Census Profile, 2016 Census
Etobicoke North [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Ontario [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Etobicoke North
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Ontario

[Province]
Data quality , Etobicoke North [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Etobicoke North [Federal electoral district], Ontario Data quality : Ontario [Province]  Map : geography 2
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Total Male Female Total Male Female
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 118,040  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,448,494  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 117,601  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 12,851,821  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 39,792  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,598,391  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 37,937  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,174  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Population density per square kilometre 2,470.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14.8  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Land area in square kilometres 47.77  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 908,699.33  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 118,040 57,705 60,335 13,448,495 6,559,390 6,889,105
0 to 14 years 21,720 11,175 10,540 2,207,970 1,131,615 1,076,350
0 to 4 years 6,815 3,510 3,305 697,360 357,300 340,055
5 to 9 years 7,500 3,890 3,610 756,085 387,320 368,765
10 to 14 years 7,405 3,775 3,625 754,530 387,000 367,530
15 to 64 years 79,560 38,905 40,655 8,988,865 4,412,115 4,576,750
15 to 19 years 8,380 4,380 4,000 811,670 416,730 394,945
20 to 24 years 9,545 5,000 4,550 894,390 457,815 436,570
25 to 29 years 8,620 4,345 4,280 874,350 436,345 438,010
30 to 34 years 7,950 3,700 4,250 864,765 420,800 443,965
35 to 39 years 7,450 3,465 3,985 842,485 402,900 439,585
40 to 44 years 7,345 3,390 3,960 871,875 418,465 453,415
45 to 49 years 8,055 3,805 4,255 937,385 453,105 484,275
50 to 54 years 8,485 4,145 4,340 1,056,345 517,170 539,175
55 to 59 years 7,620 3,825 3,795 989,460 482,280 507,180
60 to 64 years 6,100 2,860 3,240 846,145 406,505 439,640
65 years and over 16,765 7,625 9,145 2,251,655 1,015,655 1,236,000
65 to 69 years 5,265 2,500 2,770 737,745 352,475 385,270
70 to 74 years 3,830 1,830 1,995 528,645 250,455 278,185
75 to 79 years 3,030 1,350 1,680 393,010 179,810 213,195
80 to 84 years 2,455 1,110 1,350 291,185 126,825 164,360
85 years and over 2,180 835 1,340 301,075 106,090 194,985
85 to 89 years 1,475 610 870 188,470 73,045 115,425
90 to 94 years 580 200 385 88,390 27,400 60,990
95 to 99 years 105 30 75 21,210 5,150 16,060
100 years and over 15 0 10 3,005 495 2,520
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 18.4 19.4 17.5 16.4 17.3 15.6
15 to 64 years 67.4 67.4 67.4 66.8 67.3 66.4
65 years and over 14.2 13.2 15.2 16.7 15.5 17.9
85 years and over 1.8 1.4 2.2 2.2 1.6 2.8
Average age of the population 38.3 37.3 39.3 41.0 40.0 41.9
Median age of the population 36.8 35.3 38.2 41.3 40.2 42.4
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 37,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Single-detached house 11,230  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,807,380  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 15,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 886,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,930  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,460,200  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Semi-detached house 1,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 289,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Row house 3,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 460,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 176,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 522,810  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Other single-attached house 10  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 10,910  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 14,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 37,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 person 7,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 9,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,693,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 7,360  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 834,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 6,970  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 796,320  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 7,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 503,775  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Number of persons in private households 117,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 13,242,160  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average household size 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.6  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 96,325 46,530 49,795 11,240,525 5,427,775 5,812,750
Married or living common law 47,955 24,080 23,875 6,438,085 3,219,290 3,218,795
Married 44,255 22,205 22,050 5,531,930 2,764,275 2,767,655
Living common law 3,700 1,870 1,830 906,155 455,015 451,145
Not married and not living common law 48,370 22,450 25,915 4,802,440 2,208,485 2,593,955
Never married 33,865 17,870 16,000 3,182,785 1,689,180 1,493,605
Separated 3,520 1,345 2,175 328,675 138,140 190,535
Divorced 5,770 2,240 3,530 653,835 252,900 400,935
Widowed 5,215 995 4,215 637,150 128,265 508,880
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 31,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,540  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 persons 12,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,815,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 persons 8,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 844,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
4 persons 7,165  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 792,435  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
5 or more persons 4,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 330,560  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average size of census families 3.2  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.9  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 31,390  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,782,545  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total couple families 22,715  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Married couples 20,860  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,684,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Common-law couples 1,850  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 452,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 8,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Female parent 7,375  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 518,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Male parent 1,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 126,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 22,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,137,565  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples without children 7,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,428,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Couples with children 14,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,708,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 5,495  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 658,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 6,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 738,710  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 3,355  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 311,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 8,680  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 644,975  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
1 child 4,340  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 386,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
2 children 2,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 186,240  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
3 or more children 1,815  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 72,310  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 17,660 9,065 8,590 2,139,825 990,525 1,149,300
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 37,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-census-family households 26,145  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,481,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 6,010  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,311,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 20,135  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2,170,315  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Multiple-census-family households 2,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 145,615  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Non-census-family households 9,260  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,541,665  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
One-person households 7,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,305  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,365  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 117,170 57,350 59,825 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
English only 105,590 52,605 52,985 11,455,500 5,689,830 5,765,665
French only 175 80 95 40,040 17,340 22,705
English and French 5,425 2,430 2,995 1,490,390 665,850 824,540
Neither English nor French 5,985 2,240 3,745 326,935 130,850 196,085
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 117,175 57,355 59,820 13,312,865 6,503,880 6,808,995
English 109,160 54,160 55,000 12,394,325 6,095,970 6,298,355
French 1,170 535 645 504,130 236,875 267,250
English and French 950 470 480 92,940 42,910 50,030
Neither English nor French 5,890 2,195 3,695 321,480 128,125 193,355
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,650 765 885 550,600 258,330 292,270
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.4 1.3 1.5 4.1 4.0 4.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 117,175 57,355 59,820 13,312,870 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 111,190 54,350 56,840 12,946,960 6,327,630 6,619,330
Official languages 52,945 26,050 26,900 9,393,040 4,637,520 4,755,520
English 52,020 25,635 26,385 8,902,320 4,406,210 4,496,110
French 925 415 510 490,715 231,310 259,410
Non-official languages 58,245 28,300 29,945 3,553,920 1,690,110 1,863,810
Aboriginal languages 10 5 10 22,765 10,815 11,950
Algonquian languages 5 5 5 21,235 10,175 11,060
Blackfoot 0 0 0 10 5 5
Cree-Montagnais languages 5 0 5 5,080 2,485 2,595
Atikamekw 0 0 0 5 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 85 40 45
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Plains Cree 0 0 0 35 5 30
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 5 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 355 135 225
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 4,500 2,255 2,245
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 90 40 50
Malecite 0 0 0 10 5 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 0 85 35 50
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 16,025 7,620 8,400
Algonquin 0 0 0 65 30 35
Ojibway 5 0 0 9,505 4,515 4,985
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 6,310 3,015 3,300
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 145 65 80
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 20 10
Athabaskan languages 0 5 0 60 20 40
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dene 0 0 0 20 10 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 10 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 0 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 475 165 305
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 425 145 280
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 710 300 410
Cayuga 0 0 0 40 20 20
Mohawk 0 0 0 590 255 335
Oneida 0 0 0 55 15 40
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 15
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 25 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 5
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 5 5 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 5 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 5 0 0 235 130 105
Non-Aboriginal languages 58,230 28,295 29,930 3,531,160 1,679,300 1,851,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 9,445 4,395 5,045 253,830 127,720 126,110
Berber languages 5 0 0 725 405 320
Kabyle 5 0 0 425 225 200
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 305 180 120
Cushitic languages 3,470 1,475 1,995 24,605 10,730 13,870
Bilen 0 0 0 250 140 110
Oromo 45 25 15 1,445 720 730
Somali 3,430 1,450 1,980 22,680 9,755 12,925
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 225 115 110
Semitic languages 5,920 2,890 3,030 227,985 116,320 111,665
Amharic 185 85 95 10,720 4,960 5,760
Arabic 2,070 1,015 1,060 171,370 88,400 82,965
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,835 1,380 1,455 14,555 7,135 7,420
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 405 210 200 4,795 2,365 2,425
Harari 10 5 5 1,030 485 545
Hebrew 5 5 0 11,575 6,220 5,350
Maltese 110 55 55 5,175 2,575 2,600
Tigrigna 185 80 105 7,345 3,470 3,870
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 110 55 50 1,435 705 730
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 50 30 25 520 265 250
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,120 515 600 78,125 35,880 42,240
Khmer (Cambodian) 80 45 40 7,355 3,330 4,020
Vietnamese 1,035 475 560 70,690 32,520 38,165
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 85 30 50
Austronesian languages 2,965 1,205 1,760 194,380 76,060 118,315
Bikol 5 5 0 595 260 330
Cebuano 125 60 70 6,545 2,500 4,045
Fijian 5 0 0 80 45 40
Hiligaynon 30 15 20 2,750 1,030 1,725
Ilocano 230 95 140 11,285 4,430 6,860
Malagasy 0 0 0 100 45 55
Malay 50 20 25 5,760 2,520 3,240
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 35 15 20 1,505 670 840
Pangasinan 15 5 5 535 215 315
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 2,430 980 1,445 163,415 63,665 99,755
Waray-Waray 15 5 10 405 140 270
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 1,400 550 850
Creole languages 435 200 225 11,255 5,095 6,165
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 630 290 340
Creole, n.o.s. 325 150 165 8,025 3,580 4,440
Creole languages, n.i.e. 90 40 50 2,605 1,225 1,380
Dravidian languages 2,735 1,335 1,400 148,605 73,530 75,075
Kannada 30 15 20 2,670 1,365 1,305
Malayalam 350 165 180 17,140 8,795 8,350
Tamil 2,180 1,055 1,125 117,630 57,310 60,320
Telugu 175 100 75 10,820 5,895 4,925
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 340 165 175
Hmong-Mien languages 5 5 5 525 250 270
Indo-European languages 35,875 17,920 17,955 2,024,365 980,200 1,044,165
Albanian 335 170 165 19,045 9,535 9,510
Armenian 110 55 55 15,070 7,305 7,765
Balto-Slavic languages 2,580 1,180 1,400 410,725 188,695 222,025
Baltic languages 50 15 35 9,080 3,785 5,295
Latvian 20 5 15 3,910 1,650 2,260
Lithuanian 30 10 20 5,175 2,135 3,035
Slavic languages 2,535 1,170 1,370 401,645 184,915 216,730
Belarusan 0 0 0 515 230 280
Bosnian 35 20 15 6,370 3,125 3,245
Bulgarian 45 20 25 9,095 4,355 4,740
Croatian 520 225 290 31,875 15,460 16,410
Czech 45 25 20 10,670 4,930 5,740
Macedonian 60 30 30 15,635 7,470 8,165
Polish 955 435 520 121,075 54,675 66,405
Russian 320 140 175 101,100 45,630 55,470
Serbian 105 60 45 41,740 20,585 21,150
Serbo-Croatian 30 15 15 4,875 2,310 2,570
Slovak 40 20 20 10,280 4,710 5,565
Slovene (Slovenian) 100 45 50 6,740 2,995 3,745
Ukrainian 275 120 155 40,375 17,760 22,610
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 1,310 670 635
Celtic languages 10 0 5 1,110 505 605
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 450 210 240
Welsh 0 0 0 435 180 260
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 225 120 110
Germanic languages 560 240 325 200,640 94,475 106,165
Afrikaans 10 5 5 2,295 1,125 1,170
Danish 15 5 10 4,265 2,010 2,250
Dutch 80 30 45 51,720 24,875 26,840
Frisian 0 5 5 1,240 630 620
German 425 180 245 131,525 61,520 70,005
Icelandic 0 0 0 210 100 110
Norwegian 10 5 5 940 405 540
Swedish 10 0 10 2,395 1,040 1,350
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,150 925 1,225
Yiddish 0 5 0 3,735 1,765 1,970
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 80 85
Greek 355 185 175 55,415 27,305 28,110
Indo-Iranian languages 22,065 11,390 10,675 707,845 357,350 350,495
Indo-Aryan languages 20,570 10,655 9,915 565,600 285,720 279,875
Bengali 975 480 495 46,810 23,615 23,195
Gujarati 5,080 2,685 2,395 76,675 38,740 37,940
Hindi 1,860 945 920 58,735 29,805 28,930
Kashmiri 5 5 5 345 170 175
Konkani 35 20 15 2,510 1,195 1,315
Marathi 115 50 65 5,490 2,805 2,685
Nepali 40 25 20 7,870 3,915 3,960
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 715 380 335
Punjabi (Panjabi) 8,820 4,620 4,205 197,060 100,160 96,895
Sindhi 95 45 55 6,840 3,225 3,615
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 270 135 135 10,165 4,925 5,235
Urdu 3,270 1,665 1,605 152,385 76,795 75,595
Iranian languages 1,440 710 730 139,675 70,270 69,405
Kurdish 40 20 20 6,665 3,615 3,050
Pashto 195 105 90 10,950 5,630 5,315
Persian (Farsi) 1,215 585 630 122,070 61,025 61,040
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 50 25 20 2,565 1,350 1,215
Italic (Romance) languages 9,865 4,700 5,165 614,525 295,030 319,490
Catalan 0 0 0 285 150 135
Italian 3,845 1,820 2,020 231,040 112,440 118,600
Portuguese 1,035 530 510 150,000 72,280 77,715
Romanian 215 95 115 41,755 19,565 22,190
Spanish 4,760 2,250 2,510 191,025 90,390 100,630
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 420 200 215
Japanese 70 30 40 13,260 4,590 8,670
Kartvelian languages 10 5 5 1,200 635 565
Georgian 10 5 5 1,200 635 565
Korean 375 170 205 69,775 32,035 37,740
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 405 180 220
Mongolian 0 0 0 405 180 225
Niger-Congo languages 2,790 1,345 1,440 35,760 16,705 19,050
Akan (Twi) 1,265 605 665 9,695 4,510 5,190
Bamanankan 0 0 0 140 60 80
Edo 185 80 105 1,140 475 670
Ewe 35 20 15 560 270 295
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 10 5 0 365 180 185
Ga 70 25 40 600 275 325
Ganda 55 30 30 760 360 400
Igbo 205 105 100 2,090 1,080 1,010
Lingala 30 15 10 850 365 485
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 5 5 1,430 640 785
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 1,330 545 785
Shona 20 10 15 1,455 660 790
Swahili 235 110 125 5,525 2,540 2,985
Wolof 5 5 5 290 145 150
Yoruba 400 215 190 4,365 2,260 2,105
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 260 120 140 5,155 2,345 2,810
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 1,610 810 800
Dinka 0 5 0 345 170 175
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,260 635 625
Sign languages 25 20 5 3,030 1,570 1,455
American Sign Language 5 5 0 1,305 640 670
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 20 10 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 15 5 1,700 925 780
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,540 725 820 611,795 284,865 326,935
Chinese languages 1,425 670 755 602,610 280,340 322,270
Cantonese 720 340 380 275,315 128,090 147,220
Hakka 25 5 15 6,985 3,140 3,840
Mandarin 505 240 265 283,735 132,275 151,460
Min Dong 0 0 0 855 405 450
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 30 40 13,545 6,240 7,300
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 10 0 6,300 2,825 3,470
Chinese, n.o.s. 95 45 50 15,645 7,235 8,410
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 120 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 115 55 60 9,185 4,520 4,660
Burmese 45 20 30 1,640 775 865
Karenic languages 15 5 10 1,730 865 860
Tibetan 50 25 20 5,115 2,530 2,585
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 700 345 350
Tai-Kadai languages 100 55 45 8,485 3,535 4,945
Lao 55 25 25 5,190 2,480 2,710
Thai 45 30 15 3,270 1,045 2,220
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 25 10 15
Turkic languages 285 145 135 22,615 11,745 10,870
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 1,990 1,070 920
Turkish 255 130 125 18,415 9,610 8,810
Uyghur 5 5 0 515 255 260
Uzbek 5 5 5 1,055 515 545
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 640 295 345
Uralic languages 380 185 195 50,670 23,095 27,570
Estonian 10 0 5 4,205 1,810 2,400
Finnish 20 10 10 9,720 4,140 5,580
Hungarian 350 170 180 36,740 17,150 19,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 75 45 30 1,475 780 690
Multiple responses 5,985 3,000 2,985 365,910 176,250 189,660
English and French 200 90 105 54,045 25,165 28,880
English and non-official language 5,490 2,785 2,705 288,285 140,345 147,940
French and non-official language 180 75 110 12,565 5,735 6,830
English, French and non-official language 110 50 60 11,010 5,000 6,005
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 117,170 57,350 59,820 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
Single responses 102,005 49,895 52,110 12,522,045 6,123,955 6,398,085
Official languages 65,180 32,050 33,135 10,605,725 5,214,425 5,391,300
English 64,580 31,765 32,815 10,328,680 5,084,885 5,243,800
French 605 280 320 277,045 129,540 147,500
Non-official languages 36,825 17,845 18,980 1,916,315 909,530 1,006,780
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 9,210 4,600 4,610
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 8,685 4,370 4,320
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 2,370 1,205 1,165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Moose Cree 0 0 0 10 10 5
Naskapi 0 0 0 10 5 5
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 20 10 15
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 105 50 55
Woods Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 2,220 1,135 1,085
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 5 5
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 6,305 3,155 3,145
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 3,315 1,695 1,620
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 2,905 1,420 1,490
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 75 40 35
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 20 10 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 0 5 0
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Gwich'in 0 0 0 5 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 5 5 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 5 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 160 60 90
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Inuktitut 0 0 0 140 60 80
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 210 90 120
Cayuga 0 0 0 5 5 5
Mohawk 0 0 0 185 80 100
Oneida 0 0 0 20 5 10
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 5 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Dakota 0 0 0 5 5 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 5 0 120 55 65
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,825 17,845 18,975 1,907,105 904,930 1,002,170
Afro-Asiatic languages 6,620 3,055 3,565 138,460 66,865 71,590
Berber languages 0 0 0 345 175 170
Kabyle 0 0 0 255 125 130
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 50 45
Cushitic languages 2,295 985 1,310 14,460 6,100 8,360
Bilen 0 0 0 170 80 85
Oromo 35 20 15 805 380 425
Somali 2,260 965 1,300 13,370 5,590 7,780
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 110 50 65
Semitic languages 4,290 2,050 2,240 123,410 60,475 62,940
Amharic 105 50 55 5,625 2,540 3,085
Arabic 1,460 700 760 94,195 46,505 47,695
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 2,215 1,055 1,160 9,515 4,595 4,920
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 305 155 150 2,915 1,410 1,500
Harari 0 0 0 555 250 305
Hebrew 5 5 0 4,850 2,505 2,345
Maltese 45 20 20 1,090 505 580
Tigrigna 95 45 50 3,920 1,805 2,115
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 50 20 30 755 360 395
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 15 245 115 125
Austro-Asiatic languages 805 375 425 50,245 23,105 27,140
Khmer (Cambodian) 30 15 20 3,770 1,650 2,120
Vietnamese 770 360 415 46,435 21,435 25,000
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 40 20 20
Austronesian languages 1,395 600 795 85,370 36,525 48,845
Bikol 0 0 0 90 35 55
Cebuano 50 20 30 2,325 1,020 1,315
Fijian 5 5 5 15 10 10
Hiligaynon 15 10 5 910 385 530
Ilocano 85 35 50 4,100 1,780 2,320
Malagasy 0 0 0 35 15 20
Malay 15 10 10 1,810 860 945
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 20 5 15 445 200 250
Pangasinan 5 0 0 90 40 50
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,190 510 680 75,070 31,965 43,105
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 90 35 55
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 380 175 200
Creole languages 290 130 155 5,325 2,355 2,970
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 355 165 190
Creole, n.o.s. 210 90 120 3,995 1,735 2,255
Creole languages, n.i.e. 60 30 30 975 455 520
Dravidian languages 2,015 975 1,040 96,250 46,575 49,680
Kannada 10 5 5 1,060 540 520
Malayalam 200 90 100 8,760 4,460 4,295
Tamil 1,695 820 880 80,600 38,460 42,140
Telugu 105 60 50 5,705 3,050 2,655
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 125 55 70
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 200 95 105
Indo-European languages 22,370 11,110 11,260 978,300 469,640 508,670
Albanian 185 95 90 9,190 4,580 4,605
Armenian 65 30 30 8,630 4,065 4,560
Balto-Slavic languages 1,385 645 740 192,945 90,585 102,365
Baltic languages 15 5 15 2,305 950 1,355
Latvian 5 0 5 860 350 515
Lithuanian 10 5 5 1,440 600 840
Slavic languages 1,370 640 725 190,645 89,635 101,005
Belarusan 0 0 0 175 80 90
Bosnian 15 10 5 3,220 1,595 1,620
Bulgarian 25 15 15 4,830 2,350 2,480
Croatian 285 130 155 11,125 5,275 5,855
Czech 20 10 5 3,070 1,480 1,595
Macedonian 20 5 10 6,255 2,965 3,285
Polish 565 265 300 52,555 24,510 28,045
Russian 205 95 105 63,570 29,655 33,920
Serbian 65 35 35 23,175 11,335 11,840
Serbo-Croatian 10 10 5 1,925 920 1,010
Slovak 10 5 5 3,520 1,680 1,845
Slovene (Slovenian) 45 20 20 1,465 645 815
Ukrainian 120 45 65 15,415 6,995 8,420
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 355 160 190
Celtic languages 0 0 0 120 65 55
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 60 30 25
Welsh 0 0 0 30 10 15
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Germanic languages 95 40 55 44,515 21,630 22,880
Afrikaans 5 0 0 755 365 390
Danish 0 0 0 280 135 150
Dutch 0 0 5 4,450 2,145 2,305
Frisian 0 0 0 90 45 45
German 80 35 50 37,255 18,140 19,120
Icelandic 0 0 0 45 20 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 70 30 40
Swedish 5 0 0 385 190 190
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 145 60 85
Yiddish 0 0 0 370 190 185
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 655 315 340
Greek 175 85 90 21,700 10,160 11,535
Indo-Iranian languages 15,065 7,695 7,365 435,835 215,755 220,080
Indo-Aryan languages 14,110 7,270 6,850 344,050 171,125 172,920
Bengali 600 310 295 29,590 14,595 14,995
Gujarati 3,535 1,840 1,700 45,445 22,410 23,035
Hindi 1,215 625 590 28,960 14,485 14,475
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 30 35
Konkani 10 5 5 540 260 280
Marathi 55 25 30 2,420 1,230 1,190
Nepali 40 20 15 5,640 2,815 2,820
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 325 160 165
Punjabi (Panjabi) 6,310 3,275 3,035 132,135 66,410 65,725
Sindhi 45 15 25 2,880 1,320 1,560
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 155 80 75 4,595 2,250 2,345
Urdu 2,140 1,070 1,070 91,450 45,160 46,295
Iranian languages 935 420 510 90,730 44,090 46,640
Kurdish 20 10 10 3,675 1,900 1,770
Pashto 145 75 70 6,750 3,360 3,395
Persian (Farsi) 765 335 430 80,305 38,830 41,475
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 1,050 540 515
Italic (Romance) languages 5,405 2,525 2,885 265,375 122,790 142,585
Catalan 0 0 0 135 60 75
Italian 1,705 745 965 72,960 31,195 41,770
Portuguese 480 240 235 67,415 32,065 35,355
Romanian 115 50 70 19,920 9,380 10,535
Spanish 3,100 1,485 1,615 104,820 50,035 54,785
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 110 50 60
Japanese 35 20 20 6,040 2,590 3,450
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 770 420 355
Georgian 5 0 0 775 420 355
Korean 290 130 160 48,540 22,685 25,855
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 225 115 110
Mongolian 0 0 0 230 120 110
Niger-Congo languages 1,360 640 715 12,120 5,400 6,725
Akan (Twi) 760 345 410 4,415 1,915 2,495
Bamanankan 0 0 0 25 15 15
Edo 75 35 40 305 120 180
Ewe 5 5 5 135 60 80
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Ga 30 15 15 175 80 100
Ganda 25 10 10 195 85 110
Igbo 85 50 35 540 265 275
Lingala 10 0 5 225 100 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 475 230 240
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 420 160 260
Shona 10 5 0 455 210 245
Swahili 135 65 65 2,085 925 1,160
Wolof 0 5 5 130 65 65
Yoruba 155 80 75 1,300 625 675
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 75 25 45 1,120 500 625
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 550 260 290
Dinka 0 0 0 120 60 65
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 425 195 225
Sign languages 30 25 10 4,425 2,485 1,940
American Sign Language 5 5 0 1,605 830 770
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 25 15 15
Sign languages, n.i.e 30 15 10 2,795 1,640 1,150
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,085 525 565 448,200 210,560 237,640
Chinese languages 995 480 515 441,615 207,305 234,310
Cantonese 525 250 280 198,745 91,545 107,200
Hakka 15 5 10 2,870 1,305 1,575
Mandarin 370 185 185 220,535 105,360 115,175
Min Dong 0 0 0 265 115 145
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 30 15 20 5,775 2,635 3,140
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 3,690 1,735 1,955
Chinese, n.o.s. 50 25 25 9,630 4,565 5,070
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 90 40 50 6,580 3,250 3,330
Burmese 35 15 20 1,010 480 530
Karenic languages 15 10 10 1,360 685 675
Tibetan 40 20 15 3,875 1,925 1,945
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 335 165 170
Tai-Kadai languages 60 35 20 3,865 1,845 2,020
Lao 35 15 15 2,535 1,220 1,315
Thai 25 20 5 1,315 615 695
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 10
Turkic languages 205 100 105 12,435 6,200 6,230
Azerbaijani 0 5 0 770 385 380
Turkish 190 85 105 10,545 5,245 5,300
Uyghur 5 0 0 290 150 140
Uzbek 5 0 5 585 290 295
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Uralic languages 220 110 110 15,330 6,990 8,340
Estonian 0 0 0 790 290 500
Finnish 5 0 0 1,835 780 1,050
Hungarian 210 105 105 12,700 5,915 6,790
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 25 5 10 465 245 225
Multiple responses 15,170 7,455 7,710 790,825 379,925 410,905
English and French 240 110 135 45,655 20,895 24,755
English and non-official language 14,565 7,180 7,385 719,595 347,730 371,865
French and non-official language 90 45 45 6,725 2,930 3,795
English, French and non-official language 270 125 150 18,855 8,365 10,490
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 117,175 57,350 59,825 13,312,865 6,503,875 6,808,990
None 85,355 41,655 43,700 11,071,665 5,436,665 5,635,000
English 14,345 7,170 7,175 896,170 437,015 459,155
French 590 265 325 243,970 108,390 135,580
Non-official language 16,215 7,915 8,300 1,056,960 501,315 555,645
Aboriginal 5 0 5 14,315 6,580 7,735
Non-Aboriginal 16,215 7,915 8,295 1,042,645 494,735 547,910
English and French 85 40 40 8,150 3,755 4,395
English and non-official language 445 240 205 19,105 9,370 9,735
French and non-official language 130 60 65 16,435 7,165 9,270
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 415 205 215
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 95,355 46,115 49,245 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,430 43,315 46,115 10,556,935 5,115,460 5,441,475
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 24,011 26,466 22,151 33,539 39,889 28,676
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 89,440 43,315 46,125 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,975
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 23,040 25,083 21,472 30,641 35,753 26,585
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 72,435 36,835 35,600 9,391,800 4,650,130 4,741,675
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 23,651 27,517 20,343 32,871 39,831 27,012
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 71,190 32,225 38,970 7,632,575 3,402,810 4,229,770
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 3,550 1,448 6,124 4,206 2,034 5,463
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,645 32,285 29,355 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,221 29,471 23,487 33,946 39,490 29,413
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 95,290 46,130 49,165 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,445 43,285 46,155 10,556,925 5,114,340 5,442,580
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,085 34,014 28,338 47,915 56,780 39,585
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 89,455 43,285 46,165 10,559,935 5,114,725 5,445,210
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 27,544 29,595 25,620 39,318 45,443 33,564
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 72,505 36,660 35,840 9,391,645 4,649,230 4,742,415
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,953 34,727 27,092 47,890 57,511 38,459
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 71,010 32,210 38,795 7,632,220 3,402,745 4,229,475
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,553 6,188 8,686 7,346 6,763 7,815
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,620 32,055 29,560 7,790,680 3,995,700 3,794,985
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 32,408 35,485 29,071 47,369 55,263 39,057
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 95,290 46,130 49,165 11,038,440 5,342,755 5,695,685
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 24,950 14,095 10,855 3,737,385 2,082,480 1,654,900
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 43,319 45,575 40,747 55,121 60,345 49,713
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 48,762 51,403 45,332 68,628 76,536 58,676
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 80.8 86.6 74.1 88.9 92.1 84.7
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 71.6 77.6 64.9 72.9 76.0 68.7
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 19.2 13.4 25.9 11.1 7.9 15.3
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 95,355 46,115 49,245 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without total income 5,925 2,795 3,125 481,500 227,390 254,115
With total income 89,430 43,315 46,110 10,556,940 5,115,460 5,441,475
Percentage with total income 93.8 93.9 93.6 95.6 95.7 95.5
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,580 8,785 9,795 1,615,790 711,105 904,685
$10,000 to $19,999 19,755 8,470 11,280 1,829,355 742,710 1,086,645
$20,000 to $29,999 14,470 6,360 8,105 1,410,760 589,975 820,785
$30,000 to $39,999 11,195 5,315 5,880 1,147,510 519,550 627,955
$40,000 to $49,999 8,525 4,350 4,175 1,021,880 489,595 532,285
$50,000 to $59,999 5,840 3,155 2,680 809,115 415,950 393,165
$60,000 to $69,999 3,750 2,210 1,540 630,635 348,525 282,110
$70,000 to $79,999 2,405 1,475 930 479,890 277,725 202,165
$80,000 to $89,999 1,645 1,060 580 378,185 222,095 156,095
$90,000 to $99,999 1,230 745 480 324,810 181,815 142,995
$100,000 and over 2,040 1,385 660 909,005 616,420 292,585
$100,000 to $149,999 1,655 1,105 550 600,995 394,410 206,590
$150,000 and over 390 280 110 308,010 222,010 86,000
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 95,355 46,115 49,240 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without after-tax income 5,910 2,800 3,115 478,635 227,025 251,610
With after-tax income 89,440 43,320 46,125 10,559,805 5,115,825 5,443,980
Percentage with after-tax income 93.8 93.9 93.7 95.7 95.8 95.6
Under $10,000 (including loss) 18,730 8,845 9,880 1,659,280 722,040 937,235
$10,000 to $19,999 20,465 8,820 11,645 1,906,875 777,330 1,129,540
$20,000 to $29,999 16,440 7,355 9,085 1,623,230 690,290 932,940
$30,000 to $39,999 12,775 6,325 6,445 1,377,100 642,645 734,450
$40,000 to $49,999 9,055 4,755 4,305 1,166,040 585,490 580,555
$50,000 to $59,999 5,170 2,900 2,270 845,305 464,610 380,700
$60,000 to $69,999 2,910 1,805 1,105 604,005 354,015 249,985
$70,000 to $79,999 1,840 1,140 700 465,485 268,140 197,345
$80,000 and over 2,065 1,365 700 912,490 611,260 301,230
$80,000 to $89,999 935 585 355 299,315 183,410 115,905
$90,000 to $99,999 455 300 150 174,110 116,330 57,785
$100,000 and over 675 480 195 439,070 311,525 127,540
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 95,355 46,115 49,245 11,038,440 5,342,850 5,695,590
Without employment income 33,715 13,830 19,885 3,247,760 1,344,515 1,903,245
With employment income 61,640 32,285 29,355 7,790,680 3,998,335 3,792,350
Percentage with employment income 64.6 70.0 59.6 70.6 74.8 66.6
Under $5,000 (including loss) 8,875 4,285 4,585 1,094,860 546,920 547,940
$5,000 to $9,999 6,260 2,975 3,280 635,305 281,135 354,165
$10,000 to $19,999 10,215 5,015 5,200 1,027,910 464,445 563,465
$20,000 to $29,999 8,585 4,075 4,505 827,805 372,185 455,625
$30,000 to $39,999 7,880 4,055 3,820 767,840 351,925 415,910
$40,000 to $49,999 6,490 3,440 3,050 709,775 341,320 368,450
$50,000 to $59,999 4,470 2,640 1,835 588,220 310,155 278,065
$60,000 to $69,999 2,935 1,850 1,090 465,670 263,430 202,240
$70,000 to $79,999 1,945 1,255 690 369,085 218,570 150,515
$80,000 and over 3,995 2,690 1,300 1,304,210 848,245 455,970
$80,000 to $89,999 1,365 915 455 307,660 182,660 125,005
$90,000 to $99,999 1,090 670 415 280,530 156,440 124,090
$100,000 and over 1,535 1,105 435 716,015 509,140 206,875
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 37,935  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 61,247  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 74,287  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,184  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 65,285  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 7,210  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,300  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,092  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 36,900  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 28,013  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 33,219  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 30,725  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,827,875  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 69,675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 90,967  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 64,048  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,528  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 37,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 73,374  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 97,856  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 65,022  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 80,322  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 7,235  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,341,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 37,579  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 49,571  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 32,527  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 40,830  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 30,660  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,828,060  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 81,818  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,773  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 72,688  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,157  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 37,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 86,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 645  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 70,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 134,395  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,490  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 185,245  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,610  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 200,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,790  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 189,450  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,925  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,020  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 207,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,950  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 206,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,895  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 202,015  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,595  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,820  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 363,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,765  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 335,770  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,325  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 309,105  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 282,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 9,065  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,803,955  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,700  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 560,090  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,370  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 394,570  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,050  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 449,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$200,000 and over 945  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 399,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 37,940  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 5,169,175  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Under $5,000 675  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 92,220  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$5,000 to $9,999 650  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,000  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 136,550  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,535  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 192,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 222,605  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,985  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 211,440  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,100  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 232,755  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,275  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 244,335  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,215  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 247,645  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,225  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 241,965  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 463,170  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 422,695  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 388,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 342,330  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,920  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 290,720  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 and over 6,705  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,367,630  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,385  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 539,915  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 334,420  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
$150,000 and over 1,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 493,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 29,525  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 68,523  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 91,089  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 62,998  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 79,531  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of economic families 3.5  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 5,740  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,890  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 61,030  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 81,459  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 55,628  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 71,237  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.0  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 14,840  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,716,115  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 83,623  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,381  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 76,281  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 99,205  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.4  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 4.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 7,575  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 584,180  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,896  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 54,363  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 46,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 50,317  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 3.1  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 2.7  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 29,480  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 3,689,080  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 80,735  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 115,328  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 71,654  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 94,410  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 5,885  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,280,580  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 72,344  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 104,425  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 62,634  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 84,952  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,880  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 1,717,295  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,995  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 140,590  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 83,583  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 114,144  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 7,470  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 581,945  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 60,529  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 67,748  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 54,672  not applicable ...  not applicable ... 58,742  not applicable ...  not applicable ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 12,810 7,125 5,685 1,818,815 867,175 951,640
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 24,463 24,197 24,674 32,097 33,925 30,753
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,380 22,961 23,693 29,417 30,678 28,442
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 12,895 7,215 5,685 1,814,575 864,020 950,555
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 31,043 30,758 31,403 44,298 46,765 42,057
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 27,260 26,763 27,892 36,874 38,228 35,644
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 117,050 57,280 59,770 13,242,160 6,472,205 6,769,955
In the bottom half of the distribution 78,465 37,820 40,650 6,335,170 3,016,275 3,318,895
In the bottom decile 17,680 8,640 9,035 1,346,645 651,310 695,335
In the second decile 18,350 8,540 9,815 1,280,675 581,380 699,290
In the third decile 16,505 7,895 8,610 1,237,415 583,840 653,575
In the fourth decile 13,845 6,795 7,050 1,223,510 589,740 633,770
In the fifth decile 12,085 5,945 6,140 1,246,925 610,000 636,930
In the top half of the distribution 38,580 19,460 19,120 6,906,990 3,455,930 3,451,060
In the sixth decile 11,025 5,450 5,575 1,279,095 629,635 649,465
In the seventh decile 9,495 4,795 4,705 1,321,220 655,840 665,375
In the eighth decile 8,120 4,125 3,990 1,382,795 691,630 691,165
In the ninth decile 6,600 3,370 3,235 1,464,415 736,030 728,385
In the top decile 3,340 1,725 1,620 1,459,465 742,795 716,670
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 117,050 57,280 59,770 13,184,055 6,442,930 6,741,130
0 to 17 years 26,415 13,615 12,800 2,656,535 1,361,905 1,294,630
0 to 5 years 8,250 4,265 3,985 835,000 428,025 406,975
18 to 64 years 74,520 36,245 38,270 8,418,960 4,110,615 4,308,345
65 years and over 16,115 7,415 8,700 2,108,560 970,405 1,138,155
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 26,305 12,395 13,910 1,898,975 886,530 1,012,445
0 to 17 years 8,925 4,555 4,370 489,905 251,830 238,080
0 to 5 years 3,065 1,560 1,505 165,140 84,825 80,310
18 to 64 years 15,135 6,910 8,225 1,155,315 538,535 616,780
65 years and over 2,240 925 1,315 253,755 96,170 157,585
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 22.5 21.6 23.3 14.4 13.8 15.0
0 to 17 years (%) 33.8 33.5 34.1 18.4 18.5 18.4
0 to 5 years (%) 37.2 36.6 37.8 19.8 19.8 19.7
18 to 64 years (%) 20.3 19.1 21.5 13.7 13.1 14.3
65 years and over (%) 13.9 12.5 15.1 12.0 9.9 13.8
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 21,245 10,345 10,900 1,298,590 627,935 670,650
0 to 17 years 6,745 3,410 3,335 304,390 156,575 147,815
0 to 5 years 2,340 1,180 1,160 102,750 52,810 49,935
18 to 64 years 13,060 6,355 6,705 887,640 430,545 457,095
65 years and over 1,440 580 860 106,555 40,815 65,740
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 18.2 18.1 18.2 9.8 9.7 9.9
0 to 17 years (%) 25.5 25.0 26.1 11.5 11.5 11.4
0 to 5 years (%) 28.4 27.7 29.1 12.3 12.3 12.3
18 to 64 years (%) 17.5 17.5 17.5 10.5 10.5 10.6
65 years and over (%) 8.9 7.8 9.9 5.1 4.2 5.8
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 116,955 57,260 59,695 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,925
Official languages 110,940 55,060 55,880 12,918,075 6,342,930 6,575,145
English 110,765 54,985 55,785 12,879,045 6,326,225 6,552,825
French 5,275 2,485 2,790 1,521,020 677,505 843,510
Non-official languages 72,510 35,430 37,085 4,431,270 2,115,510 2,315,760
Aboriginal languages 15 0 10 33,855 15,815 18,035
Algonquian languages 15 0 10 30,630 14,505 16,125
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 15 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 10 6,560 3,160 3,395
Atikamekw 0 0 0 10 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Moose Cree 0 0 0 145 70 75
Naskapi 0 0 0 25 10 10
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 65 25 45
Plains Cree 0 0 0 105 50 50
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 605 255 350
Woods Cree 0 0 0 45 25 25
Cree, n.o.s. 10 0 10 5,620 2,760 2,865
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 180 95 85
Malecite 0 0 0 20 20 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 160 75 85
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 10 23,980 11,285 12,690
Algonquin 0 0 10 205 95 105
Ojibway 0 0 0 16,220 7,600 8,630
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 7,515 3,585 3,935
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 200 105 100
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 40 50
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 25 65
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 25 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 10 0 10
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 10
Dene 10 0 0 45 20 30
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 0 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 840 320 525
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 730 285 445
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 35 70
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 1,940 810 1,125
Cayuga 0 0 0 120 35 85
Mohawk 0 0 0 1,625 710 915
Oneida 0 0 0 180 55 125
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 50 25 25
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 180 65 110
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 0 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 40 10 30
Dakota 0 0 0 20 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 0 15
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Nisga'a 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian 0 0 0 10 0 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 0
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 0 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 210 100 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 72,490 35,420 37,075 4,397,690 2,099,820 2,297,865
Afro-Asiatic languages 12,145 5,660 6,480 362,645 183,050 179,595
Berber languages 10 0 0 925 505 415
Kabyle 10 0 0 530 280 255
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 390 225 165
Cushitic languages 5,005 2,145 2,865 34,160 15,155 19,000
Bilen 0 0 0 355 200 160
Oromo 25 10 15 2,075 905 1,175
Somali 4,980 2,125 2,855 31,535 13,925 17,610
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 370 170 205
Semitic languages 7,225 3,560 3,665 330,315 168,750 161,570
Amharic 300 130 170 16,010 7,565 8,445
Arabic 4,785 2,425 2,355 246,015 127,015 119,000
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 3,520 1,670 1,850 17,825 8,775 9,050
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 490 235 255 6,185 3,045 3,140
Harari 40 10 30 1,310 660 645
Hebrew 50 10 35 43,255 22,165 21,090
Maltese 190 90 105 7,020 3,455 3,570
Tigrigna 190 110 80 9,385 4,320 5,065
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 100 60 35 1,985 1,010 975
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 170 95 70 1,125 535 590
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,420 620 795 99,830 46,210 53,620
Khmer (Cambodian) 110 60 45 10,045 4,490 5,550
Vietnamese 1,315 565 750 90,265 41,965 48,300
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 10 50
Austronesian languages 3,765 1,595 2,170 249,435 98,295 151,150
Bikol 10 0 0 755 340 425
Cebuano 165 75 85 9,475 3,650 5,830
Fijian 0 0 0 110 40 65
Hiligaynon 45 30 15 3,110 1,205 1,910
Ilocano 335 155 180 15,235 5,940 9,295
Malagasy 0 0 0 215 115 100
Malay 90 50 40 9,780 4,500 5,280
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 55 20 35 1,935 855 1,080
Pangasinan 0 10 0 565 245 320
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 3,565 1,520 2,045 232,935 91,110 141,820
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 410 125 285
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 35 20 20 1,785 755 1,030
Creole languages 975 430 545 30,260 13,525 16,735
Haitian Creole 0 0 10 1,430 605 830
Creole, n.o.s. 705 310 400 19,375 8,480 10,895
Creole languages, n.i.e. 260 115 140 9,685 4,525 5,155
Dravidian languages 3,505 1,715 1,795 196,315 97,975 98,335
Kannada 65 20 40 5,775 2,930 2,845
Malayalam 540 245 290 22,880 11,535 11,345
Tamil 2,730 1,340 1,390 157,700 77,975 79,730
Telugu 260 140 115 16,315 8,925 7,390
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 20 15 0 495 250 240
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 545 265 280
Indo-European languages 44,315 22,345 21,970 2,608,060 1,265,535 1,342,525
Albanian 460 230 235 22,375 11,180 11,195
Armenian 155 80 75 18,435 8,860 9,575
Balto-Slavic languages 3,025 1,355 1,670 473,565 221,450 252,120
Baltic languages 45 15 35 10,545 4,495 6,050
Latvian 15 0 10 4,675 2,070 2,610
Lithuanian 35 10 25 5,875 2,430 3,445
Slavic languages 2,990 1,345 1,645 465,170 217,885 247,285
Belarusan 0 10 0 1,360 680 680
Bosnian 60 25 35 9,915 4,905 5,010
Bulgarian 80 40 40 10,410 5,060 5,350
Croatian 635 255 385 46,580 22,880 23,700
Czech 40 30 15 14,045 6,615 7,430
Macedonian 70 40 30 21,505 10,365 11,140
Polish 1,185 525 655 142,985 65,415 77,575
Russian 605 295 305 138,735 64,355 74,380
Serbian 165 65 100 53,250 26,725 26,525
Serbo-Croatian 35 20 20 5,815 2,845 2,965
Slovak 55 25 25 12,035 5,550 6,490
Slovene (Slovenian) 95 35 60 7,935 3,550 4,390
Ukrainian 370 160 215 54,615 24,125 30,490
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 1,750 935 815
Celtic languages 0 10 0 3,800 1,880 1,920
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 1,480 720 765
Welsh 0 0 0 685 300 390
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,650 870 785
Germanic languages 870 380 485 274,305 130,610 143,700
Afrikaans 10 0 10 7,360 3,625 3,735
Danish 25 0 20 5,440 2,455 2,980
Dutch 110 50 65 63,410 29,875 33,535
Frisian 0 0 0 1,655 820 835
German 685 305 385 189,035 90,730 98,305
Icelandic 0 0 0 285 130 155
Norwegian 20 10 15 2,140 975 1,165
Swedish 20 10 15 5,125 2,345 2,785
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 2,275 1,050 1,225
Yiddish 10 10 0 7,175 3,535 3,640
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 3,290 1,645 1,645
Greek 550 295 255 80,690 40,105 40,590
Indo-Iranian languages 27,175 14,105 13,070 915,765 463,175 452,585
Indo-Aryan languages 25,410 13,220 12,190 759,390 384,940 374,450
Bengali 1,305 645 660 59,685 30,420 29,265
Gujarati 5,900 3,245 2,650 103,890 52,380 51,510
Hindi 9,220 4,815 4,405 250,095 127,765 122,335
Kashmiri 0 0 0 600 300 300
Konkani 115 55 60 5,490 2,515 2,975
Marathi 265 150 115 10,360 5,380 4,980
Nepali 65 25 40 10,245 5,115 5,135
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 1,090 515 570
Punjabi (Panjabi) 11,920 6,195 5,725 282,065 145,050 137,015
Sindhi 145 60 85 11,515 5,385 6,130
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 415 225 190 18,555 9,230 9,330
Urdu 4,430 2,245 2,180 231,500 117,305 114,190
Iranian languages 1,910 970 945 163,490 81,710 81,785
Kurdish 105 70 35 8,795 4,755 4,040
Pashto 310 165 145 15,315 8,145 7,170
Persian (Farsi) 1,610 795 810 145,465 72,275 73,190
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 145 65 80 4,665 2,495 2,175
Italic (Romance) languages 12,610 6,155 6,450 880,330 418,225 462,105
Catalan 0 0 0 515 275 240
Italian 5,025 2,415 2,610 333,645 161,190 172,455
Portuguese 1,440 745 695 193,520 93,885 99,635
Romanian 215 110 110 49,635 23,205 26,430
Spanish 6,340 3,090 3,250 337,615 156,040 181,580
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 1,355 745 605
Japanese 115 65 50 25,675 11,535 14,140
Kartvelian languages 10 0 10 1,555 775 780
Georgian 15 10 0 1,555 770 785
Korean 470 235 235 79,175 36,930 42,245
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 515 225 285
Mongolian 0 0 0 515 225 285
Niger-Congo languages 4,700 2,300 2,400 70,570 33,620 36,945
Akan (Twi) 2,000 955 1,040 15,950 7,520 8,435
Bamanankan 10 10 0 385 195 185
Edo 370 200 170 2,130 930 1,195
Ewe 25 10 10 880 435 445
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 700 320 375
Ga 140 70 65 1,340 645 695
Ganda 115 65 50 1,225 550 675
Igbo 340 185 155 4,025 2,105 1,920
Lingala 125 45 75 4,885 2,165 2,720
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 0 0 2,555 1,080 1,475
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 2,220 885 1,330
Shona 30 15 15 2,350 1,055 1,300
Swahili 575 290 285 16,750 8,110 8,640
Wolof 10 0 0 730 355 375
Yoruba 740 365 380 10,495 5,345 5,150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 430 175 255 11,210 5,255 5,950
Nilo-Saharan languages 45 20 25 2,025 1,020 1,010
Dinka 0 0 0 415 220 200
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 45 15 30 1,615 805 810
Sign languages 90 55 35 18,865 7,645 11,220
American Sign Language 30 20 15 10,220 3,695 6,525
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 235 60 180
Sign languages, n.i.e. 60 35 25 8,690 4,005 4,680
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,695 820 880 689,145 324,575 364,565
Chinese languages 1,645 795 850 679,170 319,635 359,530
Cantonese 965 485 485 341,875 159,280 182,600
Hakka 20 10 10 7,865 3,445 4,420
Mandarin 615 285 330 385,395 179,890 205,510
Min Dong 0 0 0 810 330 480
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 85 25 55 16,980 7,650 9,330
Wu (Shanghainese) 10 15 0 8,305 3,860 4,440
Chinese, n.o.s. 100 55 45 16,455 7,710 8,745
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 185 95 90
Tibeto-Burman languages 50 25 25 10,460 5,200 5,260
Burmese 10 10 10 2,215 1,055 1,165
Karenic languages 15 0 10 1,820 905 920
Tibetan 20 15 10 5,695 2,845 2,850
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,245 645 605
Tai-Kadai languages 145 70 70 11,120 4,945 6,180
Lao 100 40 55 6,740 3,215 3,520
Thai 55 35 15 5,195 2,065 3,135
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 10 20
Turkic languages 420 240 185 33,335 17,310 16,025
Azerbaijani 15 10 10 3,260 1,710 1,550
Turkish 380 215 165 27,850 14,510 13,340
Uyghur 20 10 10 700 350 345
Uzbek 10 0 10 1,405 700 705
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 915 450 465
Uralic languages 420 205 220 58,370 27,060 31,310
Estonian 15 0 10 4,785 2,155 2,625
Finnish 40 15 20 11,145 4,865 6,280
Hungarian 365 180 185 42,545 20,070 22,480
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 160 80 85 3,675 1,950 1,725
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 116,955 57,260 59,695 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 96,370 47,040 49,330 12,223,065 5,987,360 6,235,705
Canadian citizens aged under 18 23,200 11,995 11,205 2,546,075 1,305,820 1,240,255
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 73,175 35,045 38,130 9,676,990 4,681,540 4,995,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 20,585 10,220 10,365 1,019,095 484,880 534,215
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 116,955 57,255 59,695 13,242,160 6,472,240 6,769,920
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 45,850 23,475 22,370 9,188,815 4,555,270 4,633,545
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 67,865 31,905 35,955 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Before 1981 12,445 5,820 6,630 1,077,745 507,500 570,240
1981 to 1990 9,145 4,470 4,680 513,995 246,235 267,755
1991 to 2000 15,785 6,995 8,785 834,510 390,315 444,195
2001 to 2010 19,330 9,175 10,155 953,730 446,895 506,835
2001 to 2005 9,130 4,315 4,815 490,560 230,950 259,610
2006 to 2010 10,205 4,860 5,340 463,170 215,945 247,225
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 11,155 5,445 5,710 472,170 223,715 248,450
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 3,245 1,875 1,375 201,200 102,305 98,895
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 67,860 31,905 35,955 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,485
Under 5 years 4,785 2,270 2,510 369,955 184,255 185,705
5 to 14 years 10,405 5,235 5,170 685,085 345,865 339,225
15 to 24 years 16,745 7,265 9,480 855,475 381,025 474,450
25 to 44 years 28,425 13,600 14,830 1,579,500 741,340 838,160
45 years and over 7,505 3,535 3,970 362,130 162,180 199,945
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 67,865 31,905 35,960 3,852,145 1,814,665 2,037,480
Americas 16,760 7,255 9,510 598,950 265,930 333,025
Brazil 130 80 50 14,705 6,700 8,010
Colombia 410 180 230 28,815 13,085 15,730
El Salvador 785 410 375 20,920 10,165 10,750
Guyana 4,225 1,845 2,375 79,745 35,325 44,420
Haiti 260 100 155 10,195 4,410 5,785
Jamaica 4,710 1,960 2,755 119,840 51,320 68,525
Mexico 320 140 180 30,075 13,895 16,185
Peru 170 80 95 10,550 4,660 5,895
Trinidad and Tobago 1,525 690 835 52,810 23,515 29,300
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 565 270 300 109,005 47,170 61,830
Other places of birth in Americas 3,650 1,495 2,155 122,280 55,685 66,600
Europe 8,975 4,215 4,760 1,144,295 546,250 598,050
Bosnia and Herzegovina 165 65 100 21,300 10,655 10,645
Croatia 395 155 245 27,330 13,495 13,835
France 65 25 35 13,385 6,310 7,070
Germany 415 195 220 63,460 29,685 33,775
Greece 350 170 175 36,575 18,225 18,350
Hungary 210 95 120 22,085 10,495 11,590
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 65 25 40 15,275 7,415 7,860
Italy 3,110 1,510 1,600 157,815 78,510 79,305
Netherlands 50 20 30 47,400 23,910 23,490
Poland 890 390 505 96,000 43,155 52,845
Portugal 685 365 320 103,025 50,240 52,785
Romania 220 110 115 42,720 19,720 23,000
Russian Federation 145 60 90 42,980 18,540 24,440
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 110 50 60 23,695 11,610 12,085
Ukraine 270 120 145 39,945 18,150 21,795
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 740 340 400 264,125 125,730 138,390
Other places of birth in Europe 1,070 520 555 127,190 60,395 66,790
Africa 8,915 4,155 4,755 226,770 109,585 117,185
Algeria 20 15 10 2,925 1,480 1,450
Egypt 145 85 60 34,510 18,000 16,510
Ethiopia 395 175 220 15,570 7,230 8,340
Kenya 525 250 275 14,940 6,910 8,025
Morocco 65 35 35 5,485 2,690 2,795
Nigeria 1,750 885 870 20,630 10,285 10,345
Somalia 2,595 1,005 1,590 16,970 6,845 10,125
South Africa, Republic of 25 10 15 19,390 9,545 9,840
Other places of birth in Africa 3,390 1,705 1,680 96,355 46,610 49,745
Asia 33,085 16,230 16,855 1,869,805 886,570 983,240
Afghanistan 970 485 490 33,145 16,490 16,655
Bangladesh 810 395 415 39,410 19,970 19,440
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 545 250 295 317,225 143,705 173,515
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 180 95 85 108,030 50,945 57,090