Census Profile, 2016 Census
Hamilton West--Ancaster--Dundas [Federal electoral district], Ontario and British Columbia [Province]

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The table shows total, male and female data grouped by geography (appearing as column headers) for selected characteristics (appearing as row headers).
Characteristic Hamilton West--Ancaster--Dundas
Ontario
[Federal electoral district]
British Columbia

[Province]
Data quality , Hamilton West--Ancaster--Dundas [Federal electoral district], Ontario  Map : Hamilton West--Ancaster--Dundas [Federal electoral district], Ontario
Change geography 1
Data quality : British Columbia [Province]  Map : geography 2
Change geography 2
Total Male Female Total Male Female
Counts (unless otherwise specified)
Population and dwellings
Population, 2016Census data footnote 1 113,024 ... ... 4,648,055 ... ...
Population, 2011Census data footnote 1 109,535 ... ... 4,400,057 ... ...
Population percentage change, 2011 to 2016 3.2 ... ... 5.6 ... ...
Total private dwellingsCensus data footnote 2 44,962 ... ... 2,063,417 ... ...
Private dwellings occupied by usual residentsCensus data footnote 3 42,188 ... ... 1,881,969 ... ...
Population density per square kilometre 1,126.1 ... ... 5.0 ... ...
Land area in square kilometres 100.37 ... ... 922,503.01 ... ...
Age characteristics
Total - Age groups and average age of the population - 100% dataCensus data footnote 4 113,025 54,470 58,555 4,648,055 2,278,245 2,369,815
0 to 14 years 17,955 9,320 8,640 691,390 355,400 335,985
0 to 4 years 5,225 2,725 2,495 220,625 113,355 107,275
5 to 9 years 6,025 3,100 2,925 236,900 122,070 114,830
10 to 14 years 6,710 3,490 3,220 233,860 119,975 113,885
15 to 64 years 72,345 35,305 37,040 3,107,680 1,527,280 1,580,400
15 to 19 years 7,485 3,880 3,605 258,980 133,000 125,985
20 to 24 years 8,625 4,485 4,140 287,560 147,615 139,945
25 to 29 years 6,415 3,325 3,090 303,000 151,585 151,415
30 to 34 years 5,665 2,795 2,875 313,750 155,035 158,715
35 to 39 years 5,885 2,790 3,100 293,590 143,070 150,520
40 to 44 years 6,580 3,015 3,565 295,045 141,930 153,115
45 to 49 years 7,505 3,565 3,940 322,365 155,325 167,040
50 to 54 years 8,450 4,045 4,410 354,375 172,065 182,310
55 to 59 years 8,345 3,960 4,385 354,925 171,210 183,715
60 to 64 years 7,385 3,445 3,935 324,095 156,450 167,645
65 years and over 22,720 9,845 12,870 848,985 395,560 453,425
65 to 69 years 6,645 3,065 3,580 287,520 139,490 148,035
70 to 74 years 4,875 2,330 2,545 201,785 97,675 104,110
75 to 79 years 3,820 1,750 2,070 145,225 68,715 76,510
80 to 84 years 3,055 1,250 1,805 105,255 48,645 56,610
85 years and over 4,325 1,450 2,870 109,190 41,035 68,155
85 to 89 years 2,500 905 1,590 67,510 27,930 39,575
90 to 94 years 1,390 455 940 31,815 10,615 21,205
95 to 99 years 380 90 290 8,545 2,215 6,330
100 years and over 55 5 45 1,325 275 1,050
Total - Distribution (%) of the population by broad age groups - 100% data 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
0 to 14 years 15.9 17.1 14.8 14.9 15.6 14.2
15 to 64 years 64.0 64.8 63.3 66.9 67.0 66.7
65 years and over 20.1 18.1 22.0 18.3 17.4 19.1
85 years and over 3.8 2.7 4.9 2.3 1.8 2.9
Average age of the population 42.5 40.9 44.1 42.3 41.5 43.1
Median age of the population 43.5 41.1 45.3 43.0 41.9 44.0
Household and dwelling characteristics
Total - Occupied private dwellings by structural type of dwelling - 100% dataCensus data footnote 5 42,190 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Single-detached house 26,275 ... ... 830,660 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has five or more storeys 5,105 ... ... 177,830 ... ...
Other attached dwellingCensus data footnote 6 10,705 ... ... 824,190 ... ...
Semi-detached house 1,180 ... ... 57,395 ... ...
Row house 5,860 ... ... 147,830 ... ...
Apartment or flat in a duplex 1,035 ... ... 230,075 ... ...
Apartment in a building that has fewer than five storeys 2,570 ... ... 385,140 ... ...
Other single-attached house 60 ... ... 3,755 ... ...
Movable dwellingCensus data footnote 7 105 ... ... 49,290 ... ...
Total - Private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 8 42,185 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
1 person 10,040 ... ... 541,910 ... ...
2 persons 14,020 ... ... 663,770 ... ...
3 persons 6,855 ... ... 277,690 ... ...
4 persons 7,130 ... ... 243,125 ... ...
5 or more persons 4,145 ... ... 155,470 ... ...
Number of persons in private households 110,010 ... ... 4,560,240 ... ...
Average household size 2.6 ... ... 2.4 ... ...
Marital status
Total - Marital status for the population aged 15 years and over - 100% dataCensus data footnote 9 95,070 45,150 49,915 3,956,665 1,922,840 2,033,825
Married or living common law 54,515 27,160 27,350 2,297,325 1,146,175 1,151,150
Married 48,855 24,335 24,520 1,925,345 959,690 965,645
Living common law 5,660 2,825 2,835 371,985 186,485 185,505
Not married and not living common law 40,555 17,990 22,565 1,659,335 776,660 882,675
Never married 26,495 14,060 12,430 1,076,085 582,975 493,110
Separated 2,535 965 1,570 105,700 45,225 60,475
Divorced 5,145 1,765 3,380 263,870 103,475 160,395
Widowed 6,380 1,195 5,185 213,685 44,990 168,700
Family characteristics
Total - Census families in private households by family size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 10 31,525 ... ... 1,311,340 ... ...
2 persons 14,680 ... ... 703,685 ... ...
3 persons 6,805 ... ... 275,965 ... ...
4 persons 6,985 ... ... 243,960 ... ...
5 or more persons 3,065 ... ... 87,730 ... ...
Average size of census families 3.0 ... ... 2.8 ... ...
Total number of census families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 11 31,525 ... ... 1,311,345 ... ...
Total couple families 26,445 ... ... 1,113,405 ... ...
Married couples 23,620 ... ... 927,440 ... ...
Common-law couples 2,825 ... ... 185,960 ... ...
Total lone-parent families by sex of parent 5,085 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
Female parent 4,080 ... ... 155,670 ... ...
Male parent 1,005 ... ... 42,265 ... ...
Total - Couple census families in private households - 100% data 26,445 ... ... 1,113,400 ... ...
Couples without children 11,740 ... ... 577,790 ... ...
Couples with children 14,700 ... ... 535,610 ... ...
1 child 5,250 ... ... 221,065 ... ...
2 children 6,520 ... ... 230,705 ... ...
3 or more children 2,940 ... ... 83,840 ... ...
Total - Lone-parent census families in private households - 100% data 5,085 ... ... 197,940 ... ...
1 child 2,940 ... ... 125,890 ... ...
2 children 1,560 ... ... 54,900 ... ...
3 or more children 595 ... ... 17,145 ... ...
Total - Persons not in census families in private households - 100% data 15,970 6,760 9,210 882,895 418,495 464,405
Household type
Total - Private households by household type - 100% dataCensus data footnote 12 42,185 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
One-census-family households 29,825 ... ... 1,195,735 ... ...
Without children in a census familyCensus data footnote 13 11,045 ... ... 527,700 ... ...
With children in a census familyCensus data footnote 14 18,780 ... ... 668,035 ... ...
Multiple-census-family households 835 ... ... 55,620 ... ...
Non-census-family households 11,525 ... ... 630,620 ... ...
One-person households 10,040 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Two-or-more person non-census-family households 1,485 ... ... 88,705 ... ...
Knowledge of official languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of official languages for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 15 111,085 53,760 57,325 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
English only 101,780 49,820 51,965 4,127,770 2,050,130 2,077,645
French only 50 20 30 1,810 820 985
English and French 7,755 3,320 4,435 314,925 140,650 174,275
Neither English nor French 1,495 600 895 153,910 63,795 90,115
First official language spokenThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - First official language spoken for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 16 111,085 53,760 57,325 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,020
English 107,870 52,370 55,500 4,373,330 2,156,680 2,216,655
French 1,205 545 665 55,325 27,680 27,640
English and French 550 265 285 18,000 8,315 9,685
Neither English nor French 1,460 580 880 151,760 62,720 89,040
Official language minority (number)Census data footnote 17 1,485 675 805 64,325 31,840 32,480
Official language minority (percentage)Census data footnote 17 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Mother tongueThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Mother tongue for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 18 111,085 53,760 57,325 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
Single responses 108,765 52,650 56,115 4,494,995 2,205,775 2,289,220
Official languages 82,420 40,180 42,245 3,227,535 1,614,375 1,613,160
English 81,220 39,645 41,570 3,170,110 1,585,760 1,584,355
French 1,200 535 675 57,425 28,615 28,810
Non-official languages 26,345 12,470 13,870 1,267,460 591,400 676,060
Aboriginal languages 10 5 5 8,435 3,940 4,490
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 1,050 445 605
Blackfoot 0 0 0 40 5 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 840 375 465
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 5 5 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 150 60 85
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 25 15 10
Woods Cree 0 0 0 60 25 35
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 585 270 320
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malecite 0 0 0 5 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 10 5 5
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 5 5 155 55 105
Algonquin 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ojibway 5 5 5 135 50 90
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 5
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,310 1,045 1,260
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 2,295 1,045 1,250
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 110 55 55
Beaver 0 0 0 160 75 85
Carrier 0 0 0 1,005 460 550
Chilcotin 0 0 0 650 295 355
Dene 0 0 0 90 35 50
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 15 5 10
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 5
Sekani 0 0 0 85 40 45
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 75 30 45
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 5 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 20 5 15
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 50 25 30
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 105 45 50
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 15 10 5
Tahltan 0 0 0 90 40 50
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 5 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Haida 0 0 0 70 30 40
Inuit languages 0 0 0 80 30 55
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 10 0 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 50 20 30
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 10 5 5
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 100 55 50
Michif 0 0 0 35 20 10
Salish languages 0 0 0 2,270 1,115 1,155
Comox 0 0 0 80 45 40
Halkomelem 0 0 0 475 230 245
Lillooet 0 0 0 315 155 160
Okanagan 0 0 0 270 135 135
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 435 220 215
Squamish 0 0 0 35 20 20
Straits 0 0 0 80 40 40
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 330 150 185
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 250 130 120
Siouan languages 0 0 0 45 25 20
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 20
Stoney 0 0 0 0 0 5
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 30 15 15
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 1,460 715 740
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 875 435 445
Nisga'a 0 0 0 385 195 190
Tsimshian 0 0 0 195 90 110
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 795 365 435
Haisla 0 0 0 90 40 55
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 100 45 55
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 320 140 180
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 275 135 140
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 10 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 190 80 110
Non-Aboriginal languages 26,330 12,470 13,865 1,259,025 587,455 671,570
Afro-Asiatic languages 2,950 1,470 1,480 24,870 13,405 11,465
Berber languages 10 10 0 115 75 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 40 30 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 80 45 30
Cushitic languages 75 30 45 1,505 765 740
Bilen 0 0 0 5 0 0
Oromo 5 5 0 205 115 95
Somali 70 25 45 1,270 640 640
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 15
Semitic languages 2,865 1,430 1,435 23,195 12,540 10,655
Amharic 30 10 15 1,370 670 700
Arabic 2,480 1,240 1,240 17,480 9,595 7,890
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 160 80 80 650 315 330
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 20 10 10 440 245 200
Harari 5 0 5 20 5 15
Hebrew 115 60 50 2,065 1,125 940
Maltese 30 15 20 215 100 115
Tigrigna 20 5 10 805 395 405
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 5 150 80 65
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austro-Asiatic languages 370 180 190 28,740 13,170 15,575
Khmer (Cambodian) 15 5 10 1,560 710 850
Vietnamese 355 175 185 27,150 12,440 14,710
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 30 15 15
Austronesian languages 735 270 465 96,535 38,765 57,770
Bikol 5 5 0 375 165 215
Cebuano 35 15 25 4,065 1,565 2,505
Fijian 0 0 0 470 240 230
Hiligaynon 10 0 5 1,470 550 920
Ilocano 30 15 20 5,240 2,055 3,190
Malagasy 0 0 0 20 10 15
Malay 30 10 20 3,895 1,675 2,220
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 5 0 5 700 320 380
Pangasinan 5 0 0 295 130 170
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 595 215 380 78,770 31,550 47,220
Waray-Waray 5 0 5 215 85 135
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 1,015 435 580
Creole languages 35 20 15 840 440 400
Haitian Creole 5 5 5 35 20 15
Creole, n.o.s. 20 15 10 500 255 245
Creole languages, n.i.e. 10 10 5 305 155 145
Dravidian languages 480 235 245 7,500 3,995 3,510
Kannada 30 15 10 280 150 135
Malayalam 245 115 130 2,385 1,260 1,130
Tamil 160 75 85 3,615 1,875 1,740
Telugu 50 25 20 1,175 695 480
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 45 20 25
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 140 75 70
Indo-European languages 16,210 7,655 8,555 588,175 286,135 302,035
Albanian 215 110 105 1,465 765 705
Armenian 90 45 45 1,195 600 600
Balto-Slavic languages 3,670 1,655 2,015 83,110 38,595 44,515
Baltic languages 245 100 145 1,070 485 585
Latvian 105 35 70 565 255 300
Lithuanian 140 70 70 505 225 280
Slavic languages 3,430 1,555 1,870 82,040 38,110 43,930
Belarusan 0 0 0 95 45 50
Bosnian 60 30 30 1,360 675 685
Bulgarian 35 10 25 2,025 955 1,070
Croatian 320 165 160 7,475 3,655 3,820
Czech 145 65 80 5,920 2,850 3,070
Macedonian 80 40 40 325 160 165
Polish 1,165 505 665 16,910 7,875 9,035
Russian 600 265 335 25,955 11,640 14,310
Serbian 395 200 195 7,045 3,600 3,450
Serbo-Croatian 45 25 20 1,395 670 725
Slovak 145 60 85 3,400 1,525 1,870
Slovene (Slovenian) 60 30 25 1,160 545 615
Ukrainian 360 150 215 8,630 3,730 4,900
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 10 5 5 345 175 170
Celtic languages 10 0 5 615 325 290
Scottish Gaelic 5 0 5 240 130 110
Welsh 5 0 0 280 145 135
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Germanic languages 2,025 900 1,125 101,725 48,350 53,380
Afrikaans 60 25 35 3,260 1,655 1,610
Danish 55 20 35 4,665 2,280 2,385
Dutch 650 295 355 21,020 10,130 10,895
Frisian 20 10 15 295 145 145
German 1,180 515 665 66,885 31,525 35,360
Icelandic 0 0 5 275 135 145
Norwegian 0 0 0 2,005 970 1,035
Swedish 10 5 5 2,520 1,100 1,420
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 5 10 445 220 225
Yiddish 25 20 10 290 150 140
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 65 45 25
Greek 355 185 170 6,115 3,245 2,870
Indo-Iranian languages 3,640 1,825 1,810 297,800 147,830 149,970
Indo-Aryan languages 2,485 1,250 1,230 251,000 124,260 126,740
Bengali 435 220 220 3,180 1,665 1,510
Gujarati 330 155 175 6,895 3,290 3,605
Hindi 300 155 145 26,720 12,910 13,810
Kashmiri 0 0 0 65 35 25
Konkani 15 5 10 255 130 125
Marathi 25 15 10 620 325 295
Nepali 35 20 15 1,155 620 540
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 70 35 35
Punjabi (Panjabi) 485 250 230 198,805 98,525 100,285
Sindhi 35 20 15 1,675 780 895
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 90 45 50 1,675 845 830
Urdu 725 355 365 9,885 5,090 4,795
Iranian languages 1,140 565 575 46,390 23,355 23,035
Kurdish 125 65 60 1,765 945 825
Pashto 40 20 15 1,155 615 535
Persian (Farsi) 975 475 500 43,470 21,795 21,675
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 410 220 195
Italic (Romance) languages 6,210 2,935 3,270 96,135 46,430 49,710
Catalan 5 5 5 160 85 75
Italian 3,195 1,535 1,660 22,680 11,445 11,230
Portuguese 1,040 475 565 17,450 8,240 9,210
Romanian 530 255 280 8,730 4,250 4,480
Spanish 1,430 665 770 47,010 22,335 24,675
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 105 65 40
Japanese 85 30 55 21,350 7,195 14,150
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 85 50 35
Georgian 0 0 0 85 50 40
Korean 655 310 345 52,160 23,495 28,670
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 360 150 205
Mongolian 0 0 0 360 155 210
Niger-Congo languages 245 120 125 3,725 1,875 1,850
Akan (Twi) 40 15 20 495 275 220
Bamanankan 0 0 0 10 5 5
Edo 5 0 0 85 50 35
Ewe 5 0 5 85 45 35
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 5 0 0 45 25 20
Ga 5 0 0 45 20 25
Ganda 10 5 5 90 45 45
Igbo 20 15 10 245 145 105
Lingala 0 0 0 80 30 45
Rundi (Kirundi) 20 10 10 115 50 60
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 5 5 0 155 70 80
Shona 20 10 15 215 100 115
Swahili 40 15 20 805 400 405
Wolof 0 0 0 50 25 25
Yoruba 20 15 5 330 185 150
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 50 30 20 885 410 480
Nilo-Saharan languages 10 5 10 340 175 165
Dinka 5 5 0 105 60 45
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 240 115 125
Sign languages 25 10 10 1,155 610 545
American Sign Language 10 5 5 470 230 240
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 5 0 5
Sign languages, n.i.e 15 10 5 690 380 305
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,565 1,735 1,825 410,920 187,725 223,190
Chinese languages 3,540 1,720 1,820 408,415 186,455 221,960
Cantonese 860 410 455 193,530 89,325 104,210
Hakka 25 10 15 2,325 1,010 1,315
Mandarin 2,455 1,205 1,250 186,325 84,370 101,955
Min Dong 0 0 0 230 105 120
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 65 30 35 11,210 4,995 6,215
Wu (Shanghainese) 45 20 25 4,540 1,995 2,545
Chinese, n.o.s. 90 50 45 10,050 4,570 5,480
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 205 85 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 15 10 2,500 1,265 1,230
Burmese 10 5 5 1,125 580 545
Karenic languages 10 5 5 815 395 425
Tibetan 0 0 0 330 175 160
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 230 120 110
Tai-Kadai languages 55 25 25 3,985 1,335 2,650
Lao 30 15 10 1,100 550 550
Thai 25 15 10 2,865 775 2,090
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 20 10 15
Turkic languages 190 100 90 4,140 2,295 1,845
Azerbaijani 15 5 10 530 290 235
Turkish 160 90 75 3,145 1,790 1,360
Uyghur 5 5 0 170 85 85
Uzbek 0 0 0 105 50 55
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 190 80 110
Uralic languages 730 310 420 13,490 6,285 7,205
Estonian 50 20 35 705 295 410
Finnish 25 10 20 3,760 1,555 2,200
Hungarian 650 280 370 9,025 4,435 4,590
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 5 0 5 500 280 225
Multiple responses 2,320 1,105 1,215 103,415 49,625 53,795
English and French 230 95 135 10,065 4,815 5,250
English and non-official language 1,970 955 1,010 89,135 42,820 46,315
French and non-official language 65 30 40 2,100 1,040 1,065
English, French and non-official language 55 20 30 2,115 950 1,165
Language spoken most often at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Language spoken most often at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 19 111,085 53,760 57,325 4,598,415 2,255,395 2,343,015
Single responses 105,980 51,295 54,690 4,365,875 2,145,020 2,220,855
Official languages 94,175 45,670 48,505 3,648,500 1,807,825 1,840,675
English 93,770 45,480 48,285 3,631,700 1,799,625 1,832,075
French 410 190 215 16,795 8,195 8,605
Non-official languages 11,805 5,620 6,185 717,375 337,200 380,180
Aboriginal languages 5 0 5 1,565 765 795
Algonquian languages 5 0 5 105 50 55
Blackfoot 0 0 0 0 5 0
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 85 40 45
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Plains Cree 0 0 0 15 10 10
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Woods Cree 0 0 0 0 0 5
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 60 30 30
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 5 0 0
Malecite 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 5 0 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 5 0 5 10 5 5
Algonquin 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ojibway 5 5 0 15 5 5
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 610 290 320
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 605 290 315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Beaver 0 0 0 40 20 20
Carrier 0 0 0 245 110 130
Chilcotin 0 0 0 260 125 130
Dene 0 0 0 15 5 10
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 15 10 5
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 0 0 0
South Slavey 0 0 0 0 0 0
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 10 5 5
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 5 0 5
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tahltan 0 0 0 5 0 0
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 0 5 0
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Haida 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuit languages 0 0 0 10 5 5
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Inuktitut 0 0 0 10 0 5
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 5
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 0 0 0
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 15 10 5
Michif 0 0 0 0 5 0
Salish languages 0 0 0 275 130 150
Comox 0 0 0 0 0 0
Halkomelem 0 0 0 50 20 30
Lillooet 0 0 0 25 15 15
Okanagan 0 0 0 85 35 45
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Squamish 0 0 0 5 5 0
Straits 0 0 0 25 10 15
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Siouan languages 0 0 0 15 10 5
Dakota 0 0 0 10 10 5
Stoney 0 0 0 5 5 0
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tlingit 0 0 0 0 0 0
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 405 215 195
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 310 155 155
Nisga'a 0 0 0 70 45 25
Tsimshian 0 0 0 25 15 10
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 75 40 35
Haisla 0 0 0 20 10 15
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 5 5 0
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 25 10 10
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 30 15 10
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 45 15 25
Non-Aboriginal languages 11,800 5,620 6,180 715,815 336,435 379,380
Afro-Asiatic languages 1,660 830 830 13,990 7,065 6,920
Berber languages 10 10 5 45 25 20
Kabyle 0 0 0 20 10 15
Berber languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 25 15 10
Cushitic languages 40 15 25 770 355 415
Bilen 0 0 0 0 0 0
Oromo 0 0 0 90 50 45
Somali 45 20 25 665 300 360
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Semitic languages 1,605 800 805 13,155 6,680 6,475
Amharic 5 5 5 600 275 320
Arabic 1,415 700 710 10,415 5,335 5,080
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 100 55 45 405 195 210
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 15 10 5 310 165 145
Harari 0 0 0 10 5 5
Hebrew 60 30 35 900 465 440
Maltese 5 0 0 15 5 10
Tigrigna 10 5 0 410 190 225
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 5 5 0 95 45 50
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 10 10
Austro-Asiatic languages 185 85 90 17,870 8,305 9,560
Khmer (Cambodian) 10 5 5 800 375 420
Vietnamese 175 85 90 17,055 7,920 9,130
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 15 10 5
Austronesian languages 235 100 140 40,605 17,945 22,660
Bikol 0 0 0 75 30 35
Cebuano 5 5 5 1,305 585 715
Fijian 0 0 0 110 65 55
Hiligaynon 0 0 0 415 175 240
Ilocano 0 0 0 1,615 695 930
Malagasy 0 0 0 10 5 10
Malay 5 5 0 1,120 510 605
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 150 70 80
Pangasinan 0 0 0 55 25 30
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 225 90 135 35,375 15,600 19,770
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 55 25 35
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 310 150 160
Creole languages 15 5 5 335 150 180
Haitian Creole 0 0 0 0 0 5
Creole, n.o.s. 10 10 5 235 105 130
Creole languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 95 50 45
Dravidian languages 205 95 115 3,940 1,995 1,940
Kannada 5 5 0 110 55 60
Malayalam 120 55 70 1,225 615 605
Tamil 65 30 35 2,055 1,025 1,030
Telugu 15 5 10 535 295 240
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 10
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 55 25 30
Indo-European languages 6,075 2,840 3,230 282,090 137,135 144,955
Albanian 130 60 70 695 335 360
Armenian 35 15 15 545 240 305
Balto-Slavic languages 1,275 590 680 31,640 15,150 16,490
Baltic languages 75 30 45 210 90 115
Latvian 35 10 20 80 30 50
Lithuanian 40 15 25 125 60 65
Slavic languages 1,200 565 635 31,430 15,060 16,370
Belarusan 0 0 0 15 5 5
Bosnian 25 15 10 595 300 300
Bulgarian 15 0 5 1,035 485 550
Croatian 50 25 25 2,235 1,055 1,180
Czech 45 20 25 1,595 800 795
Macedonian 25 15 15 150 75 75
Polish 410 185 220 5,690 2,720 2,970
Russian 335 155 180 13,310 6,290 7,020
Serbian 150 75 75 3,695 1,870 1,825
Serbo-Croatian 15 10 5 500 235 265
Slovak 40 20 25 1,000 480 520
Slovene (Slovenian) 10 5 5 145 65 85
Ukrainian 80 30 45 1,430 665 765
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 20
Celtic languages 0 0 0 70 40 30
Scottish Gaelic 0 0 0 35 20 10
Welsh 0 0 0 25 10 10
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 5 5 5
Germanic languages 215 105 110 14,430 6,870 7,555
Afrikaans 30 15 15 1,475 715 760
Danish 0 0 0 305 145 160
Dutch 25 15 10 1,895 890 1,005
Frisian 0 0 0 10 5 5
German 150 65 80 10,085 4,795 5,295
Icelandic 0 0 0 75 35 35
Norwegian 0 0 0 140 60 80
Swedish 5 5 0 360 170 195
Vlaams (Flemish) 0 0 0 50 30 20
Yiddish 0 0 0 10 10 5
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 5 5
Greek 125 65 65 2,010 975 1,035
Indo-Iranian languages 2,060 1,010 1,050 194,590 95,380 99,215
Indo-Aryan languages 1,355 670 680 164,185 80,610 83,575
Bengali 285 135 145 1,815 895 920
Gujarati 185 90 100 2,970 1,320 1,645
Hindi 135 70 65 12,310 5,890 6,425
Kashmiri 0 0 0 10 5 5
Konkani 5 0 0 40 25 25
Marathi 5 5 5 270 140 130
Nepali 35 20 15 665 345 320
Oriya (Odia) 5 0 0 35 20 15
Punjabi (Panjabi) 225 120 110 139,080 68,565 70,515
Sindhi 25 15 10 615 270 345
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 60 30 30 675 330 340
Urdu 385 185 205 5,705 2,825 2,880
Iranian languages 690 335 355 30,205 14,665 15,540
Kurdish 55 25 35 1,080 540 535
Pashto 25 15 10 700 350 350
Persian (Farsi) 610 295 315 28,420 13,765 14,660
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 5 200 100 100
Italic (Romance) languages 2,235 995 1,240 38,110 18,145 19,970
Catalan 5 0 5 65 35 35
Italian 825 340 485 5,200 2,245 2,955
Portuguese 385 175 215 6,725 3,140 3,580
Romanian 240 115 125 3,800 1,830 1,970
Spanish 780 365 415 22,310 10,900 11,410
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 5 10
Japanese 30 15 15 9,860 4,070 5,790
Kartvelian languages 0 0 0 30 15 10
Georgian 0 0 0 30 15 15
Korean 455 215 235 38,605 17,785 20,820
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 170 80 90
Mongolian 0 0 0 165 80 85
Niger-Congo languages 70 30 40 960 430 530
Akan (Twi) 10 0 10 150 80 65
Bamanankan 0 0 0 5 5 5
Edo 0 0 5 15 10 10
Ewe 0 0 0 20 5 10
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 20 5 10
Ga 0 0 0 5 5 0
Ganda 5 5 0 10 5 5
Igbo 5 0 0 40 20 15
Lingala 0 0 5 35 15 20
Rundi (Kirundi) 10 5 5 55 20 40
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 0 0 0 60 25 35
Shona 5 0 5 65 25 40
Swahili 15 10 10 200 90 115
Wolof 0 0 0 20 10 10
Yoruba 5 5 5 60 30 35
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 5 0 0 200 85 120
Nilo-Saharan languages 5 0 5 140 60 75
Dinka 0 0 0 55 30 20
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 5 85 30 55
Sign languages 40 25 15 1,535 850 685
American Sign Language 5 5 0 455 230 225
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e 35 25 15 1,080 615 460
Sino-Tibetan languages 2,525 1,240 1,285 299,420 137,555 161,865
Chinese languages 2,500 1,225 1,270 297,675 136,670 161,000
Cantonese 530 240 295 137,075 62,545 74,525
Hakka 10 5 10 700 295 410
Mandarin 1,825 915 910 146,435 67,695 78,740
Min Dong 0 0 0 65 25 35
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 25 15 15 4,820 2,185 2,630
Wu (Shanghainese) 35 20 15 2,595 1,195 1,400
Chinese, n.o.s. 65 40 30 5,885 2,680 3,205
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 105 45 55
Tibeto-Burman languages 25 10 10 1,745 885 865
Burmese 5 0 5 720 375 350
Karenic languages 10 10 5 725 355 370
Tibetan 0 0 0 205 110 90
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 10 5 0 90 45 45
Tai-Kadai languages 20 15 10 1,380 595 785
Lao 10 0 5 460 225 235
Thai 10 10 5 920 370 545
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e 0 0 0 10 5 5
Turkic languages 70 35 40 1,695 880 815
Azerbaijani 5 0 0 195 105 95
Turkish 75 30 40 1,310 685 630
Uyghur 0 0 0 95 50 50
Uzbek 0 0 0 45 25 20
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 40 20 25
Uralic languages 220 95 125 3,005 1,415 1,590
Estonian 5 0 0 95 40 55
Finnish 5 0 0 725 325 400
Hungarian 210 95 120 2,185 1,050 1,130
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Other languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 145 70 75
Multiple responses 5,105 2,465 2,640 232,540 110,375 122,165
English and French 160 60 100 6,155 2,970 3,185
English and non-official language 4,820 2,345 2,475 222,670 105,750 116,920
French and non-official language 20 5 10 650 290 360
English, French and non-official language 100 50 50 3,065 1,365 1,700
Other language spoken regularly at homeThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Other language(s) spoken regularly at home for the total population excluding institutional residents - 100% dataCensus data footnote 20 111,085 53,755 57,325 4,598,415 2,255,400 2,343,015
None 95,990 46,650 49,340 3,931,210 1,940,390 1,990,820
English 5,580 2,710 2,865 274,535 132,990 141,545
French 950 390 555 41,020 18,435 22,590
Non-official language 8,365 3,905 4,460 340,930 158,590 182,345
Aboriginal 5 5 5 7,985 3,765 4,215
Non-Aboriginal 8,355 3,905 4,455 332,945 154,820 178,125
English and French 50 20 25 1,195 545 650
English and non-official language 70 40 30 5,660 2,655 3,005
French and non-official language 80 35 50 3,765 1,745 2,020
English, French and non-official language 0 0 0 100 45 50
Income of individuals in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 92,090 44,145 47,950 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,030 42,160 45,870 3,727,360 1,815,500 1,911,860
Median total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 37,932 44,935 32,398 33,012 40,370 27,543
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 88,060 42,165 45,895 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,600
Median after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 34,203 39,887 29,469 29,783 35,383 25,659
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 80,850 39,340 41,510 3,363,310 1,665,225 1,698,085
Median market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,574 43,379 29,442 31,585 39,557 25,304
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 63,250 27,940 35,315 2,628,215 1,140,195 1,488,025
Median government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 4,321 1,846 5,680 4,592 3,717 4,920
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% data 64,295 32,945 31,345 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Median employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 35,466 40,772 31,361 31,713 39,186 26,034
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 22 91,920 44,105 47,815 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of total income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 87,995 42,185 45,810 3,727,715 1,815,380 1,912,335
Average total income in 2015 among recipients ($) 52,310 61,747 43,619 45,616 54,797 36,901
Number of after-tax income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 88,025 42,185 45,840 3,732,420 1,819,290 1,913,130
Average after-tax income in 2015 among recipients ($) 42,652 49,240 36,589 37,922 44,282 31,874
Number of market income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 80,865 39,345 41,520 3,362,835 1,664,850 1,697,985
Average market income in 2015 among recipients ($) 51,126 61,294 41,492 44,933 54,787 35,271
Number of government transfers recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 63,050 27,855 35,200 2,628,230 1,139,390 1,488,840
Average government transfers in 2015 among recipients ($) 7,434 6,938 7,826 7,207 7,255 7,171
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample data 64,160 32,970 31,190 2,775,010 1,415,100 1,359,910
Average employment income in 2015 among recipients ($) 49,593 56,650 42,135 43,339 52,171 34,149
Total - Employment income statistics for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 23 91,920 44,110 47,820 3,870,375 1,882,770 1,987,605
Number of employment income recipients aged 15 years and over in private households who worked full year full time in 2015 - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 24 29,105 16,140 12,965 1,147,070 652,115 494,950
Median employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 25 63,495 70,349 56,446 53,940 61,004 47,039
Average employment income in 2015 for full-year full-time workers ($)Census data footnote 26 75,347 83,967 64,616 64,625 72,840 53,801
Composition of total income in 2015 of the population aged 15 years and over in private households (%) - 100% dataCensus data footnote 27 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Market income (%)Census data footnote 28 90.0 92.8 86.3 88.9 91.7 84.9
Employment income (%)Census data footnote 29 69.3 72.6 65.0 70.8 74.4 65.8
Government transfers (%)Census data footnote 30 10.0 7.2 13.7 11.1 8.3 15.1
Total - Total income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 31 92,090 44,140 47,950 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without total income 4,060 1,985 2,080 142,970 67,370 75,600
With total income 88,030 42,160 45,870 3,727,360 1,815,505 1,911,860
Percentage with total income 95.6 95.5 95.7 96.3 96.4 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,075 5,890 7,185 573,315 240,120 333,195
$10,000 to $19,999 13,260 5,210 8,050 653,915 262,225 391,685
$20,000 to $29,999 10,675 4,255 6,420 503,290 209,095 294,195
$30,000 to $39,999 8,765 3,840 4,925 424,330 188,860 235,470
$40,000 to $49,999 8,060 3,600 4,460 366,220 173,020 193,200
$50,000 to $59,999 6,605 3,135 3,475 286,310 148,095 138,215
$60,000 to $69,999 5,595 2,905 2,690 222,975 129,400 93,580
$70,000 to $79,999 4,490 2,510 1,980 171,625 103,795 67,830
$80,000 to $89,999 3,815 2,105 1,710 134,090 83,100 50,990
$90,000 to $99,999 3,485 1,825 1,665 96,825 62,825 34,005
$100,000 and over 10,200 6,880 3,320 294,475 214,980 79,500
$100,000 to $149,999 6,310 4,020 2,295 198,355 142,260 56,095
$150,000 and over 3,890 2,860 1,030 96,115 72,715 23,405
Total - After-tax income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 92,090 44,140 47,950 3,870,330 1,882,870 1,987,460
Without after-tax income 4,030 1,980 2,050 138,350 63,495 74,855
With after-tax income 88,065 42,165 45,895 3,731,980 1,819,375 1,912,605
Percentage with after-tax income 95.6 95.5 95.7 96.4 96.6 96.2
Under $10,000 (including loss) 13,535 5,985 7,555 597,310 253,480 343,835
$10,000 to $19,999 13,780 5,425 8,350 686,510 280,490 406,015
$20,000 to $29,999 12,250 4,935 7,315 593,490 252,075 341,415
$30,000 to $39,999 10,630 4,795 5,835 495,200 226,080 269,120
$40,000 to $49,999 9,350 4,335 5,015 402,535 200,565 201,965
$50,000 to $59,999 7,470 3,890 3,585 293,450 167,870 125,585
$60,000 to $69,999 5,775 3,235 2,540 210,085 128,000 82,080
$70,000 to $79,999 4,860 2,605 2,250 151,775 95,230 56,545
$80,000 and over 10,410 6,960 3,450 301,635 215,590 86,045
$80,000 to $89,999 3,180 1,895 1,285 94,700 64,330 30,370
$90,000 to $99,999 1,850 1,210 635 59,050 42,050 17,000
$100,000 and over 5,380 3,855 1,530 147,885 109,215 38,670
Total - Employment income groups in 2015 for the population aged 15 years and over in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 33 92,095 44,145 47,950 3,870,330 1,882,865 1,987,460
Without employment income 27,800 11,195 16,605 1,095,320 467,570 627,745
With employment income 64,290 32,945 31,345 2,775,010 1,415,295 1,359,715
Percentage with employment income 69.8 74.6 65.4 71.7 75.2 68.4
Under $5,000 (including loss) 10,040 5,330 4,715 441,080 204,275 236,810
$5,000 to $9,999 5,625 2,585 3,040 212,715 90,015 122,705
$10,000 to $19,999 7,960 3,625 4,340 371,875 160,350 211,525
$20,000 to $29,999 5,685 2,550 3,130 309,470 135,945 173,525
$30,000 to $39,999 5,220 2,195 3,025 282,045 126,870 155,180
$40,000 to $49,999 4,880 2,155 2,725 253,810 118,870 134,935
$50,000 to $59,999 4,480 2,140 2,340 203,885 107,605 96,280
$60,000 to $69,999 3,700 1,995 1,705 163,740 98,205 65,535
$70,000 to $79,999 3,175 1,790 1,390 132,340 82,120 50,220
$80,000 and over 13,530 8,585 4,940 404,040 291,050 112,990
$80,000 to $89,999 2,950 1,630 1,315 106,680 67,815 38,860
$90,000 to $99,999 2,950 1,490 1,460 76,470 51,990 24,480
$100,000 and over 7,630 5,470 2,165 220,890 171,245 49,645
Income of households in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 100% dataCensus data footnote 34 42,185 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Median total income of households in 2015 ($) 86,148 ... ... 69,995 ... ...
Median after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 74,592 ... ... 61,280 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 100% data 10,040 ... ... 541,915 ... ...
Median total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 40,524 ... ... 35,701 ... ...
Median after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 36,336 ... ... 31,899 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 100% data 32,145 ... ... 1,340,055 ... ...
Median total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 104,965 ... ... 88,466 ... ...
Median after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 90,126 ... ... 77,108 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for private households by household size - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 35 42,130 ... ... 1,881,970 ... ...
Average total income of households in 2015 ($) 109,267 ... ... 90,354 ... ...
Average after-tax income of households in 2015 ($) 89,122 ... ... 75,209 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for one-person private households - 25% sample data 10,095 ... ... 541,925 ... ...
Average total income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 52,538 ... ... 46,696 ... ...
Average after-tax income of one-person households in 2015 ($) 43,294 ... ... 39,091 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for two-or-more-person private households - 25% sample data 32,035 ... ... 1,340,045 ... ...
Average total income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 127,141 ... ... 108,010 ... ...
Average after-tax income of two-or-more-person households in 2015 ($) 103,562 ... ... 89,816 ... ...
Total - Household total income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 36 42,190 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 670 ... ... 43,415 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 450 ... ... 27,140 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 775 ... ... 55,745 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,010 ... ... 77,565 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,390 ... ... 78,695 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,325 ... ... 72,985 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,410 ... ... 78,080 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,530 ... ... 78,395 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,500 ... ... 76,775 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,465 ... ... 75,860 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 2,865 ... ... 143,475 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 2,720 ... ... 132,845 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 2,470 ... ... 122,350 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,400 ... ... 111,350 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,270 ... ... 99,420 ... ...
$100,000 and over 17,935 ... ... 607,855 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 4,740 ... ... 198,140 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,625 ... ... 138,420 ... ...
$150,000 to $199,999 4,755 ... ... 149,210 ... ...
$200,000 and over 4,810 ... ... 122,080 ... ...
Total - Household after-tax income groups in 2015 for private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 32 42,190 ... ... 1,881,965 ... ...
Under $5,000 710 ... ... 46,350 ... ...
$5,000 to $9,999 460 ... ... 27,605 ... ...
$10,000 to $14,999 795 ... ... 56,780 ... ...
$15,000 to $19,999 1,045 ... ... 80,315 ... ...
$20,000 to $24,999 1,540 ... ... 89,795 ... ...
$25,000 to $29,999 1,480 ... ... 88,035 ... ...
$30,000 to $34,999 1,655 ... ... 93,640 ... ...
$35,000 to $39,999 1,740 ... ... 92,220 ... ...
$40,000 to $44,999 1,830 ... ... 91,635 ... ...
$45,000 to $49,999 1,805 ... ... 88,520 ... ...
$50,000 to $59,999 3,420 ... ... 165,685 ... ...
$60,000 to $69,999 3,195 ... ... 150,650 ... ...
$70,000 to $79,999 3,040 ... ... 136,430 ... ...
$80,000 to $89,999 2,730 ... ... 118,520 ... ...
$90,000 to $99,999 2,470 ... ... 101,185 ... ...
$100,000 and over 14,275 ... ... 454,595 ... ...
$100,000 to $124,999 5,020 ... ... 187,490 ... ...
$125,000 to $149,999 3,450 ... ... 111,260 ... ...
$150,000 and over 5,810 ... ... 155,845 ... ...
Income of economic families in 2015
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 37 31,065 ... ... 1,276,275 ... ...
Median total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 106,051 ... ... 88,451 ... ...
Median after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 90,750 ... ... 77,002 ... ...
Average family size of economic families 3.1 ... ... 3.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 100% data 10,820 ... ... 519,030 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 92,928 ... ... 80,788 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 79,912 ... ... 70,464 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families without children or other relatives 2.0 ... ... 2.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 100% data 14,760 ... ... 536,175 ... ...
Median total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 135,150 ... ... 111,736 ... ...
Median after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 113,660 ... ... 96,176 ... ...
Average family size of couple economic families with children 4.0 ... ... 4.0 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 100% data 4,750 ... ... 179,945 ... ...
Median total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 63,744 ... ... 51,056 ... ...
Median after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 57,856 ... ... 46,668 ... ...
Average family size of lone-parent economic families 2.7 ... ... 2.6 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 38 30,915 ... ... 1,275,865 ... ...
Average total income of economic families in 2015 ($) 128,456 ... ... 108,241 ... ...
Average after-tax income of economic families in 2015 ($) 104,416 ... ... 89,792 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families without children or other relatives in private households - 25% sample data 10,795 ... ... 518,295 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 115,436 ... ... 100,772 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families without children or other relatives in 2015 ($) 93,390 ... ... 83,021 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for couple economic families with children in private households - 25% sample data 14,735 ... ... 536,580 ... ...
Average total income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 155,261 ... ... 131,213 ... ...
Average after-tax income of couple economic families with children in 2015 ($) 125,240 ... ... 108,407 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for lone-parent economic families in private households - 25% sample data 4,665 ... ... 179,615 ... ...
Average total income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 76,509 ... ... 63,004 ... ...
Average after-tax income of lone-parent economic families in 2015 ($) 65,637 ... ... 54,655 ... ...
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 21 13,865 5,990 7,880 768,855 373,390 395,465
Median total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 33,492 33,966 33,206 31,255 33,342 29,674
Median after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 39 30,872 31,249 30,610 28,320 29,815 27,221
Total - Income statistics in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 40 13,990 6,055 7,940 766,660 371,595 395,060
Average total income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 45,177 46,718 44,002 41,666 44,615 38,892
Average after-tax income in 2015 for persons aged 15 years and over not in economic families ($)Census data footnote 41 37,638 38,249 37,173 35,191 37,100 33,395
Total - Economic family income decile group for the population in private households - 100% dataCensus data footnote 42 110,005 53,435 56,575 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
In the bottom half of the distribution 43,250 20,220 23,030 2,265,245 1,078,695 1,186,555
In the bottom decile 9,310 4,445 4,865 537,405 258,275 279,140
In the second decile 8,055 3,535 4,515 449,395 205,320 244,075
In the third decile 8,310 3,860 4,450 420,355 198,845 221,510
In the fourth decile 8,480 3,995 4,485 422,805 203,710 219,095
In the fifth decile 9,100 4,390 4,710 435,290 212,555 222,735
In the top half of the distribution 66,760 33,210 33,550 2,294,990 1,158,795 1,136,195
In the sixth decile 9,925 4,825 5,100 442,070 218,225 223,845
In the seventh decile 11,595 5,755 5,845 451,795 226,240 225,555
In the eighth decile 12,495 6,175 6,320 462,900 233,935 228,970
In the ninth decile 15,355 7,640 7,720 473,535 241,165 232,375
In the top decile 17,385 8,820 8,565 464,685 239,235 225,450
Low income in 2015
Total - Low-income status in 2015 for the population in private households to whom low-income concepts are applicable - 100% dataCensus data footnote 43 110,010 53,430 56,575 4,477,875 2,196,415 2,281,460
0 to 17 years 22,170 11,505 10,665 822,390 422,685 399,710
0 to 5 years 6,325 3,275 3,050 260,110 133,670 126,445
18 to 64 years 67,630 32,810 34,825 2,876,495 1,404,390 1,472,105
65 years and over 20,205 9,120 11,085 778,990 369,345 409,645
In low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) 12,835 5,835 7,000 694,960 325,015 369,940
0 to 17 years 3,520 1,815 1,710 151,880 78,110 73,770
0 to 5 years 1,085 560 525 46,920 24,035 22,885
18 to 64 years 7,925 3,560 4,365 427,085 198,475 228,615
65 years and over 1,390 460 925 115,990 48,430 67,560
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income measure, after tax (LIM-AT) (%) 11.7 10.9 12.4 15.5 14.8 16.2
0 to 17 years (%) 15.9 15.8 16.0 18.5 18.5 18.5
0 to 5 years (%) 17.2 17.1 17.2 18.0 18.0 18.1
18 to 64 years (%) 11.7 10.9 12.5 14.8 14.1 15.5
65 years and over (%) 6.9 5.0 8.3 14.9 13.1 16.5
In low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) 10,795 5,055 5,735 491,645 236,430 255,215
0 to 17 years 2,690 1,365 1,320 99,330 50,890 48,450
0 to 5 years 840 425 410 29,250 14,930 14,315
18 to 64 years 7,265 3,430 3,830 345,345 165,740 179,605
65 years and over 840 255 590 46,965 19,805 27,165
Prevalence of low income based on the Low-income cut-offs, after tax (LICO-AT) (%) 9.8 9.5 10.1 11.0 10.8 11.2
0 to 17 years (%) 12.1 11.9 12.4 12.1 12.0 12.1
0 to 5 years (%) 13.3 13.0 13.4 11.2 11.2 11.3
18 to 64 years (%) 10.7 10.5 11.0 12.0 11.8 12.2
65 years and over (%) 4.2 2.8 5.3 6.0 5.4 6.6
Knowledge of languagesThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census language data
Total - Knowledge of languages for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 44 109,740 53,315 56,425 4,560,235 2,237,490 2,322,745
Official languages 108,115 52,665 55,455 4,407,125 2,173,840 2,233,285
English 108,045 52,630 55,415 4,405,380 2,173,040 2,232,340
French 7,685 3,215 4,470 314,225 140,085 174,140
Non-official languages 31,905 15,225 16,675 1,546,550 727,200 819,355
Aboriginal languages 10 10 0 17,190 8,115 9,075
Algonquian languages 10 0 0 1,950 905 1,045
Blackfoot 0 0 0 35 0 35
Cree-Montagnais languages 0 0 0 1,600 795 805
Atikamekw 0 0 0 0 0 0
Montagnais (Innu) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Moose Cree 0 0 0 15 0 10
Naskapi 0 0 0 0 0 0
Northern East Cree 0 0 0 10 0 10
Plains Cree 0 0 0 345 160 180
Southern East Cree 0 0 0 0 0 0
Swampy Cree 0 0 0 55 25 30
Woods Cree 0 0 0 80 45 40
Cree, n.o.s. 0 0 0 1,090 560 525
Eastern Algonquian languages 0 0 0 30 20 10
Malecite 0 0 0 10 10 0
Mi'kmaq 0 0 0 25 15 0
Ojibway-Potawatomi languages 10 10 0 310 100 205
Algonquin 0 0 0 20 0 15
Ojibway 0 10 0 275 95 180
Oji-Cree 0 0 0 15 0 15
Ottawa (Odawa) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Algonquian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 0 0
Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,375 2,050 2,330
Northern Athabaskan languages 0 0 0 4,345 2,035 2,315
Babine (Wetsuwet'en) 0 0 0 200 100 95
Beaver 0 0 0 255 130 130
Carrier 0 0 0 2,045 940 1,110
Chilcotin 0 0 0 1,130 525 605
Dene 0 0 0 130 55 80
Dogrib (Tlicho) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Gwich'in 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sarsi (Sarcee) 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sekani 0 0 0 185 85 100
Slavey-Hare languages 0 0 0 125 60 75
North Slavey (Hare) 0 0 0 10 0 10
South Slavey 0 0 0 25 15 10
Slavey, n.o.s. 0 0 0 105 45 60
Tahltan languages 0 0 0 290 155 130
Kaska (Nahani) 0 0 0 35 20 15
Tahltan 0 0 0 250 135 120
Tutchone languages 0 0 0 10 0 10
Northern Tutchone 0 0 0 0 0 10
Southern Tutchone 0 0 0 10 0 0
Athabaskan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 30 15 10
Haida 0 0 0 455 195 255
Inuit languages 0 0 0 170 70 95
Inuinnaqtun (Inuvialuktun) 0 0 0 20 10 10
Inuktitut 0 0 0 120 50 70
Inuit languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 35 15 25
Iroquoian languages 0 0 0 30 10 15
Cayuga 0 0 0 0 0 0
Mohawk 0 0 0 25 10 15
Oneida 0 0 0 0 0 0
Iroquoian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 0 10 0
Kutenai 0 0 0 170 95 80
Michif 0 0 10 110 50 60
Salish languages 0 0 0 5,660 2,690 2,970
Comox 0 0 0 185 75 105
Halkomelem 0 0 0 1,045 470 570
Lillooet 0 0 0 790 405 385
Okanagan 0 0 0 805 360 445
Shuswap (Secwepemctsin) 0 0 0 1,280 630 650
Squamish 0 0 0 280 125 155
Straits 0 0 0 360 160 200
Thompson (Ntlakapamux) 0 0 0 440 220 220
Salish languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 540 280 260
Siouan languages 0 0 0 55 20 35
Dakota 0 0 0 30 15 15
Stoney 0 0 0 10 10 10
Siouan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 15 10 10
Tlingit 0 0 0 60 40 20
Tsimshian languages 0 0 0 2,685 1,330 1,350
Gitxsan (Gitksan) 0 0 0 1,275 635 645
Nisga'a 0 0 0 1,035 535 500
Tsimshian 0 0 0 405 180 230
Wakashan languages 0 0 0 1,460 670 795
Haisla 0 0 0 175 65 105
Heiltsuk 0 0 0 120 50 70
Kwakiutl (Kwak'wala) 0 0 0 590 275 315
Nuu-chah-nulth (Nootka) 0 0 0 560 265 295
Wakashan languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 20 15 10
Aboriginal languages, n.o.s. 0 0 0 240 105 135
Non-Aboriginal languages 31,895 15,225 16,670 1,529,635 719,190 810,440
Afro-Asiatic languages 3,750 1,895 1,860 35,115 18,585 16,530
Berber languages 0 0 0 145 95 45
Kabyle 0 0 0 65 40 25
Berber languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 80 60 20
Cushitic languages 105 40 70 2,070 955 1,120
Bilen 0 0 0 20 10 15
Oromo 0 10 0 245 140 110
Somali 100 35 65 1,800 815 985
Cushitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 0 10
Semitic languages 3,655 1,860 1,790 33,110 17,660 15,460
Amharic 50 20 30 2,095 1,050 1,045
Arabic 3,050 1,545 1,505 24,230 13,180 11,050
Assyrian Neo-Aramaic 200 105 95 760 370 390
Chaldean Neo-Aramaic 30 15 15 570 285 285
Harari 0 0 0 55 35 20
Hebrew 350 205 150 5,450 2,805 2,645
Maltese 60 25 30 315 155 155
Tigrigna 15 10 10 1,055 560 495
Semitic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 300 160 140
Afro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 170 85 85
Austro-Asiatic languages 325 155 165 35,915 17,130 18,785
Khmer (Cambodian) 0 0 0 1,875 850 1,020
Vietnamese 320 150 170 34,140 16,295 17,840
Austro-Asiatic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 55 30 25
Austronesian languages 945 345 595 125,425 51,215 74,210
Bikol 15 10 10 530 215 310
Cebuano 30 0 30 5,365 2,000 3,370
Fijian 0 0 0 1,095 655 440
Hiligaynon 0 0 10 1,685 710 975
Ilocano 40 20 20 6,450 2,480 3,970
Malagasy 0 0 0 25 15 10
Malay 80 55 20 7,495 3,480 4,010
Pampangan (Kapampangan, Pampango) 0 0 0 855 365 495
Pangasinan 10 0 0 480 205 275
Tagalog (Pilipino, Filipino) 840 280 555 113,265 45,455 67,805
Waray-Waray 0 0 0 320 130 195
Austronesian languages, n.i.e. 25 0 25 1,515 740 775
Creole languages 70 30 35 2,485 1,320 1,165
Haitian Creole 0 10 0 135 55 75
Creole, n.o.s. 25 10 20 1,310 730 585
Creole languages, n.i.e. 40 20 20 1,055 540 515
Dravidian languages 575 285 285 10,390 5,485 4,905
Kannada 20 15 10 510 250 265
Malayalam 300 145 155 3,350 1,795 1,550
Tamil 240 130 110 5,445 2,830 2,610
Telugu 45 25 25 1,720 970 750
Dravidian languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 85 30 55
Hmong-Mien languages 0 0 0 165 85 80
Indo-European languages 20,490 9,735 10,750 764,815 371,760 393,060
Albanian 330 160 170 1,640 840 795
Armenian 125 75 50 1,680 845 835
Balto-Slavic languages 4,355 2,070 2,285 94,050 44,710 49,340
Baltic languages 295 125 170 1,030 515 520
Latvian 110 40 70 555 290 265
Lithuanian 190 85 100 475 220 250
Slavic languages 4,095 1,965 2,130 93,235 44,305 48,940
Belarusan 0 0 0 245 115 125
Bosnian 85 35 45 2,075 1,020 1,050
Bulgarian 45 15 25 2,430 1,105 1,325
Croatian 595 335 265 10,685 5,255 5,430
Czech 175 85 90 7,480 3,665 3,815
Macedonian 170 75 95 400 220 185
Polish 1,365 635 725 19,175 8,980 10,190
Russian 960 475 485 33,990 15,850 18,135
Serbian 430 220 210 9,110 4,625 4,485
Serbo-Croatian 85 30 50 1,525 770 750
Slovak 160 75 85 4,270 2,045 2,225
Slovene (Slovenian) 80 40 45 1,375 610 760
Ukrainian 385 150 235 10,740 4,835 5,905
Slavic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 420 215 205
Celtic languages 30 15 15 1,855 990 865
Scottish Gaelic 10 0 10 660 395 265
Welsh 10 10 10 345 145 195
Celtic languages, n.i.e. 10 0 0 860 450 410
Germanic languages 2,775 1,170 1,605 136,685 65,350 71,335
Afrikaans 145 65 80 7,670 3,875 3,800
Danish 85 30 60 5,510 2,490 3,020
Dutch 775 335 435 24,060 11,520 12,550
Frisian 40 20 15 465 230 240
German 1,750 725 1,020 95,005 45,840 49,165
Icelandic 10 0 0 405 210 195
Norwegian 15 10 0 2,845 1,425 1,415
Swedish 45 20 25 4,825 2,125 2,695
Vlaams (Flemish) 15 10 10 545 270 275
Yiddish 45 15 30 505 225 280
Germanic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 155 95 60
Greek 505 255 250 9,095 4,725 4,370
Indo-Iranian languages 4,685 2,290 2,400 363,205 181,340 181,865
Indo-Aryan languages 3,400 1,670 1,735 311,955 155,465 156,490
Bengali 625 315 310 3,670 1,885 1,785
Gujarati 335 155 185 11,500 5,455 6,050
Hindi 955 465 490 81,330 39,950 41,380
Kashmiri 10 0 10 60 30 25
Konkani 35 10 25 415 215 200
Marathi 35 30 10 1,475 780 695
Nepali 45 30 15 1,485 725 760
Oriya (Odia) 0 0 0 70 40 30
Punjabi (Panjabi) 915 460 455 244,485 122,450 122,035
Sindhi 35 20 15 3,300 1,415 1,885
Sinhala (Sinhalese) 145 75 70 2,430 1,265 1,170
Urdu 1,125 570 560 16,750 8,840 7,915
Iranian languages 1,315 640 680 52,300 26,435 25,870
Kurdish 200 85 115 2,225 1,185 1,040
Pashto 50 35 15 1,660 940 725
Persian (Farsi) 1,085 535 555 49,835 25,135 24,690
Indo-Iranian languages, n.i.e. 15 10 10 935 490 450
Italic (Romance) languages 8,255 3,955 4,305 177,685 83,505 94,185
Catalan 10 10 0 395 210 180
Italian 4,200 1,995 2,210 37,475 18,075 19,400
Portuguese 1,355 675 685 23,260 11,060 12,200
Romanian 580 285 295 10,045 4,945 5,105
Spanish 2,325 1,095 1,230 115,115 53,215 61,900
Italic (Romance) languages, n.i.e. 10 10 0 380 245 140
Japanese 225 110 115 36,990 15,955 21,040
Kartvelian languages 0 0 10 115 55 60
Georgian 10 10 10 115 55 55
Korean 725 330 390 57,490 26,310 31,180
Mongolic languages 0 0 0 370 170 200
Mongolian 0 0 0 370 165 195
Niger-Congo languages 575 275 305 8,025 4,130 3,895
Akan (Twi) 95 50 40 630 350 280
Bamanankan 0 0 0 30 20 15
Edo 10 10 10 145 80 60
Ewe 30 10 20 135 90 45
Fulah (Pular, Pulaar, Fulfulde) 0 0 0 105 30 70
Ga 25 10 15 150 95 50
Ganda 25 15 10 165 80 85
Igbo 50 35 15 425 240 185
Lingala 45 20 25 280 125 150
Rundi (Kirundi) 0 0 0 125 45 75
Kinyarwanda (Rwanda) 25 10 15 290 125 165
Shona 90 35 60 415 220 195
Swahili 150 65 85 3,365 1,785 1,575
Wolof 10 0 0 50 25 30
Yoruba 25 20 0 885 455 435
Niger-Congo languages, n.i.e. 100 45 55 1,835 840 1,000
Nilo-Saharan languages 15 0 10 405 210 200
Dinka 10 0 0 85 50 35
Nilo-Saharan languages, n.i.e. 10 0 10 325 155 165
Sign languages 115 50 65 7,545 2,865 4,680
American Sign Language 45 10 40 3,860 1,280 2,575
Quebec Sign Language 0 0 0 10 0 0
Sign languages, n.i.e. 75 40 30 3,780 1,615 2,160
Sino-Tibetan languages 3,885 1,895 1,990 457,595 211,220 246,375
Chinese languages 3,870 1,890 1,985 454,885 209,850 245,030
Cantonese 1,095 525 570 234,445 108,485 125,960
Hakka 25 0 20 2,715 1,290 1,430
Mandarin 2,875 1,410 1,470 265,635 119,995 145,640
Min Dong 0 0 0 130 55 75
Min Nan (Chaochow, Teochow, Fukien, Taiwanese) 105 50 55 16,410 7,230 9,185
Wu (Shanghainese) 75 40 40 5,600 2,445 3,155
Chinese, n.o.s. 145 75 70 10,380 4,725 5,650
Chinese languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 200 75 120
Tibeto-Burman languages 10 10 10 3,000 1,500 1,505
Burmese 0 0 0 1,490 730 755
Karenic languages 0 0 0 955 485 465
Tibetan 0 0 0 375 205 165
Tibeto-Burman languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 330 150 180
Tai-Kadai languages 50 10 40 5,635 2,190 3,450
Lao 35 10 25 1,630 735 890
Thai 20 0 20 4,275 1,535 2,740
Tai-Kadai languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 0
Turkic languages 220 105 110 6,785 3,685 3,095
Azerbaijani 25 0 20 945 510 435
Turkish 195 105 90 5,585 3,025 2,555
Uyghur 15 10 0 115 60 55
Uzbek 0 0 0 170 95 75
Turkic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 275 140 130
Uralic languages 760 340 420 15,280 7,095 8,185
Estonian 45 30 20 780 350 425
Finnish 15 10 15 4,030 1,640 2,385
Hungarian 695 305 390 10,495 5,100 5,395
Uralic languages, n.i.e. 0 0 0 10 10 10
Other languages, n.i.e. 30 20 15 1,045 575 470
Citizenship
Total - Citizenship for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 45 109,740 53,315 56,425 4,560,235 2,237,485 2,322,750
Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 46 102,825 50,030 52,790 4,138,300 2,038,285 2,100,015
Canadian citizens aged under 18 20,935 10,765 10,165 790,485 406,970 383,510
Canadian citizens aged 18 and over 81,890 39,265 42,630 3,347,820 1,631,310 1,716,505
Not Canadian citizensCensus data footnote 47 6,915 3,285 3,630 421,935 199,205 222,735
Immigrant status and period of immigration
Total - Immigrant status and period of immigration for the population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 48 109,740 53,315 56,425 4,560,240 2,237,490 2,322,750
Non-immigrantsCensus data footnote 49 79,215 38,930 40,285 3,167,155 1,584,305 1,582,855
ImmigrantsCensus data footnote 50 28,415 13,335 15,085 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Before 1981 11,545 5,360 6,190 356,155 171,330 184,825
1981 to 1990 3,020 1,430 1,595 152,220 70,475 81,750
1991 to 2000 4,920 2,370 2,550 287,505 132,190 155,315
2001 to 2010 6,355 2,950 3,405 321,240 147,250 173,985
2001 to 2005 3,345 1,500 1,845 147,735 67,425 80,305
2006 to 2010 3,010 1,445 1,560 173,505 79,825 93,680
2011 to 2016Census data footnote 51 2,575 1,225 1,345 175,555 82,555 92,995
Non-permanent residentsCensus data footnote 52 2,105 1,050 1,055 100,405 49,385 51,020
Age at immigration
Total - Age at immigration for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 53 28,415 13,330 15,085 1,292,670 603,800 688,875
Under 5 years 3,235 1,595 1,645 112,665 56,495 56,175
5 to 14 years 5,885 2,920 2,970 212,710 108,975 103,730
15 to 24 years 6,495 2,940 3,555 279,495 126,690 152,805
25 to 44 years 10,955 5,010 5,940 537,500 242,185 295,310
45 years and over 1,845 870 975 150,305 69,455 80,845
Immigrants by selected place of birthThe letter C inside a yellow triangle - correctionUpdate of the 2016 Census immigration data
Total - Selected places of birth for the immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 28,415 13,330 15,085 1,292,675 603,800 688,875
Americas 3,380 1,505 1,875 110,850 50,515 60,330
Brazil 90 40 55 3,800 1,545 2,260
Colombia 315 155 155 3,915 1,720 2,195
El Salvador 195 100 95 5,425 2,710 2,715
Guyana 190 85 100 1,305 600 710
Haiti 10 10 10 570 250 315
Jamaica 470 180 290 3,505 1,770 1,735
Mexico 190 75 110 10,375 4,425 5,945
Peru 50 20 25 3,265 1,330 1,930
Trinidad and Tobago 225 110 115 2,620 1,205 1,415
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 1,075 480 595 57,780 26,425 31,355
Other places of birth in Americas 565 240 325 18,295 8,530 9,765
Europe 12,770 6,025 6,750 319,885 156,975 162,915
Bosnia and Herzegovina 225 120 105 4,570 2,230 2,345
Croatia 265 135 125 5,780 2,945 2,830
France 110 45 65 5,700 2,895 2,805
Germany 775 305 470 35,045 16,835 18,210
Greece 280 135 140 3,630 1,965 1,670
Hungary 360 150 215 6,175 3,145 3,030
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 175 90 80 5,890 3,090 2,795
Italy 2,215 1,120 1,095 15,405 8,050 7,355
Netherlands 595 265 335 18,225 9,365 8,855
Poland 900 425 475 15,115 6,965 8,145
Portugal 805 405 400 8,215 4,125 4,090
Romania 510 240 265 8,995 4,400 4,595
Russian Federation 335 150 190 10,920 4,700 6,215
SerbiaCensus data footnote 57 125 50 75 4,480 2,225 2,260
Ukraine 190 85 110 7,500 3,520 3,980
United KingdomCensus data footnote 58 3,720 1,740 1,980 123,810 60,975 62,835
Other places of birth in Europe 1,185 555 625 40,425 19,545 20,880
Africa 1,785 875 915 42,805 21,500 21,310
Algeria 0 0 0 485 310 175
Egypt 325 190 135 2,705 1,480 1,225
Ethiopia 80 35 50 2,070 1,015 1,060
Kenya 105 50 50 4,705 2,175 2,535
Morocco 25 15 10 985 535 455
Nigeria 140 75 60 1,740 925 815
Somalia 45 20 25 1,080 515 570
South Africa, Republic of 295 130 160 13,375 6,700 6,675
Other places of birth in Africa 770 350 420 15,645 7,840 7,800
Asia 10,285 4,820 5,460 788,055 359,835 428,220
Afghanistan 350 160 185 5,040 2,550 2,490
Bangladesh 390 185 210 2,125 1,080 1,040
ChinaCensus data footnote 59 1,865 840 1,030 199,990 89,145 110,845
Hong KongCensus data footnote 60 325 170 160 74,210 34,120 40,090
India 1,475 685 790 162,650 79,395 83,245
IranCensus data footnote 61 495 230 270 37,160 18,890 18,270
Iraq 660 330 330 5,550 2,855 2,690
Japan 95 45 50 13,365 3,840 9,520
Korea, SouthCensus data footnote 62 410 190 220 41,515 18,870 22,645
Lebanon 310 155 160 2,235 1,290 950
Pakistan 780 380 400 10,665 5,470 5,190
Philippines 760 260 495 112,100 45,890 66,210
Sri Lanka 260 130 125 4,585 2,360 2,230
SyriaCensus data footnote 63 295 150 140 2,845 1,450 1,400
Taiwan 165 80 90 38,900 17,450 21,450
Viet Nam 285 135 150 27,875 12,970 14,905
Other places of birth in Asia 1,370 700 670 47,255 22,215 25,045
Oceania and other places of birthCensus data footnote 64 185 105 80 31,075 14,975 16,100
Recent immigrants by selected places of birth
Total - Selected places of birth for the recent immigrant population in private households - 25% sample dataCensus data footnote 54 2,575 1,225 1,350 175,555 82,555 92,995
Americas 380 195 185 14,550 7,160 7,385
Brazil 10 0 10 1,145 525 615
Colombia 75 40 35 580 250 325
Cuba 10 0 15 140 60 80
Haiti 15 0 10 35 35 10
Jamaica 25 15 0 625 355 265
Mexico 35 20 15 2,885 1,420 1,460
United StatesCensus data footnote 55 135 75 60 6,485 3,290 3,190
VenezuelaCensus data footnote 65 0 0 0 270 115 155
Other places of birth in Americas 65 35 30 2,380 1,105 1,275
Europe 410 190 220 19,735 10,260 9,475
France 20 0 10 970 510 460
Germany 20 10 10 1,450 775 675
IrelandCensus data footnote 56 15 15 0 1,430 900 530
MoldovaCensus data footnote 66 0 0 0 245 120 125
Romania 35