Census Profile, 2016 Census
Etobicoke Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Etobicoke Centre
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Etobicoke Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Etobicoke Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 118,022  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 114,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 46,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 45,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,181.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 37.10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 118,025 56,115 61,910 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 17,215 8,950 8,270 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 5,225 2,760 2,470 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 5,905 3,020 2,885 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 6,080 3,170 2,915 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 75,770 36,650 39,120 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 6,840 3,550 3,295 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 7,335 3,730 3,605 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 6,530 3,350 3,175 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 6,475 3,095 3,375 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 6,375 3,005 3,365 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 6,940 3,185 3,760 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 8,365 3,910 4,455 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 9,560 4,625 4,930 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 9,400 4,470 4,930 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 7,960 3,725 4,235 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 25,035 10,515 14,520 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 6,505 3,010 3,500 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 4,805 2,175 2,630 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 4,385 1,825 2,560 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 4,225 1,750 2,475 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 5,110 1,755 3,360 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 3,100 1,140 1,955 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,630 515 1,120 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 325 95 235 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 50 5 45 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.6 15.9 13.4 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 64.2 65.3 63.2 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 21.2 18.7 23.5 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 4.3 3.1 5.4 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 44.2 42.4 45.8 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 45.8 43.8 47.5 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 45,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 21,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 17,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 5,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 1,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 45,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 11,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 14,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 8,140  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 7,650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 3,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 116,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 100,805 47,165 53,640 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 55,895 27,925 27,970 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 50,720 25,310 25,410 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 5,175 2,620 2,555 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 44,915 19,240 25,670 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 28,245 14,675 13,570 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 2,785 1,075 1,705 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 5,930 2,065 3,865 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 7,955 1,420 6,535 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 33,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 15,400  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 8,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 7,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 33,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 27,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 24,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 2,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 5,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 27,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 11,255  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 15,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 6,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 7,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 2,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 4,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 16,955 6,750 10,205 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 45,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 31,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 21,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 12,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 11,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 116,300 55,595 60,705 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 103,470 50,325 53,140 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 95 40 50 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 9,730 4,020 5,705 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 3,010 1,205 1,805 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 116,300 55,595 60,705 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 110,640 53,230 57,410 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 1,330 595 740 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 1,360 590 770 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 2,960 1,180 1,785 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,010 890 1,120 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.7 1.6 1.8 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 116,300 55,595 60,705 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 112,515 53,765 58,745 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 62,565 30,675 31,895 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 61,365 30,150 31,215 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 1,200 525 675 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 49,945 23,095 26,855 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 5 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 5 5 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 49,935 23,090 26,850 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,375 1,110 1,265 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 0 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 0 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 805 315 495 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 20 10 10 1,445 720 730
Somali 790 310 480 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 1,560 785 775 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 130 65 70 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 955 500 455 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 75 35 40 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 10 5 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 10 10 0 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 285 135 155 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 75 35 35 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 460 195 270 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 5 0 5 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 455 190 265 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 1,860 700 1,160 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 0 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 55 15 40 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 0 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 80 20 60 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 55 30 25 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 5 0 0 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,615 615 1,000 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 65 30 35 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 20 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 560 270 290 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 25 10 15 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 95 45 50 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 385 185 205 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 55 30 25 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 38,140 17,770 20,370 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 1,415 705 715 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 100 45 50 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 17,565 8,010 9,555 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 485 205 280 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 120 50 70 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 360 155 205 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 17,080 7,805 9,280 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 10 5 5 515 230 280
Bosnian 335 160 175 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 515 260 250 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 1,085 515 570 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 235 110 120 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 395 190 210 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 3,845 1,690 2,160 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 1,885 855 1,030 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 3,105 1,515 1,590 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 245 115 130 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 305 130 170 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 305 125 180 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 4,790 2,120 2,670 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 10 15 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 5 5 5 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 450 210 240
Welsh 5 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,345 575 770 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 10 5 5 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 45 15 25 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 165 70 95 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 5 5 0 1,240 630 620
German 1,075 460 620 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 5 5 0 940 405 540
Swedish 25 10 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 0 0 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 10 10 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 915 445 470 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 3,790 1,930 1,865 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 2,860 1,445 1,420 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 300 150 150 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 305 155 150 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 395 195 205 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 45 20 20 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 50 25 30 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 40 25 20 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 410 210 200 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 55 30 25 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 185 95 90 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 1,065 530 530 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 910 475 435 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 35 20 15 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 60 30 35 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 810 425 385 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 13,010 6,065 6,940 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 5 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 5,670 2,685 2,985 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 2,825 1,315 1,510 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 765 350 415 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 3,735 1,715 2,025 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 420 200 215
Japanese 195 65 125 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 35 20 20 1,200 635 565
Georgian 35 15 15 1,200 635 565
Korean 1,720 825 895 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 15 5 10 405 180 220
Mongolian 15 10 10 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 395 170 225 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 190 70 115 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 15 5 10 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 0 5 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 365 180 185
Ga 5 5 0 600 275 325
Ganda 20 10 5 760 360 400
Igbo 15 5 5 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 0 5 5 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 5 5 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 5 1,330 545 785
Shona 10 5 5 1,455 660 790
Swahili 40 20 15 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 0 0 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 35 20 20 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 25 35 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 0 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 15 10 5 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 0 5 0 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 5 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,640 1,225 1,420 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 2,490 1,145 1,345 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 935 425 510 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 10 10 5 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 1,310 620 695 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 5 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 80 35 50 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 55 20 35 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 85 40 50 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 155 80 75 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 10 5 5 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 10 5 5 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 130 70 65 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 30 10 15 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 10 10 5 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 20 5 10 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 495 265 225 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 15 5 10 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 405 220 185 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 50 25 20 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 10 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 910 400 505 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 85 40 50 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 40 10 25 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 785 350 430 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 3,790 1,830 1,960 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 265 130 140 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 3,280 1,595 1,685 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 135 60 75 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 105 45 60 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 116,300 55,600 60,705 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 107,020 51,305 55,710 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 82,085 39,595 42,490 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 81,530 39,355 42,180 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 555 245 305 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 24,935 11,710 13,225 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 5 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 24,930 11,710 13,225 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,195 530 665 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 485 185 300 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 15 10 10 805 380 425
Somali 465 175 290 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 710 350 365 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 60 30 25 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 465 235 235 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 50 25 25 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 5 5 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 5 0 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 90 40 50 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 35 10 25 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 270 110 155 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 270 115 160 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 835 380 455 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 5 0 5 90 35 55
Cebuano 25 10 15 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 5 5 0 910 385 530
Ilocano 25 10 15 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 10 5 5 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 765 345 415 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 380 175 200
Creole languages 40 15 20 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 30 15 20 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 345 170 170 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 10 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 65 30 35 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 235 115 120 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 35 20 20 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 18,265 8,585 9,675 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 690 340 350 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 50 25 25 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 9,695 4,595 5,100 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 155 70 90 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 35 15 25 860 350 515
Lithuanian 115 50 65 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 9,535 4,530 5,005 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 180 95 85 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 350 185 175 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 465 220 245 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 75 35 40 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 185 95 90 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 1,855 845 1,015 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 1,235 585 645 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 2,155 1,080 1,075 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 130 65 65 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 100 50 55 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 75 30 45 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 2,715 1,245 1,465 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 165 70 95 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 10 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 10 0 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 140 55 85 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 0 0 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 320 155 165 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 2,040 1,020 1,020 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 1,515 765 750 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 165 80 80 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 135 65 70 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 200 95 105 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 15 10 10 540 260 280
Marathi 25 15 10 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 30 20 10 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 165 80 85 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 25 15 10 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 45 40 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 650 330 315 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 520 255 265 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 20 10 10 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 30 15 15 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 470 230 245 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 5,310 2,385 2,920 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 1,530 615 915 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 1,165 545 620 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 390 180 210 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 2,220 1,040 1,175 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 110 50 60
Japanese 75 30 45 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 25 10 15 770 420 355
Georgian 25 15 15 775 420 355
Korean 1,295 635 655 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 10 5 10 225 115 110
Mongolian 10 5 10 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 135 55 80 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 80 35 50 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 5 0 5 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 0 0 0 175 80 100
Ganda 0 0 0 195 85 110
Igbo 0 0 0 540 265 275
Lingala 0 0 0 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 10 0 5 455 210 245
Swahili 10 5 5 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 15 5 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 40 25 10 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 5 5 5 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 25 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,705 800 895 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 1,580 740 840 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 505 230 275 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 0 0 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 960 455 500 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 15 25 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 30 15 15 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 45 20 25 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 120 65 60 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 5 0 5 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 15 5 5 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 110 60 50 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 0 0 0 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 0 0 0 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 300 155 145 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 10 5 5 770 385 380
Turkish 240 120 120 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 30 15 15 290 150 140
Uzbek 10 10 0 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 250 130 120
Uralic languages 390 180 210 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 20 10 15 790 290 500
Finnish 0 5 5 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 360 170 195 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 465 245 225
Multiple responses 9,285 4,290 4,995 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 225 105 120 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 8,835 4,085 4,745 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 30 10 15 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 190 85 105 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 116,300 55,595 60,705 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 87,435 42,200 45,230 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 11,330 5,405 5,920 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,025 400 620 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 15,945 7,325 8,620 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 5 0 5 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 15,940 7,325 8,620 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 80 40 40 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 285 135 150 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 195 75 125 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 98,805 46,575 52,230 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 94,635 44,535 50,105 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,048 42,094 33,392 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 94,655 44,535 50,120 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,468 37,395 30,508 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,065 41,140 44,930 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,612 41,339 31,053 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 67,855 29,345 38,510 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,224 1,676 5,933 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 68,035 34,160 33,875 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,181 41,203 34,025 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 98,790 46,595 52,200 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 94,675 44,620 50,055 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 61,115 76,307 47,572 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 94,695 44,625 50,075 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 47,552 57,186 38,966 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 86,250 41,110 45,135 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 61,093 77,871 45,810 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,200 29,560 38,640 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,581 6,883 8,114 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 68,005 34,155 33,850 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,674 72,665 46,565 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 98,785 46,595 52,195 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 32,215 17,455 14,755 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 61,765 65,145 58,108 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 84,748 95,723 71,765 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.9 93.8 86.9 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.5 73.9 65.8 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 9.1 6.2 13.1 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 98,805 46,575 52,235 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 4,165 2,045 2,125 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 94,640 44,530 50,105 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 95.8 95.6 95.9 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,910 6,370 7,540 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 14,710 6,085 8,620 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 11,895 4,945 6,950 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 9,495 4,050 5,445 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 8,535 3,795 4,730 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 7,235 3,395 3,840 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 5,910 2,960 2,945 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 4,635 2,330 2,305 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 3,665 1,925 1,740 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 3,265 1,615 1,645 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 11,390 7,065 4,330 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 6,425 3,655 2,770 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 4,960 3,405 1,560 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 98,805 46,575 52,230 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 4,155 2,040 2,115 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 94,650 44,530 50,120 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 95.8 95.6 96.0 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,340 6,500 7,840 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 15,285 6,355 8,925 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 13,630 5,700 7,930 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 11,420 4,995 6,425 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 10,255 4,695 5,560 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 8,010 3,945 4,065 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 5,725 2,965 2,760 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 4,560 2,350 2,210 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 11,435 7,030 4,405 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 3,185 1,695 1,485 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 1,845 1,095 745 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 6,405 4,240 2,165 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 98,805 46,575 52,230 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 30,770 12,415 18,355 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 68,035 34,160 33,875 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 68.9 73.3 64.9 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,460 4,660 4,795 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,380 2,465 2,920 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 8,440 3,935 4,505 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 6,440 3,020 3,420 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 5,915 2,655 3,260 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 5,790 2,595 3,195 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 5,070 2,490 2,580 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 4,115 2,080 2,035 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 3,295 1,750 1,550 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 14,115 8,505 5,610 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 2,745 1,460 1,285 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 2,730 1,340 1,390 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 8,640 5,705 2,940 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 45,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 82,402  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,509  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 11,075  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,247  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,182  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 33,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 101,134  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 87,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 45,045  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 128,448  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 99,964  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 11,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 54,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,908  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 33,980  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 152,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 118,218  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 45,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 540  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 18,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 5,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 45,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 670  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,760  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,730  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,055  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,120  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,855  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 14,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 6,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 33,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 101,123  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 87,033  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 90,227  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,033  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 15,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 132,079  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 111,296  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,816  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,324  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 33,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 153,622  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 118,678  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 9,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 139,893  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 107,917  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 16,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 194,074  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 147,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 76,399  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,890 5,665 8,230 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 39,281 41,017 38,256 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 35,194 36,215 34,564 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,620 5,465 8,160 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 49,997 52,946 48,022 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 41,052 42,532 40,061 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 116,015 55,520 60,495 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 47,875 22,080 25,790 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 8,950 4,235 4,715 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 9,640 4,345 5,295 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 9,925 4,470 5,455 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 9,480 4,385 5,100 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 9,875 4,650 5,230 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 68,140 33,435 34,705 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 9,845 4,680 5,170 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 10,640 5,110 5,535 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 12,270 6,020 6,240 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 14,170 7,015 7,150 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 21,215 10,605 10,610 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 116,015 55,520 60,495 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 21,185 10,970 10,210 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 6,340 3,350 2,990 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 71,670 34,560 37,115 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 23,160 9,990 13,170 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 13,510 6,225 7,280 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 3,635 1,890 1,750 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,145 605 545 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 7,920 3,630 4,285 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 1,955 705 1,245 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.6 11.2 12.0 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 17.2 17.2 17.1 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 18.1 18.1 18.2 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 11.1 10.5 11.5 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 8.4 7.1 9.5 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,585 4,975 5,610 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 2,745 1,415 1,330 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 885 445 445 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 6,670 3,145 3,520 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,175 410 765 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.1 9.0 9.3 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 13.0 12.9 13.0 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 14.0 13.3 14.9 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 9.3 9.1 9.5 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 5.1 4.1 5.8 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 116,060 55,550 60,510 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 113,120 54,375 58,745 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 113,020 54,325 58,695 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 9,945 4,165 5,775 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 60,620 28,380 32,240 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 10 0 10 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 0 0 10 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 0 10 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 10 0 10 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 60,620 28,380 32,240 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,235 1,500 1,740 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 10 10 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 1,310 555 750 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 60 30 30 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 1,245 530 715 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 1,960 960 1,000 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 155 85 65 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 1,265 635 630 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 90 45 50 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 20 10 10 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 115 65 50 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 290 110 175 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 105 45 60 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 525 215 310 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 0 0 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 525 210 310 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 2,335 930 1,405 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 105 40 65 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 50 15 40 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 130 35 90 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 10 215 115 100
Malay 95 55 35 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 10 0 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 15 10 10 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,180 850 1,325 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 170 85 85 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 10 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 75 40 40 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 85 45 40 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 875 425 455 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 70 30 40 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 170 85 85 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 630 295 335 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 60 30 30 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 46,990 22,075 24,915 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,545 760 785 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 110 45 60 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 19,535 9,150 10,390 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 435 165 275 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 150 60 90 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 285 100 185 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 19,150 9,010 10,135 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 30 10 20 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 550 280 275 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 505 255 250 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 1,785 910 875 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 365 185 180 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 640 295 345 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 5,270 2,345 2,920 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 3,655 1,745 1,905 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 3,785 1,855 1,930 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 240 120 115 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 345 160 185 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 395 185 210 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 5,805 2,640 3,165 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 20 15 10 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 10 10 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 10 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 2,425 1,080 1,340 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 80 45 40 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 45 20 30 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 280 125 160 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 10 10 10 1,655 820 835
German 1,980 865 1,115 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 20 10 15 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 50 15 30 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 0 15 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 20 15 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 1,425 715 710 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 5,390 2,720 2,665 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 4,220 2,110 2,105 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 425 245 180 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 445 215 230 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 1,625 820 800 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 115 70 50 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 105 55 55 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 20 0 15 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 10 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 800 390 410 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 45 20 25 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 295 165 125 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 1,645 800 845 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,185 615 575 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 65 35 25 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 95 45 50 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,050 545 505 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 18,275 8,375 9,905 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 20 10 10 515 275 240
Italian 8,420 3,845 4,575 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 3,715 1,720 1,995 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 985 480 515 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 5,730 2,590 3,140 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 260 115 145 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 50 25 25 1,555 775 780
Georgian 50 25 25 1,555 770 785
Korean 1,930 985 945 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 785 370 415 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 335 160 180 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 30 0 30 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 15 0 15 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 700 320 375
Ga 10 0 10 1,340 645 695
Ganda 15 10 0 1,225 550 675
Igbo 15 10 10 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 25 15 15 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 10 10 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 50 15 25 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 110 65 45 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 115 75 40 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 70 15 55 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 0 15 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 15 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 115 55 60 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 70 25 45 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,915 1,425 1,485 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 2,855 1,395 1,455 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 1,185 585 595 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 15 0 10 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 1,745 850 890 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 115 55 60 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 110 55 55 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 110 60 50 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 65 30 30 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 0 0 0 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 60 30 30 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 25 10 15 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 0 0 0 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 15 0 15 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 615 345 260 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 10 10 10 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 465 270 200 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 85 45 40 700 350 345
Uzbek 25 15 10 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 915 450 465
Uralic languages 995 435 560 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 55 25 30 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 30 10 20 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 915 405 510 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 116,055 55,550 60,510 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 106,645 51,260 55,385 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,985 10,305 9,680 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 86,660 40,955 45,705 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 9,415 4,290 5,125 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 116,055 55,550 60,510 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 66,600 32,790 33,810 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 48,095 22,125 25,970 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 16,345 7,255 9,085 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 5,810 2,790 3,020 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 10,895 5,110 5,785 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 10,730 4,990 5,745 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 5,890 2,775 3,115 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 4,845 2,215 2,625 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,315 1,975 2,340 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 1,360 635 725 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 48,095 22,125 25,975 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 4,460 2,090 2,365 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 8,565 4,325 4,240 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 10,645 4,595 6,050 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 20,695 9,400 11,290 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 3,730 1,705 2,025 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 48,095 22,125 25,975 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 6,965 3,010 3,950 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 520 240 275 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 640 255 385 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 255 120 135 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 580 255 325 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 40 25 20 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 1,020 355 665 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 285 110 170 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 135 70 65 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 555 240 310 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 825 365 455 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 2,120 970 1,150 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 25,595 11,955 13,640 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,125 585 540 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 925 450 480 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 180 75 105 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 920 390 525 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 560 275 285 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 580 255 325 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 200 105 95 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 3,645 1,700 1,940 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 210 90 115 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 3,190 1,380 1,810 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 1,790 795 995 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 825 380 450 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 675 280 395 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 1,685 795 885 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 2,855 1,450 1,400 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,205 1,040 1,165 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 4,035 1,905 2,130 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 2,700 1,110 1,600 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 15 10 0 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 210 100 110 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 195 95 95 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 155 75 85 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 25 15 10 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 230 105 125 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 645 235 405 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 225 95 130 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 1,010 385 630 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 12,705 5,980 6,730 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 440 215 225 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 245 150 95 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,425 665 760 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 385 200 185 108,030 50,945 57,090
India