Census Profile, 2016 Census
Haldimand--Norfolk [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Haldimand--Norfolk
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Haldimand--Norfolk [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Haldimand--Norfolk [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 109,652 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 108,051 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 1.5 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 48,192 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 43,509 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 38.4 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 2,859.09 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 109,655 54,525 55,130 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 17,425 8,975 8,455 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 5,630 2,845 2,785 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 5,775 2,975 2,800 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 6,025 3,155 2,875 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 69,560 34,705 34,850 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 6,565 3,270 3,295 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 6,305 3,295 3,010 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 5,580 2,835 2,740 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 5,630 2,835 2,795 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 5,455 2,740 2,710 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 5,905 2,950 2,955 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 6,915 3,400 3,520 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,810 4,345 4,470 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 9,370 4,640 4,730 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 9,030 4,395 4,630 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 22,665 10,840 11,820 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 7,755 3,930 3,825 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 5,685 2,775 2,915 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,840 1,935 1,910 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 2,685 1,215 1,470 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 2,705 995 1,710 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 1,745 695 1,050 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 770 255 520 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 175 50 125 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 15 5 15 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.9 16.5 15.3 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 63.4 63.6 63.2 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 20.7 19.9 21.4 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 2.5 1.8 3.1 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 43.5 42.8 44.2 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 46.5 45.5 47.4 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 43,505 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 36,475 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 405 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 6,415 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,225 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 1,415 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 920 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,745 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 110 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 215 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 43,510 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 10,540 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 17,390 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 6,300 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 5,615 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,665 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 107,455 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.5 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 92,225 45,550 46,675 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 57,805 29,060 28,745 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 49,040 24,685 24,360 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 8,760 4,380 4,385 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 34,420 16,490 17,935 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 20,445 11,400 9,045 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,725 1,285 1,440 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 5,105 2,390 2,715 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 6,145 1,415 4,735 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 32,740 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 18,245 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 6,220 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 5,350 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,920 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 32,740 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 28,355 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 23,975 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,380 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 4,385 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 3,305 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,080 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 28,355 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 15,555 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 12,795 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 5,000 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 5,000 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,800 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 4,390 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,690 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,225 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 475 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 14,555 7,000 7,555 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 43,510 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 31,295 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 14,940 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 16,360 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 715 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,500 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 10,540 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 960 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 108,415 54,075 54,335 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 104,265 52,205 52,060 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 15 10 5 1,810 820 985
English and French 3,335 1,425 1,910 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 800 440 360 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 108,415 54,080 54,335 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 106,715 53,210 53,505 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 885 425 460 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 55 35 25 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 755 410 345 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 915 440 470 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 108,415 54,080 54,335 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 107,715 53,735 53,985 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 97,650 48,730 48,920 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 96,660 48,265 48,390 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 990 465 530 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 10,065 5,005 5,060 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 10 5 10 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 0 0 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 5 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 0 5 0 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 15 0 5 15 10 5
Cayuga 5 0 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 5 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 10,055 5,000 5,050 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 85 50 40 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 0 0 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 205 115 95
Somali 0 0 0 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 85 45 40 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 0 0 0 1,370 670 700
Arabic 55 30 25 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 0 0 440 245 200
Harari 0 0 0 20 5 15
Hebrew 5 5 0 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 20 15 5 215 100 115
Tigrigna 0 0 0 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 45 15 30 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 5 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 40 20 25 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 115 25 90 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 0 0 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 5 0 5 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 5 0 0 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 5 0 5 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 5 0 5 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 0 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 90 15 70 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 5 0 0 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 0 5 0 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 15 5 10 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 0 0 0 280 150 135
Malayalam 10 5 5 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 0 5 5 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 5 0 5 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 9,015 4,530 4,480 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 5 0 0 1,465 765 705
Armenian 10 5 5 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 1,035 485 550 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 60 30 30 1,070 485 585
Latvian 15 5 5 565 255 300
Lithuanian 40 25 20 505 225 280
Slavic languages 975 455 520 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 10 5 0 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 5 5 5 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 90 50 45 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 45 20 25 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 15 5 10 325 160 165
Polish 405 170 230 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 55 20 30 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 35 25 10 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 1,395 670 725
Slovak 65 30 30 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 15 20 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 205 95 110 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 345 175 170
Celtic languages 5 0 0 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 240 130 110
Welsh 0 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 6,020 2,965 3,060 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 15 5 10 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 40 20 20 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 1,325 660 660 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 75 40 35 295 145 145
German 4,215 2,085 2,130 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 0 275 135 145
Norwegian 5 0 5 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 10 0 5 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 335 145 195 445 220 225
Yiddish 0 0 0 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 80 50 35 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 150 85 70 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 115 60 60 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 5 5 0 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 35 15 15 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 10 5 5 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 0 0 0 255 130 125
Marathi 0 5 5 620 325 295
Nepali 0 0 0 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 30 10 20 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 0 0 0 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 5 0 1,675 845 830
Urdu 25 15 5 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 30 25 10 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 5 5 5 1,765 945 825
Pashto 0 5 0 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 25 15 5 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 1,705 950 755 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 0 0 0 160 85 75
Italian 355 195 160 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 860 445 415 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 40 20 15 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 450 285 160 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 65 40
Japanese 20 5 10 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 75 35 35 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 10 5 5 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 0 0 5 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 0 0 0 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 0 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 0 0 0 90 45 45
Igbo 0 0 0 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 155 70 80
Shona 0 0 0 215 100 115
Swahili 5 5 0 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 0 0 0 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 340 175 165
Dinka 0 0 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 240 115 125
Sign languages 15 10 5 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 5 0 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 5 5 0 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 140 70 75 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 140 65 70 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 60 30 25 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 0 0 0 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 55 25 25 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 5 0 0 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 15 5 10 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 5 0 0 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 0 0 0 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 10 5 5 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 5 5 0 1,100 550 550
Thai 5 0 5 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 0 0 0 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 530 290 235
Turkish 0 0 0 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 0 0 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Uralic languages 510 240 270 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 10 0 10 705 295 410
Finnish 20 5 10 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 485 235 255 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 500 280 225
Multiple responses 700 345 350 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 135 65 70 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 525 265 265 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 25 15 10 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 10 5 5 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 108,415 54,075 54,335 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 107,255 53,500 53,765 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 103,550 51,605 51,945 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 103,370 51,520 51,855 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 180 85 85 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 3,710 1,890 1,815 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 5 0 5 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 3,710 1,890 1,815 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 35 15 20 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 0 0 0 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 40 15 25 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 0 0 0 600 275 320
Arabic 25 10 15 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 5 5 5 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 900 465 440
Maltese 5 5 5 15 5 10
Tigrigna 0 0 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 10 5 5 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 800 375 420
Vietnamese 10 5 5 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 30 10 20 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 5 0 0 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 0 0 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 25 10 15 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 5 0 0 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 5 5 5 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 0 0 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 5 0 5 1,225 615 605
Tamil 0 0 0 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 0 0 0 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 3,360 1,725 1,640 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 0 0 0 695 335 360
Armenian 10 5 5 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 195 90 110 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 5 0 0 210 90 115
Latvian 0 0 0 80 30 50
Lithuanian 0 0 5 125 60 65
Slavic languages 195 85 105 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 0 0 0 595 300 300
Bulgarian 5 0 0 1,035 485 550
Croatian 5 0 5 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 15 5 5 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 5 0 0 150 75 75
Polish 90 35 55 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 20 10 10 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 15 5 5 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 0 5 0 500 235 265
Slovak 0 0 0 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 35 15 20 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 5 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 2,345 1,170 1,175 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 5 5 5 1,475 715 760
Danish 5 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 110 55 55 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 2,110 1,055 1,055 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 0 0 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 25 5 15 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 90 45 45 15 5 5
Greek 25 10 10 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 90 45 45 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 75 40 40 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 0 0 0 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 25 5 15 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 10 5 5 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 0 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 0 0 0 270 140 130
Nepali 0 0 0 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 20 10 10 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 0 0 0 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 5 675 330 340
Urdu 20 15 10 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 20 10 5 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 5 0 5 1,080 540 535
Pashto 0 0 0 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 15 10 5 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 690 405 285 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 0 0 0 65 35 35
Italian 30 15 20 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 320 150 170 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 15 10 5 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 325 230 85 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 10 5 5 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 50 30 25 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 0 0 0 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 0 0 0 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 0 0 0 10 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 0 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 0 0 0 65 25 40
Swahili 0 0 0 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 0 0 0 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Sign languages 20 10 10 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 0 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 10 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 90 50 40 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 90 45 40 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 40 20 15 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 0 0 0 700 295 410
Mandarin 35 20 15 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 0 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 5 5 5 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 1,745 885 865
Burmese 0 0 0 720 375 350
Karenic languages 0 0 0 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 5 5 0 1,380 595 785
Lao 5 5 5 460 225 235
Thai 5 0 0 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 0 0 0 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 0 0 0 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 75 30 45 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 0 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 0 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 80 30 45 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 1,155 580 570 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 65 35 25 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 1,070 530 540 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 10 0 5 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 5 5 0 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 108,415 54,080 54,335 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 103,320 51,630 51,690 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 1,575 780 790 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 555 235 320 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 2,930 1,410 1,515 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 25 10 15 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 2,900 1,405 1,500 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 5 0 0 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 10 5 5 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 30 15 15 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 90,055 44,505 45,550 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,130 43,230 43,905 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,277 41,876 26,133 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 87,180 43,235 43,945 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,360 37,418 24,405 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 78,470 39,915 38,550 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,053 39,237 22,302 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,765 29,280 34,490 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,850 7,998 7,759 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,495 33,885 29,610 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,044 37,855 24,000 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 90,055 44,500 45,550 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,235 43,205 44,030 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 41,749 49,112 34,525 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,290 43,205 44,085 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,636 41,215 30,167 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 78,480 39,835 38,645 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,207 46,749 31,433 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,735 29,265 34,465 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,867 8,871 8,863 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,495 33,685 29,810 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,612 44,253 32,237 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 90,055 44,505 45,550 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 29,565 17,300 12,260 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,909 57,908 43,099 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,709 62,704 48,254 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 84.7 88.3 79.5 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 66.9 70.2 62.1 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 15.3 11.7 20.5 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 90,055 44,505 45,550 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 2,920 1,270 1,645 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 87,130 43,230 43,900 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 96.8 97.1 96.4 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,465 4,400 7,060 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 15,590 5,865 9,725 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 12,870 5,225 7,650 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 10,730 5,150 5,585 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 9,630 4,960 4,670 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 7,125 4,080 3,040 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,460 3,535 1,925 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 3,940 2,685 1,260 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 2,985 2,090 895 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 2,510 1,605 905 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 4,825 3,630 1,195 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 3,625 2,700 925 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 1,205 935 270 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 90,055 44,505 45,555 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 2,875 1,270 1,605 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 87,180 43,230 43,945 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 96.8 97.1 96.5 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,945 4,495 7,450 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 16,300 6,145 10,160 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 14,865 6,260 8,605 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 12,925 6,385 6,540 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 10,480 5,850 4,630 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 7,115 4,590 2,525 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 5,070 3,500 1,570 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 3,560 2,370 1,190 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 4,905 3,635 1,270 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 2,015 1,415 600 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,025 795 230 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 1,865 1,425 440 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 90,055 44,505 45,550 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 26,560 10,620 15,940 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 63,495 33,885 29,610 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 70.5 76.1 65.0 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 11,180 6,005 5,170 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,465 2,290 3,175 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 8,375 3,520 4,865 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 6,675 2,830 3,845 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 6,525 2,975 3,555 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 5,990 3,115 2,885 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,825 2,855 1,965 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,635 2,525 1,105 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 2,960 2,045 915 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 7,855 5,720 2,140 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,300 1,630 670 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,045 1,300 745 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 3,515 2,790 725 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 43,510 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 70,733 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 62,716 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,540 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,771 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,865 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 32,965 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 84,534 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 74,393 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 43,505 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 83,709 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 71,495 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,525 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 41,506 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 35,577 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 32,985 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 97,173 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 82,954 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 43,510 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 420 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 400 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 960 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,530 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,895 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,610 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,880 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,915 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,925 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,925 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,595 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,425 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,220 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,940 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,670 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 13,195 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,980 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,230 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 3,180 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,805 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 43,510 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 465 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 415 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 975 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,600 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,085 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,790 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,160 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,295 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,295 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,200 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,345 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 4,055 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,745 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 3,220 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,580 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 9,290 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,510 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,355 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,425 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 32,280 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 84,418 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 74,230 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 14,630 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,659 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 65,398 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,965 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 108,475 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 93,978 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.1 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,005 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,501 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 48,878 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 32,295 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 97,030 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 82,798 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 14,630 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 86,692 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 73,866 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,960 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 119,080 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 100,970 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,040 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,228 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 56,153 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 12,815 6,240 6,575 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 31,753 36,557 28,450 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,217 32,717 26,472 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 12,795 6,180 6,615 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 39,768 43,165 36,595 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,153 36,368 32,084 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 107,455 53,455 53,995 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 54,145 26,145 28,000 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 7,700 3,760 3,940 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 10,655 4,800 5,855 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 12,020 5,805 6,210 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 11,670 5,720 5,950 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 12,095 6,050 6,040 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 53,310 27,310 25,995 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 11,755 5,920 5,840 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 11,875 6,045 5,830 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 11,760 6,040 5,720 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 10,845 5,650 5,190 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 7,065 3,660 3,410 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 107,455 53,455 53,995 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 21,270 10,890 10,385 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 6,755 3,450 3,305 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 64,755 32,145 32,605 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 21,430 10,425 11,005 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 12,620 5,875 6,745 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 2,995 1,540 1,455 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,045 550 500 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 7,215 3,390 3,820 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 2,415 945 1,470 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.7 11.0 12.5 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 14.1 14.1 14.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 15.5 15.9 15.1 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.1 10.5 11.7 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 11.3 9.1 13.4 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 4,110 2,065 2,040 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 850 445 405 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 280 150 125 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 3,000 1,490 1,515 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 255 130 130 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 3.8 3.9 3.8 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 4.0 4.1 3.9 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 4.1 4.3 3.8 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 4.6 4.6 4.6 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 1.2 1.2 1.2 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 107,455 53,455 53,995 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 106,865 53,160 53,705 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 106,845 53,155 53,695 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 3,335 1,455 1,880 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 11,830 5,730 6,100 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 60 25 40 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 40 15 25 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 35 10 20 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 30 10 20 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 45 15 25 30 10 15
Cayuga 10 0 10 0 0 0
Mohawk 30 15 20 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 0 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,770 5,710 6,065 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 85 55 25 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 0 0 0 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 0 0 245 140 110
Somali 0 0 0 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 85 55 25 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 0 0 0 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 55 40 15 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 0 0 0 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 10 10 0 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 20 10 10 315 155 155
Tigrigna 0 0 0 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 60 20 35 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 50 15 35 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 160 40 120 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 0 0 0 530 215 310
Cebuano 15 0 15 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 10 10 10 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 15 10 10 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 0 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 150 35 115 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 10 10 0 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 15 0 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 20 10 15 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 0 0 0 510 250 265
Malayalam 20 0 15 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 0 0 0 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 0 0 0 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 10,440 5,120 5,320 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 35 0 30 1,640 840 795
Armenian 0 0 0 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 1,315 625 690 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 75 45 30 1,030 515 520
Latvian 30 10 20 555 290 265
Lithuanian 55 35 15 475 220 250
Slavic languages 1,240 585 655 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 0 0 0 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 10 0 10 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 135 65 70 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 55 35 20 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 65 25 40 400 220 185
Polish 425 205 220 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 110 30 80 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 80 40 40 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 40 30 10 1,525 770 750
Slovak 95 60 35 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 40 10 30 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 280 110 175 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 25 0 15 420 215 205
Celtic languages 20 10 10 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 25 10 15 660 395 265
Welsh 0 0 0 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 6,800 3,270 3,525 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 50 25 30 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 40 15 30 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 1,545 795 750 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 110 70 45 465 230 240
German 4,615 2,210 2,405 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 0 0 10 405 210 195
Norwegian 15 0 10 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 30 10 20 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 355 150 205 545 270 275
Yiddish 10 0 0 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 440 240 200 155 95 60
Greek 155 90 60 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 150 85 60 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 120 60 60 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 0 0 0 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 30 10 20 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 40 25 15 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 0 0 0 60 30 25
Konkani 0 0 0 415 215 200
Marathi 10 0 0 1,475 780 695
Nepali 0 0 0 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 25 15 15 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 0 0 0 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 65 35 35 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 35 30 0 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 10 10 0 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 10 10 0 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 25 25 10 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 2,285 1,250 1,035 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 0 0 0 395 210 180
Italian 450 250 210 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 970 510 455 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 80 25 55 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 800 470 330 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 380 245 140
Japanese 15 10 10 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 115 55 60
Georgian 0 0 0 115 55 55
Korean 75 35 40 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 20 10 10 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 10 10 10 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 0 0 0 145 80 60
Ewe 0 0 0 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 0 0 0 150 95 50
Ganda 0 0 0 165 80 85
Igbo 0 0 0 425 240 185
Lingala 0 0 0 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 290 125 165
Shona 0 0 0 415 220 195
Swahili 10 10 0 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 0 0 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 0 0 0 405 210 200
Dinka 0 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 325 155 165
Sign languages 215 90 125 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 105 40 60 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 105 45 65 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 170 80 95 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 170 75 95 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 55 30 25 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 0 0 0 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 90 40 50 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 0 0 10 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 40 20 25 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 35 15 20 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 15 10 10 1,630 735 890
Thai 30 15 10 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 0 0 0 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 945 510 435
Turkish 0 0 0 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 0 0 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 590 265 325 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 10 0 10 780 350 425
Finnish 30 10 20 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 550 255 295 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 107,455 53,455 53,995 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 105,295 52,335 52,955 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 21,150 10,880 10,265 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 84,145 41,460 42,685 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 2,160 1,115 1,045 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 107,450 53,455 54,000 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 96,565 48,045 48,520 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 10,545 5,210 5,330 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 6,380 3,110 3,275 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 1,395 720 680 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 1,260 610 650 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 1,050 545 500 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 445 220 225 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 600 320 275 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 460 230 225 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 345 200 150 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 10,540 5,210 5,335 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 1,960 930 1,030 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 2,855 1,425 1,435 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 2,420 1,180 1,240 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 2,960 1,495 1,465 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 345 180 160 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 10,540 5,210 5,330 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 2,815 1,325 1,495 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 35 15 20 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 30 10 15 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 35 20 15 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 15 0 10 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 0 0 570 250 315
Jamaica 155 90 65 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 1,570 775 795 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 10 0 10 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 65 40 25 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 650 215 435 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 245 145 105 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 6,900 3,470 3,425 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 10 10 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 135 70 70 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 30 20 15 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 595 320 275 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 60 40 20 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 220 110 115 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 65 30 30 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 250 145 110 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 1,300 700 600 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 280 115 165 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 640 345 290 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 75 30 45 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 40 10 35 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 80 45 35 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 60 20 40 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,310 1,100 1,215 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 740 380 360 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 170 105 70 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 0 10 0 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 10 10 0 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 0 0 0 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 0 0 0 985 535 455
Nigeria 10 10 0 1,740 925 815
Somalia 0 0 0 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 45 30 20 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 105 60 50 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 595 265 325 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 0 10 0 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 0 0 0 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 115 55 55 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 0 0 0 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 70 35 35 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 10 15 0 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 10 10 0 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 0 0 0 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 45 30 20 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 10 10 0 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 50 30 20 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 150 40 110 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 0 10 0 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 10 0 0 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 0 0 0 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 35 10 25 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 85 35 50 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 65 45 15 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 460 230 230 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 315 155 160 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 0 0 0 1,145 525 615
Colombia 0 0 0 580 250 325
Cuba 0 0 0 140 60 80
Haiti 0 0 0 35 35 10
Jamaica 30 15 15 625 355 265
Mexico 195 95 100 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 30 15 15 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 60 25 35 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 55 45 10 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 0 0 0 970 510 460
Germany 0 0 0 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 0 0 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 0 0 0 690 310 380
Russian Federation 0