Census Profile, 2016 Census
Hamilton East--Stoney Creek [Federal electoral district], Ontario and Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia

Select a table view
The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hamilton East--Stoney Creek
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
Greater Vancouver, RD
British Columbia
[Census division]
Data quality , Hamilton East--Stoney Creek [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Hamilton East--Stoney Creek [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : Greater Vancouver, Regional district [Census division], British Columbia  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 107,848 ... ... 2,463,431 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 107,786 ... ... 2,313,328 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 0.1 ... ... 6.5 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 45,084 ... ... 1,027,613 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 43,804 ... ... 960,894 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,600.2 ... ... 854.6 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 67.40 ... ... 2,882.68 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 107,845 52,600 55,250 2,463,430 1,202,175 1,261,255
0 to 14 years 16,630 8,590 8,040 362,110 186,780 175,330
0 to 4 years 5,455 2,845 2,615 116,270 60,045 56,220
5 to 9 years 5,610 2,885 2,720 122,730 63,390 59,345
10 to 14 years 5,565 2,860 2,705 123,110 63,340 59,765
15 to 64 years 70,415 34,795 35,615 1,714,005 838,860 875,145
15 to 19 years 5,890 3,040 2,850 142,280 73,180 69,100
20 to 24 years 6,450 3,330 3,120 167,270 85,385 81,890
25 to 29 years 6,680 3,315 3,360 179,940 89,305 90,635
30 to 34 years 6,810 3,415 3,390 182,630 89,925 92,705
35 to 39 years 6,390 3,105 3,290 167,950 81,090 86,860
40 to 44 years 6,430 3,150 3,275 168,370 79,445 88,930
45 to 49 years 7,290 3,500 3,790 184,285 87,850 96,440
50 to 54 years 8,615 4,315 4,300 191,375 93,230 98,140
55 to 59 years 8,435 4,115 4,320 177,095 85,595 91,505
60 to 64 years 7,420 3,495 3,925 152,805 73,865 78,940
65 years and over 20,800 9,210 11,595 387,315 176,530 210,780
65 to 69 years 6,555 2,990 3,565 131,035 62,615 68,420
70 to 74 years 4,840 2,310 2,525 89,675 42,495 47,180
75 to 79 years 3,920 1,810 2,115 66,510 30,605 35,905
80 to 84 years 2,825 1,165 1,660 48,820 21,960 26,860
85 years and over 2,660 930 1,730 51,280 18,860 32,420
85 to 89 years 1,745 650 1,095 31,475 12,740 18,735
90 to 94 years 765 235 530 14,875 4,905 9,965
95 to 99 years 130 35 95 4,195 1,055 3,140
100 years and over 20 10 15 740 155 580
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.4 16.3 14.6 14.7 15.5 13.9
15 to 64 years 65.3 66.2 64.5 69.6 69.8 69.4
65 years and over 19.3 17.5 21.0 15.7 14.7 16.7
85 years and over 2.5 1.8 3.1 2.1 1.6 2.6
Average age of the population 42.7 41.5 43.9 41.0 40.1 41.9
Median age of the population 44.0 42.4 45.4 40.9 39.7 42.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 43,800 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Single-detached house 24,800 ... ... 282,355 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 8,700 ... ... 160,060 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,300 ... ... 513,900 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,200 ... ... 20,530 ... ...
Row house 5,275 ... ... 93,415 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 885 ... ... 156,445 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,870 ... ... 242,205 ... ...
Other single-attached house 75 ... ... 1,305 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 5 ... ... 4,580 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 43,805 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
1 person 12,405 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
2 persons 14,660 ... ... 300,170 ... ...
3 persons 7,155 ... ... 153,090 ... ...
4 persons 5,885 ... ... 139,175 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,695 ... ... 93,005 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 107,175 ... ... 2,426,235 ... ...
Average household size 2.4 ... ... 2.5 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 91,220 44,005 47,210 2,101,315 1,015,395 1,085,925
Married or living common law 49,965 25,010 24,960 1,193,125 594,180 598,940
Married 41,870 20,965 20,905 1,033,885 513,725 520,160
Living common law 8,095 4,045 4,050 159,240 80,455 78,780
Not married and not living common law 41,250 18,995 22,255 908,195 421,215 486,980
Never married 24,910 13,605 11,305 629,040 334,130 294,905
Separated 3,250 1,435 1,810 50,130 20,265 29,860
Divorced 6,440 2,655 3,780 128,045 47,280 80,765
Widowed 6,650 1,300 5,350 100,985 19,540 81,445
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 31,275 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
2 persons 15,940 ... ... 327,260 ... ...
3 persons 7,115 ... ... 158,785 ... ...
4 persons 5,790 ... ... 145,805 ... ...
5 or more persons 2,425 ... ... 47,510 ... ...
Average size of census families 2.9 ... ... 2.9 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 31,275 ... ... 679,365 ... ...
Total couple families 24,570 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Married couples 20,525 ... ... 495,065 ... ...
Common-law couples 4,050 ... ... 79,610 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 6,700 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
Female parent 5,300 ... ... 84,740 ... ...
Male parent 1,400 ... ... 19,955 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 24,575 ... ... 574,670 ... ...
Couples without children 11,725 ... ... 260,290 ... ...
Couples with children 12,850 ... ... 314,380 ... ...
1 child 5,325 ... ... 129,480 ... ...
2 children 5,265 ... ... 139,080 ... ...
3 or more children 2,260 ... ... 45,815 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 6,700 ... ... 104,695 ... ...
1 child 4,215 ... ... 66,975 ... ...
2 children 1,790 ... ... 29,305 ... ...
3 or more children 695 ... ... 8,420 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 17,855 8,195 9,655 462,125 214,705 247,420
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 43,805 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
One-census-family households 28,925 ... ... 600,775 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 10,830 ... ... 226,490 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 18,095 ... ... 374,290 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 1,145 ... ... 37,595 ... ...
Non-census-family households 13,730 ... ... 322,525 ... ...
One-person households 12,405 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,325 ... ... 47,065 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 107,420 52,440 54,985 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English only 100,065 49,355 50,710 2,130,565 1,058,310 1,072,260
French only 65 25 40 1,110 530 580
English and French 4,820 2,095 2,730 172,140 76,650 95,500
Neither English nor French 2,465 965 1,505 136,320 56,185 80,135
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 107,425 52,440 54,985 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
English 103,230 50,680 52,550 2,265,310 1,116,840 1,148,470
French 1,355 625 735 25,710 12,825 12,875
English and French 415 205 215 14,470 6,635 7,835
Neither English nor French 2,425 940 1,485 134,655 55,370 79,285
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,565 720 840 32,940 16,145 16,795
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.3
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 107,425 52,440 54,985 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
Single responses 104,800 51,115 53,685 2,361,890 1,153,910 1,207,980
Official languages 74,860 36,900 37,955 1,341,640 678,670 662,970
English 73,475 36,280 37,190 1,316,640 666,170 650,470
French 1,385 620 765 25,005 12,505 12,500
Non-official languages 29,935 14,210 15,730 1,020,250 475,240 545,015
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 860 390 470
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 315 135 180
Blackfoot 0 0 0 25 0 20
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 5 0 220 105 115
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 40 15 25
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 15 10 5
Woods Cree 0 0 0 20 15 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 145 70 80
Eastern Algonquian languages 5 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 70 25 40
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 65 25 35
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 5 0 5
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 50 55
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 40 15 20
Chilcotin 0 0 0 25 15 10
Dene 0 0 0 20 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 10 5 5
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 0 5 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 5 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haida 0 0 0 10 10 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 20 5 15
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Inuktitut 5 0 0 15 5 10
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 5 0 0 5 0 0
Cayuga 5 5 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 5 0 0 5 0 0
Oneida 0 0 5 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 5 5 0
Michif 0 0 0 10 0 5
Salish languages 0 0 0 140 65 70
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 35 25 15
Lillooet 0 0 0 10 5 5
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 20 5 10
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Siouan languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Dakota 0 0 0 20 5 15
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 5 0 5
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 95 45 55
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 45 20 25
Nisga'a 0 0 0 25 15 15
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 10 15
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 55 25 35
Haisla 0 0 0 10 5 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 15 5 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 10 5 5
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 75 35 35
Non-Aboriginal languages 29,925 14,210 15,725 1,019,395 474,850 544,545
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,405 740 660 20,725 11,005 9,715
Berber languages 0 0 0 95 55 35
Kabyle 0 0 0 35 20 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 40 25
Cushitic languages 60 30 30 1,355 675 680
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 20 10 10 165 95 75
Somali 40 20 20 1,170 570 595
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Semitic languages 1,330 705 625 19,225 10,245 8,980
Amharic 25 5 15 1,140 560 585
Arabic 1,040 560 475 14,320 7,720 6,600
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 175 90 85 630 305 325
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 55 30 30 440 240 195
Harari 0 0 0 25 10 15
Hebrew 10 5 5 1,770 960 805
Maltese 15 10 5 80 40 40
Tigrigna 15 10 5 695 340 355
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 135 70 60
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 45 25 15
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,090 490 605 24,195 11,070 13,125
Khmer (Cambodian) 515 240 280 1,210 555 655
Vietnamese 575 255 315 22,950 10,500 12,450
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 35 15 20
Austronesian languages 460 165 300 82,025 33,570 48,460
Bikol 5 5 0 310 140 170
Cebuano 25 10 15 3,210 1,285 1,925
Fijian 0 0 0 395 190 200
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,280 485 795
Ilocano 30 10 20 4,605 1,820 2,790
Malagasy 0 0 0 15 0 10
Malay 15 5 10 3,480 1,545 1,930
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 5 0 635 290 345
Pangasinan 0 0 0 265 115 150
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 370 125 245 66,825 27,275 39,555
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 180 70 110
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 830 360 470
Creole languages 70 35 40 610 310 300
Haitian Creole 10 0 10 25 15 5
Creole, n.o.s. 45 20 25 370 175 185
Creole languages, n.i.e. 20 10 10 225 120 105
Dravidian languages 170 80 90 6,210 3,290 2,925
Kannada 5 5 5 225 115 110
Malayalam 80 40 40 1,750 905 845
Tamil 65 30 35 3,275 1,700 1,580
Telugu 15 5 10 920 550 370
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 15 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 130 70 60
Indo-European languages 25,200 11,995 13,205 416,565 203,240 213,325
Albanian 475 250 225 1,090 560 530
Armenian 55 25 25 1,060 525 540
Balto-Slavic languages 10,885 5,095 5,790 57,625 26,950 30,675
Baltic languages 60 25 40 645 280 370
Latvian 25 10 15 320 145 175
Lithuanian 35 10 20 325 130 200
Slavic languages 10,825 5,075 5,750 56,975 26,675 30,305
Belarusan 5 0 0 60 30 30
Bosnian 635 315 320 1,155 580 575
Bulgarian 30 15 20 1,725 805 915
Croatian 2,830 1,330 1,500 5,465 2,645 2,820
Czech 205 95 115 3,565 1,705 1,865
Macedonian 120 50 70 250 120 135
Polish 2,365 1,040 1,325 12,040 5,650 6,390
Russian 195 90 105 18,175 8,270 9,905
Serbian 3,285 1,670 1,615 6,300 3,220 3,085
Serbo-Croatian 225 110 115 1,145 545 600
Slovak 105 40 70 2,390 1,060 1,335
Slovene (Slovenian) 305 120 180 545 250 290
Ukrainian 475 175 305 3,990 1,705 2,285
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 45 25 25 180 90 90
Celtic languages 5 0 5 315 170 145
Scottish Gaelic 5 5 5 125 65 60
Welsh 0 5 0 120 65 55
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 40 25
Germanic languages 985 440 545 37,830 18,000 19,825
Afrikaans 15 5 10 1,435 730 705
Danish 20 10 15 2,065 1,020 1,050
Dutch 320 150 175 7,455 3,595 3,860
Frisian 5 0 0 80 30 50
German 610 265 350 24,055 11,340 12,720
Icelandic 0 0 0 155 70 80
Norwegian 0 0 0 835 410 430
Swedish 5 0 0 1,290 570 720
Vlaams (Flemish) 5 5 0 200 105 95
Yiddish 0 0 0 220 115 110
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 25 20 15
Greek 315 160 155 4,885 2,515 2,365
Indo-Iranian languages 4,750 2,365 2,385 242,400 119,930 122,465
Indo-Aryan languages 4,350 2,165 2,185 198,075 97,680 100,395
Bengali 40 20 20 2,680 1,395 1,290
Gujarati 330 165 160 6,280 2,955 3,325
Hindi 230 115 115 24,220 11,580 12,640
Kashmiri 5 0 0 40 25 15
Konkani 10 5 5 225 110 110
Marathi 10 5 0 535 280 255
Nepali 60 35 30 920 485 430
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 65 35 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 2,360 1,170 1,185 151,205 74,820 76,385
Sindhi 30 10 10 1,580 725 850
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 35 15 20 1,455 730 725
Urdu 1,250 625 630 8,875 4,535 4,340
Iranian languages 370 180 190 43,985 22,075 21,910
Kurdish 50 20 25 1,650 875 780
Pashto 65 30 35 1,070 570 500
Persian (Farsi) 265 130 135 41,265 20,635 20,630
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 25 20 10 340 180 160
Italic (Romance) languages 7,735 3,660 4,075 71,375 34,590 36,785
Catalan 0 0 0 125 65 55
Italian 4,990 2,335 2,655 15,450 7,735 7,710
Portuguese 1,055 525 535 11,950 5,655 6,295
Romanian 365 170 195 7,175 3,480 3,690
Spanish 1,315 625 695 36,625 17,615 19,005
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 60 40 25
Japanese 40 10 30 16,900 5,750 11,150
Kartvelian languages 5 0 0 65 40 25
Georgian 0 5 0 65 40 25
Korean 145 70 75 45,990 20,680 25,310
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 340 145 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 340 145 195
Niger-Congo languages 225 100 125 2,645 1,335 1,315
Akan (Twi) 20 10 10 405 220 180
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 10 5
Edo 0 0 0 80 45 30
Ewe 0 0 0 60 30 25
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 10 5
Ga 10 5 5 35 15 15
Ganda 5 0 0 65 35 30
Igbo 0 5 5 160 90 65
Lingala 5 0 5 55 25 30
Rundi (Kirundi) 5 0 0 100 40 55
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 20 15 10 105 45 55
Shona 40 15 25 150 70 85
Swahili 45 20 25 585 285 295
Wolof 0 0 0 30 10 20
Yoruba 15 5 10 190 110 80
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 60 30 25 610 280 325
Nilo-Saharan languages 20 15 10 265 135 135
Dinka 0 0 0 80 50 30
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 20 10 15 190 85 100
Sign languages 20 15 5 620 330 295
American Sign Language 15 5 5 265 125 135
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 10 5 5 360 200 155
Sino-Tibetan languages 470 230 240 387,640 177,135 210,505
Chinese languages 455 225 235 385,355 175,990 209,365
Cantonese 215 115 100 184,365 85,070 99,300
Hakka 0 0 0 2,180 950 1,230
Mandarin 170 75 100 174,920 79,280 95,635
Min Dong 0 0 0 220 105 115
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 40 20 20 10,655 4,755 5,900
Wu (Shanghainese) 5 0 0 4,330 1,905 2,425
Chinese, n.o.s. 20 10 5 8,485 3,840 4,645
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 195 80 110
Tibeto-Burman languages 15 5 5 2,285 1,150 1,140
Burmese 5 0 0 1,035 530 510
Karenic languages 10 5 5 770 370 400
Tibetan 0 0 0 260 135 125
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 220 115 105
Tai-Kadai languages 105 45 60 2,750 980 1,770
Lao 70 30 35 800 405 400
Thai 35 15 25 1,930 570 1,365
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 10
Turkic languages 120 60 55 3,700 2,035 1,665
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 495 275 225
Turkish 105 55 50 2,770 1,560 1,215
Uyghur 0 0 0 165 80 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 95 45 50
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 165 70 95
Uralic languages 370 155 220 7,640 3,535 4,105
Estonian 5 0 5 455 195 260
Finnish 5 0 5 1,900 770 1,130
Hungarian 360 150 205 5,285 2,570 2,715
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 365 200 170
Multiple responses 2,625 1,330 1,295 78,255 37,760 40,490
English and French 225 115 110 5,200 2,535 2,660
English and non-official language 2,285 1,160 1,125 69,885 33,750 36,135
French and non-official language 70 30 40 1,545 750 795
English, French and non-official language 45 25 20 1,620 725 900
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 107,425 52,445 54,980 2,440,145 1,191,670 1,248,470
Single responses 101,035 49,305 51,740 2,252,465 1,102,220 1,150,240
Official languages 86,140 42,325 43,820 1,631,365 811,500 819,870
English 85,720 42,135 43,580 1,622,735 807,235 815,500
French 425 185 240 8,630 4,265 4,365
Non-official languages 14,900 6,980 7,920 621,100 290,725 330,375
Aboriginal languages 0 0 0 105 45 55
Algonquian languages 0 0 0 25 10 10
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 0 10
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 5 0 5
Chilcotin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 5 5 0
Inuit languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 0 0 0
Lillooet 0 0 0 0 5 0
Okanagan 0 0 0 0 0 0
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 5 0
Squamish 0 0 0 0 0 0
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 0
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 15 5 10
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 5 5 5
Nisga'a 0 0 0 5 5 5
Tsimshian 0 0 0 0 0 0
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Haisla 0 0 0 0 0 5
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 0 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Non-Aboriginal languages 14,900 6,980 7,920 620,995 290,680 330,320
Afro-Asiatic languages 935 465 470 11,900 5,965 5,935
Berber languages 0 0 0 40 20 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 15 5 10
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 5
Cushitic languages 45 20 20 695 315 380
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 25 10 15 80 40 35
Somali 25 15 15 610 270 340
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Semitic languages 880 440 440 11,155 5,630 5,530
Amharic 5 0 10 535 250 290
Arabic 670 330 340 8,680 4,405 4,275
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 140 75 65 400 200 200
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 45 25 25 305 160 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 0 0 0 785 400 385
Maltese 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tigrigna 10 5 0 355 165 190
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 90 40 45
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 5 10 10 5 5
Austro-Asiatic languages 745 335 410 15,000 6,955 8,045
Khmer (Cambodian) 320 140 185 620 290 330
Vietnamese 425 195 230 14,365 6,655 7,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 10
Austronesian languages 165 75 95 35,335 15,585 19,750
Bikol 0 0 0 70 30 35
Cebuano 20 10 5 1,085 485 600
Fijian 0 0 0 95 50 50
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 355 150 205
Ilocano 20 5 10 1,465 625 840
Malagasy 0 0 0 5 5 0
Malay 5 5 5 1,050 485 565
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 135 65 75
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 120 50 70 30,695 13,505 17,190
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 260 130 130
Creole languages 25 10 15 290 125 160
Haitian Creole 5 0 5 5 5 5
Creole, n.o.s. 15 5 10 205 85 115
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 35 40
Dravidian languages 95 50 45 3,355 1,695 1,650
Kannada 0 0 0 95 45 50
Malayalam 50 25 20 885 450 435
Tamil 30 15 15 1,935 965 965
Telugu 15 10 5 425 230 190
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 20 30
Indo-European languages 12,170 5,670 6,500 220,600 107,100 113,505
Albanian 225 115 110 530 255 270
Armenian 10 5 5 505 225 280
Balto-Slavic languages 5,480 2,620 2,860 25,650 12,295 13,350
Baltic languages 10 0 5 160 75 90
Latvian 5 5 0 65 30 35
Lithuanian 5 0 0 90 45 50
Slavic languages 5,470 2,610 2,855 25,490 12,225 13,265
Belarusan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Bosnian 360 180 185 540 270 270
Bulgarian 10 5 5 925 425 495
Croatian 1,375 640 730 1,795 840 955
Czech 110 60 50 1,030 520 510
Macedonian 55 20 35 120 60 60
Polish 1,105 500 610 4,490 2,130 2,355
Russian 100 50 50 10,795 5,125 5,670
Serbian 1,985 985 995 3,470 1,760 1,715
Serbo-Croatian 110 60 45 435 205 235
Slovak 15 10 15 775 375 405
Slovene (Slovenian) 115 50 65 60 25 35
Ukrainian 105 45 65 1,010 470 540
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 25 10 15
Celtic languages 0 0 0 30 20 15
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 15 5 5
Welsh 0 0 0 20 10 5
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 0 0
Germanic languages 70 35 35 4,665 2,200 2,460
Afrikaans 5 5 5 520 250 265
Danish 0 0 0 180 90 90
Dutch 10 0 5 685 325 365
Frisian 0 0 0 5 5 0
German 55 25 30 2,895 1,345 1,550
Icelandic 0 0 0 50 25 30
Norwegian 0 0 0 75 35 35
Swedish 0 0 0 220 110 115
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 20 15 5
Yiddish 0 0 0 15 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Greek 115 55 55 1,730 840 895
Indo-Iranian languages 3,230 1,565 1,665 156,835 76,640 80,195
Indo-Aryan languages 3,005 1,455 1,545 127,630 62,480 65,150
Bengali 20 10 10 1,575 775 800
Gujarati 195 100 100 2,740 1,210 1,530
Hindi 115 55 65 11,235 5,310 5,920
Kashmiri 0 0 0 5 0 0
Konkani 5 0 5 40 15 15
Marathi 0 5 5 245 125 120
Nepali 55 30 30 550 290 265
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 30 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 1,710 835 875 104,855 51,630 53,225
Sindhi 20 10 10 590 255 335
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 20 10 10 595 290 305
Urdu 850 410 445 5,165 2,560 2,610
Iranian languages 210 100 115 29,035 14,075 14,960
Kurdish 20 10 10 1,025 515 505
Pashto 40 15 25 660 330 330
Persian (Farsi) 155 70 80 27,350 13,230 14,125
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 175 90 90
Italic (Romance) languages 3,040 1,280 1,760 30,665 14,630 16,035
Catalan 0 0 0 60 30 35
Italian 1,760 685 1,075 3,950 1,715 2,230
Portuguese 385 180 205 5,115 2,430 2,685
Romanian 180 85 95 3,215 1,545 1,675
Spanish 710 330 380 18,310 8,905 9,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 10 5 10
Japanese 5 5 5 8,235 3,375 4,855
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 15 10 10
Georgian 0 0 0 15 10 10
Korean 110 55 50 34,225 15,725 18,500
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 160 80 85
Mongolian 0 0 0 160 75 85
Niger-Congo languages 85 35 55 725 325 405
Akan (Twi) 5 5 5 125 70 55
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 0 15 5 5
Ewe 0 0 0 20 10 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ga 5 5 5 5 0 0
Ganda 0 0 0 5 5 5
Igbo 0 0 0 35 20 15
Lingala 5 5 0 35 10 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 55 15 35
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 10 0 5 45 15 30
Shona 20 0 20 40 15 20
Swahili 25 10 15 155 60 90
Wolof 0 0 0 0 0 0
Yoruba 0 0 0 40 20 20
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 10 0 5 150 65 85
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 5 105 50 55
Dinka 0 0 0 45 25 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 5 10 60 20 40
Sign languages 35 15 20 830 460 370
American Sign Language 15 5 5 295 150 150
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 20 5 10 530 305 220
Sino-Tibetan languages 275 140 130 285,515 130,990 154,525
Chinese languages 265 140 125 283,885 130,170 153,715
Cantonese 125 65 65 132,185 60,235 71,950
Hakka 0 0 0 670 280 390
Mandarin 105 55 45 138,680 64,060 74,625
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 30 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 20 15 10 4,645 2,105 2,540
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 5 0 2,500 1,145 1,350
Chinese, n.o.s. 10 5 10 5,045 2,270 2,775
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 100 50 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 0 5 1,630 820 810
Burmese 0 0 0 685 350 335
Karenic languages 10 0 5 685 335 350
Tibetan 0 0 0 165 90 75
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 90 45 40
Tai-Kadai languages 60 25 30 1,015 435 580
Lao 45 25 25 335 160 175
Thai 10 5 5 675 275 400
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 5 5 5
Turkic languages 70 40 30 1,550 810 740
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 185 95 90
Turkish 65 35 30 1,190 625 565
Uyghur 0 0 0 100 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 40 25 15
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 40 15 25
Uralic languages 110 50 60 1,980 930 1,045
Estonian 0 0 0 75 30 45
Finnish 0 0 0 435 190 240
Hungarian 110 45 60 1,470 710 760
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 5 0 110 50 60
Multiple responses 6,385 3,140 3,240 187,680 89,450 98,230
English and French 155 80 80 3,475 1,700 1,775
English and non-official language 6,125 3,025 3,105 181,305 86,450 94,850
French and non-official language 25 10 15 500 225 275
English, French and non-official language 75 25 50 2,400 1,075 1,325
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 107,420 52,440 54,980 2,440,145 1,191,675 1,248,470
None 91,745 45,005 46,735 1,919,305 944,770 974,530
English 6,115 2,970 3,140 232,050 112,195 119,850
French 695 285 415 19,620 8,930 10,690
Non-official language 8,675 4,100 4,580 260,735 121,820 138,910
Aboriginal 10 5 10 800 375 425
Non-Aboriginal 8,660 4,095 4,570 259,935 121,450 138,485
English and French 35 15 20 965 435 530
English and non-official language 75 35 40 4,895 2,285 2,605
French and non-official language 85 35 50 2,495 1,190 1,305
English, French and non-official language 5 0 5 80 40 45
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 90,560 43,760 46,805 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,720
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,910 42,065 44,840 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,232 38,072 25,968 32,612 38,879 27,793
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 86,935 42,070 44,865 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 28,811 34,394 24,519 29,422 34,038 25,878
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 75,275 37,730 37,540 1,781,275 875,745 905,525
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 29,063 35,917 22,964 32,645 39,631 26,888
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 65,590 29,215 36,375 1,370,155 582,530 787,620
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,054 5,292 7,753 2,459 1,246 3,359
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 61,220 32,505 28,715 1,487,050 752,840 734,210
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 31,773 36,859 27,536 33,621 40,050 28,268
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 90,730 43,880 46,845 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,780
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,080 42,135 44,945 1,978,880 957,440 1,021,440
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 39,461 45,959 33,369 46,821 55,848 38,360
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,105 42,140 44,960 1,981,625 959,975 1,021,650
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 33,795 38,554 29,335 38,512 44,592 32,798
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 75,260 37,690 37,575 1,780,850 875,325 905,525
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,059 44,998 31,099 47,281 57,128 37,762
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 65,555 29,215 36,340 1,370,125 581,865 788,260
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 8,724 8,229 9,122 6,169 5,955 6,327
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 61,410 32,615 28,795 1,487,050 752,855 734,200
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 38,996 43,718 33,647 46,081 55,081 36,854
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 90,725 43,880 46,850 2,064,615 998,830 1,065,785
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 29,390 16,540 12,850 637,395 361,430 275,965
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 50,010 55,648 43,773 54,955 60,834 49,056
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 56,546 62,120 49,370 67,916 76,209 57,055
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 83.4 87.7 77.8 90.9 93.5 87.3
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.7 73.7 64.5 74.0 77.5 69.1
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 16.6 12.3 22.2 9.1 6.5 12.7
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 90,560 43,755 46,810 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,715
Without total income 3,655 1,685 1,965 86,100 41,365 44,730
With total income 86,910 42,065 44,840 1,978,485 957,500 1,020,990
Percentage with total income 96.0 96.1 95.8 95.8 95.9 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 11,845 5,025 6,815 337,915 144,295 193,620
$10,000 to $19,999 15,920 5,970 9,945 345,805 143,880 201,920
$20,000 to $29,999 14,245 5,655 8,590 248,300 105,920 142,380
$30,000 to $39,999 11,275 5,400 5,870 211,515 94,955 116,565
$40,000 to $49,999 9,530 4,930 4,600 188,015 87,605 100,415
$50,000 to $59,999 6,975 3,930 3,045 149,455 74,735 74,720
$60,000 to $69,999 4,995 3,020 1,980 116,775 64,280 52,500
$70,000 to $79,999 3,460 2,240 1,215 89,555 51,260 38,295
$80,000 to $89,999 2,480 1,650 825 70,690 41,215 29,475
$90,000 to $99,999 2,035 1,210 825 50,825 30,925 19,900
$100,000 and over 4,150 3,025 1,130 169,635 118,430 51,210
$100,000 to $149,999 3,145 2,260 890 109,000 73,655 35,350
$150,000 and over 1,010 765 240 60,640 44,780 15,860
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 90,560 43,755 46,805 2,064,585 998,865 1,065,720
Without after-tax income 3,625 1,690 1,940 83,375 38,885 44,495
With after-tax income 86,935 42,070 44,865 1,981,210 959,985 1,021,225
Percentage with after-tax income 96.0 96.1 95.9 96.0 96.1 95.8
Under $10,000 (including loss) 12,110 5,100 7,015 350,380 152,065 198,315
$10,000 to $19,999 16,665 6,235 10,435 361,855 152,890 208,965
$20,000 to $29,999 16,355 6,760 9,595 293,480 127,930 165,550
$30,000 to $39,999 13,545 6,710 6,830 250,620 114,225 136,395
$40,000 to $49,999 10,385 5,715 4,665 209,335 101,565 107,765
$50,000 to $59,999 6,685 4,085 2,600 153,280 83,240 70,045
$60,000 to $69,999 4,190 2,710 1,480 109,410 62,820 46,595
$70,000 to $79,999 2,980 1,880 1,095 79,210 46,380 32,825
$80,000 and over 4,025 2,880 1,150 173,650 118,875 54,770
$80,000 to $89,999 1,640 1,095 545 50,810 32,310 18,500
$90,000 to $99,999 810 605 200 32,520 21,870 10,645
$100,000 and over 1,580 1,180 400 90,320 64,700 25,625
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 90,565 43,755 46,810 2,064,585 998,870 1,065,715
Without employment income 29,345 11,250 18,095 577,530 246,030 331,505
With employment income 61,220 32,505 28,710 1,487,050 752,835 734,210
Percentage with employment income 67.6 74.3 61.3 72.0 75.4 68.9
Under $5,000 (including loss) 9,535 5,430 4,095 209,270 93,700 115,565
$5,000 to $9,999 4,610 2,020 2,590 112,350 48,000 64,355
$10,000 to $19,999 8,060 3,525 4,540 199,780 88,465 111,315
$20,000 to $29,999 7,205 3,130 4,075 164,960 74,780 90,180
$30,000 to $39,999 6,900 3,160 3,735 153,815 70,955 82,860
$40,000 to $49,999 6,225 3,105 3,120 141,800 66,710 75,095
$50,000 to $59,999 5,070 2,925 2,145 113,915 59,035 54,880
$60,000 to $69,999 3,765 2,380 1,385 90,840 52,060 38,780
$70,000 to $79,999 2,715 1,860 860 71,740 42,295 29,440
$80,000 and over 7,135 4,970 2,165 228,585 156,840 71,740
$80,000 to $89,999 2,045 1,370 670 57,565 34,490 23,075
$90,000 to $99,999 1,830 1,085 740 40,995 26,105 14,890
$100,000 and over 3,265 2,510 760 130,030 96,250 33,775
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 43,805 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 63,631 ... ... 72,662 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 56,914 ... ... 63,365 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 12,405 ... ... 275,455 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 33,880 ... ... 38,164 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 30,931 ... ... 33,804 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 31,395 ... ... 685,440 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,553 ... ... 92,067 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 70,664 ... ... 80,158 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 43,810 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 78,438 ... ... 96,423 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 67,192 ... ... 79,421 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 12,365 ... ... 275,485 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 42,542 ... ... 49,950 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,075 ... ... 41,250 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 31,445 ... ... 685,410 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 92,551 ... ... 115,102 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 79,426 ... ... 94,764 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 43,805 ... ... 960,895 ... ...
Under $5,000 430 ... ... 28,325 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 425 ... ... 15,385 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,165 ... ... 28,770 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,700 ... ... 38,305 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,340 ... ... 36,160 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,020 ... ... 35,655 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,040 ... ... 36,315 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,360 ... ... 36,535 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,125 ... ... 36,630 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,050 ... ... 36,510 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,025 ... ... 70,005 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,375 ... ... 65,325 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,000 ... ... 60,005 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,695 ... ... 55,025 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,380 ... ... 49,190 ... ...
$100,000 and over 11,680 ... ... 332,745 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,485 ... ... 100,070 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,730 ... ... 72,355 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 2,780 ... ... 82,630 ... ...
$200,000 and over 1,680 ... ... 77,695 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 43,805 ... ... 960,890 ... ...
Under $5,000 460 ... ... 30,260 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 435 ... ... 15,590 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 1,195 ... ... 29,290 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,755 ... ... 39,595 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 2,605 ... ... 41,050 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 2,225 ... ... 42,935 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 2,445 ... ... 43,900 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 2,650 ... ... 44,060 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 2,510 ... ... 44,380 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 2,430 ... ... 43,085 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 4,495 ... ... 80,740 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,805 ... ... 73,390 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,355 ... ... 66,785 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,955 ... ... 58,300 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,295 ... ... 50,780 ... ...
$100,000 and over 8,180 ... ... 256,755 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 3,795 ... ... 97,835 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 2,095 ... ... 61,380 ... ...
$150,000 and over 2,295 ... ... 97,535 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 30,510 ... ... 653,340 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,041 ... ... 92,273 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 70,279 ... ... 80,245 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.0 ... ... 3.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,500 ... ... 222,585 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,133 ... ... 85,383 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 62,662 ... ... 73,895 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 12,970 ... ... 313,355 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 102,804 ... ... 112,167 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 89,509 ... ... 96,888 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.1 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 6,125 ... ... 93,805 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 51,051 ... ... 53,852 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 47,756 ... ... 49,006 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.6 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 30,550 ... ... 652,795 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 92,095 ... ... 115,694 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 79,002 ... ... 95,002 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,555 ... ... 222,050 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 82,148 ... ... 109,780 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 70,424 ... ... 88,896 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 12,975 ... ... 313,600 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 115,760 ... ... 135,322 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 98,105 ... ... 111,039 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 6,150 ... ... 93,545 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 58,569 ... ... 67,562 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 52,705 ... ... 57,922 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 15,305 7,215 8,095 393,510 189,750 203,760
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 32,431 37,773 28,373 32,421 33,964 31,209
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 29,579 33,613 26,539 29,236 30,331 28,391
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 15,300 7,220 8,080 392,915 188,815 204,100
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 40,698 45,254 36,630 43,593 46,216 41,167
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 34,642 37,307 32,262 36,392 38,096 34,815
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 107,175 52,335 54,840 2,426,235 1,185,395 1,240,835
In the bottom half of the distribution 58,615 27,520 31,095 1,175,575 559,445 616,130
In the bottom decile 10,725 4,935 5,795 303,915 145,415 158,500
In the second decile 12,000 5,205 6,800 228,320 105,405 122,915
In the third decile 12,120 5,650 6,480 210,945 100,050 110,895
In the fourth decile 12,050 5,875 6,180 212,600 102,000 110,595
In the fifth decile 11,710 5,865 5,845 219,800 106,575 113,225
In the top half of the distribution 48,565 24,820 23,745 1,250,655 625,955 624,705
In the sixth decile 11,150 5,615 5,535 225,360 110,195 115,170
In the seventh decile 10,855 5,515 5,335 234,070 116,115 117,950
In the eighth decile 10,250 5,250 5,000 245,245 122,625 122,620
In the ninth decile 9,855 5,080 4,775 260,490 131,100 129,390
In the top decile 6,460 3,360 3,095 285,490 145,915 139,575
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 107,175 52,340 54,835 2,417,260 1,181,115 1,236,145
0 to 17 years 19,990 10,345 9,645 441,530 227,695 213,835
0 to 5 years 6,575 3,440 3,135 139,285 71,940 67,345
18 to 64 years 66,885 32,940 33,945 1,612,685 785,035 827,650
65 years and over 20,295 9,055 11,245 363,045 168,390 194,660
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 16,575 7,345 9,225 398,715 187,770 210,950
0 to 17 years 4,830 2,475 2,360 83,635 42,965 40,675
0 to 5 years 1,765 905 865 24,690 12,560 12,130
18 to 64 years 9,325 4,130 5,190 255,225 119,285 135,940
65 years and over 2,415 740 1,675 59,860 25,525 34,335
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 15.5 14.0 16.8 16.5 15.9 17.1
0 to 17 years (%) 24.2 23.9 24.5 18.9 18.9 19.0
0 to 5 years (%) 26.8 26.3 27.6 17.7 17.5 18.0
18 to 64 years (%) 13.9 12.5 15.3 15.8 15.2 16.4
65 years and over (%) 11.9 8.2 14.9 16.5 15.2 17.6
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 12,760 5,765 6,995 337,085 160,485 176,600
0 to 17 years 3,605 1,865 1,745 67,065 34,355 32,710
0 to 5 years 1,370 700 675 19,175 9,740 9,435
18 to 64 years 7,670 3,485 4,185 232,635 110,555 122,085
65 years and over 1,485 415 1,065 37,380 15,580 21,805
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 11.9 11.0 12.8 13.9 13.6 14.3
0 to 17 years (%) 18.0 18.0 18.1 15.2 15.1 15.3
0 to 5 years (%) 20.8 20.3 21.5 13.8 13.5 14.0
18 to 64 years (%) 11.5 10.6 12.3 14.4 14.1 14.8
65 years and over (%) 7.3 4.6 9.5 10.3 9.3 11.2
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 107,275 52,385 54,890 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Official languages 104,695 51,310 53,385 2,290,560 1,129,240 1,161,325
English 104,615 51,280 53,340 2,289,520 1,128,740 1,160,780
French 4,865 2,130 2,735 172,260 76,600 95,660
Non-official languages 36,435 17,340 19,100 1,220,345 574,040 646,300
Aboriginal languages 85 45 40 1,605 670 935
Algonquian languages 45 30 15 485 200 290
Blackfoot 0 0 0 15 0 15
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 310 145 165
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 85 45 40
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 20 10 20
Woods Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 180 90 90
Eastern Algonquian languages 10 0 0 20 10 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 15 0 10
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 40 25 15 140 40 100
Algonquin 0 0 0 15 10 10
Ojibway 40 25 15 120 35 85
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 85 30 60
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Beaver 0 0 0 0 0 0
Carrier 0 0 0 50 10 40
Chilcotin 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dene 0 0 0 10 0 0
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 10 10 0
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 0 10 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Haida 0 0 0 60 35 30
Inuit languages 10 0 0 60 30 35
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 10 0
Inuktitut 0 0 10 40 15 25
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Iroquoian languages 35 15 20 0 10 10
Cayuga 25 10 10 0 0 0
Mohawk 35 15 20 10 10 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 0 0 0
Michif 0 0 0 30 15 15
Salish languages 0 0 0 535 215 330
Comox 0 0 0 20 0 15
Halkomelem 0 0 0 150 60 90
Lillooet 0 0 0 20 15 10
Okanagan 0 0 0 35 15 20
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 10 0 0
Squamish 0 0 0 225 100 125
Straits 0 0 0 0 0 0
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 25 10 15
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 20 45
Siouan languages 0 0 0 30 15 20
Dakota 0 0 0 15 10 10
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 180 80 100
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 55 15 40
Nisga'a 0 0 0 65 35 35
Tsimshian 0 0 0 65 30 30
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 100 45 55
Haisla 0 0 0 25 0 25
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 10 0 10
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 45 35 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 15 0 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 35 20 15
Non-Aboriginal languages 36,355 17,300 19,060 1,218,825 573,410 645,415
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,765 910 855 29,225 15,270 13,955
Berber languages 10 10 0 125 80 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 55 30 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 70 50 15
Cushitic languages 75 30 40 1,880 870 1,005
Bilen 0 0 0 15 0 15
Oromo 45 15 30 190 110 80
Somali 30 20 15 1,675 755 915
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 1,715 885 830 27,480 14,465 13,015
Amharic 30 10 20 1,755 905 855
Arabic 1,400 725 675 19,990 10,680 9,315
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 300 170 130 715 340 375
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 80 35 45 545 270 275
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 10 10 10 4,585 2,360 2,225
Maltese 35 15 25 165 90 80
Tigrigna 15 10 10 935 510 430
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 290 150 135
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 10 95 45 45
Austro-Asiatic languages 1,185 560 625 30,390 14,495 15,890
Khmer (Cambodian) 650 300 350 1,440 620 820
Vietnamese 550 270 285 29,015 13,890 15,125
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Austronesian languages 675 240 435 106,580 44,620 61,955
Bikol 0 0 0 495 205 285
Cebuano 30 15 15 4,185 1,625 2,555
Fijian 0 0 0 980 580 405
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 1,365 600 770
Ilocano 60 15 45 5,665 2,210 3,460
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 0 0
Malay 35 10 25 6,435 3,050 3,390
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 775 350 430
Pangasinan 0 0 0 445 180 265
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 620 225 395 96,290 39,665 56,625
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 280 120 150
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 1,175 580 595
Creole languages 165 90 70 1,820 975 845
Haitian Creole 30 10 20 60 25 35
Creole, n.o.s. 70 40 30 1,020 540 480
Creole languages, n.i.e. 70 50 25 755 415 335
Dravidian languages 250 105 145 8,875 4,710 4,165
Kannada 0 0 0 445 210 235
Malayalam 105 40 70 2,580 1,395 1,190
Tamil 120 50 75 4,860 2,530 2,325
Telugu 20 15 10 1,425 835 595
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 25 40
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 150 75 70
Indo-European languages 30,490 14,575 15,910 536,805 262,060 274,755
Albanian 620 305 315 1,135 580 555
Armenian 80 30 55 1,455 725 735
Balto-Slavic languages 12,485 5,960 6,525 66,125 31,535 34,590
Baltic languages 65 40 25 635 310 325
Latvian 30 20 10 310 175 140
Lithuanian 35 20 15 325 135 185
Slavic languages 12,415 5,915 6,500 65,675 31,315 34,350
Belarusan 0 0 0 205 95 110
Bosnian 895 465 435 1,780 890 890
Bulgarian 25 10 10 1,975 875 1,100
Croatian 3,835 1,810 2,025 7,995 3,920 4,075
Czech 265 115 145 4,580 2,140 2,435
Macedonian 185 60 125 345 180 160
Polish 2,725 1,255 1,470 13,820 6,540 7,275
Russian 395 195 205 24,000 11,325 12,675
Serbian 3,820 1,970 1,855 8,010 4,105 3,905
Serbo-Croatian 190 100 85 1,240 595 645
Slovak 95 35 60 3,060 1,425 1,635
Slovene (Slovenian) 350 150 200 725 330 400
Ukrainian 700 285 415 5,960 2,605 3,355
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 100 55 40 250 120 125
Celtic languages 25 15 10 1,175 650 520
Scottish Gaelic 10 10 0 350 225 120
Welsh 0 0 0 145 65 85
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 15 0 0 685 370 320
Germanic languages 1,420 605 815 57,255 27,520 29,730
Afrikaans 25 15 15 4,230 2,160 2,065
Danish 30 10 15 2,455 1,150 1,310
Dutch 400 165 230 9,200 4,340 4,855
Frisian 0 0 0 120 55 65
German 975 425 555 38,665 18,840 19,820
Icelandic 0 0 0 215 110 100
Norwegian 10 0 10 1,405 730 680
Swedish 25 10 15 2,765 1,205 1,560
Vlaams (Flemish) 10 10 0 220 125 100
Yiddish 0 0 0 385 175 210
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 75 40 30
Greek 455 235 225 7,230 3,675 3,555
Indo-Iranian languages 6,030 2,995 3,035 297,060 147,625 149,435
Indo-Aryan languages 5,700 2,850 2,850 248,620 123,215 125,405
Bengali 65 25 40 3,145 1,610 1,530
Gujarati 480 230 245 10,685 5,030 5,655
Hindi 1,315 685 640 70,505 34,305 36,195
Kashmiri 0 0 0 45 25 20
Konkani 20 10 15 375 185 190
Marathi 35 20 15 1,275 650 625
Nepali 50 20 30 1,180 595 590
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 3,250 1,680 1,575 187,530 93,595 93,935
Sindhi 90 50 40 3,140 1,340 1,800
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 30 15 20 2,140 1,110 1,030
Urdu 2,035 1,020 1,015 14,610 7,635 6,975
Iranian languages 380 170 215 49,445 24,950 24,495
Kurdish 85 45 40 2,070 1,095 980
Pashto 70 40 30 1,540 855 685
Persian (Farsi) 245 95 145 47,155 23,770 23,385
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 55 35 20 750 380 375
Italic (Romance) languages 9,930 4,690 5,240 118,715 56,405 62,310
Catalan 0 0 0 245 125 120
Italian 6,345 2,950 3,395 25,610 12,450 13,155
Portuguese 1,395 710 685 15,670 7,450 8,225
Romanian 505 225 275 8,265 4,075 4,190
Spanish 1,920 915 1,005 75,105 35,255 39,855
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 15 10 0 220 130 85
Japanese 65 40 30 28,630 12,410 16,220
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 90 50 40
Georgian 0 0 0 90 50 45
Korean 180 75 105 50,640 23,170 27,470
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 320 155 170
Mongolian 0 0 0 325 155 165
Niger-Congo languages 415 190 230 5,810 3,020 2,790
Akan (Twi) 45 15 35 495 280 215
Bamanankan 0 0 0 20 10 10
Edo 0 0 10 115 65 55
Ewe 10 0 0 115 75 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 45 10 35
Ga 10 0 0 95 60 35
Ganda 10 10 0 105 60 45
Igbo 0 0 0 240 140 95
Lingala 85 30 55 235 105 130
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 105 35 65
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 65 35 30 210 95 115
Shona 70 30 40 265 125 140
Swahili 90 35 55 2,655 1,440 1,220
Wolof 0 0 0 30 15 15
Yoruba 10 10 0 505 260 250
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 90 50 40 1,325 605 725
Nilo-Saharan languages 30 20 10 300 150 150
Dinka 0 0 0 50 35 15
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 250 120 135
Sign languages 150 60 90 3,540 1,405 2,135
American Sign Language 80 30 55 2,035 690 1,345
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 10 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 65 30 40 1,565 735 830
Sino-Tibetan languages 535 255 275 431,545 199,110 232,430
Chinese languages 535 255 275 429,070 197,865 231,205
Cantonese 305 155 150 223,705 103,510 120,190
Hakka 10 0 0 2,555 1,215 1,340
Mandarin 255 110 150 250,170 112,935 137,235
Min Dong 0 0 0 125 55 70
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 35 15 25 15,660 6,945 8,720
Wu (Shanghainese) 0 0 0 5,385 2,345 3,035
Chinese, n.o.s. 0 10 0 8,745 3,985 4,760
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 195 80 115
Tibeto-Burman languages 0 0 0 2,755 1,375 1,380
Burmese 0 0 0 1,385 685 705
Karenic languages 0 0 0 905 455 450
Tibetan 0 0 0 305 165 140
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 295 140 155
Tai-Kadai languages 190 85 110 3,810 1,540 2,270
Lao 140 60 80 1,125 505 620
Thai 75 35 40 2,875 1,100 1,770
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 185 105 75 5,950 3,225 2,725
Azerbaijani 0 0 0 835 455 385
Turkish 165 95 75 4,875 2,630 2,240
Uyghur 0 0 0 105 50 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 20 10 0 225 125 105
Uralic languages 425 175 250 9,045 4,205 4,845
Estonian 10 0 10 495 205 295
Finnish 0 0 0 2,085 825 1,265
Hungarian 420 180 245 6,480 3,175 3,310
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 55 40 20 695 380 315
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 107,280 52,385 54,895 2,426,230 1,185,400 1,240,835
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 101,640 49,815 51,825 2,103,115 1,032,695 1,070,420
Canadian citizens aged under 18 19,145 9,950 9,195 403,685 208,715 194,970
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 82,495 39,865 42,630 1,699,435 823,985 875,445
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 5,635 2,575 3,070 323,115 152,705 170,415
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 107,280 52,380 54,895 2,426,235 1,185,400 1,240,830
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 76,595 37,975 38,615 1,358,990 686,180 672,805
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 29,920 14,030 15,890 989,545 461,660 527,880
Before 1981 12,770 5,925 6,845 209,975 100,680 109,295
1981 to 1990 3,590 1,705 1,880 120,730 56,305 64,425
1991 to 2000 6,050 2,990 3,065 247,835 114,340 133,490
2001 to 2010 4,925 2,200 2,725 268,470 123,245 145,230
2001 to 2005 2,530 1,145 1,385 124,890 57,190 67,695
2006 to 2010 2,395 1,050 1,345 143,585 66,050 77,535
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,585 1,210 1,380 142,535 67,095 75,435
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 765 380 385 77,700 37,560 40,140
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 29,920 14,030 15,890 989,540 461,660 527,885
Under 5 years 3,005 1,505 1,505 78,020 39,580 38,445
5 to 14 years 5,610 2,820 2,795 158,290 81,570 76,720
15 to 24 years 8,185 3,575 4,610 204,760 93,100 111,655
25 to 44 years 11,115 5,240 5,870 424,180 189,745 234,440
45 years and over 1,995 885 1,110 124,300 57,665 66,630
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 29,920 14,030 15,890 989,545 461,660 527,885
Americas 2,850 1,245 1,610 65,330 30,720 34,605
Brazil 60 30 35 2,860 1,175 1,680
Colombia 160 65 90 3,080 1,400 1,675
El Salvador 250 125 125 4,405 2,230 2,170
Guyana 280 130 155 920 415 500
Haiti 80 45 35 265 110 160
Jamaica 455 245 205 2,230 1,160 1,065
Mexico 100 50 55 7,850 3,420 4,430
Peru 20 10 10 2,700 1,155 1,540
Trinidad and Tobago 205 80 125 1,940 900 1,040
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 620 195 430 26,445 12,755 13,695
Other places of birth in Americas 630 275 350 12,640 6,000 6,645
Europe 18,200 8,545 9,650 170,930 83,890 87,040
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1,785 930 855 3,930 1,900 2,025
Croatia 3,030 1,415 1,615 4,110 2,075 2,030
France 45 20 20 3,440 1,800 1,640
Germany 615 285 335 13,520 6,475 7,040
Greece 275 160 115 2,885 1,520 1,365
Hungary 235 100 135 3,705 1,895 1,810
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 125 60 70 3,835 2,100 1,735
Italy 3,630 1,690 1,940 10,395 5,350 5,045
Netherlands 345 150 190 6,295 3,130 3,170
Poland 1,880 860 1,020 10,480 4,885 5,595
Portugal 790 385 410 4,660 2,315 2,345
Romania 435 190 245 7,110 3,450 3,665
Russian Federation 80 25 50 8,460 3,655 4,805
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 910 435 475 3,780 1,890 1,890
Ukraine 275 115 165 5,475 2,590 2,885
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 2,265 1,020 1,245 56,530 28,245 28,280
Other places of birth in Europe 1,465 705 765 22,325 10,615 11,710
Africa 1,045 515 525 32,100 16,260 15,840
Algeria 25 20 10 430 270 150
Egypt 105 45 60 2,110 1,135 975
Ethiopia 75 20 55 1,665 835 825
Kenya 45 30 20 4,065 1,875 2,185
Morocco 10 10 10 730 385 340
Nigeria 25 15 0 1,205 630 575
Somalia 30 10 20 1,010 485 530
South Africa, Republic of 55 30 20 8,205 4,270 3,935
Other places of birth in Africa 680 340 335 12,685 6,370 6,325
Asia 7,755 3,695 4,065 697,305 319,470 377,835
Afghanistan 85 45 40 4,865 2,445 2,415
Bangladesh 55 30 30 1,865 945 925
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 245 105 140 188,965 84,385 104,580
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 55 35 25 71,715 32,945 38,770
India 2,525 1,275 1,255 125,640 61,250 64,395
IranCensus data footnote 61 85 40 45 35,250 17,905 17,345
Iraq 585 295 295 5,215 2,660 2,555
Japan 25 0 20 10,675 3,140 7,535
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 140 70 75 36,860 16,745 20,115
Lebanon 110 50 60 1,860 1,040 820
Pakistan 1,360 635 720 9,220 4,725 4,500
Philippines 655 245 410 96,680 40,640 56,045
Sri Lanka 75 35 40 4,155 2,160 1,995
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 135 75 65 2,315 1,170 1,140
Taiwan 20 10 10 37,430 16,850 20,570
Viet Nam 450 205 245 24,025 11,235 12,795
Other places of birth in Asia 1,145 550 600 40,565 19,235 21,325
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 70 30 40 23,885 11,325 12,560
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,590 1,215 1,375 142,535 67,095 75,440
Americas 365 185 175 10,090 5,115 4,980
Brazil 0 0 0 960 445 520
Colombia 40 25 10 465 220 240
Cuba 0 10 0 70 35 30
Haiti 30 25 10 15 0 10
Jamaica 90 55 40 160 115 45
Mexico 15 10 10 2,295 1,160 1,135
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 70 25 40 4,065 2,155 1,905
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 220 100 115
Other places of birth in Americas 110 50 65 1,855 875 975
Europe 515 260 250 13,610 7,015 6,595
France 0 0 0 790 415 370
Germany 10 0 10 775 450 320
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 10 10 1,210 760 450
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 10 0 10 200 110 90