 610
Ukraine