Census Profile, 2016 Census
Etobicoke--Lakeshore [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Etobicoke--Lakeshore
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Etobicoke--Lakeshore [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Etobicoke--Lakeshore [Federal electoral district], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 1 Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 129,081  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 115,437  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 11.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 64,172  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 59,683  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,263.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 39.55  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 129,080 62,480 66,600 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 16,870 8,575 8,295 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 6,370 3,210 3,165 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 5,630 2,850 2,780 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 4,875 2,515 2,355 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 91,375 44,880 46,495 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 5,370 2,735 2,635 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 7,690 3,835 3,855 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 10,535 5,140 5,395 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 11,230 5,640 5,590 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 10,310 5,075 5,235 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 9,255 4,545 4,715 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 9,150 4,435 4,715 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 10,170 4,905 5,270 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 9,580 4,765 4,820 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 8,075 3,805 4,265 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 20,840 9,025 11,815 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 6,585 3,080 3,500 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 4,615 2,145 2,470 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 3,595 1,585 2,010 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 2,830 1,145 1,685 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 3,210 1,060 2,145 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,895 675 1,220 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 1,040 315 720 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 230 60 170 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 40 0 35 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 13.1 13.7 12.5 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 70.8 71.8 69.8 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 16.1 14.4 17.7 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 2.5 1.7 3.2 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 42.0 40.9 43.0 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 41.3 40.2 42.4 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 59,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 18,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 25,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 15,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 2,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 10,805  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 30  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 59,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 22,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 19,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 8,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 6,530  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 2,640  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 127,475  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 2.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 112,210 53,905 58,305 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 58,970 29,710 29,255 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 48,655 24,485 24,170 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 10,315 5,230 5,085 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 53,245 24,190 29,055 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 34,505 17,880 16,630 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 3,685 1,675 2,010 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 8,770 3,490 5,285 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 6,280 1,145 5,130 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 35,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 19,025  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 8,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 6,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 1,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 35,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 28,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 23,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 5,155  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 5,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 28,510  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 14,585  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 13,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 6,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 5,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,515  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 4,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 1,625  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 31,470 14,815 16,660 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 59,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 33,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 13,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 19,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 745  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 25,445  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 22,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 127,930 61,830 66,105 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 112,090 55,105 56,980 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 95 35 60 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 12,515 5,445 7,070 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 3,235 1,235 2,000 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 127,935 61,825 66,105 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 121,390 59,075 62,315 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 2,140 990 1,155 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 1,210 560 655 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 3,185 1,210 1,975 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 2,750 1,265 1,485 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 2.1 2.0 2.2 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 127,935 61,830 66,105 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 124,005 59,945 64,060 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 76,360 38,075 38,290 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 74,295 37,110 37,185 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 2,065 960 1,100 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 47,650 21,870 25,775 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 5 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 5 0 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 5 0 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 5 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 47,640 21,870 25,770 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,960 980 975 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 10 5 5 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 505 205 305 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 35 20 20 1,445 720 730
Somali 465 180 285 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 225 115 110
Semitic languages 1,440 775 665 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 165 80 90 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 990 560 435 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 60 25 30 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 0 0 0 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 45 25 20 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 105 55 50 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 60 30 30 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 645 285 360 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 20 10 15 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 625 280 345 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 2,630 990 1,645 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 0 5 5 595 260 330
Cebuano 65 20 40 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 5 5 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 30 10 20 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 140 45 95 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 85 35 45 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 15 5 10 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 10 0 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,255 850 1,410 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 85 40 45 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 15 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 595 315 280 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 40 20 25 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 125 70 55 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 285 150 135 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 135 75 60 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 33,210 15,485 17,730 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 1,000 510 485 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 90 50 45 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 16,940 7,585 9,360 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 490 185 305 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 90 30 60 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 395 155 245 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 16,455 7,400 9,055 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 25 10 15 515 230 280
Bosnian 125 60 60 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 325 165 155 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 760 370 385 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 225 120 100 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 140 55 85 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 5,800 2,520 3,280 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 2,690 1,160 1,535 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 1,680 795 890 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 150 70 80 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 385 190 195 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 400 165 235 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 3,730 1,695 2,035 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 15 10 5 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 5 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 1,395 635 760 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 20 15 10 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 45 10 25 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 200 105 90 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 0 0 0 1,240 630 620
German 1,050 465 590 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 5 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 50 25 25 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 0 10 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 10 0 5 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 170 80 85
Greek 610 295 310 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 3,220 1,660 1,560 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 2,420 1,245 1,175 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 415 210 205 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 465 230 230 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 570 310 260 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 0 0 0 345 170 175
Konkani 20 10 10 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 60 40 20 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 75 35 35 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 5 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 325 155 170 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 25 15 15 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 40 15 25 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 425 220 210 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 775 400 370 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 35 25 10 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 25 10 15 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 715 365 350 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 30 15 10 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 9,940 4,745 5,200 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 5 5 0 285 150 135
Italian 2,935 1,385 1,550 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 3,040 1,445 1,590 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 575 280 295 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 3,380 1,625 1,750 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 420 200 215
Japanese 300 110 195 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 30 15 15 1,200 635 565
Georgian 30 15 15 1,200 635 565
Korean 1,955 850 1,105 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 40 20 25 405 180 220
Mongolian 40 15 20 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 360 170 190 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 75 45 35 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 5 0 5 140 60 80
Edo 10 5 5 1,140 475 670
Ewe 5 0 0 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 5 365 180 185
Ga 10 0 5 600 275 325
Ganda 20 5 15 760 360 400
Igbo 25 15 15 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 10 5 10 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 5 0 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 5 10 1,330 545 785
Shona 25 10 10 1,455 660 790
Swahili 65 30 35 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 5 0 290 145 150
Yoruba 40 20 15 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 20 25 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 5 0 1,610 810 800
Dinka 5 5 5 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 25 15 10 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 15 10 5 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 10 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 4,500 2,000 2,500 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 3,135 1,345 1,790 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 1,315 565 750 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 45 20 20 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 1,475 630 850 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 35 50 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 80 35 45 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 135 55 80 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,365 650 710 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 30 15 10 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 1,310 630 685 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 80 20 55 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 20 5 15 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 60 15 45 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 415 210 205 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 325 160 165 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 10 10 5 515 255 260
Uzbek 50 30 20 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 760 345 415 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 90 50 45 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 60 20 40 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 610 275 335 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 3,925 1,885 2,045 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 360 175 185 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 3,330 1,595 1,730 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 105 45 60 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 135 60 75 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 127,930 61,825 66,105 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 119,375 57,805 61,575 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 96,120 47,065 49,055 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 95,330 46,710 48,620 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 790 355 435 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 23,255 10,735 12,520 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 5 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 23,250 10,735 12,520 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 880 400 475 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 270 105 165 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 15 10 10 805 380 425
Somali 255 100 155 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 605 295 310 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 65 30 40 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 440 220 215 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 20 10 10 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 20 5 15 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 30 10 20 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 330 150 175 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 325 150 170 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 1,155 490 665 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 20 10 10 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 15 5 10 910 385 530
Ilocano 30 15 20 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 5 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 25 20 10 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 445 200 250
Pangasinan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,050 440 610 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 0 0 5 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 35 15 15 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 5 5 0 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 305 150 150 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 20 10 10 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 50 25 25 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 160 85 85 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 65 35 30 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 15,530 7,240 8,295 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 515 270 245 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 25 15 15 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 9,035 4,155 4,885 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 185 85 105 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 20 10 15 860 350 515
Lithuanian 165 75 90 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 8,850 4,075 4,775 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 20 5 10 175 80 90
Bosnian 55 25 30 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 185 100 90 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 270 135 140 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 50 30 20 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 30 15 15 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 2,880 1,295 1,580 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 1,735 780 955 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 1,050 490 560 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 65 30 35 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 140 75 65 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 150 60 90 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 2,210 1,030 1,180 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 190 90 95 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 0 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 5 5 5 280 135 150
Dutch 15 10 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 145 65 75 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 5 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 15 10 5 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 190 90 100 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 1,445 735 710 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 1,030 535 495 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 205 100 105 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 210 105 105 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 230 125 100 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 5 0 0 540 260 280
Marathi 20 10 5 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 60 30 30 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 5 5 5 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 100 50 50 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 5 0 5 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 10 10 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 170 95 80 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 405 190 210 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 20 10 10 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 15 5 10 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 375 175 200 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 4,130 1,885 2,240 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 5 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 940 385 560 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 1,255 595 660 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 240 115 125 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 1,685 795 890 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 60
Japanese 130 55 70 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 15 10 10 770 420 355
Georgian 15 10 10 775 420 355
Korean 1,435 625 810 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 30 10 15 225 115 110
Mongolian 25 15 15 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 155 65 90 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 25 10 20 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 5 0 5 25 15 15
Edo 0 0 0 305 120 180
Ewe 0 0 0 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 5 110 55 55
Ga 5 0 5 175 80 100
Ganda 10 5 5 195 85 110
Igbo 20 10 10 540 265 275
Lingala 5 0 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 10 0 5 455 210 245
Swahili 40 15 25 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 0 0 130 65 65
Yoruba 15 10 5 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 5 0 550 260 290
Dinka 0 5 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 40 25 15 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 20 10 10 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 15 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,710 1,255 1,455 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 1,690 760 930 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 570 260 310 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 5 0 5 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 980 435 540 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 15 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 40 20 25 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 60 20 35 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,020 495 525 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 20 15 10 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 995 480 515 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 40 15 25 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 0 0 0 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 40 15 20 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 195 95 100 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 770 385 380
Turkish 160 75 85 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 10 5 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 25 20 10 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 245 105 140 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 25 10 20 790 290 500
Finnish 5 5 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 215 95 120 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 465 245 225
Multiple responses 8,555 4,025 4,530 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 310 150 165 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 8,005 3,775 4,230 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 35 15 20 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 205 85 120 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 127,935 61,825 66,105 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 100,425 49,035 51,385 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 9,945 4,725 5,220 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 1,580 705 875 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 15,410 7,090 8,320 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 10 5 10 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 15,400 7,090 8,310 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 95 40 55 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 240 115 120 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 235 110 125 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 110,640 53,095 57,545 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 106,920 51,360 55,560 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,763 43,282 34,934 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 106,935 51,360 55,575 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,687 38,266 31,702 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 96,175 46,860 49,325 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,892 45,060 35,293 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,300 32,015 40,280 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 2,682 1,150 4,150 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 81,130 40,760 40,365 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,584 45,926 37,750 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 110,720 53,050 57,665 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 106,970 51,280 55,690 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 59,192 69,949 49,285 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 106,980 51,285 55,705 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 46,362 53,280 39,993 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 96,330 47,020 49,315 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 60,612 72,153 49,608 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,255 31,845 40,415 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 6,818 6,106 7,378 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 81,180 40,740 40,440 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 60,128 69,691 50,495 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 110,715 53,055 57,665 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 41,060 22,200 18,860 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 62,091 64,904 59,529 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 83,658 93,101 72,543 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 92.2 94.5 89.1 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 77.0 79.4 74.0 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 7.8 5.5 10.9 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 110,640 53,095 57,540 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 3,720 1,735 1,980 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 106,920 51,360 55,565 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 96.6 96.7 96.6 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 14,940 6,845 8,100 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 16,670 7,075 9,590 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 12,710 5,505 7,200 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 10,370 4,650 5,720 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 9,610 4,530 5,075 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 8,135 3,920 4,210 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 6,955 3,385 3,565 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 5,505 2,830 2,675 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 4,525 2,360 2,165 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 3,820 1,950 1,870 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 13,690 8,305 5,385 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 8,045 4,600 3,445 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 5,645 3,705 1,940 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 110,640 53,095 57,545 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 3,705 1,730 1,970 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 106,935 51,365 55,575 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 96.7 96.7 96.6 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 15,330 6,980 8,355 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 17,410 7,460 9,950 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 14,605 6,380 8,225 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 12,915 5,920 6,995 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 11,540 5,530 6,010 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 9,230 4,535 4,690 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 6,920 3,565 3,355 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 5,545 2,915 2,630 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 13,445 8,080 5,370 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 3,790 2,030 1,765 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 2,285 1,320 965 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 7,370 4,725 2,645 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 110,640 53,095 57,545 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 29,510 12,335 17,175 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 81,130 40,760 40,370 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 73.3 76.8 70.2 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,345 4,450 4,895 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 5,640 2,550 3,090 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 9,435 4,305 5,135 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 7,590 3,515 4,075 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 7,300 3,400 3,895 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 7,250 3,500 3,750 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 6,390 3,190 3,200 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 5,490 2,780 2,705 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 4,485 2,385 2,105 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 18,205 10,685 7,520 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 3,745 1,995 1,750 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 3,375 1,710 1,670 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 11,080 6,985 4,100 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 59,685  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 71,894  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 61,864  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 22,520  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 44,308  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 38,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 37,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 96,465  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 83,216  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 59,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 105,994  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 83,033  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 22,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 57,259  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 45,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 37,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 135,491  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 105,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 59,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,795  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,250  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,290  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 20,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 4,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 5,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 59,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 1,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,825  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 2,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,555  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,780  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 5,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 4,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,485  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 15,655  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 6,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 35,085  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,822  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,207  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 2.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 13,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 95,119  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 80,993  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 13,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 128,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,244  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 3.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,195  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,087  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 35,190  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 137,606  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,702  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 13,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 132,834  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 103,378  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,005  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 173,754  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 131,415  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 73,346  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 62,455  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 28,320 13,540 14,775 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 39,215 40,304 38,263 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 34,804 35,655 34,071 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 28,280 13,410 14,870 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 52,647 54,516 50,960 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 42,604 43,369 41,914 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 127,470 61,655 65,820 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 55,590 26,195 29,395 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 14,435 6,875 7,560 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 11,570 5,330 6,245 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 9,985 4,605 5,375 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 9,600 4,615 4,980 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 10,010 4,770 5,240 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 71,880 35,455 36,420 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 10,505 5,100 5,400 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 11,465 5,565 5,900 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 12,790 6,310 6,480 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 15,430 7,580 7,850 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 21,685 10,900 10,785 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 127,470 61,655 65,820 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 19,840 10,145 9,695 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 7,555 3,790 3,765 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 87,660 42,710 44,950 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 19,965 8,795 11,170 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 19,645 9,095 10,540 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 3,420 1,775 1,640 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 1,220 625 590 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 12,935 6,040 6,895 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 3,290 1,285 2,005 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.4 14.8 16.0 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 17.2 17.5 16.9 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 16.1 16.5 15.7 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 14.8 14.1 15.3 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 16.5 14.6 17.9 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 16,595 7,835 8,760 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 2,580 1,335 1,240 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 910 455 450 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 11,680 5,620 6,055 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 2,340 875 1,465 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 13.0 12.7 13.3 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 13.0 13.2 12.8 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 12.0 12.0 12.0 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 13.3 13.2 13.5 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 11.7 9.9 13.1 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 127,525 61,645 65,880 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 124,365 60,370 63,995 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 124,250 60,340 63,915 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 12,565 5,410 7,155 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 57,700 26,755 30,945 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 30 10 20 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 15 0 15 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 0 10 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 0 205 95 105
Ojibway 15 0 10 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 0 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 10 10 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 10 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 57,685 26,750 30,930 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,750 1,380 1,375 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 0 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 0 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 625 235 395 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 70 35 40 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 555 200 355 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 2,175 1,165 1,005 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 275 130 150 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 1,525 835 690 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 0 0 0 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 200 105 90 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 165 100 60 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 30 15 10 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 25 15 10 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 880 415 465 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 0 10 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 865 410 460 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 3,220 1,175 2,045 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 0 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 105 50 55 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 25 10 20 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 155 60 95 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 90 20 65 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 10 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 0 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,035 1,100 1,935 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 270 125 150 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 35 20 10 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 70 25 45 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 170 80 95 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 895 515 380 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 70 35 35 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 195 105 95 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 450 275 175 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 280 175 110 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 41,480 19,480 22,000 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 1,175 620 555 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 120 70 55 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 18,790 8,615 10,175 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 570 240 330 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 95 40 55 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 475 200 280 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 18,380 8,445 9,940 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 60 30 35 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 310 135 170 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 325 180 150 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 1,240 645 595 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 360 190 175 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 200 80 125 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 7,150 3,160 3,995 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 4,545 2,100 2,445 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 2,115 1,025 1,085 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 195 95 95 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 390 175 220 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 410 170 235 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 4,905 2,265 2,650 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 75 45 30 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 30 20 10 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 20 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 2,425 1,165 1,260 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 50 35 15 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 75 35 40 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 280 130 150 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 1,960 945 1,015 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 10 0 10 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 135 70 70 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 10 0 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 895 470 430 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 5,325 2,685 2,645 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 4,490 2,255 2,230 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 500 275 220 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 795 430 370 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 2,535 1,300 1,235 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 65 20 45 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 140 65 75 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 275 135 140 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 20 10 10 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 670 350 315 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 65 40 30 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 70 30 40 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 820 395 425 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 835 425 415 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 60 40 20 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 50 15 30 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 735 375 365 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 14,120 6,520 7,600 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 10 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 4,665 2,135 2,535 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 3,945 1,855 2,095 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 675 305 370 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 5,705 2,635 3,075 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,355 745 605
Japanese 555 230 325 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 10 10 1,555 775 780
Georgian 10 10 10 1,555 770 785
Korean 2,170 960 1,210 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 50 15 40 515 225 285
Mongolian 50 15 35 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 710 345 370 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 125 55 65 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 0 0 0 385 195 185
Edo 10 0 0 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 10 10 0 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 10 0 700 320 375
Ga 20 10 15 1,340 645 695
Ganda 10 0 10 1,225 550 675
Igbo 50 20 30 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 0 10 0 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 15 0 10 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 105 55 50 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 200 100 95 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 0 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 70 40 35 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 155 70 85 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 10 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 175 55 120 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 130 40 95 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 5,115 2,310 2,805 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 3,610 1,580 2,030 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 1,560 680 885 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 55 10 45 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 1,995 885 1,110 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 155 70 90 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 125 60 70 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 165 55 105 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 1,510 730 775 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 15 0 10 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 0 0 0 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 1,475 710 760 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 110 40 70 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 25 10 20 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 100 30 60 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 665 370 295 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 30 15 15 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 495 270 225 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 0 0 0 700 350 345
Uzbek 120 70 50 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 915 450 465
Uralic languages 815 400 420 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 90 50 40 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 40 15 25 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 685 335 355 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 45 35 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 127,525 61,645 65,880 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 114,640 55,545 59,095 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 18,630 9,555 9,075 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 96,010 45,990 50,025 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 12,880 6,095 6,785 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 127,525 61,645 65,880 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 76,310 37,775 38,545 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 48,230 22,395 25,835 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 14,030 6,510 7,520 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 6,775 3,340 3,435 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 10,000 4,360 5,640 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 11,305 5,250 6,055 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 5,910 2,745 3,165 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 5,395 2,510 2,890 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 6,125 2,935 3,185 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,975 1,475 1,500 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 48,230 22,395 25,840 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 4,345 2,075 2,270 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 8,745 4,310 4,435 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 10,105 4,575 5,535 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 20,885 9,770 11,110 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 4,155 1,665 2,495 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 48,230 22,395 25,835 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 6,930 3,165 3,765 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 450 195 255 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 355 190 160 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 195 80 115 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 585 195 385 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 50 30 20 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 865 410 450 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 410 180 225 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 235 110 125 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 705 300 405 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,115 495 620 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 1,975 975 1,000 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 23,650 11,135 12,515 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 650 310 340 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 595 290 310 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 235 115 115 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 760 375 390 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 265 150 115 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 405 205 200 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 350 170 185 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 1,810 840 970 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 175 95 80 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 4,805 2,180 2,625 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 1,745 860 880 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 625 260 360 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 1,120 425 695 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 950 445 505 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 3,105 1,430 1,675 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,790 1,310 1,485 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 3,270 1,680 1,590 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 2,405 1,180 1,225 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 45 35 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 205 125 85 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 240 120 120 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 190 85 105 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 70 35 35 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 195 100 90 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 335 125 215 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 230 115 110 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 890 445 450 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 15,010 6,790 8,220 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 60 25 30 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 290 155 130 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,725 770 955 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 455 180 275 108,030 50,945 57,090