Census Profile, 2016 Census
Hamilton Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hamilton Centre
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Hamilton Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Hamilton Centre [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 100,103 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 101,932 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 -1.8 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 53,261 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 47,465 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 3,312.1 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 30.22 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 100,105 50,280 49,820 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 14,330 7,255 7,075 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 5,260 2,665 2,590 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 4,805 2,430 2,380 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 4,265 2,155 2,105 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 71,405 36,540 34,860 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 4,740 2,520 2,225 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 7,450 3,715 3,735 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 9,615 4,735 4,875 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 8,685 4,440 4,240 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 6,785 3,510 3,275 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 6,195 3,195 3,000 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 6,550 3,410 3,140 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 7,795 4,020 3,775 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 7,305 3,810 3,495 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 6,290 3,185 3,110 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 14,375 6,485 7,885 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 5,070 2,515 2,550 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 3,215 1,505 1,715 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 2,355 1,070 1,280 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 1,805 755 1,045 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 1,935 640 1,295 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,185 445 740 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 595 155 435 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 135 35 100 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 20 5 15 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 14.3 14.4 14.2 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 71.3 72.7 70.0 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 14.4 12.9 15.8 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 1.9 1.3 2.6 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 40.2 39.6 40.9 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 38.8 38.4 39.1 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 47,465 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 16,535 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 14,625 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 16,285 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,600 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 1,415 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 3,830 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 9,275 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 170 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 15 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 47,465 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 20,945 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 14,170 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 5,865 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 3,830 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,655 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 97,160 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.0 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 85,775 43,030 42,750 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 36,840 18,595 18,245 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 25,780 13,020 12,760 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 11,060 5,580 5,480 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 48,940 24,435 24,505 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 31,975 17,815 14,160 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 3,925 1,850 2,075 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 8,280 3,730 4,545 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 4,765 1,040 3,725 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 24,220 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 13,580 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 5,370 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 3,435 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 1,835 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.8 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 24,220 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 17,760 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 12,230 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 5,530 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,460 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 5,260 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,200 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 17,760 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 9,420 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 8,340 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 3,805 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 2,920 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 1,615 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,460 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 4,155 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,570 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 735 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 30,015 16,070 13,940 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 47,465 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 23,000 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 9,055 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 13,945 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 595 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 23,870 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 20,945 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 2,925 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 97,560 48,845 48,720 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 87,115 44,165 42,950 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 130 55 75 1,110 530 580
English and French 7,450 3,430 4,020 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 2,870 1,195 1,680 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 97,560 48,845 48,720 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 92,715 46,650 46,060 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,675 835 840 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 345 195 155 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 2,830 1,170 1,660 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,845 930 915 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 97,565 48,840 48,720 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 95,580 47,890 47,685 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 74,940 37,810 37,130 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 73,390 37,035 36,355 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,545 775 770 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 20,640 10,080 10,555 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 30 20 10 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 10 5 5 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 5 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 10 5 5 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 5 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 5 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 5 0 5 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 20 10 5 5 0 0
Cayuga 10 5 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 10 5 5 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 20,610 10,065 10,540 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,630 1,390 1,245 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 750 365 380 1,355 675 680
Bilen 5 0 5 5 0 0
Oromo 15 10 5 165 95 75
Somali 735 360 380 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,860 1,010 845 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 90 45 45 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,615 890 725 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 55 25 30 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 5 5 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 20 10 10 1,770 960 805
Maltese 10 5 5 80 40 40
Tigrigna 50 25 30 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 25 10 15 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,235 605 630 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 105 50 55 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 1,135 560 575 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 1,065 390 675 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 0 5 310 140 170
Cebuano 35 15 20 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 15 5 15 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 90 30 55 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 20 5 10 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 5 5 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 875 320 555 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 20 5 10 830 360 470
Creole languages 110 50 65 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 65 30 35 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 45 15 25 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 190 95 95 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 15 5 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 90 40 45 1,750 905 845
Tamil 75 35 40 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 15 10 5 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 11,745 5,770 5,975 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 205 95 110 1,090 560 530
Armenian 30 10 15 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 2,680 1,200 1,480 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 170 65 105 645 280 370
Latvian 55 25 35 320 145 175
Lithuanian 115 45 70 325 130 200
Slavic languages 2,510 1,135 1,375 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 0 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 35 20 15 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 10 5 5 1,725 805 915
Croatian 290 145 145 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 305 145 165 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 50 30 20 250 120 135
Polish 870 370 490 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 240 100 140 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 295 135 160 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 20 10 15 1,145 545 600
Slovak 55 35 20 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 30 10 20 545 250 290
Ukrainian 290 125 170 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 5 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 0 125 65 60
Welsh 0 0 5 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 860 400 460 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 15 10 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 35 15 20 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 215 100 110 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 5 0 80 30 50
German 560 255 305 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 5 155 70 80
Norwegian 5 0 5 835 410 430
Swedish 15 5 5 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 5 5 200 105 95
Yiddish 5 0 5 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 305 165 140 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 1,840 1,025 810 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 1,280 730 545 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 365 180 185 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 280 205 70 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 120 85 35 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 0 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 10 10 5 225 110 110
Marathi 5 0 5 535 280 255
Nepali 55 30 30 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 175 90 85 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 5 5 0 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 25 10 15 1,455 730 725
Urdu 225 110 115 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 550 290 260 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 75 45 30 1,650 875 780
Pashto 45 20 25 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 430 225 205 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 5,820 2,870 2,955 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 5 5 5 125 65 55
Italian 1,420 665 750 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 2,370 1,200 1,170 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 230 110 125 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,795 890 905 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 60 40 25
Japanese 60 20 40 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 0 0 65 40 25
Korean 245 110 135 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 420 205 220 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 55 25 30 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 5 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 10 5 10 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 5 5 20 10 5
Ga 0 0 0 35 15 15
Ganda 10 5 10 65 35 30
Igbo 15 10 5 160 90 65
Lingala 15 10 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 15 5 10 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 15 5 105 45 55
Shona 35 20 25 150 70 85
Swahili 135 65 75 585 285 295
Wolof 0 5 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 15 10 5 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 70 30 45 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 70 40 30 265 135 135
Dinka 5 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 75 40 35 190 85 100
Sign languages 30 15 15 620 330 295
American Sign Language 10 5 10 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 10 10 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,975 975 1,000 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 1,705 825 880 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 630 295 325 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 5 5 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 880 435 450 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 5 0 5 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 20 20 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 5 5 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 145 75 70 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 270 145 125 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 40 20 15 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 225 120 105 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 180 90 85 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 85 45 35 800 405 400
Thai 100 45 55 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 90 45 45 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 85 40 45 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 165 70 95
Uralic languages 525 255 270 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 35 20 15 455 195 260
Finnish 25 15 10 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 470 230 245 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 365 200 170
Multiple responses 1,985 950 1,035 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 285 140 145 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 1,520 720 800 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 125 65 60 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 55 25 30 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 97,560 48,840 48,720 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 93,400 46,775 46,625 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 82,305 41,450 40,855 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 81,760 41,190 40,570 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 550 265 285 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 11,090 5,320 5,770 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 5 5 5 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 5 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 5 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 5 5 5 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,080 5,315 5,765 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,850 935 915 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 525 240 285 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 5 0 0 0
Oromo 5 0 0 80 40 35
Somali 515 240 275 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 1,320 690 630 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 30 15 15 535 250 290
Arabic 1,200 625 570 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 45 20 25 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 5 5 0 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 10 0 5 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 30 15 15 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 870 420 445 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 45 20 25 620 290 330
Vietnamese 820 400 420 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 510 220 295 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 15 5 10 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 40 20 25 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 5 0 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 5 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 445 185 255 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 40 10 30 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 0 0 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 15 5 15 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 105 50 55 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 5 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 35 20 15 885 450 435
Tamil 60 25 35 1,935 965 965
Telugu 10 5 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 5,530 2,620 2,910 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 145 70 75 530 255 270
Armenian 10 5 5 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 1,040 470 570 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 45 15 30 160 75 90
Latvian 20 5 10 65 30 35
Lithuanian 30 5 20 90 45 50
Slavic languages 990 455 540 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 15 10 5 540 270 270
Bulgarian 0 0 5 925 425 495
Croatian 75 40 40 1,795 840 955
Czech 210 95 110 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 15 10 5 120 60 60
Polish 325 140 190 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 125 50 75 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 110 50 60 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 5 5 5 435 205 235
Slovak 15 10 5 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 0 5 60 25 35
Ukrainian 80 40 40 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 5 0 5 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 85 35 50 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 10 5 5 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 10 5 5 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 65 25 35 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 5 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 120 60 65 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 1,025 565 455 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 715 405 305 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 245 120 125 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 150 105 40 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 50 45 10 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 0 40 15 15
Marathi 0 0 0 245 125 120
Nepali 50 25 20 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 90 50 40 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 0 0 0 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 15 5 5 595 290 305
Urdu 110 55 55 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 305 155 150 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 45 25 15 1,025 515 505
Pashto 35 10 20 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 220 115 105 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 3,105 1,425 1,680 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 5 60 30 35
Italian 660 265 395 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 1,355 655 700 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 115 50 65 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 975 455 515 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 10 5 10
Japanese 20 10 10 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 135 55 85 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 180 90 90 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 25 10 10 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 5 0 5 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 10 0 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 5 45 15 30
Shona 15 10 5 40 15 20
Swahili 85 45 45 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 5 5 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 20 5 15 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 10 15 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 25 15 15 60 20 40
Sign languages 45 25 25 830 460 370
American Sign Language 20 5 15 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 25 15 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 1,365 670 695 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 1,160 560 600 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 415 195 220 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 5 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 610 305 305 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 15 5 10 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 115 55 60 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 205 110 100 1,630 820 810
Burmese 30 20 15 685 350 335
Karenic languages 175 95 80 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 130 65 60 1,015 435 580
Lao 55 30 20 335 160 175
Thai 75 40 40 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 60 25 35 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 55 25 30 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 195 95 105 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 10 5 5 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 190 95 95 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 110 50 60
Multiple responses 4,170 2,070 2,095 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 200 105 95 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 3,785 1,870 1,915 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 85 45 35 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 105 50 50 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 97,565 48,840 48,720 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 86,510 43,375 43,130 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 3,630 1,815 1,820 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 985 450 530 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 6,240 3,105 3,135 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 55 30 30 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 6,185 3,075 3,110 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 35 15 15 965 435 530
English and non-official language 75 40 40 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 85 45 40 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 82,970 41,460 41,510 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,405 39,715 39,695 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 25,352 27,614 23,760 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 79,415 39,715 39,700 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 24,097 25,721 22,827 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,020 31,860 31,160 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 26,766 30,779 23,021 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 62,805 30,170 32,635 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 5,663 3,760 6,899 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 53,975 28,050 25,925 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,123 31,506 24,989 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 82,975 41,450 41,525 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,295 39,615 39,685 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,694 37,543 31,851 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 79,300 39,610 39,690 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 30,173 32,144 28,206 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,145 31,900 31,250 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,604 39,777 31,345 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 62,850 30,210 32,640 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,002 7,229 8,718 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 53,945 27,920 26,025 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,862 39,234 32,243 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 82,975 41,455 41,525 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 24,650 13,330 11,320 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 44,843 47,868 41,614 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 51,226 54,672 47,170 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 81.5 85.2 77.2 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 70.4 74.0 66.1 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 18.5 14.8 22.8 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 82,965 41,455 41,510 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 3,560 1,745 1,815 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 79,410 39,715 39,695 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 95.7 95.8 95.6 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,980 6,605 6,375 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 18,660 8,500 10,165 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 13,595 6,010 7,585 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 9,460 4,630 4,825 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 7,435 3,860 3,580 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 5,375 2,990 2,385 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 3,735 2,125 1,610 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 2,550 1,440 1,105 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 1,635 1,030 605 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 1,375 820 555 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 2,615 1,710 900 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 1,825 1,180 645 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 790 535 255 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 82,970 41,460 41,505 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 3,550 1,740 1,810 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 79,415 39,715 39,695 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 95.7 95.8 95.6 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,130 6,665 6,465 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 19,330 8,790 10,545 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 15,530 7,060 8,460 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 10,855 5,425 5,430 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 8,025 4,380 3,645 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 4,930 2,765 2,165 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 2,990 1,755 1,240 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 1,990 1,185 805 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 2,630 1,695 935 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 980 610 375 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 500 335 170 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 1,145 755 390 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 82,965 41,460 41,510 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 28,995 13,415 15,580 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 53,975 28,045 25,930 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 65.1 67.6 62.5 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 7,775 3,990 3,780 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 4,570 2,135 2,430 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,495 3,835 4,655 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 7,475 3,535 3,935 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,415 3,280 3,130 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 5,475 2,905 2,565 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 4,190 2,415 1,780 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 2,935 1,730 1,205 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,115 1,250 865 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 4,540 2,970 1,570 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 1,375 875 490 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 1,190 715 470 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 1,980 1,370 605 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 47,465 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 43,717 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 40,269 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 20,945 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 24,850 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 23,685 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 26,520 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 62,204 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 56,893 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 47,475 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 57,951 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 50,402 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 20,950 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 34,257 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 29,804 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 26,525 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 76,666 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 66,671 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 47,465 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,400 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,530 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,460 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,805 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,315 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,920 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,805 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,655 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,475 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,215 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,005 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,305 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,705 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,160 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,835 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 6,880 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,930 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,585 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 1,490 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 880 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 47,465 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 1,435 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 1,545 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 3,480 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 3,935 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 3,740 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 3,230 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 3,135 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 3,065 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,780 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,570 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,315 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,430 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,720 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,030 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 1,480 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 4,585 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 2,270 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 1,165 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 1,155 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 24,315 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 62,311 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 56,976 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 2.9 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 8,815 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 62,947 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 56,638 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 8,410 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 81,605 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 72,976 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,080 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 40,056 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 38,656 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 24,435 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 77,134 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 66,879 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 8,855 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 78,884 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 67,208 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 8,430 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 95,749 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 82,522 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,055 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 49,788 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 45,351 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 27,270 14,760 12,505 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 23,204 22,804 23,532 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 22,362 22,021 22,718 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 26,945 14,415 12,525 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 32,159 31,967 32,381 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 28,157 27,728 28,652 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 97,165 48,615 48,550 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 67,635 33,520 34,115 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 20,970 10,750 10,225 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 15,575 7,285 8,295 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 12,245 5,980 6,260 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 10,165 5,070 5,095 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 8,675 4,435 4,240 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 29,530 15,095 14,435 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 7,745 3,940 3,805 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 6,840 3,495 3,345 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 6,180 3,125 3,055 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 5,050 2,615 2,440 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 3,710 1,925 1,785 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 97,165 48,615 48,550 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 16,865 8,580 8,290 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 6,200 3,115 3,085 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 67,200 34,085 33,115 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 13,095 5,955 7,140 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 28,405 13,930 14,475 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 6,415 3,200 3,220 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 2,490 1,210 1,280 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 18,585 9,290 9,300 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 3,400 1,440 1,960 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 29.2 28.7 29.8 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 38.0 37.3 38.8 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 40.2 38.8 41.5 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 27.7 27.3 28.1 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 26.0 24.2 27.5 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 24,385 12,340 12,045 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 4,980 2,490 2,485 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,950 955 1,000 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 16,880 8,775 8,100 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 2,525 1,070 1,455 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 25.1 25.4 24.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 29.5 29.0 30.0 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 31.5 30.7 32.4 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 25.1 25.7 24.5 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 19.3 18.0 20.4 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 97,165 48,660 48,505 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 94,315 47,470 46,850 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 94,150 47,380 46,765 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 7,610 3,590 4,015 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 26,415 12,760 13,655 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 105 40 60 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 30 15 10 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 15 0 10 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 10 10 10 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 15 10 10 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 10 10 0 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 10 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 0 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 10 0 0 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 65 30 35 0 10 10
Cayuga 15 0 10 0 0 0
Mohawk 55 30 25 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 10 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 26,310 12,715 13,595 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,240 1,745 1,500 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 0 0 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 835 365 470 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 30 15 10 190 110 80
Somali 810 355 460 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 2,425 1,385 1,040 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 130 70 55 1,755 905 855
Arabic 2,140 1,245 900 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 65 35 35 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 10 0 0 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 75 40 35 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 50 20 25 165 90 80
Tigrigna 30 10 25 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,390 650 740 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 120 25 90 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 1,270 625 650 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 1,345 495 860 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 10 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 30 0 30 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 10 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 20 10 15 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 140 50 90 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 15 10 10 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 10 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 10 0 10 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 1,255 465 790 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 30 20 10 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 225 105 115 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 20 10 10 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 60 35 25 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 145 65 85 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 240 100 140 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 30 20 15 445 210 235
Malayalam 80 25 50 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 155 60 95 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 25 15 10 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 15,450 7,475 7,975 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 275 135 140 1,135 580 555
Armenian 45 15 30 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 3,290 1,515 1,775 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 210 90 125 635 310 325
Latvian 80 40 45 310 175 140
Lithuanian 125 50 80 325 135 185
Slavic languages 3,095 1,435 1,655 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 50 30 25 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 10 0 10 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 385 190 200 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 415 190 230 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 70 35 35 345 180 160
Polish 1,020 445 580 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 425 200 225 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 445 215 230 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 30 20 15 1,240 595 645
Slovak 90 55 35 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 55 15 40 725 330 400
Ukrainian 365 175 190 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 35 20 10 250 120 125
Celtic languages 20 10 15 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 15 10 10 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 10 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,590 735 855 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 25 10 15 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 45 15 30 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 285 160 125 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 10 120 55 65
German 1,200 540 665 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 15 0 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 40 10 25 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 370 210 165 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 2,180 1,160 1,015 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 1,665 900 760 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 525 255 265 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 300 200 100 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 570 335 235 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 10 0 10 375 185 190
Marathi 10 0 0 1,275 650 625
Nepali 75 40 40 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 345 155 185 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 0 0 0 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 10 15 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 255 130 125 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 520 265 255 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 55 30 25 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 40 25 15 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 450 230 220 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 35 15 15 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 8,160 3,915 4,240 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 10 10 0 245 125 120
Italian 2,110 1,035 1,075 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 2,965 1,460 1,505 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 250 125 120 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 3,135 1,435 1,695 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 20 15 10 220 130 85
Japanese 135 70 65 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 305 100 200 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 745 375 370 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 110 40 65 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 0 115 65 55
Ewe 0 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 20 10 15 45 10 35
Ga 0 10 0 95 60 35
Ganda 15 0 10 105 60 45
Igbo 55 40 10 240 140 95
Lingala 110 45 65 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 40 20 20 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 0 15 210 95 115
Shona 65 40 25 265 125 140
Swahili 235 125 110 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 10 10 10 30 15 15
Yoruba 35 15 15 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 140 65 75 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 185 95 90 300 150 150
Dinka 0 10 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 180 90 90 250 120 135
Sign languages 225 95 130 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 125 35 90 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 110 60 50 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,475 1,240 1,240 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 2,085 1,030 1,060 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 830 415 415 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 25 15 10 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 1,245 630 615 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 20 10 10 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 60 20 35 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 25 10 20 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 155 65 95 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 385 205 185 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 55 35 20 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 360 185 175 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 265 145 120 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 130 70 60 1,125 505 620
Thai 150 75 65 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 140 60 75 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 15 10 0 835 455 385
Turkish 125 50 75 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 225 125 105
Uralic languages 610 310 305 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 60 25 30 495 205 295
Finnish 25 15 15 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 525 265 260 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 85 50 35 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 97,170 48,665 48,505 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 88,385 44,190 44,200 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 15,355 7,855 7,500 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 73,035 36,335 36,700 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 8,780 4,480 4,305 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 97,165 48,665 48,505 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 72,170 36,470 35,700 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 22,995 11,030 11,965 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 7,450 3,520 3,930 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 3,325 1,700 1,620 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 3,645 1,705 1,935 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 4,575 2,125 2,450 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 1,875 850 1,025 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 2,700 1,270 1,430 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 4,000 1,980 2,020 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,010 1,165 845 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 22,995 11,030 11,965 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 2,605 1,285 1,320 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 4,810 2,560 2,260 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 4,935 2,260 2,680 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 8,855 4,160 4,695 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 1,785 775 1,015 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 22,990 11,030 11,965 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 4,190 1,925 2,265 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 80 50 30 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 240 120 125 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 485 215 270 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 310 110 200 920 415 500
Haiti 45 25 20 265 110 160
Jamaica 710 325 390 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 120 60 60 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 30 20 15 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 315 115 200 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 845 425 420 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 1,000 470 530 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 9,340 4,550 4,790 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 115 40 75 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 275 155 120 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 100 55 50 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 500 240 255 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 230 125 100 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 370 200 170 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 90 45 45 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 1,070 525 545 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 220 125 95 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 675 315 360 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 1,875 930 945 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 170 85 90 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 105 35 70 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 240 120 125 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 120 65 55 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,085 975 1,110 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,100 505 595 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 2,295 1,085 1,215 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 15 10 10 430 270 150
Egypt 115 60 55 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 95 50 45 1,665 835 825
Kenya 165 70 100 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 55 30 25 730 385 340
Nigeria 90 35 50 1,205 630 575
Somalia 425 165 260 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 85 45 50 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 1,245 620 625 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 7,105 3,450 3,660 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 130 75 55 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 345 170 175 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 810 375 430 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 100 35 60 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 465 245 225 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 245 125 115 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 345 200 145 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 20 10 10 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 210 60 145 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 85 45 40 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 145 80 60 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 1,260 460 795 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 70 40 35 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 700 395 300 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 30 15 15 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 960 460 500 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,200 660 535 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 65 20 45 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 4,000 1,980 2,020 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 610 335 270 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 30 20 10 960 445 520
Colombia 65 25 40 465 220 240
Cuba 40 15 25 70 35 30
Haiti 35 20 15 15 0 10
Jamaica 115 75 35 160 115 45
Mexico 25 15 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 135 75 60 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 10 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 160 85 75 1,855 875 975
Europe 400 210 190 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 15 10 10 790 415 370
Germany 15 10 0 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 10 10 0 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 0 200 110 90
Romania 0 0